Subject Area: International Relations

Building a Framework of Security for Southeast Europe and the Black Sea Region: A Challenge Facing Nato
2013 0-7734-4517-X
Security issues in Southeast Europe are tricky because the region has been in turmoil for many years. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) stands out as a likely counterweight to the local problems that have plagued the region, and could serve as a stabilizing force. The book focuses on counter-terrorism measures that can be taken in Southeast Europe, specifically by NATO allies in the region. NATO has played an important role in Southeast Europe in the post-Cold War years. Their brief and selective bombing operation in 1995 helped bring the Bosnian War to a conclusion and the participants to the Dayton Conference. In 1999, their more extensive bombing campaign halted Serb incursions into the Yugoslav Republic of Kosovo. In addition, the Partnership for Peace (PfP) program eventually included most of the states in the region. While there has been no direct involvement of NATO in the Black Sea region, both Georgia and Ukraine have at times made serious bids for membership, as PfP members. Creation of the NATO-Russia Council makes that important nation part of the dialogue as well. The central argument of the book focuses on the thesis that NATO involvement in both regions can be a significant factor that contributes to prospects for security in the area.

Carrier’s Liability Under International Maritime Convention - The Hague, Hague-Visby and Hamburg Rules
2005 0-7734-6174-4
The research centres on the sea carrier's liability for loss of or damage to goods under convention based regimes. The unification, clarification and simplification of national laws regulating maritime trade have always been targets of lawyers and business people who would like to be aware of their possible legal risks in their contracts performed by sea. With these aim, three conventions were prepared: the Hague, Hague- Visby and Hamburg Rules. They with different texts and legislative styles have become the main reason for lack of uniformity in the field of the carriage of goods by sea today. In this thesis, what requirements were made them necessary are explained, and if there were any needs for other conventions is answered. The carrier's liabilities under the three Conventions are also identified, evaluated and compared. The conditions of such liabilities and exemption there from are determined. Whether the Rules cause any uncertainty and need clarifications, and whether they keep up with the technological and economic developments in the world are investigated.

After all these studies it is concluded that there are no substantial differences between the Hague and Hamburg liability regimes except the archaic nautical fault and fire exemptions, and that the latter, which contain all the amendments of the Visby and SDR Protocols, were more clearly drafted by taking the needs of modem trade into consideration and have brought the regime into line with other Conventions relating to other modes of transport. It should, therefore, be the convention on carriage by sea.

Nevertheless, it is also found that the Hamburg Rules needs some clarification to minor extent, and some amendments thereto are suggested in the thesis. With this strength, especially Articles 5 and 6 of the Hamburg Rules are revised as requiring from the carrier to prove the exempted occurrence which caused the loss and to exercise the degree of care expected from the prudent carrier to avoid the occurrence and its consequences, as amending the burden of proving the fault of the carrier, his servants or agents in favour of the cargo interest, and as changing the limitation measures and unit of accounts.

Comparative Analysis of U.S. Policy Toward European Defense Autonomy: Enduring Dilemmas in Transatlantic Relations
2008 0-7734-5109-9
This book explores the tension between American desires for Europeans to share more of the defense burden without having to give up its leadership role and the European desires for greater defense autonomy without having to devote more resources toward military capabilities. It addresses the inadequacies of systemic international relations theories in explaining why the US supported a potentially competitive system with NATO. In addition, the study focuses on variables at the domestic level, such as fragmented political systems, divergent threat perceptions, and international relations in explaining US behavior toward European defense systems during these two discrete periods of time.

Developing a Theoretical Model of Counterproliferation for the 21st Century
2000 0-7734-7767-5
Examining counterproliferation as a global phenomenon, the authors use an in-depth analysis of the Counterproliferation Initiative to develop a theoretical model of counterproliferation for the 21st century. Arguing that existing counterproliferation policy is the product of bureaucratic competition, the authors propose several modifications of existing policy. In the second half of the book, they use four case studies (Cuban Missile Crisis, Persian Gulf War, Osirak Reactor Raid, and Sudan) to identify factors that might contribute to an effective counterproliferation strategy. More specifically, the authors explore the relationship between the strength of an intelligence-gathering apparatus and the successful or unsuccessful elimination of weapons of mass destruction. The study concludes with observations and limited predictions regarding the future of counterproliferation.

Effects of American Foreign Aid to Egypt, 1957-1987
1995 0-7734-2287-0
Contains a review of the past literature on the subject, the subject methodology, and both macro and micro level data analysis, with summary, conclusions, and recommendations. Employing a mixture of quantitative, qualitative and inductive methodology, this book examines those factors that dictated Egypt's economic development from 1957 to 1987, and then investigates a major unanswered question: Has the longevity and increase in American aid facilitated overall economic development (increased productivity and standards of living) in Egypt?

Electoral Conditions of Economic Cooperation: How Democracies Select Their Leaders Affects Their Foreign Policy
2010 0-7734-3764-9
This book examines whether electoral rules impact the level of multilateralism, or cooperative policies, that countries pursue. Specifically, this research looks at International Governmental Organization membership, foreign aid donations, and trade tariffs to determine whether some democracies, because of the degree of representativeness afforded by their political institutions, pursue such preferences to a greater extent than others.

Essay on the Demographic Imperative Non-Linear Theory of the Growth of Humankind
1999 0-7734-3258-2
Of all global problems world population growth is the most significant. The growth of the number of people expresses the sum outcome of all economic, social and cultural activities that comprise human history. For a phenomenological description of the global demographic process the author developed an original non-linear mathematical model for explanation of the global demographic process. The demographic transition – a transition to a stabilized world population of some 14 billion in the foreseeable future is to be determined by the inherent pattern of systemic growth of an open system, rather than by the lack of resources. The demographic revolution, a fundamental change in the paradigm of our development will be accompanied by basic changes in the age profile that never before happened since the origin of humankind. The impact of this rapid transformation on our values is critical for understanding many of the critical problems now facing the world.

Fundamentals of International Law
1999 0-7734-8175-3
Among the topics discussed are: notion of international law, relationship between international law and municipal law, basis of international law, sources of international law, subjects of international law, responsibility of States, sovereignty of States and the principle of non-intervention, etc.

General War Among Great Powers in World History
2001 0-7734-7429-3

Geopolitics of Energy in the Caspian Sea Region: The Challenges Faced by Azerbaijan
2010 0-7734-1331-6
This study describes the geopolitical importance of Azerbaijan’s natural resources. The argument presented includes both empirical data as well as expert opinions from diplomats.

Health Rights and Health Problems of Migrants Living in the Thai-Burma Border Region: Narcotics, Debt Bondage, and Refugee Camps
2012 0-7734-2939-5
Understanding migration is fundamental to our modern view of the world. Forced migration is one of the biggest transformative factors of our time. Health rights of migrants are embedded within human rights. Nation states and global agencies are challenged by the movement of people and their duty to uphold health and human rights of asylum seekers and forced migrants. It is important for professionals working in fields of development and migration to comprehend the complexities involved in achieving health for vulnerable populations. This book details the origins of health rights from the Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. It analyses health rights as they exist in the real world of forced migration and protracted refugee situations. Migration from Burma to Thailand represents a long established forced migration pattern and lessons are drawn from studying this situation. Moving beyond the limited and failed refugee regimes it is recommended that resources be mobilized to promote migrant self-sufficiency. Sustainable living and aid relief care needs to be administered to promote development strategies with capacity building and democratic processes within migrant groups.

How Corruption Affects Social and Economic Development
2007 0-7734-5299-0
This study analyzes the meaning of corruption in the socio-political arena in an attempt to better understand its root causes, the external effects it has on society, and solutions which may lead to its extermination. It suggests that acts which might be regarded as corrupt are better understood as part of a broader organic context in which they occur and as a reflection of the way in which those who take part in or eschew such behavior envisage their social world and treat their social relationships. By effecting a shift in the underlying attitudes which prompt acts of corruption, it may be possible to eliminate such practices.

How War Makes Politics Impossible
2007 0-7734-5378-4
This book provides an English translation of philosopher Heimo Hofmeister’s book, Der Wille zum Krieg, oder die Ohnmacht der Politik, which traces the connection between war and the individual or group awareness of differences among ‘others’ which leads to inevitable and serious disagreement. Analyzing the relations of strength, force and power on the one hand and state, politics and war on the other, Hofmeister shows that while conflict is inevitable, war is not. Ironically, the same diversity that exists among humanity and the conflicts that arise from the awareness of such are just as much the foundation of harmony, friendship and love as they are that of war and hate.

Impact of China and Russia on United States-Mongolian Political Relations in the Twentieth Century
2009 0-7734-4753-9
Written by two former diplomats, this work is the first in-depth analysis of the political relationship between the United States and Mongolia. The study elucidates why, despite over a hundred years of substantive interactions between the two countries, the establishment of formal diplomatic relations did not occur until 1987.

Is Jihad a Just War? War, Peace and Human Rights Under Islamic and Public International Law
2002 0-7734-7304-1

Islam and War: The Disparity Between the Technological-Normative Evolution of Modern War and the Doctrine of Jihad
2011 0-7734-1513-0
The author examines jihad from an historical discursive perspective, taking account of the economic and cultural contexts in which the doctrine first developed in Islamic law, as well as the doctrine’s applicability to international law and relations.

Named for the Law and Society Association's 2012 Herbert Jacob Book Prize.

L'etat Actuel de L'espagne ( September 1779). A French Diplomat's Report to His Government About the Social, Economic, and Political Situation and Military Capability of Spain and Its Empire in 1779
2013 0-7734-4074-7
This book is a report on Spain written in Madrid by the French diplomat Jean-Francois de Bourgoing when France was becoming increasingly involved in the American Revolution. At that time the French were pressing the Spaniards to join them. Bourgoing first describes Spanish society on religiosity, the Church and the Inquisition. His perspective is that of a disciple of Voltaire. His description of the various governmental bodies, the economy and foreign trade, especially with Spain’s vast colonial empire including the Indies, was designed to be practical for French policy makers. The final chapters on the Court and the state of the arts in Spain reveal Bourgoing’s chauvinism. His secularism, typical of France’s enlightened elite, was to culminate in the French Revolution a decade later.

Law of Recognition in International Law Basic Principles
1994 0-7734-9109-0
This book deals with theories of recognition, recognition of states, governments, belligerency and insurgency, modes and effects of recognition and the doctrine of non-recognition. It provides a full length discourse on the law of recognition in an easily digestible format. It will serve as a practical guide book for statesmen and foreign service personnel throughout the world.

Law of Treaties Between States and International Organizations
1992 0-7734-9590-8
The orthodox view that a treaty is an agreement between States has been seriously challenged by the growing practice of international organizations in the post World War II period. In responseto this, an International Convention was concluded in Vienna in 1986 under the auspices of the United Nations. The Convention presents a valuable contribution to the codification and progressive development of international law in two important fields: the law of treaties, and the legal status of international organizations. This study is based on the Convention, against the background of existing customary law, and is both a valuable textbook and, more significantly, a practical guide book for statesmen and foreign service personnel throughout the world.

Middle Powers and Accidental Wars: A Study in Conventional Strategic Stability
2005 0-7734-6093-4
The traditional understanding of strategic stability, as a condition wherein adversarial states refrain from waging a strategic war, is in the first place flawed as it conflates the concept with the wider issue of causes of war, it places too great an emphasis on arms racing and crisis management, and it has focused too much on nuclear strategy. This study situates the concept directly with the phenomena of accidental or inadvertent wars, and proposes an understanding of strategic stability as a condition wherein policy-makers do not feel pressured into knee-jerk decisions concerning the use of military force. This study proposes a framework of conventional strategic stability. It includes a geographic and strategic cultural milieu that frames the processes by which policy-makers and strategic planners identify and assess the threat posed by potential adversaries. It directs attention away from armaments to other military-strategic factors such as interpretations of strategic doctrines and intelligence and early warning processes. Finally, drawing from the Clausewitzian politics-war paradigm, it focuses on how domestic and external political conditions provide clues as to how and why strategic stability either maintains or fails, because decisions for war are ultimately political in nature.

National and Human Security Issues in Latin America
2006 0-7734-5765-8
In this book, an international group of distinguished scholars analyze how Latin Americans are struggling with the question of how they can provide for their security while they govern themselves. They explain Latin Americans’ complex definitions of security and current threats to it. Various external forces – from Al Qaeda and the International Monetary Fund to certain policies of the United States government – threaten Latin Americans’ autonomy.

Economic and political elites may restrict popular self-government, sometimes by promising to provide for security at the cost of liberty. The lives, property, and well-being of Latin American peoples often remain in the balance. The authors show how Latin American nations, individuals, and peoples are seeking to make themselves more secure through their democracies. They consider how Latin Americans are asserting their democratic rights and seeking to deepen the practices of freedom during the current domestic transitions and the war on terror. They judge the prospects for the success of Latin American democracies meeting the severe threats to the region’s security. Given Latin American political history and contemporary insecurities, the chapters demonstrate why the future of these democracies is at risk.

Norwegian Armed Forces and Defense Policy, 1905-1955
2004 0-7734-6422-0
This work details the history of the Norwegian Armed Forces from 1905 to 1955. After Norway gained full independence from Sweden in 1905, it faced the challenge of maintaining its sovereignty as a small state caught in the midst of rivalries and conflicts among the great powers. This book examines how the armed forces played an important part in this policy through the end of World War I, followed by the steep decline in Norwegian defense spending and capabilities in the face of economic depression and apparent absence of international threats in 1918, the Labor government’s taking office in 1935 with Norway still lacking any clear military strategy or unified defense policy on the eve of World War II, the German invasion in 1940, and then the apparent danger of a Soviet invasion in 1948 that galvanized the government to make defense a priority, Norway’s NATO membership in 1949 and participation in the American Military Assistance Program in 1950, both reflecting Norway’s choice of collective security over non-alignment.

Path to the 2002 Association Agreement Between the European Union and Chile: A Case Study in Successful Political Negotiation
2009 0-7734-4833-0
This study, using a qualitative process-tracing approach, investigates the reasons that motivated the European Union to conclude an Association Agreement with Chile in 2002.

Political Economy of Defense Spending Around the World
1999 0-7734-8017-X

Precautionary Principle in International Relations: Constructing Foreign and Defense Policy in an Age of Uncertainty
2012 0-7734-2940-9
Written in response to the Bush Administration’s aggressive rhetoric previous to and during the Iraq War, this book addresses the key issues relating to Precautionary Principles on defense policies regarding pre-emptive war. Policymakers in the West seem prone to use these tactics when they feel there is certainly an outside threat to national security, and even when the threat is miniscule, after 9/11 American leaders in particular seem to err on the side of caution. Knowing the difference between a certain threat, a risky pre-emptive attack, and uncertainty could have informed public debate in significant ways. This theory is necessary now more than ever because our world system faces new and unknown threats that must be mediated by an international order.

Private Armies, Citizen Militias, and Religious Terrorists
2007 0-7734-5287-7
This study explores the structural, interactional and historical origins of antisystemic violence, that is violence in response to relatively stable sets of social relations and/or bureaucratized state structures, in today’s world. The study’s focus is primarily on militia groups in the Americas and Central Asia.

Problem of Describing Relations Between the United States and Southeast Asian Nations: A Study of Political Language Games
2012 0-7734-2647-7
This book shows how political speech acts carry consequences in diplomatic relations. Focusing on interactions between the United States and Southeast Asian countries, the author shows that often the more powerful country does not get its way. American foreign policy is usually viewed as being uncompromising and hegemonic, but in reality, it strikes agreements and compromises on a regular basis.

One would assume that the wealthier, more powerful country would always get its way. This study shows that smaller countries with little or no bargaining power can benefit from relations with the United States.

Problems in the Implementation of Government Policies in the West Indies
2012 0-7734-2610-8
This book focuses on the field of policy implementation in various countries across the world. The book tries to capture the way various policies are implemented in countries such a Chile, Finland, Australia, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies. The book features the writing of the top academicians of public policy. The book tries to unravel whether the challenges facing policy makers across the globe are similar or if there are essential differences in the policy implementation in these countries. The factors and obstacles that confront the processes of implementation in different countries are identified, analyzed, dissected, having their limitations exposed. The issues being considered are the stages involved, whether it’s a top-down or bottom-up approach, the clarity of the definition of goals, and the relationship between goals and outcomes. The book is essential reading for those who want to understand the causes of policy failure in a different context.

Problems of Governance in the European Union: Migration, Monetary Integration, Socio-Economic Change, and Trade
2008 0-7734-5105-6
This work explores two of the main challenges faced by the European Union today: how to maintain its competitiveness by becoming a knowledge-based economy while preserving social standards and protecting the environment as articulated in the Lisbon Strategy; and how to govern a complex entity of distinctive member states.

Right to Democracy in International Law
2003 0-7734-6852-8

Scholarly Analysis of Andrew Zimmerman’s alabama in Africa, a Major Work in Transnational History: How Ideological Commitments Corrupt Understanding
2015 1-4955-0403-4
This multi-sited, transnational dissent from the widely acclaimed book, Alabama in Africa by Andrew Zimmerman challenges Zimmerman’s argument, evidence, and conclusions about the details and import of the Tuskegee Institute’s impact on the history of West Africa.

No study of transnational work has gained more attention than Andrew Zimmerman’s Alabama in Africa: Booker T. Washington, the German Empire, and the Globalization of the New South. It instantly rose to broad influence in 2011, but Robert J. Norrell contends that Zimmerman is wrong on virtually all his major claims. Norrell insists that Alabama in Africa often relies on shallow or tendentious argument. An American black man, Zimmerman claims, is in large part responsible for the maltreatment of Africans in a German colony and therefore bears guilt for the brutality that Germans showed throughout Africa and that carried over to all their international relations afterward. The leading social scientists brought into Zimmerman’s story – Gustav von Schmoller, Max Weber, and Robert Park – are also extracted from their real circumstances and cast into contexts more of Zimmerman’s making than reflections of reality.

Succession of States in Respect to Treaties, State Property, Archives, and Debts
1991 0-88946-263-1
A study with great relevance and topicality for a world with a rapidly changing political map: discusses the succession of states to treaties and other obligations/rights, seeking answers to the question, Does a new state succeed to its predecessor's international rights and duties, and, if so, to what extent?

Supremacy of the State in International Law
2003 0-7734-6848-X
The Act of State Doctrine holds that a state is legally supreme within its own boundaries and its sovereign is wholly immune to the judgments of other nations. The acts that the sovereign power’s agents perform as part of their official duties and responsibilities cannot be called into question in the courts of another nation. If a state possesses not final and complete power over its own territory and citizens it is a dependency, a colony, or an occupied area. As nations moved into the modern world nations began to have second thoughts about maintaining and supporting sovereign absolutism. This study investigates past, current, and emerging meanings of the act of state doctrine. It also examines exceptions to the act of state doctrine.

Theorising in International Relations Contemporary Theorists and Their Critics
1997 0-7734-8640-2
This volume draws together essays which explore aspects of current theorising in International Relations. Each author expounds thoroughly on the work of a leading theories and examines critically not only the theoretical statement itself, but also the epistemological foundation of it. Theorists examined include: Susan Strange, John Burton, Andrew Linklater, James Der Derian, Mervyn Frost, William Connolly, and Richard Rorty. This book will be a valuable source to students of International Relations at both undergraduate and graduate levels who seek a thorough deconstruction of current theorists.

U.S. Foreign Language Deficit and How It Can Be Effectively Addressed in a Globalized World: A Bibliographic Essay
2013 0-7734-4302-9
An urgent and compelling examination of the foreign language deficit facing the U.S. In an ever expanding global marketplace this is a must-read for government leaders, educators, business leaders and the U.S. public in general.

United States and East Asia Since 1945
1990 0-88946-505-3
A synthesis of existing literature and interpretation of information on American foreign policy in East Asia since 1945, covering the last three major wars: World War II, the Korean conflict, and Vietnam.

Willi Munzenbery, the League Against Imperialism, and the Comintern, 1925-1933 ( 2 Volume Set)
2014 0-7734-4298-7
A monumental study filled with ‘never before’ revealed information and facts from the archives in Moscow, Berlin, Amsterdam, London and Stockholm uncovering why the Comintern established and supported the League against Imperialism and for National Independence (LAI, 1927-37) and its anti-imperialist agenda. A riveting study of intrigue, power struggles, and personal ambitions deftly defined by communist ideology and strategy with eminent activists like Münzenberg, Nehru and Albert Einstein this is a ‘must have’ resource reference.

This book represents the product of a very substantial amount of original research which transforms our understanding of the history of the League against Imperialism. Until Petersson availed himself of the opportunities afforded by the opening of the Russian archives comparatively little was known about the LAI, its organization, its relations with the Comintern, or the role of its principal players, particularly that of Willi Munzenberg.

World Energy Crisis and the Task of Retrenchment: Reaching the Peak of Oil Production
2009 0-7734-5056-4
The unanticipated arrival of peak energy production will cause the greatest revolution in the Western world’s optimistic perceptions of the future since the beginning of the use of our fossil fuel inheritance in the 18th century. Retrenchment and scarcity will now be the themes of international discourse. This work probes the philosophical assumptions behind this planning lapse, the sudden confrontation with a reversal of all that has powered our political and economic institutions.