Subject Area: Archeology
This study examines the functional adaptation of traditional societies to changing economic, social and spatial transformations in the Volta Basin of Ghana, in particular the changes caused by the construction of the Akosombo Dam in the early 1960’s and its effect on two Volta Basin communities displaced by the flood waters. It introduces the history of some of the core West African ethnic groups who laid the foundation for the development of cultural traditions in the area. A special feature of the book is that it identifies natural and cultural environments on an equal basis. It also identifies individual and group response to the transformations that created new and challenging conditions. Methodologically, the book employs an objective application of the principles of ethnoarchaeology to identify progressive societal adaptive strategies, which include settlement patterns, building technology, oral traditions, religion and ritual, marriage and death customs. The book is a result of over twenty years of research in the Volta Basin, living among and sharing knowledge with the people. With many illustrations.2004 0-7734-6421-2
This work uses an ethnogeographic approach to synthesize commonly partitioned material and archival evidence to examine the urban history and cultural geography of Medieval Bruges from 1280-1349.2001 0-7734-3400-32001 0-7734-3325-21993 0-7734-9280-1
In cooperation with The Lewiston Historical Society and The Anthropology Department of the State University of New York at Buffalo.
An archaeological and historical study of Artpark. This site on the eastern banks of the Niagara River in the Town of Lewiston, New York, is situated directly under the Niagara Escarpment, on land that millions of years ago was several times covered by oceans. It is now a center for the performing and visual arts.2010 0-7734-3686-3
This anthology methodologically examines the relation between material culture,
technology, regions, regionalisation and regional identities from a wide range of angles and perspectives. This theoretical resource for archaeologists, anthropologists, and ethnographers contains 14 essays that discuss and develop archaeological relevant
understandings of technology in a regional long time perspective. This book contains ten color photographs and three black and white photographs.2002 0-7734-7146-4
This study explores how traditional scholars seized upon archaeology to advocate biblical truth. It examines the conflict between critical theories of biblical interpretation and traditional methods. It delineates the tension between scholarship and the business of theology in the process of evaluation of the archaeological evidence at the beginning of the 20th century.1995 0-7734-9040-X
This volume brings under one cover over 1,800 citations about archaeological excavation in Syria from about 1900 to 1980. This bibliography provides students and scholars with an important source for background study into the rise of civilization and its modern antecedents. Entries from popular literature are not included nor is the vast epigraphical literature unless accounts of the discovery of epigraphical inscriptions contained archaeological descriptions.1990 0-88946-377-8
A report based largely on ceramic materials recovered from Vault I during the Joint Expedition to Caesarea Maritima, which began in 1971. By Jeffrey Blakeley, with contributions by Marvin E. Bennett, Robert J. Bennett, Robert Brinkmann, Robert J. Bull, Glenn Hartelius, and Peter Lampinen. Oversize edition.
1995 0-7734-8899-52008 0-7734-5224-9
This book examines the cult of the Matronae as it occurred in the Roman Rhineland and explains the symbolism and inscriptions found on the altars. The work reviews previous scholarship on the subject, investigates ideas of Romanization, and concepts of bias and cultural exchange. This book contains six black and white photographs.2014 0-7734-0086-9
A fascinating resource on the evolution of the Inca Empire and, in particular, the creation of chronology and genealogy of the Inca dynasty. The work argues that the Incas, both as an ethnic group in the Cuzco region and as an empire, lasted a lot longer than presently thought.1995 0-7734-9104-X
This volume elucidates the effects of Roman military deployment and political control on the distribution of coinage in the late Roman Empire, dealing quantitatively with archaeological numismatics: site-find material. A separate corpus was compiled for each of the 12 dioceses created by Diocletian at the beginning of the fourth century (except the Dioceses of Pontica), and an effort was made to collect data from at least five sites within each province of each diocese. In the final analysis, a sample population of approximately 65,000 coins was compiled from 135 archaeological sites across the Empire. Numismatic data was then utilized to provide evidence, or supplement existing evidence for Roman military activity in specific regions.2004 0-7734-6315-1
Exodus lies at the foundation of Judeo-Christian culture and this book presents the original version, the earliest copy. The most important difference occurs in Chapter 20, which is twice as large as the common Masoretic version and contains the extraordinary 10th Commandment, the paragraph which enjoins “...on Mount Gerizim as I command you today. There you shall build an altar to Yahweh your God...” On the right hand page is the translation. For the first time this version is easily accessible. Although the Samaritan Pentateuch has been known since the 17th century, it has not been translated and only a few specialists have read it. Now paleo Exodus is available to anyone interested in the venerable epic. The translation has been done clause by clause, governed by the punctuation of the paleo manuscripts. Simultaneously the translation refrains from employing dubious literalisms. This translation of Exodus is from the original writing and often clarifies obscure passages of the Masoretic version.
On the left hand page is the paleo-Hebrew text, featuring the Dead Sea Scroll 4Q22 paleoExodus. All of its extensive fragments are printed in the Semitic script of the 7th century BCE. Where the scroll is not extant, the square Hebrew text of von Gall’s edition is given. This superimposes and highlights 4Q22 as the most prominent manuscript of the critical text of Exodus.
The appendices of textual criticism serve to analyze and demonstrate the precise details of the critical paleo text. Appendix A also focuses on key words and phrases of the translation. The method of textual criticism compares all relevant manuscripts comprehensively. All variants of words and inflection between the paleo-Hebrew version and the Masoretic are given, as are all the agreements of the Qumran scrolls of Exodus with the Samaritan or the Masoretic. The von Gall edition is corrected and accredited.
The result is a rigorous resource for scholars using biblical Hebrew as well as a straightforward translation for the general public. It is a significant work for the appreciation of Exodus.1993 0-7734-9301-8
As we learn more about cultic tradition of ancient Israel, and the carryovers into the Hellenistic world, the site of Beersheva grows in importance. Long a site of cultic significance, the excavations revealed the only full-sized Israelite horned altar of the 10th-8th centuries BCE, and the probable location of only the second confirmed temple complex (archaeologically) of ancient Israel's monarchy. Between 1973-1975, a temple complex was cleared dating to the late Hellenistic/Hasmonean era of the 3rd-2nd centuries BCE. Starting life as a pagan place of worship, it was later converted and cleansed during the reign of John Hyrcanus I. This archaeological evidence helps us to understand the development of Jewish syncretic religion in the face of Hellenism, and to clarify and confirm the accounts of John Hyrcanus I.2015 0-7734-3537-9
A remarkable and important work that provides insight into social and economic activities provided to us in the cuneiform records of ancient periods revealing how these activities were negotiated and regulated by laws and contracts, through records of the Sumerian model contracts from the Mesopotamian scribal school curriculum. An essential reference work for any student of ancient Mesopotamian history and comparative law.2006 0-7734-5880-8
This work challenges current trends in thinking about Ireland and Celticity. Drawing on a wide range of disciplinary outlooks – including Archaeology, Folklore, Linguistics, History, Genetics and more – the author asserts that the pre-Celtic people’s cultures, and their contributions to traditional and modern Irish life, have been vastly under-appreciated. This work seeks to understand why this is so, and to redress that balance by partaking in an investigation of the evidence as well as by demonstrating how that evidence has been constructed. The author does not assume a priori neither the “invasion” hypothesis of Celtic people and cultures, nor the “immobilism” hypothesis which states that the idea of the Celts is a recent one, unconnected to actual peoples in the past. The result is a detailed study into the varied processes involved in the creation of the past, and a new, if perhaps controversial, picture of “Celtic” Ireland.2010 0-7734-3794-0
This study examines not only the history of the Aramaic people but also their culture and tradition, with special reference to the law and slavery and the status of women.2008 0-7734-5055-6
This work makes accessible rare, collected linguistic data from the late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth centuries. The study presents the earliest reliable records of a number of Mayan languages, as opposed to previous materials written primarily by colonial sources.2013 0-7734-2646-9
Ross is the first scholar to argue that there is a shared origin of Nile Valley Civilization between Nubian and Egyptian cultures. Nubia today is known as the nation-states of Sudan and South Sudan, and has been misrepresented for thousands of years by Egyptian sources, which minimized the role the people played in world history. This book draws on recent archaeological findings that claim Pharonic symbolism, sacred bark, and serekh, are of Nubian origin, not Egyptian. The author provides an updated re-examination of the Meroitic Period (300 B.C. – 400 A.D.) in lieu of this new information.2002 0-7734-6938-91993 0-7734-9372-7
During the first century of the Achaemenid Empire the royal family and nobles, often related by marriage, controlled the political and military positions in the elaborate imperial structure. This monograph, based largely upon the ancient Greek texts that provide patronymics and familial connections, analyzes the personal relations of 317 royal and noble men, women, and children. A brief historical sketch is provided for each, accompanied by references to the ancient Greek and Latin sources, and a limited number of ancient Persian sources, to provide extensive notations for further research. The Greek and Latin sources are analyzed for their historical merit. Kingship is explored in detail. Study of the women and children of the royal harem includes issues of marriage, eunuchs, concubines, and pederasty. Both the political and military roles of the young men are analyzed. Prosopographical problems are also addressed.2015 1-4955-0330-5
This remarkable compilation is intended as a list of cultural resource management (CRM) sources to be used by investigators pursuing hard-rock gold mining archaeological research and its role in the cultural heritage of the American West. This is an invaluable bibliography for archaeologists, geologists, historians, and miners and has never been available before in one comprehensive text.2001 0-7734-3372-42004 0-7734-6338-0
Swiss born Henri François Pittier played a central role in the evolution of geography as a science in Costa Rica. By the end of his life, Pittier had published over 300 papers, several monographs and books in various languages in three continents on a wide variety of subjects including geography, botany, forestry, archeology, ethnography, linguistics, geology, and climatology.
Pittier has been overlooked as a geographer. This work traces the development of Pittier as a man and scholar, and it evaluates his role and impact in the development of geography in Costa Rica. It assesses Pittier’s place in the history of geography in Costa Rica and Latin America, a research topic largely neglected. This work relies heavily on primary documents never seen before, including correspondence written by and to Pittier over a 70 year period.2014 0-7734-0048-6
A first ever examination of the neighborhoods within the walls of Old Damascus that challenge our ideas of stereotypical Mediterranean ethnic and social divisions. The doors open to show us the impact of economic and cultural globalization that has led to a reshaping of cross-national economic integration, creating new forms of regionalisation. (written in Spanish)1990 0-88946-484-72006 0-7734-5639-2
This book brings together ten essays relating to the manner in which postcolonial research is conducted and information put forth on the representation of indigenous cultures in the Americas. Divided into three parts, Part One describes the current state of affairs of postcolonial studies in the North American region; Part Two explores Mesoamerican culture, and Ñuu Savi and Zapotec studies in particular; and Part Three looks at the Andean region.1995 0-7734-8985-1
There has been much erroneous information passed off as "fact" about almost all of the Sternberg fossil hunters, but certainly most in reference to the family patriarch, Charles Hazelius Sternberg. This volume attempts to set the record straight on published criticisms and mistakes. Among other facts, he has not been given due credit for the fact that it was he who developed the precursor for the modern method of fossil wrapping, which is erroneously credited either to Barnum Brown or Edward Drinker Cope. Sternberg also was the first American fossil hunter to write a 'biography', fleshing out for the reader the dead bones of his finds, bringing them to life with his written renderings, though many have followed after him, using the style he developed. This volume also provides information on his side businesses that have never been discussed in print, and delves into the lives of the three prominent sons who followed him into the fossil profession. All of the sons became quite prominent in both American and Canadian fossil hunting lore, and were connected with prestigious museums. Includes photographs.2002 0-7734-7290-82009 0-7734-4853-5
This collection of essays celebrates scholar Dennis Groh’s ability to inspire his students and colleagues and offers new perspectives on some of the crucial questions in the fields of Patristics and the study of early Jewish and Christian archeology, material culture, history, and theology. This book contains twelve color photographs and sixteen black and white photographs.2001 0-7734-7373-42006 0-7734-5981-2
This book provides an account of Leif Eriksson’s discovery of Vinland and other Viking voyages to Newfoundland. The most important contribution of the manuscript is the author’s contention that the Greenland Norse did not ballast their knarrs [freight ships] with loose stones, which might shift in heavy waves and imperil the shallow-draught vessels. Instead, they cut large stone blocks, beveled at one end to roughly conform to the shape of the hull, and laid them between the ribs. When loading the ships with a heavy cargo such as timber, the Norse would dump some or all of their ballast stones over the side. Therefore, it might be possible to detect a Norse site by locating a collection of distinctively shaped ballast stones on or near the shore. This hypothesis has apparently not been explored by anyone else involved in Norse research in Newfoundland.
Vinding had a life-long fascination with the dramatic voyages of the Greenland Norse and the unsolved question of the location of Vinland. His research led him to a careful analysis of two of the Icelandic sagas, the Greenlanders’ Saga and Erik the Red’s Saga. These sagas describe the same events, but there are discrepancies between them. Vinding compared the sources and created a plausible synthesized account of seven voyages of the Norse to Greenland and North America. Based on his readings, he hypothesized that Leif Eriksson’s first landing in North America was in Trinity Bay, and that Vinland was located on the Avalon Peninsula of southern Newfoundland.
Many nineteenth- and twentieth-century researchers published theories about the location of Vinland but without providing conclusive evidence. The theories suggesting locations far down the east coast of the United States have now been abandoned, in part because they demand that we disregard our primary sources, the sagas, which give precise indications of sailing times and distances. All authorities agree that the second of the three lands discovered by Bjarni Herjolfsson, called Markland by the Norse, is Labrador. There is only one area that fits the saga’s distances and directions from Labrador to Vinland, and that is the east coast of southern Newfoundland. No Norse artifacts have been found in that area except the ballast stones. Since ballast stones are likely to be indicators of Norse sites, they are markers of areas that deserve further archaeological exploration, be that a search for Vinland in Trinity Bay or a search for Hóp in St. Paul’s Bay.2016 1-4955-0428-X
This important study will help shed light on the relatively obscure developments of the spread of Christianity into the edges of the Northern world during the early Middle Ages. The author uses a wide variety of original sources including historical records, recent archaeological finds, his keen understanding of the languages and religion of the people of that time which adds to the significance of the research in this remarkable book.