Udy, John M.1991 0-7734-9652-1
Planning is a new, highly complex profession that has achieved considerable success and gained the confidence of the public. If the profession is to build on this success it must reject the narrow conservatism of the professional associations and the short-sighted radicalism of the progressives. This study shows the need to go outside the planning profession to learn from professions that focus on the range of human choices, be they individual (psychology) or group choices (cultural history). Armed with their insights, a "Matrix" of Planners is established for ordering the sixteen types of planner that are here defined and differentiated.1995 0-7734-8958-4
After acknowledging the veracity (but inapplicability) of the Eternal Values, and examining Utilitarianism and Public Policy as possible value indicators, the author recognizes Equality, (through the promotion of Information, Participation, Coordination, and Community), Life (through the application of nine criteria), Liberty, (through the balancing of reciprocal values), and the Pursuit of Happiness (in planning terms), as the sound value bases for urban and regional planning.