Subject Area: Social Justice/Social Theory

Aesthetics of Contemporary Spanish American Social Protest Poetry
1990 0-88946-591-6
Explores Latin social conditions and the poets' world, the aesthetics of protest, aesthetic exhaustion and iconoclastic poetry, the aestheticization of the imagery of violence, Spanish-American prison poetry, the cultural poetics of social protest, and United States Third World Hispanic poetry (the Puerto Rican and Nuyorican, as in "New York Puerto Rican," cultural aesthetic).

Agrarian Modernisation in Honduras
2002 0-7734-7283-5


American Peace and Justice Movement From the Early Twentieth Century to the Present
2016 1-4955-0421-2
This study gives us a different perspective of how 20th Century American history looks when we examine it through the lens of the organized peace movements that occurred, their history, leadership, organizational base and their long tradition of concern for social justice which has led to significant political and social reform in America.

Bristol Riots of 1831 and Social Reform in Britain
1991 0-88946-224-0
Examines the riots in England of 1831, with special focus on the workers attempting to arrest the decline in wages and jobs through strikes and riotous behaviour. Clarifies specific social, economic, and political structures which created the possibility of such events.

Brookwood Labor College and the Struggle for Peace and Social Justice in America
1993 0-7734-9163-5
This is the only single volume history on Brookwood's contributions to peace and social reform in early twentieth-century America. It is based on extensive use of the Brookwood Labor College Papers and numerous other primary source collections. The college was led by America's most famous 20th-century pacifist, Abraham J. Muste. It trained not only capable labor organizers but also established the progressive organization, conference for Progressive Labor Action. The college's workers' education program stressed industrial justice and world peace as the key to a better society.

Business and Society in a Changing World Order
1993 0-7734-9267-4
This volume presents current theory and empirical research on ethical and social issues in business. The twelve chapters originally appeared among the papers presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Association for Business and Society in Leuven, Belgium. These papers were selected for their overall excellence, and many of them deal with international and European concerns.

C. L. Lewis and the Social Theory of Conceptualistic Pragmatism the Individual and the Good Social Order
1992 0-77349800-1
The purpose of this book is to provide a detailed examination of the social theory present within the ethics of C. L. Lewis. To date, no one has devoted sustained attention to Lewis' conception of the good social order. This volume utilizes previously unpublished manuscript materials. It presents his ideas from within the framework of his pragmatic philosophy as a whole, growing out of its positions on knowledge and value. Lewis' philosophy emerges from this study as a consistent and cohesive whole possessing a profoundly pragmatic core. This volume is a complement and supplement to the literature currently available on this important American pragmatist.

Carter Administration, Human Rights and the Agony of Cambodia
1993 0-7734-9367-0
The first specialized case study of the Carter administration's response to the tragic developments in Cambodia. Examines the complex interplay of factors that shaped American policy, including the inability to impose economic and diplomatic sanctions on the regime in Phnom Penh, a distaste felt by the American people for immersion into another Indochina "quagmire", and the administration's desire to move forward in its quest for normalization of relations with the People's Republic of China, which was the chief patron of the Khmer Rouge.

Catholic Concept of Genuine and Just Peace as a Basic Collective Human Right
1991 0-88946-239-9
The first systematic study on this subject in the world legal, philosophical, and political literature. Based on documentary materials and literature, this study is intended to serve as a practical handbook for university and college professors, students, journalists, and other persons involved professionally in the problem of peace and human rights.

Challenges of Women’s Activism and Human Rights in Africa
2000 0-7734-7885-X
This study contains essays written by activists and scholars from a wide range of fields who have conducted research or been involved on a grassroots level in an effort to advance women’s human rights.

Challenging Social Injustice Essays on Socialism and the Devaluation of the Human Spirit
1993 0-7734-9369-7
Six scholars address significant issues: the good society (Louis Patsouras, Timoux Thomas); welfare (Donald Hartley); gender relations (Sharon Carson); prison reform (Russell Ensign); and perestroika (Howard Parsons). Two inextricable common threads running through each essay are a profound concern for the quality of human life, and a recognition of the significance of human spirit. While they do not prescribe lofty answers for complex social problems, the authors do call into question both the ends and the means of improving the human condition.

Communitarianism, Liberalism, and Social Responsibility
1992 0-7734-9656-4
Papers selected from the International Social Philosophy Conference in Vermont, 1990. The papers provide a continuing discussion of the issues related to liberalism, communitarianism, and distributive justice among scholars in social philosophy, and for class reading and discussion in college and university courses on social philosophy and politics. Headings include: The Foundations of Liberal Moral Theory; Liberal Morality in Practice; Liberalism in a Conservative Society; Philosophy and Community.

Conflicts of Property Rights of Land in Brazil. The Moral Economy of Carioca Tenancies
2015 1-4955-0416-6
This research examines the major process of expropriation underlying the creation of private property. It reveals that the wave of expropriation was not entirely an external force affecting defenseless individuals but rather there was willing participation and action by members of the affected community to initiate change in property rights and ownership.

Council and Context in Leonardo Boff's Ecclesiology the Rebirth of the Church Among the Poor
1996 0-7734-8784-0
This study contains a broad analysis of Brazilian theologian Leonardo Boff's ecclesiology and shows its roots, both in the conciliar theology in the aftermath of Vatican II, in the tradition of Franciscan spirituality, and above all in the experiences of the Basic Christian Communities. In Brazil, the Basic Christian Communities have become a popular movement and a new way of being a church. Leonardo Boff interprets this experience as a rebirth of the church among the poor, as a critique of the traditional Church and a model for renewal. The volume analyzes the conflict between Boff and the Vatican over his book Church: Charism and Power, for which the Vatican's Congregation of Faith, under the leadership of Cardinal Ratzinger, punished Boff with a year of "silencio obsequioso".

Critical Madness Theory. A Way of Interpreting Irrational Behavior as Political Action
2012 0-7734-4049-6
In philosophical and economic traditions it is common place to discuss agency as rational and self-interested. This book examines how therapeutic practices in bi-polar support groups actually contradict this baseline presupposition. Can irrational people whose behavior does not correspond to their own personal interests be viewed as political agents, and this book argues yes. How does the madness inherent in mental illness factor into political organizing in radical groups like anarchists, and how can a new existential-phenomenological philosophy, which Dr. Kaye creates, help us to better understand grassroots organizing. The chapters progress from a discussion of transversality as the panacea to disciplinary power, which opens up agency, on to a discussion of existential-phenomenological intentions. It then moves to advocacy for this new philosophical system. It finishes in the final chapter on the art of living.

Critical Review of Selected Literature on College Student Unrest in the United States, 1968-1970
1992 0-7734-9945-8
This study selected an extensive sampling of authors to examine possible associations between an author's recent social position and his perspective on student unrest. It is also an in-depth examination of the selected literature. The authors chosen were somewhat involved or on the scene, and had written on the student unrest within a time frame close to the event. Concepts from the general area of the sociology of knowledge were used as a method of reviewing the literature, and the same method was relevant to the examination of student unrest.

Critique and Social Transformation. Lessons From Antonio Gramsci, Mikhail Bakhtin and Raymond Williams
2009 0-7734-4778-4
This scholarly work is a project of historical-materialist critique of themes, theories, and arguments in contemporary cultural politics. It examines the contradictory actualities and potential of a class-conflicted world system from the radical perspectives of Antonio Gramsci, Mikhail Bakhtin, and Raymond Williams. It endeavors to forge a transformative praxis useful for understanding the current crisis of global capitalism.

Cultural Integrity and World Community
2000 0-7734-7670-9
This volume brings together the work of philosophers, legal theorists, political scientists, and social scientists who are concerned over ethnic and cultural conflicts: the conflict between the need to adopt and enforce universal norms in the international community and the demand that we respect cultural differences; conflicts between individual and group interests; cultural conflict and globalization in relation to liberal theories of justice and economic development, and others.

Ecclesial dimension of personal and social reform in the writings of Isaac Thomas Hecker
2001 0-7734-7332-7
This study explores the nature of the dependence of Christian ethics on religious faith from the perspective of Isaac Hecker. In Hecker’s writings there is a clear connection between personal and social ethics and the mission of the Church. Hecker’s insights shed further light on the contemporary question of the Church’s relationship to the reform of the individual and society. His works are studied within the narrative context of his life, and the study also includes the wider picture of Hecker’s place in the 19th century.

Essays on a Philosophical Interpretation of Justice . The Virtue of Justice
1999 0-7734-8180-X
A coherent set of essays regarding the study of justice and taking into consideration the needs and obligations of the individual as a ‘member of society'.

Ethnology of Four Non-Governmental Development Organizations- Oxfam America, Grassroots International, Accion International, and Cultural Survival Inc
1998 0-7734-8361-6
A detailed study of the ways in which 4 non-governmental organizations are carving out new approaches to international development. Points to significant areas of reform and underscores the complexity and diversity of the development idea.

Freedom, Dharma, and Rights
1993 0-7734-9363-8
Essays in this volume were selected from those presented at the ninth international social philosophy conference held in Dec.1991 at Gujarat University, Ahmedabad, India. The conference brought together thinkers from sixteen countries, discussing basic rights and the corresponding responsibilities that living in social communities involves. The conference was an especially valuable occasion for Westerners, who tend to think primarily in a "rights" mode, to discuss social issues with Indians, whose moral thinking tends to commence from the concept of "dharma" (duty or obligation). The papers here were chosen to be of the widest interest to readers, and to represent as much diversity of thought as possible.

From the Polarizing Mind Set to Productive Discussion of Public Policy and Intercultural and Interfaith Relations
2003 0-7734-6589-8
This volume challenges readers to confront constructively the greatest threat to the long-term well-being of society - polarization and fragmentation.

Future of Human Civilization Vol. 1
1999 0-7734-7945-7
This wide-ranging book focuses on why the global spread of formal rationality contributes to a critical spirit which undermines human values and beliefs (including the scientific ones themselves), be they ancient, medieval, modern and now postmodern. This is so in special relation to the model presented here of the seven major dimensions of human existence: the True (knowledge), the Holy (religion), the Good (morals), the Just (justice), the Everyday (consumeristic culture), the Technological (technophilic culture), and the Beautiful (arts and literature). This not only has happened in the Western world, but is spreading to the civilizations of the non-West as well. When carried to its logical conclusion, this undermining will yield what the author refers to as the post-human consciousness after postmodernity, in that humans are nothing in the end, to be someday superseded by post-humans.

Future of Human Civilization Vol. 2
1999 0-7734-7901-5
This wide-ranging book focuses on why the global spread of formal rationality contributes to a critical spirit which undermines human values and beliefs (including the scientific ones themselves), be they ancient, medieval, modern and now postmodern. This is so in special relation to the model presented here of the seven major dimensions of human existence: the True (knowledge), the Holy (religion), the Good (morals), the Just (justice), the Everyday (consumeristic culture), the Technological (technophilic culture), and the Beautiful (arts and literature). This not only has happened in the Western world, but is spreading to the civilizations of the non-West as well. When carried to its logical conclusion, this undermining will yield what the author refers to as the post-human consciousness after postmodernity, in that humans are nothing in the end, to be someday superseded by post-humans.

George Meredith's 1895 Collection of Three Stories. Explorations of Gender and Power
1997 0-7734-8779-4
This is a new edition of a collection of three stories by George Meredith (The Tale of Chloe; The House on the Beach; and The Case of General Ople and Lady Camper). An opening essay discusses the stories in their literary and historical context, with particular attention to themes and literary techniques that Meredith frequently used in his fiction. Following the stories themselves, the volume includes the full text of several 1895 reviews that reflect the range of social and literary views typical of the age, and give one a good basis on which to build a discussion of Victorian perspectives on gender and on fiction. The reviews come from such major publications as The Athenaeum, The Bookman, The Yellow Book, The Pall Mall Gazette, and The Times.

Historical Study of United States Religious Responses to the Vietnam War
2012 0-7734-2569-1
A historical analysis of the how various American religious groups responded to the Vietnam war, both in support and in opposition.

History of the American Peace Movement 1890-2000
2005 0-7734-6017-9
This work is a scholarly analysis of the evolution of the modern American peace movement. It contains the writings of some of the foremost scholars in the field. Among the contributors are the late Pulitzer Prize-winning historian, Merle Curti, as well as prize-winners Charles Chatfield and Lawrence S. Wittner. This volume is arranged chronologically, and offers fresh perspectives on how the peace movement shed its pre-World War I elitism while, at the same time, transforming itself from one of opposing war to one of proclaiming the need for social, political, and economic justice. The tragedies of World War I represent a major turning point in the movement's history. The essays selected detail the changes which took place within the movement to the advent of the 21st century. Included in this anthology are scholarly discussions about the influence of liberal pacifism, the evolution from nonviolent passive nonresistance to direct action, and efforts to build a safe world through crusades against racism, gender inequality, and environmental awareness. The work also contains an historiographical essay by the editor detailing the large body of literature that now exists on peace history in American society. The purpose of this work is to highlight how the study of peace history has captured the attention of those studying various aspects of American military, diplomatic, and social history. Indeed, peace movement activism in the last half of the twentieth century may very well represent the greatest social movement of our times.

History of the American Peace Movement From Colonial Times to the Present
2008 0-7734-5092-0
Drawing upon a wide array of primary and secondary sources, this study explores the efforts of peace activists and organizations in their efforts to remake American society. More than an examination of the antiwar movement in United States history, the work is an extensive survey of the struggle for peace and justice. This book contains twenty-six black and white photographs.

Holy War
2007 0-7734-5548-5
Though the wise know that history will inevitably repeat itself, mankind keeps on making the same mistakes. It is never an easy task to write about war and religion, and Dr. Jacques G. Ruelland has managed to do so clearly and without prejudice. Through his exposé of the holy wars, this philosopher-historian traces a not-so-holy picture of civilization by analyzing the semantics of “sacredness” inherent to monotheistic religions. With the compassionate eye of the humanist, he helps us understand the origins of the justifications of wars waged in the name of the Almighty. Will we ever learn to eradicate this ancient practice? Not really, the historian believes, unless humanity can succeed in redefining the very notion of peace by assigning a new mission to science which would, ultimately, be dedicated to its real and ever-lasting pursuit.

Human Dignity and the Common Good in the Aristotelian-Thomistic Tradition
1995 0-7734-2279-X
A comparison of the writings of Aristotle, St. Thomas Aquinas, Jacques Maritain, and Charlis De Koninck on the dignity of the individual and the common good, topics fundamental to Catholic social teaching.

Human Rights in Africa
2005 0-7734-6018-7
The last decades of the 20th century witnessed a massive wave of human rights activities, which was positively received by both the general public and the ruling elites of several societies. Many African governments recognized the human rights groups, although the latter were often placed under tight security surveillance, or incorporated into government-controlled structures at the expense of their original or autonomous roles. In political terms, this ghosting process comprises the usurpation of the modern democratic government and civil society by authoritative exclusionary policies. As occurred in many cases, the ghosting policies preempt the democratic context of popular activities by replacing them with state’s agenda to maintain only the authoritative structure and the security functioning of the state. This subservient relationship is clearly evident in the replacement of democratic regimes by military coup in the Sudan, as well as in most African nations, since independence to the present time. The hands of colonialism – and now globalization – are clearly reflected in human rights issues in Africa: governments known for inefficient, rude, and chaotic bureaucratic structures; selfish leaders who stir ethnic and religious conflict for personal gain; rapid, undirected urbanization; the exodus of intellectuals and experts; poor educational and health care systems; avaricious multinational corporations that control capital and technology pivotal to development; and staggering external debt. This book addresses the issues of human rights in Africa and confronts these challenges.

Human Rights of African Prisoners
2006 0-7734-6008-X
African countries suffer from a serious lack in civil rights and public freedoms more than industrial countries do. This lacking, by itself, explains the low levels of reform so far attained in the criminal justice system, in general, and prisons, in particular. In many cases, the state authorities recognized formally some of the internationally-recognized fundamental rights and public freedoms via constitutional or statutory law. Some of this recognition appeared in the prison regulations of a few African nations. The authority’s negation of the right to organize trade unions, professional associations, political parties, or non-governmental human rights organizations, nonetheless, violated grossly the human rights of citizens, especially the powerless groups of prisoners, women and juveniles. Added to the urgent need to fulfill the States Parties’ obligation to the United Nations’ humanitarian law and the standard minimum rules for the treatment of offenders, the African penal institutions must be reformed by democratic methods to allow the public at large, as well as policy makers, to implement the best ways possible to reform the criminal justice, crime prevention, and the prison inmates. A full implementation of such programs, however, would be possibly enforceable only within a political and administrative system of rule that would be highly committed to the human rights of citizens, regardless of their penal status, especially the right to life, the civil and political rights, and the other economic, social, and cultural rights.

Idea of Human Dignity in Korea
2007 0-7734-5324-5
This study explores the idea of human dignity in the Human Dignity Clause stipulated in the Constitution of South Korea, maintaining that to indigenize the imported idea of human dignity in Korean society, the idea must not only be translated into terms resonant with Korean culture but must also be implemented in the institutions of Korean society. This study will contribute toward an exploration of a more integrative understanding of the notion of human dignity as the basis for human rights, both in the Western conception, derived from Cicero’s formula, “dignitas hominis”, which was expanded in the Christian idea of the dignity of “God-like person-in-community”, as compared with similar kinds of discourse in Korean intellectual history, namely the idea of the supreme and relational worth of a “Heaven-like (han?l kat’?n) person-in-Han-community”. This work will contribute to an interdisciplinary understanding of the question of human dignity and should appeal to scholars in law, sociology, philosophy, ethics, theology, and comparative religious studies.

Integrated Psychological and Philosophical Approach to Justice Equity and Desert
2001 0-7734-7406-4
The first part of this volume critically reviews modern philosophical approaches to justice, charts the rise and fall of equity theory in psychology, and describes the conceptual turmoil that has resulted since its decline. The second part of the book argues that by combining the results of modern psychological research into justice and sociobiology with our knowledge of the ancient philosophical traditions of justice, and tracing some of the historical development of these traditions, it is possible to define fundamental, unifying, core principles of justice, and to gain a unique insight into the roots of problems that now confront theorists and researchers. It is not only a unique treatise on the nature of justice, it also serves as a valuable integrated interdisciplinary reference source in an otherwise fragmented area.

Irony of Apartheid. The Struggle for National Independence of Afrikaner Calvinism Against British Imperialism
1981 0-88946-904-0


Jacques Maritain (1882-1973) Christian Democrat and the Quest for a New Commonwealth
1993 0-7734-9219-4
This study examines Maritain's definition of the common good and personal rights, and his analysis of Christian democracy. Also considers his endorsement of lay participation in Church and political affairs, his effort to expand human rights internationally, his insistence on social justice for members of the working class, and his promotion of religious and racial toleration. His vision for a new Christian commonwealth has gained increasing significance because of the current opportunity for restructuring European affairs.

Jesus and the Economic Questions of His Day
1986 0-88946-608-4
A study of the social conditions of first-century Palestine that explores the economic context of the historical Jesus, focusing on: issues of production and economic distribution; the "Jesus tradition" from an economic perspective; comparative material from biblical and Hellenistic authors; Jesus' occupation and the settings a carpenter might have encountered in finding work; the social contracts that could have resulted in Jesus' becoming a broker or bridge between social classes; and reflections on the economic values in the words and ministry of Jesus.

Jesus, Born of a Slave. The Social and Economic Origins of Jesus' Message
1998 0-7734-2440-7
This book is an exploration of Jesus' social origins and location in the society of his time and place. The hypothesis proposed is that Jesus was of slave status because he was born of a woman who was a slave. Contends that his career outside his household of origin was as a "freedman" with continuing obligations to his former owner. This hypothesis explains much that is otherwise obscure in the early Christian writings concerning Jesus, and facilitates reconstruction of his life and crucifixion. The book applies adaptations of methodologies used by the Jesus Seminars of the Westar Institute, of which the writer was a Fellow, to determine the historicity of teaching ascribed to Jesus. Table of Contents: Introduction; Jesus as a Slave - Historical Plausibility; In the Form of a Slave; Slave or Son? John's Gospel; Slave Experience in Jesus' Teaching; From Slave to Slave/Child of God - the Synoptic Gospels and the Acts; An Outlaw Slave and the Jewish Law - the Synoptic Gospels; A Fugitive Slave and His Community in the Synoptic Gospels; Condemnation and Death of an Upstart Slave; Family and Birth Traditions; Conclusions and Reflections; Bibliography and Index

Josiah Royce's Proposal How to Establish World Peace Using Business Rather Than International Law. An Alternative to Immanuel Kant's Perpetual Peace
2017 1-4955-0553-7
The focus of this monograph is Josiah Royce's imaginative proposal to preserve world peace by the virtue of international insurance. It offers possible reasons for his choice of insurance as an instrument of peace. Using World War One as a catalyst, Josiah Royce attempted to combine the art of statistics with the precepts of insurance to craft a scheme for international peace.

Lehrbuch Der NationalÖkonomie / Textbook of the National Economy. Book 1, Volume 1. Foundations for Economic Life
2002 0-7734-7133-2
This is the first English translation of the works of Heinrich Pesch, SJ (1854-1926). Pesch, a German Jesuit scholar and economist, wrote the longest, most exhaustive economics text ever written, one that deserves to be regarded as a kind of Summa Economica. The five-volume Lehrbuch der Nationalökonomie examines all serious economic thinking up until Pesch’s time, culling what was deficient, retaining what was worthwhile, and filling in what its author perceived to be lacking. The result was a design for an economic system that is opposed to both classically liberal capitalism and state socialism, based instead on Aristotelian-Thomistic philosophical premises. Pesch developed many of the basic principles which emerged in the social encyclicals of the Catholic Church. Pesch establishes human work as the principle source of economic wealth and prosperity. He presents three principal pillars of social order: the family, the state, and the institution (private ownership). There follows a refutation of the individualistic and collectivistic social philosophies as underlying free market capitalism and socialism respectively. In place of these, Pesch presents for the first time solidarism based on mutual support and interdependence among workers and owners. Concludes with a distinctive methodological preparation for his analysis of the economy. He points out the flaws of a mechanistic approach to what is inherently a human and social science and in the attempt to isolate economic activity values are neglected such as ethics and religion.

Lehrbuch Der NationalÖkonomie / Textbook of the National Economy. Book 1, Volume 2. Foundations for Economic Life
2002 0-7734-7135-9
Volume 2 presents the preceding and alternative economic systems (mercantilism, physiocracy, individualistic systems and socialism) in contrast with Pesch's own proposed system: the Solidaristic System of Human Work. There follows the analysis of national wealth and its two principal dispositional bases: natural resources and population (that is the work force).

Lehrbuch Der NationalÖkonomie / Textbook of the National Economy. Book 2, Volume 1. Economic Systems and the Nature and Dispositional Causes of the Wealth of A Nation
2002 0-7734-6958-3
Pesch examined how older economic systems were the nature and cause of national wealth. It was done in terms of social systems of human work through the study of its territory, geography and people. It is more than a historical discovery; this also volume considers Malthusian analysis in the equation of a nation's economic strength.

Lehrbuch Der NationalÖkonomie / Textbook of the National Economy. Book 2, Volume 2. Economic Systems and the Nature and Dispositional Causes of the Wealth of A Nation
2002 0-7734-6960-5
Pesch analyzes the various causes underlying national wealth and income. Geography, climate, population and history are considerable factors in the economic well being of a nation. Population structures are prominent as health, race, nationality, education and culture impact the national economic order. Pesch examines how morality, religion, namely Christianity, vocation, estates and classes related to the distinctive layers of national economic functions.

Lehrbuch Der NationalÖkonomie / Textbook of the National Economy. Book 3, Volume 1. Economic Systems and the Nature and Dispostional Causes of the Weath of a Nation
2002 0-7734-6914-1
For Pesch, economics rests on the premise that enterprise and property, though primarily private, are to serve the interests of the common good. The factors of production: the labor force, suppliers, distribution and consumption, must work together to serve the common good. Pesch emphasizes the power of the individual in this process and how labor and vocational groups are established to offer solidarity. The Principle of Subsidarity applies in assistance to the individual moving the economic order forward.

Lehrbuch Der NationalÖkonomie / Textbook of the National Economy. Book 3, Volume 2. The Active Causes in the Ongoing Economic Process
2002 0-7734-6916-8
Organizing labor and economics along occupational rather than class lines is an expression of solidarity that enhances occupations and industries in support of a national economy. Pesch regards this as natural and necessary in modern economies. Pesch argues that a living wage as well as labor organizations and unions are a natural right. The role of the state is to assist in the performance of tasks which the individual(s) cannot do completely on their own. In the particular book, Pesch clearly defines the Principle of Subsidiarity in its relationship to the nature of human society and economic order.

Lehrbuch Der NationalÖkonomie / Textbook of the National Economy. Book 4, Volume 1. The Satisfaction of a Nation's Wants as the Purpose of the National Economy and Production
2002 0-7734-6813-7
The economic process and task of the economy is examined. Pesch determines that the satisfaction of the wants of the population who constitute a national economy ultimately determine the direction of a nation's economic order. Basic needs (food, clothing, shelter) as well as "special" or luxury needs are presented in terms of both purely economic and moral aspects. Pesch discusses how production, and the use of technology, is utilized in satisfying those needs. The impact of wage levels and hours of work effect how production moves toward fulfilling the needs of economy.

Lehrbuch Der NationalÖkonomie / Textbook of the National Economy. Book 4, Volume 2. The Satisfaction of a Nation's Wants as the Purpose of the National Economy and Production
2002 0-7734-6815-3
Pesch examines the means of production from a broader perspective in economic life as both natural and technical. He describes the factor of production as the "produced means of production." Pesch regards man rather than labor as the leading primary factor of production. He refutes Marx's ideas of the means of production. Pesch deals with the capitalistic concept of enterprise and capitalism itself offering his definitions that clarify this economic system.

Lehrbuch Der NationalÖkonomie / Textbook of the National Economy. Book 5, Volume 1. General Economics III
2003 0-7734-6678-9
Pesch explores the exchange process which involves an analysis of value and pricing process for goods. Central to Pesch's solidaristic system is the concept of the just price. He does not accept the concept that the market, when left to its own resources, determines the price. Instead Pesch introduces new modern economic thinking that constitutes how prices should be determined based on a moral basis. He discusses stages in the economic process: exchange and income determination and deals with money and the banking system, foreign exchange, and entrepreneurial income.

Lehrbuch Der NationalÖkonomie / Textbook of the National Economy. Book 5, Volume 2. General Economics III
2003 0-7734-6680-0
This is the final work in Pesch's groundbreaking magnum opus. He expands upon the just wage doctrine in discussion since the social encyclical Rerum Novarum (1891). Pesch states that workers should share in the profits of the company, be allowed to organize and work in humane conditions. His work is incorporated into the social encyclical Quadragesimo Anno (1931). Pesch warns against the abuses of capitalism, coming from entrepreneurial income stemming from ownership of capital and land, and the worst extremes of runaway inflation. Pesch demonstrates the need for insurance programs to care for the injured worker and the unemployed and for just treatment of the poor. Pesch designates as distortions in the economic process economic crises, the strike and lockout. He calls on workers and employers to moderate their differences and to establish a community that is a solidaristic system intent on building a better national economy.

Liberalism, Oppression, and Empowerment
1996 0-7734-9091-4
The papers selected here (from the Tenth International Social Philosophy conference, held in Davidson, North Carolina, summer 1992) work toward understanding and consensus concerning the meaning of the key concepts in current use, and how the most pressing social issues may be constructively addressed. Papers are by some of the leading social philosophers, lawyers, political scientists and other social thinkers from North America, Europe, Asia, Israel, and Africa. The editors selected essays which in their judgment were likely to be of widest interest and enduring value. Social Philosophy Today No. 10

Liberalismus, Socialismus und christliche Gesellschaftsordnug/Liberalism, Socialism and Christian Social Order Book 1: The Philosophical Roots of Economic Liberalism
2000 0-7734-7798-5
In Die philosophischen Grundlagen des ökonomischen Liberalismus (1899), Pesch addressed the revival of liberal economics, that is, the free-market, deregulation and a laissez-faire economic philosophy. Pesch traced what he considered its flawed roots in Enlightenment philosophy. He moved it forward to a more progressive thought that utilized the natural law operating ineluctably in economics. This work appears especially relevant in terms of the recent and ongoing revival of liberal economics. Pesch traced it what he perceived as its flawed roots in Enlightenment philosophy, and carried it forward to evolutionist thinking, and to subsequent efforts to see ‘natural laws’ operating ineluctably in economics as in the physical sciences. Mellen Press is honored to publish, in this multi-volume set, the first English translations of the works of Heinrich Pesch, SJ (1854-1926). A Jesuit economist who developed many of the basic economic and social principles (notably the Principle of Solidarism) that emerged from the social encyclicals of the Catholic Church beginning in 1931 with Pope Pius XI and further developed by Pope John Paul II.

Liberalismus, Socialismus und christliche Gesellschaftsordnug/Liberalism, Socialism and Christian Social Order Book 2: The Free Market Economy or Economic Order?
2000 0-7734-7594-X
Pesch's Freiwirtschaft oder Wirtschaftsordnug (1901) introduced, for the first time, what he perceived as key components of the solidaristic economic system, the system which he would subsequently devise as an alternative to free-market capitalism, as well as to socialism. It is here that Pesch established his Principle of Subsidiarity. Pesch's concept was that the state's role in economic activity was to compliment the activities of other social entities such as cooperative organizations, labor unions etc... This revolutionary idea was later incorporated into Pope Pius XI's social encyclical QUADRAGESIMO ANNO (1931).

Liberalismus, Socialismus und christliche Gesellschaftsordnug/Liberalism, Socialism and Christian Social Order Book 3: Private Property as a Social Institution
2001 0-7734-7587-7
First published in 1900, Das Privateigentum als sociale Institution, was Pesch's work on the right of private ownership. Pesch's priestly training in the Aristotelian-Thomistic was reflected in this book as he stood in opposition to the absolutistic notion which had resurfaced in the modern world under the influence of both the Enlightenment and socialist thought. The right of private ownership became one of the pillars in Pesch's social order which was subsequently adopted in later Catholic social thought.

Liberalismus, Socialismus und christliche Gesellschaftsordnug/Liberalism, Socialism and Christian Social Order Book 4: The Christian Concept of the State
2001 0-7734-7482-X
In Der christliche Staatsbegriff (1898) Pesch established the foundation for social order, inclusive of economic social order, in the form of a society with the common good rather than the good of a particular individual as its object. He refutes modern socialism. Pesch's focus was on the virtue of justice in the establishment of proper order in society including the state. He explained the traditional aspects of justice: commutative, distributive, general and legal. In his analysis of distributive justice, Pesch suggested that income tax, a function of the state, be levied on a progressive basis as a means of justice and equity.

Liberalismus, Socialismus und christliche Gesellschaftsordnug/Liberalism, Socialism and Christian Social Order Book 5: Modern Socialism
2006 0-7734-5782-8
Pesch viewed modern socialism as a reaction to the perception of the harmful consequences of unregulated free marketeering. In Der moderne Socialismus (1900), Pesch was prophetic in his analysis of the implications of reduced wages in economically advanced nations; deregulation of industries and the free market ideology in relationship to private property and the public interest.

Life, Work, and Times of George Henry Evans, Newspaperman, Activist and Reformer (1829-1849)
2001 0-7734-7580-X
Evaluates of the efforts of George Henry Evans to improve the social, political and economic prospects of working-class Americans in a time dominated by what he called ‘law-created privilege’. Evans labored over his press, on meeting hall rostrums and street corner stages for two decades, fighting the privileges favoring (and enacted by) lawyers, bankers, brokers, and clergy. Under the motto ‘principles, not party’ he brought a series of issues, including banking reform and land for actual settlers, to the attention of the electorate and the two-party system. By tracing his career as a whole rather than in the context of discrete issues, and by examining the entire body of his work as part of the times in which he lived, this work presents the man and his ideas in a balanced perspective.

Lucia Ames Mead (1856-1936) and the American Peace Movement
1990 0-88946-094-9
Details the life and times of Lucia Ames Mead, a writer, literature teacher, leading female pacifist, and transitional figure whose thinking foreshadowed later ideas on propaganda. Fills a lacuna in the scant historical coverage of the American peace movement, especially of female participants therein.

Monotheism Applied to Social Issues in the Koran
2006 0-7734-6029-2
A defining theme of this work is the importance of Shuratic process, ‘identical to epistemic-ontic circular causation and a continuity model of unified reality.’ How the religious and moral person can actualize Tawhidic principles in scientific inquiry and scholarship, as well as in daily life.

Moral Case for the Free Market Economy a Philosophical Argument
1989 0-88946-343-3
Places on record a brief, accessible statement for the case for the free market system of economics, based on a view of human beings as moral agents and the legal system of a good community as designed to nurture this moral agency.

Movement for Community Control of New York City’s Schools, 1966-1970. The Class Wars
1998 0-7734-8262-8
Describes how the failure of racial integration led to new alternative demands for increased parental powers over schooling and ultimately for ‘community control’. The story of the school reform movement citywide and especially that which grew up on three officially-sanctioned demonstration districts in East Harlem, Ocean Hill-Brownsville, and the Lower East Side is told in detail. The clash between parent and community activists on the one hand and majority factions within the teaching and supervisory organizations on the other constitutes the bulk of this work. Matters relating to racial, class and gender configurations are assessed. Broad issues of white racism and black racism come under scrutiny, not least in the context of charges and counter-charges which surfaced at the height of the conflict about black anti-Semitism and Jewish anti-black behavior.

Pacifism in the Social Ethics of Walter George Muelder
1995 0-7734-2283-8
This study of Muelder's pacifism and its relation to his social ethics is an important contribution to the analysis and assessment of both phenomena as they developed in this century. As dean of the leading Methodist School of Theology, Boston University, Muelder was always asking hard questions concerning the social implications of denominational doctrine. He discussed the importance of not permitting science and technology to outdistance ethical considerations. He applied the Boston Personalist tradition to contemporary social issues, sharpened his democratic socialist and pacifist approach to the resolution of conflict. He emphasized the tensional, or dialectical, unity of theory of practice, the search for emergent coherence, and the interdisciplinary nature of religious ethics.

People and Programs that Make a Difference in a Multicultural Society. Volunteerism in America
1999 0-7734-7946-5
Book contains a comprehensive compilation of scholarly research on the contributions of people from all walks of life – academicians, corporations, celebrities, parents, students, churches – who are making a difference in their respective communities and the nation through volunteerism and well-constructed programs. Includes addresses and websites. Ideal as a supplementary text in academic settings, as well as a reference guide to be used for those who have a desire to help others and make their contribution to humanity.

Perspectives on the Social Gospel Papers from the Inaugural Social Gospel Conference at Colgate Rochester Divinity School
1999 0-7734-8042-0
These essays address the important question of defining the term “social gospel”, showing that the social gospel, once seen as a clearly identifiable time period in American religious history, is not as easily defined as once thought, suggesting that it covers a broad spectrum of religious and theological traditions that can point beyond liberal Protestant and North American origins. “. . . this collection seeks to give a more critical and fairer account of the Movement and to trace important continuities in later theology. Many who have read Rauschenbusch directly will welcome such a reassessment. . . . together they give a fresh and balanced perspective.” – Theological Book Review

Philosophical Essays on the Ideas of a Good Society
1988 0-88946-102-3
Essays arising from the first International Conference on Social Philosophy, which addressed some of the most important issues facing humankind at the end of the 20th century: justice; freedom; power; equality; privacy; conscience vs. law; technology and changing values; population; business ethics; nuclear war; violence; terrorism; and peace. Social Philosophy Today No.1

Policing Muslim American Communities. A Compendium of Post 9/11 Interviews
2008 0-7734-4812-8
This book examines the experiences and social conflicts facing Muslim Americans in the aftermath of September 11, 2001, providing insight on how the highly politicized and tense atmosphere which followed the events of 9/11 impacted the relationship between law enforcement agencies and Muslim American communities. This work also provides several polyvalent themes for improving domestic counterterrorism strategies, including the need for law enforcement agencies to make a concerted effort to educate themselves on the basic tenets of Islam, along with its diverse customs and culture; to establish an open and honest active dialogue with Muslim community members; and to create and sustain a relationship with the Muslim American community based on the foundational concepts of mutual participation, respect, dignity, honor, and social justice.

Political Theory of Darwinism: Zoon Politikon and the Evolutionary Case for Social Democracy
2008 0-7734-5140-4
This study explores the theoretical impact the evolutionary sciences, in general, and holistic Darwinism in particular, have for any one political ideology that seeks to ground itself within a scientific view of human nature. The text demonstrates how several Marxian ideological principles are quite at odds with the view of human nature espoused by holistic Darwinism, broadly conceived. The author tentatively suggests that it is Social Democracy, as opposed to Marxism or liberal-democratic capitalism, which is the most adaptive political ideology in the twenty-first century.

Poverty and the Human Condition. A Philosophical Inquiry
1990 0-88946-273-9
The first full-scale philosophical investigation into the meaning of poverty. A conceptual and phenomenological analysis of poverty, undertaken (1) to pose poverty as a philosophical problem in the context of a philosophy of human existence, and (2) to analyze the conceptual framework in which poverty is interpreted in other disciplines.

Private and Public Ethics. Tensions Between Conscience and Institutional Responsibility
1978 0-88946-993-8
Compilation of essays addressing the tensions between conscience and institutional responsibility as problems in morality and politics in American life.

Protection of Freedom of Expression in Africa: Problems of Application and Interpretation of Article 9 of the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights
2015 1-4955-0305-9
This groundbreaking research is concerned about the impact of African governments’ criminal penalties for defamatory statements and policies restricting the legitimate exercise of the right to freedom of expression. This book examines how the intolerant culture in African politics is used to deprive citizens and the media of these human rights.


Quaker Relief Work in the Spanish Civil War
2002 0-7734-7276-2


Rending and Renewing the Social Order
1996 0-7734-9687-4
The papers selected here (from the Twelfth International Social Philosophy Conference of the North American Society for Social Philosophy held in Maine in 1995) aspire to inject a measure of calm rational reflection into the often chaotic rhetoric and irrational actions of our times. Papers are by some of the leading social philosophers, lawyers, political scientists and other social thinkers from North America and several other parts of the world. Social Philosophy Today No. 12.

Rev. William Carwardine and the Pullman Strike of 1894. The Christian Gospel and Social Justice
1992 0-7734-9508-8
Of particular concern in this study is the transition in values in the late 1800s as manifested in the relations between labor and management. Discusses the context within which the Pullman Strike of 1894 took place, the predominant values to which it was reacting, the activities of Carwardine, and the rationale for his defense of labor when it was extremely unpopular to do so. This book is based upon primary source material, much of which has never before been presented. The book is a valuable contribution to labor, church and U.S. social history, and also sheds light on contemporary American dynamics.

Revolution by Reason and Other Essays
1997 0-7734-8429-9
This book examines the ideas of the late Sir Oswald Mosley: British politician and philosopher who became the youngest Member of Parliament and the only Minister ever to resign from office over the question of unemployment. Mosley spent a lifetime advocating systems based on enterprise, initiative and incentive as the best way to create wealth. But he always stressed the necessity for social controls to ensure the bounds of fairness were not breached, and he opposed large-scale international trade. This latter, he believed, led always to mass unemployment in the West as financiers switched investment to cheap-labor Third World countries in order to undercut the markets of advanced nations. For six decades Mosley argued for alternative policies. British Cabinet Minister Richard Crossman wrote: 'Mosley was spurned by Whitehall, Fleet Street . . . and Westminster simply and solely because he was right.' This book of Mosley's essays contains ideas that challenge the accepted wisdom of contemporary economic thought and form the basis of new systems for the future.

Righteousness of the Kingdom {REPUBLISHED FROM THE ORIGINAL}
1999 0-7734-8149-4
Interpretation of the Social Gospel concept in two related areas of thought: What is the structure of Christian social-ethical thought, and in what way is the New Testament a resource for social ethics? This book treats many areas of process formation, raising concrete and general questions and issues of concern to the Christian perspective.

Rights, Justice, and Community
1992 0-7734-9599-1
AIDS, abortion, addictive drugs, how to manage political power, how to cope with crime - these are only a few of the continuing social dilemmas that philosophers from around the world have addressed in this book. Written in clear, accessible styles, free of narrow disciplinary jargon, these essays reveal that current philosophical work provides important encouragement for the defense of human rights, justice, and community. Social Philosophy Today No. 7

Social Capital and Institutions of Poverty Reduction in Africa
2012 0-7734-4086-0
There have been many books written about the issue of poverty in Africa. Most of them look at failed policies and criticize what does not work. This text looks at what does work, and outlines how to implement these effective policies. The question of credibility and strategic behaviors in institutions of poverty reduction is an area that needs to be addressed adequately and the author attempts to deal with it in a pragmatic way.

In the academic literature on designating effective institutions of poverty alleviation programs and policies in sub-Saharan Africa, it is rare to find direct assessments of the success of particular social policies and programs. In country after country, one is much more likely to see research on the failure of poverty reduction programs. Very often, contributors to the literature gravitate towards the presentation of raw numbers and figurers indicating that these policies and programs have failed and thus call for the discontinuation of such policies. Curiously, the most straightforward questions that many people outside of the development circle seem to want answered – such as, on what criteria are these conclusions reached, or what particular policies and programs have made a dent in poverty, are less popular in the discipline. This study focuses on the preconditions for success in poverty reduction programs. It proposes a framework which incorporates a mixture of social and political, as well as economic relationships, which these programs embody. Using evidence from original surveys of two micro-finance programs in Southern Nigeria, this policy evaluation study attempts from the standpoint of institutional and social capital theories to accomplish two goals: first, to fill the gaps in the literature by developing an evaluation framework emphasizing institutional design features and a strong network of relationships which lower costs for beneficiaries and providers; and second, to provide critical input for the policy task of designing effective institutions of poverty reduction programs.

Social Dimensions in the Novels of Barbara Pym, 1949-1963
2007 0-7734-5387-3
This study considers the six novels written by English novelist, Barbara Pym (1913-1980), between 1949 and 1963, which demonstrate the response of a specific class of people, represented by her heroines, to the dramatic social, cultural and demographic changes that took place in Britain at the time. Treating Pym’s 1950s novels as social-historical sources, this work attempts to analyze the way in which her portrayals of society, like those of so many other English writers, served both as a testimonies and critiques of the times in which she lived. The focal point of Pym’s novels was the interaction between the individual and the community: the Church, the parish or the work place. Therefore, this book attempts to reconstruct the social world of the female protagonists, moving from the public to the private domain, thereby opening up Pym’s novels to a new generation of readers.

Strategies to Overcome Oppression and Discrimination for Marginalized Groups
2001 0-7734-7334-3
Provides a comprehensive portrayal of the most vulnerable and disenfranchised groups in society. The book explores racial and ethnic minorities, children, gays and lesbians, women, people with disabilities, religious minorities, poverty, the elderly, and death and dying. The study integrates and dissects the complexity associated with understanding underlying causes and conditions that hinder populations at risk from attaining mainstream access. The text provides multiformity in strategies that can assist social workers in altering social outcomes, promoting a pivotal active emphasis on advocacy, empowerment, and social change.

Street Children in Sierra Leone Who Forgive Those Who Physically and Sexually Abuse Them: A Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis
2009 0-7734-4955-8
The study examines multidimensional issues relating to cruelty and forgiveness, specifically following the ten-year civil war in Sierra Leone. It discussed some experiences of children in Biblical times, and connections between the work of street children personnel and practical theology.

Studies in African American Leadership. Individuals, Movements, and Committees
2006 0-7734-5688-0
This anthology presents a variety of essays dealing with heroic contributions made by a select group of African American men, women and organizations to the intergenerational struggles of New World Africans for social equality and racial justice. The essays are refined and updated versions of a set of papers delivered by scholars of African American life and culture at the 2001 convention of the Southern Convention on African American Studies, Inc. Teachers and students of African American history and politics will find the work exceedingly useful.

As a contribution to scholarship, the anthology documents the visions, thoughts, and actions of African American leaders and organizations that had not either received judicious attention within academe or has been misinterpreted. Examples include the understated role of the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC) as a champion of African policy interests in the United States Congress, the counter-hegemonic role of black feminist scholarship, the influence of Afro-Atlantic religion on slave resistance and rebellion in the Americas, and a comparison of the life cycle political socialization of African American and white radicals. An apt example of the kind of new historiography that this work represents is its chapter on the role of one of the icons of African American history, Martin R. Delany (1812-1885). This chapter discusses Delany in the context of a new interpretation of his philosophical and strategic outlook – one that deviates markedly from popular portrayals of his role in African American historiography. In it, Dr. Tunde Adeleke argues that much of the literature on Delany’s contribution to the African American community’s struggles of his time has been tainted by an “instrumentalist or applied historiography.”

Sudan Law and International Human Rights Norms
2002 0-7734-6991-5


Teaching the Social Economics Way of Thinking. Selected Papers From the Ninth World Congress of Social Economics
1999 0-7734-7894-9
This collection of essays is organized around eight major sections: premises employed in economics; the masters on the social economics way of thinking; diagnostic tools employed in economics; teaching economics and ethics; team-teaching economics and theology/religion; evolution of courses taught from a social economics viewpoint.

Tension Between Women's Rights and Religions
2006 0-7734-5579-5
This study considers the extent to which localizing the integration of rights, cultures and religion: 1) challenges the universality and secularization of the rights discourse and practice globally; 2) bridges the disparity between the rhetoric and implementation of women’s-human rights in global and local contexts; and 3) embodies an Asian-Malaysian feminist standpoint epistemology that has the potential to reconcile the impasse of universal versus cultural relativism of rights. The narratives of 25 women and two men interviewed as faith-rights-based activists encapsulate ways of knowing and doing women’s-human rights in epitomizing what it means to radicalize rights and religion in spiritualizing politics and practicing spirituality. This study shows how critical relativism as a moral and political imperative more effectively advances and not impedes women’s rights as human rights within local and global contexts. In doing so, this study offers a solution to the impasse of universalism versus relativism of rights in the rhetoric and practice of women’s human rights. This multi-disciplinary study will be insightful to scholars in Women’s Studies, Religious Studies and Development Studies. It would also appeal to women’s human rights activists in serving as an advocacy tool in weaving rights and religions within local and global contexts.

Terrorism, Justice, and Social Values
1991 0-88946-739-0
Papers selected from the International Philosophy Conference at Guadalajara, Mexico, and others sponsored by the North American Society for Social Philosophy present issues related to terrorism and social values, for class reading and discussion. Social Philosophy Today No. 4

The Heroic Priesthood of Father William B. Farrell, 1867-1930: Fighting Anti-Catholicism, Government Corruption and Waterfront Gangsters in New York.
2017 1-4955-0549-9
This previously unknown New York City Roman Catholic priest of the early 20th century is introduced to scholars of religion, labor and social justice causes. His work as a pastor in Brooklyn and in Williamsburg is only part of his biography. Fr. Farrell stood up to the social and political issues of his time: anti-Catholic bigotry, labor rights, organized crime and corruption in the New York City government. This book contains 7 black and white photos.

Theological and Ethics Writings of Frances Power Cobbe (1822-1904)
2002 0-7734-7180-4
Frances Power Cobbe is best known to scholars of 19th century Britain for her participation in such causes as workhouse reform, education for poor children, women’s rights, and anti-vivisection. Her social activism was founded on strongly-held religious beliefs and she wrote prolifically on religion for fifty years. This book examines Cobbe’s writings on religion, ethics, and morality, and traces the development of her thought over the course of her life. Cobbe’s Theism, critique of Christianity, and her interest in the tension between science and religion moved her from the safe Victorian female realm of devotion and piety to the contentious male realm of philosophical exchange. Her voluminous writings offer a valuable case study for the intersection of women’s history, the history of religion, and intellectual history.

Three American Economics Professors Battle Against Monopoly and Pricing Practices Ripley, Fetter and Commons. Three for the People
1998 0-7734-8329-2
This study examines the story of the success of three outstanding economists - William Z. Ripley, Frank A. Fetter, and John R. Commons - in convincing legislatures, courts, and the public of the need for and value of progressive ideology and action in the fight against monopoly and pricing practices, in particular against United States Steel Corporation.

War, Terrorism, Genocide, and the Quest for Peace - Contemporary Problems in Political Ethics
2003 0-7734-6556-1
This collection brings together a number of papers that throw light on and engage timely and important ethical issues facing humanity in the 21st century: war, revolution, political assassination, terrorism and counter-terrorism, humanitarian military intervention, nuclear deterrence and the Missile Defense Shield; genocide, and the quest for peace. In addition to the ethical issues considered, the study also critically examines pertinent international legal aspects of these issues

Washington Gladden as a Preacher of the Social Gospel, 1882-1918
2003 0-7734-6867-6
This is a study of pulpit work of the ‘Father of the American Social Gospel’ during his most influential years, his Columbus pastorate. It is based on primary sources – Gladden manuscripts and correspondence. It places the preacher in the context of Congregationalism, his times, and his immediate situation.

What Welfare Reform Says About the United States of America. Values, Government Bureaucracy, and the Expansion of the Working Poor
2009 0-7734-4698-2
The study examines in-depth the “work first” Welfare-to-Work Grants program as it was implemented in a state that provided relatively generous subsides to low-income workers. The analysis engages in scholarly debates regarding persistent poverty, social welfare policies, and the efficacy of traditional theories of political economy.

Women's Use of Public Relations for Progressive Era Reform
2007 0-7734-5320-2
This study examines the confluence of social, economic and political conditions that characterized the Progressive era in the United States, women’s influence and actions to bring about social reforms at a time when they could not vote, and their use of public relations tactics designed to bring about reforms that they hoped would improve the lives of all Americans. This book explores women’s use of public relations strategies and tactics in charitable and social service organizations, women’s clubs and government agencies during the same time period that the nascent public relations profession was being used by businesses as a means to defend their status and to see support of the public by providing information about their operations more openly. This study also addresses the notion that women reformers tended to focus heavily on building relationship with individuals, groups and organizations to promote their causes.