Subject Area: American Literature

Academic Memoirs - Essays in Literary Criticism for American and British Literatures
2003 0-7734-6681-9
This series of essays in literary criticism cover almost forty years of Dr. Morrow’s work. The initial section is British literature, followed by American literature, including work on Hawthorne, Dos Passos, Frost, Bret Harte, and Catch-22. The book also contains essays on South Pacific possibilities, and concludes with a discussion of the author’s seventeen-year battle with Multiple Sclerosisand the challenge of continuing to teach.

Academic Novels as Satire
2007 0-7734-5418-7
This book explores the ways in which academia serves as a repository for contemporary cultural issues, problems, and performances by way of interpretations of academic fiction that observe this phenomenon. Composed by practicing academics who also appreciate satire aimed at their profession, the authors offer this collection as a correction to increasingly cynical portrayals of academic life. Instead the authors provide interpretations that identify satire as a timely and effective genre for critically commenting on the state of academia because it reveals ethical dimensions that engage an ironic voice to negotiate issues of culture and identity. Included among the essays are the results of responses gathered from practicing authors in the genre of academic satire who provide commentary and insights exclusive to this collection.

America the Beautiful
2012 0-7734-2605-1
“America the Beautiful,” written in 1893 by Wellesley College English Professor and Poet, Katharine Lee Bates (1859-1929), revised and first published in 1895 and revised again in 1904 and 1911, stands among the classic pieces of American National hymnody. The poem reflects not only the natural grandeur of the United States in the late nineteenth century—from sky to earth, and from sea to another—but it depicts the ideal vision of a poet, writing only three decades removed from the American Civil War, who strived extremely hard to communicate to her readers the necessity to preserve the fundamental principles of her nation: freedom and brotherhood. The crowning moment for the poem arrived, at some point during World War I, when an unidentified person or group determined to set Katharine Bates’ words to a tune, “Materna,” written by Samuel Augustus Ward (1847-1903), a now forgotten New Jersey organist, choir director, and music store owner, first published in 1888. Following that “marriage,” “America the Beautiful” then occupied the enviable three-tiered pedestal of poem, patriotic song, and national hymn, and there it remains to this day.

American Dream in African American, Asian American, and Hispanic American Drama: August Wilson, Frank Chin, and Luis Valdez
2009 0-7734-4656-7
This study examines the significance of the American dream in American ethnic drama. In August Wilson’s The Piano Lesson, Frank Chin’s The Chickencoop Chinaman, and Luis Valdez’s Zoot Suit, the African American, Chinese American, and Hispanic American playwrights rearticulate the definition of the American dream for American minority peoples—to rectify their internalized distorted self-image, to implant self-esteem, and to earn the due respect from whites and others. These plays also call for a coalition or solidarity within and among minority groups to struggle against socio-economical exploitation and racial discrimination.

American Epic Novel in the Late Twentieth Century
2008 0-7734-5213-3
This study undertakes close readings of four different epic novels of the 1970s: James A. Michener’s Centennial (1974), Norman Mailer’s The Executioner’s Song (1979), Thomas Pynchon’s Gravity’s Rainbow (1973), and Samuel R. Delany Dhalgren (1975). In these, the author examines the possibilities and pitfalls of the genre and its way of grappling in complex ways with the idea and reality of an American empire.

American Indian in American Literature: A Study on Metaphor
1989 0-88946-168-6
A critical study of the metaphorical Indian in American literature and of the Indian metaphor as created by some of the master writers of American fiction.

American Moral and Sentimental Magazine ( New York 1797-1798): An Annotated Catalogue
2005 0-7734-6137-X
This New York semi-monthly periodical edited by Thomas Kirk appeared from July 1797 through May 1798 under a voluminous title that marks it as a hybrid serial-anthology/magazine: The American Moral & Sentimental Magazine, consisting of a Collection of Select Pieces, in Prose and Verse, from the Best Authors, on Religious, Moral, and Sentimental Subjects, calculated to Form the Understanding and Improve the Heart. Kirk was especially zealous to defend the “sacred and eternal obligations of Virtue and Religion” as that “affords a pleasure truly rational and refined.” Readers were invited to forward their own or any compositions to the editor, but from the outset, it was apparent that the editor would provide a “Collection of Select Pieces” and had material in hand that might or might not be supplemented by local contributions. In particular, as is documented in this annotated catalogue, Kirk provided a great deal on the “moral” and only a modest number of “sentimental” articles. As the annotations here demonstrate, just as travel narratives could serve the cause of religion, morality could be served by a judicious selection from the literature of sentiment, works wherein rough passions were modestly checked by refined emotions and a rational sensibility.

American Travel Narratives as a Literary Genre From 1542-1832 the Art of a Perpetual Journey
1993 0-7734-9304-2
This work establishes the shared theme, topics and stylistic traits of American travel narratives. Though the narratives span three hundred years and the authors belong to three different populations (explorers, colonial settlers, and American citizens), their writings may be grouped together as a genre and assessed by the same standards as other literary works.

America’s Social Classes in the Writings of Edith Wharton: An Analysis of Short Stories
2009 0-7734-4682-6
Between 1891 and 1937 Edith Wharton published some eighty-six short stories, most of them in American magazines, and most of them in volume form as well. In 1968 all of these stories were published by Scribner’s in a two-volume set, The Collected Short Stories of Edith Wharton, edited and with an introduction by R.W.B. Lewis. The present work provides a history of the stories’ appearance in the magazines and their subsequent publication in volume form.

Anne Sexton's Poetry of Redemption the Chronology of a Pilgrimage
1989 0-88946-563-0
A survey of Anne Sexton's poetry from the standpoint of the special statement her poems make, charting the development of that statement by close reading of eight volumes in the order of their publication.

Anthology of the Short Story in 18th and 19th Century America Volume One
2000 0-7734-7842-6
In this anthology, Dr. Pitcher has illustrated and partially defined the beginnings of short fiction in America in the period before the emergence of our modern understanding of the short story. These beginnings are to be found in the gradual coming together of forms such as anecdote, fable, tall-tale and sentimental story with the increasingly diverse aspirations, images, character types, and historical incidents of a people linked by language and culture to Britain and Europe.

Anthology of the Short Story in 18th and 19th Century America Volume Two
2000 0-7734-7844-2
In this anthology, Dr. Pitcher has illustrated and partially defined the beginnings of short fiction in America in the period before the emergence of our modern understanding of the short story. These beginnings are to be found in the gradual coming together of forms such as anecdote, fable, tall-tale and sentimental story with the increasingly diverse aspirations, images, character types, and historical incidents of a people linked by language and culture to Britain and Europe.

Betrayal of Brotherhood in the Work of John Steinbeck: Cain Sign
2000 0-7734-7835-3
This volume contains a diverse and provocative collection of critical essays that explore Steinbeck’s preoccupation with the story of Cain and Abel. Among other things, the essays address the issue of how, for Steinbeck, the story of sibling rivalry reflects a deeper, typically American confusion over whether to chose brotherhood over self-satisfaction. A second issue involves whether mankind should work toward unification with those they consider to be personally threatening or whether such threats should be eliminated through violence. This volume probes the complexity of Steinbeck’s reconstruction of this ancient myth and offers both Biblical and literary scholars the opportunity to examine the various ways he incorporated the story into his extensive canon.

Biographical and Critical Introduction of John Steinbeck
2000 0-7734-7699-7
This study will provide readers with a comprehensive insight into his life and work. It examines his evolution as a writer from 1929 until 1968. It explores not only the themes that preoccupied him as a writer, but also the concepts and philosophies that shaped the course of investigations into the mysteries of human nature and psyche. The book also shows how hi interest in marine biology and his friendship with the scientist Ed Ricketts is also reflected in his work, reaching its greatest fruition in the co-authored volume Sea of Cortez. The linking of this ongoing critical review with a close look at his personal life will enable the reader to identify the provenances of many of his novels and to appreciate fully the difficult circumstances in which some of them were written. An extensive bibliography of primary and secondary sources is included, listing all Steinbeck’s uncollected fiction and non-fiction, and the films that have been made from his works.

Byron Herbert Reece (1917-1958) and the Southern Poetry Tradition
2001 0-7734-7536-2
This is the first book to examine the poetic vision and themes of Reece, looking at his traditional influences but also exploring the poet’s untraditional attention to the ‘insuperable separateness of the individual’. The study also examines the Southern Poetry Tradition and the reasons for the absence of Reece from most critics’ list of southern poets. It also unveils Reece’s complex and at times mysterious personal life that lead to his suicide at age forty.

Clam Lake Papers a Winter in the North Woods
1977 0-7734-1333-2
Reminiscent of Thoreau's Walden or Dillard's Pilgrim at Tinker Creek, this journal bears its own unmistakable stamp of authenticity and originality. The road to meaning is blazed with countless guideposts, if only we are alive to them. The fox whose looping trail circles from the woods to the cabin and back again. The hibernating bear discovered by the steam raised by its body heat under a mound of snow. Even the strangely intrusive television, its flickering image blurred by a different kind of snow. All these contribute in these pages to a new and developing understanding of what it is to be human on our spinning, beleaguered planet. Picks up the crystal of life, turns it curiously and carefully to the light, inspects it from many angles, and sets it gently down again in a slightly different spot from where it was found. As quiet as the winter woods themselves, this book yet spikes like the first crocus of spring with a green and sudden hope.

Compassion in Faulkner's Fiction
1996 0-7734-2260-9
In the history of Faulkner criticism, the term compassion occurs remarkably often. This study is based on the premise that compassion is a vital part of the narrative and affective structures of Faulkner's work. It explores and analyses this compassion in his three early novels (Soldier's Pay, Mosquitoes, and Sartoris) and in three of his major novels (The Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying, and Light in August), thus situating the development of compassion in Faulkner's fiction in the context of his maturation as an artist. While describing the function, nature and effectiveness of compassion in Faulkner's fiction, it engages with relevant critical issues in Faulkner studies. Reception theory, as developed by Wolfgang Iser and Hans-Robert Jauss, provides the theoretical framework necessary to examine the modalities of reception and response-inviting structures of Faulkner's fiction. Respecting the individual reader's unique experience, this study uses reception theory to analyse the readerly process of consistency building. The analyses of the narrative progression and readerly processes of identification of these six novels disclose the significance of compassion: it is central to the increasingly challenging demands Faulkner made on his readers to be active and fully involved participants, co-creators of his texts.

Complete Poems of American Poet Donald E. Stanford, 1913-1998
2002 0-7734-7208-8
This is the first complete collection of Donald E. Stanford’s poems, including the three chapbooks he published, his privately printed poems, and all the extant manuscript poems he did not publish. The textual notes list all the authorial versions, naming the basic text and giving all the variant readings. Tables of Stanford’s editions and collections and their tables of contents are presented, and the appendices provide Stanford’s own statements about his life and poetry. A preface by David Middleton, a well-known poet and scholar in his own right, placed Stanford’s poetry in historical perspective and highlights the salient virtues of his poetic theory and practice.

Complicity and Resistance in Jack London's Novels From Naturalism to Nature
1997 0-7734-8719-0
This study presents a rigorous engagement with Jack London's novels as representations of a particular moment in American history, situating this attention within the wider project of historical understanding. The first section offers a close reading of London's short story "South of the Slot" (1909), in order to construct a theoretical frame upon which to hang later chapters. It then provides a broad historical overview of the critical traditions that for so long ignored London, suggests reasons why. The remaining chapters are devoted to readings of London's most important novels: Call of the Wild, The Sea-Wolf, White Fang, Martin Eden, The Iron Heel, Burning Daylight, The Valley of the Moon, and The Star Rover. Throughout the study, it foregrounds the constant tension between dominant and counterhegemonic voices in London's fiction, arguing that it is this tension that makes his work such a rich seam for the cultural historian.

Concordance to the Minor Poetry of Edward Taylor (1642?-1729), American Colonial Poet
1992 0-7734-9633-5
The purpose of this concordance is to provide a thorough and reliable tool for Taylor scholarship, and to this end it is designed to anticipate the needs of the greatest number of Taylor scholars without compromising the needs of those with special interest in stylistic features of Taylor's work. Among the features are extensive cross-referencing of orthographic variants, treatment of homographs as discrete words, and retention in a verbal index of words typically omitted from concordances. One hundred forty-five poems are concorded here; with few exceptions, the poems do not appear in Gene Russell's A Concordance to the Poems of Edward Taylor.

Constantine Nabokov's Letters to an American Friend, 1906-1913
1988 0-88946-014-0
An edited version of correspondence between Nabokov, a Russian diplomat, and an American friend between the years of 1906 and 1913.

Contemplative Poetry of Edwin Arlington Robinson, Robert Frost, and Yvor Winters
2002 0-7734-7198-7
This study challenges the entrenched view that 20th century American poetry is essentially Emersonian. It examines the current critical debates, outlines assumptions about knowledge, morality, and poetry that lay behind the pursuits of these three poets, defines and lists the chief characteristics of ‘contemplative poetry,’ and then examines poems in depth.

Court, City, and Country Magazine, 1761-65
2002 0-7734-7055-7

Critical Edition of Josephine Lawrence’s if I Had Four Apples (1935)
2011 0-7734-3911-0
This critical edition is the first to examine, and return to print, a rare conservative critique of the shift in American values that came to a head in the 1920s.

Critical Essays on the Works of American Author Dorothy Allison
2004 0-7734-6290-2
This is a collection of essays examining the works of Dorothy Allison (1950- ), one of the most original and influential contemporary American women writers working today. Allison is perhaps best-known as author of the acclaimed best- selling novels Bastard Out of Carolina, a National Book Award Finalist in 1992, and Cavedweller (1998). Her numerous other works have included short story and essay collections, poetry, and an autobiography. The critical essays in this collection consider Allison's short stories and essays, as well as her novels, discussing themes such as trauma and violence, the body, literary and critical connections, and class, among others. As the first major collection of essays to focus solely on Allison's works, this study provides groundbreaking work on an important and interesting contemporary writer. Allison's works attract readers from a range of academic disciplines, and they have found a broad national public readership as well. Thus the audience for this work, like Allison's audience, is unusually diverse, comprising readers interested in a range of gender issues, autobiographical writing, trauma narratives, Southern writing, and lesbian and gay writing and issues.

Crucial Role of the Environment in the Writings of George Stewart (1895-1980)
2006 0-7734-5757-7
This is the first book-length biography of George Rippy Stewart (1895-1980), one of the most influential and neglected U.S. writers of the mid-20th century. Stewart’s works highlighted many of the concerns and issues of U.S. culture in the last century, from McCarthyism to Environmentalism.

Donald Barthelme, Postmodernist American Writer
2001 0-7734-7479-X
This study clarifies and interprets the literary function and value of certain artistic choices made by this major American writer who in four novels and more than 100 short stories constructed a fictive realm. The canon of Barthelme’s work is an invaluable repository of the literary, philosophical, political, and cultural ecology of his time. He is viewed in his own context – upscale New York City, the art circuit and the New Yorker, where he made his reputation and had a relatively loyal readership. Architecture, the cinema, and music all gave him what painters call ‘scrap’ but it was painting that allured him, showed him what the writer could do, and painting that he tried to emulate in voicing the heretofore unvoiced. This study, examining and evaluating an elaborate cross-section of Barthelme’s work, will show that what mattered was method.

Dramatization of Three Melville Novels with an Introduction on Interpretation by Dramatization
1992 0-7734-9443-X
Adaptation of three of Herman Melville's greatest works: Benito Cereno as a libretto for a three-act opera; Billy Budd, Sailor, and Moby Dick as plays.

Edgar Allan Poe's Biographies of Byron
1995 0-7734-1272-7
This is the first systematic analysis of the seventeen tales of Poe's The Tales of the Folio Club. Before he wrote them, Poe had already established a reputation as a poet, and Lord Byron had influenced him more than any other writer. This close reading demonstrates how the Tales appear to be biographies of Byron in disguises, or even in a sense Byronic autobiographies, because their narrators and heroes often exhibit Byron's idiosyncratic mannerisms. The Tales prove to be seamless continuations of Poe's poetry, and major intertexts of Byron's life and works.

Edited Edition of Anna Ella Carroll's the Great American Battle
1996 0-7734-9019-1
Anna Ella Carroll, a politically active woman, usually a Republican, who was the architect of Lincoln's military plan to cut the CSA in half, may be one of the most significant and influential, if bigoted and controversial, figures of nineteenth-century American political thought. The Great American Battle is her magnum opus. This edited edition contains an original and well-researched introduction, and notes of explanation on the text, clarifying for the reader some of Carroll's references and allegories. The introductory section discusses the two people who figure prominently in the manuscript, former President Millard Fillmore (many thought she and he would wed after his wife died) and Bishop Hughes, the object of many of Carroll's attacks.

Edited Edition of Sarah Orne Jewett’s the Country of the Pointed Firs
2003 0-7734-6588-X
This is the only edition of Country to be published as Country was originally published by Houghton in 1896 and have an introduction that stays true to the original narrative. Many of the other extant editions had later stories interpolated into the original narrative which disrupted the narrative line, or added in at the end.

Edward J. O’brien and His Role in the Rise of the American Short Story in the First Half of the Twentieth Century
2001 0-7734-7395-5
This biography provides a balanced assessment of the true achievement of this complex and work-driven personality, who played an essential role as a discerning editor at a time when the short story scene in American was undergoing a radical evolution. In April 1916, he published The Best Short Stories of 1915, which proved to be the first of the series of annual anthologies of the short stories he considered the cream of those appearing in US magazines during the preceding 12 months. It continued under his guidance until the 1941 volume published posthumously in his name. In the eyes of many young writers – Sherwood Anderson, Ernest Hemingway, and William Saroyan, for example – he became regarded as a respected authority, providing them with encouragement and inspiration by reprinting their stories in his anthologies. He loyally supported the so-called ‘little’ magazines and was instrumental in drawing the attention of both readers and writers to their existence. In Oxford, he co-edited the short-lived New Stories as an anticipated British equivalent of Story.

Edwin Arlington Robinson. Stages in a New England Poet's Search
1987 0-88946-557-6
Gives renewed attention to Robinson's response to and reaction against the historical events, personalities, and tendencies of America from the time of his birth in the Gilded Age (b. 1869) to the New Deal (d. 1935).

Emergence and Decline of American Literary Personalism. From Whitman to Bowne
2004 0-7734-6370-4
Personalism was a philosophic movement centered in Boston and led by Borden Parker Bowne. His disciples, Albert C. Knudson, Ralph Tyler Flewelling, and Egdar Sheffield Brightman, gave it energetic if not long life; the therapist-philosopher Carl Rogers is its only well-known, modern proponent. The Personalist Forum is the journal for the small, hardy group of scholars who publish in this field. Dr. Bernard Schmidt argues with telling effect that there were literary precursors to the Boston Personalists whom scholars need to study if the movement is to be thoroughly understood. Walt Whitman published his article “Personalism” in The Galaxy in 1868. Along with his Personalistic declarations in Democratic Vistas (1871), it provokes the idea that Whitman was a Personalist who used his philosophy to undergird “Song of Myself.”

The book stresses emergence rather than decline. Whitman and Alcott were important voices in American Personalistic literature, the former speaking through “Song of Myself,” the latter through a clear and well-reasoned dispute with Emerson. Of course, both had other Personalistic pronouncements. So this study emphasizes the impact of Personalism on American literature; this has not been done before. It shows that Alcott had more to say in his letters, journals, and books than Emerson and more modern critics have allowed. Whitman’s reputation has been made, but his Galaxy article “Personalism” reveals an added dimension of his thought. With its cosmic optimism, it shares the direction of Arthur O. Lovejoy’s Great Chain of Being. Let not obscurity diminish the value of American literary Personalism, which comes to us in seminal form from Whitman and the lesser light Alcott.

Essays on the Literature of American Novelist John Marquand (1893-1960)
2004 0-7734-6277-5
This study is intended for a general academic audience, from advanced undergraduate students to professional literary scholars. The book aims to reintroduce Marquand, a respected and critically-received author of the 1930's, 1940s, and 1950s, to a modern (or postmodern) audience. Marquand was considered a master of the "novel of manners", a type of fiction that examines the cultural and social milieu of the author, usually (but not always) in a contemporary setting. Thus, for example, while The Late George Apley begins in the 1800s, it concludes in the 1930s (the novel won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1837). This edited work contains eight diverse treatments of Marquand, his career, and his novels and stories. Thomas Kuhlman discusses Marquands mentoring of Nebraska author Carl Jonas through their epistolary correspondence, while Millicent Bell discusses the ways that Marquand and his agents handled 1he "business" of being a noted, and commercial, author. Will and Mimosa Stephenson examine in detail the cultural setting for the protagonist in H.M. Pulliam, Esquire, and show its similarities to the biography of another notable Yankee, Henry Adams. John Regan turns readers back to the "classic" upper-class/immigrant class dichotomy that is critical to an understanding of The Late George Apley. While Randall Waller examines the structures of knowledge systems evident in Point of No Return, Richard Wires discusses the heroic characters in the popular Mr. Moto series of stories and novels. Fred Tarpley and Mark Noe discuss the ways that labeling of one or another sort can shape perception in the general body of Marquand's work, , as Tarpley discusses the effect of names in Marquand's work, and Noe examines the less-than-perfect role of women in Marquand's fiction. Together, the essays examine a wide selection of Marquand's work from a variety of viewpoints.

Examination of Political Pessimism in the Works of American Novelist Harold Frederic, 1856-1898
1998 0-7734-8278-4
A reading of Frederic's major novels against the cultural and political history of the 1880s and 1890s reveals his skepticism regarding the popular analysis of the West as a democratic frontier and his challenge t the popular-progressives' celebration of grassroots democracy and agrarian America. Pessimism controls Frederic's portrayal of his politicians, his critical treatment of their rhetorical and manipulative devices and their platforms, and his assessment of the people who elect the politicians. This study examines the major works and rescues him from being classified as a comic realist for a political optimist.

Explaining Imagism
2007 0-7734-5427-6
In the present study, the innovative and cerebral poetry of the Imagist movement, which revolutionized modern English and American poetry, has been analyzed in its contextual and intertextual relationships with other arts. Consequently, the book is like the texts it attempts to investigate, a peculiar hybrid, a collage of three basic materials or analytical perspectives: an excerpt from an Imagist manifesto sketched out in handwriting (context), a torn out printed page from a first edition of Des Imagistes (text), and a photograph of a museum installation of a room devoted to Modernist art (intertext).

Extant Poetry and Prose of Max Michelson, Imagist (1880-1953)
2000 0-7734-7806-X
Max Michelson was closely associated with Harriet Monroe and Poetry magazine from 1915 to 1921, after which time he was interned in a state mental hospital until his death. His poetry was regularly featured in Poetry, Others, and The Egoist, and in anthologies of ‘the new poetry’. Michelson’s work, both verse and prose, mediated between the populist orientation of Sandburg and Masters and the intellectualized European inclination of Pound and Eliot. This study includes a biographical essay which evolves into a historical and critical consideration of him and his work. The body of Michelson’s extant verse consists of the 57 published poems. This volume also includes prose, reviews, an essay, and letters from Michelson to Harriet Monroe. This will be a valuable volume for literary scholars of the period and university libraries, especially those with modern poetry collections.

Fiction in American Magazines Before 1800. Vol. 1
2002 0-7734-7107-3

Fiction in American Magazines Before 1800. Vol. 2
2002 0-7734-7103-0

Fiction in American Magazines Before 1800. Vol. 3
2002 0-7734-7101-4

Flannery O' Connor. Her Life, Library, and Book Reviews
1980 0-88946-996-2
A survey of O'Connor's life and works, with a description of her personal library and the texts of 70-plus book reviews that O'Connor wrote in the last ten years of her life.

Flannery O’ Connor, Literary Theologian
2000 0-7734-8531-7
This volume sets forth and explores critically O’Connor’s personal habits and disciplines, as well as examining her resources of being and her own reflections on them.

Friendship of Two New England Poets: Robert Frost and Robert Francis. A Lecture Presented at the Robert Frost Farm in Derry, New Hampshire
2009 0-7734-3899-8
This work demonstrates, through a selection of Robert Francis’s depictions of Robert Frost, the importantance of an often overlooked literary friendship influenced the lives of both New England poets. This book contains seven black and white photographs and one color photograph.

Fugitive Slave Law in The Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave and Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin: American Society Transforms Its Culture
2013 0-7734-4518-8
This book shows how abolitionists used rhetoric and discourse, rather than violence, to change opinions about slavery. Books like Uncle Tom’s Cabin incite people to take action and they provoke a sense of urgency about the matter. Less than a decade before an impending civil war the United States enacted the Compromise of 1850, which among other things revived the Fugitive Slave Law of 1793 in a more aggravated form. The main stipulation of the law was to impose strict monetary and legal penalties against those who aided the escape or impeded the capture of fugitive slaves. Frederick Douglass and Harriet Beecher Stowe urged Americans to break the Fugitive Slave Law and free blacks across America. These are the most important texts from the American Antebellum Era that dealt with slavery and emancipation. This book explores the implications of the Fugitive Slave Law and the impact that these two figures had during that time period in American history. The argument is that Douglass and Stowe used language instead of violence to convince Americans to break the law, and that not all Americans agreed with the law.

Garth Jeffers Recalls His Father, Robinson Jeffers: Recollections of a Poet's Son
2012 0-7734-2938-3
Robinson Jeffers was considered one of the most important American poets of the early 20th century, yet the story behind his family life has not been told from his son’s perspective. How he managed to remain a prolific poet while raising a family is the topic of this book, along with anecdotes about the famous and influential literary, artistic, and creative figures who frequently visited the Jeffers household near Big Sur, California.

George Gissing's American Notebook Notes: G. R. G. 1877
1993 0-7734-9227-5
Gissing's American Notebook is detailed record of the books he read, quotations that struck him, ideas for stories, and names and addresses of periodicals and their editors and publishers. Given the paucity of letters or personal documents relating to the year Gissing spent in America, the publication of the American Notebook, almost the last of his writings to appear in print, will fascinate Gissing scholars and general readers alike, for the light it may throw upon biographical and professional questions connected with this crucial period when he started his career as a writer.

George Gissing, Lost Stories From America. Five Signed Stories Never Before Reprinted, a Sixth Signed Story and Seven Recent Attributions
1992 0-7734-9485-5
This volume makes available to scholars and libraries the inaccessible works of Gissing's earliest period, along with information about his Chicago exile. An extended introduction is followed by eleven stories, each accompanied by a separate commentary.

Gore Vidal's Historical Novels and the Shaping of American Political Consciousness
2005 0-7734-6031-4
As a writer of sophisticated historical fiction, satirical fantasies and incisive essays on the political and cultural condition of America, Gore Vidal’s reputation is well-established. This study explores Gore Vidal’s use of classical scepticism in his historical novels and in his politics. While a great deal has been written about Vidal, there has not yet been published a serious analysis of his philosophical approach to the reading and interpretation of history, and how this in turn informs the writing of his historical fiction. What this study offers is a full understanding of how Vidal’s sceptical and dissenting views reflect the mind of a politically committed and serious thinker, and, in turn, how these views directly inform the creation of a body of writing that is as intellectually challenging as it is engagingly varied in form and character.

Guide to the Characters in the Novels, Short Stories, and Plays of Sinclair Lewis ( A-G)
2006 0-7734-5560-4
This work shows the sheer quantity of fictional characters that emerge from the novels, short stories and the occasional play of Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951), which contribute significantly to the character, quality and art of American fiction during the first half of the twentieth century. In addition to the summary of each character’s description and function, this guide includes a seventy-page listing of actual persons who are contemporaries of Lewis, and figures from history, literature, science, and philosophy, whose names Lewis felt should be mentioned in a variety of contexts or who were assigned cameo roles. A summary of each novel, short, story or play is included.

Guide to the Characters in the Novels, Short Stories, and Plays of Sinclair Lewis ( H-R)
2006 0-7734-5561-2
This work shows the sheer quantity of fictional characters that emerge from the novels, short stories and the occasional play of Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951), which contribute significantly to the character, quality and art of American fiction during the first half of the twentieth century. In addition to the summary of each character’s description and function, this guide includes a seventy-page listing of actual persons who are contemporaries of Lewis, and figures from history, literature, science, and philosophy, whose names Lewis felt should be mentioned in a variety of contexts or who were assigned cameo roles. A summary of each novel, short, story or play is included.

Guide to the Characters in the Novels, Short Stories, and Plays of Sinclair Lewis ( S-Z)
2006 0-7734-5562-0
This work shows the sheer quantity of fictional characters that emerge from the novels, short stories and the occasional play of Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951), which contribute significantly to the character, quality and art of American fiction during the first half of the twentieth century. In addition to the summary of each character’s description and function, this guide includes a seventy-page listing of actual persons who are contemporaries of Lewis, and figures from history, literature, science, and philosophy, whose names Lewis felt should be mentioned in a variety of contexts or who were assigned cameo roles. A summary of each novel, short, story or play is included.

Henry James - The Essayist Behind the Novelist
2003 0-7734-6768-8
This study explores the essay as ‘genre’ and its relation to other genres, most significantly the novel, with a focus on Henry James. For theoretical dimensions, it compares Lukacs’s and Adorno’s critical theories on the essay; for historical contexts, it discusses James’s contemporary critics, including Arnold, Carlyle, Ruskin, Newman, Mill, Macauley, Pater, St. Beuve, and Emerson. It examines the importance of James’s essays and explains how the overlooked critical spirit inherent in them motivated his novelistic career. It argues that his essays reveal dialectically conflicting and complementary relationships between the genre of the essay and that of the novel and that these relationships account for various conflicting perceptions of James.

Herman Melville's Billy Budd and the Cybernetic Imagination
1995 0-7734-9025-6
This study takes on the interpretation of Billy Budd from a fresh perspective, one lying outside the customary spheres of literature and politics. It examines it in light of the scientific revolution marking both the setting of the story (the late 18th century) and Melville's own age a century later. The author argues that this revolution, made manifest not only in the ever-greater hegemony of the machine but in the written expression of the times (the utopian novel, science fiction), provided a backdrop for Melville to address not so much the plight of an innocent seaman or the relevance of Christianity, as the infiltration of science into the province of art and, by extension, the writing of fiction "calculated to ... egregiously deceive." This perspective can best resolve all the seeming ambiguities of the narrative, as we read beneath the surface to discover who (or what) Melville's Handsome Sailor really is: an ingenious token of aesthetic deception meant to gull all who witness amid a "willful suspension of disbelief."

Hero and Anti-Hero in the American Football Novel
2006 0-7734-5554-X
This book features an examination of the rise and evolution of the football narrative (1870 to present) in order to analyze and define the process by which American men have sought to fashion masculine identity over the last century. The athletic hero functions as a representative of a larger number of templates or centers (the religious man, the business tycoon, the family man, the rebel, etc), many of which have been used by various men to make meaning of their lives. By using the literature as a lens through which to examine the center of the athletic hero, the author concludes that the process of masculinity that most men have been working through via athletic and other centers can be termed “ironic resistance”, a condition which features the creation, elevation and maintenance of various centers due to a number of cultural factors that men adopt as a basis for their identity, then question, and then fully resist. However, because they have no other workable alternatives, men wind up in an ironic, circular, sometimes destructive process: at the same time rejecting and clinging to the only centers they see available to them.

Hervey Allen a Literary Historian in America
1988 0-88946-232-1
A study of Hervey Allen's life and art, which provides a commentary on America in changing times and represents, according to the author, "a kaleidoscope through which twentieth-century existence between 1919-1949 may be viewed."

Higher Humanism of Wallace Stevens
1991 0-88946-792-7
Offers well-documented evidence for a more classical and philosophically optimistic interpretation of Stevens than has been appreciated thus far. Contains chapters on collected essays, letters and journals, major long poems, major short poems, existing scholarship, and the philosophic tradition in which Stevens should be located.

Historiography and Narrative Design in the American Romance - Study of Four Authors
2001 0-7734-7438-2
This analysis provides a detailed review of historiographic theory in Europe and America from the Enlightenment through the 19th century, and using M. M. Bakhtin’s theory of novelistic discourse, explores the manner in which historiographic models are incorporated dialogically in the works of James Fenimore Cooper , William Gilmore Simms, Lydia Maria Child, and Nathaniel Hawthorne.

Hobo Life in the Great Depression
2005 0-7734-6024-1
In an age when the discovery and publication of forgotten or unknown texts, and the rediscovery of neglected works, are helping to expand the canon of literature with all its distinctively American characteristics, the publication of Edward C. Weideman’s book is a significant event. His writing provides a classic expression of the American experience sometimes labeled in literary studies as “modernism,” which encompasses the early twentieth-century search for the meaning of life in an era of social and economic breakdown, characterized by a sense of loss of a stable, secure world based on a belief in and reliance on absolute truth. The hobo narrative achieves a vividness, authenticity, and directness which might be termed “virtue of location,” drawing the reader into a time warp of Chinatown in Chicago and later the small-town life of Midwestern America in the 1930s, placing it in the tradition of such writers as Walt Whitman, John Steinbeck, Willa Cather, Sinclair Lewis, and Hamlin Garland. The three short stories, written at a time when that genre was receiving increasing recognition as a serious art form, include a poignant tale of a teenager’s rite of passage through humiliation over his father’s perceived lack of education to a profound respect for his father’s wisdom and courage, a story about two old maids who hatch a plot against their ailing older brother that ends in a delightfully humorous final twist, and a macabre tale of a bizarre series of events, reminiscent of Poe.

How Charles Baudelaire Interpreted the Poetry of Edgar Allan Poe: The Rhythmical Creation of Beauty
2016 1-4955-0518-9
This work examines the parallel lives, beliefs, and artistic principles of Charles Baudelaire and Edgar Allan Poe, with an analysis of representative verse of Poe from the viewpoint of Baudelaire as he undertook the task of artistic comparison. There is no denying, however, that both men did indeed possess superior analytical minds, extensive knowledge, and an extraordinary vocabulary, and in describing Poe Baudelaire could have been describing himself.

How One City’s Cultural Tradition Shaped American Identity in the Nineteenth Century. Essays on Henry James’s the Bostonians (1886)
2008 0-7734-5038-6
This work is a welcome addition to the existing scholarship on Henry James. While previous analyses have focused on the writer’s New York associations, this study offers a comprehensive examination of James’s Boston connections.

Humanistic Interpretations of Modern British and American Writers
2006 0-7734-5732-1
This book of essays on a number of major British and American writers highlights the extraordinary versatility of twentieth-century literature. It was a period during which not simply one or two, but all the major genres flourished. The editor illustrates this convincingly by selecting a range of poets, novelists and dramatists, and often by focusing on individual writers’ achievements in genres other than those for which they have received the most recognition. The novelist Thomas Hardy, for example, is considered as a poet; another major novelist, D.H. Lawrence, is treated both as a dramatist and as a literary critic, while Ernest Hemingway is discusses as a war correspondent.

The special merit of this collection is that, unlike a great deal of modern literary criticism, it treats literature as a humanist project – by concerning themselves with fundamental truths, these writers have produced works of abiding interest and value. The editor particularly demonstrates that even in the bleak landscape of twentieth-century literary wasteland, there are clear signs of hope. Hemingway’s belief that an individual may be destroyed but not defeated is shown to be fully upheld by major writers on both sides of the Atlantic.

Ideological Content and Political Significance of Twentieth-Century American Poetry
2001 0-7734-7316-5
Freely drawing on philosophy, sociology, literary criticism, and cultural studies to analyze poetics and rhetorical strategies and show the aesthetic responses of poets to a chaotic and confusing age, this book discusses the vital political movements of totalitarianism and utopian thought, in the context of modern poetry. It examines how the poetry of Ezra Pound, Charles Olson and the Language Poets both masks and transforms political thought. In its examination of political consciousness, this study will aid readers in deciphering meaning in texts that have often struck critics as arbitrary, nonsensical, frustrating, and impenetrable.

Image and Influence of the Oklahoma Prairie in Washington Irving’s Tour of the West
2004 0-7734-6459-X
This work is a textual study of Washington Irving’s book: A Tour on the Prairies which he wrote as a record of his trip in 1832 through what is now Oklahoma. He traveled with Henry Ellsworth, the first commissioner of Indian Affairs appointed by President Andrew Jackson, a travel writer, and a young Swiss count. Their excursion though the unsettled, pristine landscape is recorded in Irving’s book; however the book becomes a testament to the impact of environment on the language of the writer. This book is close examination of how the geography of Oklahoma informs Irving’s rhetoric, how it shapes his image of the West, and how it transfers his preconceived western mythology into a pure image of the Oklahoma prairie.

Imperialism and Social Class in the Novels of Henry James
2012 0-7734-2560-8
This is the first study to critically examine the novels of William James using class studies.

Importance of Place in the American Literature of Hawthorne, Thoreau, Adams, Crane, and Faulkner American Writers, American Culture, and the American Dream
1990 0-88946-163-5
Studies American writers, American culture, and the American dream in terms of myths of region, as dramatized in the lives and writings of major American authors. Place-myths are made to come alive by showing how they are dramatized in these authors' lives and the writings. The final section of the book focuses on the equally important American sense or experience of the loss of place.

Influence of Emerson and Whitman on the Cuban Poet José Martí. Themes of Immigration, Colonialism, and Independence
2010 0-7734-4728-8
This study analyzes the impact of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Walt Whitman on José Martí and his search for a political and cultural design for postcolonial Latin America. Martí integrated Emerson’s call for individual self-reliance and for cultural independence from Europe, as well as Whitman’s embrace of liberty and democracy and his poetry and prose reveal the formal and conceptual influence of the two North American writers.

Influence of Music on American Literature Since 1890. A History of Aesthetic Counterpoint
2008 0-7734-5135-8
Music and literature are the so-called “sister arts,” and since around 1890, many of the American writers who use music in their works have created their hybrid, musico-literary worlds by focusing on two or three of the following musical elements: counterpoint, Wagnerian music dramas, and player pianos. This work explores the changing American discourse as a contrapuntal rope consisting of three symbolic elements/threads interacting in a unique way in the periods of realism/naturalism, modernism, and postmodernism.

Interpretation of the Social Theories and Novels of Daniel Quinn: How Can We Create a Sustainable Society?
2009 0-7734-4652-4
This study examines the work of social theorist and novelist, Daniel Quinn, best-known for his award-winning novel, Ishmael. It is the first comprehensive study of Quinn’s philosophy, much of which directly concerns the crisis of planetary overuse.

Irish in Popular Literature in the Early American Republic Paddy Whacking
2000 0-7734-7838-8
This anthology collects and organizes the multiform depictions of the Irish from 1786-1840, in a volume that establishes the origins of the American cultural fixation on representations of the Irish.

Irony in the Short Stories of Edith Wharton
2005 0-7734-5984-7
In response to the disintegration of Emersonian idealism at the end of the nineteenth century, some writers resorted to sentimental or sensational fiction; not so Edith Wharton who turned instead to irony as both her mark of literary distinction and her comment on the tendencies of the fiction of her day. This study will examine a relatively small group of stories that represent the span of Wharton’s literary career and the “crucial instances” of Wharton’s complex irony. Wharton’s use of irony is directly related to her choice of three types of third-person narrators: the observer narrator, the spectator-narrator, and the suppressed narrator, each of whom convey different levels of ironic effect.

Jean Jacques Rousseau and Political Literature in Colonial America Revised Edition
2001 0-7734-8919-3
This completely revised and expanded edition examines the political thought of Jean-Jacques Rousseau within the framework of Romanticism and how it applies to the areas of nature, human nature, society, and political development. It traces his influence and non-influence in the writings of Thomas Paine, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, the Connecticut Wits (especially Joel Barlow) , Royall Tyler, and Hugh Henry Brackenridge. It places emphasis on where these writers overlap and disagree. Applicable quotations – but not taken out of context - from the original French of Rousseau's works Émile, Du Contrat Social, Discours sur l'Inegalité, etc., (with English translations) are compared with notable examples from the above-mentioned authors. Based upon these comparisons, the author makes well-founded conclusions concerning the political outcome of the American Revolution and the ensuing development of an American national identity. Of particular importance in this regard is the chapter on the Melody of Politics, in which the author argues the cause of Romanticism and the role of Rousseau and American music in the formation of political attitudes that not only had immanence, but influenced national identity. Since there is relatively little research on Rousseau's influence in the life of colonial America, this book, which is almost double the length of the first edition, makes a scholarly and lasting contribution to this field in particular, as well as to Rousseau research in general.

Revised edition 2001

Jonathan Edwards' Grammar of Time, Self, and Society a Critique of the Heimert Thesis
1993 0-7734-9389-1
Provides a close, critical examination of the Heimert thesis. Also offer a close textual examination of the corpus of Edwards's writing in relation to the question of America's symbolic foundations.

Key ( Fredericktown, Maryland, 1798). An Annotated Catalogue of the Contents with Notes on Authors and Sources
2006 0-7734-6143-4
This Maryland magazine published at Fredericktown by John D. Cary, appeared weekly for twenty-seven numbers, from 13 January through 14 July 1798. The intention was from the beginning to publish selections from various works of entertainment or of cultural value, supplemented by original articles from contributors. Each eight-page number is a blend of prose and verse pieces, with an admixture of brief items of practical value, snippets of news, announcements, etc. Reprinted articles were marked as such by opening and closing quotation symbols, but without mention of sources.

The author here, as the historian of magazines, has undertaken the necessary detective work to let one judge this periodical’s place among similar works. The annotated files disclose the heavy dependency of The Key on previously published material; The author allows that only in the “Observer” serial is there a case for originality, as some of those essays effectively use the idiomatic and colloquial manner of the best contemporary American essay serials (Noah Webster’s “Prompter,” Issac Story’s “Beri Hesdin,” David Everett’s “Common Sense in Dishabille,” John Chamberlain’s “Hermit,” et al.).

The file of published articles is arranged chronologically (by date of publication in The Key) within the Register, and annotations there are meant to assess the kinds of materials published, and as fully as possible to identify sources or routes of transmission (patterns of reprinting between first publication and use in The Key). Ephemeral advertisements, announcements, news items, etc., are noted briefly in the Register, but not indexed. All the literary prose and verse pieces have been filed alphabetically by title, and by initial wording. In an Appendix, Pitcher shows that The Key had a slavish dependence not just on one source, but on three years of a particular magazine, namely 1791, 1795-96, the third, seventh and eighth volumes of the Massachusetts Magazine (at least 120 articles were reprinted).

The annotated index for sources and authors allows one to determine at a glance the kinds of works used as source-texts, and the frequency of the editor’s use of each.

Ladies Magazine, 1749-53
2002 0-7734-6979-6

Language Study of Arthur Miller’s Plays. The Poetic in the Colloquial
2002 0-7734-7089-1

Letters (1971-1977) of Robert Molloy
1989 0-88946-167-8
Between 1945 and 1962 Molloy (1906-1977) had ten novels published and established himself as a great American novelist of the South. His letters to Melvin Yoken, the editor, offer the reader brilliant and coruscating aperçus of the writer, his oeuvre, and his epoch.

Letters From Nineteenth Century American Children to Robert Merry’s Museum Magazine
2001 0-7734-7505-2
Published from 1841 to 1872, Robert Merry’s Museum was the premiere American children’s magazine of its time (its editors included Samuel Goodrich, S. T. Allen, John N. Stearns, and Louisa May Alcott), and the first American periodical for children to publish letters from its subscribers. They often told ‘Uncle Robert’ all about themselves, their families, and their activities: the result is a record of the lives of ordinary people in nineteenth-century America. Here is the growing pre-War sectionalism, the Civil War and its aftermath, attitudes toward minorities and public figures, women’s rights, and major events. The collection of over 600 letters will appeal to those interested in American social history, women’s studies, media history, and popular culture.

Literary Achievements of the American Poet Robert Penn Warren: His Life-Long Struggles with Morality, Myth, and Modernity
2009 0-7734-3897-1
This study examines Robert Penn Warren’s poetry within the social and cultural dynamics of the Twentieth Century. The work fills a gap in Warren scholarship by problematizing and extending existing studies and initiating discussions on Warren’s writings that have garnered little critical attention.

Martha Dickinson Bianchi (1866-1943) An American Poet of the First World War
2015 1-4955-0315-1
An important and engaging study of the original work and writings of Martha Dickinson Bianchi, the niece of poet Emily Dickinson. This book establishes Martha as a prolific poet, novelist, essayist and translator. As we approach the 100th anniversary of the Great War, this study will help us to rethink how women experienced that war by identifying a significant woman poet who published during the first two decades of the 20th century but whose work has largely been ignored.

Mustering of Support for World War I by the Ladies' Home Journal
1997 0-7734-2250-1
This study concentrates mainly on the visual ways in which The Ladies' Home Journal conveyed the Journal's political and social views in its wartime editions. It demonstrates how the editor, Edward Bok, orchestrated elements of his magazine to serve his editorial vision, namely that the United States should be involved in the Great War, and in enlisting the active support of the readers.

Rhetorical Deception in the Short Fiction of Hawthorne, Poe, and Melville
1998 0-7734-8240-7
This study analyzes an innovative rhetorical strategy employed in certain of the most challenging and frequently misunderstood stories of the American Renaissance, including ‘Young Goodman Brown,’ ‘Murders in the Rue Morgue,’ and ‘Benito Cereno.’ In these stories, the reader is rhetorically beguiled into sharing the point of view of a character who is self-deluded and implicated in crime, yet whose true nature is never explicitly revealed, except through the works’ latent symbolic structure. Although the study draws on the insights of previous scholarship, it seeks to offer original readings of these stories, identifying them as a significant sub-genre of the modern short story.

Study of the Birth Imagery of Sylvia Plath, American Poet 1932-1963
1992 0-7734-9489-8
By investigating Plath's maternal experience between 1959 and 1963, its transformation into unique poetic imagery has been elicited through a detailed exegesis of her verse and novel. This is an examination of how maternity helped Plath originate a new faith, style and direction in her writing. Full use is made of the dating of The Collected Poems to rectify previous confusion and omissions, and the vital interaction between her life and art is considered in the light of the available biographic materials, despite their limitations. This work does not, however, limit her work to a single perspective, but synthesizes the soundest elements of diverse critical reaction, at the same time exposing fashionable misconceptions that still distort her art.

Survey of Multicultural San Francisco Bay Literature, 1955-1979: Ishmael Reed, Maxine Hong Kingston, Frank Chin, and the Beat Generation
2009 0-7734-3828-9
This work examines how writers in the San Francisco Bay Area worked to develop a multiculturalist American literature. This study counteracts popular narratives of multiculturalism’s boom in the late 1980s and early 1990s by showing that a large group of culturally eclectic writers in the Bay Area were re-envisioning American identity through a multiculturalist looking glass many years earlier.

William Carlos Williams's Early Poetry the Visual Arts Background
1984 0-7734-1986-1
The aim of this study is twofold: to document Williams' interest in and response to such movements as vorticism, Dada and the American "local school," and to apply this background material to a close examination of his verse as he moved toward the complex structure of Spring and All. The book uses sources from unpublished Williams material, and draws upon many uncollected articles that appeared in the "little magazines" of the 1910s and 20s. This study has an international scope, recognizing Williams' important relationship with Ezra Pound and also his interest in the work and theories of Kandinsky.

Writings of Celia Parker Woolley (1848-1919), Literary Activist
1998 0-7734-8358-6
No other literary study of Celia Parker Woolley exists at this time. This important woman writer, social worker, and Unitarian minister wrote novels which rank with those of her more well-known contemporaries such as Margaret Delan, Henry Adams, and William Dean Howells. This study sets its literary subject in social, religious, and historical contexts, contributing to the cultural studies of late-19th century America.