La Modalidad FantÁstica En El Cuento Dominicano Del Siglo XX

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In this study, the author suggests that the fantastic Dominican short story of the twentieth century does not fit into the model of the traditional fantastic. He explains the differences between the Marvelous Real and Magic Realism, and how the Fantastic differs from both of these modes of writing. His theoretical approach is principally based on the works of Tzvetan Todorov, Amaryll Beatrice Chanady, Rosemary Jackson, and Jaime Alazraki. The main analysis includes the works of four Dominican writers: Juan Bosch, Virgilio Díaz Grullón, José Alcántara Almánzar, and Diógenes Valdez. The analysis of fourteen short stories by these authors reveals that, in fact, the fantastic modality practiced today in the Dominican Republic, and elsewhere in Spanish America, does not fit into the model of conventional fantastic short story writing. The author’s analysis centers upon the intention with which these authors have written their stories and argues that the modern Dominican fantastic is no longer used to terrify the reader - hence its distinctiveness - but rather the fantastic is used as a vehicle to express the writers’ concern about the social, psychological, and political issues of their time.


“Two features stand out among the various important qualities in this skillfully executed study: the in-depth analysis of a portion of the literary production of four major Dominican writers and the identification of some distinguishing characteristics that place the texts under scrutiny firmly within the tradition of fantastic short fiction. The author outlines the precarious condition of Dominican letters in the international literary market and chronicles the historical development of the fantastic in modern Latin American fiction by pinpointing its distinctiveness with respect to Magical Realism and the Marvelous Real. To locate the patterns of signification of the four fiction writers selected, Dr. Estévez draws largely from conceptual paradigms based on the ideas put forward by Tzvetan Todorov, Amaryll Beatrice Chanady, Jaime Alazraki, Rosemary Jackson, and other significant scholars who have paid special attention to fantastic literature. It is, indeed, a significant contribution to the literary discipline, with valuable teachings about the fine points of fantastic literature, the nature of literary genres, and the challenges of historiography versus the unequal relationship between societies with huge publishing industries and those where the book has not yet reached the rank of highly coveted consumer product.” Professor Silvio Torres-Saillant, Syracuse University

“This study is an excellent analysis of the use of the fantastic in the twentieth century Dominican short story ... This work is an important contribution to the literary history of the Dominican Republic as well as to the study of the genre of the fantastic in Spanish narrative. In clear and well-written prose, Estévez demonstrates the existence of the fantastic mode in Dominican short story and proceeds to analyze its trajectory in the twentieth century Dominican short story.” – Professor Marlene Gottlieb, Lehman College and CUNY Graduate School

“ ... Thiswork filled a gap that existed in the young field of Dominican Studies ... This had not been done before, to my knowledge. His study is based on solid research, an excellent application of the theories on the fantastic, and an extensive knowledge of representative authors and works ... This study will be greatly appreciated by scholars interested, not only in the literature of the Dominican Republic, but also in that of the Caribbean region and on the larger field of Latin American literature.” – Professor Malva E. Filer, Brooklyn College and the Graduate School and University Center, The City University of New York

Table of Contents

1. Consideraciones sobre las teorías de lo fantástico y el Realismo Mágico
2. Juan Bosch: fantasía y folclore en el cuento dominicano
3. Virgilio Díaz Grullón
4. José Alcántara Almánzar: Lo fantástico como subversión del orden establecido 4.1 Metamorfosis como vehículo de emancipación y liberación
5. Diógenes Valdez y la práctica de una ‘literaturización fantástica’
5.1 “Biografía de un hombre desde un sexto piso”: Lo lúdico y lo
6. Conclusiones
Bibliografía de autores estudiados
Bibliografía general
Índice alfabético de materias

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