Subject Area: Journalism
Delineates the stereotypes of prominent British policymakers appearing in the Southern colonial press during the Townshend crisis in order to describe the information and images available and to determine their impact on the decision in favor of resistance after 1770. Reveals that the struggle for the repeal of the Townshend Duties, as it appeared in the Southern press, was represented as a turning point in Anglo-American relations. Draws on many different areas of historical inquiry: the nature of the colonial press and its influence on the coming Revolution; the British leaders who made public policy during that time; and the ideological context within which the American Revolution developed.2005 0-7734-6137-X
This New York semi-monthly periodical edited by Thomas Kirk appeared from July 1797 through May 1798 under a voluminous title that marks it as a hybrid serial-anthology/magazine: The American Moral & Sentimental Magazine, consisting of a Collection of Select Pieces, in Prose and Verse, from the Best Authors, on Religious, Moral, and Sentimental Subjects, calculated to Form the Understanding and Improve the Heart.
Kirk was especially zealous to defend the “sacred and eternal obligations of Virtue and Religion” as that “affords a pleasure truly rational and refined.” Readers were invited to forward their own or any compositions to the editor, but from the outset, it was apparent that the editor would provide a “Collection of Select Pieces” and had material in hand that might or might not be supplemented by local contributions. In particular, as is documented in this annotated catalogue, Kirk provided a great deal on the “moral” and only a modest number of “sentimental” articles. As the annotations here demonstrate, just as travel narratives could serve the cause of religion, morality could be served by a judicious selection from the literature of sentiment, works wherein rough passions were modestly checked by refined emotions and a rational sensibility.2003 0-7734-6761-0
By examining the activities of Morality in Media and the American Family Association as related to the FCC, this research provides a clear picture of whether these groups have had any impact on the policy-making process. It fills an important gap in the understanding of how the FCC has regulated indecent speech on the broadcast spectrum as well as how it has responded to the pressure of interest groups. Despite the popular notion of the dominance of the religious right, this research demonstrates that the groups have not been as successful in pushing their agenda as some think. In addition, this research also gives scholars further insight on how the FCC makes policy in general.2010 0-7734-1302-2
In this collection, scholars from various backgrounds discuss how emerging changes in
media content and delivery influence culture, education, international relations, and
human expectations. It traces global media trends of convergence and competition for a fragmented and diverse audience. Nine essays are included in the collection.2003 0-7734-6548-0
This book presents studies concerning press coverage of sensitive equal opportunity issues in the American military services during the close of the 20th century. After discussing the role of the mass media, the book deals with press coverage of sexual harassment, media coverage of reports on equal opportunity issues and race relations, and the press’s handling of gender-integrated training in the military services. The final chapter includes discussion of embedded reporters, coverage of Private First Class Jessica Lynch, and media credibility and responsibility.2006 0-7734-5825-5
Significant changes in information technology, media ownership and management structure, journalistic culture, and communication policy are rapidly reshaping the media landscape. Media proliferation has multiplied the sources and volume of news, entertainment, and advertising available to society. This book provides an in-depth analysis of the factors driving the new trends in 21st-century journalism and mass communication. It gives a vital roadmap for understanding the new media environment and its implications for the communication industry and audience alike.
This book addresses the role of media education, organizational culture, regulation, and ethics in defining the emerging communication environment. The various contributions provide a framework for responding creatively, constructively, and professionally to the vast changes in the media world. It also examines the professional and civic responsibilities of media practitioners, owners, policy-makers, and the audience toward sustaining journalistic quality and integrity. It combines insightful theoretical and historical critique with practical professional and policy guidelines. The divergent professional and philosophical perspectives are very relevant and timely for those navigating the new media threshold.2006 0-7734-5849-2
Eric Sevareid, one of the original Murrow boys, was a highly influential CBS correspondent and best known for his provocative television commentaries which he delivered almost every night on the Evening News
with Walter Cronkite. From 1964 until his retirement in 1977, Sevareid’s commentaries reflected elegant language in an eloquent style and offered serious thoughts that entered the homes of many Americans, giving them the opportunity to weigh his words and thoughts and make up their own minds on important issues facing the nation. During this turbulent period in American history, Sevareid offered commentaries on the civil rights movement, the Vietnam war, the presidency of Richard Nixon and Watergate and the important role of mass media in a democratic society. Easily one of the most influential television journalists, Sevareid understood very well that his role as a commentator was not to advocate, but simply to inform and enlighten. His goal was not to persuade his viewers to adopt a particular viewpoint, but to tell them what he had learned in a lifetime of reporting. His professional perspective should serve as an instructive model for the new generation of broadcast journalists. This study examines Sevareid’s commentaries and offers an historical perspective on the tumultuous events which prompted them.2007 0-7734-5493-4
This book focuses on the news coverage of an environmental movement against the construction of Pak Mun Dam – a political and environmental conflict that lasted nearly twelve years in Thailand. This book examines how the environmental movement was perceived and portrayed by four influential Thai daily newspapers – Thai Rath, Matichon, The Nation
and Bangkok Post
. Combining the conceptual frameworks of global environmental movements and news construction, this study views the role of local news media based on the dynamic discourse of glocalization
. The author proposes that through their routine process of news construction, local news media institutions work as conduits or “glocal
conjunctures” between the local and the global. Under various intra- and extra-organizational factors and circumstances, local media has the power to link global meanings to local environmental discourse.2015 1-4955-0324-0
This study contends that democracy and political change is deeply rooted in the mass media’s ability to become a major agent of political socialization that was capable of mobilizing local populations into changing longstanding African attitudes about politics and election outcome behaviors.2010 0-7734-3838-6
This work is a comparative descriptive analysis of seventy English language headlines and their Arabic translations gathered from the Arab national and international press and news agencies over the period of January 1, 2002 through August 1, 2002, a period that happened to include the months leading up to the second Iraq war. The headlines considered in this study are selected for their relevance to Middle East issues and for their importance. While headline translation has received some attention from scholars, there is little or nothing in the literature that deals specifically with the translation of English language headlines into Arabic.2006 0-7734-5628-7
This book examines the manner in which the national media in the United States treated lynching and vigilante activity between 1850 and 1940. A social constructionist perspective, developed by Gamson and Modigliani, is utilized to determine media orientation toward lynching. The perspective emphasizes the importance of media framing, sponsor and opponent activity, and media balance. Since not all lynching incidents can be studied, critical discourse moments are selected.
Four broad time periods in different regions of the nation are defined, and lynching is examined in these areas. In the 19th century, the media in all areas of the nation were relatively favorable toward lynching, and used it as a means of mass entertainment. By World War I, there was a significant change in media treatment of the behavior, with the activities of opponents, as well as its social consequences, increasing media opposition to it. Lynching atrocities, including burning the lynch victim alive, turned the media and public against it, as did the causal connection between lynching and race riots. Opponents of the activity, as well as public celebrities, became more outspoken against it, as did political cartoonists, who showed its consequences. In general, media opposition to lynching followed public opinion changes, rather than creating these changes.2002 0-7734-6976-1
This is the first systematic study of the work of U.S. foreign correspondents in China, focusing on how they understand and communicate the culture and politics of China to Americans. It examines how they gather news, interpret events, cope with Chinese government relations and present a picture of China on a continuous basis.2003 0-7734-6691-6
This study, using a new theoretical approach called cultural catalysis theory, argues that it was the diffusion of many communication technologies – not solely television – that contributed to a decline in Localism (participating in local political issues) and Cosmopolitanism (interest in presidential campaign). Cultural catalysis theory posits that there are four groups in society: Localists, Cosmopolitans, Community Leaders, and Displaced. The theory also posits that technologies changed the composition of these groups over time because they permitted people to look outside their local community for socializing and entertainment, and allowed people to entertain themselves alone in their homes. Two longitudinal datasets, the National Election Study (1960-2000) and the General Social Survey (1974-2000) were used to test the hypotheses.2013 0-7734-4365-7
This edition of the extant four hundred and sixty-four surviving letters from the editor and man of letters W.E. Henley (1849-1903) to the classical scholar Charles Whibley (1859-1930) cover the period late 1888 to June 1903 and give an insight into the workings of an editor and his major contributor and also their firm friendship, with Whibley replacing Robert Louis Stevenson in Henley’s life.2003 0-7734-6615-0
Edward H. Butler was emblematic of the late 19th-century new journalists who built the modern press by wrenching civic discourse from its narrow partisan roots and carving out vital new cultural, social, economic and political roles for newspapers. The trajectory of Butler’s career arcs through this important transitional period in the development of American journalism and civic culture. The central conflict in contemporary journalism between democratic duty and financial prerogatives grew from paradoxes rooted in the Gilded Age press. A deeper understanding of the forces that made and unmade the ‘new journalism’ sheds light not only on journalism’s past, but on its future. In addition to the biography itself, the study examines the Buffalo News’s impact on local and national levels, including the paper’s crusade to improve the terrible Polish immigrant tenements of the time, its backing of the Pan-American Exposition at which President McKinley was assassinated, and the struggle of labor unions.2006 0-7734-5657-0
The Oxford-based weekly periodical, The Loiterer
, which appeared from January 31, 1789 to March 20, 1790, was the creation of both James Austen and his younger brother, Henry. Although the work of both men would be obscured by the achievements of their sister, Jane, their own writing deserves attention. The Loiterer
represents an important stage in the history and development of the periodical essay as an English literary mode or genre.2007 0-7734-5286-9
This book examines, for the first time ever, Middle-Eastern media censorship. By using an analytical and comparative approach this book, explicitly, shows how the censorial culture grew as the media developed in this region. It also illustrates the illusionary and deceptive arguments presented by the authorities citing articles and stipulations from the constitution that speaks for the freedom of the press and free speech. This book also shows the possibility for emerging models of media in the Middle East that highlight a direction toward democracy and the application of laws and regulations.2006 0-7734-5744-5
This collection of essays provides a systemic evaluation of the transition experience of media and correlate institutions in the decade following the introduction of a multiracial democracy in South Africa. The contributors, from inside and outside South Africa, assess the transition experience from multiple perspectives.2010 0-7734-4683-4
This work presents a case study of journalism as persuasion through a triangulated examination of ABC 20/20
’s story “Hollywood’s Unlikely Hero” (December 1998), which reports on the death penalty case of Mumia Abu-Jamal. The methodology includes rhetorical analysis, experimental design, and focus group audience research. It also examines the impact of a media literacy intervention on news reception by showing the video “Framing an Execution: the Media and Mumia Abu-Jamal” and measuring its effects on audience perceptions of the 20/20
story. Each book includes a DVD copy of the “Framing an Execution: the Media and Mumia Abu-Jamal”.2004 0-7734-6375-5
News and popular magazines’ coverage of Mormons and Asian Americans in the past several decades have helped to construct a model minority stereotype of Mormons and Asian Americans. Journalists emphasize the economic success and apparently thrifty, hardworking, and self-reliant nature of members of both the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the Asian American community. At the same time, journalists portray both groups as deviating from mainstream American culture and discursively place them as others, when compared to American norms. Unlike most negative stereotypes (“greedy Jews,” “criminal blacks,” “fighting Irish,” “savage American Indians,” “cunning Asians,” etc.), the model minority stereotype appears to celebrate both minority groups through depicting their success, hard work, and self-reliance. Positive stereotyping is preferable to negative stereotyping, yet still may be problematic in significant ways. At the same time the model minority stereotype seems to praise Mormons and Asian Americans, it also distances the groups from American norms and posits them as others who do not entirely belong within mainstream America.
This book situates news and popular magazines’ coverage of Asian Americans and Mormons within model minority discourse, explains the discourse’s problematic nature, and points out how the two discourses shape power relations between majorities and minorities in American society. The book employs critical discourse analysis, a powerful tool to uncover ideology within dominant discourses and challenge unequal power structures in society. By so doing, it aims to improve society for minority groups. The book also explores journalistic narrative. By following conventional narrative forms and shared cultural meanings, journalists often adopt established cultural norms and reinforce status quo ideologies. Chen’s goal is not simply to analyze the model minority discourse in news and popular magazines or merely to provide a critique of journalists’ conventional narrative forms. She also uses her analysis of journalistic discourse as a means of consciousness-raising—for both minority groups and journalists—and to further encourage alternative approaches to writing about minority groups. She provides ideas for journalists to improve coverage of the two groups and minorities in general.
In this book, the author employs a postethnic perspective in examining magazines’ model minority discourses. This perspective recognizes and respects differences between groups, as multiculturalists advocate, but it also searches for common experiences between groups and suggests that different group experiences may not be wholly unique and dissimilar. Comparing religious identity with ethno-racial identity promotes a deeper understanding of the treatment of minorities by American culture. Utilizing Foucault’s notion of discourse, Chen argues that magazine coverage of Mormon and Asian American success has created a discursive practice. Model minority notions pervade writings about Mormons and Asian Americans more completely than they would as simply stereotypes. Model minority discourse encompasses a complex set of ways to create meaning. It glorifies certain culturally dominant values and practices; at the same time, it positions a group of people as representatives of, but not full participants in, the social life of the majority.2002 0-7734-7129-4
This study argues that national identities in Europe go through a process of transformation. The process of European integration, on one hand, and increasing migration flows and the affirmation of cultural identities on the other, have led to a re-definition not only of the content of national identities but also of their nature. Interaction between national, sub-national and transnational forms of collective identification are governance has given way to a more flexible view of nationhood, which affirms uniqueness and difference but also accepts commonality with Others. The empirical material presented in this book provides an overview of collective identities in contemporary Europe and highlights their evolution during the past twenty years. The study concentrates on the national press, because the media are seen as an important carrier of identity discourses. The study of representations of ‘Us, the nation,’ relevant outgroups, and the interaction between them starts with the end of the Cold War era, goes through the collapse of the Communist regimes in Eastern Europe, and reaches the present and the realization of a European Union. Images of the nation in four EU member-states – Britain, Germany, Greece and Italy – are analyzed. Furthermore, their intertwining with or contrast to representations of the European Union, images of other Western and Central-Eastern European nations, as well as ethnic minorities and immigrant communities are highlighted. At the theoretical level, the book explores how transnational and sub-national challenges to the power and legitimacy of the nation are dealt with in the national press discourse. The extent to which national identity is compatible, or indeed, overlaps with notions of a European identity and culture are also discussed. In answering these questions, new conceptual tools for the study of national identity in contemporary European societies are explored.2012 0-7734-2599-3
Among New Journalists of the 1960s-1970s, Michael Herr, Norman Mailer, Hunter S. Thompson, and Joan Didion approached their subjects by placing themselves in the center of their narratives as protagonists and by openly acknowledging their subjective impressions of the events they reported. Unlike journalists who adopted the conventions of detachment and objectivity, these New Journalists employed their subjective, literary styles to construct their narrative personae and to dramatize not only the events like the Vietnam War and the 1972 presidential campaign but their direct participation in the stories they told.
Through the critical lens of Kenneth Burke’s dramatism and Mikhail Bahktin’s dialogism, this study analyzes the rhetoric of selected texts by these New Journalists, specifically Herr’s Dispatches
, Mailer’s The Armies of the Night
, Thompson’s Fear and Loathing on the Campaign Trail
, and Didion’s Salvador
, in a way that highlights their use of self-consciously persuasive styles not only to report on but to critique the contemporary political scene.2006 0-7734-5874-3
This book is the only comprehensive work on the subject of Mexican women’s involvement in journalism from its hidden beginnings in colonial times to the mid-twentieth century. By 1940, a few women had become star reporters in Mexico City, the geographical focus of this study. After an introductory chapter on the colonial roots of women’s journalism, the book focuses on the revolutionary period from 1876 to 1940. During these tumultuous years, a handful of extraordinary women broke into journalism in order to promote various social and political causes. In the process, they expanded women’s journalism beyond the society pages, and made political journalism a respectable career for women. Short excerpts from the works of these pioneering women appear throughout Pouwels' book. In addition, each chapter closes with a full-length article by one of the writers featured in that chapter. The end-of-chapter selections, never before republished, both exemplify the writers’ works and summarize the burning issues of their times. All primary and secondary-source excerpts in Spanish appear also in English translation, making the material accessible to interdisciplinary women’s studies scholars and students who must rely on English translations.
In addition to synthesizing the historical and biographical data, this book compiles and evaluates the widely dispersed, and sometimes contradictory, secondary-source material. The index and exhaustive bibliography, which are usually lacking in Mexican sources, will facilitate future research in this area.2000 0-7734-7684-9
This book deals with the relations between public communications and politics in the context of the nation-state system in Africa. It adopts an approach that interweaves theory and practice and, in this sense, stands apart from previous, mostly descriptive studies. It begins with an overview that presents a general theoretical model of communication and influence processes in politics. Other chapters focus on the practical issues. The final chapter, noting that many of the state –press interaction problems are partly matters of politics and partly matters of interpretation, integrates the descriptions, suggestions, and prescriptions of the earlier chapters in an interpretive analysis that also serves as a guide for future research and policymaking.2005 0-7734-5926-X
This book explores, through the lens of history, the dynamics between the press, politics and public policy in Uganda. It illuminates and documents the various tensions and struggles for press freedom in the country since the establishment of the first newspaper in 1900. The book demonstrates that, despite Uganda’s brush with multiple political systems over the decades – multiparty, one-party politics, military rule and no-party political arrangements – the press has always been at the receiving end of the stick. Consequently, journalists, in their yearnings for a legally unrestrictive media-free environment under a liberal socio-political atmosphere, have had to deploy various methods and approaches in dealing with the various state apparatuses.2004 0-7734-6259-7
This book investigates the relationship between Nigerian military governments and the Nigerian press in the context of press freedom over a period of twenty-three years. The largely historical legal study focuses on four objectives to wit: to examine the laws (decrees and edicts) which defined the limits of press freedom during military rule in Nigeria; to draw together in one document the pertinent Nigerian case law in the area of press freedom during military rule; to identify and analyze the institutional, legal and non-legal measures and mechanisms utilized by Nigerian military regimes in controlling the press; and to identify and analyze the socio-political factors that influenced or affected press freedom during military rule in Nigeria.2007 0-7734-5872-7
This monograph examines the role of the Jackson, Mississippi Clarion-Ledger
in the adoption of the landmark 1982 Education Reform Act by the Mississippi State Legislature. The Ledger
was awarded the 1983 Pulitzer Prize Gold Medal for public service for its massive coverage of a special legislative session that enacted significant educational reforms in Mississippi.1995 0-7734-8956-8
After 1829 the appearance in France of a number of magazines and newspapers which promoted original short fiction brought about a revolution in the dissemination, form and development of new literature. At first restricted to literary reviews, after 1836 newspapers also adopted short fiction. This led to the influence of editors and the public in dictating literary taste, and the commercialization soon provoked a critical debate on the role of literature and the press. This work examines this phenomenon and analyses the enormous output of short fiction by concentrating on two major reviews, La Revue de Paris and La Revue des Deux Mondes, and two leading newspapers, La Presse and Le Siècle, supplemented by a wide selection of other titles. This is followed by a cross section of stories which constitutes a unique collection of hitherto unpublished short fiction, thus allowing the reader to gain firsthand experience of a process that was to shape the future of French literature.2003 0-7734-6660-6
With the passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Congress opened the door for an industry that was once heavily regulated to take bold steps in the directions of competition. Through an examination of nine major Federal Communications Commission rulemakings, more than fifteen years of legislative activity in Congress, and several other policy decisions undertaken during the 20th century, this study argues that the Telecommunications Act was part of a process of social learning in which federal regulators entered an enduring mindset of competition beginning in the late 1970s. Scholars interested in telecommunications issues and developmental theories of policy change will find this book particularly engaging.2002 0-7734-7323-8
The eleven essays in this volume examine three broad themes: the dynamics of national policy-making during the Hanoverian period; the role of diplomats in the formulation as well as execution of foreign policy; and the political impact of the press.2002 0-7734-7259-2
This study examines the changes, conflicts and contradictions that have occurred in print newsrooms over the past quarter century. It examines how some newspeople have questioned the way print journalism is practiced and how news is defined. Specifically, it is a sociological/anthropological account of the growth of ‘cultures of writing,’ ideological schemas and survival strategies to cope with change within news media. It is also an intimate account of how the professional and sometimes private lives of newspeople may affect social change in the newsroom. The book places storytelling in social and historical contexts and then adds the context of the experiences of newspeople in three extended and two shorter newsroom case studies.1991 0-88946-503-7
Examines the most dramatic episodes in the history of the Morning Post, and how their ramifications extended well beyond the boundaries of the newspaper and into politics, foreign policy, defense matters, development of popular tastes, and advertising and marketing strategies. These episodes capture some of the spirit of the age and more than a little of the soul of an established institution in a new era.2002 0-7734-7308-4
What emerges from this study is a greatly complicated and enriched picture of the roles journalists play in our ever more complex, media-saturated world. The first chapters show that the terms World Wide Web, symbolic interaction, social construction of media, and convergence of meaning name current American social, psychological, epistemological and political movements that revolve around the interactive construction process of knowledge rather than the one-way delivery that characterizes traditional journalism. The middle chapters discuss research where nearly 200 reporters and news consumers were surveyed. The final chapter presents conclusions about the attitudes of journalists and their audiences.1992 0-7734-9435-9
With the assistance of the Faculty for Jewish Studies, Bar-Ilan University, Israel
The study describes and analyzes the press's reaction to the events in the Middle East at critical stages of the evolving relationship within the context of the broader regional and international systems. These findings are crucial to understanding the attitudes toward Israel that prevailed in America during the period examined. The New York Times and The Washington Post were singled out because they are considered the most prestigious and influential papers both in the United States and abroad. In order to achieve a comprehensive evaluation of these papers' attitudes toward U.S. aid policy vis-a-vis Israel, every editorial and commentary that appeared in each paper during the entire period was examined.2012 0-7734-2920-4
Sociologists can learn a lot from studying a group’s media consumption patterns. In this study, Ogunyemi researches what stories are most resonant with Black Africans living in England. The book tries to discover whether or not this minority group adopts normative approaches to media coverage, by not only consuming but participating in media. It also discusses the omission of African stories by the mainstream media in England. This book will contribute to understanding ethnic media trends.2001 0-7734-7485-4
‘Municipal housekeepers’ were militant women who believed that a woman’s place was in the home, but that the home was larger than just four walls. They believed a woman’s home was her city and that it was the responsibility of women to keep their cities safe and clean. This study traces the beginnings of municipal housekeeping journalism to the early days of the women’s club movement in America and describes its development in newspapers, club publications, general interest magazines and popular women’s magazines. It is the first study to concentrate on the work of women journalists during the movement, explores the different ways women promoted reform activities in newspapers and magazines, and links the work of the earlier women journalists to the 19th century themes of domesticity and municipal housekeeping.