Subject Area: Social Services
The implementation of welfare reform in North Carolina provided an excellent opportunity to explore theories of welfare reform implementation and theories of bureaucratic power. While welfare reform implementation proceeded smoothly in many states, the unique political climate in North Carolina forced a more transparent view of bureaucratic development and growing political independence. The political capacity of the bureaucracy to influence policy implementation contrary to legislative intent is often discussed but infrequently documented, and this work opens this subject for additional debate.1998 0-7734-8286-5
This study presents findings of a longitudinal study of the transition to adulthood of high school students with severe emotional disabilities. The sample of this exploratory research included 41 students in the Severely Behaviorally Handicapped (SBH) program and the Transitional Adjustment Program (TAP) in public high schools and a comparison group of non-disabled students in the same community, a mid-sized county in Ohio. Data were collected through personal interviews of the students and their parents/guardians. Participants in the first-year cohort were followed for three years, and participants in the second-year cohort for two years. The report includes quantitative and qualitative findings concerning student and parent perspectives on contributions of school and family to the transition of youth to adulthood.1995 0-7734-4234-0
This controversial volume involves a study of the etiology, pathology, and epidemiology of AIDS, an understanding of the prevention of disease transmission from dental practice, and an examination of the efficacy of universal precautions in preventing the transmission of AIDS in dental practice. Among its controversial conclusions are: Dental treatment is not a route for the transmission of AIDS, and changes adopted by the dental profession in response to public or political pressure but which compromise the profession's scientific principles are unethical and unjustified.2005 0-7734-6105-1
This book details an exploratory research study that was conducted to examine the associations between acculturation, stress, alcohol consumption and other variables in a sample of 100 Puerto Rican alcohol users residing in the state of Massachusetts. The study relied on a cross sectional survey and a non probability sample. The data collected included acculturation scores, acculturation stress scores, data on the use of alcohol and other drugs, and demographic information. Comparisons were made among sample subjects based on gender, place of birth, acculturation levels, and educational levels.
No statistically significant differences were found among subjects in the low, partial and high acculturation categories in terms of their levels of acculturative stress, or their frequency and amount of alcohol consumption. Significant associations were found, however, between stress and alcohol and illegal drug use. Findings suggest that the associations between alcohol/drug use and stress were significantly stronger among female and United States-born subjects. Study findings also suggest differences between Puerto Rican and other Latino alcohol users in the United States. The main focus of this study was not to test hypotheses but to help generate hypotheses. For this reason, after exploring the associations between a number of variables, the book concludes by providing research ideas and by recommending 12 hypotheses to be tested in future research.1989 0-88946-297-6
Analyzes alcohol use/abuse, alcoholism prevention, and alcoholism treatment among black, Hispanic, and Amerindian youth in the United States.1990 0-88946-284-4
Relates the specific program being evaluated to the existing literature, using a strong research design involving individually matched samples. Particularly relevant because of the increased emphasis given today to the idea that an option for "curative treatment" should be provided to impaired drivers.1997 0-7734-8441-8
Works referenced represent a panoramic view of human leprosy and its special place in human history, culturally, sociologically, psychologically, and medically.2005 0-7734-6247-3
This book examines conversational humor in communicative exchanges during the health care transaction. Our focus is on interactive humor at a specific cultural site as it actually occurs. This study is based on the assumption that the participants at this site routinely engage in some form of humor exchange during interpersonal communication in health care transactions. Given the prevalence of humor use in the health setting, as well as the lack of attention devoted to this important phenomenon in the extant literature, this study set out to explore two fundamental questions. The first question that must be addressed is: If the participants (nurse and resident) in a long term care relationship construct conversational humor or participate in humor exchanges, what are the humorous exchanges accomplishing? What functions do they serve? The second question deals with the humor strategies and their organization by the participants: How are the humor exchanges being accomplished? In other words, what humor strategies and communicative behaviors do the participants apply during health care transactions?
Nursing homes operate as homes for millions in this country's aging population. Because nursing homes more often call for prolonged care rather than a cure, interpersonal communication is even more crucial to this care giving context. Humor use is one way the participants in this study interpersonally confronted the rigors of old age and institutional care. The humor exchanges enhance the communicative climate and multiply the chances for quality care outcomes. This book sheds new light on the role of humor in long term care facilities and offers educators, practitioners, and researchers a powerful tool for better understanding communication in this context.2012 0-7734-3916-1
Drawing on anthropological field work, this ethnographic study by Marieka Sax proposes that an Andean “idiom of feeding” is enacted in a variety of everyday and ritual contexts so as to establish relationships, advance agricultural and market-based economies, and restore health. The book asserts that the process of feeding others carries with it a sense of self-identification for the people of the Peruvian Andes and that feeding as a ritual, is highly connected to Andean spirits who extend life-giving energy, productivity, and general well-being. The study of feeding and the cultural context given to it through language, presents to the reader local, national, and global connections with the people of the Peruvian Andes.1998 0-7734-8361-6
A detailed study of the ways in which 4 non-governmental organizations are carving out new approaches to international development. Points to significant areas of reform and underscores the complexity and diversity of the development idea.1998 0-7734-8361-6
A detailed study of the ways in which 4 non-governmental organizations are carving out new approaches to international development. Points to significant areas of reform and underscores the complexity and diversity of the development idea.1998 0-7734-8288-1
This is the first truly national empirical study of homelessness in the United States. It is based on an analysis of variations in the size of homeless populations among the 3,141 counties of the nation. It contains one of the most comprehensive and up-to-date reviews of the literature on homelessness available. It integrates both epidemiological and policy variables in testing a range of theories concerning homelessness. Its conceptual framework, the underlying 'interdependency model', is both unique and comprehensive in its integration of diverse perspectives. The study tests several important new methodologies, uses some of the most up-to-date methods of multivariate data analysis available, such as structural equation modeling using LISREL, undergirded by in-depth analysis utilizing easily understood descriptive statistics, with a variety of tables and figures. The final chapter contains a detailed review of proposed strategies for ending homelessness, as well as a comprehensive set of policy recommendations.2003 0-7734-6613-4
This work provides a close examination of the definitional issues surrounding euthanasia, and analyses euthanasia as a ‘living phenomenon’ which can be best understood by reflecting upon subjective understandings of the subject and individuals’ lived experiences of their medical conditions and treatment. The work addresses not only the law surrounding voluntary active euthanasia, but also the withdrawal of treatment from incapacitated patients, the refusal of treatment by competent patients, and the subject of advance directives. Additionally the work takes a comparative approach to euthanasia laws in the Netherlands and Australia in order to illustrate the differing legal and ethical positions that exist. The work includes a small empirical study which takes forward some of the central issues by placing them in the contextual setting provided by members of the medical profession, hospice staff, general public, and voluntary and anti-euthanasia society members.2002 0-7734-7102-21997 0-7734-8591-0
This monograph will serve as an important reference work for researchers, practitioners, and students. It provides a review of virtually all multi-subject, controlled studies previously published; gives definitions and details regarding methodology to make the material accessible to readers who may not be familiar with asthma characteristics, research techniques, and behavioral methods; describes each study of treatment effectiveness so that readers can see important methodological or statistical differences; includes material on recently developed relevant theories, such as those involving the vagus neural pathway in the regulation of asthma attacks; and a major section refers back to details of the studies in presenting issues to consider in interpreting past studies, designing future research, and applying behavioral techniques with asthma patients.2003 0-7734-6608-8
Interdisciplinary essays on the ethical issues which encompassed the trials and Code of Nuremberg have been collated from researchers from various countries in fields as diverse as medicine, bioethics, psychoanalysis, history, philosophy, Jewish thought, law, and ethics. The book focuses on five main areas: the juridical originality of the Nuremberg trials; the scientific, epistemological, and psychoanalytic backgrounds of racism and anti-Semitism; the biomedical and bioethical issues of the Nuremberg Code; a post-Nuremberg historical, ethical, and philosophical study of the notion of a ‘crime against humanity’; and the Jewish perspective on purity, impurity, race, and the universal ethical expectations of mankind. The goal of the interdisciplinary study is to outline the necessary components of a bridge between science ethics, and ethics and law.1986 0-88946-149-X
Attempts to set forth as accurate a picture as possible of the present state of biomedical ethics in Canada, along with recommendations as to how it can be improved. Also shows how far the goal is of expanding the field of biomedical ethics so as to provide major improvements in the quality of health care in Canada.1979 0-88946-625-4
The wide publicity given to statistical surveys of cigarette and other tobacco habits in terms of an etiological factor in lung cancer has relegated to the background many other possible components, particularly in the sphere of personality and emotional constellations. This work presents Gotthard Booth's studies of persons who developed cancer, with observations and an experimental approach, the results of which are given in categories of Rorschach responses in order to gain information about the subjects' personalities in terms of intellectual function, emotional control, present content, mental conflicts, creative imagination, and fundamental instinctive drives. From these studies and from the known aspects of the cancer situation the author suggests that cancer is an expression of the personality type. Rich in new ideas with a wealth of informative material to be considered in practical applications, not only in the field of psychopathology but also in general medicine.1991 0-7734-9844-3
In exploring the subject of drug testing in the workplace, the author finds two separate classifications of corporate Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs) -- the "controller" and "helper" models. The "controller" EAP subjects employees to drug tests in order to provide a missing internal structure -- yet the structure of the corporation is where this study finds the problem to be. Yet, employees continue to have no reasonable standards of privacy or civil rights when faced with drug testing. Despite expectations to the contrary, unions often support the drug testing. This research proposes corporations initiate "helper" EAPs which maintain a program of referral services, confidential counseling and the opportunity to return to work.2005 0-7734-6086-1
This study evaluates the cultural competency needs in social work education from the perspective of eight social service workers from the Iu-Mien community. The National Association of Social Worker’s (NASW) Code of Ethics views the acquisition of cultural competency as an ethical standard. The Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) mandates the teaching of cultural competency in their guidelines. Lack of cultural competency may hinder social workers’ ability to advocate, help broker resources, and support the strengths of individuals and communities.
The perspective of social workers’ cultural competency from recipients of service or workers from non-dominant groups in the United States has not been researched. Participatory research, which involves collaborative dialogues between the researcher and participant(s), is the methodology for this study. Most Iu-Mien adults, primarily refugees from Laos, have experienced contact with social workers in the United States. Social service workers from the Iu-Mien community have the unique position of having received services and, now, providing them.
This study provides a comprehensive assessment of the social-historical aspects of the Iu-Mien people, cultural competency needs and recommendations for social work education and practice, and the presentation of the development of a qualitative research study.2005 0-7734-6242-2
This volume presents results from a series of empirical studies conducted in the field of child protection in Ireland. These throw light of the epidemiology of child sexual abuse, profiles of survivors and perpetrators of child sexual abuse, and their families, and important treatment-related issues. The following broad conclusions may be drawn from this research. CSA victims were predominantly preadolescent girls, but boys were also abused. CSA survivors had suffered a range of different forms of abuse leading to a variety of psychological problems. Greatest adjustment problems were shown by survivors of coercive, violent, penetrative abuse. Both individual therapy and combined individual and group therapy can alleviate some of the psychological difficulties that arise from CSA. CSA perpetrators were predominantly male, and were rarely strangers. A proportion of perpetrators were adolescents some of whom were survivors of child abuse. Adolescent CSA perpetrators had significant adjustment problems. Theoretically coherent innovative interventions for adolescent CSA perpetrators are being developed. A parent support programme, that runs in parallel to group-based treatment for adolescent CSA perpetrators holds promise as a core element of a comprehensive family-oriented programme for adolescent CSA perpetrators.1988 0-88946-296-8
The memoirs, letters, essays, fiction, and other representative writings of Jessie Forsyth (1847-1937) of Britain, America, and Australia, with a biographical introduction. Forsyth's order of Good Templars pioneered equal rights for women, fought a bitter internal battle over the rights of blacks, and emphasized the internationalism of the Good Templar brotherhood and sisterhood.2000 0-7734-7454-4
These two volumes provide an overview of psychology tests developed during the 1990s, written to be accessible to both experienced and inexperienced researches. Over 250 academics, from 20 countries, have provided 300 reviews of tests that cover health psychology, social psychology, personality and individual differences, developmental, occupational, educational and cognitive psychology. Each review contains information regarding: the variable measured; description of the test; sample in which the test was developed; reliability, including appropriate information on internal reliability, test-retest reliability and factor structure; validity; where the test is located; final evaluative comments.2000 0-7734-7452-8
These two volumes provide an overview of psychology tests developed during the 1990s, written to be accessible to both experienced and inexperienced researches. Over 250 academics, from 20 countries, have provided 300 reviews of tests that cover health psychology, social psychology, personality and individual differences, developmental, occupational, educational and cognitive psychology. Each review contains information regarding: the variable measured; description of the test; sample in which the test was developed; reliability, including appropriate information on internal reliability, test-retest reliability and factor structure; validity; where the test is located; final evaluative comments.2002 0-7734-7086-71991 0-7734-9673-4
This collection of essays by a group of international scholars focuses on specific issues in bioethics and paediatrics. Reflects interdisciplinary approaches to practical problems at the level of policy and practice. Includes essays on the issues of: withholding life-sustaining treatment from children, the societal expense of innovative lifesaving treatments, the rights of mature minors, the notion of non-treatment as blame-worthy neglect, and the responsibility of professionals in bioethics and paediatrics to continue to converse thoughtfully and faithfully on these issues.1993 0-7734-9285-2
This book describes the overwhelming problems families face in dealing with their relatives who suffer from psychiatric disorders. The majority of the text consists of direct anonymous quotations from a questionnaire mailed to families of hospitalized patients as well as results from interviews done in the course of the author's employment as a clinical social worker in a state hospital. There is an examination of the period when the illness first appears, and the difficulties of finding appropriate treatment and handling the patient's resistance to care are addressed in detail. It gives insight into the problems of daily living -- handling money, interpersonal relationships, marriage and work. It also examines the more unique aspects of psychiatric disorders, such as suicide, aggressive behavior, and frequent substance abuse.1993 0-7734-9932-61993 0-7734-9934-2
Volume One presents a broad range of theoretical positions on psychological counselling. Considers a variety of different theories (non-psychiatric and non-medical) of psychological counselling in the writings of the originators of those theories.
Volume Two presents papers on a number of the important issues in psychological counselling. Topics include the appropriate relationship between counselling and classroom teaching, the meeting of psychological data and human values, and ethics in counselling.
Supplemented by appendices, bibliography, name index, and subject index.1989 0-88946-139-2
Attempts to bring together the spectrum of the varied practice applications of human social functioning in a form of ready assistance to professionals. Provides theoretical and philosophical foundations and practice applications.2001 0-7734-7606-7
The foundation of this analysis is that child sexual abuse is a form of communication that stems from, and perpetuates, the power hierarchy of the social structure. The study asks the questions: What do the stories of survivors and perpetrators tell us about the nature of child sexual abuse? What do these stories tell us about the power relations between the survivors and perpetrators as well as the society that breeds sexual abuse. It identifies rhetorical strategies and uses them to identify patterns in the discourse of survivors and abusers. The ultimate goal is to analyze the discourse surrounding sexual abuse in an attempt to shift the rhetorical emphasis from misunderstanding and blame to understanding and affirmation.2003 0-7734-6706-8
This revisionist perspective on the history of the Red Cross reflects its transformation from its genesis to become the government’s humanitarian agency, and the subsequent effect this change may have had on American prisoners of war held captive in Germany in World War II. Around 1898, Clara Barton’s simple charity for aiding the wounded and comforting the dying was transformed by persons of influence, such as Mabel Boardman, into a bureaucratized amalgamation of expansionism, progressivism, and egocentrism. Renovated by government, military, censorship, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and vanity, the Red Cross desire to serve soldiers, particularly prisoners of war, was thwarted by politics during World War II. It was assumed by many, including the Red Cross, that the Geneva Treaty was being honored, that food parcels were reaching the starving Allied prisoners, and that the Red Cross was relaying accurate information to the homefront concerning the welfare of captive soldiers. Shealy’s work provides data from declassified military documents and Red Cross documents deeded to the National Archives and the Library of Congress. Coupled with mainstream sources, her research offers a revisionist perspective of the American Red Cross era from 1882 to 1945. Additionally, the Red Cross, usually above reproach, turned the mirror on itself with candid monographs written post-WWII to 1950. These discourse, documents, and letters reveal the agency’s struggle to reconcile itself with policy not always in step with its recipients.1997 0-7734-8517-1
New articles by internationally-known scholars in the area of interpersonal violence. The work and orientation are truly interdisciplinary, ranging from anthropology, psychology, women's studies to public policy and sociology. The articles explore both methodological and theoretical issues on wife abuse, shed light on existing debates in the field, often raising new and intriguing questions.2006 0-7734-5955-3
Pregnancy rates among teenagers in the United States are substantially higher than among teenagers in other developed countries. This occurs because U.S. teenagers use contraception less than their counterparts in other countries. Over the last quarter-century, programs developed to encourage American teenagers to use contraception have been very limited in their effectiveness.
In 1991, five recognized behavioral theorists came together in a workshop sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health to develop an approach to curbing the spread of AIDS among high-risk populations. The authors of this book adapted the approach developed in the workshop to arrive at a theory on which they based a new approach to designing teenage pregnancy prevention programs. The new approach and the theory, Behavioral Performance Theory, are described in the book.
The theory holds that three factors are necessary and sufficient for a teenager to use effective contraception. This has two important implications. First, it explains why past programs have been so limited in their effectiveness: Unless all three factors are present, a teenager will not use contraception. Second, it augurs a future in which the effectiveness of teenage pregnancy prevention programs is greatly increased: If all three factors are present, a teenager will use effective contraception.1989 0-88946-135-X
A study of the outbreak of seven major diseases _ plague, syphilis, smallpox, typhus, cholera, tuberculosis, and influenza _ on the European continent, as well as the social and philosophical impact of these diseases.2005 0-7734-6187-6
This work uses classical sociological theory to demonstrate how the processes of rationalization and modernization have altered why, how, and how frequently people consume drugs. As cultural and structural changes increase heterogeneity and individuation, social controls over drug use weaken. Drug use therefore becomes increasingly widespread among the general population, a greater variety of drugs are used, drugs are used more frequently and drugs are used more for individualistic and profane reasons as opposed to communal and sacred reasons. Moreover, as the dimensions of stratification change over time, rules regulating who is permitted to use intoxicants change. Whereas drug consumption was once strongly patterned by ascribed statuses, it is more highly correlated with achieved statuses in modernized societies. The theory can account for current cross-cultural patterns of drug consumption that indicate that rates of drug use are much higher in advanced industrial nations than in lesser-developed nations. In addition, the theory explains the variations in rates of drug use over time in the United States, Great Britain, Japan, Israel, and the former Soviet Republics. Finally, the theory explains the evolution of the drug subculture in the United States since 1940s.1993 0-7734-9362-X
This book presents a combination of salient theoretical concepts, with closely related examples of practice themes in family health services. A major emphasis is its focus on family strengths and how these can be utilized. From an ecological perspective, this text emphasizes the uses of a multi-resource base. Eleven chapters provide a wide array of options for strategies of change. The flexibility and creativity of alternate routes to family change are a unique characteristic of this text. The presentation of a number of interventions with families from an ecological perspective is of interest to educators, professionals, and students involved in the teaching and practice of family therapy offered by departments including nursing, psychiatry, psychology, and social work.1991 0-88946-271-2
The only work in the health-services field with hard data and definitive results about the effects of clinical nursing specialization on the quality and costs of care, nurse-physician relations in the hospital system, and hospital nursing effectiveness. Methodologically presents a major and successful experiment in the social sciences: a controlled organizational experiment using multiple methods of measurement (qualitative and quantitative) and real patient units. Simultaneously studies the clinical nurse specialist role in the hospital setting.2000 0-7734-7519-21986 0-88946-133-3
A series of essays, written by a practicing physician, on a wide variety of topics in medical ethics: clinical uncertainty; moral pluralism; paternalism; AIDS; organ procurement; physicians' involvement in executions; abortion; age as a factor in medical decision-making; sustaining life in a permanently acognitive patient; dementia; disagreement among patient, family, and physician; withholding nutritional support for the hopelessly ill; and the matter of who decides to write a DNR (do not resuscitate) order.2005 0-7734-6036-5
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the Irish welfare system in comparative perspective. It examines key issues which have shaped the development of the Irish welfare state including the impact of Ireland’s post-colonial position, the role of globalisation and Ireland’s integration into the world-economy, and the respective roles of Irish state and societal institutions. The book places the Irish welfare state in a comparative European context and examines the extent to which Ireland fits into existing welfare typologies. It looks at the key policy areas of welfare support for those of working age, pensioners and children. It outlines the development of welfare systems in each area, describes the current level of coverage in a comparative context and outlines key debates. It also examines key policy issues including public opinion on the Irish welfare state, proposals for a basic income and debates on the privatization of welfare. The book concludes by discussing the possible future directions of welfare policy in Ireland.1991 0-7734-9672-6
Based on analysis of 560 telephone interviews with randomly selected adults from the Akron, OH area, the results of this survey clearly demonstrate the importance of religion in accounting for the differences in quality of life, and the need to include multiple religiosity measures in assessing the impact of religion on well-being.2000 0-7734-7627-X
This book investigates the demand for general practice and community nursing services generated by residents in residential homes, nursing homes and dual-registered homes in an area where there is a high concentration of such facilities. The costs of care are analyzed in a production of welfare framework which shows that there was no direct relationship between degree of dependency and the demand for primary healthcare services.1985 0-88946-129-5
An analysis of the way that the social dynamics of the family affects the health and/or illness of its members. Deals with several specific parameters and provides a diagnostic instrument for use by physicians and other members of the healing professions.2002 0-7734-7226-6
This study makes in important contribution to understanding the politics of policy-making by exploring the relationship between political ideology, public opinion, and social welfare policy. It investigates this linkage through a case study of the Family Support Act of 1988. Findings are based on analysis of Congressional hearings and debates, news media editorials and commentaries (over three years), Congressional interviews, and documentary evidence obtained from the private legislative files of Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan, the legislative sponsor. The latter, exclusive access to the files, provides the study with a unique perspective: it enables a ‘policy story’ to be told using ‘insiders’ information. Prevailing notions about poverty, dependency and welfare, and the role of government are examined and placed within in a theoretical framework grounded in individualistic and structuralist perspectives.
“. . . argues that, trapped within an intensifying individualistic discourse which blamed women’s attitudinal and behavioral deficiencies for poverty, the Family Support Act of 1988 necessarily failed to address the structural sources of female-headed family poverty and set the tone for the even more punitive and coercive Personal Responsibility Act of 1996. This book connects a history of social welfare ideas in the 1980s to a micro-analysis of the legislative process, showing how ideas are embodied in legislation. . . . Deprez shows in meticulous detail how these ideas turned up in editorials, opinion columns, and congressional hearings.” – Peggy Kahn2003 0-7734-6868-4
This book has important implications for contemporary feminist politics. It contributes to a growing body of work on the relationship between feminist theory, feminist campaigning activity and policy change.2005 0-7734-5920-0
This study explored how social milieu influences the development and progression of dietary behavior throughout life, the potential of life course transitions to modify dietary behavior, and how a retirement community environment shapes current dietary behavior. The investigation utilized a life course perspective and an ethnographic approach that centered on in-depth interviews of older women residing in a retirement community. The interviews probed current dietary experiences and practices, and constructed histories of dietary behavior. Four levels of influence on dietary behavior were identified: 1) personal factors; 2) interpersonal relationships and social interaction; 3) social roles and statuses; and 4) contexts, particularly environmental, community policy, and political economic contexts. Analysis additionally revealed four major food-related themes in the lives of the women: dietary morality, dietary wellness, dietary sociability and dietary duty. Interpretation of the findings contributed to the development of a theoretical model. The research findings and model of life course influences on the nature of dietary behaviors of older women provide a more holistic understanding of dietary practices of older women and have implications for future research and practice, particularly as related to quality of life issues. This work will be of interest to scholars in gerontology, sociology of food, nutritional sciences, and dietetics.1994 0-7734-9144-9
The Guild of Help was formed in Bradford in 1904 and quickly spread to oust the Charity Organisation Society as the major component of British charity in the early 20th century. It arose at a time of concern about 'National Efficiency' and the condition of the poor. Its main aims were to organise community help for the poor, through the organisation of voluntary helpers, to act as clearing house for charity provision, and to improve the working relationship between charity and the state. The Guild was, therefore, central to the treatment of poverty, and closely involved in the issues of social control, New Liberalism, community consciousness, the new Liberal state welfare measures and the activities of public bodies..1991 0-7734-9852-4
The text examines the morbidity and mortality patterns of Hispanics in New York City, the most rapidly expanding group in the United States. In analyzing the health data from government sources and recent research findings, the authors illustrate the cultural values and health status of this population and how they differ from the other minorities and the general population. Because this group is at high risk for certain maladies, particular attention is paid to asthma, alcohol ingestion, perinatal conditions, AIDS, and drug abuse. The authors also provide suggestions for preventive strategies and more research. Though scholarly in intent, the book is written in laymen's terms and contains a glossary of medical terms employed in the volume.2012 0-7734-2939-5
Understanding migration is fundamental to our modern view of the world. Forced migration is one of the biggest transformative factors of our time. Health rights of migrants are embedded within human rights. Nation states and global agencies are challenged by the movement of people and their duty to uphold health and human rights of asylum seekers and forced migrants. It is important for professionals working in fields of development and migration to comprehend the complexities involved in achieving health for vulnerable populations.
This book details the origins of health rights from the Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. It analyses health rights as they exist in the real world of forced migration and protracted refugee situations. Migration from Burma to Thailand represents a long established forced migration pattern and lessons are drawn from studying this situation. Moving beyond the limited and failed refugee regimes it is recommended that resources be mobilized to promote migrant self-sufficiency. Sustainable living and aid relief care needs to be administered to promote development strategies with capacity building and democratic processes within migrant groups.1992 0-88946-137-6
Specifically directed at a better understanding of the often fragile patterns of help and social support available to the aging and retired in urban society.1991 0-7734-9661-01991 0-88946-298-42010 0-7734-3667-7
This case study combines James C. Scott’s theory of high-modern social engineering with economic and evolutionary theories of altruism and reciprocal altruism to analyze and interpret the text and quantitative data in reports spanning 1887 through 1963 from the Kansas Orphans’ Home.2004 0-7734-6405-0
This book is the first detailed history of child protection and welfare social work practice in the Republic of Ireland, providing a comprehensive and in-depth account of the development of social work within the child protection and welfare system in the Republic of Ireland. Drawing on a broad range of archival sources, the book illuminates the complex and often contradictory nature of child welfare practices over the period 1862-1991. The archival data provided in the book should provide an excellent starting point for persons interested in furthering the study of the nature of child welfare and/or social work in the Republic of Ireland.
The book applies a methodology of a history of the present in a rigorous manner, drawing from Foucault’s conceptualizations of archaeology, genealogy, and discourse. The book attempts to deconstruct and reconstruct the theorization of social work in ‘the social’ (Foucault, 1977; Donzelot, 1980, Parton, 1991) within the context of Irish social work. It is likely that both the methodological and theoretical aspects of this book, applied in such a grounded way, will be of great interest to a broad audience of social scientists and historians.1992 0-7734-9624-62009 0-7734-4798-9
This study was designed to explore the meaning of interprofessional collaboration for human service providers from five sectors including teachers and administrators who work across sectors with families and schools. Lawson’s (2003) taxonomy provided a framework to interpret how participants understood their experiences. Three levels of participants emerged: frontline workers, middle managers and policy makers.
Four challenges are presented that outline ways interprofessional partnerships might further oppress marginalized communities. The complementary nature of anti-oppressive thinking and interprofessional partnerships emerges suggesting that informed and shaped by critical theory and anti-oppressive thinking, interprofessional partnersips in a SchoolPLUS
Context has the potential to become a powerful force for transformative change.2005 0-7734-6114-0
This book presents an original and significant contribution to the study of female and male prostitution. It challenges common assumptions about prostitution embedded in scholarly and public discourses, especially the idea that the prostitute is an affront to private respectability and public order. Drawing upon Michel Foucault’s genealogical method, the author uses historical and contemporary materials to document the ways in which female and male prostitution have been constructed, contrived and imagined as ‘social problems’ over the course of two centuries. The author argues that the social control of prostitution does not merely entail ‘repressive’ mechanisms, but involves the empowerment of prostitutes. Ultimately the book argues that a two tier strategy of governance emerged in late modernity which regulated prostitution by creating a ‘responsible’ prostitute population. The work is, at once, technically astute to satisfy the specialist, and so well executed it will be accessible to the informed non-specialist reader. This work will provide a standard reference and model for future research in this and related fields of enquiry. It will be of particular importance for a wide audience of international scholars, students and policy makers engaged in the study of crime and deviance, feminist, gender and women’s studies, reproductive health, and queer politics and theory. It will also appeal beyond the academy in relation to law, policing, public policy, sexual health and social welfare.1989 0-88946-004-3
An introduction to vision counseling - the principles, method, and strategies of helping clients develop their rational and supra-rational tendencies.1985 0-88946-128-7
A guide to the creation of automated information systems in human service settings.1998 0-7734-8496-5
Over a period of forty years, Dr. Carlisle has examined and interviewed several thousand sexually dysphoric persons, transsexuals and transvestites. This book provides an analysis of the mass of data resulting from this work, illustrated by verbatim accounts. This is the first such account since that of Dr. Benjamin, over thirty years ago.2002 0-7734-7094-81995 0-7734-9402-2
This is a casebook for social workers and social work students. The characters in these vignettes are real people who came to a caseworker to tell their stories. These are authentic case histories with only names and places modified to protect identities. Problems include sexual abuse, substance addiction, memories from concentration camp experience, family dysfunction. Samples of chapter titles are I Don't Need No Transplant, Russia Wasn't Like That, My Insides Want to Go; My Outsides Can't, and I Was Too Shy to Say Sex.2006 0-7734-5730-5
Research on the effects of technology in the workplace has resulted in what has become a still-unresolved deskilling versus upgrading controversy. Those on the upgrading side believe that the work machines do involves repetitive and simple physical movements or decisions, so automation most easily replaces already deskilled repetitious labor, resulting in an overall upgrading of worker skills. However, the hypothesis of this study is that mechanization and automation have become increasingly sophisticated and are now replacing the skilled sector of the workforce, leading to alienation and job dissatisfaction. This study also enlarges the discussion to place technological change within the context of other workplace trends, such as the ongoing process of rationalization and globalization. Although the work of medical imaging specialists is continuing to change with the introduction of increasingly sophisticated and complex technologies, such as diagnostic ultrasound, computerized tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, the skills of the specialist are being degraded, leading to alienation among the workforce. Additionally, it was found that the medical imaging specialists are not passive objects in the workforce but are actively engaged in making their work environment less alienating.2002 0-7734-7083-22007 0-7734-5462-4
This work seeks to identify and analyze certain management and governance dilemmas displayed in Australia’s Catholic Human Service Organizations (CHSO). The research found that these problems are arising out of the complex interaction of the Church structures, external economic and political changes and a fundamental change in the personal base of these organizations. While quite uniform in the 1960s, Australian CHSOs have taken on multiple organizational forms in the past years due to rapid changes in the arenas in which they operate. Yet, in all these different forms, a single meaning system serves as a unifying principle, thereby illustrating that CHSOs cannot be categorized as being derived from a political, economic or legal institutional base. Rather, they are part of a group of organizations called Symbolic Organizations that are derived from a symbolic institutional base.1983 0-88946-125-2
Contains 15 original essays which examine current knowledge and issues related to the development of meaningful, cost-effective mental health information systems. Examines four exemplary systems operating in North America.1997 0-7734-8425-6
This volume provides the reader with an understanding of how to develop, organize, and implement a motor development program for the disabled using the achievement-based model. Part 1 integrates the traditional special education model of assessment, planning, teaching, and evaluation with a station-by-station approach in development of motor and sports skills. Part 2 provides a a guideline for those who participate in these programs as teachers.
This book is comb-bound in soft-cover for greater ease of use. Special text price available.1999 0-7734-8177-X
This volume provides the first comprehensive account of professional social work in Ireland, to contribute to a better understanding of its present form and nature. It considers the development of social work from the late 19th century to the present. In addition to analyzing the main shifts and continuities over this period, it also considers its surrounding conditions: the relationship between social work and philanthropy in its earlier phases, the impact of the Catholic Church on the development of Irish social work and the influence of the State over the shape and form of social work. In addition, it contributes to a debate about its present form and nature at a time when many uncertainties surround its future direction. For a reader outside of Ireland, in particular, the book provides insight into the cultural, political and social context within which Irish social work emerged over the past century.
“. . . this book is a must for all social workers and students of social work in Ireland. As the first of its kind it will also be of importance to those researching the origins of social work in Europe and throughout the English-speaking world. . . . there are many gems throughout the text. . . .” – British Journal of Social Work
“. . . as a groundbreaking survey, this book will in the meantime remain the authoritative source for students of Irish social work and for researchers who take up Skehill’s challenges to dig further into the puzzles of informing the present b reference to the past.” – International Social Work
“This book provides a detailed, well-documented account of ‘social work’ from the nineteenth century until the present day and is therefore an invaluable source for students, lecturers, researcher and professionals who are trying to understand social work practices and the profession within Ireland. . . . Skehill skillfully draws on available source material to document how the State, Catholic Church and civic institutions have influenced the development of social work in Ireland.” – European Journal of Social Work2008 0-7734-5103-X
This clinical study is the largest of its kind in the United Kingdom and the first long-term prospective study of NDEs in existence.
Most research into near-death experiences (NDEs) is based on anecdotal accounts which have no medical data to verify proximity to death or support the reports.2010 0-7734-3642-1
The purpose of this work is to redress the imbalance in existing scholarship on
Neville Chamberlain’s domestic political career. Most work on Chamberlain focuses on the three years of his Premiership from 1937 to 1940, neglecting the remainder of his career.1993 0-7734-9288-7
This nutrition textbook, both up-to-date and accurate, is written for Chistians and others who wish to self-protect their bodies against health hazards. The contents and controversial topics are well-referenced (over 350 references), and approximately 70% of the references are from sources published since 1986. Each chapter contains detailed summary tables that include the major points. Appendixes contain detailed nutrient analyses of hundreds of foods. At the end of each chapter are commonly-asked questions and answers concerning the topic. Finally, at the back of the book 18 laboratories are included, to give students some practical working knowledge of nutrition and how it might by applied to everyday life. Each chapter has Bible verses that apply to the particular topic in nutrition.2002 0-7734-6902-8
According to the report of National Women’s Health Center, attitudes that lay the groundwork for developing disordered eating occur as early as fourth or fifth grade. This study examines the factors that contribute to eating disorders in females athletes, filling a gap in the existing scholarship on the subject.1993 0-7734-9210-0
The study's central thesis is that medicine reflects better than any other discipline the ethical crises of our age and that these are the natural result of the schism between "facts" and "values" brought about at the time of the scientific revolution. It offers a brief introduction to the philosophical history of medicine, argues that current ethical theory rests upon a fallacy of abstraction, calls for a more realistic appraisal of ethical responsibility, and challenges the notion that ethics is necessarily more "subjective" than science. Examines the role of ethics in medical education, managing ethical issues in health-care delivery systems, medical economics, abortion, and sexually transmissible diseases, giving special attention to the realities of ethical responsibility in each case.2002 0-7734-7075-11991 0-7734-9714-5
This sourcebook emphasizes information and experience by practitioners in the field of substance-abuse prevention and treatment, and addresses the issues from a sociological perspective, rather than focusing on a specific sub-group. Given the nature of concerns from interpersonal to organizational, a variety of methodologies is also useful in gaining better understanding. The book also includes material on substance abuse programs in countries outside the US to broaden the cultural context. This book is intended for a wide audience whose research methodology, interests, and skills vary; therefore chapters are written to aid general readers as well as instructors. For the general reader, chapters are written with a minimum of research jargon and data using a modified case-study method which is highly readable. For researchers and advanced students who wish to pursue greater complexities, data tables and statistical information in more detail are given at the end of the chapter. Most chapters also provide references central to the topic in order to aid further reading.1987 0-88946-328-X
Suggests a post-modern medicine, one that rests upon the process metaphysics of Alfred N. Whitehead and Charles Hartshorne.2015 1-4955-0275-9
This innovative book is written for the benefit of professionals who, in their various roles, deal with people beset by adversity. These self-narrative stories of adversity ground the ideas within the book to real-life experiences, real-life sorrows, and real-life triumphs. The book looks at adversity from a real-life perspective, not just from the individual’s perspective. The lessons gained from this study are significant for theory and practice in the helping professions.2002 0-7734-7276-22014 0-7734-3499-2
This book examines the disconnect between the secular and church cultures in the area of ‘addiction recovery’. The focus is on the relationship between the recovery community and the church community as it relates to the missional purpose of the church. Both secular and faith-based recovery programs are explored with particular interest in the churches’ effectiveness or lack thereof in building bridges to the recovery community.2005 0-7734-6054-3
The main purpose of this book is to educate both faculty and students about the nature and paradox of contemporary social practice – dynamics of diversity, discourse and development. Aspects and issues involve social constructs that are used and abused in the problem solving processes. From poverty and powerlessness to violence and terror we find human ingenuity’s attempt to solve problems which persist. A strategic rethinking is therefore in order to see that knowledge, resources and opportunities are not lost in vain. The point of this work is meaningful, enduring resolution of human alienation and social misery. The analyses proffered here seek a unified response to uplift the human condition (at the expense of fragmented approaches and ineffective social interventions). A new theory of social work is one of the intended outcomes of this study. This book will be of great interest to most social scientists, especially students and educators of social work, sociology, social policy, and social development who value critical self-refection as a vehicle of social transformation. There is no other book in the field that rivals this critical-analytical interdisciplinary work.2015 1-4955-0285-6
A new theoretical approach to aid in the inter-disciplinary research on the question of why some racial and ethnic groups are more susceptible to hypertension than others. In this research, the minority status group hypothesis is used to compare the African Americans /European Americans hypertension differentials. It provides a theoretical framework for conceptualizing racial/ethnic group behavior, for constructing hypotheses and interpreting differences in behavior across racial and ethnic boundaries.2002 0-7734-6953-21990 0-7734-9982-21987 0-88946-132-5
Presents the knowledge, attitudes, and skills pertinent to responding to the sexual problems of developmentally handicapped persons, their families, and communities. Details fully documented cases, issues concerning the law, and resource materials available.1987 0-88946-136-8
Presents both theory and examples of social intervention by 16 authors from various disciplines, including psychology, law, and sociology.1998 0-7734-8306-31990 0-88946-849-4
Twenty-two original essays that address the social and cultural factors affecting the use and abuse of alcohol and other chemical substances in a variety of sub-populations, including: adolescents, the elderly, women, physicians, nurses, the poor, members of the upper middle class, Mexican-Americans, Oriental Jews, and black students.2010 0-7734-3659-6
This book examines historiographical accounts of the cerebrovascular condition using a socio-historical approach influenced by the writings of Michel Foucault in an attempt to understand how stroke medicine has emerged in its current form.1989 0-88946-130-9
Offers a study of the chiropractic's place in the health care system. The three objectives include: presenting the first up-to-date descriptive data on chiropractics, assessing the place chiropractic fills in contemporary health care, and providing a critical data base for anticipating the future direction of chiropractic.1992 0-7734-9531-2
This volume presents current knowledge about the use, misuse, and abuse of drugs by an often neglected and misunderstood segment of our population. The various systems involved in the problem are addressed in turn. Topics include interaction with clinicians and the impact of the use of folk medicines, and interdisciplinary treatment. Epidemological and methodological issues specific to this population are also considered. The essays collected in this edition appeared originally in the Journal of Drug Issues Vol. 19, No. 2, Spring 1989.2005 0-7734-6283-X
This book is written for undergraduate and graduate studcnts, human service workers, advocates for children and adolescents, and policy makers who are committed to achieving a better understanding of the importance of family health. In contrast to the traditional deficit perspective of working with children and adolescents, this book presents a strengths based family health perspective. The roles and functions of the family are being redefined in every domain of family life - physical, emotional, mental, spiritual, economic, cultural, and social. Embedded in each of these domains are the seeds of family life that can either be nurtured or left to wither and die. The profound challenge is how to identify the seeds to nurture and the seeds to leave uncultivated. The goal of this book is to continue the provocative scholarly discussion about tho good seeds, i.e., the collective knowledge, values, and skills that will stimulate new ways of thinking to cnsure that our children and adolescents are guaranteed the opportunity to grow up in a healthy family. Each of the authors selected presents important family health concepts in a particular field of practice with children and adolescents that are designed to empower each member of the family. The premise is that making provisions for the health of families is the most enduring and important legacy that can be given to our children and adolescents.1994 0-7734-2297-8
This is a text for graduate and undergraduate social work students, as well as practitioners of community organization and social change practice in the United States. Three distinct social change approaches are represented: traditional, direct action, and transformative. The book provides a state-of-the-art assessment of social change practice and closes with a series of decision rules for students and practitioners who wish to match their organizing goals with strategies in a variety of geographic or culturally diverse settings. An overview of the principal training centers is provided for readers interested in organizing and training opportunities in almost any region of the country. The book emphasizes the advantages and disadvantages of each of the described strategies, presents opportunities for synthesis among approaches, and contains a critical assessment of the theory, concepts and skills required to undertake each of the approaches. Case illustrations and composite scenarios are used to make practical applications easy, and classroom and field exercises and assignments are suggested at the end of each chapter. The information for the book was drawn from a cross-disciplinary literature review which covers selected historical, philosophical and political perspectives, as well as from 150 interviews with leading community organizers in 24 cities, and a two-year intensive field study of 15 community organizing and social change training organizations.2002 0-7734-7253-3
This text was written to provide educators and communities serving children with disabilities in the private and public sectors a guide to develop, implement, evaluate, and revise individualized education programs (IEPs). It provides strategies and guidelines to assist individuals to develop IEPs which will comply with federal and state laws. It will also serve as a guide for support personnel such as school psychologists, counselors, regular educators, physical and occupational therapists, speech therapists, and other specialists in conducting and implementing duties and responsibilities associated with IEPs.2010 0-7734-1407-X
The authors bring together a new legal and medical analysis of history and developments in the area of malpractice litigation. The book provides a valuable resource for doctors, lawyers and patients/consumers, especially in terms of its in-depth examination of the components of the surgical litigation crisis and legal reform. 1997 0-7734-8781-6
This book is intended to fill the current gap in substance abuse prevention theory and practice. Based on what we now know in prevention research and practice, the book strongly recommends outcome-based and systems change approach.
A Systemic Analysis of Substance Abuse Prevention: Vision, Polemics, and Hope (Omowale Amuleru-Marshall)
School-Based Adolescent Drug Prevention: What Works and What Doesn't Work, What's Next? (Nancy S. Tobler)
Substance Abuse, Violence, and Crime (Albert G. Mata, Jr.)
Health Promotion: Strategies for a Generation at Risk (Richard P. Keeling, M.D., and Eric L. Engstrom)
Developing an Infrastructure for Community Prevention (Darlind J. Davis and Michael R. J. Felix)
Ethnographic Research Methods for Multicultural Community Needs Assessment: A Systems Change Perspective (Kristi O'Dell and Edith M. Freeman)
Fighting Back (Project Neighborhood) and Systems Change (Keith Brown)
Community Exchange: An Imperative in Substance Abuse Policy Development (Tamara J. Cadet)
Recommendations: Preventive Infrastructure (James Copple); Systemic Support (Janine Lee); Research and Evaluation (Mary Jo Larson)
Where Do We Go From Here? (Jacob U. Gordon)
With bibliography and appendices.1985 0-88946-131-7
A collection of 25 articles that discuss contemporary advances in community mental health. Organized in three sections: a systems approach to community mental health, psycho-social impacts of resource development, and contemporary issues.1991 0-7734-9904-0
A textbook for beginning chiropractic students designed to augment the teaching of palpation of topographical landmarks and musculature associated with the axial skeleton. Begins with osseous topographical landmarks, continues with associated musculature, and concludes with specific motion palpation diagnostic procedures. Contains over 60 helpful photographs for a step-by-step learning approach. Chapters include: ``Why is Joint Motion Important?'' ``What Causes Joint Fixation?'' ``What is Spinal Manipulation?'' ``The Subluxation Complex,'' and ``Is Motion Palpation a Reliable Diagnostis Test?'' Designed to be used by students in conjunction with chiropractic hands-on methods.1990 0-88946-141-4
A study of social technologies, such as casework, psychotherapy, or other helping processes, and their transfer from one source to another.1984 0-88946-127-9
Examines, with the purpose of educating, health care as it is actually lived and as it involves real patients and real health-care providers.1994 0-7734-9375-1
This work situates the notion of empathy broadly within the historical context of its origins and conceptual development, particularly in psychotherapy. It relates the term to its wider usage in popular culture. Chapters survey the contributions of several psychoanalytic writers, from Freud to Kohut, as well as more recent psychoanalytic inquiries. More specific contributions examine aetiology, description, function and epistemology within the psychoanalytic framework. The work concludes with exploration of some ramifications of the 'empathic stance' for broader application in forms of therapy.2014 1-4955-0281-3
A new look at the highly relevant and impassioned issue of Universal Health Care. Bonhoeffer's writings offer a theological defence for the earthly conditions needed for human well-being. Implicitly that would include basic health care. Utilizing pertinent Bonhoeffer writings, the author offers us an unique perspective on the moral issues of human rights as it relates to health care for everyone.1995 0-7734-9428-6
This collection of papers examines the principles presented in the National Conference of Catholic Bishops' document A Family Perspective in Church and Society in the context of Catholic social teaching, and develops implications for family policy and social justice concerns in the church. The first part examines recent trends and changes in family life and proposes a policy agenda for the 1990s that addresses these changes. The second part develops linkages between social justice and family life programs so that the former can incorporate a family perspective, and the latter can more effectively advocate for and empower families. It provides strategies for implementation in parishes, dioceses, human service programs and homes.1997 0-7734-8670-4
This book examines one of the nation's most important and controversial antipoverty programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). Using three years of data from two counties in Wisconsin, the authors examine poverty, how families initially become and continue to be eligible for AFDC, how welfare can be studied using an Event History Analysis, and program evaluation. Unlike most studies of welfare receipt, this volume examines the AFDC-Basic and AFDC-Unemployed Parent programs separately. It is must reading for anyone interested in poverty, AFDC, welfare reform, and program evaluation. To make informed decisions about reforming welfare, we must have strong grasp of how the current system works, and this timely book accomplishes that complex and necessary task.1993 0-7734-2252-8