Liberalismus, Socialismus und Christliche Gesellschaftsordnug/Liberalism, Socialism and Christian Social Order Book 4: The Christian Concept of the State
|Author: ||Ederer, Rupert J.|
In Der christliche Staatsbegriff (1898) Pesch established the foundation for social order, inclusive of economic social order, in the form of a society with the common good rather than the good of a particular individual as its object. He refutes modern socialism. Pesch's focus was on the virtue of justice in the establishment of proper order in society including the state. He explained the traditional aspects of justice: commutative, distributive, general and legal. In his analysis of distributive justice, Pesch suggested that income tax, a function of the state, be levied on a progressive basis as a means of justice and equity.
Mellen Press is honored to publish, in this multi-volume set, the first English translations of the works of Heinrich Pesch, SJ (1854-1926). A Jesuit economist who developed many of the basic economic and social principles (notably the Principle of Solidarism) that emerged from the social encyclicals of the Catholic Church beginning in 1931 with Pope Pius XI and further developed by Pope John Paul II.
Table of Contents
1. Modern Socialism as a Political Party and as a Science
2. Socialism as Liberalism of the Fourth Estate
3. Society as a Requirement of Human Nature
4. The Theory of the Origin of the State and of Political Authority
5. The State and the Individual
6. The State and Society
7. The State and Law
8. Justice as the Principle of Order
9. The Requirements of General Justice
10. Particular Justice and What it Requires
11. The Basic Criteria for Judging Social Problems