Dr. Jo Ann Parkerson is a Professor of Education at Methodist College, Fayetteville, NC, where she is the Coordinator of the Elementary Education Program. She earned her doctorate in Curriculum and Instruction from the University of South Carolina. Her specialities include Educational Research and Evaluation, Instructional Technology, and the History of Education. She has published articles in Social Science History, Journal of Educational Psychology and The Journal of Creative Behavior.
1998 0-7734-8349-7 This study examines the social, historical roots of the primary school movement in the rural north at mid-19th century and the critical support that a new class of commercial farmers provided for that important social experiment. Drawing on theories of class development and the writings of early school reformers, teachers and educators, they demonstrate that the curriculum and pedagogy of the common school reflected the values of the emergent market economy. Examining two primary agricultural classes (commercial farmers and yeomen), the study finds dramatic differences in school attendance, marital fertility, and family structure. Uses a variety of primary sources including NY State census population manuscripts of 1855 and 1865 linked to the agricultural census; US Census of 1860 examined from household, individual, township perspectives; 19th century agricultural press; farmers' diaries and letters; teacher pedagogies and primary readers from the period. This work links the methodology and substantive focus of social and educational history to the literature on the market revolution in the US.