Rothbart, Daniel Books

Explaining the Growth of Scientific Knowledge Metaphors, Models, and Meanings
1997 0-7734-8721-2
This study explains scientific progress through analogical cross-fertilization of ideas between distinct physical systems. In many cases progress can be generated from a radically new juxtaposition of apparently incongruous physical systems, producing original horizons of intellectual vision. The work will be of interest to philosophers who examine issues related to the study of metaphor and analogy, and those who study the conditions and limits of scientific knowledge, the relationship between instrumental findings and theoretical progress, and the realism/antirealism debate. It will also interest those who explore the science/religious interface. Chapter headings include: What is a Scientific Model?; The Semantics of Scientific Metaphors; Analogical Modelling and Metaphoric Discourse in Science; The Epistemology of a Spectrometer; The Nature of a Scientific Prototype; Property, Symmetry, and Analogy; and an Appendix - Computational Models of Analogical Reasoning.