Subject Area: Poverty

Of Love and Madness / Para Ahogar Un Loco Amor (1993): An Historical Novel About Córdoba, Argentina by Reyna Carranza, Translated from the Spanish with an Introduction by Graciela Lucero-Hammer
 Lucero-Hammer, Graciela
2008 0-7734-4928-0 136 pages
The first English translation of Reyna Carranza’s historical novel of dynastic decline in twentieth-century Argentina.

A Bilingual Anthology of Poems by Rubén Darío (1867-1916): Annotations and Facing Page Translations From Spanish Into English
 O'Connor-Bater, Kathleen Therese
2016 1-4955-0404-2 156 pages
This bilingual anthology of one of Latin Americas most distinguished poets, Rubén Darío (1867-1916), the Nicaraguan poet and founder of Hispanic modernism beautifully captures his expressive essence and his nuanced vocabulary. The facing page translations of his poetry are arranged in chronological order corresponding to the author’s age at the time of publication and will facilitate an understanding of Darío’s work to an English speaking audience.

A HISTORY OF THE CHARITY HOSPITALS OF LOUISIANA:
A Study of Poverty, Politics, Public Health and the Public Interest
 Roberts, Jonathan
2010 0-7734-3886-6 364 pages
This book is the first definitive, descriptive history of the Charity Hospital System of Louisiana, a story of how poverty, politics, public health, public interest, race, gender, and class, shaped the long history of one of the most storied public healthcare systems in the state and nation, to be published in a single volume. Over a period of more than 270 years, a total of ten charity hospitals were established in different venues of the state and evolved into one of the most celebrated public healthcare systems in the country.

Alegoría y Ironía Bajo Censura en la Argentina del Proceso (1976-1983)
 Favoretto, Mara
2010 0-7734-1292-1 404 pages
This text offers an analysis of how rhetorical strategies such as allegory, irony and symbolism, were employed by dissenting Argentine writers and singer-songwriters during the military dictatorship that seized power on March 24th 1976.

Author’s Abstract:
During the military coup in Argentina (1976 – 1983) a machinery of censorship was imposed. The state had a systematic plan of cultural repression and manipulation of public opinion. However, the dissident writers and lyricists examined in this study developed strategies of resistance that depended largely on allegory and irony. Some of the regime’s plans created the opposite result to that which was desired originally. In the musical sphere, what the authorities wanted to quash was fostered: through avoiding the diffusion of a certain type of music, what was opened up was a space that was quickly occupied by dissident music. By means of a detailed rhetorical analysis, this study is focused on the functioning of allegory, irony and symbolism under constrains of censorship.

Alexander Wheelock Thayer, the Greatest Biographer of Ludwig Van Beethoven: A Study in Nineteenth-Century American Music Criticism
 Bellofatto, Luigi D.
2011 0-7734-1496-7 536 pages
A biography of Alexander Wheelock Thayer which brings new insight into his study of the life of Beethoven.

Beyond Capitalism to Post-Capitalism. Conceiving a Better Model of Wealth Acquisition to Supersede Capitalism
 Baofu, Peter
2005 0-7734-6152-3 396 pages
Contrary to conventional wisdom about capitalism, the pervasive norm to acquire wealth and the zealous mission to fight poverty have their double sides often unsaid, in that there is no wealth without poverty, just as there is no poverty without wealth, such that more wealth also creates more poverty.

Braunschweig Scores - Felix Weingartner and Erich Leinsdorf on the First Four Symphonies of Beethoven
 Mitchell, Jon C.
2005 0-7734-6197-3 172 pages


Brazilian Short Story in the Late Twentieth Century. A Selection From Nineteen Authors
 Lopes, M. Angélica
2009 0-7734-4904-3 184 pages
The present volume contributes to the small corpus of Brazilian short fiction currently available in English.

Concordance to the Works of Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986). Argentine Author Vol. 1 (A-C)
 Isbister, Rob
1992 0-7734-9628-9 440 pages
A complete concordance to the works of Borges

CONTEXTO, ESTILO Y FORMA EN LA OBRA DE JORGE LUIS BORGES Y MANUEL PUIG
Ensayos
 Thon, Sonia
2011 0-7734-1392-8 164 pages
This study is focused on the contribution of Jorge Luis Borges and Manuel Puig to the formation of an Argentine linguistic identity in the twentieth century. In Spanish

Culture and Contradiction Dialectics of Wealth, Power and Symbol
 DeSoto, Hermine G.
1992 0-7734-1938-1 480 pages
Contributes to the development of research and theory in social anthropology generally and particularly in issues such as gender, class, poverty, power, dissent, kinship, ideology, linguistics, development anthropology, and urban anthropology. Geographical areas covered are Africa, Europe, Asia, and North America. Each contribution is original, offering the reader new cultural insights on an individual basis.

DEBT-POVERTY AS AN IMPEDIMENT TO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT:
An Economic and Political Analysis
 Bongyu, Moye Godwin
2008 0-7734-4951-5 224 pages
A comprehensive analysis of the linkages between debt, poverty, and underdevelopment.

This work examines how the debt-poverty entanglement aggravates the underdevelopment problem and efforts that have been made to enhance human development. It analyzes the most relevant variables including policy reforms, debt relief, pro-poor expenditures, economic growth, and debt and aid volumes which are expected to impact human development. Using control group interrupted time series design, this study empirically assesses the impact of the ongoing Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program on human development.
This book is essential to researchers, practitioners, and policymakers. It provides a knowledge base for future researchers interested in international aid, debt volume, debt relief, poverty alleviation, HIPC, and human development. It will serve as a guide to practitioners on how to better deal with the chronic problem of debt and poverty that beset developing countries. In addition, the discussions and scientific findings will provide feedback to national and international policymakers on measures to be taken to improve human development.

Dithmarschen, a Medieval Peasant Republic
 Urban, William Lawrence
1991 0-7734-9783-8 162 pages
Examines the existence of the Dithmarschen Republic (1227-1559), ruled by commoners who developed their own institutions, had their own written constitution, and successfully defended their political independence against the forces of Holstein, the combined powers of Schleswig and Holstein, and the united kingdom of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Argues that the unique characteristics of Dithmarschen are not unique. Concludes that the small size of the Republic finally prevented its survival due to a reluctance to dilute its sovereignty by associating more closely with neighboring states.

Dramatic and Theatrical Censorship of Sixteenth-Century New Spain
 Breining, Daniel
2002 0-7734-7004-2 300 pages
This work investigates the censorship of género chico dramas, pieces which were commonly used as a conversional and didactic tool in New Spain during the first decades of colonial rule. These small theatrical representations and dramatic texts are particularly insightful to the censorial policies as developed and implemented by the ecclesiastical and viceregal authorities of New Spain. The official and personal anti-theatrical and anti-dramatic dictates, as enforced in part by Archbishop Juan de Zumàrraga and the New World Inquisition, relied heavily upon the ideals of mimesis, education, and concern for subversion of the state. Because the works generally included the use of Nahuatl, the language of the newly conquered natives of the Anahuac valley, and were performed by the Indians without Spanish supervision, they feared potential insertion of indigenous elements. Along with the hybridized qualities found in many of the pieces, this work also looks at the criticism of viceregal policies as one more reason for censoring these works and reprimanding their authors, with examples taken from the works of Hernán González de Eslava, Juan Pérez Ramírez, and Cristóbal de Llerena.

El Humor En Las Novelas De Gabriel Garcia MÁrquez
 Davis, Maria
2012 0-7734-3063-6 468 pages
While writers such as Cervantes or Moliere could have written their works with humorous intentions, critics have a tendency to offer complex interpretations of their work that negate some of the fun they have. Nevertheless, there has been a trend in the last few years that authors previously considered pessimistic and tragic have been reimagined as comic writers. Márquez falls into this category, which depicts a difficult Latin American reality with humor and irony. He does this because he cannot fathom the continents actual historical events being portrayed using a realistic approach. As they say, fiction is far more interesting than reality. Because of this he employs hyperbole, employed through his famous technique of “magical realism”, which uses humor to create a release, or catharsis in the readers.

Employing the Grotesque as a Communication Strategy: The History of an Artistic Style
 Choi, Myung
2009 0-7734-3844-0 132 pages
This work examines the presence of the grotesque in fiction, plastic arts, and films, to interpret the postmodern artistic phenomenon. The Reader’s Response Theory is utilized in order to examine the relevance of the grotesque to one of the most important factors of postmodernism: the reader. The study analyzes the evolution of the grotesque and reveals different levels of grotesque imagery and its possible meanings in the works of three authors: Machado de Assis, Camilo José Cela, and Alejandra Pizarnik.

Estudios Sobre La Cuentistica De Juan Bosch
 Ossers, Manuel A.
2009 0-7734-3888-2 196 pages
Juan Bosch (1909-2001), president of the Dominican Republic in 1963, was a politician and writer. This work is a compilation of essays on the short stories of Juan Bosch (1909-2001). They include studies on cenesthesia, hyperbole, expressionism, impressionism, time, magic realism, myths, female characters in a social, political, and historical context; and children characters with their vital thematic and structural roles.

EXPLAINING WHY NATURAL RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT FAILS TO LIFT PEOPLE OUT OF POVERTY:
A Case of Africa
 De Silva, Nilani Ljunggren
2013 0-7734-4536-6 456 pages
Are resources being distributed only to make wealthy elites wealthier? How do the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Trade Organization foster a neo-liberal capitalist agenda that promotes wealth accumulation among these elites? The book looks at how this process can be stopped. It argues that resource distribution must benefit the people in a fair and even manner. The previous studies on this issue, mainly from the West, construct discourses and produce languages of poverty, or tribalism, arguing that these are the major factors contributing to civil conflict and underdevelopment. This book tries to look at how these factors can be overcome through responsible resource development.

Fervor Y Exilio En La PoÉtica De Humberto Costantini
 Fontanet, Hernán
2008 0-7734-5199-4 192 pages
This study examines the poetic compositions of Humberto Costantini, an Argentinean writer who died in 1987, after living in exile in Mexico for seven years. The author illustrates the mode in which Costantini approaches a contrasting conflict: his love for Buenos Aires and his wrenching and sorrowful distress for those things that were not possible. This book contains 28 black and white photographs and 14 color photographs.

Fuentes De La ImaginaciÓn HistÓrica En La Narrativa De Marcio Veloz Maggiolo
 Rodríguez-Henríquez, Rafael
2010 0-7734-1330-8 208 pages
This study examines four novels by Marcio Veloz Maggiolo. It reveals the fundamental sources used in these novels in constructing the concept of the “historical imagination”. The analysis shows that the traditional concept of “official history” is rejected to give rise to an eclectic view of the past that embraces scientific and philosophical knowledge, the voices of the marginalized “other”, folkloric manifestations, and the imaginative reflections of the characters and narrators. This book contains one color photograph.

Historias, Mitos Y Leyendas De La Laguna Blanca, Neuquen, Argentina: The Oral Memories of a Member of the Mapuche Tribe
 Perea-Fox, Susana
2011 0-7734-1609-9 208 pages
Narrated by Carlos Quilaqueo, and meticulously transcribed and analyzed by Perea-Fox and Iriarte, this collection of Mapuche stories is an invaluable resource for Mapuche cultural, literary, and anthropological studies.

This text is the most complete collection and first direct transcription of Mapuche oral histories, myths, and legends.

Hobo Life in the Great Depression
 Weideman, Edward C.
2005 0-7734-6024-1 236 pages
In an age when the discovery and publication of forgotten or unknown texts, and the rediscovery of neglected works, are helping to expand the canon of literature with all its distinctively American characteristics, the publication of Edward C. Weideman’s book is a significant event. His writing provides a classic expression of the American experience sometimes labeled in literary studies as “modernism,” which encompasses the early twentieth-century search for the meaning of life in an era of social and economic breakdown, characterized by a sense of loss of a stable, secure world based on a belief in and reliance on absolute truth. The hobo narrative achieves a vividness, authenticity, and directness which might be termed “virtue of location,” drawing the reader into a time warp of Chinatown in Chicago and later the small-town life of Midwestern America in the 1930s, placing it in the tradition of such writers as Walt Whitman, John Steinbeck, Willa Cather, Sinclair Lewis, and Hamlin Garland. The three short stories, written at a time when that genre was receiving increasing recognition as a serious art form, include a poignant tale of a teenager’s rite of passage through humiliation over his father’s perceived lack of education to a profound respect for his father’s wisdom and courage, a story about two old maids who hatch a plot against their ailing older brother that ends in a delightfully humorous final twist, and a macabre tale of a bizarre series of events, reminiscent of Poe.

HOW MINERAL BASED INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT MARGINALIZES AND DISPLACES PEOPLE IN INDIA
Three Case Studies
 Meher, Rajkishor
2010 0-7734-3784-3 308 pages
Focuses on the three giant steel plants of India set up in the mineral rich tribal regions during the 1950s and 1960s. The study provides an account of the adverse consequences of displacement faced by the people and their ecosystem as a whole. It compares the three steel plants in terms of policy and implementation of the rehabilitation of the displacees from which useful lessons can be drawn for the future.

How the Poor Adapt to Poverty in Capitalism
 Gilliatt, Stephen
2000 0-7734-7372-6 228 pages
Drawing on a diverse literature from psychology, sociology and history, this study traces the ways in which those most detrimentally affected by the operation of the capitalist market economy manage their circumstances. Borrowing, begging, stealing, repair, emigration, family budgeting, second economy activity, solace and release are all explored. They are shown to have timeless and universal qualities underestimated by the political right with their emphasis on the poor’s intellectual weakness or cultural deviancy, and by the left in the hope or expectation of resistance.

Illness, Poverty, and Abuse of Migrants on the Thai-Burma Border: The Vulnerability of a Displaced People
 Lehane, Leigh
2014 0-7734-3525-5 356 pages
A fascinating narrative that brings the plight of minority ethnic groups from Burma to life and grounds the theoretical concepts of social determinants of health by individualizing the human dimension of these vulnerable populations and highlighting their personal situations as well as their coping skills.


Imaginarios Literarios Políticos en el Brasileño Jorge Amado
 Nascimento dos Santos, Daiana
2012 0-7734-2590-X 168 pages
This book analyzes the influence and importance of the political convictions from the Brazilian writer Jorge Amado in the most representative phase of his literary career. The works presented in this book deal with social and political themes found within Amado’s novels from 1930-1950. More explicitly the book examines how Amado was influenced by communist ideology and employed literary strategies to legitimize his thought. In addition the book compares Amado’s representations of Brazilian people’s lives with political speeches during Getulio Vargas’ Estado Novo while providing a lumpenproletariat interpretation of socialist thought.

Imagining of Community in Works of Beethoven, Verdi, and Shostakovich. Musical Means for Envisioning Community
 Greene, David B.
2010 0-7734-4665-6 200 pages
This book takes up pieces of music that imagine community. These works do not illustrate concepts of community or make community an explicit theme. Nevertheless, the particular techniques and structure of each work project an imagining of community that is unique to the piece. Studying the pieces together lays the groundwork for re-imagining the relation of arts and society.

INCOME AND STATUS DIFFERENCES BETWEEN WHITE AND MINORITY AMERICANS: Persistent Inequality
 Chan, Sucheng
1990 0-88946-635-1 376 pages
Twelve studies that document the economic and social gaps that still exist between the white majority and racial minorities in the United States.

La Escritura De Mujeres En Puerto Rico a Finales Del Siglo XX Y Principios Del Siglo XXI
 Hidalgo de Jesus, Amarilis
2012 0-7734-2613-9 352 pages
The aim of the critical anthology La escritura de mujeres en Puerto Rico a fianles del Siglo XX y principios del XX!: Narradoras, cuentistas, cronistas, relatoras/Essays on Contemporaray Puerto Rican Writers is to discuss and expose the writings of Puerto Rican women writers within the context of the 20th century and 21st century literature of Puerto Rico and Latin America. The methodology applied by scholars to each author’s writing/s is eclectic. Each scholar has utilized different theoretical approaches within the frame of distinct women literary voices. The anthology counts with a variety of writing and literary styles that set apart from traditional literary writings. Essays, chronics, short stories, novels, and other narrative genres are represented. Each author has also explored in their writings different topics that range from social problems, history, women place in society, negritud (Black African culture), autobiography, and costume sketches, among other themes.

La Expresividad En La CuentÍstica De Juan Bosch / Expressiveness in Juan Bosch’s Short Stories: A Stylistic Analysis
 Ossers, Manuel A.
2010 0-7734-1382-0 356 pages
The purpose of this work has been to study the narrative of Juan Bosch from the point of view of stylistic analysis. Such an analysis allows for an in depth examination of the sensorial dynamics as the means of expression of the author. By taking a stylistic approach to Juan Bosch’s short stories, I have drawn conclusions on the relationship between the expressive means selected by Bosch and his intent when making such selections.

In Part I, I have studied the expression in terms of sensorial experience. I hope to have established the degree of effectiveness with which the author is able to transmit his sensations (and those of his characters as he wishes the reader to perceive them) by means of the images produced through the word.

In Part II, I have studied the expression in terms of the intentional intensification of the word or phrase. I hope to have demonstrated the fidelity and originality with which Bosch interprets the existential reality of his characters and the natural or social milieu in which it takes place. This work will be of interest to scholars of the literatures of the Dominican Republic, the Spanish Caribbean, and Latin American in general.

La Literatura Cambalachesca En La NovelÍstica De Osvaldo Soriano
 Hortiguera, Hugo
2008 0-7734-5180-3 304 pages
This study analyzes seven novels by the Argentine author Osvaldo Soriano (1943-1997), in order to produce a critical reading of the ways in which his fragmentary writing works toward subverting hegemonic models of nationalism. The author examines and describes this type of Argentine narrative dynamic characterized by the amalgam of diversity and lack of hierarchy in the textual space.

La Narrativa De Salvador Garmendia Más Allá De La Rázon
 Rodríguez, Yesenia M.
1997 0-7734-2215-3 108 pages
Salvador Garmendia is undoubtedly one of the most important Venzuelan and Latin American contemporary writers. He has been associated with the Latin American "boom" of the 60s along with Gabriel García Márquez, Carlos Fuentes, and Mario Vargas Llosa. Garmendia is said to be the first Venzuelan writer to leave behind the old regional patterns to incorporate in his writing the alienation of urban man. Garmendia's characters are not fighting against a powerful and devouring nature but rather against a dehumanizing city. Garmendia's short stories and novels contain excellent descriptions of the neurosis caused by city life and are distinguished for descriptive and blunt language. Carlos Fuentes has said that Garmendia is one of those writers who writes as object and subject, and his descriptions are born of his microscopic eye for detail. In Spanish.

La ReevaluaciÓn De La Figura De SimÓn BolÍvar En Las PostrimerÍas Del Siglo XX
 Cheng, William Joaquín
2007 0-7734-5377-6 200 pages
This book examines the ways in which contemporary novelists from Venezuela and Colombia have treated one of the most prominent nineteenth-century historical figures of South America, Simón Bolívar, the “Liberator”—also known as the founding father of their nations. The novels examined at length are Sinfonía desde el Nuevo Mundo (1990) by Germán Espinosa, Manuel Piar, caudillo de dos colores (1987) by Francisco Herrera Luque, El general en su laberinto (1989) by Gabriel García Márquez, La ceniza del Libertador (1989) by Fernando Cruz Konfly, and El insondable (1997) by Álvaro Pineda Botero. This book focuses primarily on the different kinds of fictional representation of this Latin American icon and the roles these modes of portrayal play in the ideologies at the end of the twentieth century. In Spanish

LA REVOLUCIÓN EN LA LITERATURA MEXICANA (How the 1968 Massacre of Tlatelolco Shaped the Development of Mexican Literature): A Study of the Intellectual Subject, Literary Genres, and Post-Modern Style
 Zavala-Garrett, Itzá
2017 1-4955-0537-5 224 pages
An intellectual history of the divisions and debates that arose among elite scholars in response to the tragedy of 1968. Work details the different literary genres that intellectuals have used to reflect on this event and its consequences. Written in Spanish.

Mario Benedetti, Autor Uruguayo ContemporÁneo: Estudios Sobre Su Compromiso Literario Y PolÍtico
 Dawes, Greg
2008 0-7734-5202-8 300 pages
This is an original collection of criticism on Mario Benedetti’s work covering his literary works, the major themes of his writing, cinematic interpretations of his works, and his political commitments. Consisting of ten essays, two homages, and two interviews by the most renowned critics on the author, this volume aims to bring Benedetti the international attention he richly deserves. In Spanish

MATHEMATICAL FORMULATION OF POVERTY INDEX
How We Measure Poverty in Different Nations Around the World
 Putcha, Chandrasekhar
2013 0-7734-1454-1 204 pages
This is a multidiscipline collection of articles by different authors working in diverse such fields such as: Sociology, Engineering, and Economics etc. Each author listed in this book has a solid research background and has made significant contributions in his/her own filed. Since poverty is of general interest to academicians ( especially those involved in teaching and research) as well as to pure researchers, the book is an optimal blend of various articles joined by the common theme of poverty.

The main point of the book is that, while it can be used by researchers to advance their research topic, it can also be easily understood by a general reader and utilized as a textbook in a classroom model. It is hoped that the readers from various cross sections of the society will find the book interesting and helpful in advancing their understanding of how the poverty index is measured from a global perspective.


Modal Ethos and Semiotics in Tonal Music. Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Schumann, Brahms, Massenet, Mahler and Debussy
 Tuttle, Marshall
2016 1-4955-0516-2 260 pages
This work examines a specific technical and expressive means by which the various ecclesiastical modes persisted and were integrated into compositional practices of the tonal period, from the time of Bach through to the early twentieth century. It is demonstrated that a technique of integrating modes into tonal music is not through the use of melodic or harmonic materials, but through modulation. Modulations can be drawn from and limited to those keys which derive from chords that exist in the modal scale of the final key of a composition. This leads to what can only be referred to as a kind of pseudo-diatonic chromaticism. Modulations are limited by a diatonic scale, but that scale is distinct from the major-minor scale system which characterizes the surface level musical activity of a composition. Hence the modulations are chromatic according to a given key, but individual keys visited are limited by a very traditional set of diatonic relationships among themselves.

Piano Teaching of Walter Hautzig, with 613 Examples From Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann, and Chopin
 Rice-See, Lynn
2008 0-7734-4981-7 312 pages
Examines the teaching of Professor Hautzig, which continues the Romantic piano tradition of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Europe, and stresses individuality allied with faithfulness to the score. This book contains four black and white photographs.

Poetry of Clara Eugenia Ronderos Seasons of Exile (estaciones En Exilio)
 Ronderos, Clara Eugenia
2015 1-4955-0284-8 116 pages
“This collection represents search for the past and an intellectual and sensual awareness of being in the present... Ronderos is a poet of utmost skill and sensitivity… The translations by Berg and Ronderos capture with expertise and artistry the sounds, images and ideas of the original Spanish wonderfully.” –Eileen Mary O’Connor, Professor of Spanish and English, Lesley University

Politica Y Literatura En La Obra De Antenor Orrego
 Pozada-Burga, Mario A.
2009 0-7734-4651-6 156 pages
This work examines the life and works of the Peruvian essayist Antenor Orrego (1892-1960). It analyzes aspects of his work, such as the beginning of the career of the great poet César Vallejo and his belief in Latin American unification. In Spanish.

Poverty and the Human Condition. A Philosophical Inquiry
 Jones, John D.
1990 0-88946-273-9 396 pages
The first full-scale philosophical investigation into the meaning of poverty. A conceptual and phenomenological analysis of poverty, undertaken (1) to pose poverty as a philosophical problem in the context of a philosophy of human existence, and (2) to analyze the conceptual framework in which poverty is interpreted in other disciplines.

Poverty, AIDS & Street Children in East Africa
 Lugalla, Joe L. P.
2002 0-7734-7106-5 360 pages


REACHING AND TEACHING CHILDREN WHO ARE VICTIMS OF POVERTY
 Duhon-Ross, Alice
1999 0-7734-7964-3 308 pages
The authors of this book are committed to providing information that will stimulate thinking and create a desire to change of the course of the educational infrastructure in an effort to save students who may be lost due to their life circumstances, such as lack of access to the technological equipment needed to help them develop appropriate skills to participate in the current classroom setting, and the difference in the background and life experiences of the ‘have-nots'.

Reading Issues of Wealth and Poverty in Luke- Acts
 Phillips, Thomas E.
2001 0-7734-7473-0 416 pages
This book applies Wolfgang Iser’s theories about the reading process to Luke-Acts in order to determine how reading these documents affects the reader’s understanding and behavior relating to issues of wealth and poverty which has two emphases. On one hand, the reader will understand that these documents advocate a renunciation of the desire for wealth and possessions. On the other hand the reader will understand that these documents advocate actions of generosity toward persons in need.

RELIEF AND RECOVERY IN POST CIVIL WAR SOUTH CAROLINA
A Death by Inches
 Hope, W. Martin
1997 0-7734-8437-X 356 pages
In this study of relief and recovery efforts in South Carolina after the Civil War, the emphasis is on people, and in particular on those people who seem to be excluded from, or barely mentioned in, the conventional studies of the era. By delving deep into the primary source material of the period, this study allows readers to discover an expanded past, one that for the most part has remained as 'hidden history.'

Royal Poorhouse in 18th Century Turin, Italy
 Moody, Margaret J.
2001 0-7734-7364-5 172 pages


Rural Livelihoods and Rural Development in South Africa. The Case of the Eastern Cape Province
 Phiri, Christopher
2014 0-7734-4369-X 388 pages
Draws on a broad phenomenological approach to understanding why the post-apartheid government’s top-down approaches has failed to alleviate poverty in South Africa. It provides an examination of the bottom-up approach to poverty alleviation by pointing out the vulnerability, capability and capacity of the rural people to cope and develop sustainable livelihoods approaches dependent on their available resources and networking relationships.

School Desegregation in the Twenty-First Century. The Focus Must Change
 Fife, Brian L.
1997 0-7734-8725-5 146 pages
This in-depth empirical examination of city versus metropolitan school desegregation is a significant addition to the literature on school desegregation policy. Chapter headings and topics include: The Supreme Court and School Desegregation Since 1896; Segregation and Poverty; Residential Segregation; Assessing the Status of School Desegregation (in-depth analysis of Indiana schools, political culture, electorate); City and Metropolitan School Desegregation (in four cities, two metropolitan areas, Jefferson County Public Schools); School Desegregation in the Hub; Racial Balance, Enrollment Patterns, Population Trends in the Boston Public Schools; A Metropolitan Remedy for Desegregating America's Public Schools; Notes and Bibliography.

Self-Destructive Affluence of the First World: The Coming Crisis of Global Poverty and Ecological Collapse
 Smith, Joseph Wayne
2010 0-7734-3620-0 288 pages
This study provides a comprehensive and scholarly introduction to the debate around global apocalypse. The work presents an up-to-date overview of global climatic change, while also addressing challenges from climate change skeptics. Issues discussed include, the limits of scientific knowledge, and the capacity for societies to adapt to environmental challenges.

SOCIAL CAPITAL AND INSTITUTIONS OF POVERTY REDUCTION IN AFRICA
 Aideyan, Osaore
2012 0-7734-4086-0 180 pages
There have been many books written about the issue of poverty in Africa. Most of them look at failed policies and criticize what does not work. This text looks at what does work, and outlines how to implement these effective policies. The question of credibility and strategic behaviors in institutions of poverty reduction is an area that needs to be addressed adequately and the author attempts to deal with it in a pragmatic way.

In the academic literature on designating effective institutions of poverty alleviation programs and policies in sub-Saharan Africa, it is rare to find direct assessments of the success of particular social policies and programs. In country after country, one is much more likely to see research on the failure of poverty reduction programs. Very often, contributors to the literature gravitate towards the presentation of raw numbers and figurers indicating that these policies and programs have failed and thus call for the discontinuation of such policies. Curiously, the most straightforward questions that many people outside of the development circle seem to want answered – such as, on what criteria are these conclusions reached, or what particular policies and programs have made a dent in poverty, are less popular in the discipline. This study focuses on the preconditions for success in poverty reduction programs. It proposes a framework which incorporates a mixture of social and political, as well as economic relationships, which these programs embody. Using evidence from original surveys of two micro-finance programs in Southern Nigeria, this policy evaluation study attempts from the standpoint of institutional and social capital theories to accomplish two goals: first, to fill the gaps in the literature by developing an evaluation framework emphasizing institutional design features and a strong network of relationships which lower costs for beneficiaries and providers; and second, to provide critical input for the policy task of designing effective institutions of poverty reduction programs.

Surrealismo En La Poesia de Xavier Villaurrutia, Octavio Paz,y Luis Cernuda. Mexico (1926-1963)
 Edelman, Olivia Maciel
2008 0-7734-4946-9 224 pages
Analyzes how Mexican Surrealist poets Villaurrutia, Paz, and Cernuda employed surrealist metaphors not primarily as a means of semantic dissonance, but to bring together antithetical or complementary states.

THE CHANGING FACES OF CHILEAN POETRY
A Translation of Avant Garde, Women’s, and Protest Poetry
 Herron, Sandra
2008 0-7734-5063-7 144 pages
This study is devoted to illustrating the translations of selected Chilean poets to provide resources for scholars interested in Chilean poetry, history, and culture. Incorporating various elements of translation theory the author takes into account the continuous interaction of linguistic, cultural, and historical elements.

Theology of Handel’s Messiah, Beethoven’s Credo, and Verdi’s Dies Irae
 Greene, David B.
2012 0-7734-2589-6 120 pages
In pieces of music set to biblical or liturgical texts, the musical connections of one passage or one movement to one another. In a musical sense, these texts have a meaning and significance that can be and often distinct from the meanings achieved by syntactic relationships. Sometimes the syntactic meanings are lost in the musical repetitions and overlapping entries of many voices; in the case of texts for different movements, syntactic relations often simply do not exist. Consequently, the music does not merely parallel or illustrates the text’s theological meaning or guide an affective response to an already familiar contemplation of God and the Divine presence in the world. Rather, it relates the texts’ images to one another in a specific and particular way and achieves a theological coherence that is distinctive to the particular piece. The book carries out this approach in analyzing three works of sacred music: The Christmas portion of Handel’s Messiah, the Credo of Beethoven’s Mass in D, and the Dies Irae of Verdi’s Requiem. The analyses show how the composers’ melodic, harmonic, and structural events work on and determine the ideas and images in the texts. The goal is to point to the “heard analogy” that becomes available when listeners pay attention to the musical relationships and their impact on the contemplation of God.

Transforming Story of Dwelling House Savings and Loan - A Pittsburgh Bank’s Fight Against Urban Poverty
 Wauzzinski, Robert A.
2003 0-7734-6627-4 304 pages
Dwelling House is a savings-and-loan bank located in the inner city of Pittsburgh, called the Hill. This study chronicles its forty-year fight on behalf of Hill residents and others to increase home ownership and reverse urban decay and crime. Dwelling House shows how the marriage of ethical principles with a more holistic social philosophy can deeply transform urban America.

Translation of William of Ockham’s Work of Ninety Days. Vol. 1
 Kilcullen, John
2001 0-7734-7528-1 496 pages
This was Ockham’s first major work in a twenty-year campaign against Pope John XXII. It is a critical commentary on the Pope’s document Quia vir reprobus. It includes a thorough discussion of the place of voluntary poverty in religious life, the place of property in civil life, and its relation to natural rights and human law.

WESTERN CULTURAL SYMBOLS IN LATIN AMERICAN AND CHICANO LITERATURE
An Historical and Semiotic Analysis
 Breining, Daniel
2010 0-7734-1301-4 288 pages
This book explains the fundamentals of semiotic theory (the study of signs), and applies it to more than twenty works by a dozen Latin American and Mexican American authors. Using a post-modernist interpretation of signs, Breining makes the point that there exists a relationship of the privileged and disenfranchised within Latin America and Chicano literature. Covering a span of more than five hundred years, from pre-Hispanic times to the late twentieth century, Breining demonstrates how the signs found with the literature of each period of Latin American history, define social interactions, cultural anomalies, and political situations.

What Welfare Reform Says About the United States of America. Values, Government Bureaucracy, and the Expansion of the Working Poor
 Welch, Lisa C.
2009 0-7734-4698-2 408 pages
The study examines in-depth the “work first” Welfare-to-Work Grants program as it was implemented in a state that provided relatively generous subsides to low-income workers. The analysis engages in scholarly debates regarding persistent poverty, social welfare policies, and the efficacy of traditional theories of political economy.

Why Sub-Saharan Africa is Mired in Poverty: The Consequences of Misrule
 Effeh, Ubong
2008 0-7734-5149-8 380 pages
This interdisciplinary critique is an attempt to move the debate over Africa’s economic plight beyond the traditional focus of ‘externalities,’ informed by the author’s belief that the region will only develop if critical attention is focused on its core impediment. The author proposes a way forward based on the oft-forgotten human rights instrument. In doing so, the discourse transcends the realms of economics into the domain of law - with its traditional emphasis on rights and obligations.