Subject Area: American History
One of the most significant decades in United States history, the 1890s represented a transitional time of political, economic, social, diplomatic, and cultural change. It was both the conclusion of the Gilded Age as well as the beginning of modern America and progressive reform. The twin forces of change and continuity came into play. An agricultural, rural, largely homogeneous society was shifting into a more industrial, urban, and heterogeneous republic marked by increasing presidential prerogative in domestic affairs and international relations. How Americans reacted to these growing pains presents historians with a wealth of information with which to dissect the times and better understand the momentous events that occurred between 1890 and 1899.
This book is an edited compilation of first-person accounts consisting of over four hundred pages of valuable primary source material. Each entry is accompanied by an introduction. Easier to use in one format than having tediously to track down forty-nine separate entities, the book analyzes important roles played that decade by social reformers, economic theorists, religious leaders, political figures, literary achievers, educational innovators, medical doctors, protesting labor strikers, judicial decisions, dedicated conservationists, avowed agitators, diplomatic initiators, philosophers, prohibitionists, sectionalists, librarians, and agriculturists who discussed a number of issues, such as civil rights, crime, anti-imperialism, and the growth of monopolies.2002 0-7734-7266-5
This study details the career of a prominent 19th century Missouri lawyer and Whig politician. As a lawyer, Leonard tried thousands of cases before county circuit courts, the Missouri Supreme Court, and the United States Supreme Court. Leonard’s legal career furnishes insight into the daily lives, special difficulties, and duties of frontier lawyers, circuit attorneys, and supreme court justices. The biography also illuminates the political culture of Missouri from the beginning of the Age of Jackson into the Civil War period. Elected to the House of Representatives, Leonard’s efforts demonstrate how politicians participated in their caucuses, developed legislative strategies, and built consensus. Finally, it furnishes greater understanding of the complex emotional, cultural, political and economic factors that led to sharp divisions over the issues of secession and civil war in a border state. Leonard and his family experienced many of war’s hardships. Despite being a slaveholder, Leonard supported emancipation as a necessary measure to hasten Union victory.1997 0-7734-8595-3
Admiral William A. Moffett graduated from the Naval Academy in 1890, served at sea and ashore for 22 years before he saw aircraft operate with the fleet. He administered a large aviation unit while commanding the US Naval Training Station at Great Lakes, and from 1918 to 1920 he commanded the battleship Mississippi, which carried aircraft. After that he became the Director of Naval Aviation and then the first Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics, in 1921.He was killed in the sea crash of the dirigible Akron in 1933. Includes a bibliography of Moffett's major published writings and speeches, and illustrations.1997 0-7734-8520-1
This series incorporates study of the legislative debate and action, various enactments, attempts to supply equipage, and action in war and peace. It utilizes original source material, primarily state archives, newspapers, and collections of historical societies.1997 0-7734-8522-8
This series incorporates study of the legislative debate and action, various enactments, attempts to supply equipage, and action in war and peace. It utilizes original source material, primarily state archives, newspapers, and collections of historical societies.1997 0-7734-8524-4
This series incorporates study of the legislative debate and action, various enactments, attempts to supply equipage, and action in war and peace. It utilizes original source material, primarily state archives, newspapers, and collections of historical societies.
Volume I: Introduction to the American Colonial Militia1997 0-7734-8526-0
This series incorporates study of the legislative debate and action, various enactments, attempts to supply equipage, and action in war and peace. It utilizes original source material, primarily state archives, newspapers, and collections of historical societies.1997 0-7734-8528-7
This series incorporates study of the legislative debate and action, various enactments, attempts to supply equipage, and action in war and peace. It utilizes original source material, primarily state archives, newspapers, and collections of historical societies.1990 0-88946-841-9
Delineates the stereotypes of prominent British policymakers appearing in the Southern colonial press during the Townshend crisis in order to describe the information and images available and to determine their impact on the decision in favor of resistance after 1770. Reveals that the struggle for the repeal of the Townshend Duties, as it appeared in the Southern press, was represented as a turning point in Anglo-American relations. Draws on many different areas of historical inquiry: the nature of the colonial press and its influence on the coming Revolution; the British leaders who made public policy during that time; and the ideological context within which the American Revolution developed.2007 0-7734-5304-0
This study offers an original account and analysis of the political fortunes of the Harding Administration at its mid-point, and of the public verdict upon the perceived record of the so-called “Do Nothing” Sixty-seventh Congress. This work reveals much about the political culture of the early 1920s, and the extent to which it reflected the many economic, social and cultural changes of the decade. It fills a surprising gap in the political history of the 1920s and paves the way for a proper understanding of the 1924 presidential election in which so many of the issues and personalities resurfaced.2003 0-7734-6657-6
Using 16 personal interviews, government documents from Germany and the US, the author explores the experience of American POWs who were held in German concentration, death and slave labor camps. The work provides detailed accounts that document the presence of American POWs in these camps, and explores the reasons why the US government systematically suppressed information about them. It affirms that German policy was to kill as many prisoners as possible from all the allied nations, and systematically legalized its actions. It shows that the murder of POWs in death and concentration camps was not a matter of isolated incidents or random acts, but a planned policy. Other allied nations accepted the reports of their returning troops, but the US government denied the facts and covered them up.2001 0-7734-7424-2
This study applies the most recently released government documents from Russian and Chinese archives and updated English scholarship to the analysis of both US and Chinese diplomatic activities.1998 0-7734-2245-52006 0-7734-5754-2
This book analyzes the role black leaders in Philadelphia played in addressing problems caused by the Great Depression. The historical significance of Philadelphia as a refuge from slavery, the unique relationship between blacks and whites, and the creativity and penchant for leadership displayed by Philadelphians, made the “Quaker City” an excellent backdrop for study. Since colonial times, black Philadelphians established the standards and norms of leadership emulated by African Americans of prominence. While Philadelphia serves as the primary locale of the study, the roles played by African American leaders residing in cities throughout the United States also received attention. Chapters on the economic crisis as it related to housing, politics, education, the local NAACP, and black institutional life offer insight in to the problems and problem-solving expertise of sable spokespersons in Philadelphia. Class versus racial issues provided an ancillary theme of the book. Black leaders had to decide whether the dedication toward racial amelioration exceeded concerns harbored by the black bourgeoisie. Indeed, the motives of contemporary black spokespersons may be gleaned from the actions and decisions made by Philadelphia’s black leadership during the depression era. This work should appeal to high school and college students and anyone interested in history, sociology, and psychology.2004 0-7734-6450-62006 0-7734-5815-8
In 1783, immediately following the Revolutionary War, thousands of American pioneers began to settle the Trans-Appalachian West. Between 1783 and 1787, the Confederation Congress passed numerous laws to govern certain activities. This study of the creation of the first American western policy forms a microcosm through which to view the ongoing course of the American Revolution.1996 0-7734-8894-4
This study traces the activity of an important civil liberties coalition which developed in response to the 1919-1920 Red Scare, a time when national and state governments used the fear of Russian Communism to justify persecution of left-wing organizations, and mass deportation of suspect radical aliens. The threats to freedom of speech and due process of law were so severe that influential people organized a loose but highly effective civil liberties movement to block passage of draconian sedition laws and rescue thousands of innocent aliens from deportation. The book examines the political strategy and follows its networking from the American Civil Liberties Union and Harvard Law School to the United States Department of Labor and federal courts. The historical narrative provides a basis for the development of a theory of opposition to cycles of political repression, the 'libertarian check,' and provides an opportunity to evaluate the strengths and limitations of civil liberties in the United States. No other studies have focused as closely on the multifaceted opposition to political and legal repression during this Red Scare period.2004 0-7734-6412-3
In recent years, the field of comparative study has enjoyed a resurgence of attention as scholars attempt to understand the past in a global context. For scholars interested in early American history, the new emphasis on the connections throughout the Atlantic has been particularly rewarding. This book offers a different approach to the study of the Atlantic World, one that strikes a balance between the ability of a grand thesis to allow broad generalizations and comparisons, and the ability of more focused studies to provide detail. Through this comparative study, the author argues that the English participants in first contact attempted to assert their control over the natives of region by placing them into categories that were both recognizable and inferior, using ideas of class and gender hierarchies. The native peoples were not quick to give up their sources of power, however, and were often able to assert their own control over the situation. The disjuncture between English literary pretensions to superiority and their actual dependence on native peoples led to increasing friction and ultimately, violence. This study makes important contributions to the study of race, class, and gender in the Atlantic World on the eve of colonization.2002 0-7734-7192-8
This volume describes the situation in the Territory of Hawaii in its post WWII years. It is an accounting of the roles of the Department of Justice, Congress, and Hawaii’s Big Five sugar companies in claiming that Communists were seeking control of the Hawaiian islands, in response to the post-war growth of the International Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen Unions. Melendy is the first historian to use Department of Justice and FBI documents as well as to research papers of various Congressmen. These sources throw new light on the search for Communists in the Territory.2005 0-7734-6282-1
Many rural communities in South Carolina share a place in World War II history that has largely been forgotten. From 1943 to 1946, towns such as Aiken, Florence, Camden, Spartanburg, and York were enthusiastic hosts for a special group of laborers: German prisoners of war. These prisoners from the North African, Sicilian, and European campaigns filled needed jobs, mostly in agriculture, all across the nation. In South Carolina, prison camps were established in rural areas where labor was needed in agriculture, the lumber industry, and a few manufacturing jobs. Prisoner labor was also used on military bases to free civilian and army personnel for front-line duty.
By the end of W.W.II, over 425,000 German, Italian, and Japanese prisoners were interned in prisoner of war camps in the United States. In South Carolina, the War Department established more than twenty camps in seventeen counties housing 8,000 to 11,000 German prisoners. These prisoners provided much needed labor in agricultural communities and were often the only direct connection with the "enemy" experienced on the home front.
This book explores the general policies of the United States toward captured prisoners of war and to analyze their implementation in South Carolina from the perspectives of the American officials, the German prisoners, and the communities that housed the camps. This book examines the history of prisoners of war in South Carolina, focusing on life behind the wire, the labor performed by POWs, and the impact of this labor in South Carolina, the adherence to the Geneva Convention, attitudes that influenced policies for the treatment of prisoners, local reaction to the POWs and their labor, as well as the prisoners' impressions of the conditions in which they were held.2002 0-7734-7142-1
Father Francisco Xavier Clavijero, S.J., was born in 1731 in Veracruz. He was one of the leading teaching members of the Jesuit Society in New Spain. He occupied the chair of Philosophy in the Colegio de Guadalajera when the decree of the expulsion of members of the Society led to his exile to Italy. In Europe he met with ignorance of the past and present Mexico, and so created his masterpiece, the Historia. Clavijero was a theologian, philosopher, geographer, physicist, and ethnographer.
This translation consists of the original Author’s Preface, some additional notes to Book I, and a total of four books. Book I presents a summary of the natural history and the condition of its inhabitants. Book II lists the various expeditions undertaken with a view to exploitation and exploration starting with Cortés and concluding with Admiral Atondo’s voyage in 1683. The author then begins with the founding of earliest Jesuit missions, and introduces the great initiators, Fathers Kino, Salvatierra, Píoccolo, and Juan de Ugarte. Book III reports the successive establishment of missions, the contact with the natives, the success and/or failure of the apostolic effort, famine, local resistance, etc. Book IV describes the extension of the missionary effort in the north of the peninsula and beyond and the charting of the coasts. It gives details of the fourteen mission stations in existence at the time of the departure of the Jesuits in 1768. The Appendix to Book I consists of two parts: the first demonstrates the idiomatical difficulties presented by the language of the Cochimí nation; the second part is made up a research into the source of the venom of the rattlesnake, the mechanics of the serpent’s bite and possible cures.2013 0-7734-4483-1
A timely and authoritative text by an important scholar of African American Studies that gives a comprehensive and accessible account of the role of African Americans in the U.S. military history from the American Revolution to the Korean War.
A clear-eyed account of the blatant injustice and horrendous societal waste documented with painstaking research and ethical resolve to show the indomitable will and intent on the part of countless African Americans to uphold and protect a nation committed, at least on paper, to universal human rights.2005 0-7734-6017-9
This work is a scholarly analysis of the evolution of the modern American peace movement. It contains the writings of some of the foremost scholars in the field. Among the contributors are the late Pulitzer Prize-winning historian, Merle Curti, as well as prize-winners Charles Chatfield and Lawrence S. Wittner. This volume is arranged chronologically, and offers fresh perspectives on how the peace movement shed its pre-World War I elitism while, at the same time, transforming itself from one of opposing war to one of proclaiming the need for social, political, and economic justice. The tragedies of World War I represent a major turning point in the movement's history. The essays selected detail the changes which took place within the movement to the advent of the 21st century. Included in this anthology are scholarly discussions about the influence of liberal pacifism, the evolution from nonviolent passive nonresistance to direct action, and efforts to build a safe world through crusades against racism, gender inequality, and environmental awareness. The work also contains an historiographical essay by the editor detailing the large body of literature that now exists on peace history in American society. The purpose of this work is to highlight how the study of peace history has captured the attention of those studying various aspects of American military, diplomatic, and social history. Indeed, peace movement activism in the last half of the twentieth century may very well represent the greatest social movement of our times.2006 0-7734-5725-9
After the Civil War, the southern states experienced a decline in the labor force, particularly those needed to work the fields. Consequently, the South gathered together to recruit immigrants, both foreign as well as domestic. This book examines these efforts, focusing on major southern immigration conventions and their objectives and accomplishments.
During the last years of the 1860s, the individual southern states were occupied publishing descriptive handbooks expounding the reasons to relocate to their state. In 1876, 14 states gathered at a convention in New Orleans to address the issue of immigration. In 1883, the Southern Immigration Association of America was formed under the leadership of A.J. McWhirter. The following year, this organization held a three-day convention in Nashville. In 1888, the Southern Interstate Immigration Association held the first of at least three conventions in the town of Montgomery, followed in 1890 at Asheville and again in 1894 at Augusta.
Included in this book are proceedings of the Southern Immigration Association Convention and the first convention of the Southern Interstate Immigration Association. Newspaper coverage of these major conventions and other smaller conventions is included. As the southern railroads played a major part in immigration efforts, this book also includes information on their role and activities in encouraging immigrants to relocate to southern states. In the concluding chapter, state-by-state charts analyze the state population statistics from 1870 to 1900.2002 0-7734-7038-7
This study traces the collaboration of Secretary of State James F. Byrnes of South Carolina and General Lucius D. Clay of Georgia, Military Governor of the US Occupation Zone, in turning American policy in Germany after WWII away from a ‘peace of vengeance’ toward a more positive, reconstructionist direction. It also describes the success of German efforts to influence American policy through Clay. It concludes by examining Byrnes’s 1946 Stuttgart speech, much of which derived from a Clay cable to Washington. This vital speech is interpreted as a statement primarily directed to the Germans in the context of General Clay’s push for the establishment of a prototype German government and Byrnes’s concern over the lack of Soviet and French cooperation toward this end. This work will appeal to scholars interested in the Cold War, US diplomatic history, recent German history, and Southern history.1993 0-7734-9309-3
An examination of the relationship between the lives and thought of Cassius M. Clay and Rev. John G. Fee, Kentucky's most famous and controversial antislavery leaders. It provides the most thorough treatment yet written of Fee's thinking in relation to his background and experiences, and by far the most complete estimation of influences on his religious convictions. It presents a detailed account of virtually all the abolitionists active in Kentucky from 1854-1864, including leaders and followers, both out of state and indigenous. Includes a complete narrative of the founding of Berea, KY as an abolitionist colony, and information about the first, abortive establishment of what is now Berea College. Relates the events after John Brown's Harpers Ferry raid when all the KY abolitionists were forced into exile by vigilante mobs. Follows Fee and others up to the point of his return to the mission field in Kentucky in 1864.2010 0-7734-3705-0
This edition of the chronicles written about Menéndez de Avilés, his explorations,
settlement and governorship of La Florida is the first annotated publication of the
expeditions' chronicles available to an English audience. These documents offer both
primary source data as well as contextual information concerning Spanish colonial history and culture. Many of the documents underscore differences between the conquest of La Florida and of Mexico and Peru while stressing imperial power struggles and the important role of fashioning the image of a conquistador.1989 0-88946-031-0
Capsule biographies and illustrations from the "golden age of American military portraiture" place the lives of a remarkable generation of military officers in proper historical perspective.2009 0-7734-4812-8
This book examines the experiences and social conflicts facing Muslim Americans in the aftermath of September 11, 2001, providing insight on how the highly politicized and tense atmosphere which followed the events of 9/11 impacted the relationship between law enforcement agencies and Muslim American communities. This work also provides several polyvalent themes for improving domestic counterterrorism strategies, including the need for law enforcement agencies to make a concerted effort to educate themselves on the basic tenets of Islam, along with its diverse customs and culture; to establish an open and honest active dialogue with Muslim community members; and to create and sustain a relationship with the Muslim American community based on the foundational concepts of mutual participation, respect, dignity, honor, and social justice.
This work establishes the intent and application of the Ninth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Its traces the amendment’s historic origins to the Federalist—Anti-Federalist debates. It links the provenance of the Ninth Amendment back to the state constitutions, bills of rights and positive laws of the Constitution’s Framing period. It discusses James Madison’s introduction of the Bill of Rights during the first Congress. It reviews each recommendatory amendment submitted by the states during the ratification process along with each state constitution and bill of rights contemporaneous with the Framing. It examines each Supreme Court decision referencing the Ninth Amendment. It also summarizes main Ninth Amendment theories described in the literature.
The author presents a case for finding Ninth Amendment unenumerated rights within the positive law of the framing period as expressed in the state bills of rights and constitutions and within the penumbras formed by specifically enumerated rights.1989 0-88946-682-31989 0-88946-683-11989 0-88946-683-1
Examines certain ethicists' commitment to solving the problems of slavery and racism by shipping the American-born black population back to Africa2001 0-7734-7553-2
This is a prosopography of five non-mainstream intellectuals who attempted to re-shape the way Latin America was perceived by the United States during the first six decades of the 20th century. The works of the alternative intellectuals are an important component of the literature, but much of their work has been relegated to obscurity because they were educated generalists who crossed disciplinary boundaries and disciplines. They anticipated the scholarship of the 1960s-70s in which questions arose about Latin American dependency and revolutionary nationalism, and wrote about the more subtle forms of imperialism – indirect control through economic means – long before most American scholars of Latin America followed suit. Individuals examined are Herschel Brickell, Samuel Guy Inman, Carleton Beals, Waldo Frank, and Frank Tannenbaum.2004 0-7734-6266-X
This book describes and eva1uates the turn-of-the-century foray by the U.S. into imperialism. It describes our conflict with Spain. over the sinking of the battleship USS Maine in Cuba followed by our invasion of the island and its seizure. It also describes our seizure of Puerto Rico from Spain. That island today stands as the oldest colony in the world and the author proposes that it is a place with no independence or political rights. The annexation of Hawaii that took place at the same time is also examined as is the seizure of Guam and the invasion and eventual conquest of the Philippines after many years of bloody combat. Finally the book assesses the impact of these imperialistic adventures on US politics at that time and over the years since.1992 0-7734-9508-8
Of particular concern in this study is the transition in values in the late 1800s as manifested in the relations between labor and management. Discusses the context within which the Pullman Strike of 1894 took place, the predominant values to which it was reacting, the activities of Carwardine, and the rationale for his defense of labor when it was extremely unpopular to do so. This book is based upon primary source material, much of which has never before been presented. The book is a valuable contribution to labor, church and U.S. social history, and also sheds light on contemporary American dynamics.1998 0-7734-8354-3
During its existence from 1816 to 1836, the Second Bank of the United States engendered controversy. Chartered to serve as the national government's fiscal agent, this private stock corporation soon came into conflict with those Americans who feared its potential power to undermine their freedom. This study examines the experience of Ohioans with the branch banks of the BUS in Ohio. Using state-level documents and incorporating papers from BUS leadership, this study adds to understanding the complex nature of early 19th century banking.
“The study breaks new ground in two ways. First, with a broad time frame, the book considers Ohio’s banking history from its territorial period to the Civil War; and second, it provides much greater detail on the BUS branches in Ohio. . . . Brown’s use of sources ably suppers her study of the BUS from both the national and local perspective. . . . Based on this rich variety of source material, Brown builds an effective analysis of the tempestuous relationship between the BUS and the state of Ohio.” – The Annals of Iowa2012 0-7734-3051-2
In this book the author depicts the lives of rural farm women who travelled through the countryside singing songs. The choral group has lasted over seventy years and this catalogues through archival material, interviews, and scrapbooks kept by the women themselves, the life of this Depression Era Program. What began in the 1930’s has grown out of obscurity into an inter-state travelling music organization inspiring many offshoots.
It is about the role music can play in someone’s life and the camaraderie and social interaction that come with ensemble participation. It is also about the life experiences that can come through travelling and singing. This book catalogues the lives of choirs who travelled through Indiana farmland during the Great Depression to raise people’s spirits in tough times. Most of the work has been preserved through scrapbooking among the families that were involved. There is also a lengthy discussion of the influential minister Al Stewart who was instrumental in organizing the choruses.2017 1-4955-0549-9
This previously unknown New York City Roman Catholic priest of the early 20th century is introduced to scholars of religion, labor and social justice causes. His work as a pastor in Brooklyn and in Williamsburg is only part of his biography. Fr. Farrell stood up to the social and political issues of his time: anti-Catholic bigotry, labor rights, organized crime and corruption in the New York City government.1993 0-7734-2308-7
This study examines the highlights of annexationism in the 1850s when Cuban Annexationists found strong support from some American groups after the Texas annexation and the Mexican American war. Cuban annexationists and American expansionists both feared social disorder, racial strife, and political and economical instability. The significance of annexation lies in three areas: it represented one step beyond early Creole reformism; it introduced the idea of the acceptability of armed struggle; and finally, it added to a sense of separate Cuban community and identity.2007 0-7734-5449-7
This book offers primary sources needed to examine one of the most significant decades in American history, the 1920s represented a transitional time of social, economic, and cultural change. Wedged between World War I and the Great Depression this crucial decade encompassed postwar disillusionment, religious fundamentalism, the Red Scare, normalcy, the worst presidential scandals prior to Watergate, coal and railroad strikes, the Charleston dance, radios, automobiles, airplanes, stock market frenzies, booming prosperity, heroes and gangsters, the Scopes Trial, disarmament conferences, the Fordney-McCumber Tariff, Republican ascendancy, Prohibition, bootlegging, speakeasies, the flawed Kellogg-Briand Pact, Ku Klux Klan terror, Governor Alfred A. Smith, popular songs, flappers, a new morality, a lost generation, outstanding novelists and playwrights, changes in fashion clothing, Sacco and Vanzetti, McNary-Haugen, Hays Office, Silent Cal, Billy Mitchell, Teapot Dome, Senator Thomas J. Walsh, the Progressive party, Al Capone, sports figures, and “The Jazz Singer,” among others. Here is a wide range of divergent, often controversial, view points. It is reflective of American society in the 1920s and the diversity which shaped the United States.2001 0-7734-7549-4
This volume examines the largely-unknown ‘Polar Bear’ odyssey – the North Russian Expeditionary Forces (made up mostly of soldiers from Michigan) who, along with some other Allied forces, went on fighting in the Russian arctic – supporting the Russian White Army fighting against the Russian Red Army after the war was over. It examines the panic that the Bolshevik Revolution caused in the Allied camp, the pressure that President Wilson received from the British to participate in the intervention, the reaction in Detroit, the local Red Scare, and the aftermath of the soldiers and the political ramifications.2003 0-7734-6601-0
This study is one of the very few books that deals with how the United States changed its foreign policy from one-sided neutrality (i.e. its self-recognition as being neutral) to a policy of becoming an active belligerent as an associate power on the side of the allied powers, France and Great Britain. The study shows that the roots of America’s becoming an international power lie with the Monroe Doctrine and its numerous corollaries, and that politics of overseas possessions had already begun in 1859 with the claiming of the Midway Islands, in 1869 with the purchase of Alaska, continuing with the Spanish-American War, the Panama Canal, and Gunboat Diplomacy. All these developments, up to and including WWI, are discussed in light of the prevailing economic aspects of colonialism, foreign policy, and the framework of British, French, German, and American propaganda. The discussion of the sinking of the Lusitania includes the latest research. The presentation of the Zimmermann Telegram includes a new examination of the original coded copy of the telegram and a new English translation thereof, contrasted against the official translation as found in the Congressional document. The book’s appendices include Woodrow Wilson’s Peace Without Victory and War Message speeches; Senator George Norris’s and Senator Robert M. LaFollette’s anti-war speeches before Congress; and Wilson’s Fourteen Points with counter-arguments of Theodore Roosevelt.2014 0-7734-4356-8
A concise, journalistic overview of Red Summer and its background. This book also includes an introduction and reappraisal by Dr. Thomas Aiello of Robert T. Kerlin’s monumental book. Kerlin’s work, gathering the written articles from the ‘on-the-scene’ Black Journalists who witnessed the racial violence during the long hot summer following the Treaty of Versailles, continues to bring valuable insight to our understanding into the causes of these 1919 race riots..
An outstanding work by activist professor Thomas Kerlin which remains historically relevant and vital, but is a much overlooked work, The Voice of the Negro
, Kerlin’s inspired response in the wake of the Red Summer’s racial violence, was moral, intellectual and practical, drawing his facts from the National Black press and its Journalists who were frontline witnesses to the stunning racial horrors of Red Summer. 2016 1-4955-0499-9
Professor Richard Hall has gathered the 18th-century Edwardsean anti-slavery writings that are presented in this book. Note that John Brown, a white man who sacrificed his life to free black slaves, had read these very documents and they influenced his decision to do what he did.