Roma, Elisa 2014 0-7734-0055-9 296 pages This is a multi-authored volume which gathers essays devoted to Early Irish originally presented at the XIV International Congress of Celtic Studies, held in Maynooth, August 1-5, 2011. The topics covered, either from a synchronic or a diachronic perspective, range from phonetics and phonology to morphology and syntax with some semantics.
Stein-Smith, Kathleen 2023 1-4955-1077-8 416 pages This edited volume is a collaborative project including essays by language educators from around the world. "The chapters illuminate how much language education has continued to adapt to the needs of learners around the world, taking into account a multiplicity of identities and lived experiences, from Sub-Saharan Africa to North America to East Asia. They also reveal the true passion, dedication, and patience that language can bring to their work, both in terms of helping a wide range of learners grasp skills, yet also in igniting curiosity and compassion." -Nick Gozik, from The Foreword
Norwick, Stephen A. 2006 0-7734-5593-0 484 pages Modern European languages have a large number of metaphors which represent the whole of nature. Many of these, such as Mother Nature, the celestial harmony, the great chain of being, and the book of nature, are used in natural science and in literature. Most of these words can be traced back into prehistory where they arose mythologically from the same small set of images. Metaphors have a powerful influence on the framing of scientific hypothesis making, and so these words have guided the history of natural science, for good or ill, for several millennia. Newtonian mechanics, for example was motivated by the idea of celestial harmony, whereas Darwin used the images of the great chain of being and Mother Nature, and James Hutton created modern geology and ecology by mixing the images of nature as the macrocosm, and as a machine.
The images elicited by these phrases have also been important in the development of the positive feeling for nature, which existed in the Hellenic and Hellenistic society, which was lost in the Middle Ages, and which has been developing again since the Renaissance, and especially since Earth Day, 1970. Each chapter in this book is a parallel longitudinal history of a word or phrase which represents the whole of nature, and which has influenced natural science and general literature, and especially North American Nature writing. Ironically, as natural science developed, and enabled our technological society to destroy natural areas more and more rapidly, science strengthened the fundamental images of nature, and was used by nature writers to encourage a revaluing of the natural world.