Subject Area: Nigeria
Using a folkloric perspective, this book is an ethnographic study of the tools, artifacts, and other expressions of the material culture of literacy as it is found in the clerics' diverse activities within the context of the Hausa society in northern Nigeria. This study fills a gap in African data by addressing how informational, magical, as well as aesthetic potentials of the written word have been adapted in local contexts. Explores the origins of the diverse roles and types of malams (represented primarily by malaman Qur'ani and malaman ilmi). The history and origin of the current calligraphic styles adapted and developed by the Hausa malams are investigated as a guide to understanding calligraphic designs and writings on manuscripts, charms, amulets, Qur'anic boards, architectural decorations, and other artifacts. Field research was conducted primarily in Kano, but also in Zaria, Sokoto, and other cities and rural areas in northern Nigeria. Archival, museum, and library research was conducted in Nigeria, England , and the United States.1991 0-88946-235-6
This study examines the complexity of the nature and outcome of the Biafra War. This is a wide-ranging rigorous discourse which demonstrates the alienation imperative of the Western-created post-Colonial state. The author argues that this state is historically flawed and does not serve the interests of the African peoples. He contends instead that a post-post-Colonial state evolving from internal African conditions and priorities offers Africa the way forward to avoid horrendous conflicts such as Biafra.1998 0-7734-8351-9
This study contains a rich mixture of analytical ideas and views, and recommends reconstruction of the neo-colonial state as an effective way to deal with this pervasive institution. It examines corruption from a public choice perspective, providing policy-makers with more effective ways to deal with this important development obstacle. Part of the book deals with corruption in colonial Africa (specific emphasis on Nigeria), a neglected area in the literature.1992 0-7734-9501-1
This study makes the point that foreigners who have come in contact with Africans, whether as missionary, teacher, colonial administrator, or trader have often underestimated the extent to which the African cultural ethos rules the African mind. Modernizing efforts in Africa are based on assumptions which seek rapid transformations into the ways of another cultural ethos. An examination into the content, structure and symbolic notions of the African ethos will unearth those aspects which are in conflict with, and those which are in favour of, modernizing tendencies. This orientation sheds light on the problems that inhibit stability and development in Africa.2005 0-7734-6162-0
Few studies have examined the cultural reflections and the role of advertising in the national development of Nigerian or other African countries. This study, which explored the meaning of development, the debate on the role of culture and mass media on social modernization, African political economy as well as Nigerian history, politics, economic and communication development efforts, serves as an attempt to bridge that gulf. The study focused on the role of advertising in the process of social mobilization and modernization in Nigeria by examining the cultural reflections, the nature and characteristics of the messages, and the values and symbols conveyed in Nigerian mass media advertisements. In order to accomplish the task, the study used content and ideological analyses to analyze 500-plus advertisements published or aired in the last quarter of 1998 and the first quarter of 1999.
The study’s findings demonstrated the difficulty of ascertaining the role of the mass media including advertising on a nation’s social, economic and national development and modernization. However, some of the conclusions drawn from the exploration could be summarized as follows: (1) The Nigerian government as well as native-owned enterprises and public corporations do not use advertising adequately to promote their goods and services; (2) Nigerian advertisers used both Western or traditional African cultural values, but neither of them dominated the other; (3) Developmental themes were found in Nigerian mass media advertisements, but they tended to concentrate on individual instead of group goals as traditional African value system dictates; (4) The nature and target(s) of advertisements in Nigerian mass media demonstrated that the Nigerian economy is distorted and underdeveloped; (5) The underdeveloped nature is clearly demonstrated because the majority of consumer products and services advertised in Nigeria were of foreign origin and mostly non-essential; (6) The products advertised often targeted the elites because the Nigerian masses could not afford them; (7) Financial advertisements were the most dominant products and services of Nigerian origin; (80 Broadcast advertisements seemed to be more “democratic” than print advertisements because they promoted more products and services that the average Nigerian could afford.
This study demonstrated that advertising holds both promises and problems for Nigerian economic and social development. Its promises deal with its ability to relay useful information on social issues and on the availability of goods and services to the masses. On the other hand, the problems deal with its ability to promote unfair competition, consumerism, lack of interest in social matters, and immoral attitudes, which could distort the economy or undermine traditional values and national economy. However, advertising should be encouraged, not discouraged. It could be monitored by practitioners and government officials in order to make the medium an effective vehicle for promoting goods and services as well as values that would assist the socioeconomic development of Nigeria. Advertising remains an important vehicle for the various tiers of Nigerian government to use for promoting their services and for explaining national issues in order to promote national integration and the social welfare of the masses.
The use of advertising to promote socioeconomic development could be achieved by adopting “developmental advertising.” The idea calls for the incorporation of relevant cultural values and developmental themes in product and service advertisements by the private and public sectors. The goal is to help public corporations and businesses in marketing their products and services, thus enabling Nigeria’s economic and social growth. It could assist Nigerians to adopt useful modernization habits.1996 0-7734-8833-2
This volume describes the political organization of the Kyadya state as it existed in 1857, then examines the subjugation of the Kyadya by the Fulani-controlled administration of Bida Emirate. It covers the reaction of Kyadya to the new political order - the Kyadyan resistance which led to the Ganigan war in which the Kyadya were defeated. This led to their later support of the RNC forces and subsequent defeat of Bida. Though the Kyadya were made independent of Bida, they were brought under the authority of the RNC, which marked the final stage of the collapse of the Kyadya state. It then deals with the era of colonial administration which reduced Kyadya to a mere district of Bida Emirate. This is one of the few works available on this under-researched area of Nigeria.2000 0-7734-7881-7
This study examines the constraints of the international system’s structure on the domestic and international behavior of less-developed states in general and Nigeria in particular. Contributes to the debates on the relationships between domestic and external sources of foreign policy. Focusing on economic diplomacy, it explicates the nature of political economy on foreign policy processes.1992 0-7734-9214-3
The areas of focus include traditional methods of food processing, cassava-processing technology in the contemporary period, textile technology, and pedagogy and science teaching in Nigeria. There is also a specific focus on gender and technology. The text concentrates on the historical dimension but approaches the subject in the context of multidisciplinary interpretation.2015 1-4955-0324-0
This study contends that democracy and political change is deeply rooted in the mass media’s ability to become a major agent of political socialization that was capable of mobilizing local populations into changing longstanding African attitudes about politics and election outcome behaviors.1990 0-88946-173-21997 0-7734-8655-0
Many ethnographers and anthropologists have written about traditional medicine in Africa as if it were one coherent system. This volume argues that though the Islamic and the pre-Islamic Hausa medical systems have by now many things in common, their theoretical and conceptual frameworks are different. They operate from different understandings of the causes of disease and misfortune, and the appropriate methods to be employed to restore health or alleviate suffering. It also discusses another significant difference between the Islamic and non-Islamic Hausa medical systems: the mode of preserving and communicating medical knowledge. For a thorough understanding of the interaction between these two medical traditions in Hausaland, the early history of Islamic medicine is described, and its theories, concepts, and developments through the centuries are explored.1992 0-7734-9457-X
Beginning with a general survey of the politics of Nigeria's Second Republic which was overthrown by the military in December 1984, this volume undertakes a rigorous examination of the socio-economic and political programmes of the two military administrations: the Buhari and Babangida regimes. The text contends that the Babangida regime's International Monetary Fund-sponsored `Structural Adjustment Economic Programme' has had a devastating effect on the Nigerian economy. Contends that it has radically increased the levels of the country's net-capital transfers to the West, fuelled spiralling inflation, depressed local production particularly in industrial enterprises, and created mass unemployment. Finally, the book casts doubt on the democratic character of the military regime's `transitional' process to the restoration of civilian government in 1992, which has been a crucial arena of regime diktat and subterfuge.2012 0-7734-2935-2
This book consists of the complete compiled transcriptions of a nineteenth-century Christian missionary in Nigeria. James Thomas was born into slavery, and then converted to Christianity. Later in his adult life he was transformed was rescued from slavery by a British anti-slave trade squadron. He was then turned into a Christian missionary who converted people and built churches in Nigeria. This book not only gives a rich history of certain regions of Nigeria in the nineteenth-century, it also shows how Christianity and the slave trade molded its history as well.
The book shows the history of the Nigerian Middle Belt, including the Niger-Benue Confluence area.
The author has compiled diaries and letters of James Thomas, a Church of England native missionary to Nigeria’s Niger-Benue Confluence area (or Upper Niger River). Transcribed are the letters and diaries from original archival sources and they are here provided with an introduction and annotations. As primary source documents they detail the career of James Thomas and his colleagues at their mission posts during about two decades of service.
They also provide information on the introduction of missionary Christianity to interior Nigeria. Some of the prospects and challenges that the missionary Christianization program faced in mid-nineteenth century Niger-Benue Confluence area of Nigeria are documented.
These letters and diaries open a revealing window onto the economic, political, cultural and social developments ongoing in the immediate vicinity and in the larger region of the Niger-Benue confluence area during the second half of the 19th century. There are glimpses into the early moments and the gradual process of the project of modernization to this part of Nigeria. James Thomas’s documents highlight the local and regional contexts of wars, displacement, and enslavement that various communities of Niger-Benue confluence area witnessed at this time. It shows how these processes were linked to the wider global currents that swept across both the Atlantic and the Sahara.2010 0-7734-3591-3
This work is a detailed study of the issues plaguing good governance in Nigeria. In addition to its analysis, the book offers prescriptions for establishing and sustaining effective state leadership.1998 0-7734-9842-7
This study brings us into the distinctive world of Nigerian oil workers in their daily confrontations with the neo-Colonial state and foreign capital. It reveals how oil workers devise and execute survival strategies against a very formidable alliance of a state which is almost totally dependent on oil rents, and oil corporations whose main operational motivation is the maximization of profits and control of the market.2011 0-7734-1506-8
This book examines religious liberty and characteristics of Christian (canonical), Islamic and Traditional marriages together with those of the Nigerian statutory marriage. The author establishes religious liberty and equality as being beneficial to both individuals and the state.2009 0-7734-4699-0
This book is a comprehensive analysis of the impacts of neoliberal reforms on the media and communications industries in Nigeria between 1999 and 2007, with the return of democratic governance to the country. It is the first book-length assessment of impacts of economic policy on media and communications industries in Nigeria.1994 0-7734-9130-91999 0-7734-8153-2
Evidence abounds in the research literature to show that wherever the Protestant and Catholic missionaries met in Africa, opposition, antagonism and rivalry flared between them. In Nigeria, missionary rivalry was even more intense. Education was an essential part of their ‘civilizing' mission because it was a way of winning converts, training Nigerian workers and catechists, and creating a Nigerian middle class. However, the rapid expansion of education, particularly in southern Nigeria, was actually the accidental outcome of missionary rivalry rather than the result of an altruistic policy to provide expanded educational opportunities for the Nigerian populace.1987 0-88946-180-5
Essays focusing particularly on new religions in the period of diversification and change that has elapsed since the civil war of 1967-1970.
". . . achieves a coherence that is not too common in a collection of its type." - West Africa1997 0-7734-8785-9
This work addresses the struggles and strategies applied by the civilian and military administrations to resolve the issue of political instability in Africa's most populous nation. It examines its political history as an entity before Britain colonized the area, and the constitutional developments since 1914 when Britain amalgamated the northern and southern regions to form modern Nigeria. In over three decades of sovereignty, the government has changed from civilian to military two times. It has experimented with the Westminster model and the American presidential system. They have not worked, and the military has been in power for over twenty-five years as a result of the failure of the political class to govern effectively. This book not only chronicles Nigeria's political saga since independence in 1960, but also provides possible solutions for the attainment of political stability.2003 0-7734-6688-61990 0-88946-171-6
A book that arose from debates in Nigeria's academic circles in the late 1970s on Nigeria's foreign policy under the two military regimes that preceded the second republic, with special emphasis on the question of whether Nigeria's foreign policy under the Muhammed/Obasanjo regime represented a continuation of or change from that of its predecessor, the Gowon regime.1990 0-88946-727-7
The first close reading of several fictive works that center on the period of the Nigerian Civil War. Critically examines the ideas of community identity through a stylistic and thematic interpretation of selected civil war writings, both fictional and non-fictional. The implicit structure of this three-part critique reflects a class-oriented social hierarchy. Theorizes that literature can, and in fact does, provide a strong vehicle for social thought.2010 0-7734-3588-3
This study demonstrates that from 1960-1990 Nigerian foreign policy goals were to a large degree based on the country’s participation in peacekeeping operations. This book contains four black and white photographs.1992 0-7734-9555-X
This study, a blend of theoretical and empirical scholarship, gives insight not only into Nigeria's recent political history but also into state/society relations, politics of press law, press history, and the sectional dimensions of press communication flow. A descriptive account of the Nigerian newspaper press as theatre and actor in the struggle for legitimated power in state and society from independence in 1960 to the fall of the Second Republic in 1983. Special emphasis is placed on the largely unreported and subterranean dimensions of press communication.1992 0-7734-9951-2
Begins with a sketch of precolonial Nigerian social structure and its accompanying labor relations to provide a basis for assessing the ways in which colonialism gave rise to new social, economic and political institutions as the industrialization processes unfolded. The post-independence social institutions reflect the persistence of colonial patterns. It is also in this context that the contemporary Nigerian port and dock workers' orientation to life, attitudes toward work, accumulation of wealth, independence, dependence, leisure, and aspirations, etc., are informed and shaped. The concept of work alienation faced by both worker groups enhances our understanding of some of the problems that confront the modern Nigerian working class.1995 0-7734-4240-5
This volume explains Nigeria's rural devastation, agricultural production instability, and perverse food supply responses in terms of the country's destabilizing oil drama. It is based on a study which explores how the sequence of events that started in the early 1970s and stretch up to the present day transformed the rural agrarian society, especially in the area of Egbema. It discusses the rural ramifications of the oil industry, the spectacular Nigerian boom, and the Nigerian Disease in the rural oil-producing society.2011 0-7734-1597-1
The civil war in Sierra Leone (1991-2002) killed hundreds of thousands of people and left Sierra Leone devastated economically. By examining the political economy of Sierra Leone, this book studies the causes of the civil war and offers economic solutions on how to prevent a future outbreak of violence. Significantly, the book takes on several controversial issues which many scholars tend to shy away from, including: ethnic rivalry, corruption, smuggling, drug trafficking, and most importantly the influence of political parties upon socio-economic policymaking. The book is of interest to graduate and undergraduate students interested in politics and economic development in Sierra Leone since its independence in 1961.1991 0-7734-9676-9
An in-depth assessment of the nature of partisan politics in Nigeria. Placing particular emphasis on the period generally referred to as the Second Republic, the book underscores the interaction between socio-political and economic forces in the country. It sets out to demonstrate how virtually all facets of Nigerian society have become highly politicized.2013 0-7734-4308-8
This fascinating ethnographic study investigates gendered power in contemporary Nigeria in order to provide an understanding of The Ondo Women’s War of 1985. Sanctioned by Ondo’s female chiefs in the name of their female king, this tax protest escalated into rebellion when ordinary women threatened the use of their ultimate weapon –their own nakedness. Focusing on a specific Yoruba case history, this book challenges many western feminist assumptions about women’s lack of status in Africa. 2004 0-7734-6259-7
This book investigates the relationship between Nigerian military governments and the Nigerian press in the context of press freedom over a period of twenty-three years. The largely historical legal study focuses on four objectives to wit: to examine the laws (decrees and edicts) which defined the limits of press freedom during military rule in Nigeria; to draw together in one document the pertinent Nigerian case law in the area of press freedom during military rule; to identify and analyze the institutional, legal and non-legal measures and mechanisms utilized by Nigerian military regimes in controlling the press; and to identify and analyze the socio-political factors that influenced or affected press freedom during military rule in Nigeria.2007 0-7734-5556-6
This book covers the modalities and strategies of the “re-founding” of Nigeria, relative to the political, socioeconomic and leadership challenges facing Nigeria and its prospects for rebirth in the twenty-first century. The book explores the idea that the African state can be re-founded, conditional on its ability to learn from its history, and that changes to the state are made before significant political, economic, and social development can take place.1995 0-7734-9049-3
PROTEST MOVEMENTS IN LAGOS, 1908-1930
This volume contains much new research, using new sources. The author has reconstructed the historical events of eight major protest movements in Lagos in the early nationalist period, illuminating many aspects of the conflicts between the different factions of the Lagos educated elite. The work includes a study of one protest led by the elite women with previously unreported women's groups. There is much biographical information about many lesser-known figures in Lagos politics. The book also draws parallels between the colonial period and the military governments of post-independence Nigeria.1999 0-7734-8034-X
This volume thoroughly and systematically investigates the relationship between radicalism and foreign policy in Nigeria, The argument is anchored in two interlocking and multifaceted angles: philosophical and policy. It brings into sharp focus the thinking and behavior of political groups (students and political parties) and of institutions (the military, the Ministry of External Affairs, intellectual elites and the press/public opinion). Part One focuses on theoretical discourse and analysis of the term ‘radicalism; Part two is concerned with practice and an examination of the impact of radicalism on the political process, on external relations and the institutions of foreign policy. Part Three focuses on policy more generally and specifically on periodic analysis and radical expectation, language and action. The concluding chapter reappraises the basis of foreign policy-making in Nigeria in view of the challenge to her corporate existence as a nation.1994 0-7734-9422-7
This book analyses the mechanism of the adaptation process, as well as the management of reform in Nigerian university curriculum from 1960-1992. In particular, it examines how Nigerian universities adopted the American university undergraduate curricular structure, and explores the parameters needed for effective management of such institutional transfer in developing countries. The National Policy on Education provided for a total reconstitution of Nigerian education, and a virtually complete departure from its British roots (argued as being inadequate in preparing graduates for effective employment in an increasingly diversified economy, and lacking in correlation between curricula and social reality).1992 0-7734-9724-2
Discusses the theme of change in Nigeria, constructed around the personality of MJP Koledade. A socio-historical study anchored within the conceptual frame of an incorporation process. First of its kind on any of the large communities in the Niger/Benue confluence area of Nigeria. It is the story of a self-made man who stamped his indelible imprint on the course of his people's history during a crucial period of transition; of a mission/church organization (SIM/ECWA) hitherto ignored by church historians; and of the little-known O'kun Yoruba people of the Niger/Benue confluence area.2007 0-7734-5336-9
This study reviews the Nigerian legal tradition before and after the advent of the British colonial administration. After gaining independence from British colonial rule, the government did not deviate from the established practice of the colonial administration in relation to the protection of the rights of the citizens. The only available channel for citizens to challenge arbitrary and capricious action of administrative officials is the ordinary courts of law. Justice in administrative areas under this arrangement often seems slow and wanting. Therefore, the military government instituted a commission of enquiry to analyze and find ways to improve the situation which recommended the establishment of the institution of the Ombudsman. In 1975, the Murtala military administration established the Public Complaints Commission as a supplement to the court system to correct flagrant disregard of basic standards of human rights by administrative officials.
During the eight years of its existence, the FCC has resolved an average of 1526 cases annually, and a comparative analysis of the activities of the ombudsman in other countries suggests that the FCC has resolved at least a respectable number of cases. Furthermore, a review of testimony by citizens also indicates that some sections of the population have come to recognize the activities of the FCC, On the whole, the FCC appears to have achieved some degree of success.
The study concludes further that the following developments have to occur in order to further enhance the impact of the FCC on grievance resolution. The FCC must become autonomous from the civil service structure, and provisions must be made to increase the legal powers and jurisdictional competence of the FCC, A vigorous publicity campaign must be mounted to keep the public abreast of the functions of the FCC. A team of competent, aggressive, and enterprising personnel must be attracted to the FCC to enhance efficiency and professionalism.1992 0-7734-9557-6
In science the areas of focus include mathematics, medicine, and the sociology of medicine as well as biologically-based warfare. In technology, iron, gold, diamond, and glass-making technologies dominate. Three of the cases of metallurgical development are centered on the pre-colonial periods. Chapters examine deficiencies and offer critical analysis of contemporary state policies in the areas of Nigeria and Zambia.2013 0-7734-3041-5
A fresh insight into the relationship between Scottish missionaries and the indigenous peoples in Africa which focuses on the outcomes of missionary activities in the process of imperial conquest and colonization among the Amasiri, of Ebonyi state in southeastern Nigeria.1991 0-7734-9631-9
The short stories in this volume are original and deal entirely with the culture of the traditional people of Nigeria. They include folkloric tales that have never been written down. Some are expressed in idioms, proverbs, and slang. It offers a rich legacy of the Nigerian people's culture1992 0-7734-9963-6
This work is a study of Nigerian drama from the eve of independence to the 80s with supportive materials from Nigeria's socio-political history. It examines the appropriateness and usage of the term "Nigerian Drama" and sets limits on its meaning. It also looks at what influences the Negritude movement and independence had on Nigerian drama, and why it is important to study Nigerian drama of socio-political concern. Examines pre-Colonial Nigeria, the style of politics and electioneering that marked the first Republic, the Marxist phenomenon in drama, the effects of the civil war, and the drama that resulted. Includes play synopses, biographies of playwrights, and glossary.1993 0-7734-9252-6
This study establishes a link between structure, policies and growth. Based on the structure of Nigeria, the book suggests economic policies suitable to the growth needs of the country. The policies are based on using the internal resources of the country for increasing growth of national income and employment. It also deals with political and social problems which may have impact on the economic development. Bribery and its effects on development are examined in detail, as are the political and economic factors responsible for creating problems in the Nigerian census of population.2008 0-7734-5175-7
This study examines the aesthetics of Igbo mask theatre in South-Eastern Nigeria. The author contextualizes this art in contemporary Igbo society, at a time of renewed global interest in the theater of masks. The implications of the theater’s association with new religions (Islam and Christianity) and the extant vestiges of a traditional religion that has changed beyond recognition.1989 0-88946-726-9
The first important work to analyze Nigeria's Yoruba drama, which has grown steadily in popularity in the United States, and clarify its mysteries. Also serves as a reference work for staging Yoruba drama.