Dr. Vladimir Nikiforov is Roman Catholic Chaplain and Visiting Lecturer in Ethics at Royal Holloway University of London. He received his Ph.D. in Philosophy at the University of London. He has published on cultural history and religious studies.2006 0-7734-5594-9
This monograph can be called a forensic study of the lethal effects of the First World War on the European cultural tradition. Philosophy was considered as the foundation of that tradition. The monograph describes this metamorphosis taking as the case study of the problem of the individual, this “nucleus of genuinely German thought” (Troeltsch). The monograph contains a critical analysis of the problem of the individual as it was treated in the 1900s by the pure phenomenology of Edmund Husserl and the transcendental axiology of Heinrich Rickert. Mikhail Bakhtin creates a new approach to the problem of the individual bringing together and transforming the ideas of Marx and Stirner, Lotze and Nietzsche, Simmel and Windelband, William James and Max Weber. The present study may be the first step to demonstrate the potential of Bakhtin’s early work which remains largely undiscovered.