Subject Area: Europe

1918-1919 Pandemic of Influenza the Urban Impact in the Western World
1992 0-7734-9195-3
This book provides the reader with a general comparison of the pandemic's effect in cities across the Western world: Frankfort, Marseille, Paris, Manchester, Atlanta, Chicago, San Diego, Guatemala City, and Rio de Janeiro. The work was done by scholars with expertise in the history of the area under consideration. They provide a brief description of the city's importance; statistical data on mortality and morbidity; an examination of the public health response; the pandemic's impact on everyday life; and the economic effect of the pandemic.

An Annotated Bibliography on the History of Usury and Interest From the Earliest Times Through the Eighteenth Century
2004 0-7734-6456-5


An Ethnogeography of Late Medieval Bruges - Evolution of the Corporate Milieu 1280-1349
2004 0-7734-6421-2
This work uses an ethnogeographic approach to synthesize commonly partitioned material and archival evidence to examine the urban history and cultural geography of Medieval Bruges from 1280-1349.

BBC Broadcasts to Portugal in World War 2. How Radio Was Used as a Weapon of War
2011 0-7734-1487-8
The study employs archival research to produce a narrative of the early history of radio in Portugal, from its emergence through to the end of World War II. It analyzes foreign broadcasters' impact in the country during the War.

Biographical Encyclopedia of Medical Travel Authors: Continental Europe
2010 0-7734-3685-5
The collection is a wide-ranging reference guide. The six volumes are made up of one-paragraph biographies of medical travel authors drawn from all peoples and regions of the world. The authors are included because they have published a book of travel or have left significant material of book potential. Some space is given to travellers from abroad into the region represented by the volume.

Biographical Summaries, Historical Backgrounds, and Annotated Bibliographical Checklists of the Literary and Artistic Stracheys (1550-2000)
2015 0-7734-3505-0
This chronological survey of five centuries of the Strachey family’s literary accomplishments reveals the social, cultural and intellectual environments in which this remarkable extended family lived and worked.

Britain, Italy, Germany and the Spanish Civil War
1998 0-7734-8491-4
Based on primary sources at the Public Record Office, particularly the Cabinet and Foreign Office Papers, as well as secondary sources, this study shows the pattern of British government policy toward Mussolini and how it tacitly encouraged his aggressive wars against Libya, Ethiopia and Spain.

Contemporary Polish Migration in Europe
2006 0-7734-5766-6
This book concentrates on the migration experiences of Polish legal and undocumented migrants in four European countries (Germany, Greece, Italy and the United Kingdom). It explores why and how immigrants leave their homes, how they develop network ties with fellow nationals or natives, how they seek to improve their living and working conditions, if and how they adapt to the host country and/or how they move on returning to Poland or going elsewhere. The aim of the book is to look at the migration experience from the insiders’ perspective. For this reason, four chapters are devoted to presenting the original narratives of the immigrants’ life stories. In the analytical chapters, we discuss the migration trajectories of Poles in different European countries with a view to assessing in what ways their plans and experiences reflect new types of mobility and migration in Europe. We question the dynamics of the labor market and the ways in which the migrants connect their past experiences in a Sociality country to their new lives in their destination countries. We also pay particular attention to the gender and the identity aspects of contemporary migration as population flows from Poland to western and southern European countries are marked by a large female component.

Development of the Croatian Nation
2006 0-7734-5791-7
This study examines the processes of social change that characterize the (re)formation of the nation. It argues that such processes can only be identified through the examination of the interplay between social structure, culture and agency in a specific period of time. Through the exploration of the basic assumptions of Social Realist Theory, a methodological framework is constructed for the analysis of the morphogenesis of the nation. These assumptions of the developed framework are tested on the case of Croatia. A historical analysis explores the processes of structural change and the formation and competition of corporate agents from the beginning of the nineteenth until the end of the twentieth century. These processes of cultural and structural change and the role of agency are investigated through a content analysis of the writings of the dominant Croatian nationalist ideologists, a content analysis of secondary school history textbooks and a survey on a sample of the population of Zagreb. The study concludes that the nation emerges with the emergence of social processes - the formation of political community, the politicization (nationalization) of culture, the mobilization of a population around specific nationalist ideologies, and the population’s acceptance of certain aspects of these ideologies.

Discovery of Musical Equal Temperament in China and Europe in the Sixteenth Century
2003 0-7734-6941-9
This study provides little-known mathematical, musicological and scientific facts regarding the discovery of musical equal temperament, and narrates the circumstances of the discovery in the historical and cultural contexts of the period (mid 16th to early 17th centuries) which, in turn, is placed in the intellectual chronology of the Eastern and Western worlds. By offering documentary evidence and information not found in Western publications, the book invites the reader to see the mathematics of the equal temperament and its discovery in an entirely new light.

Eastern European Societies on the Threshold of Change
1993 0-7734-9208-9
These academic analyses of social problems and processes give a comprehensive, deep, and multi-dimensional view of East European societies. The volume is addressed to a broad audience, not only to specialists in social sciences. It examines revolution, legitimation of power, social conflict, second economy, etc., concentrating on reality of social life and not on abstract ideas and concepts.

Economic and Social Systems in the Early Modern Age Seaports: Malta, Messina, Barcelona, and Ottoman Maritime Policy
2015 1-4955-0386-0
“This research provides a good overview of the importance of arsenals in the Early Modern naval, military, economic, and social history of the Mediterranean, focusing on four case studies in a comparative framework.”
-Ida Fazio,
Associate Professor of Economic History,
University of Palermo




Essays on Politics, Language and Society in Luxembourg
2000 0-7734-7899-X
This volume presents a major collection of studies of life in Luxembourg since the 19th century. The volume is multilingual, and in order to make it accessible to readers unfamiliar with French and German, a summary of the articles appearing in these languages is given at the end of the book.

European Community Idea and Reality
1991 0-7734-9892-3
A concise historical overview of the development of European regional community. Europe, and western Europe in particular, which so successfully served as a model for cultural and political nationalism, now succeeds as an example of a larger, successfully functioning regional community -- one which transcends traditional nation-state divisions and rivalries. Supplemented by maps, chronology, indices, and bibliography.

Europol and Police Cooperation in Europe
2000 0-7734-7731-4
This research examines the European criminal intelligence agency known as Europol, both within the context of its genesis and development to date, and against the background of police cooperation in Europe generally. The study examines the application of the centralised mode of information exchange to the information/intelligence exchange process between Europol and selected member states since its inception. The data gathered are analysed to show whether this mode is the most appropriate, or whether another model should have been adopted, or another one has evolved over a period of time.

Festive Culture in Germany and Europe From the Sixteenth to the Twentieth Century
2000 0-7734-7769-1


Formative Debates and Arguments Sustaining Germany’s Supranationalism: A Rhetorical History of Political and Economic Ideas
2009 0-7734-4679-6
Germany holds a special place among those driving forward the idea of a United States of Europe. Its constitution not only enables the nation state to transfer sovereignty to supranational institutions, it directs the state to incorporate international law into domestic law and to pursue a course of European integration. This comparatively unique feature of Germany’s Basic Law results from the country’s experience with National Socialism, which led to a fundamental reappraisal of a deeply-rooted faith in the state as the ultimate vehicle for human political, economic and social organization.

Francophone Culture and the Postcolonial Fascination with Ethnic Crimes and Colonial Aura
2005 0-7734-6118-3
This study examines the frequently overlooked problem of how colonial-era memories often become haunting, obsessive points of reference for contemporary culture. Examining the widespread use of haunting as a theoretical mode of recovery of occulted colonial history as part of its larger study of colonial memories circulating between France and the Maghreb, this book demonstrates the postcolonial imperative of moving beyond the categories of victim and torturer that frequently characterize the recovery of colonial history. The work demonstrates how in both postcolonial France and the Maghreb cultural identity and memory are structured in large part through a dialogue with colonial history that impedes a confrontation with contemporary issues important to the present and future of those geographical territories. Through a study of how popular postcolonial figures such as Zinedine Zidane, Assia Djebar, Lei1a Sebbar, Azouz Begag, and Tahar Ben Jelloun point to the necessity of transgressing the mutually shared history of colonial defeat, victimization, and culpabilty uniting France and the Maghreb, this work suggests the emergence of a nuaced form of postcolonial memory. The necessity of reconsidering the unique place that colonial history holds in these cultures as a mythical and haunting point of identification is borne out through analyses of how these postcolonial subjects confront contemporary and potential future forms of cultural identity. The work contributes a unique perspective to postcolonial studies in that it demonstrates how the colonial era continues to structure cultural memory. In this regard, this work offers a fresh perspective to debates on revisionist history and demonstrates how formerly colonized subjects and their children contribute actively to dialogue on the relevance of the colonial past in contemporary contexts where postcolonial identity is being forged.

Free Trade Area and the Construction of Great Britain’s European Policy, 1952-1958
2003 0-7734-6875-7
Great Britain’s European policy during the 1950s was not the abject failure as other scholars have portrayed it. Britain needed to re-evaluate its relationship with the Commonwealth, Europe, and Atlantic circles in the 1950s to reach the point where it could apply for EEC membership in the following decade. The 1950s were important in providing the impetus to revise Britain’s external priorities. In sum, beginning with the WEU plan and concluding with the FTA proposal, this period signaled a ‘historical departure’ for Britain and for Europe and was not a reaffirmation of the status quo.

General Survey of Coinage in the Roman Empire A.d. 294-408 and Its Relationship to Roman Military Deployment
1995 0-7734-9104-X
This volume elucidates the effects of Roman military deployment and political control on the distribution of coinage in the late Roman Empire, dealing quantitatively with archaeological numismatics: site-find material. A separate corpus was compiled for each of the 12 dioceses created by Diocletian at the beginning of the fourth century (except the Dioceses of Pontica), and an effort was made to collect data from at least five sites within each province of each diocese. In the final analysis, a sample population of approximately 65,000 coins was compiled from 135 archaeological sites across the Empire. Numismatic data was then utilized to provide evidence, or supplement existing evidence for Roman military activity in specific regions.

Geographical History of Institutional Provision for the Insane From Medieval Times to the 1860’s in England and Wales
2003 0-7734-6509-X
This book tackles the historical encounter between madness and space in two interwoven ways. Conceptually, it offers a critical revisiting of Foucault’s famous 1961 text translated as Madness and Civilization. Empirically, it offers a sustained inquiry into the changing geography of the palces and spaces associated with madness in England and Wales from Medieval times to the 1860s. It traces the emergence of an exclusionary impulse seeking to remove those designated as ‘mad’ from the midst of everyday society, and it also maps out the many different sites and institutions that have confined, sheltered, treated and even cured madness over the centuries. From the places of hermit-saints to the spaces of the public county lunatic asylum, attention is paid to the discourses and practices that have created a succession of muddled, overlain and often disputed ‘landscapes of lunacy’. From the seclusion of the remotest countryside to the bustle of the most congested city, reference is made to the many different types of environment that have been the setting for receptacles receiving early mental patients. Readers can follow the broad historical sweep of the narrative, or they can dip into the relatively self-contained chapters on particular facilities (gaols and workhouses, private madhouses, charitable lunatic hospitals, and public county lunatic asylums).

Gerhart Ladner and the Idea of Reform: A Modern Historian’s Quest for Ancient and Medieval Truth
2015 1-4955-0328-3
This is the first study to tap the deep archival reservoirs of Gerhart Ladner’s personal correspondence in an effort to reveal not only Ladner’s valuable intellectual treasures but also the evolution of his groundbreaking research into the history of reform which led to his seminal work The Idea of Reform.
This book examines the lifework of Gerhart Ladner (1905-1993). Winner of the American Historical Association’s Lifetime Award for Scholarly Distinction in 1991, he received the Homer Haskins Medal in 1961 for his seminal work on The Idea of Reform: Its Impact on Christian Thought and Action in the Age of the Fathers.


History of Odessa, the Last Italian Black Sea Colony
2004 0-7734-6272-4
The study reconstructs the Italian protohistory of Odessa, founded in 1794 by the immigrants from Genoa and Naples, Venice and Palermo. For the first time and upon the lengthy and elaborate archival research in Italy and Ukraine, the Odessa of Alexander Pushkin and Anna Akhmatova, battleship Potemkin and Eisenstein, Babel and Kandinsky enters European historiography as a world of the dynasties of De Ribas and Frapoliies, Rossies and Bubbas, Bernadazzies and Riznich, Molinaries, Iorini et al.. Having revised the narratives of the tzarist, Soviet, pre- perestroika and post- Communist past, the monograph not only reclaims the first Italian settlers, but examines the process of forging Europeanness, a cultural identity, beyond the traditional East and West, nation and people. European culture has been notably influenced by Italian civilization, and Odessa is one of the important manifestations of this phenomenon. The book places this 18th century Italian migration to the Black Sea into various contexts- the ancient porto-franco, the12th-14th century Crimea, the persecution of Jesuits and Jews, Risorgimento and Romantic Europe. It challenges the post-modern concept of colonialism by presenting the colonial Other through history and philosophy, semiotics and architecture, history of art and musicology. This history of Odessa not only reveals the neglected European past but imagines the future of the European continent, explaining the role of migration and mechanism of cultural transport.

History of Switzerland Volume One : Prehistorical Switzerland
2001 0-7734-7450-1
This work in three volumes is about the geological, environmental, cultural, political, sociological, international, etc., development of Switzerland, from the Big Bang to the Future.

Series ISBN: 0-7734-7417-X

History of Switzerland Volume Three: Modern Switzerland
2001 0-7734-7250-9
This work in three volumes is about the geological, environmental, cultural, political, sociological, international, etc., development of Switzerland, from the Big Bang to the Future.

Series ISBN: 0-7734-7417-X

History of Switzerland Volume Two
2001 0-7734-7386-6
This work in three volumes is about the geological, environmental, cultural, political, sociological, international, etc., development of Switzerland, from the Big Bang to the Future.

Series ISBN: 0-7734-7417-X

History of the Balkans a Regional Overview From a Bulgarian Perspective Vol.i
1993 0-7734-1956-X
This is a Bulgarian view on the history of Eastern Europe and the world. It covers the origin of the Bulgars, medieval Bulgaria, the Byzantine Empire, the five-centuries-long Ottoman rule, the rise of Balkan nationalism, and the history of Bulgaria, the Balkans and Eastern Europe from Bulgaria's constitution as a sovereign state in 1879 up to 1992.

History of the Balkans a Regional Overview From a Bulgarian Perspective Vol.ii
1994 0-7734-1958-6
This is a Bulgarian view on the history of Eastern Europe and the world. It covers the origin of the Bulgars, medieval Bulgaria, the Byzantine Empire, the five-centuries-long Ottoman rule, the rise of Balkan nationalism, and the history of Bulgaria, the Balkans and Eastern Europe from Bulgaria's constitution as a sovereign state in 1879 up to 1992.

How Filipino Immigrants in Italy Send Money Back Home
2012 0-7734-2553-5
Focusing on Filipino immigrants to Italy, the book examines the role of remittances sent by Filipino women from Italy to the Philippines. The authors emphasize that the role of Filipino women is important, because there is such a large proportion of them among Italy’s emigrant community and their remittances have a significant impact upon Filipino households and local development. Overall, this book serves a case study for the broader debate over international migration and national development as well as the positive and negative effect of remittances upon women migrants.

How Jewish Mystical Thinking Shaped Early Modern Europe
2014 0-7734-4321-1
This collection of essays explains the Hebrew influence upon European culture especially the impact of Kabbalah.


How Their Living Outside America Affected Five African American Authors: Toward a Theory of Expatriate Literature
2010 0-7734-3748-7
The book examines fictional responses of African American expatriate writers to Europe in the 1960s. It analyzes the change in the African American perception of Europe and seeks to reveal how African American writers of the 1960s responded in imaginative ways to the European scene.

Idea of National Superiority in Central Europe, 1880 - 1918
2005 0-7734-6180-9
This book focuses on the ways in which biological discourses of race and ethnicity affected and shaped nationalism and the idea of national superiority in Central Europe between 1880 and 1918. Emanating from Britain, Germany and France, various discourses on racial superiority and survival of the fittest deeply intermingled with the hospitable terrain of nationalist doctrines. Their interaction in Central Europe, however, has never been analysed thoroughly.

At the end of the nineteenth century, scientific definitions of the origin, role and destiny of various nations were accepted as the most encompassing. If in Western Europe, the new orientation towards scientific explanations of ethnicity was mainly used to consolidate expansion and explain militarism, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire it largely became a source of national resurrection. In searching for new forms of expression, late nineteenth century nationalists enthusiastically resorted to what Western civilisation advertised as the scientific rationale for refutation, domination and aggressiveness: race. Ultimately, race came to represent not only the most important traits of the human body, but was also regarded as decisively shaping the character and personality of the nation. National superiority was one of the most important consequences of this transformation. It was largely acclaimed and vehemently contested.

The idea of national superiority in Central Europe between 1880 and 1918 designates those cultural, political and social representations ethnic groups used to mark their cultural distinctiveness and, consequently, prove their political hegemony. A new approach to the “nationality question” in Central Europe between 1880 and 1918 is needed. This book looks at this issue from an unexplored perspective. By focusing on the idea of national superiority, the book aims to answer the following questions: did Western racial and Social Darwinist theories have any impact on Central European nationalism? Was Austria-Hungary an arena of ruthless struggle for supremacy (Germans, Magyars) and affirmation (Italians, Romanians, Serbs, Slovaks), as contemporary nationalists described it? Was Ludwig Gumplowicz’s theory of Der ewige Kampf um Herrschaft the motto of the nationalist conflicts in Central Europe between 1880 and 1918?

Implications of Foreign Financial Institutions on Poland’s Emerging Entrepreneurial Economy
1999 0-7734-8019-6
An extraordinary study revealing the relationship between foreign financial institutions and the entrepreneurial sector of a transition economy. Developmental and institutional economists, economic historians, and scholars of finance and entrepreneurship will find this extremely valuable. The book exposes the relationship between legal reforms and economic development. It presents a basic primer on Poland's economic development from 1989 through 1994. It provides the most complete history of the entry of foreign financial institutions yet published, and reveals very different marketing strategies used by foreign financial firms to enter the Polish financial services sector. The book describes the realities of the financial services sector at the beginning of the transition period, the policies pursued to promote transition toward a free market economy , and the environment that foreign financial institutions discovered during that period.

Language Dialect and Identity in Lille
2004 0-7734-6427-1
This two-volume book tackles a number of major themes, which, although largely neglected in studies of European French, can be exemplified with particular clarity in the context of the Lille conurbation. This work not only clearly breaks significant new ground within the field of French Studies, combining insights of dialectology with the rigor of modern sociolinguistics applied to a rich array of oral data, thus opening up the perspective of a thorough sociolinguistic overview of a major city. This book will be of vital interest to students and lecturers involved in the advanced courses in French Studies as well as sociolinguists interested in other languages, specialists in historical linguistics, cultural studies, social history and political science.

Language Dialect and Identity in Lille
2004 0-7734-6425-5
This two-volume book tackles a number of major themes, which, although largely neglected in studies of European French, can be exemplified with particular clarity in the context of the Lille conurbation. This work not only clearly breaks significant new ground within the field of French Studies, combining insights of dialectology with the rigor of modern sociolinguistics applied to a rich array of oral data, thus opening up the perspective of a thorough sociolinguistic overview of a major city. This book will be of vital interest to students and lecturers involved in the advanced courses in French Studies as well as sociolinguists interested in other languages, specialists in historical linguistics, cultural studies, social history and political science.

Le Journal Historique, Politique, Critique Et Galant (1719) by Justus Van Effen: A Critical Edition
2008 0-7734-5136-6
Le Journal historique, politique, critique et galant (1719) by Justus van Effen attempts to give the news of the day in “all of Europe”and presents a fascinating moment in European history, paying special attention to the Quadruple Alliance and the impending war. . . In addition to providing insight into an interesting hybrid periodical, Le Journal historique, politique, critique et galant gives a remarkable view of life in early 1719 from the perspective of seasoned journalist Justus van Effen. In French.

Les Transformations Linguistiques Qui Ont Fait FranÇais Moderne : Les Etapes De L’evolution D’une Langue / Explaining the History of European Languages : The Developmental Stages of Modern French
2015 1-4955-0350-X
This works constitutes the beautiful summary of 4500 years of transformations that took place in the development of the French language as we know it today, the way we speak it and write it; this study can also apply to any of the Romance languages. (In French)

Life and Journey of Athenian Statesman Themistocles (524-460 B.c.?) as a Refugee in Persia
2003 0-7734-6809-9
In ancient Greece, Themistocles was universally acknowledged as the architecture of the Greek victory in the great Persian invasion. Some years later, political opinion turned against him in Athens and he was obliged to flee into exile and eventually wound up in the court of the king of Persia. This book examines the quite considerable body of evidence which survives about Themistocles’ journey and his life as a refugee in Persia, in order to disentangle fact from the abundant fiction.

Life of the Fourth Earl of Rochford (1717-1781): Eighteenth-Century Anglo-Dutch Courtier, Diplomat and Statesman
2010 0-7734-1300-6
This study presents Rochford’s important and substantial contribution to Britain’s eighteenth century foreign policy in the context of his times while unfolding the interaction between his career and personal life. The study also offers the first detailed account of the domestic work of a British secretary of state before the 1782 division into Foreign and Home offices. This book contains twenty-seven black and white photographs.

Lordship and Tradition in Barbarian Europe
1999 0-7734-8151-6
This book develops an hypothesis about the interaction of lordship and tradition - and about how such tradition was generated and propagated - among the peoples of barbarian Europe. It shows how orally transmitted tribal and dynastic historical tradition was crucial to the legitimization of political authority. It contributes to literary historical scholarship by showing how pre-Christian oral tradition was politically significant to early medieval aristocracies, thereby elucidating the social context in which texts like Beowulf originated and within which they must be interpreted. This first large-scale study of the subject draws on an extensive range of evidence relating to a variety of early Germanic and Celtic peoples.

Louise Stolberg’s Florentine Salon and Germaine De StaËl’s Coppet Circle: The Politics of Patronage, Neoclassicism and the Code of Freedom in Napoleonic Italy
2015 0-7734-4245-6
Worley’s book brings a new perspective on the intellectual debates in the development of nationalistic movements leading up to the Risorgimento in Italy. Her study reveals how the efforts of key feminine ideologists established the roots of Italian reunification through artistic patronage. The salons of these important women enabled daring artists to walk that fine line between creativity and treason as they politicized their art.

Market Solution to Economic Development in Eastern Europe
1992 0-7734-9545-2
Essays by American and European authors on diverse topics, aimed at transforming the emerging democracies of Eastern Europe into economic powerhouses on the lines of Germany and Japan. Essays include: The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe; Market Order or Commanded Chaos; Property Rights and Contract in the Soviet Second Economy; Can a Planned Market Economy Function?; Interest Groups and Structural Reform of Authoritarian Socialist Regimes; Recent Changes in the Hungarian Economy; Economic Reform in Lithuania; more.

Medieval Animal Trials: Justice for All
2012 0-7734-3081-4
In Europe as early as the thirteenth century and as late as the sixteenth century, non-human animals including rats, pigs, horses, and dogs were tried for criminal activities. Such trials were not sacrificial in nature; neither were they mock trials for entertainment. Rather, such trials were undertaken with great seriousness with appointed legal counsel for prosecution and defense, at some times before a judge and at other times before a judge and jury. This phenomenon would strike modern sensibilities are being somewhere between eccentric and completely mad, and no one today believes that animals are capable of forming criminal intentions. This book answers the question of how this rather arcane practice is to be understood because it is true that today no animals are formally prosecuted for crimes in courts of law.

Negotiating Nationhood in a Changing Europe - Views From the Press
2002 0-7734-7129-4
This study argues that national identities in Europe go through a process of transformation. The process of European integration, on one hand, and increasing migration flows and the affirmation of cultural identities on the other, have led to a re-definition not only of the content of national identities but also of their nature. Interaction between national, sub-national and transnational forms of collective identification are governance has given way to a more flexible view of nationhood, which affirms uniqueness and difference but also accepts commonality with Others. The empirical material presented in this book provides an overview of collective identities in contemporary Europe and highlights their evolution during the past twenty years. The study concentrates on the national press, because the media are seen as an important carrier of identity discourses. The study of representations of ‘Us, the nation,’ relevant outgroups, and the interaction between them starts with the end of the Cold War era, goes through the collapse of the Communist regimes in Eastern Europe, and reaches the present and the realization of a European Union. Images of the nation in four EU member-states – Britain, Germany, Greece and Italy – are analyzed. Furthermore, their intertwining with or contrast to representations of the European Union, images of other Western and Central-Eastern European nations, as well as ethnic minorities and immigrant communities are highlighted. At the theoretical level, the book explores how transnational and sub-national challenges to the power and legitimacy of the nation are dealt with in the national press discourse. The extent to which national identity is compatible, or indeed, overlaps with notions of a European identity and culture are also discussed. In answering these questions, new conceptual tools for the study of national identity in contemporary European societies are explored.

Nineteenth-Century Nationalism and Twentieth-Century Anti-Democratic Ideals: The Case of Latvia, 1840s to 1980s
2008 0-7734-5173-0
This study analyzes political writings of the Latvian intellectuals who pursued the ideas of national identity and liberation, over a period of nearly one hundred and fifty years. In addition to providing a better general understanding of intellectuals’ behavior and influence, it illuminates the largely neglected subject of the differences between the political, social, and cultural influence of Western and Eastern European intellectuals.

Oligarchy, Dissent and the Culture of Print in Georgian Britain: Essays, Reviews, and Documents
2015 1-4955-0346-1
The essays and reviews in this volume illuminate some of the still obscure, fragmented, paradoxical yet fascinating aspects of Britain’s complex progress towards modernity. Drawing on a vast array of manuscript sources, many previously neglected or unknown, the narratives explore new linkages between personalities, the dynamics and rhetoric of formalized politics, press activity and the patterns of compliance and dissent that interactively defined and shaped the growth of national unity.


Ordeal of Nationalism in Modern Europe, 1789-1945
1992 0-7734-9478-2
This work is an imaginative, comprehensive, and up-to-date treatment of the extremely elusive subject of nationalism manifesting itself in an endless ordeal of wars and revolutions. Based on thousands of original and secondary sources in four languages, it is also cross-disciplinary, consulting works in psychology, neurology, sociology, anthropology, and political science. The result is both scholarly and fascinating. And, given the current resurgence of national aspirations in Central and Eastern Europe, exceptionally timely.

Origins of Roman Citizenship
2006 0-7734-5812-3
This study explores the various influences that inform and shape our understanding of the early Roman Republic. It is common knowledge that the demise of the Roman Republic in its last one hundred years was not only the occasion for the shaping of the traditional narrative for the much earlier Republic but that it was, in addition, the source of both the discourse and the tone of that history as we have inherited it from the Romans. Nevertheless, our increasing cognizance of this truth has not resulted in any significant movement away from the fundamentals of that inherited narrative – until now. The author first shows how the sum of numerous modern treatments of early Rome represent an unanswered and devastating attack on the communis opinio and then proceeds to show how an alternative narrative, one that substitutes regional conflict with the putative one known as “the struggle of the orders,” makes the most sense as the dynamic informing the evolution of Roman political institutions.

Origins of Scientific Learning
2007 0-7734-5369-5
The papers in this volume contribute to the interdisciplinary study dramatic transformations in a wide array of human endeavors (political, artistic, literary, scientific and technological) in Early Modern Europe. All but one of the essays presented here are revised and extended versions of papers delivered at a conference sponsored by Binghamton University’s Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies in 2004 centered on the theme of “Science, Literature, and the Arts in the Medieval and Early Modern World”. This book contains five Black and White photographs and seven color photographs.

Pioneers in Penology
2007 0-7734-5392-X
This two-volume work details the history of seminal penological thought and practice covering the period between 1557 and 1900. Based principally on primary source literature, the thirty-nine chapters of this anthology bring into sharp focus (1) the lives of the great European and American pioneering reformers in penology; (2) the most important pioneering experiments in prison and reformatory discipline; and (3) the histories and contributions of the major societies responsible for imparting impetus to prison reform in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The addition of endnotes and “Suggestions for Further Reading and Inquiry” sections following each chapter provides readers with a comprehensive and meticulously annotated collection of primary and secondary source materials from the rich history of penology. It is hoped that readers will be left with a just appreciation of the pioneers, institutions, and societies that constitute the knowledge base of modern penology, and that the period documents cited will inspire fresh scholarly inquiries that contribute to a more complete understanding and appreciation of the history of penological thought and practice.

Portrayals of Medicine, Physicians, Patients, and Illnesses in French Literature From the Middle Ages to the Present: A Collection of Essays
2011 0-7734-1512-2
This collection of essays examines the various representations of medicine in French Literature, from the Middle Ages to the present. It addresses questions of how we have developed, authorized and dealt with the concept of being studied and treated as scientific subjects. The study also investigates how we negotiate being patients, doctors, and spectators in defining the concept and the field of medicine.

Problem of Waste Disposal in a Large European City: Garbage in Naples
2012 0-7734-2905-0
This essay owes its significance to a carefully constructed case study. It examines environmental policies in one particular city, Naples, Italy. But it shows events that could happen anywhere. Re-establishing the cycle of nature through recycling is an exceptionally difficult task. These authors show how the people of Naples attempted to establish environmentally sound policy initiatives by considering all possible solutions. After much deliberation they opted for more efficient methods of waste disposal.

The waste disposal issue in Naples has been at the center of media attention. It raises questions about whether Italy is threatened by a garbage crisis. Taking cues from other countries, Naples discovered that it could incorporate aggressive measures to reduce its waste. The events described in the book start in Naples but extend to Italy and Europe as well.

The two authors of this book are an environmental historian and a waste management expert of international standing. They engage in a straightforward and serene discussion, resulting in a one-of-a-kind work that leaves bias and ideology behind. The complexity of the issue is a result of the speed at which modern society has developed.

The book addresses the inability of the ruling classes to keep up with its frenetic growth rate. Northern and Southern Italy answered the problems of waste disposal in different ways. Hence the need for a debate on the real problems posed by the management of collective property and environmental resources. In conclusion the authors look at future prospects and suggest practical solutions.

Publication History of the Rival Transcriptions of Montaigne’s Essays
2001 0-7734-7589-3
Winner of the Adele Mellen Prize for Contribution to Scholarship This publication history is based on a peculiar historic event: the systematic recopying or transcription of Montaigne’s extensive marginal notes by secretaries, librarians, and paleographers in the last years of the 19th century at the Bordeaux City Library. Those transcriptions proved to the necessary condition (and quid pro quo) for the publication (from 1906-1933) of the first critical editions of Montaigne’s complete Essays. It is also, indirectly, a case study of how a literary bureaucracy treats subaltern personnel like sub-librarians and paleographers and how it construes their intellectual property rights. This study offers a commentary on a group of letters revealing a very different culture, one both impaired and enriched by notions of duty, honor and high formality. For students of Montaigne, it gives insight into the Essays’ reception, scholarly management and marketing. The appendix includes over eighty letters from the Bordeaux Archives which trace the eccentric bureaucratic path to the editions. With illustrations.

Queen Isabella Sforza Szapolyai of Transylvania and Sultan Suleyman of the Ottoman Empire: A Case of Sixteenth-Century Muslim-Christian Collaboration
2009 0-7734-4653-2
The book will provide more understanding about the historical relationship between Christians and Muslims in the 16th Century. In addition to Hungarian and Latin texts, many of the documents used are translated from 16th Century Ottoman Turkish. Modern Turkish texts also contribute a significant amount of reference material for this work. This book contains twelve color photographs and seven black and white photographs.

Reconceptualisation of Urban Management: The Administration of Cities, Their Services, and Their Growth
2013 0-7734-4310-X
The author investigates the connection between traditional institutionalized city administration and the newer entrepreneurial approach by presenting a critique and evaluation of urban management concepts in a comparative study of cities in the European Union.

A fresh examination of urban management. This book surveys the role of city administration in a neoliberal globalized world as it relates to sustainable economic growth. It provides insight on social, environmental, service and resource issues through reconceptualization of urban management policies and an investigation of the new entrepreneurial approaches to inspire city growth.

Relationships Among Country Risk, Investor Expectations and Financial Variables in Central Europe
2010 0-7734-1306-5
This compilation is an history of developing market finance and an examination of yield components in the focus countries of Central Europe. This study looks at Central Europe as a transition economy in constant flux. It illustrates how these countries can create a more profitable environment, attract more investment, and create a more stable economy.
The subjects found within this book about Central Eruope include how current account and exchange rates are trade-related risk measures; how the Consumer Price Index is an inflation gauge; how stock markets are leading economic indicators, measuring expectations; how the lending interest rate prices demand and supply of domestic funds; and how foreign driect investment inflow (FDI) is the product of these variables.

This book is a policy manual for governments, a classroom tool for professors, and a survey of the current economic landscape of Central Europe for those active in the region and who need to know about investment flows and country risk in this area of the world.

Representing German Identity in the New Berlin Republic: Body, Nation, and Place
2004 0-7734-6276-7
This study examines the multiple and conflicting ways in which German national identity is spatially expressed through the material and metaphor of the human body. In particular, it describes the various gendered, sexed, and raced constructions of Germany, as they emerged in the capital city of Berlin since 1989. Based on two ethnographic case studies situated in neighboring urban environments, the Love Parade and the Memorial for the Murdered Jews of Europe, the author shows how bodily representations of post-1989 Germany are fluctuating between the sexualized, demasculinized celebration of multiculturalism and the repeatedly racist, masculinist and even anti-Semitic reconstruction of German nationhood. While the German government is making active efforts to situate the future Berlin Republic within a network of increasingly integrated European nation states, and is involved in sponsoring both the Love Parade and the MMJE, social movements in Berlin are actively supporting and contesting such politics. It is this struggle between government efforts and grassroots politics, and the role of the human body in the political process of constructing collective identities that this book ultimately explores.

Resistance to the Persecution of Ethnic Minorities in Croatia and Bosnia During World War II
2009 0-7734-4745-8
During World War II, the Croatian ultra-nationalist Ustaa persecuted nearly two million Serbs, Jews, and Roma in the Independent State of Croatia (present-day Croatia and Bosnia). Political analysts today often cite this genocide as proof that ethnic violence within the region is inevitable. However, an equally important reality is that within just four years, Ustaa excesses had provoked a widespread popular reaction against the violence and the national exclusivity that inspired it.

Sicily - A Literary and Cultural History
2003 0-7734-3461-5
This is a volume on the ancient and esoteric history of Sicily. The reader can see through the eyes of the author-turned-poet how Sicily evolved and how its children became mature adults. It tells of the poetic contribution that its people have given to the world.

Sociological and Economic Change in the Peasant Society of Troina, Sicily
1992 0-7734-9469-3
A study carried out in 1963-64 in a small village in the Sicilian interior focused on how people could improve their living standard through cooperation. In 1988-89, two persons who worked on the original study returned to the same village. Troina has 2,000 fewer inhabitants, no factory exists, and unemployment is still high. However, new houses have been built, cars are to be seen everywhere. Miseria (extreme poverty) is a thing of the past. Despite this, locals still consider the future with insecurity, and the younger generations see no alternative to emigration. The present study explores this contradiction.

Spatial Discourse in Shakespeare’s and Other English Early Modern Pastoral Drama
2015 1-4955-0418-2
This ground breaking work is a comprehensive study that applies art, dramatic, and literary theory to examine the shaping effects of negative/positive space in English Renaissance pastoral drama from 1590-1640. This innovative approach to a genre long overlooked includes both major and minor plays which are examined to show how dramatists used the theory of negative/ positive space to write and dramatize their plays.

Stories of Attila the Hun’s Death Narrative, Myth, and Meaning
2001 0-7734-7446-3
As a “world-historical” figure, Attila the Hun captured the imaginations of Roman imperial chroniclers and early Germanic epic poets alike. Specifically, the momentous event of Attila’s death was interpreted quite differently as it became incorporated into various Roman, Byzantine, and gothic narratives. Working within the tradition of narrative studies and drawing upon the ideas of historian Hayden White as well as structuralist/narrativist literary theory, this study explores and interprets the rich ideological contradictions surrounding the ‘stories’ of Attila’s death which circulated in the late classical and early medieval world.

Structural Analysis of Enslavement in the African Diaspora
2001 0-7734-7435-8
This assembly of essays probes the enslavement of African people from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines Europe, the Caribbean, the United States, and indentured servitude in Africa itself. “In sum, Dr. Conyers’ research in this manuscript is groundbreakin, seeking to provide a greater breadth and depth of insight on enslavement from the standpoint of the Africa. . . . he has simultaneously set a high standards for scholarly research in both the academy and the discipline of Africana Studies while offering a thoughtful view of the Africana experience from the standpoint of African people’s plight in enslavement worldwide.” – Andrew P. Smallwood

Study of Ancient Roman Amphibious and Offensive Sea-Ground Task Force Operations
2001 0-7734-7558-3
This unique volume explores Roman amphibious warfare from the assault against Carthage in 204 BC to the invasion of Britain in 43 AD. It examines the nature, capabilities, limitations, and characteristics of Roman amphibious operations within a framework conceived by the US Joint Chiefs of Staff. Standard works about Roman sea power lack discussion of this important topic. It will interest scholars of ancient and military history, marine warfare, as well as those in military academies.

Superheroes and Greek Tragedy
2006 0-7734-5776-3
“A hero is someone who looks like a hero,” says film critic Robert Warshow, but in fact, we do not know who looks heroic to viewers other than ourselves. This study uses theories of affect and spectatorship to show how dramatic productions arouse pre-cognitive responses, such as pity and fear. These responses are tied to ideological frameworks: viewers root for Spiderman, but not for his arch-nemesis, the Green Goblin. In that case, affects arise from the value constructs of their cultures, and a comparison of heroes, modern films from Shane to Spiderman with stories of ancient Greek superheroes such as Antigone and Achilles, shows that each culture maintains a stereotype within which a range of responses to heroes can be defined. An ancient spectator, therefore, would not be concerned about whether Spiderman could save every innocent victim, for example, while a modern spectator does not admire Achilles when he demands respect before he saves his community. This study examines primary texts like the Iliad and Cryopaedia to set the viewing parameters of Athenian ideology, then considers how heroes, for example, like Oedipus and Iphigenia, might “look like heroes” to their original audience. This “affective hero,” unlike the structuralist hero, reflects the audience’s self-image back at itself and reveals surprising insights into culture.

Thorstein Veblen and His European Contemporaries, 1880-1940: A Study of Comparative Sociologies
2011 0-7734-1530-0
This is the first systematic analysis of the intellectual and cultural relationship between Thorstein Veblen and his contemporaries.

Une Nouvelle Pratique LittÉraire En France: Histoire Du Groupe Oulipo De 1960 À Nos Jours Creating a New French Literary Style: A History of the Oulipo Circle
2014 1-4955-0270-8
The Oulipo’s evolution towards the status of a literary group was gradual. Constraints were key to defining specific collaborative practices. They put language and literature into play. They are based on intertextuality and therefore on erudition. Oulipian literature is open to all forms of written expression, whether literary or not.


Yugoslav Worker Emigration, 1963-1973
2007 0-7734-5398-9
This study examines the Yugoslav government’s policy on the rapidly escalating Yugoslav worker emigration from 1963-1973 through the coverage of that emigration in the major Yugoslav news media during these same years. Because the Yugoslav press contained a degree of contrasting opinion that was high relative to other Communist states during the same period, while at the same time allowing no questioning of settled policy, its coverage of this subject provides a useful window into the shifting attitudes toward worker emigration of the government and especially of President Tito. Using as sources the major Yugoslav newspapers and other periodicals, as well as dispatches from Tanjug, the Yugoslav government’s official news agency, and translations of radio broadcasts, the picture comes clearly into focus of a government struggling to manage the effects of this exodus, but unable to affect the outflow in a substantive way because it was unavoidable given the external labor markets and the policy of self-management itself.