About the author: Safei-Eldon Hamed is a scholar of international development and environmental planning. He received his PhD in Environmental Planning from Virginia Tech. He has taught at various universities in North America and the Middle East and served as consultant for several national and international organizations. From 1994 to 1997, he worked as an “Environmental Specialist” for the World Bank and the Agency for International Development in Washington DC.2002 0-7734-7315-7
This study brings together two topics: landscape planning objectives and the development of the arid regions of the Middle East. It reviews the literature, presents a conceptual analysis, examines cases studies, suggests a comprehensive system for determining public objectives, and reports empirical research. It will provide landscape planners and political decision-makers with some practical tools and theoretical concepts that will be helpful to the development process.