Dr. Di Xu is the Assistant Dean for the Center of Chinese Studies at the University of Hawai'i at M?noa. She earned her Ed.D. from Harvard Graduate School of Education in 1992. Dr. Xu Di’s main research interests are in areas of Educational foundations (sociology, history, and philosophy), teacher education, curriculum and instruction, methodologies, multicultural and international education. She is particularly involved in teacher education reform and K-20 reforms in U.S. China, and other countries in the world.1992 0-7734-9799-4
This study compares the educational ideas and implementations of Dewey and Mao from 1919 to 1981 in the context of Chinese modern history. The differences between them, on whether school is society or society is school, whether class character should be embodied in moral education, and whether intellectuals are leaders or mere followers in social transformation, highlight the most fundamental debates in education, still unsettled today. Their similarities in emphasizing the connection between school and society, the role of experience in learning, and of morality in schooling illuminate the essential issues in modern education. The interweaving of their differences and similarities offers us intriguing and provocative insights for education today and tomorrow.