Charles G. Finney and the Civil War: How Evangelical Religion Affects American Politics
|Author: ||Newberg, Eric|
This volume proposes the thesis that Charles Grandison Finney (1792-1825) left a legacy of progressive evangelical social engagement. Finney was perhaps the greatest revivalist of antebellum evangelical Protestantism. This monograph examines Finney's emergence as a charismatic revivalist, the conflict over his "new measures" of conducting revivals, the development of his views on social engagement, and the legacy he left for modern evangelicalism.
"... not only documents what happened during these tumultuous months and years surrounding the debates elicited by the Second Great Awakening, but also attempts to trace the trajectory of Finney's legacy vis-a-vis the evangelical movement of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. ... although Newberg's historical argument linking Finney with the latter will have theological and normative appeal only for those on the one side of the present spectrum of disputes for the soul of the evangelical movement, perhaps this book will sustain two important sets of discussions going forward. First, millennial evangelicals and their friends can deepen the spiritual, religious, and theological commitments of their most cherished sociopolitical causes and so do in dialogue with their nineteenth century forebears who ideas, beliefs, and practices are now made available in a fresh way through the book you hold in your hands. On the other side, conservative Protestants who remain attracted to theocratically warranted political endeavors to retain and perpetuate America as a 'Christian nation' can also come to appreciate how such efforts are not necessarily evangelical, at least in the sense of the devotional pietism, religious revivalism, and a vision of social transformation nurtured through the means and methods of the Second Great Awakening and staunchly defended by Finney and his compatriots."
Professor Amos Yong, Fuller Theological Seminary
"Finally, it does not seem that Finney's actual goal was social reform alone, but his work to transform the world centered around his eschatology. His strong desire was to evangelize non-Christians so they could have eternal life, and he sought to enlist the converts to social reform so the world would be made ready for the return of Christ. Thus, the motivation for his emphasis on the benevolence was his eschatology. This thoroughly researched and meticulously documented book characterizes Finney as a benevolent reformer for that era."
Professor Terry Minter, Southwestern Assemblies of God University
Table of Contents
Foreword by Amos Yong
Chapter 1: Introduction
Part One: Civil War in Zion
Chapter 2: Emergence of Finney
Chapter 3: New Measures Controversy
Chapter 4: East versus West
Chapter 5: Showdown at New Lebanon
Part Two: Development of Finney's Views on Social Engagement
Chapter 6: Reforming Church and Society
Chapter 7: Views on Social Engagement
Chapter 8: Assessment of Finney's Legacy
Chapter 9: Finney and Contemporary Evangelical Social Engagement
Chapter 10: Conclusion