Subject Area: Pacifist Studies & World Peace
This fascinating retrospective historical and political study is based on the premise that the knowledge of historical facts is important to a proper understanding of present day world conflicts and also those that may develop in the future. It offers real solutions for the resolution of those conflicts.
This book searches the development of Judaism, Christianity and Islam to provide reasons for the hatred of a faction of the Islamic world toward the West in general, and the United States in particular. It examines the possibility that the roots of this animosity are the result of the historical interactions between these three Abrahamic religions and more fundamentally the result of corruption of the original message of each religion.2000 0-7734-7765-9
This revised edition contains a new introduction by the author.
This book describes the significant and previously undervalued contribution made by women to pacifist thought in this century. The work begins with an analysis of the set of beliefs underlying Bismarckian military doctrine, and goes on to contrast militarism with the pacifism of such prominent thinkers as Maude Royden, Simone Weil, Virginia Woolf, Sophie Scholl, Helen Keller, and Christa Wolf. The result is a fuller and more balanced account of pacifist thought, which is imbued with a vision of men and women working together in the common cause of humanity.2016 1-4955-0421-2
This study gives us a different perspective of how 20th Century American history looks when we examine it through the lens of the organized peace movements that occurred, their history, leadership, organizational base and their long tradition of concern for social justice which has led to significant political and social reform in America.2007 0-7734-5342-3
A Quaker farm woman and young man raised in the Panama Canal zone joined forces at the University of Iowa in 1939 and set out to make the world more peaceful. Lillian and George Willoughby resettled European refugees in the late 1930s, relocated interned Japanese-Americans when World War II broke out, and served as conscientious objectors during the war. They protested nuclear weapons in the 1950s. They promoted integration of the races, preservation of open spaces, and new ways of communal living. They opposed the Vietnam War and participated in peace walks, one of which reached Moscow. Despite the normal stresses on marital and family life, they worked increasingly as a tem, developing nonviolence training workshops, based on Gandhian principles, which they took to India and other countries in Asia. In the new millennium, they have continued their ministries, and engaged in the new social issues: nonviolent peacekeeping in Central America and Sri Lanka, protection of open spaces, and opposition to the violence of the War on Drugs as well as the real war on Iraq. They participated fully in this, their authorized biography, during a time when Lillian, at 88, faced jail for her antiwar activities. This book contains 11 color photographs and 11 black and white photographs.2002 0-7734-7137-52008 0-7734-5081-5
This work examines the relationship between religion and protest on the Japanese island of Okinawa by analyzing the intertwining of various religious beliefs, colonialism, and politics in the region.1997 0-7734-2823-22008 0-7734-5109-9
This book explores the tension between American desires for Europeans to share more of the defense burden without having to give up its leadership role and the European desires for greater defense autonomy without having to devote more resources toward military capabilities. It addresses the inadequacies of systemic international relations theories in explaining why the US supported a potentially competitive system with NATO. In addition, the study focuses on variables at the domestic level, such as fragmented political systems, divergent threat perceptions, and international relations in explaining US behavior toward European defense systems during these two discrete periods of time.1992 0-7734-9945-8
This study selected an extensive sampling of authors to examine possible associations between an author's recent social position and his perspective on student unrest. It is also an in-depth examination of the selected literature. The authors chosen were somewhat involved or on the scene, and had written on the student unrest within a time frame close to the event. Concepts from the general area of the sociology of knowledge were used as a method of reviewing the literature, and the same method was relevant to the examination of student unrest.2000 0-7734-7767-5
Examining counterproliferation as a global phenomenon, the authors use an in-depth analysis of the Counterproliferation Initiative to develop a theoretical model of counterproliferation for the 21st century. Arguing that existing counterproliferation policy is the product of bureaucratic competition, the authors propose several modifications of existing policy. In the second half of the book, they use four case studies (Cuban Missile Crisis, Persian Gulf War, Osirak Reactor Raid, and Sudan) to identify factors that might contribute to an effective counterproliferation strategy. More specifically, the authors explore the relationship between the strength of an intelligence-gathering apparatus and the successful or unsuccessful elimination of weapons of mass destruction. The study concludes with observations and limited predictions regarding the future of counterproliferation.1996 0-7734-8894-4
This study traces the activity of an important civil liberties coalition which developed in response to the 1919-1920 Red Scare, a time when national and state governments used the fear of Russian Communism to justify persecution of left-wing organizations, and mass deportation of suspect radical aliens. The threats to freedom of speech and due process of law were so severe that influential people organized a loose but highly effective civil liberties movement to block passage of draconian sedition laws and rescue thousands of innocent aliens from deportation. The book examines the political strategy and follows its networking from the American Civil Liberties Union and Harvard Law School to the United States Department of Labor and federal courts. The historical narrative provides a basis for the development of a theory of opposition to cycles of political repression, the 'libertarian check,' and provides an opportunity to evaluate the strengths and limitations of civil liberties in the United States. No other studies have focused as closely on the multifaceted opposition to political and legal repression during this Red Scare period.2010 0-7734-3791-6
The book is about the representation of war in the plays of Anne Devlin, Marie Jones and Christina Reid. Cumulatively, the plays demonstrate a symbiotic relationship between war and gender, showing women’s response to war as complex and diverse. The work of these three playwrights suggests that women played a much bigger part in the conflict and in the post-conflict environment than has been acknowledged.1997 0-7734-2848-8
The destruction of compassion - 6th of August 1945: Hiroshima. A free-form verse play.2003 0-7734-6589-82002 0-7734-6901-X
This book contributes to the scholarship on nuclear strategy by proposing an alternative strategy to both current U.S. nuclear strategy which emphasizes speed of attack, and critical recommendations that urge decoupling U.S. nuclear weapons from delivery vehicles. It advocates adopting instead a U.S. nuclear operational doctrine of delayed retaliation.2001 0-7734-7429-32006 0-7734-5651-1
This book explores the extent to which Ham Sŏkhŏn’s Quaker involvement affected his approach to Korean Reunification Theology (KRT), and the degree to which elements of KRT can be located within Quaker Peace Testimony (QPT). For this, QPT, Ham’s ideas of peace, and KRT are explored in turn, and in particular Ham’s ideas of peace are considered as a bridge between QPT and KRT.
It is suggested that the twentieth-century QPT was peace-centric, tolerant, and based in pluralism clearly different from the nineteenth century anti-war testimony. It is argued that liberal Quakerism influenced the shifts of QPT. Conscientious Objection and relief are considered as concrete expressions of the twentieth century QPT.
Ham S?kh?n’s ideas of peace are analyzed in terms of three key ideas: pacifism, non-violence and the minjung. It is argued that Ham’s Christian pacifism was awakened by the QPT and it stimulated Ham’s ideas of peace. It is also suggested that Ham’s Quaker experience was parallel to his pacifist practice. The book explores the thought that Ham’s ideas of reunification are based on his ideas of peace, and that they influence KRT. Five reunification theologians’ thinking and key ideas are explored and then Ham’s influence on them is considered. It is suggested that QPT and Ham’s ideas of peace share common ground in their ideas of pacifism, non-violence and humanitarianism (of the minjung), and that KRT was influenced by Ham’s ideas of reunification particularly in regard to his ideas of peace. Consequently, connection between the QPT and KRT can be considered through Ham’s ideas of peace.
This book proves that there is a connection between parts of QPT, Ham’s ideas of peace and KRT, provides an original contribution to knowledge, and increases the academic understanding of both Ham’s life and thought, and the nature of KRT.2012 0-7734-2569-1
A historical analysis of the how various American religious groups responded to the Vietnam war, both in support and in opposition.2004 0-7734-6563-4
This massive, two-volume work is an extensive survey of the interactions between organized religions and war from the Exodus to Gulf War II. The major emphases are on Judaism, Christianity and Islam, with additional chapters on Hinduism, Buddhism, and sections on Shinto, Quakerism, and others. It will attract scholars in a variety of disciplines: peace studies, religion, history, and political science.2004 0-7734-6561-8
This massive, two-volume work is an extensive survey of the interactions between organized religions and war from the Exodus to Gulf War II. The major emphases are on Judaism, Christianity and Islam, with additional chapters on Hinduism, Buddhism, and sections on Shinto, Quakerism, and others. It will attract scholars in a variety of disciplines: peace studies, religion, history, and political science.2005 0-7734-6017-9
This work is a scholarly analysis of the evolution of the modern American peace movement. It contains the writings of some of the foremost scholars in the field. Among the contributors are the late Pulitzer Prize-winning historian, Merle Curti, as well as prize-winners Charles Chatfield and Lawrence S. Wittner. This volume is arranged chronologically, and offers fresh perspectives on how the peace movement shed its pre-World War I elitism while, at the same time, transforming itself from one of opposing war to one of proclaiming the need for social, political, and economic justice. The tragedies of World War I represent a major turning point in the movement's history. The essays selected detail the changes which took place within the movement to the advent of the 21st century. Included in this anthology are scholarly discussions about the influence of liberal pacifism, the evolution from nonviolent passive nonresistance to direct action, and efforts to build a safe world through crusades against racism, gender inequality, and environmental awareness. The work also contains an historiographical essay by the editor detailing the large body of literature that now exists on peace history in American society. The purpose of this work is to highlight how the study of peace history has captured the attention of those studying various aspects of American military, diplomatic, and social history. Indeed, peace movement activism in the last half of the twentieth century may very well represent the greatest social movement of our times.2008 0-7734-5092-0
Drawing upon a wide array of primary and secondary sources, this study explores the efforts of peace activists and organizations in their efforts to remake American society. More than an examination of the antiwar movement in United States history, the work is an extensive survey of the struggle for peace and justice. This book contains twenty-six black and white photographs.2007 0-7734-5217-6
This study explores in literalism and inerrancy as the interpretive basis of some Jewish, Christian and Muslim justifications of acts of violence. In the end, an argument is made, on historical, scriptural, moral and theological grounds, rejecting Holy War as a perversion of God’s creation.2007 0-7734-5548-5
Though the wise know that history will inevitably repeat itself, mankind keeps on making the same mistakes. It is never an easy task to write about war and religion, and Dr. Jacques G. Ruelland has managed to do so clearly and without prejudice. Through his exposé of the holy wars, this philosopher-historian traces a not-so-holy picture of civilization by analyzing the semantics of “sacredness” inherent to monotheistic religions. With the compassionate eye of the humanist, he helps us understand the origins of the justifications of wars waged in the name of the Almighty. Will we ever learn to eradicate this ancient practice? Not really, the historian believes, unless humanity can succeed in redefining the very notion of peace by assigning a new mission to science which would, ultimately, be dedicated to its real and ever-lasting pursuit.2004 0-7734-6311-9
Through comparative analysis of the reactions of Kazakhstan’s Germans and Koreans to the emergence of an independent Republic of Kazakhstan, this book enhances understanding of firstly, the conflicting dynamics of socio-political integration in post-Soviet space; secondly the role played by “kin-states” in the creation or negation of “return myths,”; and thirdly, the significance of small-scale homelands in the process of de-and re-territorializing identity. The analysis in this study combines library/archival research with survey and interview data from the late independence period (1996-2002) in an effort to elucidate the interactive nature of place, power, and identity.2007 0-7734-5378-4
This book provides an English translation of philosopher Heimo Hofmeister’s book, Der Wille zum Krieg, oder die Ohnmacht der Politik
, which traces the connection between war and the individual or group awareness of differences among ‘others’ which leads to inevitable and serious disagreement. Analyzing the relations of strength, force and power on the one hand and state, politics and war on the other, Hofmeister shows that while conflict is inevitable, war is not. Ironically, the same diversity that exists among humanity and the conflicts that arise from the awareness of such are just as much the foundation of harmony, friendship and love as they are that of war and hate.2002 0-7734-7304-11992 0-7734-9590-8
The orthodox view that a treaty is an agreement between States has been seriously challenged by the growing practice of international organizations in the post World War II period. In responseto this, an International Convention was concluded in Vienna in 1986 under the auspices of the United Nations. The Convention presents a valuable contribution to the codification and progressive development of international law in two important fields: the law of treaties, and the legal status of international organizations. This study is based on the Convention, against the background of existing customary law, and is both a valuable textbook and, more significantly, a practical guide book for statesmen and foreign service personnel throughout the world.1996 0-7734-8755-7
This study examines, analyzes, and determines the legitimacy in international law of the denial by nation-states of human rights to aliens and minorities by means of detention and/or internment of individuals or groups deemed to represent a threat to national security. Analysis of the domestic policies of certain states will determine to what extent they have modified their practices to comply with contemporary developments in international rights law. The method of research has involved an in-depth study and analysis of documents and all international, regional, bilateral, and multilateral agreements relating to human rights legislation. Nation-states analyzed are the USSR, China, Iran, Chile, Israel, South Africa, and Northern Ireland.2001 0-7734-7637-7
This study, written from an anthropological standpoint, focuses on women’s lives in Northern Ireland. It examines the lives and work of a range of women, and illustrates some of the historical and political backdrop. It discusses a number of women’s initiatives in the voluntary sector to illustrate the work they are doing to achieve a peaceful outcome to the age-old problems. Interviews were conducted with women, ecumenical groups, Belfast City Council Members, Ian Paisley, Jerry Adams, and human rights activists. The book will interest those in women’s studies, peace studies, and Irish studies.1990 0-88946-094-9
Details the life and times of Lucia Ames Mead, a writer, literature teacher, leading female pacifist, and transitional figure whose thinking foreshadowed later ideas on propaganda. Fills a lacuna in the scant historical coverage of the American peace movement, especially of female participants therein.2005 0-7734-6093-4
The traditional understanding of strategic stability, as a condition wherein adversarial states refrain from waging a strategic war, is in the first place flawed as it conflates the concept with the wider issue of causes of war, it places too great an emphasis on arms racing and crisis management, and it has focused too much on nuclear strategy. This study situates the concept directly with the phenomena of accidental or inadvertent wars, and proposes an understanding of strategic stability as a condition wherein policy-makers do not feel pressured into knee-jerk decisions concerning the use of military force. This study proposes a framework of conventional strategic stability. It includes a geographic and strategic cultural milieu that frames the processes by which policy-makers and strategic planners identify and assess the threat posed by potential adversaries. It directs attention away from armaments to other military-strategic factors such as interpretations of strategic doctrines and intelligence and early warning processes. Finally, drawing from the Clausewitzian politics-war paradigm, it focuses on how domestic and external political conditions provide clues as to how and why strategic stability either maintains or fails, because decisions for war are ultimately political in nature.2010 0-7734-3588-3
This study demonstrates that from 1960-1990 Nigerian foreign policy goals were to a large degree based on the country’s participation in peacekeeping operations. This book contains four black and white photographs.1982 0-88946-964-4
Eleven original essays on non-violence according to the Old Testament, the New Testament, and Christian leaders/theologians.1990 0-88946-589-41995 0-7734-2283-8
This study of Muelder's pacifism and its relation to his social ethics is an important contribution to the analysis and assessment of both phenomena as they developed in this century. As dean of the leading Methodist School of Theology, Boston University, Muelder was always asking hard questions concerning the social implications of denominational doctrine. He discussed the importance of not permitting science and technology to outdistance ethical considerations. He applied the Boston Personalist tradition to contemporary social issues, sharpened his democratic socialist and pacifist approach to the resolution of conflict. He emphasized the tensional, or dialectical, unity of theory of practice, the search for emergent coherence, and the interdisciplinary nature of religious ethics.1994 0-7734-9256-9
This book demonstrates that, under contemporary principles of international law, war is an illegal institution in the international relations between States. War myths and fallacious doctrines meant to show the necessity of war are refuted and their falsehood and absurdity demonstrated. Also, it is established that the distinguished philosophers, political and social thinkers as well as statesmen, Eastern and Western, ancient and modern, consider war as a calamity or as a crime. All the documents concerning war from the establishment of the League of Nations to September 30, 1992 are also analyzed.1988 0-88946-102-3
Essays arising from the first International Conference on Social Philosophy, which addressed some of the most important issues facing humankind at the end of the 20th century: justice; freedom; power; equality; privacy; conscience vs. law; technology and changing values; population; business ethics; nuclear war; violence; terrorism; and peace.
Social Philosophy Today No.11996 0-7734-8910-X* Winner of CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title
This volume is intended to be a comprehensive demonstration of the relevance of regime theory to issues of peace.1996 0-7734-8912-6* Winner of CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title
This volume is intended to be a comprehensive demonstration of the relevance of regime theory to issues of peace.1989 0-88946-595-9
The first comprehensive scholarly analysis of the subject of the unification of Korea. Presents a systematic way to consider the unification issue from theoretical and practical aspects and in the light of the future.2003 0-7734-6614-2
This book is an historical study about the convening and subsequent failures of naval disarmament treaty conferences during the 1920s and 1930s. It shows the pre-existing unwillingness of major naval powers to relinquish their large navies – no matter the cost – because of their mutual distrust. The monograph examines the roles of the politicians, diplomats, and naval hierarchies, weaving the human element into the study of naval doctrine and technology, world events, and the influence of these factors upon the treaties. The book examines why naval disarmament failed, alluding to issues such as isolationism, failure of diplomacy, old grudges, lack of substantive communication, and non-existence of supervision mechanisms necessary to safeguard disarmament treaties. It concludes by briefly looking at what has happened to naval disarmament since World War II.2012 0-7734-2940-9
Written in response to the Bush Administration’s aggressive rhetoric previous to and during the Iraq War, this book addresses the key issues relating to Precautionary Principles on defense policies regarding pre-emptive war. Policymakers in the West seem prone to use these tactics when they feel there is certainly an outside threat to national security, and even when the threat is miniscule, after 9/11 American leaders in particular seem to err on the side of caution. Knowing the difference between a certain threat, a risky pre-emptive attack, and uncertainty could have informed public debate in significant ways. This theory is necessary now more than ever because our world system faces new and unknown threats that must be mediated by an international order.2010 0-7734-3751-7
These sermons address specific questions pertaining to early twenty-first century American life, from the Great Recession to the war in Iraq. Each sermon demonstrates how the gospel contests uncritical faith in political and military power.2002 0-7734-6930-3
This collection provides a text that examines the views and parameters of peace activism by both famous and little-known African-American leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr., Paul Robeson, E. Franklin Frazier, Gloria Richardson, Septima P. Clark, and Ella Baker. These documents, most of which are reprinted in full, outline the wide range of approaches, ideas, and philosophies various Black Americans used to generate an antiwar campaign, question the use of violence around the world, and call attention to the emergence of international racism and social intolerance during the late 19th through the 20th centuries.2007 0-7734-5305-9
The various scholarly contributions which make up this volume combine a history of the development of the United Nations with a discussion of some of the most pertinent issues on the international agenda: terrorism, peacekeeping, human rights, and the Millennium Development Goals. This study will appeal to those interested in a comprehensive understanding of the organizational flaws and potential of the United Nations in the twenty-first century.2005 0-7734-6209-0
After the horrific terrorist attacks of September 11,2001 on New York, Washington D.C. and Pennsylvania which resulted in the unprecedented destruction of the World Trade Center, the Pentagon and the murder of several thousand people from eighty-seven countries, President George W. Bush proclaimed a national emergency and issued an executive order which for the first time in United States history permits the government to hold and prosecute by military commission stateless members of a terrorist organization in an undeclared war.
The study examines the nature and purpose of military commissions in American history that provides the context for their role as anticipated by the Bush Administration. It further examines the role of the President as Commander-in-Chief under Article II of the United States Constitution to issue his military orders on military commissions in an age of international terrorism, and the principal substantive procedures issued by the Pentagon to make the commissions fully operational. The study addresses the pivotal role of the United States Supreme Court in deciding landmark national security cases that could well test the very foundation of the balance of power in American government and considers the Administration's authority to declare American citizens as "enemy combatants" and detain them indefinitely without trial; and to hold non-citizen enemy combatants at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba without the opportunity to challenge the basis for their detention in any court of the United States. Finally the study considers whether the war on terror is of such a nature as to warrant expansion of the exercise of war power by the political branches of government. Critical long-term issues that impact on balancing civil liberties with national security interests are identified that must be addressed by the Congress and the Executive in confronting the continuing war on terrorism post-September 11.2001 0-7734-7545-1
This work is intended to stimulate research in the field of Strategic Studies, with special emphases on the main subjects of that discipline: peace, diplomacy, defense, disarmament, and international security. This compendium provides the scholars with high quality resource materials.2008 0-7734-5126-9
This study examines the causal relationship among pre and intra-dispute information and decision-makers’ decisions in determining the evolution of militarized disputes. Revealing that pre-dispute information is related to intra-dispute decision-making, this work serves as a guide for leaders during times of militarized disagreements by gearing them toward empirical modeling to incorporate analytical accounts into historical events.1997 0-7734-8543-0
The first part of this volume consists of transcripts of an interview held in 1978. A second interview in 1995 brings the story up to date. The second part of the volume, excerpts of his intimate memories of Gandhi, gives glimpses of his unusual childhood and adolescence in Gandhi's ashrams. In the third and fourth parts are collected materials from his writings that reveal Narayan's thoughts, reveal him as a nonviolent trainer, and provide two breathtaking accounts of his adventures: an encounter with a rogue elephant, and an air-crash. A glossary of Indian terms, prepared by Narayan himself, the list of books written by him, and the index will be of interest to scholars.2003 0-7734-6848-X
The Act of State Doctrine holds that a state is legally supreme within its own boundaries and its sovereign is wholly immune to the judgments of other nations. The acts that the sovereign power’s agents perform as part of their official duties and responsibilities cannot be called into question in the courts of another nation. If a state possesses not final and complete power over its own territory and citizens it is a dependency, a colony, or an occupied area. As nations moved into the modern world nations began to have second thoughts about maintaining and supporting sovereign absolutism. This study investigates past, current, and emerging meanings of the act of state doctrine. It also examines exceptions to the act of state doctrine.2004 0-7734-6403-4
This book is a collection of essays arising from the international conference The Legacy of the Holocaust: Teaching the Shoah that was held at the University of Nebraska at Omaha in 1999.
Hundreds of scholars and educators gathered for five days of seminars, workshops and academic sessions each of which addressed specific topics and pedagogies for teaching the Shoah. The essays selected for inclusion in this book represent the thoroughly developed views that a group of scholars/ educators advanced at the conference. Their contributions address major concerns of educators and scholars already established in the field, as well as those of individuals just venturing into the arena. Each essay explores a distinctive Shoah related topic, or proposes an innovative pedagogical approach for effectively presenting the Holocaust to students. This book would be of interest to any person engaged in the study of or research into the Holocaust, or for educators seeking innovative and proven classroom methods for teaching the subject.
There are two portions to this work: topics and topographies. The Topics section will afford close readings of a variety of Holocaust related subjects, many not commonly taught. The topics cross traditional disciplines and extend a complexity of issues arising from purely traditional considerations of the Shoah (i.e. historical, literary or cultural). Topographies introduce specific methodologies that educators have developed for teaching the Holocaust. Instead of dwelling on “tried and true” canonical practices, these contributors advance genuinely resourceful methods for presenting standard Holocaust texts. Contributions in both categories provide suggested reading and viewing lists, which for educators involved in the field, for students investigating the topic, or interested lay readers will prove invaluable.1989 0-88946-588-62010 0-7734-3857-2
This collection of essays examines how Virginia Woolf’s feminism, pacifism and understanding of war influenced her literary output on the topic.1998 0-7734-8254-72003 0-7734-6581-2
This book examines the interplay between political values and the health and stability of today’s liberal democracies. It examines a set of core political values by drawing on the insights and arguments of leading political theorists past and present. The new democracies are represented by Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico, and the established democracies by Germany, Norway, Sweden, and the United States. The study uses data from the 1990 and 1995-7 World Values Surveys. Statistical analyses provide strong support for the theoretical claims of John Rawls and others that such liberal virtues as tolerance, trust, independence, and responsibility are conducive to democratic stability and to a more robust version of citizenship that goes well beyond the unfettered pursuit of private interests. Instead, this study argues that individuals who score high on the index of liberal virtues are more likely to discuss politics, to participate in politics, to resist authority, to view democracy as the best form of governance, and to demand equality of opportunity for all. This bridging of classical normative theory and contemporary empirical analysis in this work represents a much-needed contribution to scholarship in both political theory and comparative politics.1997 0-7734-8640-2
This volume draws together essays which explore aspects of current theorising in International Relations. Each author expounds thoroughly on the work of a leading theories and examines critically not only the theoretical statement itself, but also the epistemological foundation of it. Theorists examined include: Susan Strange, John Burton, Andrew Linklater, James Der Derian, Mervyn Frost, William Connolly, and Richard Rorty. This book will be a valuable source to students of International Relations at both undergraduate and graduate levels who seek a thorough deconstruction of current theorists.2010 0-7734-3698-7
This inquiry is carried out in three interrelated parts. The first part explores the roots of ethnic conflict in the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda and analytically discusses the mechanisms and motivations that led to genocidal rape, ethnic cleansing and mass killings in these regions. It reveals and analyzes the dramatic and overwhelming relationship between national extremism, mass killings, and sexual violence in ethno-national conflicts.
The second part of this analysis establishes a framework for understanding the nature and contours of sexual violence through case-studies of systematic rape as an integral element of ethnic conflict and genocide in the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. It provides a critical view of the ideology of wartime sexual violence and wartime rape motivations as among the most destructive weapons of war, highlighting the historical invisibility of this crime in which women were, and still are, the major targets and most vulnerable victims.
Finally, part three of this volume discloses the equivocal role of the international community in managing the crisis. It addresses the ambiguous question of why the international community, represented by United Nations peacekeeping missions, was unable to prevent or to stop the mass killing and atrocities.1995 0-7734-9065-5
This study analyses, mainly through case studies, the nature, aims and impact of peace movements during the inter-war period (in Britain, France, and Germany), during World War II (in Britain, Holland, and Norway), and since 1945 (British peace movement and Falklands War, American Anti-Vietnam War movement, and an evaluation of the official peace movement in the GDR). These highly original case studies are preceded by essays which address general questions concerning the nature of, and reasons for, the failure of peace movements; their achievements; their social dynamics. The authors are leading historians and scholars of the peace movement and some have been actively involved in it. Their critical analysis of the past experience is a vital contribution to future peace-making efforts.2008 0-7734-5062-9
This is the first work of its kind to specifically examine the use of the United States veto in the United Nations Security Council in reference to the Arab-Israeli conflict. Thus, the book fills the void in the historiography and it provides interested parties with a new way of examining a conflict that has recently entered its ninth decade since the publication of the Balfour Declaration.1998 0-7734-8256-3
This analysis explores political, legal, operational and financial aspects of applying verification in the context of UN arms embargoes. This book focuses on the lessons learned from the monitoring experience, particularly the recent cases of Iraq and the former Yugoslavia, and offers specific recommendations for improving verification regimes in the future.1989 0-88946-587-82003 0-7734-6556-1
This collection brings together a number of papers that throw light on and engage timely and important ethical issues facing humanity in the 21st century: war, revolution, political assassination, terrorism and counter-terrorism, humanitarian military intervention, nuclear deterrence and the Missile Defense Shield; genocide, and the quest for peace. In addition to the ethical issues considered, the study also critically examines pertinent international legal aspects of these issues