Dr. Angel L. Estévez is an Assistant Professor at The City College, City University of New York. He obtained his Ph.D. from The Graduate Center, CUNY. Professor Estévez has taught at Lehman College, CUNY and Fordham University. His area of study is Latin American and Caribbean Literatures.
2005 0-7734-6071-3 In this study, the author suggests that the fantastic Dominican short story of the twentieth century does not fit into the model of the traditional fantastic. He explains the differences between the Marvelous Real and Magic Realism, and how the Fantastic differs from both of these modes of writing. His theoretical approach is principally based on the works of Tzvetan Todorov, Amaryll Beatrice Chanady, Rosemary Jackson, and Jaime Alazraki. The main analysis includes the works of four Dominican writers: Juan Bosch, Virgilio Díaz Grullón, José Alcántara Almánzar, and Diógenes Valdez. The analysis of fourteen short stories by these authors reveals that, in fact, the fantastic modality practiced today in the Dominican Republic, and elsewhere in Spanish America, does not fit into the model of conventional fantastic short story writing. The author’s analysis centers upon the intention with which these authors have written their stories and argues that the modern Dominican fantastic is no longer used to terrify the reader - hence its distinctiveness - but rather the fantastic is used as a vehicle to express the writers’ concern about the social, psychological, and political issues of their time.