Carter, John J. 2009 0-7734-3878-5 252 pages This work examines the history and ramifications of the employment of former Nazi intelligence officers by the American intelligence community during that critical period of the Cold War, from the fall of Berlin through the end of the Eisenhower administration.
Drooz, Daniel B. 2003 0-7734-6657-6 354 pages Using 16 personal interviews, government documents from Germany and the US, the author explores the experience of American POWs who were held in German concentration, death and slave labor camps. The work provides detailed accounts that document the presence of American POWs in these camps, and explores the reasons why the US government systematically suppressed information about them. It affirms that German policy was to kill as many prisoners as possible from all the allied nations, and systematically legalized its actions. It shows that the murder of POWs in death and concentration camps was not a matter of isolated incidents or random acts, but a planned policy. Other allied nations accepted the reports of their returning troops, but the US government denied the facts and covered them up.
Haushofer, Karl 2002 0-7734-7122-7 444 pages "The original publication of Haushofer's Geopolitics of the Pacific Ocean had an immediate impact. Quickly translated and published in Japan and Russia it became an object of study.... A Russo-Japanese Convention was signed in 1925. ...Then cam the Tanaka Memorandum of 1927. Reportedly based on Haushofer's Geopolotics of the Pactific Ocean it provoked a split between the Imperial Army and Navy. ...Hiterler had comet to power in Germany in 1933. Espousing many of Haushofer's geopolitical theories, except alliance with communist Russia, the Nazis pushed Haushofer into prominence" -L.A. Tambs, "Preface"
Hostetter, Elisabeth Schulz 2004 0-7734-6354-2 223 pages This study uses semiotic methodology to explain how artists and state appointed administrators at the Berliner Staatstheater created and implemented an aesthetic that fulfilled the political needs of the Nazi Party in Germany from 1933 through 1944. Three propaganda plays, two classic repertory plays, and a resistance play are analyzed to determine how stage designs, costumes, repertory, publicity, and acting choices translated or resisted Nazi cultural policy in production practice.
Analysis of the changes occurring in the Berliner Staatstheater during Hitler’s reign reveals specific production elements used by the Nazis to aesthetically translate their ideology for general, bourgeois distribution. Findings indicate that, while plays written as pure propaganda by avid party members like Hanns Jost dies quickly in repertory, avenues of propaganda remained open through carefully staged NSDAP productions of classic plays by playwrights such as Goethe and Schiller. Casting, character portrayals, thematic emphasis, design elements, and publicity for these productions displayed pointed references to Nazi cultural aims.
The study verifies that theater became a means by which a centralized power structure consciously manipulated public sentiment. Nevertheless, the study also provides a counter approach to the main argument by offering a brief look at the famous Staatstheater production of Shakespeare’s Richard III that attempted to resist and refute NSDAP policy. Conclusions regarding the destructive use of propaganda in current and future cultural endeavors close the report. An appendix includes a fully translated version Joseph Goebbel’s May 7, 1933 speech before German theater leaders. This speech represents a key statement of nazi cultural policy, which criticized the individualism of Weimar theater and proposes a united commitment to use theater as a means to promote “the virtue of community”.
Baranowski, Shelley 1986 0-88946-816-8 200 pages Examines the close relationship between aristocratic Prussian landowners and the leadership of the Confessing Church and shows the limits of German conservative-elite opposition to Nazism. Contends that the opposition of the Confessing Church to the Nazi regime was highly ambiguous and argues that the so-called church struggle was but a special case of class struggle.
Jacob, Alexander 1995 0-7734-9054-X 428 pages This translation of Jung's major political treatise (2nd edition, 1930) makes available for English readers the ideology of the neoconservative movement in the Weimar Republic. While the neoconservatives were not identical with the Nazis and even opposed them, the close similarities between the two should not be overlooked. As the purpose of this translation is to revive the work as a document of political science, rather than of history, only the first four parts of the work are presented, dealing with the intellectual foundations of statecraft, the society and state, culture, and economics, and five chapters of the last part dealing with the theoretical aspects of Jung's political views.
Jacob, Alexander 1995 0-7734-9056-6 396 pages This translation of Jung's major political treatise (2nd edition, 1930) makes available for English readers the ideology of the neoconservative movement in the Weimar Republic. While the neoconservatives were not identical with the Nazis and even opposed them, the close similarities between the two should not be overlooked. As the purpose of this translation is to revive the work as a document of political science, rather than of history, only the first four parts of the work are presented, dealing with the intellectual foundations of statecraft, the society and state, culture, and economics, and five chapters of the last part dealing with the theoretical aspects of Jung's political views.
Lippe, George B von der 1996 0-7734-8791-3 204 pages This volume is a comprehensive treatment of the relationship of a society to its most powerful and controversial national symbol. Beginning with the heroic figure presented in the late 19th-century Festspiel, the study delineates the transformation of the literary projection of the Luther figure from Wilhelminian, through Weimar, into Third Reich cultural and political domains. The polarity which characterizes Luther depiction in the first half of the century is reflected in Luther as the cultural idol of the mainstream right and as archetypal symbol of betrayal and repression to the opposition and left intelligentsia. The study then traces the metamorphosis of Luther objectification in the divided German of the second half of the 20th century, characterized by an intense love-hate relationship in the GDR/East and more distanced, analytical relationship in the FRG/West; focal points include Thomas Mann's treatment of the Luther figure, Leopold Ahlsen's psycho-drama Der Arme Mann Luther, Dieter Forte's irreverent satire Martin Luther und Thomas Münzer, oder die Einführung der Buchhaltung, and Lutherjahr 1983 (Luther's 500 birthday) in East and West. Finally, the study considers the Luther figure in the context of German reunification - whether the Luther figure is a viable cultural symbol for Germans at the end of their most tumultuous century. This work targets an audience of Germanists and theologians, as well as those with a general interest in German cultural history. The text is in English, with English translation (by the author) and original German text for cited passages.
Morris, Rodler F. 1988 0-88946-349-2 261 pages The work describes one of Germany's best-known nationalists, Walter Bloem, his philosophical transformations, and his controversial contributions to German literature. His philosemitic novel Brotherhood represents a socio-political perspective in 20th-century Germany. His work is best understood in the semi-autobiographical light which Morris' book provides.
Littell, Franklin H. 1990 0-7734-9995-4 336 pages A volume of basic studies by world-renowned specialists in nazism. Contributors include Eberhard Bethge, Wilhelm Niemöller, Henry Friedlander, Elie Wiesel, and Theodore Gill.
Munro, Gregory 2006 0-7734-5735-6 548 pages This book examines an important but previously relatively unknown chapter in the Roman Catholic opposition to the rise of the Nazi Party between 1923 and 1933. In 1929, Dr. Georg Moenius (1890-1953), a Catholic priest from the Archdiocese of Bamberg, became editor of the highly-respected Munich weekly journal, the Allgemeine Rundschau, which had been published in Munich since 1904. The journal had been a relatively conservative Catholic journal noted for its support of the Catholic Centre Party and Bavarian Catholic culture. Under Moenius’ editorship, the Allgemeine Rundschau attained great notoriety in Central Europe for its fearless and bitter critique of the rise of the German right wing extremist groups, especially the ascendant National Socialist Party of Adolf Hitler, whom Moenius denounced as the ‘anti-Christ.’ Indeed, Moenius’ constant warnings of the peril of Nazism and Hitler were so shrill and persistent that he was accused (even by many who were otherwise sympathetic to him) of being afflicted by a ‘Moenomania.’
The Allegemeine Rundschau was banned in 1933, and Moenius fled Germany to escape arrest. The headstrong priest had to emigrate from one country to another as the Nazi Reich expanded between 1938 and 940, until finally he found refuge in the small colony of German emigrants in Los Angeles. Of those associates who remained in Germany after the Nazi seizure of power, many were banned from journalism. Others were placed in concentration camps.
This book is based on an extensive array of archival material from Germany, Austria and Switzerland and relevant primary sources from those countries. Given the important developments in German historiography in the twentieth century, which saw the breakdown of German statist tradition and that Germany is now of the most important members of the European Union, the significance and importance of the prescient critique of the Allgemeine Rundschau cannot be overstated.
Lapomarda, Vincent A. 2005 0-7734-6265-1 476 pages Describes Nazi persecutions of the Jesuit order during the Third Reich and the fates of many Jesuits in Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, the Baltic States, Russia, Rumania, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Italy, the Low Countries, and France. Also focuses on Jesuit efforts in defense of human rights, particularly those of Jews, and provides a corrective to such views of the Roman Catholic Church of the Nazi period as that popularized by Rolf Hochhuth in The Deputy.
Willingham, Robert Allen 2011 0-7734-1514-9 260 pages A thorough examination of the enormous differences between the attitudes toward Jews of the First Republic, the Third Reich and the German Democratic Republic, or East Germany, the last regime of which has not been studied with the depth, due not least to the relatively recent opening of sources.
Symington, Rodney 2005 0-7734-6014-4 328 pages For the Nazis, Shakespeare was a major cultural icon, whose works belonged to German culture more than to English and were therefore to be exploited for political-propagandistic purposes like those of any other German “classical” writer. Following an overview of the importance of Shakespeare in German culture, this book’s three major sections investigate the controversy over the appropriate translation Shakespeare’s plays to be read and performed, the effect of the new political-cultural climate on Shakespeare-scholarship, and the attempts of the Nazis to “co-ordinate” Shakespeare’s works on the stage for propagandistic ends. This is the first complete study, entirely in English, to present the total picture of Shakespeare’s fortunes in Germany between 1933 and 1945 in the context of Nazi cultural policy.
Weinberger, Gabriele 1992 0-7734-9851-6 260 pages An in-depth analysis of three pivotal works for students of German film history and post-war culture as it leads to the present political developments, the study puts films by West German film directors Helma Sanders-Brahms, Jutta Brückner, and Marianne Rosenbaum in the context of both German film politics/feminist film theory and the West German cultural, socio-political context of the last decade. Their films take an insistent close-up look at the average German family during the 1950s and how the fascist experience affected the interpersonal relationships and German children's upbringing in the post-fascist years, showing the deep-reaching transformations individual Germans and the family structure had undergone. The films' points of departure are distinctly new and intend to go beyond the known both in film and in patriarchal culture.
Mineau, André 2022 1-4955-0954-0 312 pages From the Author's "Summary of the essential elements" of Nazi ideology (pg. 278):
٭ In the field of foreign politics, Nazi ideology fully actualized the geopolitics of biology.
٭ Nazi ideology was predicated on what can be called the "1918 syndrome".
٭ To the Nazi mind, the downfall of Germany tragically confirmed the Jews' universal malevolence.
٭ The Holocaust accomplished what was logically contained within Nazi ideology.
Colijn, G. Jan 1992 0-7734-9516-9 540 pages These papers highlight the contradictions in the Netherlands which led on one hand to a Dutch Nazi Party and a very low rate of survival among Dutch Jews, and on the other hand to facets of considerable resistance. Papers also discuss the symbolic message of Anne Frank. Others, written by those personally involved, pay the tributes of Dutch survivors and narrate the experience of Dutch rescuers. Others give fresh insight into such specialized topics as the experience of survivors in the DP camps after the war, the confrontation with Holocaust revisionists, the present day use of film and drama to convey the Holocaust, and the personal struggle with the Holocaust, e.g. the case of Gottfried Wagner.
Iwanska, Alicja 1998 0-7734-8388-8 200 pages Based on interviews carried out in Chicago in 1955 with Polish intellectuals who survived wartime internment in Nazi concentration camps and later emigrated for political reasons to the US. Contributes to the study of life in the camps, emigration and assimilation studies, and theoretical studies of values. It begins with a brilliant exegesis of the social origins and occupations of the pre-war Polish intelligentsia, and of their aspirations and way of life analyzed under the headings of personalism, patriotism, spiritual leadership, liberal education, social refinement, and lifestyle. It emerges that pre-war intellectual values proved stronger in the camps (where her informants managed to maintain their roles as spiritual leaders) than in the seemingly lesser ordeal of exile. In Chicago, where they found only factory or low-level clerical jobs, had no access to higher intellectual and cultural milieux, and were distrusted or ignored by the Poles of an earlier emigration, the old values were often irrelevant.
Strosberg, Sharon 1998 0-7734-8378-0 180 pages Testimony of the author's experience, hardships, suffering, and survival of the Nazi occupation of Poland. Includes photographs and reproductions of documents such as false birth certificate, 'true-passage' document, false travel document made by the underground, false train ticket made by the underground, example of anti-Semitic propaganda flier.
Baron, Jeremy Hugh 2007 0-7734-5502-7 240 pages This study seeks to trace the development and implementation of the various Nazi crimes in Europe and to analyze these crimes in relation to certain antecedents prevalent in modern American and British history. By tracing the development and implementation of racism, romantic nationalism, and positive and negative eugenics in the history of these three nations, the author is able to demonstrate the lack of novelty in Nazi actions. Most chapters begin by considering British and American concepts relating to individual Nazi crimes before moving on to illustrate the particular developments in Germany that led to the grotesque reality of the Holocaust.
Lapomarda, Vincent A. 2012 0-7734-2932-8 332 pages The book describes the role way some Catholic Bishops attempted to resist the Nazi extermination of the Jews and other populations during the Holocaust. It shows that many Catholic Bishops throughout Europe risked life and limb sheltering Jews and other victims. While other scholars forward different opinions on the matter, Lapomarda’s analysis of Pope Pius XII uses factual evidence to show the Pope acted against the Nazis' treatment of the Jews, and facilitated massive movements against the final solution.
Feldman, Lawrence H. 2022 1-4955-1023-9 324 pages This book offers an informative history of specific issues complicating attempts to escape Nazi Germany. "[I]t was understood that the Nazis were specifically targeting Jews. State terror had turned Jews into a convenient political scapegoat, and confiscating Jewish property had become a lucrative business. But in the Unites States, as elsewhere, anti-Semitism was on the ascent. ...Roosevelt took the position that to increase American "immigration quotas or appropriations of loans from public funds...[would] occasion public dispute." -Lawrence H. Feldman
Hamsun, Marie 2011 0-7734-3944-7 168 pages This is Marie Hamsun's personal narrative from the years 1940-1952, i.e. from the invasion and occupation of Norway until the death of Knut Hamsun. She illuminates personal, psychological, and political facets of Knut Hamsun's character and traces the roots of his deep-seated Germanophilia and Anglophobia, respectively. Her insights are based on her forty-three-year marriage to the controversial Nobel Prize winning Norwegian writer and World War II Nazi collaborator.
This edition is the first authorized English edition of Marie Hamsun's memoir, a work, which is indispensable to the understanding the life and works of Knut Hamsun.
Schiff, Vera 2012 0-7734-4059-3 212 pages The author describes the social structure, created by the prisoners themselves at Theresienstadt: the library, banks, schools, orchestra, medical facilities, and economic life. The book’s author provides eye witness information about the organization of this camp created by the Nazis in order to deceive the world about their true purpose.
Schiff, Vera 2013 0-7734-4061-5 212 pages The author describes the social structure, created by the prisoners themselves at Theresienstadt: the library, banks, schools, orchestra, medical facilities, and economic life. The book’s author provides eye witness information about the organization of this camp created by the Nazis in order to deceive the world about their true purpose.
Feige, Franz 1990 0-88946-790-0 516 pages Examines the history of Christianity in the area of the relationship between theology and politics, particularly as applied to the encounter of German Protestantism and National Socialism, a topic usually treated as the German church struggle. Goes beyond the narrow and limited concerns of the church struggle by both historically deepening and methodologically broadening the perspective through a combined historical and systematic approach. Feige's five-pronged typology of Protestant responses to National Socialism opens up a comparative vantage point from which to address the strengths and weaknesses of the individual responses more fully. The five types are represented by the confessional position of Karl Barth, the neo-conservative Paul Althaus, the National Socialist Emanuel Hirsch, the liberal Martin Rade, and the religious socialist Paul Tillich. The typology is a heuristic device in the sense that equal attention is given to all five types.
Condray, Kathleen 2003 0-7734-6739-4 340 pages This thematic study is the only in-depth investigation into the literature of Jugend. It includes a discussion of Jugend’s particular relationship to women not found in previous scholarship and corrects some technical errors regarding editorship and focus during the Third Reich. Special focus is given to the work of two previously unknown Nazi women authors, Ziska Luise Dresler Schember, who was honored during the Third Reich for her nationalistic, heroic ballads, which were quite the opposite of what Nazi literary policy dictated for women authors, and Johanna Birnbaum, whose initially pro-Nazi serialized novel slowly subverts party tenets as the installments progress. Finally, an appendix of women writers allows other scholars to determine quickly which women published in Jugend