Subject Area: Jewish Studies
Winner of the 1992 Jewish Book Committee Award in recognition of excellence in literary scholarship.
Studies the Russian-born Canadian-Jewish poet and author of Hitleriad, A. M. Klein. Examines Klein's representations of the post-war humanist crisis. Examines the extent to which Klein's Canadian Jewish identity informs the poet's quest for the ethical restitution of the world at large, and contests the accepted critical view of Klein as a Jewish poet unable to escape the parochialism of the Canadian literary scene. Outlines the poetics of Klein's quest for language and form which would sustain the meaningfulness of art in the face of devastating historical reality.2005 0-7734-6188-4
This work provides the text and translations of three ancient Jewish – Christian dialogues: The Dialogue of Athanasius and Zacchaeus
(Greek, 4th c.); The Dialogue of Simon and Theophilus
(Latin, 5th c.); and The Dialogue of Timothy and Aquila (Greek, 6th c.
. This is the first published translation of each of these texts. An introduction discusses the context of the dialogues in the “Contra Judaeos” literature of the early Church and also explores the question of whether or not they represent any actual discussion between Jews and Christians, and also what purposes these dialogues served. Careful attention has been paid to the dialogues’ use of the Bible, especially the Old Testament, in furthering the discussion about the Messiah. To this end, a Comprehensive Spiritual Index encourages greater comparative study of these dialogues. It is the translator’s purpose to expose these works, which have been the concern of a small circle of focused scholars, to a wider scholarly audience and to encourage greater study of them and their role in the history of Jewish-Christian relations.1989 0-88946-553-3
A study of Sholom Aleichem's use of literary techniques and the ways in which his changing attitudes toward Eastern European shtetl life influenced them. Also examines how the reader's response to fiction is controlled by the writer's design for the work.2008 0-7734-5072-6
This anthology presents fifty-five works that characterize Jewish barbers, describe Jews who encounter barbers, and identify Jewish authors who write about barbers and barbershops.2003 0-7734-6711-4
This study offers a new reading of Fuentes’s major novel by focusing on the function of Jewish mysticism in the text. Organized around the linguistic and textual philosophy/theosophy of the Kabbalah, it argues that the fundamental project of Terra nostra is a literary re-construction of the cultural development of Hispanic America. The monograph breaks new ground through the thorough analysis of the novel’s strategy of textual re-creation. In the Kabbalah, due to the supposed intimate connection between divine language and the physical reality of every aspect of the universe, the re-reading and re-writing of biblical texts is carried out in order to reshape and ultimately redeem the world. Fuentes adopts this notion of creative textuality as the driving force behind his own novelistic re-creation of Hispanic America. The monograph systematically considers the role of the Kabbalah in relation to language, visual art, time and textuality. The study also considers the connections between Fuentes’s novel and the work of immediate precursors such as Jorge Luis Borges, Alejo Carpentier, and Franz Kafka. It also advances the understanding of the novel’s engagement with the great works of early Spanish literature such as Rojas’s La Celestina and Cervantes’s Don Quijote.2012 0-7734-2932-8
The book describes the role way some Catholic Bishops attempted to resist the Nazi extermination of the Jews and other populations during the Holocaust. It shows that many Catholic Bishops throughout Europe risked life and limb sheltering Jews and other victims. While other scholars forward different opinions on the matter, Lapomarda’s analysis of Pope Pius XII uses factual evidence to show the Pope acted against the Nazis' treatment of the Jews, and facilitated massive movements against the final solution.2011 0-7734-2531-4
This is a reflection on the teachings of Abraham Joshua Heschel, a teacher to an entire generation of rabbis. Breslauer looks at Heschel as an “ethical scholar,” a teacher of both Jewish and non-Jewish traditions, and a Jewish Kabbalah mystic. The book addresses Heschel’s concern that a spiritual crisis existed for all religions. In particular, Breslauer’s examination of Heschel’s development of the “depth-theology” concept to address the spiritual crisis is the central focus of this book. Breslauer draws attention to Hesechel’s use of Jewish tradition and his understanding of God, not as a physical being, but rather as a form of human emotions, to inspire a type of charismatic spirituality which all people can share as an answer to the divine pathos. By looking at the teachings of Heschel, Breslauer offers to the reader a sense of social and personal responsibility to guide them while they have their brief moment on earth.2009 0-7734-4851-9
This interdisciplinary scholarship correlates Hebrew Poetry and Jewish Mysticism to forge new pathways in Jewish Thinking. Contemporary Israeli poetry serves as the site for debating the relation between public trauma and private experience. These Anmerkungen
or afterwords explore how Hebrew poetry has carried forward from collective catastrophe to rewrite and rebirth the individual experience after the Shoah
Modern Jewish studies is a vast discipline with many inter-related discursive fields. Griffith's magisterial Critical Bibliography of Writings on Judaism creates a framework of relevance that can help students and scholars recognize major problems and disputations and gain appreciation for current advances in methodology and knowledge. It functions as a conceptual map that identifies areas thoroughly and highlights controversial issues that invite further research. The majority of the entries are in English, but works in Modern Hebrew, Yiddish, French, and German are included as necessary, and also as guides for advanced study. Until the advent of this work there was no comprehensive critical Judaica bibliography of use to both generalized and specialized interests. "This work answers that need." - Shofar1989 0-88946-257-7
Modern Jewish studies is a vast discipline with many inter-related discursive fields. Griffith's magisterial Critical Bibliography of Writings on Judaism creates a framework of relevance that can help students and scholars recognize major problems and disputations and gain appreciation for current advances in methodology and knowledge. It functions as a conceptual map that identifies areas thoroughly and highlights controversial issues that invite further research. The majority of the entries are in English, but works in Modern Hebrew, Yiddish, French, and German are included as necessary, and also as guides for advanced study. Until the advent of this work there was no comprehensive critical Judaica bibliography of use to both generalized and specialized interests. "This work answers that need." - Shofar2010 0-7734-1375-8
This translation of Anfitrião, ou Júpiter e Alcmena
by Antônio José da Silva makes this remarkable play on the exploits of Jupiter and the conception of Hercules available in English for the first time. The play is of considerable interest in literary history as part of a long tradition of stage works on the Amphitryon theme.1993 0-7734-9600-9
"Religious and political systems have been designed to curb, crush, and simply eliminate the Jews; some of theses systems almost succeeded; some of them resonate today. My poems are about this `theatricality', the horror and the buffoonery of this madness. My poems are also about personal fears that within my lifetime a band of armed Jews, responding to yet another one of history's gruesome gags, will push a few buttons and turn the entire planet into a radio-active cemetery." - from the Introduction.2006 0-7734-5907-3
This book concentrates on the Holocaust in Southern and Southeastern Ukraine, as carried out by Nazi Germany and Antonescu’s Romania with the help of the local Ukrainians and ethnic German colonists. Topics such as the Jewish participation in resistance and opposition, collaboration among local inhabitants, and the interrelations of Jewish and non-Jewish population during the Holocaust will be emphasized.
The topic of the Jewish partisan activities comes under careful scrutiny. The difference will be drawn between the actual and alleged Jewish participation in the Soviet partisan movement, since under the pretext of anti-partisan counterattack, Wehrmacht, SS units and Einsatzgruppen were deployed in Ukraine to perform killing sprees on the Jews. Hundreds of thousands of Jews were murdered in the Ukraine under the cover of anti-partisan activities.
Two topics of particular concentration are the Crimean and Transnistrian Holocaust, both of which are unresearched subjects. The situation there was different from the other cities and towns in the Ukraine and thus requires further investigation and research. In Crimea, the Tatar anti-Semitism as well as the existence of two or more different Jewish separate groups, Karaites, Krimchaks and Rabbinical Jews, created a unique environment, which is analyzed in detailed discussion.
The Holocaust in Odessa, on the other hand, was carried out by the Romanians and not by Germans. The Romanian example is the only example of its kind in World War II. Romania was the only independent country directly involved in genocidal killing operations. The examination of the issues surrounding the willingness of Romanians to initiate and execute the killings is included. While the policies of the Romanian state were inspired by the widespread anti-Semitism, the petty bureaucrats were guided by greed and opportunity. The result of the latter led to the sufferings of many, but also opened a door of salvation for many others.2014 1-4955-0267-8
An informative editing of Edward Lawrence Levy’s (1851-1932) historical autobiography providing fascinating insight into this remarkable man. Levy is best known as a “strongman” who won amateur weightlifting championships in both British and international competitions. He was a judge at the 1896 Olympics in Athens and helped organize the gymnastics section of the 1908 Olympics in London. Levy also was a headmaster of a predominantly Jewish school in Birmingham, edited a weekly newspaper for a brewers’ society, organized entertainments at the Midland Conservative Club, and wrote prolifically for newspapers on sport, theater, and music.2005 0-7734-6032-2
This book “frames” the appearances of Moses’ wives in Israel’s story and in the interpretive literature of Jews and Christians. Their responses to the account of Zipporah and the Cushite in the Scriptures reveal their views on circumcision, exogamy, monogamy, and even chastity, for an exegetical motif emerged that Moses “withdrew” from his wife after he became a prophet for God.
Zipporah enters the script of Exodus as Moses’ wife, a foreign woman who performed the ritual that marked male Jews as God’s covenant partners and members of God’s people. Zipporah is one of three named circumcisers in the Jewish Scriptures, joining Abraham and Joshua. By circumcising her son, she made a way for the deliverance of Israel from the bondage of Egypt. Like Abraham, she took a knife to her son, not to slay him, but to save his – or his or his father’s – life. The Torah also mentions Moses’ marriage to a Cushite woman – another outsider, which the priestly and prophetic leadership of Israel – Miriam and Aaron – disparaged, but which the LORD affirmed. Like other outsiders in the Bible, Moses’ foreign wives are featured and celebrated to combat trends toward separatism and exclusivism that emerged among post-exilic Jews.
However, the early interpreters of the Scriptures were not concerned with the social dynamics of Persian period Yehud or the tensions between Second Temple scribes and redactors. Early Jews and Christian sages had their own agendas for Zipporah and the Cushite and used their stories to influence their constituencies regarding marriage, procreation and sexual renunciation, as well as circumcision and baptism. Thus, this project traces the exegetical trajectories of Jews and Christians along these lines.2014 0-7734-4278-2
This remarkable literary journey of the enigmatic ‘Samson’ titillates the reader’s curiosity. Blessed with a handsome and spectacular physique, and a naughty thirst for la dolce vita
, Samson has served as a paradigm for many a well-meaning person who failed to teach himself self-restraint. Caspi and Greene chronicle the fascinating literary-historical development of the Samson figure and his significance through Jewish, Christian, and Islamic traditions, and during ancient, medieval, and modern times. 2005 0-7734-6121-3
This collection of essays focuses on films dealing with important issues in the Jewish world.
Films selected are only those who make a significant contribution to our understanding of a particular theme under discussion. The themes are: immigration, antisemitism, Israel and Zionism, life in the East-European shtetls (small villages), intermarriage and assimilation, religion, and the Holocaust. The majority of the works analyzed are American-made.
Among the findings of this study is that antisemitism has been touched upon rarely; the 1947 classic, Gentleman’s Agreement
, is still the yardstick by which such works as School Ties (1992), and Quiz Show (1994) are being judged. And the truth is that, while the older classic manages to penetrate deeply into this sensitive question, the later works only skim the surface. Also, it is clear that Hollywood steered away from Israel; while in the 1960's and 1970's Israel presented the world a picture of courage and moral justice, the prolonged occupation and treatment of the Palestinians, have created controversies that film producers were averse to engage in. On the other hand, Hollywood has been rather receptive, and generally positive, in its treatment of orthodoxy and Hasidism, as evidenced in The Chosen
(1983), and A Stranger Among Us
(1992). One area where Hollywood has disappointed is the Holocaust. While it is true that it has produced Judgement at Nurenberg
(1961), The Diary of Anne Frank
(1959),and Schindler’s List
, (1993), all very influential films, the rest of the field is a collection of works dealing with marginal issues, and , regretfully, in some cases, turning the subject matter into pure sensationalism.
As this study concluded, many new works dealing with the Jewish experience-antisemitism, Holocaust, and post-holocaust issues, assimilation, exile and life in Israel, were coming out. This is a clear indication that this is a subject of great interest to film makers, and it seems, to viewers all over the world.1999 0-7734-7923-61990 0-88946-621-1
A contribution to the leading edge of Gospel studies, based on the methodology of comparative midrash, with commentary on Mark pericope by pericope.2004 0-7734-6561-8
This massive, two-volume work is an extensive survey of the interactions between organized religions and war from the Exodus to Gulf War II. The major emphases are on Judaism, Christianity and Islam, with additional chapters on Hinduism, Buddhism, and sections on Shinto, Quakerism, and others. It will attract scholars in a variety of disciplines: peace studies, religion, history, and political science.2014 0-7734-4321-1
This collection of essays explains the Hebrew influence upon European culture especially the impact of Kabbalah.2014 0-7734-4263-4
A revealing examination of the development of religious animosity through the manufacturing of an anti-Semitic and anti-Judaism atmosphere that remains widespread in Christian society today. This study uncovers how the early Christian Church Fathers’ torturous manipulation of the Hebrew Bible, caused the marginalization of the Jews socially, economically, legally, theologically, and spiritually.2008 0-7734-4923-X
This study investigates the three main images of Christ in the material normally designated as hymnic in the New Testament (Phil 2:6-11, 1 Cor 8:6, Col 1:15-20, John 1:1-18, Heb 1:3-4, 1 Tim 3:16), specifically the images of Christ the pre-existent divinity, Christ the Creator and Christ the Incarnate god. It is the position of the author that the closest literary antecedents for the first two images can be found in the literary world of Hellenistic Jewish wisdom speculation, specifically that subset of Hellenistic Jewish wisdom speculation influenced by Middle Platonic thought and exemplified by the works of Philo of Alexandria. The final image, that of Christ the Incarnate god, finds its’ most compelling literary antecedents in works of Greco-Roman religious thought and philosophy, specifically those myths which deal with gods taking human form and serving as slaves. The image of the god as flesh, a subset of those images which deal with Christ as an incarnate god, however, fails to be easily classified as deriving from either Hellenistic Jewish or Greco-Roman literary images.1984 0-88946-759-5
The first full-length monograph which deals with this subject, this book serves two primary purposes: to trace the development of the concept of gentile normativeness in the history of Jewish law and theology, and to show how this concept had tremendous internal influence on the development of that law and that theology themselves.1995 0-7734-9063-9
The articles in this volume deal with the impact of science on the Jews from the 18th through the 20th centuries in terms of two broad topics: the impact of science on traditional Jewish cultures; and the role of Jews in the scientific professions in the 19th and 20th centuries, in particular the issue of the professionalization of science in this period and the roles Jews played in this process.1991 0-7734-9681-5
A survey of the manuscripts and printed editions of Sefer Ha-Yashar, one of the most complex spiritual and religious phenomena in 13th-century Judaism. It is one of the most important treatises in the history of Jewish spirituality, in which ethics merges with mysticism. Deals with the concept of God, Creation and problems of Evil, the illustration of Man and his Soul, and the theme of Love and Fear of God and Devekut in Sefer Ha-Yashar.2012 0-7734-2933-6
The essays collected in this volume show the complex lives and identities of Central European Jewish women, born between 1860 and the early 20th century. They enrich our knowledge and understanding of European Jewish women. Despite their important contributions to many intellectual and artistic fields, most of the women in this book were previously unknown to English-speaking audiences.
These women exhibited a fluid range of identities, affiliations, and loyalties. Their Jewishness was more often identified with culture or community rather than ritual or religion. Most traveled around Europe and fled Europe during the time of the Nazi persecution. Their odysseys highlight the experiences of the marginal and those in exile. The collection offers a valuable contribution to 19th and 20th century women’s history, European intellectual history, Jewish studies, and Diaspora studies.2015 1-4955-0348-8
This work is an exploration of Jewishness, Judaism, Jewish texts, and the history of the Jewish people as it relates to the millions of people in
sub-Saharan Africa. It analyzes the phenomenon of Jewish connectedness using a wide-range of conflicting and religious discourses to bring a fresh perspective to this complex paradigm.2015 1-4955-0375-5
Power changed hands in Kiev fourteen times during the revolution and civil war (1917–1920) yet anti-Jewish violence remained a constant despite the different ideologies of the troops holding power. This book raises important questions of the responsibility of the civil and military authorities for Jewish pogroms in Kiev and Ukraine during the civil war.2011 0-7734-1514-9
A thorough examination of the enormous differences between the attitudes toward Jews of the First Republic, the Third Reich and the German Democratic Republic, or East Germany, the last regime of which has not been studied with the depth, due not least to the relatively recent opening of sources.2012 0-7734-3054-7
This book shows how Judah Abrabanel’s writings are philosophical, and not merely religious. It examines the Renaissance belief that Love should know more than Wisdom, which is something Abrabanel taught. The ultimate mystical union with God for Abrabanel is beneficence towards one’s fellow human beings. His view is that love is the affirmation of both God and human individual experience. Knowledge of man and God are both dependent upon the experience of love.2001 0-7734-7154-5
Translation of six letters by an anonymous author, identified as the Lutheran theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher, in response to the equally anonymous Sendschreiben by David Friedlaender in support of or contradiction to the question of Jewish emancipation. Includes historical introduction to Jewish life in Berlin.2004 0-7734-6325-9
This project examines the literary, cultural, and historical significance of the 1937 stage play, The Eternal Road, the biblical epic of the Jewish émigré titans—writer Franz Werfel, composer Kurt Weill, and director Max Reinhardt. In academic circles, the play is relatively well known, although it has not received the kind of attention that scholars have paid to works such as The Threepenny Opera, Forty Days of Musa Dagh, and A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Reinhardt’s most often performed theatrical production. Apart from articles and chapters in dissertations and books, no comprehensive analysis of Road exists in monograph form.
The play, which premiered at the Manhattan Opera House in January 1937, sold out its 153 performances, but it closed less than six months later, a victim of extravagant casting and design. In fact, no Broadway show in its time ran up as large a deficit. Meyer Weisgal, its producer, dubbed it one of the theater’s most brilliant money-losers ever. The significance of Road lies elsewhere—in its singular moment of expression of Jewish pride by several colorful, albeit complicated, dramatis personae.
There are numerous areas of scholarship to which a study of this sort contributes. Students of the history of American theater will welcome a recitation of the play’s production history and a careful reading of its text. Historians, meanwhile, might find the subject helpful in illuminating some of the everyday responses to Nazi persecution by central European Jewish émigrés. One of the more intriguing issues for me is where to situate Road within the broader context of the life work of its principal creators. To what degree was the play a departure from or a continuity within the aesthetic approaches of Reinhardt, the parvenu, Weill, the left-leaning social critic, and Werfel, the would-be Catholic. To what extent did the three figures project their conflicts with, and corresponding concepts of, “Jewishness” onto the text and performance of the play? What was the role of external and intrinsic factors that helped to bring Road into existence? If Hitler had never come to power, would there have been an Eternal Road?
The show was the only occasion in which Reinhardt, Werfel, and Weill joined together to issue a condemnation, in the only language and forum they knew, of the Nazi assault on Jewish culture, religion, and history. And yet their play was more than mere anti-Nazi tableau, and certainly more than either a technical wonder or a box office bomb. It was a remarkable tribute by Jews to Jews in all their various, conflicting incarnations.2010 0-7734-3817-3
This book challenges conventional portraits of Ludwig Wittgenstein that narrowly depict him as a philosopher’s philosopher. Rather, this study demonstrates Wittgenstein’s engagement with social, ethical and cultural questions, including aspects of otherness.1997 0-7734-8693-3
Included in this study are those Jewish writers who are conscious of being Jewish and whose novels deal solely or mostly with themes and protagonists inspired by the characteristics of Jewish societies, selected for their special literary or critical importance or interest in modern French letters. Chapter headings include: A Historical and Literary Overview to 1940; Writers of the Holocaust; Romain Gary - Lone Rider; Humor as Survival - Claude Berri, Jacques Joffo, and Jacques Lanzmann; From Wandering to Assimilation - Marek Halter and Roger Ikor; Albert Cohen - Between Laughter and Despair; Eastern Europe Meets the West - Ashkenazic Writers; Out of North Africa - Sephardic Writers; conclusion and bibliography.2017 1-4955-0535-9
Presents the history of the Montefiore family, a wealthy Jewish family whose influence has not been recorded. The Montefiores were leaders in Business and Philanthropy throughout Europe and the United States.1993 0-7734-2306-0
An exhaustive and comprehensive work uses in-depth research in the fields of philology, British history, hermeneutics, scientific principles, and geological and archeological studies to refute the claims of British Israelism that they are the Lost Tribes. The writer shows the many groups that fall into the British Israelism camp. The book also contains maps of the Holy Land and the land grants of the various tribes, as well as letters from leading institutions of higher education refuting the claims of British Israelism.2012 0-7734-2598-5
A book that concerns itself with the historical development of the fable or parable as a way of communicating knowledge and truth, in both Judaism and Christianity.2001 0-7734-7666-02015 1-4955-0385-2
This is a new and different psychoanalytic interpretation of the Old Testament Joseph Story which examines different cultural perspectives including the Christian, Hebraic and Qur’anic versions of this familiar religious story.1989 0-88946-256-9
A well-respected but little-studied 12th-century commentary of interest to scholars of medieval Judaica and modern Bible scholars, now available in English for the first time.1992 0-7734-9770-6
The first detailed and comprehensive study of the classic period of London's Jewish East End. Describes the circumstances of its formation, its geographical and social boundaries, and such organizations as the remarkable Jewish trade unions, the myriad of friendly societies, burial societies, charities, schools, and various religious and political groups. It analyses the economic basis of the community, its doctrinal and liturgical aspects, festivals, entertainments, housing and food, shops and businesses. Discusses in some depth the external factors: anti-Semitism, Socialism and Zionism. Finally, it places in perspective its effects on the major political and cultural aspects of the history of world Jewry and Britain.2017 1-4955-0540-5
Author examines girl's puberty rites or rather the lack of such rites in rightwing Orthodox circles. The historical beginnings and cultural impact of the Bat Mitzvah and its development in Israel and the United States are explained.1998 0-7734-8254-71991 0-88946-286-0
Essays presented at the proceedings of the Montreal Conference on Moses Maimonides held in October 1985. The collection of essays, in both English and French, seeks to define Maimonides as a seminal figure in Medieval Judaism. Most of the essays address the topic of the Idea of Human Perfection in Maimonides.2000 0-7734-7821-3
The focus of this work is Leon Modena’s polemic masterpiece, the Magen Wa-Hereb, “Shield and Sword”. It makes this important document in Jewish polemical thought accessible to students of comparative religion and persons interested in inter-religious relations. Modena’s work is a delicately nuanced text, written in a sparkling style with wit and charm. This translation avoids a wooden rendering, being honest to the original, trying to bring the reader as close as possible to the honest feeling of the original as well as to its sense.2010 0-7734-3793-2
As a literary genre travelers' stories have grown out of oral traditions. These traditions flourished along the trade routes of the ancient world. Indeed the roads around the Mediterranean basin were busy with traffic during the Roman and Byzantine periods.
This anthology of twenty-one travelers' tales examines the Talmudic tales as an inter-cultural phenomenon.2011 0-7734-3810-6
This work presents the wide range of influence of the ‘Song of Songs’ on world culture. It demonstrates the long history of confrontation of the immense number of allegorical interpretations with secular (literal) commentaries. This book contains twenty-four black and white photographs and twelve color photographs.2016 1-4955-0422-0
“While reminding religious and non-religious people alike of the great contribution of the Jews to modern Western culture, the present volume searches out a hermeneutical middle ground between the materialism of race-based identity theories and the ideological excesses of narrowly conceived religious systems.”
- Craig Nichols, Ph.D.,
University of Rhode Island2009 0-7734-4800-4
This is the first English translation and bilingual edition of the Yiddish novella, The Women Shopkeepers or Golde-Mine, the Abandoned Wife of Brod
by Ayzik-Meyer Dik, presented with a facing page English translation. Many Yiddish scholars hold the view that Dik, as an innovative, skillful and prolific storyteller, is of pivotal importance in the development of modern Yiddish literature.2012 0-7734-4062-3
In this monograph the author investigates the syntactic construction found in the Semitic languages known as verbal coordination as it relates to the translation and therefore the interpretation of the scriptures. In the course of his analysis, the author also discusses grammaticalization that has occurred to translate the function of the word from Hebrew to Greek. According to the author, translations of this construction account for certain awkward expressions in the Greek Gospel texts, particularly Mark and John, because the writers were thinking in Semitic and writing in Greek. There are significant implications for Bible scholars, translators and linguists.