Subject Area: Latin America and South America
This multidisciplinary study reconstructs nineteenth-century Mexican history from a close examination of its colonial genocidal actions against tens-of-thousands of Africans and African offspring in New Spain. This work establishes and reinserts the importance of the African element to the advancements of postcolonial Mexican history.2002 0-7734-7283-51999 0-7734-7954-6
This study sets up a whole new framework for examining United States-Latin American relations. It argues that US policy toward Latin America was driven by a fear of economic nationalism. Economic nationalists in Latin America in the 1950s wanted to control foreign trade and investment in their nations, to diversify their economies and, in some cases, promote industrialization. The study examines how US officials used economic aid policy in Guatemala and Bolivia to eliminate economic nationalism in those nations.2008 0-7734-5048-3
This work makes available for the first time an annotated critical edition of an early seventeenth-century Golden Age play nearly forgotten in the pantheon of Chilean literary history. In Spanish.2010 0-7734-3660-X
This study explores the Amerindian elements in the works of Ernesto Cardenal, the
revolutionary poet-priest from Nicaragua. The work examines the three main currents which flow through Cardenalâs poetry: the socio-political current, the religious current, and the indigenous current.1991 0-7734-9923-7
Discusses lunfardo (the language of the tango) and lunfardo poets, the tango in the era of the Guardia Vieja, Carlos Gardel, the Epoca de oro of the tango (1917-1943), and the tango under PerĂłn, (1943-1955). With a selected bibliography on the Argentine tango.2007 0-7734-5348-2
This groundbreaking collection of essays examines Argentine cultural production during the 1989-2001 period, which coincided with the implementation of neoliberalism under President Carlos SaĂșl Menem (1989-1999) and his successor, Fernando de la RĂșa (1999-2001), thereby providing an overview of the way Argentine writers, filmmakers, musicians and media reacted to this centrality of the market forces. This collection will be of interest to scholars of Latin American Cultural Studies, Hispanic Studies, Film Studies as well as those of Comparative Literature.2002 0-7734-7080-81997 0-7734-8538-4
This work is the first to provide an English version of these two Portuguese texts. The biographies of Prince Edward (Duarte), born 1515, and of Friar Pedro Porteiro, were composed by one of Portugal's most illustrious scholars, AndrĂ© de Resende (1498-1573), tutor to the prince. Besides giving a full account of the life and education of the heir apparent, Resende describes the daily life, routines, superstitions, corrupt officials, special events, and choral interludes in Ăvora's Dominican monastery, where Resende had studied during his early years. Includes a brief biography of Resende in addition to the Portuguese and English texts on facing pages.2006 0-7734-5762-3
The book Blacks in Central America
, written in Spanish by Santiago Valencia ChalĂĄ and edited and translated into English by Dr. Niza Fabre, further validates and authenticates the history of the African presence in the Caribbean and Central America. This eight-chapter book is a sketch of the history of Africans in Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and their national identities referred to as Garifuna culture.
The centrality of a spiritual life in the cosmology of the Garifuna is well-documented in the second chapter. Bypassing the traditional belief system of a monotheistic God as defined by the Roman Catholic religion, the Garifunas embraced the dualistic concepts of African and Indian rites of ascension into the state of deification. The division of the human soul into three parts, Anigi (animal spirit), Luani (soul) and Afurugu (supernatural) allow the individualâs final journey to its resting place.
The other chapters include a thumbnail historical and contemporary portrayal of blacks in Central America and other Caribbean countries.
The introduction of the book is an overview of the cosmology and the history of Africans in Esmeraldas, Ecuador, from early 16th century until the first decade of the 21st century. The cosmology of the Afro-Ecuadorians presented in the introduction underlines the spirits and apparitions as leading forces in the rural life of Ecuador in general.
This book adds to the voluminous interdisciplinary work of the centrality of Africa within Latin America.2012 0-7734-2641-8
Juan Cristobal Calvete de Estrella (c. 1510/20-1593) was a Spanish humanist with close connections to the courts of Charles V and Philip II, to the latter of whom he was a tutor. Among his many works in Latin and Spanish was De Rebus Indicis, a Latin history of the accounts of chroniclers, used documents probably supplied by the family of Cristobal Vaca de Castro, Francisco Pizarroâs successor as governor. The book is commonly thought to be the longest continuous history of its subject in Latin.
It tracks down and compares the primary sources drawn upon for De Rebus Indicis, in so far as these are accessible, and then determines the nature of Calveteâs use of these sources, both in Spanish and Latin, as he sought to transform them into a work of art suitable for a European audience.
This book endeavors to do two things. First, it tracks down and compares the sources of content for De Rebus Indicis, and discovers that Calvete was more concerned with causation than other historians. He also interprets facts, rather than merely reporting on them, and provided more information about the capture of Atahualpa than any other historian past or present.2000 0-7734-7739-X2003 0-7734-6623-11991 0-7734-9723-4
This study examines not the foreign policy of Habsburg Spain, in its naval and military campaigns against militant Islam and Protestant heresy, but the reality of Catholic practice in the Iberian peninsula itself. Certain features of Spanish religion, such as the insistence on orthodoxy combined with a persistent anti-clericalism, are traced to this crucial period in the development of Catholicism in Spain. Non-Inquisitorial as well as Inquisitorial evidence is drawn on and Roman archival sources are used in addition to documents from Spain itself. This work thus seeks to analyze Spanish Catholicism during the period of the Counter-Reformation not in a traditional way, as part of Spanish history in isolation; but as a distinct part of the Catholic Church as a whole, in the era of post-Tridentine reform, taking as reference-points recent work on that larger subject by scholars not only in Spain but in other countries also, such as France and Italy.1996 0-7734-2256-0
This contribution to the study of institutional change from the authoritarian to the democratic regime in Portugal and Spain focuses particularly on the relationship between political structure and culture. The new concept of "political systemic culture" is introduced to show the structuring process of socialization, participation, and state agencies in building up a new democratic regime.2008 0-7734-5063-7
This study is devoted to illustrating the translations of selected Chilean poets to provide resources for scholars interested in Chilean poetry, history, and culture. Incorporating various elements of translation theory the author takes into account the continuous interaction of linguistic, cultural, and historical elements.2001 0-7734-7344-0
This volume of essays critically studies the innovative discourse introduced by Latin American and Chicana writers who claim the kitchen space as a âroom of their own,â not only as an essential space for womenâs intellectual and spiritual advancement, but as a self-empowering site where gender and sexual identities may be explored and transformed.
â. . . this is both a popular and a learned text. On the scholarly side, it is very sound, drawing from psychoanalysis and from cultural studies and generating superb intersections. A text such as this could be of great use to introductory undergraduate courses as well as more advanced graduate seminars. One of its effects is that it engages cooking as a wedge through which to access and transform other disciplines. . . . it is well written, and successful in making a double move: joining critical practices just opening up on the American landscape and important Latin American texts that might not be readily accessible to a North American audience. . . . the introduction makes a deft incision into the topic, binding the essays and giving them a precise and substantive direction.â â Helen Regueiro Elam
â. . . a salient and original contribution to the study of Spanish American women writers. It advances critical frameworks that are necessary for the development of further studies in the field of culinary writing. . . it will be well received by critical audiences.â â Patricia Rubio1990 0-88946-217-8
A treatise in historical sociology which traces the socioeconomic and political processes that accompanied the development of capitalism in Cuba, providing a backdrop against which Cuba's republican era (1898-1959) can be understood. The first single study to discuss the various factions of the planter class, their competing ideological orientations, and the destructive consequences of their intra-class conflicts. Identifies the principle social actors of the colonial period - the Spanish state officials, the peninsula merchants, the creole sugar planters, the slaves, and the indentured workers - to show how the specific economic and political interest of these groups defined them as distinct and antagonistic social classes.1995 0-7734-8975-4
This study is an historical community study, the first research on this group of Boers/Afrikaners who, following the Anglo-Boer War, refused to take the oath of loyalty to the British Crown, and instead emigrated, creating a settlement in Chubut, Argentina. It blends migration theory and ethnicity, documents the conditions which gave rise to the emigration, the names of individuals who migrated, the farms established in Argentina, the bleak living conditions and hardships. It is also the first report of the fact that a number of Blacks emigrated with the settlers. It contains an exhaustive survey of all documents and literature in Afrikaans, Dutch, English, and Spanish.2004 0-7734-6392-5
This book is the first one in English about the famous community radio stations operated in Bolivia by the minersâ trade unions. Since about 1950, there has been a network of more than twenty radios all locally funded and operated. This book focuses on the most heroic period of their existence during the twenty-five years from about 1960 to 1985.
This unique experience of local media is described through the voices of Latin American communication researchers and political activists. The chapters are selected and translated by Alan OâConnor who published the first scholarly article in English on the Bolivian minersâ radios. This book also gives readers an introduction to the methods and concerns of Latin American communication researchers.
This work includes overview written by Bolivian communication researchers who first brought the minersâ radios to the attention of researchers on participatory media. These pioneering articles struggle to fit the unruly minersâ radios into the concepts of debates about global communications. They stress what is unique about the Bolivian experience and the successes, problems and lack of resources of the radio stations.
The book also includes moving testimonies by participants in the radio stations. An historic transcript from a live broadcast shows how the radios connect up during times of political crisis in an attempt to organize resistance to a military coup. With the decline of the Bolivian mining industry since 1985 many of the radio stations no longer exist. The book documents attempts to rescue at least some of the stations and continue their work into the present.2003 0-7734-6939-7
This study presents a fresh look at a vexing question confronting policy makers in emerging democracies â how to finance growth. It captures the institutional and policy choices governments make to access private market financing, closing a gap in understanding the relationship between credible fiscal policy commitments and public finance capacity. It analyzes data in three cases: Argentina, Chile, and Mexico. It will be of interest to scholars in the fields of international political economy, comparative public policy, international finance, and Latin American studies.2008 0-7734-5054-8
Unlike the existing literature on public sector reform which utilizes the Weberian-control model, a networking system, or performance and results-oriented criteria to explain the cause and context of public reform in the Caribbean, this work applies game theory.2002 0-7734-6925-72015 1-4955-0331-3
A comprehensive and thorough description of the historical and cultural context including the emerging ideologies and how they influenced one of the most important Spanish Enlightenment writers of the Neoclassical period. This book will soon become the new standard by which all future essential resources will be compared by academics and scholars of this genre.2002 0-7734-7311-4
This volume explores the difficult relation between theologians and scholars of religion by exploring methodological parameters regarding objectivity. While most religious studies scholars propose a naturalistic view of religion and its study, this work proposes an interface between contextual theology and religious studies. Following a methodological introduction and the case study of the American Academy of Religion, chapters constitute historical explorations about religious practitioners and their theologies within society in Chile, El Salvador, Kenya and Rwanda.1995 0-7734-9088-4
Based on an exhaustive examination of archival sources which revealed much new material, this volume presents a thorough and incisive review of the range of opinions found in pamphlets and periodicals from the beginning of the debate to its decline in the first years of the nineteenth century. Highlighting evolutionary stages in the discussion, it reveals and clarifies the attitudes and assumptions which underpin the various essays and places the debate on woman within the context of the social, political and intellectual background of eighteenth-century Spain. Topics in the archival sources included education, marriage, work, population, charity, the arts, and prostitution.1991 0-7734-9980-6
Focuses on the evolutions of Argentine immigration policies and the discussion of the social, political and economic issues involved in the related political debate. Class, regional and economic interests (particularly self-interest) of the Argentine ruling elites are of special interest.2001 0-7734-7501-X
This study deals with the planning, construction, and early operation of the railroad network of these two Central American nations. The network was unique in Central America because the majority of it was eventually taken over, completed, and operated by International Railways of Central America, a subsidiary of an American concern, the United Fruit Company. This pioneer study explains in considerable detail how all of this occurred, from the first few miles of track laid to the completion of the final international network link. Based on a mix of primary and secondary sources, published and unpublished, the narrative notes how progressive thinkers saw railroads as a way to improve the economies of the nations involved. This volume brings together in a single coherent study much material that is often mentioned only in passing in other volumes, if it is mentioned at all. Illustrations.2003 0-7734-7004-2
This work investigates the censorship of gĂ©nero chico
dramas, pieces which were commonly used as a conversional and didactic tool in New Spain during the first decades of colonial rule. These small theatrical representations and dramatic texts are particularly insightful to the censorial policies as developed and implemented by the ecclesiastical and viceregal authorities of New Spain. The official and personal anti-theatrical and anti-dramatic dictates, as enforced in part by Archbishop Juan de ZumĂ rraga and the New World Inquisition, relied heavily upon the ideals of mimesis, education, and concern for subversion of the state. Because the works generally included the use of Nahuatl, the language of the newly conquered natives of the Anahuac valley, and were performed by the Indians without Spanish supervision, they feared potential insertion of indigenous elements. Along with the hybridized qualities found in many of the pieces, this work also looks at the criticism of viceregal policies as one more reason for censoring these works and reprimanding their authors, with examples taken from the works of HernĂĄn GonzĂĄlez de Eslava, Juan PĂ©rez RamĂrez, and CristĂłbal de Llerena.2006 0-7734-5582-5
The fiery Spanish liberal journalist FĂ©lix MexĂa authored two dramas not previously analyzed: No hay union con los tiranos morirĂĄ quien lo pretenda o sea la muerte de Riego y EspaĂ±a entre cadenas
and La Fayette en Monte Vernon
. Their analysis provides an understanding of MexĂaâs political exile in the United States, employing the context of their historical setting. The application of new Romantic theory to his works published during his American exile due to censorship reveals his hidden political allegory.
Political allegory mediated the return, not only to a chaotic nineteenth-century political period in Spain, but also to an idealized Spanish medieval felicity and to the heroic Greek and Roman Age by way of the American Revolution. Readers here have traditionally ignored the allegory by remaining on the historical surface of both plays. MexĂa dedicated the first dramatic work as a historical tragedy to Guadalupe Victoria, the first president of Mexico, to elevate the martyrâs death of his Spanish hero, the revolutionary Rafael de Reigo y NuĂ±ez, by detailing the final moments of Riegoâs imprisonment. Writing La Fayette en Monte Vernon
in the republican tradition of a Greco-Roman epic, MexĂa refigured the Spanish guerilla fighter Francisco Javier Espoz y Mina as the patriot farmer George Washington. These dedications resulted from his denunciation of specific Spanish laws that shut down patriotic societies, disbanded the revolutionary national militia, and imprisoned popular heroes like Riego.
While Benito PĂ©rez GaldĂłs used MexĂa as a fictional fanatical caricature of a whole generation of liberals in El terror de 1824
of the Episodios nacionales
, MexĂa himself anticipated that usage of his persona fifty years earlier in the nineteenth century by entering his own performances as a fictional friend to his historical protagonist heroes, Riego
in one drama and La Fayette
in the other drama. Both dramas feature a romantic first: an allegorized female as a political constitution. These readings make public MexĂaâs political issues mediated through allegorical syntagmatic historical correspondences, referencing back to his own particular exile identity in neoclassic political discourse, thus qualifying the two dramas as part of a transnational revolutionary utopist genre, but not Romantic theatre.2010 0-7734-1329-4
This work presents the new generation of Puerto Rican women playwrights (both from the Island and the Diaspora), and critically examines their works in light of postcolonial theories. It focuses primarily on the notions of identity (sexual, racial, transnational/ transcultural), and gender construction. In Spanish2010 0-7734-3638-3
This study examines the process of creating modern diplomacy - starting from the concrete case of Portugal - and its contribution in defining the foreign policy of European states and developing international relations It includes the impact of the relations with states on home policy at a time when the concept of Europe gradually started to replace the mediaeval notion of Christendom.2014 0-7734-0086-9
A fascinating resource on the evolution of the Inca Empire and, in particular, the creation of chronology and genealogy of the Inca dynasty. The work argues that the Incas, both as an ethnic group in the Cuzco region and as an empire, lasted a lot longer than presently thought.2003 0-7734-6584-7
These essays explain and evaluate the experience of democracy in recent years, considering the historical, economic, cultural, and social factors that aided its re-emergence, as well as the continued poverty and inequality in the region that challenge it.1992 0-7734-9554-1
This timely study assesses the possible impact of a NAFTA on the Commonwealth or English-speaking countries of the Caribbean. The theory and practice of free trade are discussed, as well as the Enterprise for the Americas Initiative and the question of regional integration among the Caribbean countries. Written by a former diplomat and political scientist with considerable knowledge of the region, this study includes important primary and secondary research. Most notable are the views of leading regional personalities from both the public and private sectors in the Caribbean and North America. This represents one of the first definitive pieces of research into an issue which is still taking shape and upon which policy analysts in the region should take a leading interest.2008 0-7734-5203-6
This study examines the social and cultural causes of the decline in political theater in Venezuela during the second half of the twentieth century. The author focuses primarily on the following representative plays: La trampa de los demonios
(1977) by CĂ©sar Rengifo, La guerrita de Rosendo
(1976) by Gilberto Pinto, La farra
(1974) and La empresa perdona un momento de locura
(1978) both by Rodolfo Santana.2013 0-7734-4531-5
This book investigates the theme of imposters in three Hispanic American plays and two Caribbean plays from the early twentieth century. The author has selected each play from a different country so that the scholarship presents a broader perspective of Hispanic American and Caribbean themes. In these five plays, the main characters fabricate their own identities for various reasons. My focus is on analyzing those imposters and on presenting how the dramatists present these types of imposters in their works.
Identity is one of the most prominent themes in Hispanic American and Caribbean literature because the history of these regions involves a long period of European colonization. As a result of this colonization the cultures of these regions imitated European culture for centuries. For this reason the act of constructing a distinct American identity has been a struggle for these writers. The five plays analyze this struggle by depicting main characters that pretend to be someone else and abandon their own identity. I have analyzed the imposters and incorporated findings from various studies that make a connection between the play and Hispanic American and Caribbean history.2015 0-7734-0085-0
A provocative, insightful new collection of well-documented essays focusing on the poetic dimension of Eliseo Subielaâs films. This book provides a new model for film scholarship for Spanish and Latin American cinematography.2007 0-7734-5451-9
This work analyzes the development of Latino empowerment in Illinois. Recent events give due cause to be impressed with Latino Americanos: first, the fact that in 2003, Latinos became the United Statesâ largest minority; second, three Latino U.S. Senators, first-time Latino Attorney General and Secretary of Commerce, and female Mexican-born defeats incumbent native-born Hispanic and MPA graduate for a House seat in the Illinois State General Assembly are all historic events for the Latino community in America. This book is timely, considering significant population shifts in the United States which are redefining the minority, plurality, and majority status of Latinos, by utilizing data collected from voter behavior research, narrative inquiry, participant-observation, interviews, content analysis, case study analysis, case law analysis, and examinations of national and state labor force statistical data.2006 0-7734-5552-3
This collection of essays addresses the allegations of racism as one of the major themes in political commentaries in the multiethnic Caribbean and its Diaspora. In this context, several ethnic groups ply for scarce resources, so the principles of fairness and equality in resource distribution become critical to societal stability. The book advocates an understanding of inter and intra-ethnic class structure as a useful conceptual tool to address the issues of ethnic cleavage, racism, and discrimination, using a power-conflict framework that illustrates that inter and intra-ethnic class structure emphasizes economic stratification, caste, internal colonialism, and a diversity of class-based and Marxist theories.2010 0-7734-3688-X
This book examines the religious, mythological and performance elements of the traditional Afro-Caribbean street festival. Using the theories of performance, political economy and symbolic analysis, this work elucidates how elements of African, European and South American cultures interact to produce a unique understanding of the colonial and post-colonial experience.2002 0-7734-7125-12001 0-7734-7422-6
Henry Morgan and his band of English commission buccaneers went on a raid of reprisal against the Spanish, looting and ultimately destroying one of the richest towns of the new world, Panama City. Morgan and his buccaneers also managed almost to ruin carefully-laid diplomatic plans between England and Spain. Because of their actions, King Charles II created a decisive colonial policy for the Caribbean, something the British had lacked for half a century.
â . . . a solidly researched monograph on a fascinating topic which sheds important light on the colonial experience of the Americas.. . . . Petrovichâs account of the raid is strongly based on the best available evidence and placed in a solid conceptual framework. This book makes a worthwhile addition to the literature on the subject.â â Jonathan Zophy2006 0-7734-5694-5
The Hero and Leander theme enjoyed tremendous vogue during the Renaissance. This book offers English translations of works by twenty-three writers, including Garcilaso de la Vega, Luis de CamĂ”es, Francisco de Quevedo, and Luis de GĂłngora. The texts were all originally published between 1500 and 1800; most of them were written in Castilian Spanish, but there are also examples from Portuguese, Valencian, and Asturian. The literary forms represented include sonnets, ballads, odes, a prose narrative, a full-length play, and three long pieces of narrative verse. The book includes a critical and historical introduction, brief comments on each author and on the special challenges of each translation, an appendix on treatments of the Hero and Leander theme in other art forms, a substantial bibliography, and an index. It is intended as a resource for students of comparative literature and culture.2011 0-7734-1609-9
Narrated by Carlos Quilaqueo, and meticulously transcribed and analyzed by Perea-Fox and Iriarte, this collection of Mapuche stories is an invaluable resource for Mapuche cultural, literary, and anthropological studies.
This text is the most complete collection and first direct transcription of Mapuche oral histories, myths, and legends.2003 0-7734-6859-51996 0-7734-8790-5
This volume seeks to demolish the notion of East Indian docility and passivity in the Caribbean by demonstrating that they respond resolutely to pressures. Based primarily on documentary evidence at the Public Records Office and the India Office Library and Records in England, the book argues that it was resistance, both overt and covert, rather than accommodation which asserted itself on the plantations in the indenture and post-indenture periods. Stymied by a lack of indigenous leadership and organization, and confronted by a powerful, influential plantocracy and repressive state apparatus, Indian workers had demonstrated consistently that they were not afraid to protest when aggrieved. The nearly 1000 strikes and 54 deaths attested to their militancy. By its concentration on a relatively unexplored topic, this study makes a powerful contribution to Guyanese, Caribbean, and imperial history.2010 0-7734-1311-1
This book studies three types of Guatemalan art that represent imagines of community. The particular techniques and structure of each set of works project an imagining of community that is unique to those pieces. Studying the pieces together lays the groundwork for re-imagining the relation of arts and society. This book contains nineteen color photographs.1995 0-7734-9476-6
These essays present a balance of theory and practice, of literary and cultural criticism, of gender, race, aesthetic, colonial and political issues. Distinguished critics from the realms of sociology, politics, cultural studies, women's writing, literature, translation and critical theory focus attention on Judaeo-Hispanic, Portuguese, Afro-Caribbean, Andean, Brazilian, and other cultural texts, in an attempt to locate the inequalities and the differences involved in the making of cultural labels. The collection arises from the international Inequality/Theory conference held at the Graduate School of Critical Theory in the University of Nottingham in July 1992.2011 0-7734-1535-1
This book is the first annotated critical edition of a little known "auto sacramental" of early Spanish seventeenth century. The auto, representing the mystery of the Eucharist, developed as a literary genre peculiar to Spain, becoming a powerful vehicle to propagate Catholicism, first in Spain and later in the New World.2006 0-7734-5637-6La Loca de Gandoca
caused a national outcry in Costa Rica when it was published in 1992. It blew the whistle on a secret plot by government officials and private investors to develop the Gandoca-Manzanilla Wildlife Refuge, which is one of the most biologically diverse sites in the world and supposed to be protected by the Costa Rican constitution. The novel is the largely autobiographical account of Anacristina Rossiâs attempt to save the refuge from destruction. It is an inspirational story that shows what one brave, determined, self-reliant individual can do even against powerful vested interests. It is, at the same time, a fascinating exposĂ© of the corrupt, labyrinthine and stonewalling government bureaucracy of Costa Rica, the popular American tourist destination, supposed by many to be a model of enlightened conservation and ecotourism. In addition, the novel is a probing ecofeminist critique of the Western paradigm of development, one which sensitively and poetically explores the relationship between humanity and nature.2007 0-7734-5377-6
This book examines the ways in which contemporary novelists from Venezuela and Colombia have treated one of the most prominent nineteenth-century historical figures of South America, SimĂłn BolĂvar, the âLiberatorââalso known as the founding father of their nations. The novels examined at length are SinfonĂa desde el Nuevo Mundo
(1990) by GermĂĄn Espinosa, Manuel Piar, caudillo de dos colores
(1987) by Francisco Herrera Luque, El general en su laberinto
(1989) by Gabriel GarcĂa MĂĄrquez, La ceniza del Libertador
(1989) by Fernando Cruz Konfly, and El insondable
(1997) by Ălvaro Pineda Botero. This book focuses primarily on the different kinds of fictional representation of this Latin American icon and the roles these modes of portrayal play in the ideologies at the end of the twentieth century. In Spanish2015 1-4955-0343-9
This enjoyable novelistic styled historical book is a serious scholarly study and careful reconstruction of the events of the Amazon expedition of Lope de Aguirre in his failed quest to find the fabled city of El Dorado, including the murders of UrsĂșa and InĂ©s de Atienza. This fascinating work captures the intrigue of Amazonian exploration as well as the political and cultural ambiance of this colonial period in South America.1992 0-7734-9196-1
An account of three men, without whose influence and resources Columbus' enterprise of the Indies would not have occurred. MartĂn Alonso PinzĂłn was a shipowner/navigator. His young brother Vicente YĂĄĂ±ez was also a navigator. Juan de la Cosa was owner of the merchantman Marigalante, to be chartered and renamed by Columbus the Santa MarĂa. The three of them had adventures, together or separately, poaching in Portuguese preserves of Atlantic Africa as far south as Guinea. These are their stories.2008 0-7734-5055-6
This work makes accessible rare, collected linguistic data from the late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth centuries. The study presents the earliest reliable records of a number of Mayan languages, as opposed to previous materials written primarily by colonial sources.2003 0-7734-6566-9
This is a major chronicle of the early nineteenth century and provides a firsthand account of the region prior to the Latin American Wars of Independence. This document, which has not appeared before in either English or Spanish, is divided into four major parts: ecclesiastical affairs, administration, Royal Exchequer and finances, and the military.2006 0-7734-5588-4
This book addresses the question of military disengagement from politics in states emerging from prolonged cycles of military intervention in politics. The case of El Salvador is particularly interesting given the decades of repeated intervention by the Salvadoran military. These cycles of military intervention indicate that intervention in politics is seen by the military as part of their job. Long-term military disengagement, therefore, comes from a change in the militaryâs self-identity and orientation toward intervention in politics because the military will always have the ability to intervene due to their preponderance of force. The case study approach is used in order to discern the historic difficulties facing permanent removal of the Salvadoran military from politics and the prospects for the future. As the preponderant holder of force is society, the military will disengage from politics when external pressures elicit a voluntary withdrawal based upon the militaryâs perception of those external pressures and the possibility of a face-saving return to the barracks with a maximum preservation of power and prestige.2004 0-7734-6376-3
This book focuses on a series of indigenista
novels of Chiapas, Mexico published between 1957 and 1994 and examines these works of fiction as mirrors of important social, political, and economic realities plaguing contemporary Mexican society, in particular Chiapas. From this narrative sequence, a liberationist discourse emerges that reflects the ideas of Liberation Theology and its approach to the plight of the poor. The authors portray a set of obstacles that impede the liberation process and, in doing so, project movement toward the authentic liberation of the native inhabitants of their novels. Through the theoretical framework of liberation thought, this book shows how literature, specifically the novel, can transcend the boundaries of genre and transform itself into a participant in the debate on multiethnic identity in Mexico. With the 1994 uprising led by the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, Chiapas has become a global symbol for marginalized voices that struggle to gain a legitimate space in Mexican society. The novels treated in the book outline the context which led to the âÂĄYA BASTA!â of the EZLN. The content is presented within an interdisciplinary context and, therefore, is attractive to a variety of fields.2006 0-7734-5765-8
In this book, an international group of distinguished scholars analyze how Latin Americans are struggling with the question of how they can provide for their security while they govern themselves. They explain Latin Americansâ complex definitions of security and current threats to it. Various external forces â from Al Qaeda and the International Monetary Fund to certain policies of the United States government â threaten Latin Americansâ autonomy.
Economic and political elites may restrict popular self-government, sometimes by promising to provide for security at the cost of liberty. The lives, property, and well-being of Latin American peoples often remain in the balance. The authors show how Latin American nations, individuals, and peoples are seeking to make themselves more secure through their democracies. They consider how Latin Americans are asserting their democratic rights and seeking to deepen the practices of freedom during the current domestic transitions and the war on terror. They judge the prospects for the success of Latin American democracies meeting the severe threats to the regionâs security. Given Latin American political history and contemporary insecurities, the chapters demonstrate why the future of these democracies is at risk.2007 0-7734-5338-5
This work analyzes the way in which the foreign policy in Guyana has fared in protecting its national security, while also analyzing the very concept of ânational securityâ as it applies to a small-state like Guyana. Since its independence in 1966, Guyanese foreign policy has been synonymous with national security. The process of national security in Guyana, like that of other post-colonial small-states, cannot be viewed independently from that of nation-building. Guyanaâs struggles with internal insecurity are examined, along with the responses to various external challenges which have resulted in human insecurity and significant external involvement in the micromanagement of Guyanaâs domestic affairs.1989 0-88946-489-8
Provides the most definitive assessment so far of the arts in Nicaragua since 1979, with analyses of specific cultural policies and particular artworks associated with them. Demonstrates why the concept of art being advanced is innovative in relation to that of most earlier revolutions and how the ideological pluralism on which it is based is fundamentally at odds with the earlier doctrine of Socialist Realism.2008 0-7734-4928-0
The first English translation of Reyna Carranzaâs historical novel of dynastic decline in twentieth-century Argentina.2009 0-7734-4833-0
This study, using a qualitative process-tracing approach, investigates the reasons that motivated the European Union to conclude an Association Agreement with Chile in 2002.2014 0-7734-4346-0
Paolo de Limaâs study offers an innovative and profound reading of six poets that earlier critics had not examined closely. He highlights the axiological and verbal differences between the generation of the 1980s and the previous one, notably through the impact that political violence had on the ways that the younger writers developed their subjectivity and its corresponding poetic expression.
A remarkable study that will serve a graduate seminar in Latin American poetry and/or Peruvian poetry. The mastery of the subject area and the impeccable balance between theoretical explanations and close readings of poems are features of this book that make it stand out.1999 0-7734-7931-7
This volume illuminates the heightened critical assessment of Anglophone Caribbean poetry in the late 20th century. Williams makes a substantial contribution to a canon of literary criticism through her critical examination of selected poetry of Edward Kamau Brathwaite, Claire Harris, Olive Senior, and David Dabydeen. In her analysis she highlights the power of language as it classifies, divides, informs, and synthesizes the lives of Caribbean peoples throughout the Caribbean basin region. While placing emphasis on the poetsâ concerns with exile, displacement, and colonial cultural and political domination, it places primary emphasis on their movement beyond poetic forms of mere protest. Using the protest form, each poet appropriates a larger vision which encompasses prophecy for present and future gains based upon a meaningful connection to their African and Indian (cultural) primacy.2011 0-7734-1433-9
What is social democracy in Latin America and what has been its impact on public policy? This work uses case studies to examine the approaches of three Latin American governments to educational policy.2006 0-7734-5874-3
This book is the only comprehensive work on the subject of Mexican womenâs involvement in journalism from its hidden beginnings in colonial times to the mid-twentieth century. By 1940, a few women had become star reporters in Mexico City, the geographical focus of this study. After an introductory chapter on the colonial roots of womenâs journalism, the book focuses on the revolutionary period from 1876 to 1940. During these tumultuous years, a handful of extraordinary women broke into journalism in order to promote various social and political causes. In the process, they expanded womenâs journalism beyond the society pages, and made political journalism a respectable career for women. Short excerpts from the works of these pioneering women appear throughout Pouwels' book. In addition, each chapter closes with a full-length article by one of the writers featured in that chapter. The end-of-chapter selections, never before republished, both exemplify the writersâ works and summarize the burning issues of their times. All primary and secondary-source excerpts in Spanish appear also in English translation, making the material accessible to interdisciplinary womenâs studies scholars and students who must rely on English translations.
In addition to synthesizing the historical and biographical data, this book compiles and evaluates the widely dispersed, and sometimes contradictory, secondary-source material. The index and exhaustive bibliography, which are usually lacking in Mexican sources, will facilitate future research in this area.2010 0-7734-3614-6
This study examines the major events that led to the Spanish control of Portugal in 1580 and the major causes of the revolt in 1640. Included is a detailed study
of the emergence of the Portuguese military, the social and economic conditions that played a decisive role during the Revolution, and the emergence of a national spirit that led to the defeat of one of the most politically and militarily powerful countries in seventeenth century Europe. This book contains fifteen black and white photographs.2008 0-7734-5138-2
This study explores the aesthetic, social and political aspects present in Latin American cinema as portrayed in major representative films from the region, and addresses the study of film in Latin America in the context of great historical moments. The issues of race, gender, primitivism, Otherness, slavery, immigration, social change, and their underpinning ideologies, inspire the presentations of these films. In Spanish. This book contains five black and white photographs and five color photographs.2014 1-4955-0280-5
An original piece of scholarship that will interest a wide range of readers.
This research is innovative in other ways too. Methodologically, it approaches readers through the under studied cultural form of the reading group. As a whole, this project contributes to an understanding of Allendeâs cross-cultural popularity by situating readers at the centre.1992 0-7734-9868-0
The book is divided into three parts: Religious Control and its Limits in the Iberian World; Images of the Body in Spanish Society; and Women, Gender, and Family in Hapsburg Spain. These nine thought-provoking essays are revised versions of papers originally presented at the 1990 Annual Meeting of the Society for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies in New Orleans.2012 0-7734-4076-3
Arlt is an influential Latin American novelist. His literary production was not confined to novels and he also wrote shorter narratives individually. It was not until long after his death that he began to receive national and international fame.
An aesthetic appraisal of an author whose work possessed a trenchant social realism fused with fantasy, which was an early precursor to Latin Americaâs greatest literary accomplishment, Magical Realism.2016 1-4955-0447-6
This book describes the acute structural plight of the Colombian Department of ChocĂł on the Pacific Coast. This Afro-Colombian, indigenous and mixed ancestry region is located in one of the richest areas of biodiversity remaining in the world and consequently gives rise to antagonistic confrontations due to the asymmetrical confluence of cultures in Colombian society.2014 0-7734-4333-9
A unique and original viewpoint of how the dream of success is still a vital part of the American mentality and how this is clearly reflected in its drama. The American struggle against repression and exploitation, the rebellion and civil rights victories against all odds are hallmarks of American life and drama.2001 0-7734-7377-7
Biographical study of two-time President Carlos AndrĂ©s PĂ©rez, one of the architects of contemporary Venezuelan history.2005 0-7734-6246-5
This current volume details the later political career of Carlos Andres Perez, focusing on his two presidential administrations and his fall from political power. This work builds upon the early political foundations of Perez which have been detailed in Volume One. During his first administration (1974- 79), President Perez introduced Venezuela into the economic and political realities of a new and ever-changing world order, as a result of the revenue generated by the nation's petroleum exports. For his part, Perez sought to modernize Venezuela's democracy and to bring Venezuela to a level of development which would enable it to compete successfully within the New Economic World Order. Not long after beginning his second term as president (1989-1993), Carlos Andres Perez was faced with economic and social crises. Consequently, in the early days of his administration, events transpired which considerably weakened the political foundation of his government. By late 1992, two coup d'etat attempts had been made against the President, and by Spring 1993 the Supreme Court ruled that there were sufficient grounds for an indictment on charges of corruption. This ruling resulted in the decision by the National Congress to remove President Perez from office so that he could be brought to trial. Following his trial, the Supreme Court sentenced Carlos Andres Perez to 2 years and 4 months of house arrest for the crime of aggravated generic embezzlement.2000 0-7734-7830-2
A critical edition of two translated novels (The Mad King and The Creator and the Mad King), from the French, by Haitian writer Roger Dorsinville (1911-1992) on the rule of Francois Duvalier. This volume argues critically that Roger Dorsinvilleâs novels fit in the tradition of Joseph Conradâs narratives exploring the darker side of human and social behavior as well as the in the Latin American stream of magic realism. This is a contribution to scholarship of a Haitian writerâs highly moral account of irrationality in individual and social behavior; one which evolves as it reverses historical referentiality in representation and celebrates a norm for goodness located in artistic reflexivity. A number of critical texts are appended, along with selected bibliography.1999 0-7734-8192-3
Organized aggression and conquest have always provided violent men with an opportunity to commit atrocities, and this applies to the Spanish Conquest of the Americas. In Peru, two names overshadow all acts of violence by reason of exceptional, systematic, continuous and paranoic expressions of evil: Lope de Aguirre and Francisco de Carvajal. Aguirre's crimes appalled his tough contemporaries, and inspired writers and writers and filmmakers of later generations. (Werner Herzog's 1973 cinematographic classic Wrath of God is based on his life.) Francisco de Carvajal, in four short years, left a trail of atrocities, murders, corruption and robberies that earned him the name "Demon of the Andes." In BogotĂĄ, Juan RodrĂguez Freyle set down a chronicle of lawlessness, greed, murder, passions, intrigue, and corruption and the often criminal behavior of the guardians of the law and judicial inspectors.
Throughout this volume, the translator has chosen to let the eyewitnesses and secondary sources tell the stories.2006 0-7734-5639-2
This book brings together ten essays relating to the manner in which postcolonial research is conducted and information put forth on the representation of indigenous cultures in the Americas. Divided into three parts, Part One describes the current state of affairs of postcolonial studies in the North American region; Part Two explores Mesoamerican culture, and Ăuu Savi and Zapotec studies in particular; and Part Three looks at the Andean region.2006 0-7734-5653-8
This book describes and interprets the historiography of bishops, priests, religious, Christian communities and lay people in Chile during the years 1980-1990 by the use of ecclesiastical primary sources, secondary sources and oral testimonies. In 1973, Augusto Pinochet led a military coup that had enormous repercussions for the history of Chile and for the pastoral actions of the Catholic Church led by Cardinal Silva HenrĂquez. This book examines the historiography of the period in which the Church and Chilean civic society pushed for a return to democracy; it explores the relations of the Pinochet government with Cardinals Silva HenrĂquez and Fresno, as well as the approval of the 1980 Chilean Constitution, the attempt on Pinochetâs life, John Paul IIâs visit to Chile and the referendum of 1988 that finally led to free democratic elections in Chile during 1989. The author has used a significantly large number of unpublished and unknown primary historical sources that make this volume the most significant historical work in English for the history of the Chilean Church from the new Chilean Constitution in 1980 to the return to democracy in 1990.2004 0-7734-6245-7
This first volume of a social history of the Catholic Church in Chile describes and interprets the historiography of bishops, priests, religious, Christian communities and lay people during the years 1973-1980 by the use of ecclesiastical primary sources and oral testimonies. In 1973, Augusto Pinochet led a military coup that had enormous repercussions for the history of Chile and for the pastoral actions of the Catholic Church led by Cardinal Silva Henriquez. This book examines the historiography of the period in the context of the universal church, the Latin American churches and the development of a very strong network of parish communities that sheltered the persecuted and defended the right of the Church to speak against a totalitarian state. Its author has used a significantly large number of unpublished and unknown primary historical sources that make this volume the most significant historical work in English for the history of the Chilean Church from the military coup to the approval of the new Chilean Constitution in 1980. It includes an examination of legal documentation related to the first findings of human remains of political prisoners at Lonquen and it analyses the role of the Church within that social process.2011 0-7734-3952-8
This text is an English translation of Sister Mary Garciaâs personal experience in Honduras. While describing the conflict between Church-backed agrarian reformers and land owners in Honduras during the late 1960s and 1970s, the book details how Sister Mary interacted with the campesinos, how she defended their interests, and how she transformed the Honduran Catholic Churchâs image into a defender of the poor. The book further provides her account of the massacres at La Talanquera in 1972 and Los Horcones in 1975.2010 0-7734-3836-X
This collection of essays was inspired or influenced by the seminal work of John Haddox in his 50 years working as a philosopher and activist at the University of Texas, El Paso. The book includes papers in Latin American and Mexican philosophy, philosophy and activism, and Native American thought.1989 0-88946-471-5
A collection of essays addressing: the nature and extent of issues facing contemporary Caribbean societies, the character of strategies employed by current leaders dealing with those issues, and the consequences of those attempts.1989 0-88946-491-X
A longitudinal history using a biographical approach to analyze the upper and middle levels of society in colonial Santiago, providing a more concrete understanding of social evolution in the 16th and 17th centuries.1987 0-88946-006-X
An analysis from a geostratic, economic, cultural and political perspective; it includes a section on "low-intensity warfare" and the Iran arms deal/Contra link. The latter is presented as a structural problem between the National Security Council and the Department of State2002 0-7734-7168-52003 0-7734-6834-X
These pieces include interviews across the Peruvian human scale and landscape: freed prisoners and police women, feminists and traditionalists, servants and human rights lawyers, doctors and market women, black, native American, mestizos, and whites. The collection offers English speaking readers a crosscut of a variety of personalities as well as the authentic flavor of various language uses. Most of the interviewed women differ in their own use of language from one another, according to walk of life, background, personality. The study seeks to convey their liveliness both in their language and in their resilience despite tremendously adverse conditions.