1993 0-7734-9863-X This is a philosophical, psychological and economic analysis of the basic archetypes of mentality of the Homo Sovieticus. The "child archetype," "twilight mentality," and archetypes of worship and protection are some of the concepts the author uses to describe the phenomenology of Russian and Soviet conservatism. He analyzes the so-called "Turannian" components of the Russian national psyche, discusses the views of both traditional and modern "Eurasians". Using literature, the media, and economic data, he illustrates the emergence of the antitotalitarian spirit as the precondition for the transition to "positive pragmatism", or the emergence of a Russian version of protestant ethics.
1993 0-7734-9865-6 Using the analytic tools of philosophy, methodology, culturology of science and applied philosophy, the author originates an approach enabling one to treat the process of the social and cultural determination of cognition in the unity of its synchronic and diachronic aspects; to justify the culturally produced types of scientific and theoretic activity in the process of its genesis; and to elucidate ways of knowledge-realization in meaningful forms of human vital activity as an intrinsic component of its development. This is the first philosophical book to present the ties of cognition and culture from the viewpoint of "man-world" relations and the first to outline the role of the personality in the process of knowledge application in society and culture.