Subject Area: Scotland and Scottish: All Subjects
Provides valuable primary research on the activities of popular dramatists and drama groups in Scotland who played an important role in the late blossoming of a Scottish National Drama. Includes Joe Corrie’s Fife Miner Players, Glasgow Unity Theatre, and Joan Littlewood’s Theatre Workshop. These companies produced a wide range of original works on contemporary issues (the General Strike of 1926, unemployment in the Hungry 30s, Glasgow’s post-war housing shortage) as well as religious, racial, and gender issues. They adopted a variety of styles, from agit-prop to social realism., and made creative use of popular forms of entertainment, from the Burns Supper to the village concert. It provides an interesting comparison with the work of other international popular drama movements.2008 0-7734-5084-X
This work examines the contributions to two British theatre traditions of Andrew P. Wilson and the birth pangs accompanying the idea and the reality of a national theatre in Ireland and Scotland. The only book of its kind, it is a critical biography of one man’s work and a call to recognize important persons whom scholars have deemed as canonically dispensable.2010 0-7734-3691-X
The collection is a wide-ranging reference guide. The six volumes are made up of one-paragraph biographies of medical travel authors drawn from all peoples and regions of the world. The authors are included because they have published a book of travel or have left significant material of book potential. Some space is given to travellers from abroad into the region represented by the volume.2008 0-7734-5233-8
This study examines issues of religion, culture and national identity in early modern Britain with the focus being upon one specific Highland clan, MacDonell of Glengarry. This clan was renowned, or notorious, for its adherence to Catholicism and later Jacobitism, over a hundred year period, 1650-1750. The author proposes that it is Catholicism and the Catholic mission of the years 1650-1750 that provide the essential element in understanding the history of the clan during the early modern period.2009 0-7734-4913-2
Historically, education in Scotland lies at the heart of national pride and has been widely acclaimed as a more democratic and meritocratic system in terms of wider access to schools and universities when compared with England. One of the main paradoxes which this book unpacks is the that under the Scottish public co-education structure, schoolmasters did overall benefit more favorably within this distinctive tradition whereas the treatment of women teachers as an occupational group in relative terms was more ideologically undemocratic and patriarchal in relation to their female counterparts under the English system. This book sets out on a historical journey and embarks on the reconstruction of policy formation on gender and occupational segregation in the elementary (now called primary) school teaching and it shows that there was nothing ‘natural’ about that process.2000 0-7734-7648-2
This work is a systematic organization of resources for study of the three central works of the Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid, An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Commons Sense (1764), Essays on the Intellectual Powers (1785), and Essays on the Active Powers (1788). Comprehensive subject and name indices allow the reader to quickly access and organize the full range of passages on specific topics and historical figures. The first ever glossary of Reidian terms references their definitive occurrences in the texts. A concise biography describes Reid’s personal life, publishing record, and scholarly role as the founder of the Scottish School of Commonsense Philosophy. In a general introduction, the author presents the essential elements of Reid’s theory of perception and epistemology, which anticipated modern perspectives in philosophy and psychology. There is also a detailed, critical summary of the Inquiry, followed by the most extensive bibliography of works relevant to Reid scholarship published to date.2009 0-7734-4751-2
The book argues for seeing Calvinian influence as the most significant influence for the Scottish reform movement of 1560. It examines John Calvin’s understanding of discipline and interpretations of it by the wider continental Calvinian family, particularly John à Lasco, Valérand Poullain and the French Reformed Church, and their connections and influences on the Scottish Reformation.2006 0-7734-5932-4
This study describes, explains, analyzes and assesses the contribution of five teaching religious orders to the development of Catholic education in Glasgow from 1847, when, with the arrival of the Franciscan Sisters, Catholic religious life returned to Glasgow for the first time since the Reformation until 1918 and the passing of the landmark Education (Scotland) Act. It concentrates on the influence and achievements of the religious orders in their role as teachers and managers of a number of primary, secondary, and night schools in Glasgow as well as the contribution of the Sisters of Notre Dame in their particular role as educators of Catholic teachers in Glasgow. In 1918 Catholics in Scotland reversed the decision they took in 1872 to remain outside the national system of education. From 1918 religious education according to ‘use and wont’ was to be allowed within well-defined limits, but would not be fostered by the civil authority, and provision was made for a revision of the teacher-training system.
The study argues that the work of five religious orders, the Franciscans, the Sisters of Mercy, the Marists, the Jesuits and the Sisters of Notre Dame in Catholic education in Glasgow, made it feasible for Catholic schools to remain outside the state system after the 1872 Education (Scotland) Act and until the passing of the 1989 Education (Scotland) Act. Throughout the 46 years 1872-1918, the root problem for Catholic education was finding money to subsidize Catholic schools. The key to the grants was efficiency. The source of efficiency in schools was the Training College. As a result, the story of Catholic education up to 1918 is largely one of how the increasing financial burden, without any relief from the rates to which they contributed, was borne by every section of the Catholic community in an endeavour to provide their children with an education comparable to that given in the more favoured and progressive rated schools.2013 0-7734-4525-0
Soccer, or football as it is called in Europe, became professionalized in the late nineteenth century. This is the story of how the sport grew in popularity, and eventually became the predominant sport in Scotland. Beyond the mere Rangers versus Celtic rivalry that has risen to epic, almost mythological proportions, this book discusses the social impact of the sport on the entire country. It shows how Scotland became a modern society and its sports and entertainment evolved along with the rest of the country, and how soccer became a national pastime.1991 0-88946-590-8
Concentrates on Defoe's relations with Scotland and with various Scotsmen to focus on the political relationship with England when the representative bodies of both countries were moving toward a union that would transfer the parliament to London. Deals with his immersion in Scottish politics as the agent of Robert Harley, the English Home Secretary; his focus on the Jacobite movement; his connection with Irish affairs and his confrontation with Jonathon Swift over Wood's Halfpence; and his interest in military biography as evidenced in his accounts of two junior officers and of the Duke of Marlborough and Charles XII of Sweden.1973 0-7734-0213-62008 0-7734-5039-4
This work examines and quantifies the English minority experience in Scotland during a period in the nation’s history when devolution and the establishment of the Scottish Parliament have apparently led to a growing strengthening of Scottish identity.1992 0-7734-1643-9
This work traces some aspects of the erosion of Westminster Calvinism among Scottish seceders during the years 1733 -1879. It argues that although this process did not reach its peak until 1879, a significant departure from Westminster Calvinism occurred during the Atonement Controversy in the 1840s. The importance of the United Presbyterian Church Declaratory Act of 1879 lay in its giving de jure authority to ministers of the denomination to deviate from the teaching of the Westminster standards on matters which did not enter the `substance of faith' - a position which `legalized' the de facto authority which many had been exercising for a number of years.2007 0-7734-5228-1
This work applies an ethnological approach to the study of changing patterns of social organization over the past two centuries within the author’s native county in Scotland. The result represents a detailed ethnographic study of a period of great change in rural Scotland, but one in which a strong emphasis on tradition ensured a degree of continuity underpinned the daily and seasonal lives of those who earned their livelihoods directly from the soil. This book contains 7 black and white photographs.2007 0-7734-5271-0
This book considers the way in which disability was perceived in the popular and official culture of nineteenth-century Scotland. Assembling the voices of the disabled from memoirs, letters and court proceedings, this work provides the empirical groundwork for understanding the disability experience and its representation during a period of unprecedented industrialization, urbanization and demographic change. This book contains 26 black and white photographs.1992 0-7734-9577-0
Kirkton's History, written in the 1690s, is effectively a history of Scotland as a whole, from the Restoration of Charles II to the defeat of the Presbyterians at Bothwell Bridge in 1679. Kirkton, a Presbyterian minister who continued to preach in defiance of the government and under threat of execution, writes vividly of the events he's caught up in. He shrewdly assesses the personalities and motives of many influential figures, such as Gilbert Burnet, Lord Stair, and the Duke of Lauderdale. He is fair-minded and balanced in considering the problems of the Restoration government, and a sophisticated and reliable interpreter of this turbulent period. The only previous edition of his History, from 1817, is not generally available. The present edition has an introduction setting the book in its contemporary context and explaining why it was influential but frequently misinterpreted; and it provides brief notes to identify many characters who appear in the History.2000 0-7734-7869-8
In these essays, which cover a period of more than thirty years, a noted Joyce critic traces some of the major developments in the criticism of the 20th century’s most influential writer, revealing the critical tradition through which Joyce came to be considered a cultural icon.2007 0-7734-5191-9
This work examines John Ruskin’s Romantic Tours to the Lake District and Scotland in the summers of 1837 and 1838. The author offers reconstructions of the itineraries, presents a sequence of fifty-two drawings made on those journeys, and provides his first sustained critique in what was to be Ruskin’s formative work of architectural criticism, the fourteen essays which make up The Poetry of Architecture. This book contains 52 black and white photographs.1992 0-7734-9574-6
This study examines the attempt of the Central African Mission, and the work of the Scots, as they sought to fulfill Livingstone's vision of a missionary enterprise engaged in trade and commerce between Britain, Scotland and Malawi. It develops a full picture of the Scottish enterprise by examining both their internal policies on conversion, education, African culture and relations with Malawians, and their external policies focusing on socio-political involvement. The study contributes to knowledge of Malawi in the areas of missiology, and colonial history and politics, and gives insight into the attitude of Scottish churches and the Foreign Office.2004 0-7734-6291-0
Edward McHugh (1853-1915) spent a great deal of his lifetime engaged in the struggle for social reform not only in Great Britain and Ireland, but also further afield, including spells in America and the Antipodes. Born in rural County Tyrone to a smallholding family, before emigrating through economic necessity to the overcrowded industrial landscape of Greenock, and then Glasgow, McHugh shared with his friend, Michael Davitt, experience of both sides of the land question. It is not surprising that, having witnessed rural and urban poverty at an early age, McHugh would become firmly committed to the ideals of Henry George, and convinced that land, and its inequitable distribution, should lie at the root of all social ills.
After moving to Glasgow as a teenager to find work as a compositor, McHugh found himself in a city with various possibilities for developing his education as a social reformer. The Irish who had fled to the city in such numbers after the Great Famine were finally starting to organise themselves politically. Native Scots of all classes, especially those Gaels who had come from the Highlands as a result either of the Clearances or the region’s own famine in the 1840s, were contemplating the conditions in which the working classes of Glasgow, and other towns in Scotland, were forced to live. As a member of the Glasgow Home Rule Association, and then the secretary of the Glasgow branch of the Irish Land League, McHugh was singled out as a speaker and organiser of ability, and was chosen to lead a Land League mission to the Scottish Highlands in order to direct the nascent crofters’ agitation along radical lines. After the death of the Land League, McHugh toured Scotland with Henry George himself, and helped to found the Scottish Land Restoration League, a body dedicated to taxing land values to their full extent, thereby abolishing landlordism.
The ability shown by McHugh was then harnessed by the Trades Union movement, as he and his old friend Richard McGhee formed and ran the National Union of Dock Labourers, sustaining them through bitter strikes in Glasgow (1889), and Liverpool (1890). This latter strike was a turning point in McHugh’s domestic life, as he settled then in Birkenhead. Internal intrigue forced him to quit as General Secretary of the NUDL, but McHugh remained active in the Trade Unionism, spending the years 1896-1899 in New York, organising the American Longshoremen’s Union, and preaching the ‘Single Tax Gospel.’ The fact that McHugh was with Henry George at the time of the latter’s untimely death in 1897 gave the Ulsterman a great caché in Single Tax circles for the rest of his life, and on returning to Birkenhead he settled down and spent the rest of his life striving for social reform through the propagation of the George’s theories.1998 0-7734-8386-1
First full-length biography of Dempster, valuable for eighteenth-century political and economic history. During his 28 years in Parliament, Dempster played an active role: he opposed the American War, supported freedom of the press, the younger Pitt's plans for strengthening the national economy and Pitt's attempts to facilitate trade between Britain and Ireland. He supported also the encouragement of industry, fisheries and the building of roads. He was a proprietor (shareholder) and a director of the East India Company, active in debates at East India House. He is chiefly remembered as an improving landlord, striving energetically to introduce the latest agricultural methods.2000 0-7734-7527-3
William Tennant (1784-1848) has been called ‘the most original Scottish poet of his period’. This book remedies the neglect Tennant has suffered in comparison with his more famous contemporaries. His poetic oeuvre is re-evaluated and his often intensely localized characters and setting are explained and contextualized. Tennant’s many prose essays, translations and linguistic works are also reviewed, often for the first time, resulting in the most complete account to date of this undeservedly forgotten Scottish man of letters.2007 0-7734-5341-5
This study examines medicine and health, colonialism and Christian missionary efforts in Central Africa through the case-study of the Livingstonia Mission of the Free Church of Scotland in Malawi between 1875 and 1930. The author describes ideas, practices and experiences of illness, health and medicine among missionaries, Africans and colonialists in the Northern Malawi region. This book contains two color maps.2007 0-7734-5454-3
This book seeks to redress the exclusion of colliery managers and other mining professionals from the history of British, and particularly Scottish, coal industries. This is accomplished by examining these groups within the most crucial period of their ascendancy in the Scottish coal mining industry, 1930-1966. This work seeks to place such persons within their context and to examine their roles, statuses and behaviours through their relationships with employees and the execution of their functions, also examining their terms and conditions of employment, the outlook of their professional associations, and that of their union. Through all this, Dr. Perchard illustrates how this growing consciousness amongst managerial employees in the industry was accompanied by an intense public discussion, within the mining professions, over their future shape, principles and occupational standards.2007 0-7734-5362-8
This study examines the role of informal narrative (casual stories exchanged by people in everyday interactions) in the process of creating and maintaining cultural identity in relation to the inhabitants of the Orkney Islands off the Northern Coast of Scotland. These narratives serve as the means by which a community negotiates and forms its self identity and, therefore, provide a suitable window onto this cultural negotiation process. Combining symbolic interpretive theory from anthropology with performance theory from folklore, this analysis illuminates narrative as a cultural tool used to construct various identities, concepts of communality and community. This analysis, being directed towards the Orkney Islands, seeks to understand Orcadian identity in both its own perception of its separateness from mainland Scotland and the way in which it draws heavily on a sense of Scandinavian identity.1990 0-88946-077-9
A treatment of the islands of St. Kilda and the linguistic history of their place-names. Includes bibliographical references and index.2011 0-7734-3639-1
This study examines the current situation of the Celtic languages in Ireland, Scotland and Wales. It demonstrates how, over a significant period of time, they shifted under pressure from the domination of English from monolingualism to bilingualism.2006 0-7734-5543-4
John Banville’s protagonists long for a sense of completion that neither their own psyches nor the phenomenal world can satisfy. The novels, as works of art, enact a literary analogy of this tension by displaying elements of realism and postmodernism together: while they are written with an intense care for mimetic detail, they clearly accept the postmodern position on the inability of language to apprehend reality. Tensions of form and tensions of content are thus inextricably entwined to produce fictions that evoke an indefinable otherness while yet remaining firmly grounded in quotidian reality.
This reading is traced through four main themes: elucidation of the symbiotic link between the terms “significance” and “meaning”; the idea of the divided self; the centrality of conflict; and the way in which all of these themes, filtered through the author’s unique style, show how Banville’s oeuvre can be seen to form a cultural and psychic bridge between mysticism and postmodernism. Banville’s art portrays human consciousness in its perennial bind of being forever trapped in language and forever yearning to make language coincide with its silent other.2006 0-7734-5650-3
This book examines medieval Scottish literature in light of theories on national identity, exploring how notions of ethnicity, language, class, kinship, history, folklore, and writing influence the ways Scots identify themselves. With chapters devoted to John Barbour’s Bruce
, Sir Richard Holland’s Buke of the Howlat
, and Blind Hary’s Wallace
, Scottish identity is seen as a textual construction, the product of medieval writers’ tales of Scottish heroes such as Bruce, Douglas and Wallace. Barbour’s historical romance portrays the struggle to establish Bruce as king of Scotland as a popular national struggle, while Holland’s allegorical beast fable suggests that there were competing identities (familial, baronial, royal) in Scotland. Blind Hary’s Wallace
, an anti-feudal outlaw tale which has become a national epic, redefines Scottishness in light of heroism and ethnicity. These three poems illustrate three different stages of the medieval development of Scottish national consciousness, a consciousness that broke away from the limited confines of feudal ideology and began to embrace a diversity of identities which existed in Scotland during the later Middle Ages.2013 0-7734-3041-5
A fresh insight into the relationship between Scottish missionaries and the indigenous peoples in Africa which focuses on the outcomes of missionary activities in the process of imperial conquest and colonization among the Amasiri, of Ebonyi state in southeastern Nigeria.1995 0-7734-8971-1
Based on manuscripts in the British Library and published documentary collections, this book examines the role played by the Earl of Arran in the collapse of Anglo-Scottish diplomacy during the last years of Henry VIII's reign and the rule of Protector Somerset. In late 1542, Henry pursued a scheme to stop the war and subvert Scottish independence based upon the marriage of his son Edward and the infant Mary Queen of Scots. Despite initially appearing pro-English, Arran frustrated Henry's scheme until the Scots could resist more successfully, through a renewal of the old alliance with France.2015 0-7734-3521-2
Death is one of the few constants of human experience. It is a fact of life that binds humanity. Despite its familiarity, the rituals, customs, and attitudes relating to it are ever-changing, always reflecting the hopes, fears, and ambitions of living society. This book considers how death practices were transformed during the nineteenth century. Using Edinburgh as a backdrop, it covers a range of issues relating to death, from changing expectations at the graveside to changing attitudes toward the afterlife. The nineteenth century was a formative period. Here, we witness the foundations being laid for many of the features that we take for granted in the early twenty-first century.
A rapidly changing society saw death become a statistical issue, a public health issue, an event where professional practitioners become increasingly important in terms of how the vent was handled. Yet institutional change would be only one of a number of dynamic forces that were shaping the manner in which people met their end. An increasingly capitalist economy meant that death would become big business. This in turn would transform how the funeral and the expression of grief, would be performed. But it is never a one-way process, and change does not always filter down from an institutional level. Any change in death culture reflects a number of processes, some of which are obvious, and some given the private nature of loss, which are ultimately inscrutable.1992 0-7734-9597-5
Up-to-date works by renowned figures in the field of Scottish studies, scholars from Scotland, England, Australia, and the U.S. covering the literary traditions of Scotland from the ancient poetry of the Picts to Scots translations of Italian poems in the 20th century.
Essays include: Brett and Pict, Taliesin and Aneirin in Early Scotland (Matthew P. McDiarmid); "The hurt off ane happie the vther makis" - Henryson's Construction of his Audience (Rosemary Greentree & Steven R. McKenna); Prescriptions for Laughter in Some Middle Scots Poems (David Parkinson); William Dunbar - Scottish Goliard (Joanne S. Norman); "Self aboif the sternis styld" - Dunbar, Skelton, and the Beginning of the British Renaissance (James A. McGoldrick); The Political Dimensions of Desire and Sexuality in Poems of the Bannatyne Manuscript (Evelyn S. Newlyn); Janet Douglas and the Witches of Pollock - The Background of Skepticism in Scotland in the 1670s (Richard L. Harris); Dipped in Ink - Catherin Trotter's Olinda's Adventures (Edna L. Steeves); The Cultural Theater - "Being and Seeming" in Gay's Beggar's Opera and Burns' "Jolly Beggars" ( Terryli McMillan Raine); James Currie and the Making of the Burns Myth (Carol McGuirk); Scots Poetic Tradition - Wooing and Marriage in Poems by Ebenezer and Joanna B. Picken (Marilyn Malina); John Galt's Ringan Gilhaize - A Historical Novel (Margaret Elphinstone); Carlyle's Ireland and Ireland's Carlyle (Jules Seigel); William Walker and The Bards of Bon-Accord (A. M. Kinghorn); and Alastair Mackie's Translations from Leopardi (J. Derrick McClure).2007 0-7734-5452-7
This study shows the change in the Society of Friends (Quakers) in Scotland from the beginning of the nineteenth century, when it was in a perilous state and appeared unlikely to survive, to the end of the twentieth, by which time its membership was steadily increasing – in marked contrast to many other denominations. By analysis of primary sources, including minutes of Meetings, birth, marriage and death records, and contemporary journals, the demographics of Society membership are charted over the two centuries under consideration. While demonstrating that Scottish Quakerism was rescued from oblivion largely by the efforts of immigrants from England during the nineteenth century, the book also provides an analysis of the views and attitudes of contemporary Scottish Quakers which demonstrate the continuing appeal of an ‘active and united body.2004 0-7734-6416-6
This work examines the evolution of Scottish hermeneutical method from John Knox to the early 20th century, showing how the method was transformed from a Primitivism (a term borrowed from the history of ideas) to “historical consciousness” as represented by the higher critical method. This work examines the whole “big picture” of transformation based on the “paradigm shift” or presuppositions from the primitivism of John Knox and others to the Enlightenment-based historical-critical method.2012 0-7734-2582-9
A first time historical analysis and case study of the Temperance Movement in the mid-19th century Scotland, focusing on Aberdeen. The main focus of the book is to examine who the temperance reformers were but also what motivated them. By drawing from local newspapers, writings, and speeches and studying the rhetoric that the temperance movement used, the book also shows that the movement was not one uniform movement and that it was shaped by religious, political, industrial, and urban influences.1995 0-7734-9413-8
This study pays particular attention to trends in the light of the contemporary interest in the study of rhetoric and belles lettres in Scotland during the period of the Enlightenment. Topics covered include contemporary attitudes to the 18th-century Scottish sermon; training in rhetoric in Scotland; printed theories of pulpit rhetoric; the reflection of current literary trends; and links to contemporary developments in the fields of elocution, drama and literature.2008 0-7734-0645-X1990 0-88946-468-5
Has dual usefulness as an analysis of the role of moderation during a revolutionary upheaval and as a comprehensive portrait of the quintessential moderate of the Scottish Reformation, a man who trod the difficult middle ground between the forces of Knox and those of Regent Marie Guise and her daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots. Examines the sources and character of Secretary Maitland's moderation; traces his goals and motivations; delineates his political philosophy and practice; and shows the sort of religious establishment Maitland sought, as contrasted with Knox's vision of the Church.