Caste and Class in India in the Late 20th Century

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This study shows that ‘caste’ and ‘class’ factors are in coalition as much as they are in opposition, that they are neither parallel nor compartmentalized but rather a dynamic process. Using the case of Vagaikulam, an average village in India, the study demonstrates that the caste-class dynamics are at work in all the major social aspects of life in the village: economics, business, politics, religion, culture and recreation.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents:
Foreword by Parmatma Saran
Foreword by Michael E. Brown Preface
1. Introduction: The Historical Context; Resources, theories, Methdologies
2. Madurai and Madurai Region: Ancient Rule, society Culture; The People, Their Occupations
3. Vagaikulam: A Brief Social History; Social and Historical Background; Pramalai Kallar, Service Castes; The Untouchable Caste
4. Capitalism in Caste Agriculture: Agriculture, Land Tenure System; Three Kinds of Farming; Landholding Size, Concentration, Fragmentation; Non-Farming Occupations
5. Workings of Caste-Class Dynamics: Tradition and Modernity; Inequality in Opportunities; Marriage and Family Relations; Political Organizations, Activities
6. Politics of Caste-Class Dynamics: Caste, Class, Landownership; Beneficiaries of Modernization: Collapse of Retail Businesses; Force and Violence; Political Mobilization
7. Conclusion: Fluctuating Dynamics of Caste and Class Forces
Appendices; Bibliography; Index

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