Subject Area: Political Science
This study explores and the shifting modes of politics in nine African countries as manifested in transitions from colonialism to political independence. Utilizing various theoretical approaches, the work interrogates the conjecture of change and continuity with a view to evaluating the depth of political reform, its impact and prospects.2004 0-7734-6480-8
This case study provides insight regarding the manner in which African American county officials, most distinctly in rural communities that have predominant black population, set their political agenda and make decisions. It is unique in that the author, because of her work in the community and extensive fact-to-face interviews conducted, is able to present the voice of the African American county officials. Additionally, the study examines the traditional models of black political thought that have informed the agendas of most African American leaders in this country. It brings to light the extreme barriers that the officials are up against to improve the lives of blacks in the rural southern community.2002 0-7734-7122-72010 0-7734-3832-7
The primary audience of this work will be scholars who study judicial process and behavior at the federal level of government. The data cover in excess of 205 years of American history. No comprehensive work on this subject has ever been published.2002 0-7734-6917-6
This book offers the ‘preventive process’ as the more practical avenue toward the prevention of aggression from which the prevention of war can follow. This process includes the redesigning of defence policy objectives and the building of an Integrated Defence System from which an Integrated Defence Strategy can be developed. It recommends that Canada and the United States in NORAD should develop a strategy in which three basic defence policy choice-options, ‘Defend, Deter or Fight,’ can be fully integrated.
Includes articles on land tenure, land relations, and the regulations of the land market in Austria, Australia, Africa, Bulgaria, Hungary, Great Britain, Germany, Greece, Kazakhstan, Daghestan, Canada, Latin America, Norway, Russia, the United States, Poland, Finland, Estonia, Switzerland, and Rumania. The encyclopedia is presented in both Russian and English, with facing-page translation.2012 0-7734-3065-2
In doing field work and observing Tea Party rallies, Eger discovered that the majority of its members were fiscally conservative, but socially liberal. This caused many divisions and splintering amongst its members, because its agenda was divided between social conservatives and progressives. This explains the rapid decline of its prominence since 2010. Even though the mainstream media (especially Fox News) wants to depict it as socially conservative, the biggest factions tend to be more liberal in the ‘culture war’ areas. This also shows just how out of touch the media usually is with grassroots organizers.1991 0-88946-729-3
Begins with a general introduction dealing with the turn of the century, then studies the anarchist movement and the political participants, the plot to assassinate the emperor, the activities of the police, the trial, and finally the philosophy of anarchism and the minor participants in this affair. Sets in perspective the issue of governmental control of deviant political behaviour in Japan.2004 0-7734-6496-4
Asymmetrical power relationships are found throughout Pakistan’s Punjabi and Pukhtun communities. These relationships must be examined as manifestations of cultural continuity rather than as separate structures. The various cultures of Pakistan display certain common cultural features which suggest a re-examination of past analytical divisions of tribe and peasant societies. This book looks at the ways power is expressed, accumulated and maintained in three social contexts: kinship, caste, and political relationships. These are embedded within a collection of ‘hybridising’ cultures. Socialisation within kin groups provides the building blocks for Pakistani asymmetrical relationships, which may be understood as a form of patronage. As these social building blocks are transferred to non-kin contexts, the patron/client aspects are more easily identified and studied. State politics and religion are examined for the ways in which these patron/client roles are enacted on much larger scales but remain embedded within the cultural values underpinning those roles.2002 0-7734-7275-4
This book examines political economy through the eyes of a philosopher. The framework for analysis is a materialistic and naturalistic one based on logical considerations, identified with a Western philosophical tradition which stretches from Epicurus to Aquinas to Rousseau to the contemporary anti-Hegelian reaction of Feuerbach, Marx and Della Volpe. It builds an original philosophical approach, analyzes economic doctrines from the point of view of their logical shortcomings, producing a highly original view of the relationship between capitalist culture and political economy, and sketching an alternative political economy, concrete-based, historical and taxonomic.2000 0-7734-3193-42008 0-7734-5150-1
This book showcases exciting new trends in Corbusian scholarship. The authors, an international group of architectural historians, draw analogies between Le Corbusier’s machine à habiter
and twentieth-century political and social movements such as Italian and German Fascism and the multi-national New Woman Movement. This book contains twenty black and white photographs and five color photographs.2008 0-7734-5051-3
The first monograph to devote itself to the ideology of the Young German Order, this work affords a closer examination of the role ideas played in the development of Weimar political culture as charted through the ideological clash of the Young German Order and Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Party. This book contains eleven black and white photographs.
Between 1830 and 1875, the city of Narbonne and its hinterland would experience the growth of a bourgeois opposition movement during the July Monarchy, repeated confrontations between republicans and their opponents during the Second Republic, the creation of an organized popular republican movement during the Second Empire, and the eruption of the insurrectionary Commune of Narbonne during the spring of 1871. These episodes were not only marked by clashes between republicans and their adversaries but also by an ongoing debate within the republican movement itself over the precise meaning of its ideology, one that provoked an irreparable division among republicans by the time of the Commune. In particular, the development of the concept of the république démocratique et sociale among the popular class of the Narbonnais, a political ideal born of the concrete experiences of ordinary people during the Second Republic and Second Empire, would increasingly be at odds with the more moderate republicanism of their erstwhile social superiors and seriously divide the movement by the spring of 1871. The purpose of this book is to trace the trajectory of this long-term political evolution and explain why the Commune of Narbonne represented both its culmination and frustration.
This work is a historical analysis and examination of the reasons that cause politicians switch parties and how parties handle or punish apostasy.2013 0-7734-4517-X
Security issues in Southeast Europe are tricky because the region has been in turmoil for many years. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) stands out as a likely counterweight to the local problems that have plagued the region, and could serve as a stabilizing force. The book focuses on counter-terrorism measures that can be taken in Southeast Europe, specifically by NATO allies in the region.
NATO has played an important role in Southeast Europe in the post-Cold War years. Their brief and selective bombing operation in 1995 helped bring the Bosnian War to a conclusion and the participants to the Dayton Conference. In 1999, their more extensive bombing campaign halted Serb incursions into the Yugoslav Republic of Kosovo. In addition, the Partnership for Peace (PfP) program eventually included most of the states in the region. While there has been no direct involvement of NATO in the Black Sea region, both Georgia and Ukraine have at times made serious bids for membership, as PfP members. Creation of the NATO-Russia Council makes that important nation part of the dialogue as well. The central argument of the book focuses on the thesis that NATO involvement in both regions can be a significant factor that contributes to prospects for security in the area.2005 0-7734-6112-4
Carl Schmitt is one of the most contentious political theorists of the twentieth century. His complicity in Nazi Germany left him discredited yet he has continued to attract widespread attention as an insightful, if flawed, critic of the modern democratic order and its global ambitions. His assertion that ‘whoever invokes humanity is trying to cheat’ has been revived as a indictment of western especially American, intervention in the affairs of other countries. As a German philosopher Jürgen Habermas has noted Schmitt’s arguments potentially have a fatal appeal in the contemporary world. The essays in this volume explore related aspects of Schmitt’s arguments against intervention, about the concept of the enemy, political myth, occupation and the global order. In the light of the so-called war on terrorism, the occupation of Iraq and widespread hostility to American foreign policy, these arguments have gained new vitality, yet they are ultimately deceptive. This book examines both the reasons for the appeal of Schmitt’s arguments and the reasons why we should reject them.
How is citizenship and co-existence in diverse societies possible? This book endeavors to demonstrate that the links between belongings and memberships should be a central consideration in any attempt to answer this crucial question. Citizenship, understood as a form of membership, does not always seem to overlap with the existing forms of belonging. To provide a solid interdisciplinary basis for theorizing the links between belongings and memberships in contexts of diversity, this volume brings together the conceptual and methodological tools of political theory, social theory, history, political science, and sociology. In this book, scholars with unique competencies share their knowledge on the topic and provide novel angles for thinking about citizenship and co-existence in diverse societies.
Election 2000 made America aware that its voting system was rife with problems. In a country that prides itself on its self-governing ability, Election 2000 pointed to a crack in the foundation of the mechanism by which the majority of those who participate in the political process chose their leaders.
Since the Bush vs. Gore decision chartered the course of history in America, scholars and practitioners alike have struggled to arrive at a comprehensive plan of attack for improving the voting process. The President has signed into law a reform measure enacted by the United States Congress that is being billed as a sweeping bi-partisan effort to effectuate that change. The question is, will America really see a significant and fundamental improvement in the voting process, one that ensures the equal protection of voting rights for all of its citizens?
This book analyses electoral reforms in America in the context of the larger picture of public policy theory, specifically that represented by an incrementalist paradigm. Given that the current congressional reform measure is based on a set of ideological compromises, the likelihood that it will result in sweeping change is doubtful. It is more likely that this is a cosmetic attempt to resolve a systematic problem. Still, the measure has some features that could serve to enhance our democratic system of governance.
The main purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive description and critical analysis of the Chinese commune experiment for the understanding of contemporary China. The focus is on the period from 1958 when the commune system was first introduced to the mid-1960s when it was drastically modified. The book covers the background of the commune system, its structure, administration and leadership. The militia force, thought regimentation, mass education and social changes in the communes are examined in great deal. The urban communes are also investigated thoroughly. The Chinese commune was a very controversial system when it was introduced in 1958. It caused disputes in the communist countries and concern in the free world. Its eventual failure and abolition have had a significant impact on China’s internal development, world communist movement and the approach to nation-building in the developing countries. This book is the most detailed in depth study of the Chinese commune system available in the Western world.
This study examines the scientific evidence relating to “abrupt” or “dangerous” climate change and explores the social, political, legal and philosophical significance of this evidence. The authors locate the “climate crisis” within the context of a wider crisis of civilization, consisting of a series of converging threats to human survival. There will need to be major changes to human living and thinking, including an abandonment of the idea that unending economic growth and a philosophy of consumer hedonism are compatible with the idea of an ecologically sustainable society.2005 0-7734-6101-9
The St. Louis Smith Case, “James Forest et al. v United States” offers a case study of the United States governmental campaign against state and local American Communists in microcosm. The indictments and arrests of CPUSA-Missouri members in 1952, their subsequent prosecution and convictions, and the ultimate reversal of those convictions closely mirror the “second-string” prosecutions at the national level.
The case of “James Forest et. al. v United States” is complex and multifaceted. The question of whether the defendants violated the Smith Act was only a small piece of the entire puzzle. The very legitimate questions of constitutional and civil liberties involved in the case were juxtaposed against an equally strong concern for the protection of an open society against those who understood to be seeking the destruction of that society. The larger question was whether American society could take steps to impair or hinder a movement whose existence was considered inimical to the national interest. First Amendment guarantees, national security concerns and ideological questions jumbled together in an uneasy co-existence in St. Louis during the 1950s, just as they did in the larger society. The St. Louis Smith Act Case, “James Forest et. al. v United States” is the focus of this inquiry.
This work utilizes a wise range of sources, both primary and secondary. It makes substantial use of official court records, U.S. Justice Department Files, and materials from the United States National Archives. In addition, many materials from the Harry S. Truman and Dwight David Eisenhower Presidential Libraries are also employed. The secondary literature on American Communism, the Post-World War II world and the McCarthy era is vast and is thoroughly examined. The literature is supplemented by a review of period journalism in the form of newspapers and periodicals.
The student of American political history will observe that “James Forest et. al. v United States” was a prototypical Smith Act prosecution. The St. Louis case encapsulated many of the elements that marked the first American Communist prosecutions and mirrored the other state level prosecutions of the CPUSA leadership. A close examination of the case offers a priceless insight into the primary elements common to all of the state and local Smith Act cases. A study of “James Forest et. al. v United States” presents a portal through which to view the sociocultural standards of the American Midwest during the 1950s. This work will prove itself an important contribution to social, cultural, political and legal history.1994 0-7734-9414-6
Focussing on political and ideological aspects, the author presents an organic synthesis of the Party's life, organization, and internal political debates. Party ideology is analyzed in close reference to Soviet Communism and the European Communist movement. The analysis is based on a wealth of archival materials, documents issued by the Party through its conferences, press, and the writings and memoirs of its leaders. The study makes extensive use of the material in the collections of the former Central Archive of the Central Committee of the Unified Polish Workers' Party in Warsaw. This work is the first organic study on the topic to appear in English.2008 0-7734-5109-9
This book explores the tension between American desires for Europeans to share more of the defense burden without having to give up its leadership role and the European desires for greater defense autonomy without having to devote more resources toward military capabilities. It addresses the inadequacies of systemic international relations theories in explaining why the US supported a potentially competitive system with NATO. In addition, the study focuses on variables at the domestic level, such as fragmented political systems, divergent threat perceptions, and international relations in explaining US behavior toward European defense systems during these two discrete periods of time.2010 0-7734-3727-4
This book makes an innovative contribution to the field of retirement income security in three distinctive ways. First, it seeks to develop a sophisticated philosophical rationale for the social dimension, in the context of retirement. Such a rationale is frequently implicit in much of the relevant literature, and where explicit, is often crudely developed. Second, it seeks to identify robustly the ways in which specific forms of privatisation promote outcomes that are consistent with the social dimension, whilst acknowledging the possibility of market failure. Third, it seeks to provide an agenda for reform, based on robustly developed normative arguments, and a careful appraisal of the evidence.
This compilation serves as a major resource for faculty and students interested in the development of the Texas Constitution. Unlike the 'Living' United States Constitution which is short, general, and elastic, and can change through interpretation, the Texas Constitution today is a long, detailed, and restrictive document that can only change through formal amendments. Its 377 amendments to the 1876 document are placed in the body of the text and replace text made obsolete by the amendments. The reader of the current version thus sees only the updated text and not the deleted passages. This book presents a compiled version in different fonts so that the reader can compare the original to the current version. The introduction analyzes present-day conclusions about the Texas Constitution.2006 0-7734-5581-7
This book offers an innovative and distinctive analysis of the Conservative Party Leadership of John Major. Based on original research, this book addresses the absence of an in depth exploration of the much maligned, but largely misunderstood, Conservative Party Leadership tenure of John Major. The majority of academic publications of the Major era have been located within a broader analysis of the ideology of Thatcherism and the politics and policies of the Thatcher governments. By examining the Major era from an intra-party management perspective, this book examines the constraints imposed upon post-Thatcherite Conservative Party leadership. It argues that the collapse of the Conservative Party in the post-Thatcherite era should be attributed to an insoluble ideological schism over European integration and a diminishing parliamentary majority, as opposed to the inadequacies of John Major as leader of the Conservative Party. Constituting a comprehensive yet accessible evaluation of the complexity of managing the tensions of the post-Thatcherite Conservative Party, this book breaks new ground in an area that has been largely neglected. It provides a compelling insight into the crisis of contemporary British Conservatism.
This study presents a fresh look at a vexing question confronting policy makers in emerging democracies – how to finance growth. It captures the institutional and policy choices governments make to access private market financing, closing a gap in understanding the relationship between credible fiscal policy commitments and public finance capacity. It analyzes data in three cases: Argentina, Chile, and Mexico. It will be of interest to scholars in the fields of international political economy, comparative public policy, international finance, and Latin American studies.
Unlike the existing literature on public sector reform which utilizes the Weberian-control model, a networking system, or performance and results-oriented criteria to explain the cause and context of public reform in the Caribbean, this work applies game theory.2002 0-7734-6932-X
2010 0-7734-1444-42006 0-7734-5729-1
The story of the Irish Labour Party’s transition from opposition to support for European integration is a fascinating one. Labour has gone from leading the campaign against membership in 1972 to leading the campaign to rescue the Treaty of Nice in 2002, a thirty-year political odyssey which sheds light on a number of important political questions. This book explores the key role played by political parties in connecting citizens to the European Union (EU), and as the EU tries to strengthen its democratic credentials, that role is going to become even more important.
It explores the complex relationship between Ireland and the EU, as the country moves from being outside the EU to one of its strongest supporters to surprisingly rejecting the Treaty of Nice. It examines the links between social democracy and European integration, as the Labour Party’s transition mirrors the path taken by many other European social democratic parties.
Above all, the book provides a comprehensive analysis of the Labour Party, examining its role in government and in opposition, assessing it at national and European levels, and evaluating its principles and policies. The result is an engaging and insightful treatment of an important and thought-provoking topic. 2006 0-7734-5900-6
This book represents an innovative socio-scientific methodology of the study and application of relational epistemology as the field of unity of knowledge to an applied domain of academia and practice – socioeconomic development planning. The Sultanate of Oman, an oil-rich country by the Arabian Gulf, is taken as a case-study using the lens of relational epistemology to analyze the country’s development plans and to quantitatively examine and develop policy recommendations while studying the prevailing ones. The approach of the book overarches interdisciplinary domains of philosophy of science, systems dynamics, mathematical modeling and quantitative analysis. This book should interest a cross-section of informed readers. Most important among these will be scholars of many vintages of interests and practitioners in development planning.1996 0-7734-8864-2
Bernays was elected to the House of Commons in 1931, at the age of 29. This archive material consists of weekly letters and diary entries. These provide unvarnished portraits of the 'big guns' of the government and social milieu: Ramsey MacDonald (whom he called a 'nincompoop'), Baldwin, Anthony Eden, Hoare, Churchill, Chamberlain. He covers the Abdication crisis in full, and strain of the coming war and Chamberlain's policy of appeasing Hitler. Just about every leading personality and issue of the day is discussed. The personal side is also included. His social life included frequent visits at Lady Astor's Cliveden, and he knew Bernard Shaw, Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Noel Coward, Diana Cooper, Lord Halifax, etc. He was a frequent guest of the society hostesses Sybil Colefax, Lady Londonderry, and Lady Cunard. There is an 'I am a camera' feel to the material. His abilities as witness and observer give the material its edge and make it an invaluable source of information for scholars and political historians.2005 0-7734-6020-9
This book discusses the nature of culture in a global era. In our era of increasing disjuncture and disparity, a new understanding of culture is needed to aid us in bridging ethnic and religious gaps. Alain Locke (1885-1994) believed that it was possible to attain world peace and order without one group of people imposing itself on the others. To achieve this, he gave a new definition of culture and society, which the author calls transcultural. This book explores Alain Locke’s ideas and how he anticipated transcultural societies as a means of attaining world peace and order.
Transculturality describes primarily the process through which cultures intermix with and borrow from one another; it describes the latent, steady transformation of an idea from place of birth to elsewhere until it no longer recognizes or belongs exclusively to that place of birth. It is Elvis Presley taking Rock and Roll out of the Black ghetto, or Eminem “whitewashing” rap; it is Dave Brubeck handling jazz as ingeniously as Seiji Ozawa conducts Beethoven’s Ode to Joy; it is the Apostle Paul taking Christianity out of its Jewish origins unto the Gentile world. Whenever an idea is denaturalized, taken out of its nativity, it no longer belongs specifically to that place; it crosses boundaries, aiming to become universal.
Transculturality is a relatively new term in cultural discourse. Alain Locke never used it, yet his life and his works all point to and derive their force from the believe that cultures are not tied to some form of life that already exists and is always defined by reference to some kind of essence. Races and cultures are not constants. Rather, they are variables; they are ‘important aspects of human society.’ Races and cultures originate in time and are born out of continuous interpenetration into and merging with others.
This book seeks to provide an examination of the history and consequences of the atomic legacy of St. Louis and the Metro-East by appealing to historians, WWII enthusiasts, environmentalists, as well as individuals interested in domestic and international nuclear policy. Dating back to the beginning of the “Atomic Age,” 2.5 million cubic yards of radioactive wastes have been dispersed throughout the St. Louis area. This waste resulted from atomic weapons work carried out by Mallinckrodt Chemical Works for the US government under secret contract. Between 1942 and 1966, over 300,000 tons of uranium had been processed in the downtown St. Louis and Weldon Spring plants. While bits and pieces of information regarding the atomic legacy of St. Louis can be found on a number of internet sites and in a few historical accounts of the Manhattan Project, to date there has been no comprehensive study of the secret contracting effort that made Mallinckrodt Chemical Works one of the most important contributors to the atomic bomb project. Nor has there been adequate discussion of the long-term consequences of this atomic program on the health and environment of the community.
In contrast to the 1951 Geneva Convention’s purposes, not all the post-1990 national asylum determination systems are devised to help refugees, or merely to test the truths of asylum claims, but also in order to determine asylum seekers’ legitimacy as potential citizens. This book focuses on the conceptual and empirical links between citizenship and asylum and seeks to discover legal and institutional tools for detaching asylum from citizenship.
These essays explain and evaluate the experience of democracy in recent years, considering the historical, economic, cultural, and social factors that aided its re-emergence, as well as the continued poverty and inequality in the region that challenge it.2008 0-7734-5203-6
This study examines the social and cultural causes of the decline in political theater in Venezuela during the second half of the twentieth century. The author focuses primarily on the following representative plays: La trampa de los demonios
(1977) by César Rengifo, La guerrita de Rosendo
(1976) by Gilberto Pinto, La farra
(1974) and La empresa perdona un momento de locura
(1978) both by Rodolfo Santana.2010 0-7734-1379-0
This book uses national accounting approach anchored in multivariate analysis and descriptive statistics connected to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology to analyse oil and gas depletion and environmental damage costs and the factors responsible for the change from 1961 to 2000. This book contains two color photographs.2004 0-7734-6358-5
This book explains how environmentalism was firmly established on the political agenda of the United States in the second half of the twentieth century aided and abetted by the efforts of two brothers who were public servants. Making use of the papers Stewart L. Udall and “Mo” Udall in the Morris K. Udall Archives at the University of Arizona also enabled the author to utilize the concept of the political family elucidated by Donn M. Kurtz II in Kinship & Politics (1987), in this case with the focus on two brothers, one of whom served thirty years in the U.S. House of Representatives as the direct successor of his slightly older brother who served for eight years as the Secretary of the Interior. A major feature of the volume is its employment of environmental policy papers maintained at the Edmund S. Muskie Archives at Bates College in Lewiston, Maine.2009 0-7734-4879-9
This book presents an account of ethical decision-making from a consequentialist perspective where a fairness constraint is placed on a utilitarian ethical theory. The work begins by analyzing both the perspective and descriptive content and the concepts of ‘what is fair’ and ‘what is best.’ The concept of ‘fairness’ is then analyzed along completely consequentialist lines and a constraint, based on this analysis, is placed on a version of negative cooperative utilitarianism which is developed in detail.
This book constitutes a pioneering project aimed at constructing a conceptual framework for integrating the normative, conceptual, theoretical, and applied aspects of development within mainstream philosophy. The goal is not just to provide a morally sound code of ethics for the guidance of professionals, but to provide ethical justification for social and economic development in Third World countries.
Drawing on ancient and contemporary ethical theories, this book discusses how to improve the lives of people suffering from poverty, undernourishment, and underdevelopment. The goal of the book is to transform the Third World and the world at large into a more charitable, giving community of concerned and ethical citizens who take care of each other. The author attempts to lay the groundwork for a new philosophical sub-field - the Ethics of Development. He does this by turning to Kant, Aristotle, Plato, Rawls, Dewey, and Popper, who have all started to approach this subject in their work.2004 0-7734-6567-7
This work of political theory traces, for the first time in a book-length work, the critical development of the idea of creativity in politics through the intellectual relationship of Simone Weil and Albert Camus. Assessing their separate but complementary attempts to bring aesthetic considerations of beauty and order to bear on an ethical conception of political life, the book calls into question both a purely aestheticized picture of reality and postmodern tendency to see reality as a discontinuous discourses by emphasizing that which Weil and Camus believed the activities of labor and art share in common: the capacity and obligation to transform our perspective while respecting our physical and metaphysical limits. Taken together, the work of Weil and Camus offers a prelude to the formulation of a self-consciously creative form of citizenship, critically respectful of established forms of political discourse and being, but willing to supplement or replace outdated forms with more appropriate ones. In this comparative analysis, creativity emerges as a basic reorientation to political phenomena. Their emphasis on the creative forces the analysis beyond their critiques of totalitarianism, where works on their political thought usually focus, revealing a shared need to assert a positive, non-dogmatic vision of political action. The creative suggests a temperament, extant in the work of the artist and in a re-conceived notion of labor, that both Weil and Camus believed could be usefully applied to the problems of modern politics.
This book is a comparative study of European related national news discourses of two countries of the European Union: Britain and Italy. The central hypothesis of the study is that specific historical, cultural and political factors are powerful determinants of the differences in commitment toward the European project of both news media and political cultures and have led to different formulations of Europe. It argues that the Italian nation-state and national identities are inclusive at some levels of a European identity, whereas the British state and national identities are on the whole exclusive of a European identity. This underlies the predominant negativity of British media news discourses on the question of Europe and of the European Community in particular.
The study looks at the formation of national identities; the ways Britain and Italy have developed broadcasting and its role in constructing a national audience, and contains an analysis of the language and the visual representations of the Maastricht event and the implications of a united Europe.2015 0-7734-3503-4
This study is concerned with European micro-states and their continual survival in the international system. Micro-states are sovereign states with populations up to one million people. The study of micro-states is much neglected within the discipline of International Relations and yet there are a wide number of very small states in the contemporary international system. The existence of micro-states raises a number of serious questions involving the granting of statehood, recognition of sovereignty and the ability of micro-states to maintain their presence in the international system.
This study begins with some background into small state theories, writings on micro-states and debates concerning sovereignty. It is argued that being sovereign members of the international system does not fully explain the extantism of the micro-states but that a functional account can. A theory of disfunctionality is outlined prior to a review of empirical evidence in support of this framework.
It is argued that a functional account of the state is central to the survival of European micro-states. In particular, it is suggested that micro-states ‘contract-out’ important state functions to others in the international system to ensure their continued survival. From this proposition, a theory of disfunctionality is outlined. This theory incorporates a functional matrix of statehood, the impact of small size upon states, dependency upon others and that the logic of appropriateness is in play for the micro-states.
The conclusion indicates that it is possible to identify three types of states in the contemporary system: functional states, dysfunctional states and non-function states. The final part of the study also suggests that the question of statehood is somewhat erratic and that a proliferation of micro-states may be expected in the 21st century.2002 0-7734-7238-X
This study argues that it is only through its epistemological perspective that nationalism can be properly analyzed. It goes on to offer such an analysis, utilizing the work of Jacques Lacan. This study contents that the captation of the self by a reflected, two-dimensional image of that self is the sine qua non of the epistemology of nationalism, as a sense of group selfhood is defined performatively through this process. The strong connections between nationalism and religion are examined Finally, the supposed difference between political nationalism and ‘cultural nationalism’ is interrogated.2008 0-7734-5077-7
This book analyzes how European countries have been able to embark on the integration process and develop regional external relations through the European Union (EU) Community institutions. By defining the parameters of the concept offoreign policy applied to the case of the European Union, the study argues that there is a strong relationship between international crises and the development of the institutions, instruments and practices of EU Foreign Policy.
This sociological study examines the relationship between a society’s economy and the social structures that underpin it.2009 0-7734-4773-3
This study analyzes and evaluates major elements of the careers of four dissidents who were opposed to the socialist systems under which they lived. It focuses on the main events in their lives, their most significant contributions, the influence they wielded, as well as the substantive adjustments in outlook they made after their early optimism about the prospects of “existing socialism” disintegrated due to disillusionment about, and rejection of, its guiding policies.
This work outlines an accessible framework for the current and future exploration of a sustainable development. The work explores sustainable development from the global and the local levels of analysis.
2003 0-7734-6589-82010 0-7734-1331-6
This study describes the geopolitical importance of Azerbaijan’s natural resources.
The argument presented includes both empirical data as well as expert opinions from diplomats.2010 0-7734-3754-1
This study employs Gramscian theory as an interpretive grid in examining the use of Christianity by European colonizers to facilitate their oppression of Africans on the continent and in diaspora. The work clarifies how the western powers utilized their religion in North America, Ghana, South Africa, and Kenya to justify their exploitation of Blacks and how many Africans, as Christian converts, assisted them to accomplish their imperialist goals. In addition, this research explains how other Blacks, in these same locations, interpreted their own religious tradition or revised western Christianity to form liberatory ideologies that legitimated their struggle for freedom and inspired their communities to oppose subordination.2002 0-7734-7269-X
The book explains the rise in support for parties in Western Europe with a strongly anti-immigrant stance during the early 1990s. Using extensive multi-level data analysis that combines individual and party opinion data with aggregate statistics from a total of fourteen Western European nations, it concludes that support comes from a combination of ‘overt’ racists who articulate a highly unapologetic form of racism, and ‘covert’ racists who attempt to hide their racism in practical arguments about immigrants' deleterious socio-economic effects..
“. . . makes a useful contribution to the study of anti-immigrant political parties as well as to the study of how certain attitudes might motivate political behavior. . . . The implications here are important: culturally rooted prejudice is difficult to address with public policies and constitutes a greater destabilizing force than does economic opposition to the presence of immigrants. . . . many parties and many Western European nations are examined. This cross-national focus - with attention to country-specific variation – makes the tests of the hypotheses more rigorous than if they had been tested with data from a single country.” – Patricia A. Hurley2007 0-7734-5493-4
This book focuses on the news coverage of an environmental movement against the construction of Pak Mun Dam – a political and environmental conflict that lasted nearly twelve years in Thailand. This book examines how the environmental movement was perceived and portrayed by four influential Thai daily newspapers – Thai Rath, Matichon, The Nation
and Bangkok Post
. Combining the conceptual frameworks of global environmental movements and news construction, this study views the role of local news media based on the dynamic discourse of glocalization
. The author proposes that through their routine process of news construction, local news media institutions work as conduits or “glocal
conjunctures” between the local and the global. Under various intra- and extra-organizational factors and circumstances, local media has the power to link global meanings to local environmental discourse.2016 1-4955-0410-7
This book discusses political parties operating in the various states and regions in the Middle East and North Africa. It examines ideologies, leadership, as well as the unification and or disintegration of parties, and their development and influence on society and the state.2006 0-7734-5799-2
The second volume of this work resumes the story of the French upper chamber at the Liberation and traces its resurrection in the unpromising circumstances of 1946 and its gradual recovery as the Council of the Republic of the Fourth Republic 1958. It continues by examining ‘restoration’ of the Senate in 1958 and its rollercoaster relationship with the President, the government and the National Assembly since then. Like volume one, the present volume explores not only the particular composition of the Senate and its role in the French constitutional game, but examines its political evolution and the part played by the men and women who have shaped its fortunes. The text is supported with tables, maps and appendices to provide both the professional academic and the student of French politics not only with an analytical narrative but also with clear points of reference with which to tackle this little-known aspect of French politics.
This book addresses the idea that the judicial law of God, as found in the Old Testament of the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures, has a place in legal and political thought and practice, as well as economic thought, and has advanced in various forms since the beginning of Christianity, and previously, during the period of the Hebrew Commonwealth. This work traces the Theonomic movement and its ideas from its roots in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries into its modern form, placing Theonomy in context of legal, political, and economic philosophy.2013 0-7734-4541-2
Democratic governments who need public opinion on their side to make decisions use different strategies to win popular support for their wars. This book chronicles that process in specific how popular support for the Iraq Wars were won by the two Bush Presidents, and how the leaders can often twist the truth. There is a tacit assumption that the public wants to trust the President, and that there are things the leaders know that the general public is not privy to. In certain cases, like wars of retaliation, little marketing is necessary. The use of polling data can also aide the government in determining with certainty which marketing strategies will convince people to support the war policy.2011 0-7734-1525-4
This work argues that when leaders are aware of the interaction of leadership, social entrepreneurship, and economic management, they are more likely to succeed when guiding Caribbean countries from economic crisis to recovery.
This study analyzes the meaning of corruption in the socio-political arena in an attempt to better understand its root causes, the external effects it has on society, and solutions which may lead to its extermination. It suggests that acts which might be regarded as corrupt are better understood as part of a broader organic context in which they occur and as a reflection of the way in which those who take part in or eschew such behavior envisage their social world and treat their social relationships. By effecting a shift in the underlying attitudes which prompt acts of corruption, it may be possible to eliminate such practices.2008 0-7734-4896-9
This work critically assesses two contemporary approaches to multiculturalism, namely Liberalism 1 and 2. To highlight the shortcomings of these theories, this study examines the relationship between diasporas and more sessile communities.2010 0-7734-3868-8
This work examines the effect of renewable natural resource scarcity on ethnic conflict. Determining how renewable natural resource scarcity affects ethnic conflict requires multiple levels of inquiry. First, is there a relationship between renewable natural resource scarcity and ethnic conflict? Second, if this relationship exists how do scarcities translate into ethnic conflict? Third, does the framework established have evidentiary support in particular cases that can be considered?
This work examines the relation that exists between Kant’s critical philosophy and his mature political doctrine. The author argues that Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason contains an account of the faculty of reason and the way it shaped his liberal political theory of The Metaphysics of Morals and of his later essays on politics. In so doing, this study fills a gap in the current secondary literature on Kant – the relationship between Kant’s first Critique and his political philosophy is rarely explored by contemporary Kant scholars and by political philosophers.
This book investigates the social construction of the processes of marijuana criminalization and marijuana medicalization. It is the first substantive study on the subject to include a detailed historical context in which to situate a new theoretical model for examining the contemporary U.S. drug policy debate.2009 0-7734-3860-2
This study examines the contribution of New Right leaders Richard Viguerie and Paul Weyrich to the mobilization of the American conservative movement. Based on archival material not previously examined, this study fills a gap in our understanding of the nuts and bolts of campaign organization and fundraising2007 0-7734-5378-4
This book provides an English translation of philosopher Heimo Hofmeister’s book, Der Wille zum Krieg, oder die Ohnmacht der Politik
, which traces the connection between war and the individual or group awareness of differences among ‘others’ which leads to inevitable and serious disagreement. Analyzing the relations of strength, force and power on the one hand and state, politics and war on the other, Hofmeister shows that while conflict is inevitable, war is not. Ironically, the same diversity that exists among humanity and the conflicts that arise from the awareness of such are just as much the foundation of harmony, friendship and love as they are that of war and hate.2009 0-7734-4768-7
This book examines the meaning of citizenship and evaluates the salience of ‘Citizenship of the Union’ amongst a sample of young university students in Northern Ireland. T.H. Marshal is the main citizenship theorist in the UK, but this work argues that an alternative theoretical approach, based on the work of Max Weber, more accurately explains the dynamic nature of citizenship Northern Ireland.2000 0-7734-7531-1
This study is an assessment of the process of political justice taking place in post-Communist Eastern Europe. While concentrating on specific case studies, it also offers a comprehensive picture of the general debate on accountability for past human rights violations which usually takes place in societies in transition from repressive regimes. The study underlines the complexity of the political reality in which the expectations for accountability for state-sponsored violations of human rights are answered. It argues for the necessity of combining individual and collective responsibility for human rights violations.2003 0-7734-6992-3
This study provides a long overdue examination of a critical sector of the international politics of one of the world’s most politically and economically advanced states. It also provides a model or basis of comparison for other small states on how they might shape their own security policies in the larger world. Among the distinctive features of this work is a discussion of the development of an indigenous vocabulary, with words based on Icelandic saga literature, by which the most complex issues of superpower security affairs could be discussed in a national debate. A key point examined is the growth of an indigenous security expertise. The creation of a parliamentary commission and its output led to a dialectic with the Foreign Ministry that produced an informed debate on security issues in a country of about only a quarter million people. This dialectic suggests a model for development of policy making expertise by other small states.
This study argues that an emerging politics of identity is gradually replacing the politics of interests that has traditionally dominated the political arena in advanced industrial societies. It updates the literature on new political cleavages with a perspective that emphasizes both national patriotism and sub-cultural defense, and backs up its analysis with a large body of evidence concerning ongoing political conflicts.2003 0-7734-6546-4
This work provides insiders’ examinations of Japan’s public policy responses to globalization and illuminates the dichotomy between practices which asymmetrically benefit Japan and the rhetoric it employs to justify initiatives which may or may not contribute to global peace and prosperity.
Never before, since the Federation of the Australian Colonies in 1901, had the Constitution of Australia come under such intense scrutiny as occurred in the lead-up to the Republican Referendum of 1999. Just as there were differences of opinion amongst republicans on what form an Australian republic should take, there were different perceptions amongst monarchists on what formed the modern day structures of Australia’s Constitutional Monarchy. In this collection of speeches and articles, Philip Benwell has attempted to explain the various interpretations not just of the Constitution itself but also of ‘The Crown of the United Kingdom’ under which the Australian Federation has been formed. It is the only known work of its kind and an invaluable contribution to scholarship not only for its in-depth examination of the meaning of ‘The Crown,’ particularly within Australia’s Constitution, but also as research tool for future occasions.2012 0-7734-4084-4
Politics in England both local and national have been dominated by the Conservative and Labour Parties. Yet, in recent years, specifically in mayoral elections, there has been an insurgence of independent candidates that have made it through the process. Albeit, the process in England is so strenuous that it is almost impossible for outsiders to get into office, yet the local elections provide independents with a much stronger chance of winning. This is the first study to examine voters tendencies, and political actors at the local mayoral level, and lays out profound distinctions between Parliamentary and local council elections in England.2006 0-7734-5734-8
Designed to build Central American infrastructures, Mexico’s Plan Puebla Panamá (PPP) was launched with fervor in 2001 but collapsed hopelessly by 2003. A content analysis finds the Washington Consensus severely at odds with indigenous cultures, while invoking the broader globalization-localization debate. As Mexico’s latest bridging efforts with Central America drifted in lose-lose directions, readers are exposed to the fate many modern chief executives face under similar circumstances. Defying familiar international relations postulations, these findings not only elevate James Rosenau’s catch-all turbulence theory, but also show how drawing-board disconnections mirror those in the trenches. Both developed and developing countries have plenty to learn from PPP’s wide-ranging experiences.2003 0-7734-6691-6
This study, using a new theoretical approach called cultural catalysis theory, argues that it was the diffusion of many communication technologies – not solely television – that contributed to a decline in Localism (participating in local political issues) and Cosmopolitanism (interest in presidential campaign). Cultural catalysis theory posits that there are four groups in society: Localists, Cosmopolitans, Community Leaders, and Displaced. The theory also posits that technologies changed the composition of these groups over time because they permitted people to look outside their local community for socializing and entertainment, and allowed people to entertain themselves alone in their homes. Two longitudinal datasets, the National Election Study (1960-2000) and the General Social Survey (1974-2000) were used to test the hypotheses.1992 0-7734-9541-X
The aim of this study is to determine in what ways and to what extent Orwell's political bias influenced the technique and approach of certain key essays. Places Orwell's development in historical perspective and compares his commitment with that of his contemporaries. His major political essays are analyzed to provide the parameters for the major autobiographical, literary, cultural and sociological essays. Concludes that Orwell succeeds in making `political writing into an art'. His essays not only form the key to his thought, but also show how artful a propagandist he is, consciously `perverting words' and manipulating his technique to further his cause.1991 89-640687
Directory of scholars doing research on British politics.2011 0-7734-1513-0
The author examines jihad
from an historical discursive perspective, taking account of the economic and cultural contexts in which the doctrine first developed in Islamic law, as well as the doctrine’s applicability to international law and relations.
Named for the Law and Society Association's 2012 Herbert Jacob Book Prize.2006 0-7734-5768-2
This book analyzes Italy’s policy toward European monetary integration from the creation of the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957 to the final stage of Economic and Monetary Union in 1999 and the first five years thereafter. It is argued that “ideas,” in the form of “policy paradigms,” are crucial in framing member states’ trajectories in the European Union (EU) and they are therefore core components of the process of Europeanization. Policy paradigms need to be contextualized by considering the evolution of domestic institutions.
According to the foreign policy paradigm that prevailed in Italy from the Second World War until the late 1990s, “Europe” has been of paramount priority, which has been associated with its political, economic and cultural modernization. The economic policy paradigm, instead, has shifted from Keynesian economics in the 1960s and 1970s to the monetarist-inspired, stability-oriented paradigm of the 1980s and 1990s. The pro-European foreign policy paradigm explains why Italian policymakers decided to join all the European monetary initiatives, whereas the economic paradigm, which, for most of the time, was far apart from the stability-oriented paradigm embedded in European monetary regimes, explains Italy’s difficult adaptation. The book concludes by pointing out that the foreign policy paradigm has begun to shift since the late 1990s.
This skillfully edited collection of essays analyzes the social engineering process employed by both public and private sector Conservative ruling elites in Japan in its effort to mold and cultivate a small minority of Japanese youth super-achievers in order to maintain its conservative view domination of society. Five important aspects of Japanese youth culture are discussed including the impact youth labor, youth education, young women, juvenile crime and youth culture have on the ruling elite structure as Japan transitions into this age of globalization.1998 0-7734-8276-8
This study presents a clarification and discussion of problematic concepts and arguments related to a pamphlet by John Ashton, who was executed for treason in 1690. The study aims at philosophical clarification of arguments about important political issues and historical events.2008 0-7734-5071-8
This work investigates the factors that have enabled some industrialized nations such as the United States, Sweden, and Japan to have more successful economies than others like South Korea, Greece, and Portugal. This rigorous statistical analysis yields numerous unexpected results.
The book chronicles, for the first time, the full history of the Labour Party’s youth movement from the LOY, established 1924, to the present organisation, Young Labour, established 1994. Previously unpublished primary source material, including oral interviews, provides a narrative that illuminates the culture, organisation and political activism of the youth sections and highlights the similarities and differences between them as well as their relationship with the party leadership at local and national level.2008 0-7734-5053-X
This work analyzes every aspect of the land and boundary dispute, tracing the conflict from pre-colonial times to the period of decolonization. The manuscript’s interdisciplinary approach combines elements of political science, anthropology and economics.2001 0-7734-7482-X
This book is the first translation into English of Der moderne Socialismus by the German Jesuit scholar Heinrich Pesch (1854-1926). That book appeared in 1990 as the last in a series of five works by Pesch under the overall title Liberalismus, Socialismus und christliche Gesellschaftsordnung (Liberalism, Socialism and Christian Social Order
). These century-old works have much relevancy in view of the significant revival during the post-World War II era of the free market concept.2005 0-7734-6096-9
This book examines the activities of lobbyists in the three largest global lobbying markets – Washington, London and Brussels – and places those activities in the context of the political, cultural and institutional environments within which lobbying is undertaken in those locations. Its fundamental premise is that institutions and political frameworks make a great deal of difference to which effective lobbyists will approach their work.
Based on interviews with 60 lobbyists in those cities, the book seeks to describe the range of activities which they undertake – from monitoring to research, grass roots efforts to coalition building, atmosphere setting to direct advocacy.
In the first section of this book, these activities are analysed and the lobbyists’ views explained, in the light of current academic and popular literature. The second section contains detailed transcripts of interviews with 16 of the lobbyists, in which they speak at length and in in their own words. One of the aims of this work is to put lobbyists firmly at the heart of research into lobbying – too often, academic works on lobbyists treat lobbyists’ experiences and expertise as peripheral to the mathematical modeling of their activities.
Designed with academic researchers in mind, the book also contains a wealth of insights from lobbyists from which other practitioners in the three locations can draw upon.2015 0-7734-4245-6
Worley’s book brings a new perspective on the intellectual debates in the development of nationalistic movements leading up to the Risorgimento in Italy. Her study reveals how the efforts of key feminine ideologists established the roots of Italian reunification through artistic patronage. The salons of these important women enabled daring artists to walk that fine line between creativity and treason as they politicized their art.2008 0-7734-4963-9
This work analyzes the interplay between the American political system and criminal justice policy, providing a comprehensive examination of the vital role politics plays in defining key elements of the criminal justice system.2013 0-7734-4486-6
An intriguing look at how the utilization of material hermeneutics can augment the social and political scientist’s capability to interpret social events beyond the traditional parameters that textual hermeneutic and linguistic models would generally present.2010 0-7734-3827-0
This interdisciplinary monograph analyzes presidential and legislative elections themes. Topics covered in the work include a critical discussion of all the forecasting models used in the past 20 years, and an examination of the forecasting of Presidential elections from an engineering and mathematical point of view, and actual mathematical equations between predicted votes and the polls.
The traditional understanding of strategic stability, as a condition wherein adversarial states refrain from waging a strategic war, is in the first place flawed as it conflates the concept with the wider issue of causes of war, it places too great an emphasis on arms racing and crisis management, and it has focused too much on nuclear strategy. This study situates the concept directly with the phenomena of accidental or inadvertent wars, and proposes an understanding of strategic stability as a condition wherein policy-makers do not feel pressured into knee-jerk decisions concerning the use of military force. This study proposes a framework of conventional strategic stability. It includes a geographic and strategic cultural milieu that frames the processes by which policy-makers and strategic planners identify and assess the threat posed by potential adversaries. It directs attention away from armaments to other military-strategic factors such as interpretations of strategic doctrines and intelligence and early warning processes. Finally, drawing from the Clausewitzian politics-war paradigm, it focuses on how domestic and external political conditions provide clues as to how and why strategic stability either maintains or fails, because decisions for war are ultimately political in nature.2006 0-7734-5588-4
This book addresses the question of military disengagement from politics in states emerging from prolonged cycles of military intervention in politics. The case of El Salvador is particularly interesting given the decades of repeated intervention by the Salvadoran military. These cycles of military intervention indicate that intervention in politics is seen by the military as part of their job. Long-term military disengagement, therefore, comes from a change in the military’s self-identity and orientation toward intervention in politics because the military will always have the ability to intervene due to their preponderance of force. The case study approach is used in order to discern the historic difficulties facing permanent removal of the Salvadoran military from politics and the prospects for the future. As the preponderant holder of force is society, the military will disengage from politics when external pressures elicit a voluntary withdrawal based upon the military’s perception of those external pressures and the possibility of a face-saving return to the barracks with a maximum preservation of power and prestige.2006 0-7734-5665-1
This study provides a different perspective on the important Nuremberg war crimes trial of 1945 and 1946. Friedrich Rainer, an Austrian Nazi, a lawyer, an influential Gauleiter
, and a well-placed Hitler lieutenant, was a witness for the defendant Arthur Seyss-Inquart. Rainer was imprisoned in the witnesses’ wing where he had a unique opportunity to observe the trial and its participants. Later, as a Yugoslav prisoner, he wrote about his nine-month incarceration. His story, both first-hand and historical, is more detached than the memoirs of the defendants and provides a different perspective from the prosecutors. Since he was not himself on trial, he maintained a certain detachment, yet he shared some of the extant emotion. Further, Rainer’s legal background allowed him to examine, compare, and analyze the process. He also endeavored to write with the historian’s eye, distinguishing between fact and rumor, presenting evidence, and drawing conclusions. Most important, he placed his account in a larger context than the immediate trial. Finally, this translation, plus the editor’s commentary, provides a glimpse into the world of a man who embodies much that was typical Nazi, a man who may be seen as an historian and apologist of National Socialism.
In this book, an international group of distinguished scholars analyze how Latin Americans are struggling with the question of how they can provide for their security while they govern themselves. They explain Latin Americans’ complex definitions of security and current threats to it. Various external forces – from Al Qaeda and the International Monetary Fund to certain policies of the United States government – threaten Latin Americans’ autonomy.
Economic and political elites may restrict popular self-government, sometimes by promising to provide for security at the cost of liberty. The lives, property, and well-being of Latin American peoples often remain in the balance. The authors show how Latin American nations, individuals, and peoples are seeking to make themselves more secure through their democracies. They consider how Latin Americans are asserting their democratic rights and seeking to deepen the practices of freedom during the current domestic transitions and the war on terror. They judge the prospects for the success of Latin American democracies meeting the severe threats to the region’s security. Given Latin American political history and contemporary insecurities, the chapters demonstrate why the future of these democracies is at risk.2007 0-7734-5338-5
This work analyzes the way in which the foreign policy in Guyana has fared in protecting its national security, while also analyzing the very concept of “national security” as it applies to a small-state like Guyana. Since its independence in 1966, Guyanese foreign policy has been synonymous with national security. The process of national security in Guyana, like that of other post-colonial small-states, cannot be viewed independently from that of nation-building. Guyana’s struggles with internal insecurity are examined, along with the responses to various external challenges which have resulted in human insecurity and significant external involvement in the micromanagement of Guyana’s domestic affairs.2002 0-7734-7129-4
This study argues that national identities in Europe go through a process of transformation. The process of European integration, on one hand, and increasing migration flows and the affirmation of cultural identities on the other, have led to a re-definition not only of the content of national identities but also of their nature. Interaction between national, sub-national and transnational forms of collective identification are governance has given way to a more flexible view of nationhood, which affirms uniqueness and difference but also accepts commonality with Others. The empirical material presented in this book provides an overview of collective identities in contemporary Europe and highlights their evolution during the past twenty years. The study concentrates on the national press, because the media are seen as an important carrier of identity discourses. The study of representations of ‘Us, the nation,’ relevant outgroups, and the interaction between them starts with the end of the Cold War era, goes through the collapse of the Communist regimes in Eastern Europe, and reaches the present and the realization of a European Union. Images of the nation in four EU member-states – Britain, Germany, Greece and Italy – are analyzed. Furthermore, their intertwining with or contrast to representations of the European Union, images of other Western and Central-Eastern European nations, as well as ethnic minorities and immigrant communities are highlighted. At the theoretical level, the book explores how transnational and sub-national challenges to the power and legitimacy of the nation are dealt with in the national press discourse. The extent to which national identity is compatible, or indeed, overlaps with notions of a European identity and culture are also discussed. In answering these questions, new conceptual tools for the study of national identity in contemporary European societies are explored.2010 0-7734-3642-1
The purpose of this work is to redress the imbalance in existing scholarship on
Neville Chamberlain’s domestic political career. Most work on Chamberlain focuses on the three years of his Premiership from 1937 to 1940, neglecting the remainder of his career.2002 0-7734-7043-32009 0-7734-4808-X
This work provides an examination of the scientific evidence of rapid climate change, offering suggestions on combating the crisis to policy makers. The authors show how our thinking must be transformed in order to avert catastrophe.2002 0-7734-6944-32003 0-7734-6688-62008 0-7734-5173-0
This study analyzes political writings of the Latvian intellectuals who pursued the ideas of national identity and liberation, over a period of nearly one hundred and fifty years. In addition to providing a better general understanding of intellectuals’ behavior and influence, it illuminates the largely neglected subject of the differences between the political, social, and cultural influence of Western and Eastern European intellectuals.
This work details the history of the Norwegian Armed Forces from 1905 to 1955. After Norway gained full independence from Sweden in 1905, it faced the challenge of maintaining its sovereignty as a small state caught in the midst of rivalries and conflicts among the great powers. This book examines how the armed forces played an important part in this policy through the end of World War I, followed by the steep decline in Norwegian defense spending and capabilities in the face of economic depression and apparent absence of international threats in 1918, the Labor government’s taking office in 1935 with Norway still lacking any clear military strategy or unified defense policy on the eve of World War II, the German invasion in 1940, and then the apparent danger of a Soviet invasion in 1948 that galvanized the government to make defense a priority, Norway’s NATO membership in 1949 and participation in the American Military Assistance Program in 1950, both reflecting Norway’s choice of collective security over non-alignment.2005 0-7734-5852-2
This study examines the judicial philosophy of original intent and how the 1987 Robert Bork hearings impacted the judicial nomination and confirmation process. Although the debate had raged in the law schools for decades, the debate became public during Ronald Reagan’s second term. The Bork nomination was a merging of jurisprudence and politics. Following Bork’s rejection, many opponents of original intent argued that originalism was dead. The purpose of this research was to determine if the original intent debate still exists and how the Bork episode affected the nomination and confirmation process.
This study examines the scholarly literature on the emergence of the original intent debate, the exchange of words between Edwin Meese and William Brennan, the confirmation process prior to 1987, the Bork hearings, how the Bork hearings impacted post-Bork nominations and confirmations, Bill Clinton’s nominees to the federal judiciary, and the current status of original intent. Interviews with participants on both sides of this debate are included in this study.2009 0-7734-4833-0
This study, using a qualitative process-tracing approach, investigates the reasons that motivated the European Union to conclude an Association Agreement with Chile in 2002.1996 0-7734-8910-X* Winner of CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title
This volume is intended to be a comprehensive demonstration of the relevance of regime theory to issues of peace.1996 0-7734-8912-6* Winner of CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title
This volume is intended to be a comprehensive demonstration of the relevance of regime theory to issues of peace.2011 0-7734-1390-1
This book examines the critical issues and trends in cultural transformation in Africa by examining the relationship between universal values and African cultures.2008 0-7734-4864-0
This work contributes to the scholarship on the link between environmental degradation and conflict challenges faced by the Nile Basin countries by investigating determinants of collective action. The study will be useful to national leaders in crafting a new Nile River Agreement, and policy makers and scholars involved in water issues.2001 0-7734-7426-9
This book makes both theoretical and empirical contributions to three prominent areas of interest in the field of political science: identifying the causes of legislative gridlock in our national government; the debate over effects of divided government; and concern over increasing polarization of political parties in America. By incorporating the institutional factors of the Senate filibuster and the presidential veto with partisan factors of party polarization and the proportion of seats held by each party, the work articulates a precise theory about when gridlock is likely to occur. Contradicting many prominent accounts, this theory suggests that divided government does not affect gridlock once party polarization and party seat division are taken into account. It conducts a rigorous set of empirical tests which suggest that the author’s theory offers a significant improvement over existing models. The study helps the reader to better understand the conditions under which policy stability and policy change, carries important implications for political scientists contemplating future research, and for government reformers.
This work is the first book-length criticism of the political philosophy of Eric Voegelin.
This book demonstrates that despite his assertions to the contrary, Voegelin harbored long-standing partisan ideological leanings. After a thorough explication of both primary and secondary Voegelin literature, the author scrutinizes Voegelin’s claims of essential agreement between Plato and Aristotle; his attacks on Marx and Hegel; and his analysis of the character of a modern ‘gnostic.’ The concluding chapter places the ‘Voegelin phenomenon’ in the context of contemporary American political cleavages.
2002 0-7734-6962-12003 0-7734-6614-2
This book is an historical study about the convening and subsequent failures of naval disarmament treaty conferences during the 1920s and 1930s. It shows the pre-existing unwillingness of major naval powers to relinquish their large navies – no matter the cost – because of their mutual distrust. The monograph examines the roles of the politicians, diplomats, and naval hierarchies, weaving the human element into the study of naval doctrine and technology, world events, and the influence of these factors upon the treaties. The book examines why naval disarmament failed, alluding to issues such as isolationism, failure of diplomacy, old grudges, lack of substantive communication, and non-existence of supervision mechanisms necessary to safeguard disarmament treaties. It concludes by briefly looking at what has happened to naval disarmament since World War II.2000 0-7734-7652-02005 0-7734-6182-5
This book contributes to the literature on Public Finance and Urban Politics. It takes two normative ideas in the realm of academic debate and applies them to the case of Rockford, Illinois. It is concerned with the financially consequential areas of public policy, urban economic development and urban political economy. The principal elements of social equity and productive efficiency are described, examined, and used as a framework for evaluating whether public officials faithfully reflect distributive equity priorities in their limited discretion over revenue allocations.2008 0-7734-5010-6
A contribution to the literature on retail planning and the circumvention of
national policies by local authorities.2012 0-7734-2940-9
Written in response to the Bush Administration’s aggressive rhetoric previous to and during the Iraq War, this book addresses the key issues relating to Precautionary Principles on defense policies regarding pre-emptive war. Policymakers in the West seem prone to use these tactics when they feel there is certainly an outside threat to national security, and even when the threat is miniscule, after 9/11 American leaders in particular seem to err on the side of caution. Knowing the difference between a certain threat, a risky pre-emptive attack, and uncertainty could have informed public debate in significant ways. This theory is necessary now more than ever because our world system faces new and unknown threats that must be mediated by an international order.2007 0-7734-5287-7
This study explores the structural, interactional and historical origins of antisystemic violence, that is violence in response to relatively stable sets of social relations and/or bureaucratized state structures, in today’s world. The study’s focus is primarily on militia groups in the Americas and Central Asia.2011 0-7734-1584-X
This book is a collection of works by the late Geoffrey Forrester, an Australian analyst who spent over 40 years closely observing the end of Indonesia’s first presidency.2012 0-7734-2905-0
This essay owes its significance to a carefully constructed case study. It examines environmental policies in one particular city, Naples, Italy. But it shows events that could happen anywhere. Re-establishing the cycle of nature through recycling is an exceptionally difficult task. These authors show how the people of Naples attempted to establish environmentally sound policy initiatives by considering all possible solutions. After much deliberation they opted for more efficient methods of waste disposal.
The waste disposal issue in Naples has been at the center of media attention. It raises questions about whether Italy is threatened by a garbage crisis. Taking cues from other countries, Naples discovered that it could incorporate aggressive measures to reduce its waste. The events described in the book start in Naples but extend to Italy and Europe as well.
The two authors of this book are an environmental historian and a waste management expert of international standing. They engage in a straightforward and serene discussion, resulting in a one-of-a-kind work that leaves bias and ideology behind. The complexity of the issue is a result of the speed at which modern society has developed.
The book addresses the inability of the ruling classes to keep up with its frenetic growth rate. Northern and Southern Italy answered the problems of waste disposal in different ways. Hence the need for a debate on the real problems posed by the management of collective property and environmental resources. In conclusion the authors look at future prospects and suggest practical solutions.2012 0-7734-2610-8
This book focuses on the field of policy implementation in various countries across the world. The book tries to capture the way various policies are implemented in countries such a Chile, Finland, Australia, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies. The book features the writing of the top academicians of public policy. The book tries to unravel whether the challenges facing policy makers across the globe are similar or if there are essential differences in the policy implementation in these countries. The factors and obstacles that confront the processes of implementation in different countries are identified, analyzed, dissected, having their limitations exposed. The issues being considered are the stages involved, whether it’s a top-down or bottom-up approach, the clarity of the definition of goals, and the relationship between goals and outcomes. The book is essential reading for those who want to understand the causes of policy failure in a different context.2008 0-7734-5105-6
This work explores two of the main challenges faced by the European Union today: how to maintain its competitiveness by becoming a knowledge-based economy while preserving social standards and protecting the environment as articulated in the Lisbon Strategy; and how to govern a complex entity of distinctive member states.2001 0-7734-7481-1
This collection of Paine’s writings focuses on his approach to economic issues, such as the development of a central bank, paper money, public debt, property and poverty, in the light of an interpretation of his political theory as a unique combination of liberal or even libertarian and republican ideas. A critical introduction places these texts in the context of Paine’s life and his overall political theory, in addition to the wider context of the development of economic thought and financial practice of the late 18th century.2005 0-7734-6073-X
This work establishes the intent and application of the Ninth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Its traces the amendment’s historic origins to the Federalist—Anti-Federalist debates. It links the provenance of the Ninth Amendment back to the state constitutions, bills of rights and positive laws of the Constitution’s Framing period. It discusses James Madison’s introduction of the Bill of Rights during the first Congress. It reviews each recommendatory amendment submitted by the states during the ratification process along with each state constitution and bill of rights contemporaneous with the Framing. It examines each Supreme Court decision referencing the Ninth Amendment. It also summarizes main Ninth Amendment theories described in the literature.
The author presents a case for finding Ninth Amendment unenumerated rights within the positive law of the framing period as expressed in the state bills of rights and constitutions and within the penumbras formed by specifically enumerated rights.1986 0-88946-205-4
Provides students with a verbal description of the quantitative research process, with only limited and selective use of the formal symbolism of mathematics and statistics. Intended for use in year-long introductory courses in political-science quantitative research methods. Also relevant for courses in public administration, public policy, law, and international relations. Available at special price for text use.2011 0-7734-3938-2
This book critically evaluates the media for manifest and latent content of its rhetoric, particularly, as it pertains to California’s “Three Strikes and You’re Out” legislation. It offers new insight into the intersection of mass media’s crime coverage and its influence on readers.2009 0-7734-4762-8
This book proposes reconciliation as an ethic for fractured relationships in multiracial and multiethnic societies. The work traces the origin of reconciliation in various religions and philosophies and proposes how it can provide a common framework to govern society. Includes detailed case studies on making reconciliation between ethnic groups possible in the United States and Malaysia.2009 0-7734-4801-2
This work goes beyond the existing literature on disaster events, both manmade and natural, by examining the politics behind them. It takes a comprehensive look at the spectrum of international disasters—geologic, meteorological, fire and power, health, transportation, and wartime.2006 0-7734-5591-4
These volumes collect and introduce the major writings of the British/South African philosopher Arthur Ritchie Lord (1880-1941). Regarded as one of the finest minds in South African philosophy in the early twentieth century, Lord nevertheless published little during his lifetime part from his The Principles of Politics
(1921) and a few short essays. The editors of these volumes bring together not only Lord’s published work, but almost all of his previously-unpublished lectures and essays.
This volume reprints, but also provides a new critical introduction to, Arthur R. Lord’s The Principles of Politics
. Prepared to present and discuss some of the major themes of political philosophy, The Principles of Politics
focuses on three issues of perennial interest in political thought: sovereignty, law, and rights. Lord’s study also examines such topics as the nature of the state, the balance of power, theories of representation, and the rationality of political institutions. Readers will be particularly interested in the ways in which Lord’s work continues, but also advances upon, earlier idealist studies in political thought (such as those of Hegel, T.H. Green, and Bernard Bosanquet). A rereading of this work today suggests that the idealist tradition, and particularly its account of political pluralism, can provide much insight on issues of contemporary concern.
2004 0-7734-6481-62004 0-7734-6502-2
This interpretive essay was originally born as a response to Francis Fukuyama’s essay, The End of History. It asserts that the major development of the 20th century was, and is, the World Revolution of Westernization. It asserts that many parts of the globe are successfully Westernizing (modernizing), but even more parts of the globe are saying ‘modernization wherever possible, yes, but according to non-Western values such as Islam.’ The study is divided into three sections: Europe, Russia, and much of the developing world outside the West.2005 0-7734-6246-5
This current volume details the later political career of Carlos Andres Perez, focusing on his two presidential administrations and his fall from political power. This work builds upon the early political foundations of Perez which have been detailed in Volume One. During his first administration (1974- 79), President Perez introduced Venezuela into the economic and political realities of a new and ever-changing world order, as a result of the revenue generated by the nation's petroleum exports. For his part, Perez sought to modernize Venezuela's democracy and to bring Venezuela to a level of development which would enable it to compete successfully within the New Economic World Order. Not long after beginning his second term as president (1989-1993), Carlos Andres Perez was faced with economic and social crises. Consequently, in the early days of his administration, events transpired which considerably weakened the political foundation of his government. By late 1992, two coup d'etat attempts had been made against the President, and by Spring 1993 the Supreme Court ruled that there were sufficient grounds for an indictment on charges of corruption. This ruling resulted in the decision by the National Congress to remove President Perez from office so that he could be brought to trial. Following his trial, the Supreme Court sentenced Carlos Andres Perez to 2 years and 4 months of house arrest for the crime of aggravated generic embezzlement.2008 0-7734-4804-7
This book examines how governments deal with the problem of how science can achieve the objective of developing wealth-creating technologies, and at the same time solve the problems for people and the environment that such technologies cause, by evaluating the role of science in policymaking in Britain.2010 0-7734-3654-5
This book examines the foundation and formation of Robert Nozick’s Libertarianism.
This book explores the extent to which lawyers’ attitudes and practices have changed with the growth of mediation and whether lawyers have altered mediation to suit their needs. Such information is crucial to a complete understanding of how mandatory mediation operates in the context of legal practice within an adversary court system.
This present study is an effort to address the dearth of critical and/or post-positivist perspectives in security studies of and about the Asia-Pacific region. It demonstrates how regional communities of security specialists and intellectuals, including knowledge communities such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations – Institute of Strategic and International Studies and the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific, have contributed to just such a state-centric, political image at the expense of alternative ideas and, in so doing, have promoted and legitimized their own identities as authorities on regional security. This work shows how post-positivist analysis, contrary to what its many detractors may think, is neither prolix nor self-indulgent. Rather, it invites critical reflection on the conditions that produce particular ‘urgent questions’ (albeit at the expense of other questions) of about international relations, such as the question of Asia-Pacific regional security.
This study examines the irreconcilable demands of American contradicting political mythology and how this dynamic is played out in the arena of constitutional law and the U.S. Supreme Court. Unlike those who argue that America suffers from the paradoxical contradictions in its ideas (see, for example, H. Mark Roelofs, The Poverty of American Politics
), this book suggests that the very strength of American political idealism lies in its contradictions, and that the Supreme Court’s essential role is the preservation of those contradicting ideals. In early chapters, classic liberal demands and contradictions as well as republican ideals are examined. The author argues that healthy liberalism is dependent upon a healthy republican ideal. The author further demonstrates that dominant judicial philosophies from the right and left are all inadequate due to their failure to comprehend the Court’s mythical responsibilities. In the final chapter, Roe v. Wade
and Bush v. Gore
are shown as examples where the Court failed. By refusing to take their mythological responsibilities seriously, the Court’s opinions in these cases appear to rest on blatant power politics. It is as if the members of the Court blatantly replaced their mythical priestly robes with the hats of highly suspect politicians. A brief examination of Brown v. Board of Education
reveals a Court meeting its obligation by carefully staying in the realm of myth as it cautiously resolved the case. The author further argues that the nation would be well served if justices on the Court would pursue this most important political responsibility when exercising judicial review and that conservatives and liberals, Republicans and Democrats, all have a vital interest in encouraging justices on the Court to accept this responsibility. The author suggests that conflicting idealism is essential to freedom as it checks powerful political agendas from the right and the left, and demonstrates that the Supreme Court is uniquely positioned to promote this idealism. History has shown that a single unifying political philosophy, which makes it easy to run rough-shod over all who stand in its way, it not always desirable. The strength of American idealism is that it refuses to grant full legitimacy to virtually any government initiative.2004 0-7734-6445-X
This work provides the foundation for the study of United States Magistrate Judges and an examination of their behavior. The results presented in this work make a theoretical contribution to the literature supported by both qualitatively and quantitatively examining the roles and decisions of United States Magistrate Judges.
At the most fundamental level, this work shows that Magistrate Judges should no longer be overlooked in the public law literature and calls for more research on these, and other overlooked players in the judiciary.1999 0-7734-8037-4
For half a century, Soviet linguists tried to drive a wedge between the Romanians of Moldova and their ethnic and linguistic kindred across the river in Romania. Attempts were made to create an independent literary language called ‘Moldavian', which according to Soviet linguistics and their followers was lexically, phonologically, even grammatically distinct from standard Romanian. These attempts failed, but for most of the Soviet period, the Romanian of Moldova.
The present work examines through a series of contemporary essays the history of Soviet language policy in Moldova. Special attentions is paid to the actual dialectal features of Moldovan Romanian, its borrowed lexical stock from Russian and the relationship between the Romanian of Moldova and other languages spoken in the region, such as Bulgarian and Gagauz. A special feature is a series of interviews in the appendices, with both politicians and academicians, including Mircea Snegur, President of Moldova.2005 0-7734-6209-0
After the horrific terrorist attacks of September 11,2001 on New York, Washington D.C. and Pennsylvania which resulted in the unprecedented destruction of the World Trade Center, the Pentagon and the murder of several thousand people from eighty-seven countries, President George W. Bush proclaimed a national emergency and issued an executive order which for the first time in United States history permits the government to hold and prosecute by military commission stateless members of a terrorist organization in an undeclared war.
The study examines the nature and purpose of military commissions in American history that provides the context for their role as anticipated by the Bush Administration. It further examines the role of the President as Commander-in-Chief under Article II of the United States Constitution to issue his military orders on military commissions in an age of international terrorism, and the principal substantive procedures issued by the Pentagon to make the commissions fully operational. The study addresses the pivotal role of the United States Supreme Court in deciding landmark national security cases that could well test the very foundation of the balance of power in American government and considers the Administration's authority to declare American citizens as "enemy combatants" and detain them indefinitely without trial; and to hold non-citizen enemy combatants at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba without the opportunity to challenge the basis for their detention in any court of the United States. Finally the study considers whether the war on terror is of such a nature as to warrant expansion of the exercise of war power by the political branches of government. Critical long-term issues that impact on balancing civil liberties with national security interests are identified that must be addressed by the Congress and the Executive in confronting the continuing war on terrorism post-September 11.2015 1-4955-0408-5
Drawing on theories of identity construction and deconstruction, the author examines what it means to be a feminist in the contemporary American political arena. The author explores the boundaries implicitly created by identity categories to uncover feminists’ perceptions of whether or not Hillary Clinton is truly a feminist political candidate. This book provides an application of these theories to the contemporary feminist movement in the United States.2005 0-7734-6164-7
This book addresses a set of intriguing and complex questions in the study of law and society. How does legislation affect the behavior of citizens? What role do attitudes play in rule following and under what conditions can legislation influence these attitudes? The book juxtaposes two approaches to this set of questions. The social working approach is an exercise in empirical sociology of law, seeking a behavioral explanation of rule- following. The communicative approach to legislation investigates legislation as a communication process in both an empirical and a normative sense. While these two approaches share common ground, for instance in their principled rejection of legal instrumentalism, they differ on other issues, such as the existence and importance of symbolic effects of legislation. The ensuing debate sheds light on the uses and dangers of legislation as an instrument of democratic governance under the rule of law.2001 0-7734-7476-5
The question of political legitimacy is a question concerning the justification of coercive political institutions. We recognize an obligation to obey political institutions given the satisfaction of certain conditions. This work examines these conditions by investigating the models of political legitimacy proposed by the classic social contract authors Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, and extends the analysis to include the work of influential contemporary contract theorist John Rawls.2002 0-7734-6947-82003 0-7734-6660-6
With the passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Congress opened the door for an industry that was once heavily regulated to take bold steps in the directions of competition. Through an examination of nine major Federal Communications Commission rulemakings, more than fifteen years of legislative activity in Congress, and several other policy decisions undertaken during the 20th century, this study argues that the Telecommunications Act was part of a process of social learning in which federal regulators entered an enduring mindset of competition beginning in the late 1970s. Scholars interested in telecommunications issues and developmental theories of policy change will find this book particularly engaging.2008 0-7734-4965-5
Examines the political party and balance of power and policy considerations behind each state’s admission to the Union.
This book uses new institutional and Austrian theories advanced in recent decades to analyze Hong Kong’s economic transformation. It focuses on knowledge and coordination problems, and examines the role of entrepreneurship, small Chinese family enterprises and government policies in the economic development of Hong Kong. So far, no similar work has been published. Part I is the theoretical framework which explores the role of entrepreneurship, small business and government in the economic development of a small open economy. Part II and III explain how entrepreneurship and Chinese family businesses transform the economy of Hong Kong. Part IV focuses on the coordinating function of the Hong Kong government. This book will be of special interest to scholars of entrepreneurship, Asian business systems and economic development. It will also be of use to policy makers in latecomer economies.2004 0-7734-6529-4
The subject of this book is the development of political ideas in France, examining the justification of Absolute Monarchy in the Seventeenth century, its rebuttal by the Eighteenth century “philosophes” in the name of the freedom of the individual, the reaction in turn by the nineteenth century “liberals” against their ideas which they considered led not to freedom but to oppression, the development in turn of socialism which perceived “liberalism” as promoting the freedom only of the rich and powerful few and finally a return to Monarchist ideas in the early Twentieth century as the only solution to the problems caused by the so-called sovereignty of the people. The Conclusion illustrates how many of these ideas are still echoed by French politicians in the present era of the Fifth Republic.
The Act of State Doctrine holds that a state is legally supreme within its own boundaries and its sovereign is wholly immune to the judgments of other nations. The acts that the sovereign power’s agents perform as part of their official duties and responsibilities cannot be called into question in the courts of another nation. If a state possesses not final and complete power over its own territory and citizens it is a dependency, a colony, or an occupied area. As nations moved into the modern world nations began to have second thoughts about maintaining and supporting sovereign absolutism. This study investigates past, current, and emerging meanings of the act of state doctrine. It also examines exceptions to the act of state doctrine.2004 0-7734-6414-X
This book offers an understanding of the background – both the deep historical background and the more recent political, economic, and cultural background – to the events of the last four years in Taiwan. It also offers an understanding of the unfolding of relations between Taiwan, China and the United States for many years to come. One of the most important points of this book is the range and depth of its coverage. The essays are not simply concerned with political and economic policy issues, but also cultural and lifestyle issues on a macro and micro level as well as matters of a comparative legal and historical nature. The collective analyses of the issues raised in these essays should provide long-term guidance for an understanding of the many ramifications of the Taiwan experience and Taiwan’s relations with the world.2004 0-7734-6232-5
This critical analysis of director Oliver Stone's Nixon argues that the screenplay and film are early attempts in American cinema to put the life of Richard Nixon in proper historical perspective. Although known for his provocative and controversial approach in his films toward people and events of the 1960s and '70s in America, Stone has delivered an evenhanded account of the impact of Nixon on American history. This book is appropriate for anyone interested in the Cold War, American film, or popular art and politics and adds to the study of the media's depiction of history and historical figures.2003 0-7734-6581-2
This book examines the interplay between political values and the health and stability of today’s liberal democracies. It examines a set of core political values by drawing on the insights and arguments of leading political theorists past and present. The new democracies are represented by Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico, and the established democracies by Germany, Norway, Sweden, and the United States. The study uses data from the 1990 and 1995-7 World Values Surveys. Statistical analyses provide strong support for the theoretical claims of John Rawls and others that such liberal virtues as tolerance, trust, independence, and responsibility are conducive to democratic stability and to a more robust version of citizenship that goes well beyond the unfettered pursuit of private interests. Instead, this study argues that individuals who score high on the index of liberal virtues are more likely to discuss politics, to participate in politics, to resist authority, to view democracy as the best form of governance, and to demand equality of opportunity for all. This bridging of classical normative theory and contemporary empirical analysis in this work represents a much-needed contribution to scholarship in both political theory and comparative politics.2011 0-7734-1526-2
This book analyzes the history and purposes of third-party presidential candidacies in America. It uses the theories of political culture and functionalism to describe the institutional barriers these candidates face. Emphasis is placed on the variables of historical dualism, institutional barriers, and the political culture that impacts third party presidential politics, from both a normative and empirical approach.1996 0-7734-8742-5
This work provides the first comprehensive and detailed exposition of the entire oeuvre of the important 20th-century philosopher and social researcher, Lucien Goldmann. His entire range of study, including his writings on literature, political theory and philosophy, as well as his methodology, are examined and assessed in full. Perhaps of the greatest scholarly interest is the author's highly original and provocative treatment of Marx's historical materialism in the light of Goldmann's critique of the German thinker and recent attacks on his thought by postmodernism. It outlines and develops Goldmann's own research in the area of the sociology of literature, focussing particularly on the modern novel and the avant-garde theatre of Jean Genet, as well as the works of Blaise Pascal and Jean Racine and the relationship between these cultural expressions and 17th-century French society. The work contains a significant analysis of the Enlightenment movement, suggesting the German version differs fundamentally from the British/Franco model. It also examines Kant's critical philosophy, and the processes of alienation and reification as detailed by Marx Lukacs and Goldmann. This volume will interest all scholars in the areas of the sociology of literature, Marxism, philosophy and social research methodology. Section headings: Background and Influences; The Philosophy of Tragedy - Immanuel Kant; The Tragic World Vision of Pascal and Racine; Goldmann's Later Political Writings; Marxism, the Market and Consumer Capitalism; Socialism and Modern Society; Assessment; Notes, Bibliography, Index.2015 0-7734-4274-X
This book is a study of the relationship between African political theory and the politics of liberation. It elucidates the dialectical inter-relationship between the political philosophical views of these thinkers and the political, social and economic contexts of their respective countries.2013 0-7734-4302-9
An urgent and compelling examination of the foreign language deficit facing the U.S. In an ever expanding global marketplace this is a
must-read for government leaders, educators, business leaders and the U.S. public in general.2008 0-7734-5128-5
This work addresses one of the main challenges to the European Union: how to handle increasing problems of identity – not only with reference to its own place within the world community but the variety of national and regional identities within its borders.
This study considers the institutional evolution and progress of village elections in China. China’s dramatic economic growth in less than 30 years is the result of economic reforms initiated by Deng Xiaoping in the late 1970s, and thus has lifted more than 200 million people out of poverty. This change began with the “household responsibility system” permitting peasants to farm their own land, which eventually led to the abolishment of the commune system. In an effort to establish viable rural governance after de-communization, villagers took the initiative in establishing village self-government and electing their own leaders to manage village affairs. This book studies the creation and evolution of democratic institution of village election. It examines the causes of village election, the making of state and provincial election legislation, state implementation and improvement of village election rules and procedures, and the role of domestic and foreign players in influencing electoral institutionalization of village self-governance, and it assesses the impact of village election on Chinese political development. It argues for the institutional buildup of democratic infrastructures to ensure what could eventually be the beginning of a more extensive move towards democracy.2006 0-7734-5772-0
Marx’s value theory has long been recognized as the station at which his intellectual formation in continental philosophy and political thought meets his protracted engagement with the political economists. This book explores the understanding of Marx’s engagement with value-modernity in a variety of ways.
A monumental study filled with ‘never before’ revealed information and facts from the archives in Moscow, Berlin, Amsterdam, London and Stockholm uncovering why the Comintern established and supported the League against Imperialism and for National Independence (LAI, 1927-37) and its anti-imperialist agenda. A riveting study of intrigue, power struggles, and personal ambitions deftly defined by communist ideology and strategy with eminent activists like Münzenberg, Nehru and Albert Einstein this is a ‘must have’ resource reference.
This book represents the product of a very substantial amount of original research which transforms our understanding of the history of the League against Imperialism. Until Petersson availed himself of the opportunities afforded by the opening of the Russian archives comparatively little was known about the LAI, its organization, its relations with the Comintern, or the role of its principal players, particularly that of Willi Munzenberg.
This book is about the role of women in Korean and Japanese politics over the past century. It is exceedingly rare to have a comparative analysis of politics in Japan and the Republic of Korea, which gives this book a special status. At the same time these are countries with remarkably low levels of political participation by women, so it is very important to have an analysis of the reasons for this outcome. In the 1970s women accounted for less than two percent of legislative representatives in Japan, and less than one percent in Korea; today women constitute about seven percent of the members in each legislature, but these levels are still comparatively low in the developed world: about forty-three percent of Sweden’s legislators are women, and women constitute more than 30 percent of Germany’s Bundestag; the level in the U.S. Congress is about thirteen per cent.
The explanation for this phenomenon is by no means simple, and the author traverses a complex argument beginning with the “late” industrialization of both countries, followed by long periods of military rule and excesses of nationalism in both that until relatively recently subordinated women to state-sponsored goals of rapid development and national unity, to the situation today where, at least in Korea, the role of women in politics is growing rapidly. Her account is based on numerous interviews in Korea and Japan, a deft use of public opinion polls, and a wide comparative reading in the literature on the history and politics of both countries. After examining a host of theoretical and conceptual approaches to understanding the role of women in politics, she combines an historical analysis with an examination of patriarchal culture in Japan and Korea, and then scrutinizes the way in which the two respective political systems have both formal and informal mechanisms that militate against women’s participation. Furthermore at many points in the text she makes comparative judgments concerning women’s participation in Europe and the United States.
Both Korean and Japanese history in the early 20th century were marked by women who fought multiple battles on several fronts: to get any recognition at all outside the demands of the home, to fight discrimination against any woman who would dare challenge the suffocating society-wide support for family-based patriarchy, to suffer ostracism for joining socialist groups (which tended to more open to women) or for living lives independent of men (for which they were labeled promiscuous and even a threat to national unity). Ichikawa Fusae, the founder of Japan’s Women’s Suffrage League in 1924, suffered much ridicule from the society for decades, only to be forced into supporting Japan’s wars in Asia. Korea was then a colony, not a nation, but from the early point of the massive March First Movement in 1919 right down to the present, when thousands of civic groups and NGOs co-exist in Korea’s strong civil society, women have often been the leaders of protests. This sharp contrast with Japan makes for one of the most interesting aspects of this book.
Her discussion of how the postwar Japanese political system excludes women (without necessarily intending to do so) is also particularly illuminating. The Liberal Democratic Party, in power continuously since 1955 (with one brief interruption in 1993), is made up of factions which resemble one-man political machines or groups, with strong ties of patronage and favoritism in the local areas. These virtually all-male informal networks of patron-client ties, reinforced by male bonding rituals in drinking houses all over Japan, represent a formidable barrier to the entry of women into political careers. Even civic and grass-roots organizations seeking progressive goals tend to be run by men in Japan.
On the other hand, the largest number of women representatives in the history of the Republic of Korea is seen under the system of the Revitalization Congress. However, given the nature of the Congress at the time, one can hardly say their representation had much to do with the peoples’ will. Ironically though, the long history of the dictatorial military regimes gave Korean women the opportunity to hear their own political voices, and through their participations in anti-dictatorial protest movements they gained political experiences necessary to engage in politics in the future. She interviewed and observed many women involved in grassroots political organizing; their future seems to be a comparatively bright one compared to women in Japan, who still have not found a route to significant participation in the world’s second-largest economy.2010 0-7734-3835-1
In 1800 Napoleon Bonaparte sought to impose an absolute political authority as First Consul for life, and emperor in 1804. A network of women authors connected with Germaine de Staël in Paris, Coppet, Berlin, and Florence maintained salons and addressed political conflicts in their novels, correspondence and theory. Nationalist histories, also written by salon members, reinforced their unified political agenda by emphasizing the heroic acts that guaranteed national freedom. Semiotics became the primary means of political propaganda and persuasion in the absence of legislative debate and women’s suffrage.2009 0-7734-5056-4
The unanticipated arrival of peak energy production will cause the greatest revolution in the Western world’s optimistic perceptions of the future since the beginning of the use of our fossil fuel inheritance in the 18th century. Retrenchment and scarcity will now be the themes of international discourse. This work probes the philosophical assumptions behind this planning lapse, the sudden confrontation with a reversal of all that has powered our political and economic institutions.2007 0-7734-5398-9
This study examines the Yugoslav government’s policy on the rapidly escalating Yugoslav worker emigration from 1963-1973 through the coverage of that emigration in the major Yugoslav news media during these same years. Because the Yugoslav press contained a degree of contrasting opinion that was high relative to other Communist states during the same period, while at the same time allowing no questioning of settled policy, its coverage of this subject provides a useful window into the shifting attitudes toward worker emigration of the government and especially of President Tito. Using as sources the major Yugoslav newspapers and other periodicals, as well as dispatches from Tanjug, the Yugoslav government’s official news agency, and translations of radio broadcasts, the picture comes clearly into focus of a government struggling to manage the effects of this exodus, but unable to affect the outflow in a substantive way because it was unavoidable given the external labor markets and the policy of self-management itself.