About the author: Laura Martin was educated at Eckerd College, the University of Georgia, the Georgia Institute of Technology, Emory University, and abroad at the universities of Freiburg i. Br., Gottingen and Laval. She received her PhD from Emory Univer2000 0-7734-7809-4
This study shows how the works in question (Goethe’s “Die pilgernde Törin”; Kleist’s “Die Marquise von O. . .”, Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, and James’s Daisy Miller) can appeal to the reader who identifies a message friendly towards woman and her plight, whether this ‘message’ can be considered a part of the author’s intention or not. These works, through mere description of the impossibility of women characters’ situations without any prescription for change, can often be found to carry meanings more critical of the status quo than at first may seem the case. Such an interpretation often goes against the tradition of criticism that has built up around the works, but it is based on concrete evidence in the text.