How Corruption Affects Social and Economic Development

Author: Hodder, Rupert
This study analyzes the meaning of corruption in the socio-political arena in an attempt to better understand its root causes, the external effects it has on society, and solutions which may lead to its extermination. It suggests that acts which might be regarded as corrupt are better understood as part of a broader organic context in which they occur and as a reflection of the way in which those who take part in or eschew such behavior envisage their social world and treat their social relationships. By effecting a shift in the underlying attitudes which prompt acts of corruption, it may be possible to eliminate such practices.


“[This work] provides a concise, balanced, and lively introduction to corruption's meaning, extent, causes and solutions. Yet it also takes the reader much further into a scholarly, intriguing, and really quite original understanding of corruption. ... No attempt is made to duck the issue - this is a moral question, and an important one at that. There is no place for cultural or moral relativism here; but neither are there simple rights and wrongs.” - Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago, Republic of the Philippines, Chair, Committee on Foreign Relations

“Dr. Rupert Hodder’s scholarly book presents a refreshing perspective on corruption with special attention on individual dynamics making up institutional behavior. It re-echoes all along the fact that in order to address the dynamics of corruption in a sustainable fashion, one has to look both at the institution and the individuals comprising it. This book is a welcome addition to the much needed literature arsenal of governance practitioners, especially those in the public sector.” - Rafael G. Hipolitio, Acting Director, Bureau of Resident Ombudsman, Republic of the Philippines

“In this book, Dr. Rupert Hodder puts together a thoughtful and stimulating debate on the problem of corruption. ... Corruption, he argues, is better understood when analyzed in the context of all kinds of behavior rather than generally treating it as a social phenomenon. Simply put, it is an issue that goes right to the heart of human nature. ... This is a thorough and interesting work of scholarship which I highly recommend to policy-makers, academics, businessmen, journalists, and students.” - Senator Ramon Magsaysay, Jr., Philippine Senate

Table of Contents

Foreword by Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago
Introduction and Acknowledgements
1 Definition, Extent, and Effects
2 The Causes of Corruption: Structural and Cultural Explanations
3 The Causes of Corruption: Structural-Cultural Dialectics and Social Change
4 The Causes of Corruption: Morality and Attitude
5 Solutions
6 Conclusions: A Meaning for Corruption