Dr. Robin Edward Poulton has been an Affiliate Research Professor at Virginia Commonwealth University, and is a
consultant advisor on Africa to governments, the U.N. and the European Union. Founder of the EPES?Mandala peace consultancy, he received his Ph.D. from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris.
2016 1-4955-0475-1 This book analyzes international politics in the Sahara, describing the Mali crisis and the coup d’état of March 2012 that lead to the collapse of the State. Themes include the weaknesses of African States, democratic governance, decentralization and political legitimacy: terrorism and Islamic fundamentalism; corporate competition for cocaine, hashish, weapons, oil, gas, and uranium; droughts and demography; and poverty of Mali’s vulnerable women, children and refugees - victims of political instability.