Subject Area: Environmental Studies

African Forests Between Nature and Livelihood Resources
 Ros-Tonen, Mirjam A. F.
2005 0-7734-5960-X 456 pages
This book brings together work by African, European and American scholars with various disciplinary backgrounds and sheds light on attempts to reconcile global environmental values with local livelihood needs and development aspirations. The increasing numbers of people who are becoming dependent on forest and savannah resources for their survival constitute a challenge that seems to be greater in Africa than anywhere else. In many countries on the continent, conservation efforts have often neglected the rural poor and led to a loss of access to resources that they used prior to the establishment of conservation areas. The debate on how to develop more democratic and pro-poor forms of forest management has gained momentum due to changing constellations in the partnerships for conservation and sustainable resource use. The papers presented in this book bring together experiences and lessons learnt from conservation and forest management efforts in Mali, the Congo Basin countries, Southern Africa, Uganda, Kenya, Madagascar and Ethiopia. The authors highlight successes and failures in attempts to realize sustainable and pro-poor forest management and address the questions related to the conditions under which power imbalances and conflicting interest can be reconciled through multi-sector partnerships. This book is one of the first to deal with the effects of globalisation and decentralization on tropical forest management in Africa. As such, it contributes to the globalisation and shifts in governance debates in social and policy sciences, and to the debate in human geography circles on how processes at different scales interact and influence each other. The book not only advocates a multi-disciplinary approach but also puts it into practice and therefore presents a number of different proposals for policy actions, institutional development and research.

An Ecological Theology. Reunderstanding Our Relation to Nature
 Cain, Clifford Chalmers
2009 0-7734-4787-3 284 pages
This study examines the historical roots of “hierarchical dualism,” the dominant attitude characterizing the Western approach toward nature which both separates humans from, and elevates them above, nature, allowing for exploitation of resources. This work advocates a new approach in which humans view the natural world as a community entrusted to humanity by God.

An Ethnoarchaeological Analysis of Human Functional Dynamics in the Volta Basin in Ghana
 Agorsah, E. Kofi
2003 0-7734-6677-0 508 pages
This study examines the functional adaptation of traditional societies to changing economic, social and spatial transformations in the Volta Basin of Ghana, in particular the changes caused by the construction of the Akosombo Dam in the early 1960’s and its effect on two Volta Basin communities displaced by the flood waters. It introduces the history of some of the core West African ethnic groups who laid the foundation for the development of cultural traditions in the area. A special feature of the book is that it identifies natural and cultural environments on an equal basis. It also identifies individual and group response to the transformations that created new and challenging conditions. Methodologically, the book employs an objective application of the principles of ethnoarchaeology to identify progressive societal adaptive strategies, which include settlement patterns, building technology, oral traditions, religion and ritual, marriage and death customs. The book is a result of over twenty years of research in the Volta Basin, living among and sharing knowledge with the people. With many illustrations.

An Investigation of Japan’s Relationship to Nature and Environment
 Brecher, W. Puck
2000 0-7734-7768-3 376 pages
This comprehensive reference introduces the significance of the natural environment in Japan’s ancient culture, in its modern society, and in its future political agendas. The book covers nature as a formative phenomenon in Japanese history, religion, philosophy and art; the modern history of Japan’s environmental problems and its successes and failures in dealing with them; the state of Japan’s natural environment today, how it has been transformed and how this transformation reflects the cultural nexus; the country’s grassroots environmental movements and their sociopolitical significance; and Japan’s political culture and the forces which are currently poised to revolutionize the country’s official position on the environment. It includes personal interviews with specialists from government, industry, NGOs, and academia. As a comprehensive yet detailed study, this volume will interest those in environmental and cultural studies and readers interested in Japan. It is also suitable as a supplemental text for courses in environmental history, environmental ethics, and Japanese culture. It will be an important source of statistics and historical analysis for the environmentalist community.

Andrew Ellicott Douglass and the Role of the Giant Sequoia in the Development of Dendrochronology
 McGraw, Donald J.
2001 0-7734-7418-8 130 pages

Anti-Environmentalism and Citizen Opposition to the Ozark Man and the Biosphere Reserve
 Rikoon, J. Sanford
2000 0-7734-7758-6 236 pages
This volume contributes to two primary contemporary scholarships – studies analyzing citizen opposition to mainstream environmental agendas, and research on the role of local communities and citizens in processes of implementing public environmental projects. It melds these interests through a study of a failed attempt by federal and state agencies to establish the Ozark Highlands Man and the Biosphere Reserve in southern Missouri and northern Arkansas.

Case Study in the Role of Environmental Values in Conservation
 Mankoff, Christopher
2002 0-7734-6974-5 112 pages

Case Study in Thomistic Environmental Ethics
 Grant, Robert L.
2007 0-7734-5416-0 360 pages
This work applies an environmental ethic ground in an interpretation of Thomas Aquinas’s Summa Theologiae to a particular environmental region, namely the Loess Hills of Iowa. The book begins by telling the ecological story of the Loess Hills and the proceeds to summarize the development of environmental ethics through the legacy of Henry David Thoreau, thereby revealing certain tensions that exist in contemporary environmental debates. Then, after considering the strengths and weaknesses of anthropocentric and ecocentric ethical systems, the author provides an exposition of Aquinas’s understanding of the bonum naturalis, bonum connaturalis, and the bonum supernaturalis, as these are found in the Summa Theologiae. From these a eudaimonistic ethic emerges: human communities ought to pursue flourishing only in ways that simultaneously save the contextualizing ecosystems. This ethic is then applied to the particular case of the Loess Hills, producing an eudaimonistic ecoregionalism. This study should appeal to scholars working in environmental ethics, philosophy, theology, and ecology.

China and the Law of the Sea Convention Follow the Sea
 Davis, Elizabeth Van Wie
1995 0-7734-9059-0 132 pages
This study introduces principles and practices of ocean law by discussing particular issues of major concern for less developed states. It maps the development of these issues and how they have influenced the ocean policies of the states in East Asia, especially China. It examines the major nonliving resource in the area, oil, because geological surveys predict enormous offshore oil deposits. In an attempt to extend their boundaries to include as much of the rich seabed as possible, the East Asian states are involved in disputes over boundary methods, island claims, and exploration rights. It also examines management and development of the living resources, as food supplies are depleted by rapidly growing populations and marine pollution. It looks at the concerns of effective national security, involving freedom of navigation and movement. The final chapter concludes by reassessing underlying assumptions in international ocean policy and Chinese ocean policy, and the new focus on the oceans that centered on the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention.

Climate Change as a Crisis in World Civilization
 Smith, Joseph Wayne
2008 0-7734-5162-5 372 pages
This study examines the scientific evidence relating to “abrupt” or “dangerous” climate change and explores the social, political, legal and philosophical significance of this evidence. The authors locate the “climate crisis” within the context of a wider crisis of civilization, consisting of a series of converging threats to human survival. There will need to be major changes to human living and thinking, including an abandonment of the idea that unending economic growth and a philosophy of consumer hedonism are compatible with the idea of an ecologically sustainable society.

Comparative Study of Landscape Aesthetics
 Wu, Jiahua
1995 0-7734-9131-7 480 pages
To link theory with practice, the relationship between landscape both painted and designed, and aesthetic thinking are discussed. The discussion develops with reference to the historical, cultural, philosophical and technical contexts of both East and West. Central objects of the study are key issues such as Romanticism of the English school and Tao in Chinese landscape. This systematic study of the language system of landscape art, design and education is of high value in the area of environmental development, which substantially links theory with environmental art and design, and foreshadows the future of landscape aesthetic research.

Culture, Ecology, and Politics in Gabon’s Rainforest
 Reed, Michael C.
2002 0-7734-6866-8 460 pages
This edited work by Dr. Reed and Dr. Barnes is a strong collection of essays on Gabon from leading scholars of the region and is a collection that truly lives up to its professed goal of presenting interdisciplinary approaches. It discusses issues such as contemporary politics, AIDS and Ebola, environmental policies, food production crises, and the history of pre-colonial Gabon.

English Translation of “the Chemical Constitution of the Atmosphere From Earth’s Origin to the Present, and Its Implications for Protection of Industry and Ensuring Environmental Quality” by C.j. Koene (1856)
 McMenamin, Mark
2004 0-7734-6387-9 174 pages
C.J. Koene’s 1856 book on the history of the atmosphere had nearly become a lost work when the author, with the help of a European colleague, located a rare surviving copy. This book, presented here in its original French with English translation, is a foundational document in the earth and environmental sciences and deserves to be more widely known. Koene was one of the first to suggest (correctly) that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels had decreased over geologic time, and was also among the first scientists to grapple with the environmental implications of the industrial revolution.

In this translated edition, the author (in the Foreword) and David Schwartzman (in the Preface) discuss the significance of Koene’s work and its importance for understanding both the history of early research into the development of Earth’s atmosphere and the history of environmental debates associated with industrialization.

Presented as a series of four public lectures, this book provides an engaging glimpse of the development of the science of atmospheric chemistry, and a unique view of the early progress of what would now be called earth science. The book is extensively annotated with footnotes relating Koene’s writings to both earlier and later work. Koene can now be recognized (along with other luminaries such as J.J.Ebelman and V.I.Vernadsky) as one of the founders of earth system science, a research field that is of great contemporary interest to geologists, geochemists, paleoclimatologists, environmental consultants and atmospheric chemists).

Environmental Accounting for Changes in Farm Land Use: A Canadian Case Study
 Merem, Edmund C.
2005 0-7734-6139-6 312 pages
This study examines the changing area of agricultural land through regional environmental accounting in the Ottawa South Central Region of Eastern Ontario Canada from 1981 to 1996. In the field of environmental accounting, increasing attention has been paid to the national approach, with less research at the regional level. A national approach may show a country to have a large quantity of natural resources, including agricultural land areas, at a given period of time, yet not explore the nature and extent of change in the same resources in small areas at the regional level. This study proposes a regional model based upon census data analysis to illustrate the process and level of change in agricultural land area, and the model is then applied at Six Census SubDivisions in the Ottawa region. The study found that over the 15-year period there were significant changes in the area of agricultural land, in the form of a decline in the entire study area as a result of socio-economic factors, and that this in turn enhances regional expertise for researchers, planners and resource managers in the design of strategies and monitoring tools for gauging the temporal-spatial evolution of natural resources, including areas of farmland.

Environmental Accounting for Oil and Natural Gas. A North American Case Study of Canada and the Southeast United States
 Merem, Edmund C.
2010 0-7734-1379-0 380 pages
This book uses national accounting approach anchored in multivariate analysis and descriptive statistics connected to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology to analyse oil and gas depletion and environmental damage costs and the factors responsible for the change from 1961 to 2000. This book contains two color photographs.

Environmental Design for Reclaiming Surface Mines
 Burley, Jon Bryan
2001 0-7734-7478-1 504 pages
This book describes in detail procedures to employ surface mining operations to create usable land after the mining operations cease. Planning and design experts from the USA, Canada, Australia, and Greece, specialists in reclaiming surface mine landscapes, describe principles to reclaim land for specific uses. Case studies and examples from across the globe illustrate these principles. This book will interest professional planners, engineers, landscape architects, land managers, and environmental scientists. With color illustrations.

Environmental History of New York's North Country. The Adirondack Mountains and the St. Lawrence River Valley
 Harris, Glenn R.
2012 0-7734-2628-0 368 pages
This book is a historical narrative on northern New York that takes into account the role of environmental conservation in an often neglected and remote region of the United States.

Ernest Thompson Seton, Founder of the Woodcraft Movement 1860-1946: Apostle of Indian Wisdom and Pioneer Ecologist
 Morris, Brian
2007 0-7734-5474-8 368 pages
This book focuses on artist-naturalist Ernest Thompson Seton, a man who has been compared with Kipling as a writer, with Audubon as a bird artist, with Baden-Powell as a youth leader, and with Fabre as a naturalist. Despite these weighty comparisons and the fact that he was a key inspiration for many later wildlife conservationists and ecologists, Seton has remained a much neglected figure. This lucidly written and well-researched study provides a splendid introduction to the life and work of this “creative genius”, demonstrating the importance of Seton as the naturalist who, at the turn of the twentieth century, was largely responsible for initiating an ecological consciousness and ethic. Instead of focusing on Seton’s personal life, this book presents Seton as a wildlife artist, as a pioneer literary figure who established the realistic animal story, as the apostle of American Indian culture, as well as an influential figure in the founding of the Boy Scouts.

Establishment of Environmentalism on the U.S. Political Agenda in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century - The Brothers Udall
 Sirgo, Henry B.
2004 0-7734-6358-5 264 pages
This book explains how environmentalism was firmly established on the political agenda of the United States in the second half of the twentieth century aided and abetted by the efforts of two brothers who were public servants. Making use of the papers Stewart L. Udall and “Mo” Udall in the Morris K. Udall Archives at the University of Arizona also enabled the author to utilize the concept of the political family elucidated by Donn M. Kurtz II in Kinship & Politics (1987), in this case with the focus on two brothers, one of whom served thirty years in the U.S. House of Representatives as the direct successor of his slightly older brother who served for eight years as the Secretary of the Interior. A major feature of the volume is its employment of environmental policy papers maintained at the Edmund S. Muskie Archives at Bates College in Lewiston, Maine.

Field Research in North American Agricultural Communities
 Molz, Rick
2003 0-7734-6808-0 224 pages
This book is based on field research in agricultural communities in Chiapas, Quebec, and Iowa. It is both an academic and a warmhearted study of the social and human factors embedded within the three agricultural communities making up the North American Free Trade Agreement. It will inform scholars and general readers interested in ecology, environment, international relations, agriculture and technology, rural sociology, and technology and social transition. It will also inform those who are interested in the food they eat, who ask questions about how that food was processed, taking the reader into the banana grove, cornfield, and dairy barn as well as into the banana packing plant, grain processing factory and cheese factory.

Global Development and Remote African Villages
 Wolfgram, Steven A.
2006 0-7734-5638-4 412 pages
This study explores the relationships among tropical biodiversity conservation, economic development and local cultures within the context of two provinces in the Central African nation of Cameroon. The author examined the attitudes toward environmental conservation and economic development of three groups – rural Africans, urban Africans, and urban Westerners – that directly impact Cameroon’s environment and its environmental and development efforts.

A mixed methods approach was used with equal priority given to the quantitative and qualitative research. On the quantitative side, a survey instrument was used with all three groups, and on the qualitative side, semi-structured interviews, informal conversations, focus groups and village meetings were held. Issues of linguistic and cultural differences and the challenges of conducting rural research during the rainy season were addressed in the research.

The study found that urban-rural distinctions were far stronger than African-Western distinctions. With regard to Cameroon’s overall problems or challenges, urban African and urban Westerner respondents agreed that government ineffectiveness, poverty and lack of jobs were the top priorities, while the rural respondents indicated that lack of roads and water systems were the biggest problems. Both urban groups stated that their top objectives for conserving the environment related to sustainable ecosystems and biodiversity preservation, while the rural group reported that their top objective for conserving the environment was to sustain the lives and livelihoods of local people.

The research demonstrated that rural Africans are not a monolithic group. Within the two-province study area, important differences regarding environmental views were identified among rural respondents based on the ecosystems in which they lived.

This study affirmed the highly interrelated nature of environmental conservation, economic development and local culture, and suggested a comprehensive approach to addressing these overlapping spheres. A gender-based analysis indicated gender differences within and across the groups relating to attitudes toward government and urbanization.

The research identified a number of foundations in progress in environmental conservation and development, including the agreement of all three groups on the need for more cross-group communication and training. Persistent obstacles to environmental and developmental progress were also noted with ineffective government and systemic corruption at the top of the list.

Hegel's Science of Logic and Global Climate Change
 Borchers, Scott
2007 0-7734-5280-X 204 pages
This study renders Hegel's Science of Logic intelligible through clear, empirical illustrations, and brings Hegel's complex philosophical ideas to life in a visceral, level-headed manner. It does so by elucidating the conceptual structure of Hegel's Science of Logic with concrete examples from global climate change. One can read the Science of Logic as a treatise on relations. Since climate change is brought about through a system of relations, this work plugs in the appropriate examples to illustrate Hegel's philosophical concepts, and shows how the nuanced account of relations found in Hegel's Science of Logic can be seen at work, empirically, in various facets of climate change. In turn, Hegel's Science of Logic provides a framework for addressing features of climate change such as understanding how it works, assessing its risks and impacts, and providing ethical arguments for mitigating climate change.

History of Metaphors of Nature
 Norwick, Stephen A.
2006 0-7734-5593-0 484 pages
Modern European languages have a large number of metaphors which represent the whole of nature. Many of these, such as Mother Nature, the celestial harmony, the great chain of being, and the book of nature, are used in natural science and in literature. Most of these words can be traced back into prehistory where they arose mythologically from the same small set of images. Metaphors have a powerful influence on the framing of scientific hypothesis making, and so these words have guided the history of natural science, for good or ill, for several millennia. Newtonian mechanics, for example was motivated by the idea of celestial harmony, whereas Darwin used the images of the great chain of being and Mother Nature, and James Hutton created modern geology and ecology by mixing the images of nature as the macrocosm, and as a machine.

The images elicited by these phrases have also been important in the development of the positive feeling for nature, which existed in the Hellenic and Hellenistic society, which was lost in the Middle Ages, and which has been developing again since the Renaissance, and especially since Earth Day, 1970. Each chapter in this book is a parallel longitudinal history of a word or phrase which represents the whole of nature, and which has influenced natural science and general literature, and especially North American Nature writing. Ironically, as natural science developed, and enabled our technological society to destroy natural areas more and more rapidly, science strengthened the fundamental images of nature, and was used by nature writers to encourage a revaluing of the natural world.

Jonathan Edwards on the Environment. The Relevance of the Thought of Jonathan Edwards to Our Current Environmental and Ecological Concerns
 Hall, Richard
2016 1-4955-0500-6 308 pages
This is the first attempt to correlate the development of Jonathan Edwards’ thinking with the psychological stages and social conflicts in his life, but, the primary purpose of the author is to provide a comprehensive statement about Edwards theology and to show how it influenced the later politics of American Society.

Landscape of Nature in Medieval French Manuscript Illumination
 Gathercole, Patricia M.
1997 0-7734-8539-2 164 pages
This volume shows in more detail than ever before the fascinating portrayals of the landscape of nature on French codices from the Middle Ages. The illuminations, the text, and the folio borders often constitute a work of high quality. From an early stylized portrayal of natural phenomena, this work moves on to a more realistic portrayal as reality rather than tradition and authority prevail, showing the gradual development of early landscape painting. As well as benefiting the medieval scholar, this volume will also delight those who love the outdoors, and may serve in addition as a guide for the visitor to museums and galleries. It will be of interest to historians for its representation of the background for historical events, and to the literary scholar. It discusses subjects such as the painting of trees, mountains, flowers, seas, etc. The Arthurian manuscripts disclose a distinct beauty of scenery in their pictorial representations. Calendars associated with prayer books are especially valuable. With many photographs.

Landscape Planning for the Arid Middle East an Approach to Setting Environmental Objectives
 Hamed, Safei-Eldin
2002 0-7734-7315-7 260 pages
This study brings together two topics: landscape planning objectives and the development of the arid regions of the Middle East. It reviews the literature, presents a conceptual analysis, examines cases studies, suggests a comprehensive system for determining public objectives, and reports empirical research. It will provide landscape planners and political decision-makers with some practical tools and theoretical concepts that will be helpful to the development process.

Missouri Natural Streams Act (1990)
 Bradley, Karen A.
2007 0-7734-5344-X 240 pages
This study is an examination of Missouri’s 1990 citizen’s petition effort to regulate rural streams which, though it seemed poised for great success, eventually ended in a dramatic loss in every county of the state. The analysis revolves around the collapse of modern underpinnings of environmentalism, in particular the rural-urban dichotomy, the role of a centralized state within a grassroots framework, the question of science and the notion of a singularly defined public good. It is intended for scholars interested in the environmental movement, resource protection, progressive social activism, and rural sociology.

Need for Indigenous Knowledge in Environmental Impact Assessment: The Case of Ghana
 Appiah-Opoku, Seth
2005 0-7734-6151-5 212 pages
This book questions and explores the appropriateness of Western models of environmental impact assessment for Third World application. The book also examines Ghana’s environmental impact assessment procedure and the potential role of indigenous knowledge and institutions in the assessment process, based on the results of a field research in Ghana. Finally, the book offers suggestions that could improve Ghana’s environmental impact assessment procedure and facilitate its adoption in other developing countries. this book will be of interest to environmental assessment professionals and students, international development agencies, NGOs, planners, academicians, and policy makers looking for bottom-up and effective ways of incorporating environmental considerations in development projects in developing countries.

New Way of Thinking About Our Climate Crisis: The Rational-Comprehensive Approach
 Smith, Joseph Wayne
2009 0-7734-4808-X 320 pages
This work provides an examination of the scientific evidence of rapid climate change, offering suggestions on combating the crisis to policy makers. The authors show how our thinking must be transformed in order to avert catastrophe.

Northwest Montana’s Environmental Debates
 Corbin, Carol
2004 0-7734-6444-1 324 pages
Using a wide range of texts to analyze the cultural and historical ways that nature has been symbolized, Northwest Montana’s Environmental Debates uncovers deep-rooted assumptions about human relationships with nature. At the center of these debates is the issue of logging. Citizens of northwest Montana have been split over their beliefs and values particularly in arguments over logging old growth forests. Corbin suggests that there is no “truth” about how humans should live with nature; rather there are competing social constructions of the human/nature dialectic that underpin the clashes over logging.

An Analysis of Corporate Noncompliance with the Law
 Wolf, Brian
2009 0-7734-4824-1 168 pages
Crimes that harm the environment are frequently presented as random or accidental behaviors. This study, however, examines the cultural and organizational factors that make the routine operations of business susceptible to environmental law-breaking.

Park Management in Ghana Using Geographic Information Systems ( GIS ) and Remote Sensing Technology
 Twumasi, Yaw A.
2005 0-7734-5990-1 388 pages
Effective management of natural resources, especially National Parks requires accurate and up-to-date information to guide park managers in making appropriate decision. The core of this book is to provide such information using GIS and remote sensing technologies to guide policy development in managing protected areas in Ghana. Some lessons and constraints are drawn from experiences of both developed and developing countries to understand how GIS and remote sensing technologies could assist with park management in Ghana. It is intended that the book would provide background data and operational research tools for the protected area managers, foresters, researchers, students and all those wishing further to investigate applications of remote sensing for planning nature reserves and natural resources.

Private Reflections and Opinions of W. H. Hudson (1841-1922), the First Literary Environmentalist
 Shrubsall, Dennis
2008 0-7734-5021-1 188 pages
This work brings together a carefully categorized and thoroughly indexed consolidation of W.H. Hudson’s statements. This book contains three black and white photographs.

Problem of Waste Disposal in a Large European City: Garbage in Naples
 Corona, Gabriella
2012 0-7734-2905-0 260 pages
This essay owes its significance to a carefully constructed case study. It examines environmental policies in one particular city, Naples, Italy. But it shows events that could happen anywhere. Re-establishing the cycle of nature through recycling is an exceptionally difficult task. These authors show how the people of Naples attempted to establish environmentally sound policy initiatives by considering all possible solutions. After much deliberation they opted for more efficient methods of waste disposal.

The waste disposal issue in Naples has been at the center of media attention. It raises questions about whether Italy is threatened by a garbage crisis. Taking cues from other countries, Naples discovered that it could incorporate aggressive measures to reduce its waste. The events described in the book start in Naples but extend to Italy and Europe as well.

The two authors of this book are an environmental historian and a waste management expert of international standing. They engage in a straightforward and serene discussion, resulting in a one-of-a-kind work that leaves bias and ideology behind. The complexity of the issue is a result of the speed at which modern society has developed.

The book addresses the inability of the ruling classes to keep up with its frenetic growth rate. Northern and Southern Italy answered the problems of waste disposal in different ways. Hence the need for a debate on the real problems posed by the management of collective property and environmental resources. In conclusion the authors look at future prospects and suggest practical solutions.

Record of Natural and Social Disasters and Their Political Implications: A New Issue for Public Policy Planners
 Gruberg, Martin
2009 0-7734-4801-2 236 pages
This work goes beyond the existing literature on disaster events, both manmade and natural, by examining the politics behind them. It takes a comprehensive look at the spectrum of international disasters—geologic, meteorological, fire and power, health, transportation, and wartime.

Complying with the New Federal Guidelines
 Valcik, Nicolas A.
2006 0-7734-5572-8 276 pages
The research is a case study of one university’s policies and practices with regard to the procurement, use, storage and disposal of biological Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT) in the context of a changing internal structure and a changing regulatory environment. The research utilized qualitative methods for gathering the data that allowed for analysis of the current situation with how the institution conducted operations with biological elements in the organization. Recommendations were formulated from gathering policies, procedures, and practices from other research institutions as well as utilizing federal guidelines for safeguarding biological materials. The research highlights several areas of safety and security for biological HAZMAT that can be improved and makes recommendations based on those findings.

Relationship of Man and Nature in the Modern Age. Dominion Over the Earth
 Lehotay, Denis C.
1993 0-7734-9273-9 284 pages
The essays in this book make a unique contribution to the global concern about the effects of man and technology on the environment. They explore patterns of thinking and perception in Western society that form the basis of prevailing attitudes to self, nature, the world, and the way science and technology are used to gain control and to dominate.

Risk Regulations and Scientific Expertise in the United Kingdom: The Precautionary Principle in Public Policy
 Patterson, Alan
2008 0-7734-4804-7 288 pages
This book examines how governments deal with the problem of how science can achieve the objective of developing wealth-creating technologies, and at the same time solve the problems for people and the environment that such technologies cause, by evaluating the role of science in policymaking in Britain.

Self-Destructive Affluence of the First World: The Coming Crisis of Global Poverty and Ecological Collapse
 Smith, Joseph Wayne
2010 0-7734-3620-0 288 pages
This study provides a comprehensive and scholarly introduction to the debate around global apocalypse. The work presents an up-to-date overview of global climatic change, while also addressing challenges from climate change skeptics. Issues discussed include, the limits of scientific knowledge, and the capacity for societies to adapt to environmental challenges.

Self-Help Water Supply in Cameroon - Lessons on Community Participation in Public Works Projects
 Njoh, Ambe J.
2003 0-7734-6896-X 196 pages
This study adds to the sparse literature on the role of citizens in the development process. It examines the concept of community participation from practical and theoretical perspectives, and describes the experience of six villages in Cameroon with their respective water supply initiatives.. It focuses on the community participation element in each case, and explores questions regarding the project’s impact, as well as major constraints encountered during the course of the project. It also contains a discussion of the relationship between the state and rural communities and its role in rural development in Cameroon.

Social Impact of the Chad-Cameroon Oil Pipeline
 Endeley, Joyce B.
2007 0-7734-5485-3 292 pages
Explores the concepts of globalization, gender relations, and land tenure, and the intersection of these concepts in a globalizing project, hereby represented by the Chad-Cameroon Oil Pipeline project in selected communities in Cameroon. It questions the theories of globalization, the construction of women and men in the project, particularly as concern land resources. This work will appeal to scholars in social and management sciences, gender studies and environmental sciences in Africa, development agencies and multinational companies like the World Bank and petroleum consortiums, and policy makers.

State Intervention and the Environment in Sudan, 1889-1989
 Kibreab, Gaim
2002 0-7734-6906-0 532 pages

Sustainability, Human Ecology, and the Collapse of Complex Societies
 Caldararo, Niccolo
2004 0-7734-6324-0 409 pages
This book provides an overview and generalized picture of the evolution of human environmental economy. This book outlines the history of how hominids have altered and used the environment over the past 5 million years, with the first part comprising a general survey to set the stage for the study of the role of forest fires in human ecology and the second part discussing the history of complex societies and the concept of sustainable society. In addition, this work also provides a review of the general literature on economic anthropology covering the efforts of a number of scientists such as Creighton Gabel, Marshall Sahlins and Raymond Firth to John Clammer, Susana Narotzky, C.A.Gregory, and Mary Douglas.

This book also covers the idea of forest fires as a biological concept as well as a popular image driving ideas and public policy. It presents a study of how forest and wild fires differ in the ethnohistorical literature and provides a cross-cultural and historic framework for these concepts.

The Scientific and Public Policy Implications
 Smith, Joseph Wayne
2015 1-4955-0289-9 176 pages
This is the first book in the world to be published on the topic of surgery and climate change. It is the aim of this book to present an up-to-date summary of the relevant climate science, information on the impact of climate change upon human health, and to situate the new research paradigm of surgery and climate change within this scientific framework.

Unpublished Letters of W. H. Hudson (1841-1922), the First Literary Environmentalist
 Shrubsall, Dennis
2006 0-7734-5456-X 880 pages
William Henry Hudson (1841-1922) was a significant literary figure during late nineteenth and early twentieth-century England, where his writings were much admired by fellow authors including such popular writers as John Galsworthy, Joseph Conrad and Ford Madox Ford. Hudson was an unusual combination: an arcane, enigmatic figure to whom the poet laureate, John Masefield, attributed four of the most romantic books of their time, and a distinguished naturalist, the author of outstanding books of travel in Latin America and rural England, definitive texts on the ornithology of Argentina and popular books about British birds. His standing as a British writer derives support from the fact that, without seeking it, he was elected Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and appointed to its academic committee. His place in Hispanic Letters is signified by his inclusion in The Oxford Companion to Hispanic Literature.

Most of the letters in this collection were written by Hudson to carefully chosen friends and confidants, among whom were well-known authors, poets, artists, naturalists, conservationists and the indomitable Ranee Margaret of Sarawak, consort of the second white Rajah, Sir Charles Brooke. They are personal, uninhibited communications never intended for publication, in which he poured his thoughts onto paper as fast as his pen could cope. From these letters, we gain an understanding of the real Hudson. They give insight into his days as a collector of bird skins in South America and his lifelong dedication to, and work for, wild bird conservation in Britain. There are accounts of his English rural rambles: of landscapes, flora, wildlife behavior, lodging places, people he met, their modes of life and the stories they told, some of which he included in his books. Hudson criticizes books, poetry and their authors; remarks on the progress and publication of his own books; and comments on journal contributions, journals and their editors.

Volume One: International Encyclopedia of Land Tenure Relations for the Nations of the World
 Belenkiy, Vladimir
2004 0-7734-6533-2 692 pages
This four-volume work includes articles on land tenure, land relations, and the regulations of the land market in Austria, Australia, Africa, Bulgaria, Hungary, Great Britain, Germany, Greece, Kazakhstan, Daghestan, Canada, Latin America, Norway, Russia, the United States, Poland, Finland, Estonia, Switzerland, and Rumania. The encyclopedia is presented in both Russian and English, with facing-page translation.

Why Climate Change is Creating New Catastrophic Medical Problems: The Crisis of Surgery
 Smith, Joseph Wayne
2018 1-4955-0646-8 312 pages
In this book by Dr. Smith and Dr. Maddern, the argument of The Influence of Climate Change on the Practice of Surgery is expanded upon by placing climate change itself into the context of what Smith and others have called the "crisis of civilization". A "crisis of civilization" is a set of converging sand compounding ecological, resource and socio-political problems that constitute an existential threat to modern techno-industrial civilization. Here, surgery is used as a case study if what it is likely to happen if societies do not make the transition to ecological sustainability, and consequently undergo societal collapse.

Why Environmental Solutions Especially Impact Minority People. The Racist Consequences of Climate Change
 Bracey, Earnest N.
2015 1-4955-0434-4 232 pages
This study is an urgent call to action to address the problems of environmental racism that manifests itself in the gradual eradication of quality of life in predominantly minority neighborhoods. This book heightens awareness of this environmentally racist connection by focusing on the policies and the intentional actions of corporate polluters and suggests potential solutions to combat the negative impact these dangerous corporations levy against minority communities.

Writings of W. H. Hudson, the First Literary Environmentalist 1841-1922
 Shrubsall, Dennis
2007 0-7734-5312-1 372 pages
This study provides a précis for each of William Henry Hudson’s (1841-1922) books and gives an account of the development, writing, publication, reception and critique of each. Further, the work identifies those parts of each book which appeared first in journals and details the differences between those two versions and between first and rewritten editions of Hudson’s books. Finally, the book dates the experiences Hudson wrote about and identifies the places and people he failed to name or to whom he gave pseudonyms.