Brief History of the Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts

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This volume provides an excellent examination of the Black Seminoles: their history in Florida, the Indian Territory, Mexico, and Texas, and their important contribution to the pacification of the Rio Grande frontier. The study places them against the backdrops of African slavery, Indian wars, and frontier violence, and, using a host of archival and secondary sources, provides an up-to-date synthesis of these largely unknown people. In addition, the book provides new information, particularly about the scouts’ activities in the Big Bend. Working closely with historians employed at the Ft. Clark Historical Society, Britten retraced the scouts’ steps along the Rio Grande frontier. It is a major resource for those in frontier-western history, military history, and the complex interaction of minority peoples in the west.


“This book will afford present and future generations with a well rounded reference that will chart the course in pursuit of the knowledge of the peoples who found in each other what seemed to be a passage to freedom. Throughout this cogent narrative, the accounts of the federal government’s role in the affairs of the Seminoles document acts of blatant racism which gave foundation to much of the subtle racism which persists even as we approach the 21st century.” – David A. Williams, Texas African American Heritage Organization

Table of Contents

Table of contents:
1. The Genesis of the “Black-Seminole” Alliance
2. The Black-Seminole Alliance during the Seminole Wars
3. The Seminole Trail of Tears and Flight to Mexico
4. Invitation to Texas and the Formation of the “Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts”
5. The Dismissal of the Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts
Bibliography, Index

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