A MEDIEVAL ENGLISH-LATIN DICTIONARY: Based on a Set of Unpublished 15th Century Manuscripts, Medulla Grammaticae / Marrow of Grammar Kept in the British Museum

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This examination of the Medulla Grammaticae reveals a synchronic representation of century English language, as it was locally spoken and written in Anglo-Norman England of the London area and its surroundings, in the years 1430-1480. Contrary to classical Latin-English dictionaries, this one reproduces the many free variations in spelling and lexical items, many of which reflect the regional aspect of the language. The author also included in the entries the syntactic and morpho-graphemic notes produced by the monks of the time.


“For scholars, researchers and students in the fields of Humanities and Literature, the dictionary is a precious tool in understanding medieval thought and language. But also, from a linguistic perspective, the dictionary is a corpus on which could be based further analysis by historical linguists.” – Prof. Marie-Claude Leblanc, Université de Sherbrooke

“This dictionary is not only a remarkable linguistic tool, but also the ‘key’ of a whole conceptual ‘space.’ I recommend its use without hesitation: students and specialists will find it a reliable reading guide for all that relates to medieval thought.” – Prof. Marc Imbeault, Royal Military College of Canada

“A work that deals with both the evolution of a language and the process of learning about that language will induce any self-respecting historian to think deeply about these issues.” – Dr. Serge Bernier, Director, History and Heritage, National Defence, Canada

Table of Contents

Foreword by Marie-Claude Leblanc
Part I: Did you know that for the last 1600 years or so, the English language has been in constant evolution?
1. Starting around the year 400 AD
2. Between approximately the years 600 and 1000
3. Between approximately the years 1000 and 1500
4. The evolution after the years 1500
Part II: Did you know that England had a “Renaissance” as early as the 12th century?
1. Education in Europe
2. Which works did the monks copy?
3. The Making of Glosses
4. Popularity of Glossaries
5. Description of the Text of the Medulla manuscripts
Part III A.: What should you expect to find in the presentdictionary?
1. Definitions
2. Nouns
3. Pronouns
4. Adjectives
5. Adverbs
6. Coordination
7. Subordination
8. Verbs
9. Infinitives
10. Participles
11. Inchoative aspect
Part III B.: What kind of written forms should you expect to find?
1. The vowels
2. The consonants
3. The word order
What you should know before using this dictionary The Dictionary: from A to Z (including ‘‘and ‘s’)

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