1998 0-7734-8485-X This volume tells the story, largely unknown, of a major figure in French engineering and engineering education through the Revolutionary, Napoleonic and Bourbon periods to the first years following the revolution of 1830. Prony is best-known today for creating a massive collection of mathematical tables in the 1790s, the largest ever compiled; and for the dynamometer for measuring the work-rate of waterwheels and related hydraulic machines. He was also a founder-professor of mathematics at the École Polytechnique, and director of the École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, exercising much influence on the national body of civil engineers. This volume not only describes Prony's life and work, but presents selections (in French) of the many manuscripts Prony left behind. Prony is an example of the ingénieur savant, the scientist concerned with both teaching and research in engineering issues.
2005 0-7734-5951-0 The period prior to the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars was one of intense industrial espionage. Daniel Lescallier was one of France’s most influential spies, his main aim being to obtain information about the British navy. The context is the story of Daniel Lescallier and his other similar missions. The background is the history of the transfer of industrial technology and military secrets from England to the Continent during the eighteenth century.