Evolution of the Eye From Algae and Jellyfish to Humans: How Vision Adapts to Environment
|Author: ||Hudson, Arthur J.|
This book offers a contextual analysis of the deviations and similarities in cross species eye structures. It questions the role of evolutionary processes such as random mutations, and genetic control mechanisms.
"Hudson writes about the eye biologically, not clinically, and he leads the reader through the great variations of eye structures found in the many phyla of the animal kingdom, from simple unicells through to the jellyfish and all the way to the exquisite compound eyes of the Arthropods and the simple but complex eyes of the Vertebrates. He has read widely starting with the classical works of Walls and of Duke-Elder, up to present-day Genetics with its enormous influences on many fields. Darwinian ideas of evolution solely affected by random mutations selected for survival have been widely accepted in the scientific world for a long time. Spontaneous mutations have long been exploited by breeders. Barbara McClintock working on maize demonstrated that there are ‘jumping genes’, now called transposons. And there is much else known about many features of genetics including gene-silencing and the diverging features of homozygous twins as they mature. Genes are not fixed in ‘stone’. Dr Hudson dwells very interestingly on ideas of how adaptive evolutionary changes can occur in responses to environmental stressors."
From the Foreword - Prof. Bessie Borwein, Associate Dean Medical Research, University of Western Ontario
"This is a book that will appeal to all students of the visual system from beginners to the most advanced. It is also a book that will be of great value to scientists studying one or another aspect of the eye in living things. Without question, it is the most up-to-date compendium on eye structure available today and researchers wishing to put their work in context with the wonderful world of vision will find its contents invaluable. This is a book that will last and in the years ahead one can expect that it will continue to add value both as a superb reference text and a “must read” for the average person interested in science and the eye."
Prof. Martin J. Hollenberg, Dean Emeritus of Medicine, The University of British Columbia
"[An] exceptionally well-researched and precisely written work by an accomplished academic neurologist...
Readers from several related fields will value this unique work as a thorough and comprehensive source of information and insight into this extensive field."
Prof. Warren T. Blume, University of Western Ontario
"The book is valuable, in part because it gives a compact yet detailed survey of the varieties of eye design and also because culminates in the proposal of some thought-provoking hypotheses aimed at tying together the evolutionary history of vision. ... The book ultimately serves as a thoughtful, if cursory, overview of eye evolution, and Hudson deserves credit for filling the rather large gap in book-length treatments of eye evolution." -- Prof. Daniel Graham, Hobart and William Smith Colleges
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: The Beginning of Life on Earth
1. Darwin and Evolution of the Eye
2. Solar Energy as the Source of Life
Eyespots and the Earliest Forms of the Eye
2. Warnowiidae (Warnowiaceae)
The Visual System of Bryozoa