Reflections of African-American Peace Leaders

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This collection provides a text that examines the views and parameters of peace activism by both famous and little-known African-American leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr., Paul Robeson, E. Franklin Frazier, Gloria Richardson, Septima P. Clark, and Ella Baker. These documents, most of which are reprinted in full, outline the wide range of approaches, ideas, and philosophies various Black Americans used to generate an antiwar campaign, question the use of violence around the world, and call attention to the emergence of international racism and social intolerance during the late 19th through the 20th centuries.

Table of Contents

Table of contents:
Foreword; Preface; Introduction
Chapter One: African Americans and Anti-Imperialism: 1898-1920s
· Charles B. Baylor – The Negro’s Anti-Imperialism (1898)
· Clifford H. Plummer – The Negro’s Anti-Imperialism (1898)
· Lewis H. Douglass - The Negro’s Anti-Imperialism (1898)
· Massachusetts Negroes to President McKinley (letters opposing imperialism in Cuba) (1899)
· E. Franklin Frazier – Negro and Non-Resistance (opposes Christian Love) (1924)
· The Negro and Non-Resistance (A Response to Criticism) (1924)
· American Negro Labor Congress (1925)
· American Inter-Racial Peace Committee (1927)
· Anti-Imperialism Congress (1927)
· William Pickens – For the Recognition of the Soviet Union (1928)
Chapter Two: Peace without Justice: The 1930s and 1940s
· W.E.B. DuBois – Pan Africa and New Racial Philosophy (1933)
· Maurice Gates – Negro Students Challenge Social Forces (1935)
· The Crisis – Black People, Anti-Semitism, and Hitler (1937)
· Walter White – White Supremacy and World War II (1944)
· Eric Williams – Race Relations in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (1945)
· NAACP Position Paper – Colonialism, Peace, and the United Nations (1945)
· W.E.B. DuBois – Testimony Before Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the United Nations’ Charter (1945)
· W.E.B. DuBois – An Appeal to the World (1947)
· Thomas Richardson – Racism in the Panama Canal Zone (1948)
· A. Philip Randolph – Call for Draft Resistance (1948)
· Paul Robeson – The Negro People and the Soviet Union (1949)
Chapter 3: World War II and Its Aftermath: 1950s and 1960s
· Paul Robeson – Robeson Denounces Korean Intervention (1950)
· Pettis Perry – White Chauvinism and the Struggle for Peace (1951)
· Paul Robeson – Unity for Peace (1951)
· Paul Robeson – Ho Chi Minh is the Toussaint L’Overture of Indo-China (1954)
· Martin Luther King, Jr. – Nonviolence and Racial Justice (1957)
· Paul Robeson – For the Celebration of the 15th Anniversary of the Founding of the German Democratic Republic (1964)
· Septima P. Clark – Literacy and Liberation (1964)
· Gloria Richardson – Freedom: Here and Now (1964)
· Martin Luther King, Jr. – Nonviolence: The Only Road to Freedom (1966)
· SNCC Statement on Vietnam War (1966)
· Martin Luther King, Jr. – A Christmas Sermon on Peace (1967)
· Martin Luther King, Jr. – A Time to Break the Silence (1967)
Selected Bibliographies of Authors of Documents

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