Subject Area: Scripture- Old Testament Study

An Examination of Kingship and Messianic Expectation in Isaiah 1-35
1992 0-7734-2354-0
This study has two major purposes: to determine a proper method for examining a concept like messianic expectation, and to examine how the concept of relecture or rereading has been helpful in the development of messianic expectation in the book of Isaiah. This examination not only provides some very important insights into how the book of Isaiah has been used to engender messianic expectation, but will also form the basis for the study of other books.

An Inner Biblical Exegetical Study of the Davidic Covenant and the Dynastic Oracle
2000 0-7734-7743-8
The Davidic covenant is one of the most controversial theological themes in the Old Testament. Its problems concern the literary and theological relationships among the texts that express it, especially with regard to its conditionality, continuity, and relationship to the Sinaitic covenant. This study uses an inner-biblical exegetical approach to arrive at a solution. It reveals that to maintain the continuity of the Davidic covenant tradition, the theologians and ideologists of Old Testament times reinterpreted and applied to it their respective new and challenging circumstances, by adding glosses to the original dynastic oracle, by rephrasing it, by quoting sections of it, or by merely alluding to it with a certain understanding of it in mind. It is this contextual re-interpretation and reuse that accounts for the apparent inconsistencies and contradictions.

Commentary on the Book of Genesis
1990 0-88946-090-6
Influenced by memories of conversations with Leo Strauss. The Book of Genesis is shown to be an introduction to a grand failure of a people beginning as slaves in Egypt and ending as slaves in Babylon. An artful and well-constructed account, Genesis is viewed as intending to reveal the deepest causes of failure to those who were about to begin all over again.

Comparative study of the Ritual of Ordination as found in Leviticus 8 and Emar 369.
1998 0-7734-2241-2
This is a major study on the meaning and interpretation of the ordination ritual as found in Leviticus compared with the recently published Akkadian text from Emar describing the ordination ritual.

Contribution of the speeches of Elihu to the argument about suffering in the Book of Job.
2009 0-7734-4799-7
This study contends that Elihu and his speeches are an original part of the text of the Book of Job and do play a significant interpretive, explanatory and theological role.

Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Ecclesiastes
2016 1-4955-0429-8
This is a comprehensive study of Ecclesiastes in commentary form that explores all aspects of the book and its interpretations, ancient and modern. It explores Ecclesiastes in the light of contemporary Judeo-Christian historical, theological, and biblical scholarship, with special attention to the role of Ecclesiastes among the Megilloth, the Five (biblical) Scrolls liturgically read at five important festivals in the Jewish community.

Critical Appraisal of the Origin and Nature of the Institution of the Monarchy in Israel in the Light of Eric Voegelin’s Theory of Symbolic Forms
2003 0-7734-6682-7
This interdisciplinary study uses Voegelin’s ‘Theory of Symbolic Forms’ as a framework from which to study the development of the monarchy in Israel in its move from compactness to differentiation. The study offers an explanation of the contradictions that the ambivalence of the monarchy presents. Old Testament scholars to date have ignored or not given due attention to Voegelin’s Theory of Symbolic Forms. That is unfortunate, because by going beyond the philological preoccupations of Scripture scholars, Voegelin goes right to the heart of the ‘meaning’ of the texts. Voegelin connects the Old Testament symbolism to human experience and shows that it is still relevant to the contemporary world. This study is in keeping with the recent contemporary shift from historical criticism to narrative criticism in Biblical studies and its application to the biblical domain provides a new method and approach that should be of benefit not only to philosophers and biblical exegetes, but also to theologians, historians, political scientists and scholars of ancient civilizations.

Discourse analysis of Hebrew prophetic literature. Determining the larger textual units of Hosea and Joel
1995 0-7734-2371-0
This monograph develops the discourse analysis techniques outlined in the author's previous work Comparative Discourse Analysis and the Translation of Psalm 22 in Chichewa. The specific focus of this work is upon the analysis of larger (strophic/stanzaic) units for which a detailed methodology is set forth with specific application to the oracles of Hosea and Joel. The analysis also explores the functional dynamics of prophetic discourse as manifested by its structural organization. Special studies of irony (Hosea) and recursion (Joel) are included as a means of more fully exploring the rhetorical features of these divine messages, which are of continuing relevance to God's people today. The study concludes with a series of practical remarks directed particularly to those engaged in Bible translation in languages throughout the world.

Diverse Water Symbols in the Psalms- Seas, Rivers, Streams, Wadis, Rain, Hail, Dew, Tears
2017 1-4955-0526-X
Different forms of water play a major role in creation, nature, historical events, and spiritual similes and metaphors concerning Yahweh, human beings, and religious concepts. This study is an indispensable tool in understanding and determining the meaning of biblical texts that employ these water symbols.

Five Exotic Scrolls of the Hebrew Bible (Scrolls of the Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther). The Prominence, Literary Structure, and Liturgical Significance of the Megilloth
2009 0-7734-4749-0
This work is a comprehensive, advanced introduction to the five books or scrolls in the Hebrew Bible (Song of Solomon; Ruth; Lamentations; Ecciesiastes; Esther) that constitute the Megilloth, a distinctive minor collection within the canon of the Hebrew Bible.

Function of Sacrifice in Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah
1993 0-7734-2362-1
Examines the sacrifical scenes to determine the function of sacrifice in these narratives. Studies both the literary function of the sacrificial scene and the role played by the act of sacrifice within the community presented in the narrative.

Genesis 1-3 in the History of Exegesis. Intrigue in the Garden
1988 0-88946-522-3
A history of the exegesis of Genesis 1-3, discussing Eve, Adam, Eden, Adam's first wife, heresy, asceticism, and related topics. As one contributor notes, "Much of the power of the Genesis myths comes from our conviction that the intrigues of the garden are really over us, that they embody and explain our sexual arrangements in some primordial and primitive way" (Mary Rose D'Angelo). Also introduces the reader to some "alien, strange, comic, and fantastical interpretations of Genesis 1-3" (from the introduction by Gregory Robbins).

Grace and Law in Second Isaiah
1988 0-88946-087-6
Develops the thesis that II Isaiah presented a message that included the themes of both grace and law. Although II Isaiah did not refer explicitly to the covenant at Mount Sinai or invoke its obligations, Isaiah's frequent use of formulas of divine self-predication, such as "I am the Lord," indicated that the close interrelationship of the themes of grace and law was integral to the structure of his thought.

History as Narrative in the Deuteronomistic History and Chronicles
2003 0-7734-6783-1
It has long been recognized that, though they describe the same period of Israel’s history, the Deuteronomistic History and Chronicles do so in quite different ways due to the different theological perspectives and purposes of their respective writers. This is the first systematic comparative study into the theological concerns of each writer as demonstrated through their respective portrayal of the Davidic monarchy. It defines briefly ancient Israelite historiographical methods in relation to both the Ancient Near Eastern context and modern theories concerning the writing of history. The majority of the work then presents a comparative analysis of the portrayal of select Davidic kings. The final chapter offers a description of the overall historiographical methods and theological concerns of both the Deuteronomist and the Chronicler, as well as an evaluation for the relative value of each account for a modern reconstruction of the history of the Davidic monarchy.

Hope for the Restoration of the Davidic Kingdom in the light of the Davidic Covenant in Chronicles
2014 0-7734-4266-9
A fresh investigation of all the texts of the Davidic covenant appearing in the book of Chronicles. The focus of this study is to examine the texts in an effort to understand why the Chronicler’s view emphasized a hope of a postexilic restoration of the Davidic kingdom, rather than being content with the construction of the Temple and the revival of cultic sacrifices. This is an outstanding definitive work on this on-going theologically divisive subject.

Interpretation of the Twelve Minor Prophets of the Hebrew Bible. The Emergence of Eschatology as a Theological Theme
2009 0-7734-4715-6
The Book of Twelve Minor Prophets has been one of the most loved, discussed and influential parts of the Bible. This work fills a gap in the existing scholarship on the history of interpretation of the Book of Twelve Minor Prophets and demonstrates the relevance to this day.

Intertextual Study of the Psalms of Solomon Pseudepigrapha
2001 0-7734-7596-6
This is the first English study of the Psalms of Solomon in over a century. They were composed between 63-37 BCE as a series of reflections on the violence that accompanied the Roman dominance of Palestine. Faced with overwhelming foreign aggression, this unknown Jerusalem synagogue community used poetry as a vehicle to oppose the Romans and their Jewish allies. With the emergence of Herod the Great, this sect changed its theology, and used scripture to fashion a militant Davidic messiah, who was envisaged as a righteous counterpart to the Jewish and Roman rulers he was to destroy.

Intratextural Analysis of the Mirroring Birth Stories of Samson and Samuel. Explaining the Narrative Logic of Literary Montage
2015 1-4955-0399-2
“In this fascinating and scholarly work by Mollo, there is an intellectual weaving of two similar yet different plots, including characters, motifs and wordings and with two distinctive logical conclusions that arguably apply to each other. The aim which is achieved is to reconstruct the literary causes and goals (narrative logic) governing form and content in both accounts, in order to explain how this mirroring effect works to convey meaning to both stories.”
-Dr. Glen Reynolds,
University of Sunderland, UK

Literary Examination of the Function of Satire in the Mispat Hammelek of I Samuel 8
2007 0-7734-5311-3
This study is a literary examination of the Israelite request for kingship in 1 Samuel 8 with satire in view as its genre. Through a close reading of the passage this work contends that both Yahweh's and Samuel's speeches combine in the form a judgment speech to the nation of Israel. The greater unit of 1 Samuel 8-12 also shows a satiric dialectic that is subtly anti-Saul but not anti-monarchy. This study argues that 1 Samuel 8 is religio-political satire seeking to reform both the deviation from the covenantal norm of Yahweh's kingship and the deviation from the deuteronomic standard of Yahweh-initiated (i.e., prophet anointed) kingship.

Metaphorical Narratives in the Book of Ezekiel
2006 0-7734-5867-0
This book examines eleven passages in the book of the prophet Ezekiel that can be understood as metaphorical narratives. When the metaphorical narratives are examined in the order as presented within this book, consideration can be given not only to the metaphor itself, but also to the types of metaphors that Ezekiel used.

Motif of Generational Change in the Old Testament. A Literary and Lexicological Study
2016 1-4955-0441-7
This pioneering study opens the way for new developments in the field of biblical history writing – e.g. the study of the formation process of this and others through patterns and literary tòpoi within biblical narrative. The contribution this book makes is the investigation of the DOR and the theme of generational change as narrative tools playing an important role in biblical history writing.

Nations in Deutero-Isaiah. A Study on Composition and Structure
1986 0-88946-086-8
A study of Deutero-Isaiah's controversial attitude toward the nations: some find a theology of mission in Isaiah 40-55, while others claim that the prophet was an extreme nationalist. Discusses the place of the nations in Deutero-Isaiah from four perspectives using an eclectic blend of rhetorical and form criticism called compositional analysis.

Old Testament Canon in the Old Testament Church. The Internal Rationale for Old Testament Canonicity
1990 0-88946-084-1

Oracles Against Babylon in Jeremiah 50-51
1992 0-7734-9821-4
Historically, the study of 50-51 has focused on two questions: was this the authentic word of Jeremiah? & what was the structure? Given the advances in the understanding of Hebrew poetry, the growth of the biblical text, the language of prophetic speech, and the history of the exile, these chapters are ripe for renewed study. Investigates Jeremiah 50-51 in four parts: poetry and structure; text and tradition; forms and images; and related anti-Babylonian traditions.

Psalms of Lamentation and the Enigma of Suffering
1996 0-7734-2416-4
This study investigates the psalms of lamentation in order to determine what contributions they provide toward the understanding of suffering. Three areas were selected for investigation: the reasons for suffering, the reactions to suffering, and resolutions to suffering. The psalms of lamentation address the issue of suffering more clearly than any portions of the Old Testament. Identification is the key - as we identify with the authors of the psalms, and the reasons they suffered, how they reacted to pain, and how they resolved their pain, then we can understand better our suffering.

Psychoanalytic Interpretation of the Story of Joseph, the Son of Jacob. A Study in Comparative Culture, Ethics, and Spirituality
2015 1-4955-0385-2
This is a new and different psychoanalytic interpretation of the Old Testament Joseph Story which examines different cultural perspectives including the Christian, Hebraic and Qur’anic versions of this familiar religious story.

Revisionist Reading of the Esau-Jacob Stories in Genesis 25-36. Understanding Esau in a Positive Light
2011 0-7734-3670-7
Traditional interpretations of Esau in Jewish and early Christian literature have provided a negative portrayal of Esau and contemporary Genesis commentators tend to interpret Esau as cruel, stupid, and impulsive, having no concern for the family tradition or the future legacy. The present book revisits these negative perceptions of Esau and rereads the texts according to the sequence of the Jacob-Esau narrative.

Sacrificial Rhetoric in the Prophetic Literature of the Hebrew Bible
2012 0-7734-2915-8
It addresses a problem that has created much scholarly controversy, namely the different attitudes in the prophetic literature of the Hebrew Bible towards the sacrificial cult. This somewhat controversy is the subject of debate because the interpretation of sacrificial rituals is still disputed. Even more disputed is the literature of its criticism in prophetic literature. It has been suggested that the prophetic “No!” to sacrifices that can be heard in some passages of the Hebrew Bible was not meant in an absolute sense. This book discusses the nuances of how to interpret the prophetic tendencies towards sacrifices, which were different at different times in history. At many points in the Bible a prophecy is made regarding sacrifices. The conclusion drawn by the author might be startling. Concluding that sacrifice was of central importance in the life of Israel and Judah, even to the prophets, the case is made that sacrifice was an integral part of the Hebrew Bible.

Simile and Prophetic Language in the Old Testament
1996 0-7734-2413-X
Using Homeric and Miltonic studies as a model, this study provides a literary analysis of the many similes occurring in the prophetic literature of ancient Israel. In addition to examining the various grammatical ways that similes are expressed in Hebrew, the book addresses the literary forms in which similes appear, the sources from which prophetic images emerge, the structure of similes within the prophetic literature, and the function of similes in context. Something of a strange topic for scholarship.

Structure and Composition of Jeremiah 50:2 - 51:58
1995 0-7734-2353-2
Using rhetorical, textual, form, and redaction criticism, six individual poems can be discerned in Jeremiah 50-51, each with its own distinctive structure, theme, and image patterns. The delimination of the six poems leads to a significant number of exegetical gains and makes better sense of these chapters in their parts and as a whole. Although the material in Jeremiah 50-51 has often received negative assessments from scholars, the poetry when carefully analyzed no longer seems disjointed or overly repetitious. The poetry has received scant scholarly attention, perhaps because of the vengefulness that characterizes it. In addition, within this material the popular theologies of the time are challenged and the sovereignty of God is emphatically affirmed.

Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs. Structure, Source, and Composition
2013 0-7734-4480-7
This book is an investigation of the pseudepigraphical Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (TPatr) as a complete literary product. TPatr is examined with the underlying hypothesis that such an analysis will provide a key to enhance our understanding of the document’s inner logic and composition, as well as of the writer’s adaptation of sources.

Two Thousand Year History of the Influence of Song of Songs on Religion, Literature, Music, and Art
2011 0-7734-3810-6
This work presents the wide range of influence of the ‘Song of Songs’ on world culture. It demonstrates the long history of confrontation of the immense number of allegorical interpretations with secular (literal) commentaries. This book contains twenty-four black and white photographs and twelve color photographs.

Wisdom and Law in the Reign of Solomon
1993 0-7734-2356-7
This study uses recent literary theory to reconcile apparent contradictions and discrepancies in the narrative concerning Solomon (I Kings 1-11) into an internally coherent statement about wisdom and law. After a brief survey of various historical-critical approaches, it moves to a literary perspective to show literary criticism's convergence and divergence with historical criticism. It outlines an appropriate methodology to begin a holistic study. It examines the deep structure, and drawing upon the structural analysis, pulls together the themes embedded in the narrative, especially Solomon's volatile relationship to wisdom and torah.

Wisdom Books of the Bible: Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes, Ben Sira, Wisdom of Solomon
2012 0-7734-2601-9

Yahweh’s Emergence as “Judge” Among the Gods. A Study of the Hebrew Root špt
2007 0-7734-5518-3
This book attempts to answer questions about the meaning of the Hebrew root špt; the status of a šopet; and how Yahweh could be called a šopet. An examination of past research shows that several scholars have argued against assigning špt (or its cognates) the basic meaning “to judge.” Semitic texts (Mari, Ugaritic and Punic) themselves reveal that the root is used in relation to diverse functions of the king’s deputy. In these texts, the superior ruler appointed the tapitu/šapitu to serve in various capacities of administration. Therefore, špt is multifarious; its various meanings are determined by the contexts in which it is used. In the Book of Judges, the šopetim were deputies of Yahweh. They governed or delivered the Israelites from their enemies by Yahweh’s authority (ruah). If Yahweh was Israel’s king, how could he also be šopet ? A study of Yahweh’s status in relation to the ?'elohim of Israel indicates that Yahweh was, after all, the deputy of the council of the gods.