Subject Area: China, Taiwan, Hong Kong
The Aboriginal Peoples of Taiwan have a rich and varied cultural heritage. Historically, there was no written form of their native languages. Cultural knowledge and values within the different tribal groups was often transmitted through folk tales. These folk tales offer a valuable window into the rich cultural history of the Aboriginal Peoples of Taiwan. Furthermore, the tales contain fundamental values that aim to teach younger members a sense of right and wrong. It is one important way the tribal groups have been able to keep their traditions and ways of thinking alive. To this day, these tales serve as a crucial way of passing heritage and values to the younger generations of indigenous tribal members.
Many of the folk tales of the indigenous peoples in Taiwan have an intimate relationship with nature. As such, the aboriginal folk tales of these peoples represent an important element of their ‘native’ literatures, and are being increasingly appreciated as forming an essential part of Taiwan’s national culture. This book presents essential elements of this indigenous literature through selected folk tales, featuring animals, heroes, and ordinary people having heroic experiences. This book contains 42 black and white photographs.2001 0-7734-7614-8
This book examines the role of China’s top administrative elites during and after the post-Mao administrative reforms, and determines to what extent the changes and their impact on the policy-making have brought about better economic policies and development. Qualitative and quantitative methods coupled with surveys, interviews, biographical and documentary-historical methods, and other primary and secondary data are combined in this empirical study.1998 0-7734-8360-8
Alcohol has been the means to induce altered states of consciousness in many religious contexts. This book is the first to examine how alcohol-based trance states can be a feature of ancestor veneration practices. Two cases are explored in detail. In the first, alcohol is established as the trigger which induced a state of spirit mediumship in the Zhou dynasty Chinese Personator of the Dead. In the second case, the Ugaritic and Iron Age Palestinian marzeah is revealed as a descent to the dead induced by alcohol consumption. Principal sources are Chinese odes, histories and ritual texts, Ugaritic Texts and Biblical prophetic literature. Archaeological evidence also contributes to understanding these two rituals in their cultural contexts.2001 0-7734-7424-2
This study applies the most recently released government documents from Russian and Chinese archives and updated English scholarship to the analysis of both US and Chinese diplomatic activities.2005 0-7734-5966-9
Hai Zi, originally named Cha Haisheng, had published a large amount of outstanding poetry from 1984-1989 and was regarding as one of the major contemporary Chinese poets. In March 1989, he committed suicide by laying himself on a railroad track at Beijing Shan Hai Guan at the age of 25.
Hai Zi’s poetry seems to be anachronism. China has been through a great change, and the traditional countryside is disappearing with the large migration of peasants from villages to cities. Economic reform and consumerism are fast developing. Hai Zi’s nostalgia for the vanishing agricultural culture makes him an anachronism. His poetry still lives on the traditional Chinese agricultural landscape and mindscape, and the 19th century European idea of divine inspiration; that the genesis of poetry is analogous to the genesis of the universe; poetry comes from a divine spark; the poet is no less than a god, and his limited human body consumes itself to feed that divine essence in him. In his poems we may find Nietzsche’s idea of Zagreus; the descent of the world from a mythical oneness and the throes of individuation; Hölderlin’s same idea of cosmic descent and departing gods.2004 0-7734-6573-1
This study discusses ancient and classic Chinese art in interdisciplinary perspective, from the pre-historical age to the end of the Tang dynasty, including historical, cultural, philosophical, and political facts and how they impacted development. Also includes biographies of the artists, critics and scholars. It is richly illustrated with 40 full-color plates, in 8½ x 11 format, the majority of these plates introduced for the first time to Western readers.2011 0-7734-3927-7
The art of Chinese paintings developed rapidly during the Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties from 1271-1911. This book offers a survey of the development of Chinese painting during these three dynasties. The book is an interdisciplinary historical aesthetic study of Chinese painting and art. It examines how social, political, philosophic, and religious factors impacted Chinese painting. The authors have collaborated to produce a valuable resource guide that lists the most significant Chinese painters to emerge during a span of 600 years. There are over 40 illustrations throughout the text of this book.2015 0-7734-0090-7
The first clear and concise analysis of how economic decentralization in China has created autonomous leverages for the provincial governments, and how through bargaining, concessions, and cooperation with the provincial governments that the central government has promoted rapid economic growth.2000 0-7734-7853-1
This material on the early experimentation with metals and alloys and on production of metal artifacts is essential to understanding the emergence of early Chinese civilization as well as to learning about China in relation to its neighbors. The materials presented here will alter the view that Chinese society developed in a vacuum, and that dynastic China was the exclusive making of local cultures in the Yellow River Valley. The articles have neither been brought together nor been available in English before. The maps and charts were produced from information taken from the original site reports and laboratory results not available previously.2004 0-7734-6504-9
This facing-page edition makes translations of over 150 poems of contemporary Chinese poet/author Huang Xiang available to the Western world for the first time in a collection. Since he is subject to a long-term ban against publication of any of his writings in his native China, only a few of his poems have ever been read and translated in the West. A member of the proscribed classes by virtue of his birth, he was subjected to harassment, imprisonment and brutality from his childhood until his departure from China in 1997. His writings have already gained high and deserved respect in the small scholarly circle that is familiar with them in China and the West. The book has an extensive bibliography listing all books published by Huang Xiang outside China, plus many that refer to him or quote his works, as well as general works on Chinese poetry. The long biographical introduction will be of great value to scholars who wish to pursue the origins of Underground Literature in which Huang is a major figure, and the later Menglung “misty, obscure”) poetry that followed it. The poems themselves are in clear recitable English. The book’s composition, with the original Chinese on the left and English on the right, matched line for line, offers an excellent pedagogical tool, as well as a subject for study by critics, commentators, and students of language. The book also includes a section of personal photographs, and a foreword by Huang Xiang.2004 0-7734-6497-2
The travel writers, or travel savants, as they are characterized in the work, rarely traveled alone but typically promoted a travel persona of the idealized solitary traveler derived from deeply engrained traditions in Western travel literature. Such solitary projections were mitigated by a narrative device that envisioned traveling companions in the form of an imaginary British readership. They sought to bring to their readers parts and elements of China not yet visited or profiled by Western writers. A critical component of the study engages travel encounters, namely the crowds, servants, official, transportations forms, inns, foods, dangers, and hardships of the road. Such encounters invoked fascination and wonder, but also engendered fear, aversion, and irritation – responses central to the norms of travel writing and the travel savant’s identity that invariably colored the representational process, reinforcing existent stereotypes about China and the Chinese2005 0-7734-6316-XOVERSIZE. 8½ x 11 format with 50 photo illustrations
This interdisciplinary study on the development of Buddhist art and architecture in China from the early period till the Qing Dynasty is in a 8½ x 11 format with 50 photo illustrations, the majority of which have never been shown or introduced to the Western world. This outstanding work will be an invaluable resource book particularly for those in the fields of Art History, Architecture and Asian Studies.2016 1-4955-0515-4
This important book provides new and robust research on a contemporary global issue, that of population aging and how to deal with it. Dr. Cheng’s masterful analysis of Taiwan’s Community Care Centres links personal participant satisfaction in quality of life matters to the public policy and public health issues of addressing an aging society.2002 0-7734-7051-4
This volume features two scholars from China and two from Hong Kong. They represent an international outlook on the set of problems they address. The contribution of this work is to highlight a few significant aspects of Christian higher education in China during the Republican Period (1912-1949, especially the fading of religious and theological education, and the paradoxical growth at some of these foreign-established institutions of high quality academic programs in Chinese studies.1995 0-7734-9059-0
This study introduces principles and practices of ocean law by discussing particular issues of major concern for less developed states. It maps the development of these issues and how they have influenced the ocean policies of the states in East Asia, especially China. It examines the major nonliving resource in the area, oil, because geological surveys predict enormous offshore oil deposits. In an attempt to extend their boundaries to include as much of the rich seabed as possible, the East Asian states are involved in disputes over boundary methods, island claims, and exploration rights. It also examines management and development of the living resources, as food supplies are depleted by rapidly growing populations and marine pollution. It looks at the concerns of effective national security, involving freedom of navigation and movement. The final chapter concludes by reassessing underlying assumptions in international ocean policy and Chinese ocean policy, and the new focus on the oceans that centered on the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention.2010 0-7734-3777-0
This is the first English language book to systematically examine the life and art of Mei Lanfang (1894-1961). Mei, who specialized in female roles in classical Chinese theatre, especially jingju, is widely considered the greatest actor of twentieth-century China. This text includes analyses of his work from Chinese, Western, Russian,and intercultural perspectives.2008 0-7734-4941-8
Examines the competing views of the influence of geopolitics on the source, continuity, and change in the development of Chinese oil production.2011 0-7734-3658-9
This book examines the significance of China’s open-door policy to comparative education and its effect on Chinese educators. It considers traditional forms of the Chinese teacher-student relationship and how differences in pedagogical theory in China and the West influence this relationship.2010 0-7734-3624-3
This work demonstrates that the ultimate creation and performance of the ancestor memorial liturgy by the Catholic Church is the practical realization of the ideal to renew attempts at worldwide inculturation as set forth during Vatican II. This book contains twelve color photograhs.2002 0-7734-7321-1
Built on a case study of the experience of the Chinese Steamship Bureau, this work questions the current paradigms in approaching the role of the Chinese state in the late imperial period. Furthermore, it provides a reassessment of the nature and spectrum of state power and its resilience in adapting to the new social environment in the crisis-ridden 19th century.2001 0-7734-7320-3
This study investigates the entire process of deviant labeling under the leadership of Chairman Mao between 1950 and 1978. Through the use of life history materials that include autobiographies and memoirs published in both English and Chinese, the causes of the labeling, the lives of the deviants, and the consequences of deviant labels on individuals, family members, and significant others are thoroughly analyzed. It documents the impacts of labeling on the self-concept of deviants and the creation of a new socially and politically defined deviant class, the ‘enemies of the people’ in Mao’s China.2005 0-7734-6097-7Winner of the Adele Mellen Prize for Distinguished Contribution to Scholarship
The present research is the first attempt ever made at a systematic analysis of classical Chinese supernatural fiction known as zhiguai
under the morphological framework designed by Vladimir Propp (1928) and later developed by Alan Dundes (1964). Zhiguai
has long been a focus of Chinese studies, but the studies have been generally confined either to exploration into the geographical-historical sources of zhiguai tales or to the recognition and reconstruction of society in ancient China through zhiguai literature. A systematic study of this genre from a structural-functional perspective will shed light on the rules governing the textual organisation of classical Chinese fiction of the supernatural and strange. While the focus of this work is on a synchronic presentation of textual features and structural patterns of zhiguai
fiction, a general review of zhiguai
literature is conducted before a morphological analysis is made of this genre. The main purpose for this diachronic exploration is to complement the synchronic analysis of tale texts so as to present a panoramic view of classical Chinese fiction of the supernatural and strange.2003 0-7734-6846-3
This study explores the changing conceptualization of social/cultural/gender/ethnic identities in contemporary China under the crushing power of capitalist globalization. His analysis integrates the ’cultural studies’ approach into the survey of contemporary Chinese society and culture. He selected verbal/visual texts range from rock music, bestsellers, and film to advertisements and TV commercials. Chapters include a review of ‘Chinese-ness’ as a geopolitical and cultural concept; an examination of Chinese rock singer Cui Jian; gender identity, as seen in contemporary feminist writing in Wei Hui’s Shanghai Jewel, and gay literature such as Wang Xiaobo’s novella “East Palace, West Palace”; and finally examines ethnic identity through the writing of Zhaxi Dawa (Turbulent Shambhala) and other ethnic minority writers.1992 0-7734-9799-4
This study compares the educational ideas and implementations of Dewey and Mao from 1919 to 1981 in the context of Chinese modern history. The differences between them, on whether school is society or society is school, whether class character should be embodied in moral education, and whether intellectuals are leaders or mere followers in social transformation, highlight the most fundamental debates in education, still unsettled today. Their similarities in emphasizing the connection between school and society, the role of experience in learning, and of morality in schooling illuminate the essential issues in modern education. The interweaving of their differences and similarities offers us intriguing and provocative insights for education today and tomorrow.2008 0-7734-4880-2
First comprehensive analysis in English of the social dimension of Tawian’s New Age movements.2008 0-7734-5241-9
This book is a study of the recruitment strategies and conversion rhetoric in contemporary religious movements, focusing primarily on two movements in Taiwan, Tzu Chi and Falun Gong. The author demonstrates that an examination of such rhetoric has the potential to provide genuine insights into how a given religion gains adherents. This book contains seven black and white photographs of figures.2002 0-7734-7299-1
This study determined that there are significant differences in subject content, visual style, and expression of cultural values in the photo collections, and that these are most strongly linked to differences in the parent culture, class, and gender. The effect of immigration is a dominant factor.
“. . . until this book by Geoffrey Poister no one has done a systematic cross-cultural study of family photography. Poister not only looks at the private pictures of kin in their everyday worlds but also analyzes how family photography constructs family life. The author does not rely on methods that might distance him or us from his subjects, he gets close and personal using long interviews and participant observation on location, in homes. Poister reveals how photograph albums capture an idealized romantic version of the nuclear family. . . . By integrating the study of visual culture and family life, Poister’s innovative scholarship makes a contribution to many fields including sociology, anthropology, communications, and human development. This is both an insightful and richly descriptive book, one that will keep you reflecting about your own life and how you picture it.” – Robert Bogdan2002 0-7734-7193-6
In addition to exploring the experience of these Chinese students, this study examines the social, cultural, economic and political history of the two countries. Due to the Americanization of China’s higher education before the Sino-Japanese War in 1937, the students were well-prepared for studying in the United States. But the unexpected founding of Communist China and the development of the Cold War prevented some from returning. When they did return, some suffered during the political campaigns in China, and a few became members of a CCP-controlled elite.
“. . . a fine effort supported well by a wide variety of sources. . . . the United States and China have had for generations a deep and personal connection with each other. Countless thousands of students from each country have studied in the other and this continues through today. There is a record there that needs to be understood and Ting Ni’s work helps us to understand that record. . . . a particularly important contribution to the history of Sino-American activities and a contribution that will be sorely needed as we move into the coming decades when not only contemporary Sino-American relations but the history of Sino-American relations will become important tools for those attempting to guide our two nations toward a cooperative and successful future.” – Steven Leibo2011 0-7734-1492-42003 0-7734-6941-9
This study provides little-known mathematical, musicological and scientific facts regarding the discovery of musical equal temperament, and narrates the circumstances of the discovery in the historical and cultural contexts of the period (mid 16th to early 17th centuries) which, in turn, is placed in the intellectual chronology of the Eastern and Western worlds. By offering documentary evidence and information not found in Western publications, the book invites the reader to see the mathematics of the equal temperament and its discovery in an entirely new light.2000 0-7734-7733-0
This biography critically examines the life and career of Elijah Coleman Bridgman. Bridgman was sent to the port of Canton in southern China in 1830 as a representative of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. One of the small number of Protestant missionaries who arrived in China prior to the Opium War, he played a key role as a pioneering scholar and cultural intermediary, laying the foundations for American sinology and shaping the development of early Sino-American relations. Editor of the world’s first major journal of sinology, The Chinese Repository, Bridgman became America’s first ‘China expert’. Among his other works was the first Chinese language history of the USA, and he also contributed greatly to the formulation of America’s first treaty with the Chinese government.2005 0-7734-6145-0
This book examines China’s policy of gradualism in reforming its state-owned enterprises (SOEs). It argues that political constraints forced China’s leaders to opt for a go-slow approach, rather than the “shock therapy” approach used by most Eastern European economies in transition. The book’s contribution to the literature on SOE reform is its focus on the impact of reforms on SOE employees. It examines how SOE obligations to provide employment and welfare (housing distribution and allocation, health care, and social security) for employees were reduced in the reform era, sparking worker protests. The book looks at the impact of reforms on workers, and argues that SOE reform will continue, but at a pace determined by labor’s response to the reforms. The book argues that labor’s response to the reforms forced China’s leaders in the late 1990s to resist privatization of large industrial SOEs, and opt instead for marketization and corporatization. The book is based on archival and field research in China and Hong Kong, and uses the Baoshan Iron and Steel Works (Baogang) and the Anshan Iron and Steel Works (Angang) as case studies of industrial SOE reform.2005 0-7734-5952-9
This study examines the history of modern education in Republican China and analyzes its interaction with China’s traditional educational heritage. In the first decade of the 20th century, the Chinese government introduced a new, national system of education, hoping that doing so would produce for China the human resources it needed to save itself from foreign encroachment. The new structure, however, was designed in accordance to foreign models that were hardly suited to conditions in China, and it had to compete with a strong indigenous educational tradition that was intimately associated with important features of Chinese social structure.
Ultimately, when evaluated in the reformers’ own hopes and expectations the new schools were a failure. Often referred to as the “foreign eight-legged essay,” they contributed to the destruction of a system of schooling that had helped to integrate traditional Chinese society by providing, at minimum, an avenue for upward mobility that most people considered fair and an introduction to an intellectual and literary heritage that all Chinese could claim as their own. Meanwhile, they introduced both a new set of values that many people considered alien, and a new set of neither institutions that produced the skilled manpower that the reformers sought nor the channel for upward mobility that elite aspirants wanted. By reforming the schools, instead of saving China, the reformers contributed to the disintegration for which the Republican Period is aptly remembered.2010 0-7734-3632-4
This study identify differences in youngsters’ concepts and practices of lying about good deeds are rooted in variations in the way they react to authority figures, socio-cultural rules, peers, and personal feelings.2011 0-7734-1373-1
Applying anthropological perspectives, this study investigates the pattern of local people's identity-expression in their ordinary lives in Enshi Prefecture, a "multi-ethnic" (duo minz
u) area in central China, and find no ethnic boundary based on local agroecosystem construction, selection of basic foods, cooking strategy, flavouring pattern, meal pattern, meal structure, food rules, and local knowledge of food plants.2001 0-7734-7675-X
This volume contains folklore selections written first in the Salar written system, the same selection rendered in the International Phonetic Alphabet, followed by an English translation. This is the first time such an extensive collection of Salar literature has been written in the Salar’s own writing system and it is the first anthology of the folklore translated into English with Salar and IPA counterparts. The preface was written by the West’s leading Salar scholar. This is a must for all Chinese, Islam, folklore, and minority collections. With Illustrations2009 0-7734-3890-4
This work is the first detailed Western study of contemporary funeral rituals in villages in north China. At a time of great social transformation in China, this work examines funeral rituals, encompassing the rites of transformation and the rites of disposal.1996 0-7734-8798-0
The process of rapid growth of the economic potential of China is accompanied by establishment of Chinese economic control over neighboring countries and regions, including eastern regions of the former Soviet Union. This study contains detailed research and analyses of the economic process of China and the former USSR and the relationship between them.2006 0-7734-5886-7
This book describes the history and development of the Orthodox Church in China from its origins in 1242 A.D., its Eastern Church forebears, and its development in the other nations of North Asia – Korea and Japan.
By 1955, on the eve of its establishment as an independent entity, the Orthodox Church in China reached its greatest numbers. There were more than 100,000 communicants in former Russian territory in Manchuria, with 200 priests and 60 parishes, as well as monasteries and a seminary. Elsewhere, in China, there were another 200,000 Orthodox Christians and 150 parishes. These conservative figures mean that at that time, around 6% of Chinese Christians were adherents of the Orthodox Church.
The activities and achievements of the Orthodox Church, especially since the 17th century, have been understated in many historical studies of Christianity in China.
It is a similar story in regard to the first impact of Christianity with the cultures of Japan and Korea. Eastern Christianity came to Japan from China between the seventh and ninth centuries. There is also evidence that Eastern Christian missionaries were present in Korea during the sixth century. This book details the nature and evidence of these early activities.2013 0-7734-4503-X
A succinct yet remarkable incisive study of the complex interplay between language, modes of reading it, and modes of thinking as observed in the surviving literature of classical Greece and the roughly contemporary corpus inherited from the age of Confucius in China.2002 0-7734-6976-1
This is the first systematic study of the work of U.S. foreign correspondents in China, focusing on how they understand and communicate the culture and politics of China to Americans. It examines how they gather news, interpret events, cope with Chinese government relations and present a picture of China on a continuous basis.2009 0-7734-4753-9
Written by two former diplomats, this work is the first in-depth analysis of the political relationship between the United States and Mongolia. The study elucidates why, despite over a hundred years of substantive interactions between the two countries, the establishment of formal diplomatic relations did not occur until 1987.2008 0-7734-5145-5
Looks at the impact of Western Christianity on the native peoples of Mexico and Central America, as well as of China and Japan. The work thoroughly describes the collision of Christianity and paganism, asserting that the encounter is best understood via a full examination of their underlying cosmological points of view.1993 0-7734-2228-5
This study examines the Northeastern provinces, where close to two million Koreans represent the most important non-Han ethnic community. Relatively recent immigrants, their historical and cultural background is closer to that of the Han Chinese than that of most other non-Han nationalities. This regional case study illustrates not only the limits but the achievements of the Chinese Communist party's nationality policy, and demonstrates the importance of going beyond a macro-analysis of Chinese policies to show what insights can be gained by focusing on a specific area of study. Regional studies can also facilitate the analysis of the subtleties of China's ethnic diversity and the difficulty of generalizing the results of nationality policy implementation.2001 0-7734-7607-5
This book demonstrates that intellectual dissidence not only has existed since ancient times, but is a powerful force for change today. Chinese intellectuals are not always scholars of patience and endurance as they are known in the West. Some, like the three examined here, Fang Lizhi (a brilliant astrophysicist who in effect challenged the Party’s exclusive right to rule by calling for human rights and democracy), Liu Binyan (a muckraking journalist and professed Marxist who exposed the dark, bureaucratic side of Communist rule), and Yan Jiaqi (China’s foremost political scientist who argued that reforms in the political, economic, legal and cultural realm are interconnected and interdependent, and that Western ideas and institutions are applicable to and needed in China), have become leaders of movement for democracy.1990 0-88946-508-8
An invaluable reference for Sinologists, historians of photography, and museum archivists: a rare assortment of prints taken by an eye-witness observer to the Boxer Uprising in the summer of 1900, with accompanying text. In the photographs taken for this 1900 travelogue, Ricalton's photographic style is unmistakable, done with an eye for composition and detail that set his images far above the ordinary. His travelogue and photography are also important for their documentary reportage of a world long since obliterated. The Ricalton travelogue itself - CHINA THROUGH THE STEREOSCOPE - is divided into "A Journey Through the Dragon Empire at the Time of the Boxer Uprising" and "The Boxer Uprising: Journal to the Seat of War." With appendix, notes, and bibliography.1993 0-7734-9571-1
Japanese scholarship is of great importance for virtually every field of Chinese studies. This Handbook leads to a wealth of bibliographical and biographical information about more than 1,500 twentieth-century Japanese scholars of China. The work offers accurate readings of scholars' names, short characterizations of their areas of specialization, and indexes references to them in four other volumes. It includes as many bibliographies as possible of the work of individual Japanese China scholars, and includes hundreds of Japanese-language books and articles about them, as well as Festschriften dedicated to them. Pays special attention to English and other Western-language material about their scholarship: book-length translations, book reviews, and summaries. The Handbook has eight indexes: scholars' surnames by Chinese reading, scholars listed by field of study, scholars' western-language books; names of non-Japanese cited in volume; Chinese characters for journal titles, publishers, place of publication, phrases cited. As numerous scholars included in the Handbook are of importance to the study of Japan, Korea and other parts of Asia, the volume will benefit students of these areas as well.1992 0-7734-0030-3
An emotional and spiritual journey through the past decade in China, through the legacy of the cultural Revolution, the capitalist greed and optimism of the mid-eighties, to the traumatic events at Tiananmen.1999 0-7734-7961-9
This book presents policies in language and education, and implementation in specific settings. It describes the historical background that lead to the development of these policies, and presents the institutional context of the schools where reading is taught. Based on a study conducted over four years, involving daily observation in two different elementary schools and one kindergarten in Nanjing, China, this study describes the literacy acquisition process for Chinese children today. This study is recommended for Chinese language teachers, English as a second language instructors, linguists, students of comparative education, and sociologists.2008 0-7734-4894-2
This is a case-based approach to the construction of a rule-of-law society with Chinese characteristics by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in an attempt to build up its political legitimacy and to fulfil its nationalistic goal to develop China into a modern state. Based on a careful analysis of policy documents, jurisprudence and interview data on legal developments in contemporary China, the study reveals the distinctive place of ‘law’ and its close relationship to ideology in CCP led system, and concludes that the current legal construction, albeit not fully in compliance with Western conception of rule of law, is a legal-rational process aimed to modernise the Party-state and society.2010 0-7734-1332-4
This research aims to examine how and why a continental-oriented China has shifted its maritime strategic orientation and naval force structure from its coast toward the far seas in an era of interdependent international system. Generally, China is an ancient continental land power with an incomplete oceanic awareness. With the transformation after the Cold War of China’s grand strategy from landward security to seaward security, maritime security interests have gradually become the most essential part of China’s strategic rationale. This book contains six color maps.2005 0-7734-6046-2
This book presents, for the first time, an account of the marketing system for traditional medicines in China. It is based on a case study centered on Guangxi, one of China’s major producers of traditional medicines. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, medicines produced in Guangxi were transported directly to external markets by packhorses and then boats through the West River System. In the centrally planned economy after 1949, a diversified marketing system containing vertical task allocation connections, horizontally operated regional distribution routes and a dendritically structured local net work was formed in order to fulfill the government’s purchasing tasks. During the reform era of the 1980s, new market mechanisms emerged as a result of merchants’ pursuit of a trading culture based on an "ethic of honour" and the need to protect sources of supply. The net result is a marketing system that is quite distinct from the well-known rural marketing system for trade in non-specialised goods explored by other scholars.1996 0-7734-8863-4
This volume systematically reviews the history and current situation of school math and science. It critically examines the evolution of Chinese school math and science curriculum and instruction, concluding that Chinese math and science are socially and politically constructed and defined.1997 0-7734-8544-9
This volume examines the learning models of workplace training. The dominant model in North America is the behavioral approach, with strong emphasis on classroom-based and formal group activities. Three emerging alternatives to this model are examined: action regulation theory, critical reflectivity model, and "working-class adult education" approach. This analysis provides an overview of these models, examines the retraining scheme adopted in Hong Kong in 1992, its origin and evolution, model of training, an appraisal of its results, and provides recommendations and criticisms. It includes a bibliography of recent reports, press releases, studies and speeches on the subject.1995 0-7734-8981-9
The great Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna's writings on emptiness (sunyata) have profoundly influenced Indian, Tibetan and Chinese Buddhism for nearly 2000 years. The central statement of his thought is found in his Middle Stanzas. The Middle Treatise (T. 1564) here translated in full into English for the first time, is Kumarajiva's Chinese version of Nagarjuna's Middle Stanzas with the commentary attributed to the monk 'Blue Eyes' (Pingala, Vimalaksa) that exists only in the Chinese Buddhist canon. The introductory chapters set the Treatise in context within the Sino-Japanese Buddhist tradition, introduce Madhyamika ideas found in the Middle Treatise, and provide a detailed commentary on the Treatise for the modern reader, discussing each chapter and clarifying the argument of the Treatise. The Translation of all 27 chapters of the Middle Treatise forms the heart of the work, while the extensive Notes to the translation contain more discussion and specialized information including many of the Chinese terms found in the Treatise. The authorship of the Middle Treatise is considered in an Appendix. This is a significant addition to the small but growing body of translated texts of Sino-Japanese Buddhism, a tradition that remains relatively under-represented in modern Buddhist studies.2009 0-7734-3904-8
This work examines China’s economic development, its search for a democratic system, its strategy and ideology, and its foreign policy. It draws heavily on Chinese sources and also analyzes Deng Xiaoping Theory.2006 0-7734-5793-3
Although it may occasionally generate useful empirical material with which to illustrate generic theoretical developments, the Philippines is rarely viewed as being anything more than a minor branch of area studies. Even the question of trade between this small and weak member of Southeast Asia, and China (a true economic giant), has attracted comparatively little attention in the academic literature.
Yet the Philippines is of great importance to the wider Pacific region. It occupies a unique strategic position; it is predominantly catholic; it is strongly influenced by, and oriented towards, the Americas; and the Filipinos have formed communities in many countries throughout the world from Australia to Japan, from West Africa to Italy. Overseas Chinese, it is said, command the domestic economy. These are matters which, as China’s economic, political and military strength grows, will require academics to take a broader and deeper interest in the Philippines and its people.
This book contributes to the development of this interest in the archipelago. Its immediate purpose is to examine business organization, the practice of trade, and the political support of these activities, within and between the Philippines and China. As noted in the preface, this is a book with many aspects. It suggests that the heavy concentration on social relationships in everyday life in the Philippines compels social science to focus on the nature of social relationships and their instrumental and affective qualities. The experience of everyday life in the Philippines, and the emphasis on social relationships, also suggest that our instrumental and affective attitudes toward relationships cannot be cleanly separated from each other; our relationships are the substance of the social world; and without the choice to eschew instrumentalism, the affective comes to mean very little.
In setting out the play of relationships, representations, and attitudes, this book begins to detail the nature of complexity and uncertainly in the social world, and the reasons why events on the ground differ so far, and so often, from our expectations. It also begins to uncover what the meaning of those deviations might be. Thus, Chinese dominance of economic activities, and the essentially corrupt, patrimonial, and factionalized nature of the Philippine economy, when viewed as representations which inform the detail of practice, takes on significance. What are taken to be the commonalities underlying this complexity, uncertainty and apparent differences are also revealed. Thus, in both the Philippines and China, we begin to see striking similarities in economic and social practice irrespective of ethnicity, international borders and time, and while in the authoritarianism of economic and political institutions and practice in both the Philippines and China, we find the seeds of liberalism.2007 0-7734-5265-6
This study seeks to develop a thorough understanding of the change of ownership and property rights in the context of China in transition, with all the political and social implications that the process entails. To do so, the work aims both to understand and challenge the conventional property rights theory which fails to consider the organizational context of the societies in which economic institutions operate. The research identifies the strong presence of the state associated with the evolution of high-tech spin-offs in transitional China, the process of which has also been characterized by fuzzy property rights and public entrepreneurship as two key stepping stones of development.2002 0-7734-7011-52013 0-7734-4349-5
This refreshing work draws upon a multitude of fields including philosophy and psychology from both the eastern and western traditions in order to construct an inclusive view of ethics and gender. The goal is to better understand the crucial role that group awareness plays in advocating support in gender justice issues. This study includes the first ever English translation of the epic 12th Century work, Plaint of Lady Wang
This book provides an addition to the small but growing body of literature on the practices of photography in China. Using a collection of a surviving nineteenth century photographs of Beijing held in the collection of the Oriental Museum, University of Durham, the author explores both the cityscape as it was recorded by two Scottish photographers and the interplay of personality and professional identities within the Foreign Legation quarter during a thirty-five year period.
Three people are central to the book: the professional photographer John Thomson, the amateur photographer and missionary doctor, John Dudgeon and Stephen Bushell, physician to the British Legation, pioneer historian of Chinese art and original owner of the collection of the photographs. They provide the context and practice and provenance for the photographs and offer insight into the life of the small contingent of Westerners who resided within the walls of China’s capital.
The lives and activities of John Dudgeon and Stephen Bushell are explored here for the first time, the former revealed as an important contributor to the development of photography in China, the latter a major influence on the formation and interpretation of a number of important collections of a Chinese art in Britain and America.
This book will be of interest to historians of photography, art, architecture and China during the late nineteenth century.2016 1-4955-0478-6
Applying the literary tool of religious and cultural comparison into the biographical and textual events, this study blazes the trail for appreciating Haizi and his poetry from a totally different perspective than the present criticism. Dr. Li examines the biographical facts, reconstructs Haizi’s mysticism as an epistemological endeavor, reinterprets his oeuvre to position him properly in contemporary Chinese poetry and comes to the conclusion that being a Christian mystic is what makes Haizi who he is.2007 0-7734-5225-7
This book provides a comprehensive portrait of China at the dawn of the twenty-first century. The author surveys various issues including problems associated with the “One-Child Policy”, the condition of families and women, the rise of Christianity, areas facing ecological catastrophe, special economic zones, and growing splits and controversies in the Chinese Communist Party.1991 0-7734-9664-5
Writers include: Wang Meng, Wei Shixiang, Chao Naiqian, Xing Hongliang, Han Shaogong, Shen Rong, Chen Zhijing, Ma Bende, Li Xingtian, Li Songjin, and Liu Feng. Issues include incest, abortion, propaganda, economic reforms, and individual re-evaluations.2002 0-7734-7257-62006 0-7734-5809-3
Considering both significance and limitation of the existing gender perspective, this study views women’s liberation as a comprehensive project and part of the process of China’s democratization by using the prism of “public philosophy” to examine Chinese women’s liberation in a global context. Drawing the lessons from the past four revolutions in modern China, the author asserts that China needs the fifth revolution – remaking China’s public philosophy in order for Chinese women to achieve their full liberation in communist China. The author challenges the conventional Western and Eastern European opinions and refutes the official Chinese gender ideology, arguing that Confucianism is not the source of women’s oppression, Western feminism is not a panacea to women’s liberation, and Marxism cannot be the guiding principle of the Chinese women’s movement. To achieve the ultimate goal of women’s liberation, it is urgent for Chinese women to increase self-consciousness of women’s liberation and promote an independent women’s movement to fight for women’s rights in every aspect of Chinese society by focusing on five keys of women’s liberation. This study will contribute not only to China’s peaceful transition from the communist regime to a democratic one, but also to Chinese women’s liberation in a global context.2007 0-7734-5881-6Oversize book
After the death of the Emperor of the Hou Zhou dynasty in 959 A.D., the Song Dynasty emerged with General Zhao Kuang-yin as emperor. This book explores the intellectual, artistic and technical innovations during that time in which painting, literature, and philosophy reached new heights. Chapters deal with the Song landscape painting, religious, flower-and-bird, and figure painting; calligraphy; architecture; sculpture; religious art; ceramics and crafts. There is a prodigious number of biographical sketches on artists, and a section on art literature and critics. Over fifty illustrations are included.2000 0-7734-7638-5
This text compiles exhaustive, newly acquired evidence from multiple sources and evaluates its reliability in order to draw a picture of education as experienced by the people, benefiting from direct observations by contemporaries and participants, triangulating national with provincial data, and enriched by qualitative historical material. A strength of this work lies in its ability to move through a variety of conceptual frameworks including international development theory, rational choice theory, Chinese politics and history, educational reproduction and organizational theory. The text draws out the relationship between ideology, policy, implementation, socio-economic incentives, and the demand for education among the people. The differences experienced by rural versus urban populations and under the radical-egalitarian and moderate labor resources policies are highlighted. After decades of struggle around ideology, structures, intellectuals and the content of education, some years to the point of violence, overall literacy among the masses increased only a little. These findings point to the necessity to question official claims for mass basic education in Mao’s China, and to review the role of culture and socio-economic context in international development education.2001 0-7734-3376-72007 0-7734-5397-0
This study considers the goals which people from different cultures set for themselves and the strategies they employ in order to attain these objectives. Thirty-six American undergraduates and thirty-six undergraduates from the People’s Republic of China set for themselves individual professional goals. These students then elaborated what they associated with attaining their chosen objectives. The American group tended to imagine career advancement as the outcome of their self-set goal; in contrast, the Chinese group imagined acquisition of knowledge as their main objective. Concerning the attainment of their goals, the American students did not specify which strategies they would use to attain their goals, but thought that the existence of abilities and resources, such as money, determined whether or not they would be successful; in contrast, the Asian students imagined hard work, diligence and personal effort to be necessary. This book provides crucial insights into cross-cultural differences in people’s self-guided goal striving behavior, knowledge which is important to those who support individuals across the world in their goal setting and goal attainment behavior.2002 0-7734-7306-8
This monograph is a compilation of first-language speaker populations and other data of all the non-Han languages and dialects of China (including Taiwan) identified as of the end of 1998. It makes available for the first time in English information about these populations and contains the latest data on newly identified languages and dialects that have not yet been published. The information for each language includes: name(s) and dialects known; populations for each; locations of speakers in China and neighboring countries; intelligibility information; official nationality classification of the speakers; and alternate classification or status designations that have been proposed.2006 0-7734-5606-6
This book uses new institutional and Austrian theories advanced in recent decades to analyze Hong Kong’s economic transformation. It focuses on knowledge and coordination problems, and examines the role of entrepreneurship, small Chinese family enterprises and government policies in the economic development of Hong Kong. So far, no similar work has been published. Part I is the theoretical framework which explores the role of entrepreneurship, small business and government in the economic development of a small open economy. Part II and III explain how entrepreneurship and Chinese family businesses transform the economy of Hong Kong. Part IV focuses on the coordinating function of the Hong Kong government. This book will be of special interest to scholars of entrepreneurship, Asian business systems and economic development. It will also be of use to policy makers in latecomer economies.1991 0-7734-9636-X
This book is an introductory study of the emergence of Taiwan as an independent state within the Chinese nation.2004 0-7734-6414-X
This book offers an understanding of the background – both the deep historical background and the more recent political, economic, and cultural background – to the events of the last four years in Taiwan. It also offers an understanding of the unfolding of relations between Taiwan, China and the United States for many years to come. One of the most important points of this book is the range and depth of its coverage. The essays are not simply concerned with political and economic policy issues, but also cultural and lifestyle issues on a macro and micro level as well as matters of a comparative legal and historical nature. The collective analyses of the issues raised in these essays should provide long-term guidance for an understanding of the many ramifications of the Taiwan experience and Taiwan’s relations with the world.2010 0-7734-3628-6
This microethnographic study finds that student choral response (CR) is a recurrent and dominant student participation structure in the two six-grade mathematics classrooms in China. By applying a three-level cultural model (teacher’s cultural beliefs in mathematics teaching and learning, mathematics curriculum culture in China, and classroom culture) in analyzing data from interviews with the teachers, this work demonstrates how the various cultural factors work together to make Choral Response a culturally favored classroom discourse pattern.1993 0-7734-2242-0
Probes the question of whether the current insights and actions of Anglicans adequately anticipate potential political realities as the Church moves from British to Chinese communist rule. The resulting analysis is supported by reflection on the Church's history in Hong Kong and its relationship to the British and Chinese communities. Scrutinizes the potential for freedom of religion in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, in light of the Beijing-promulgated Basic Law, Hong Kong's future miniconstitution. Considers three political scenarios for China that might alter the Anglican agenda, and five scenarios for the Church in relation to China's possible attitudes toward religion. Recommends two strategies for pre-1997 Church action.1993 0-7734-9404-9
This book is primarily for the American business community, but can by used by anyone with a commercial interest in China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, and by students of international business. It covers a broad spectrum of topics, ranging from cultural environments to political events, from investment environments to the mechanics of trading in the region, and from history to current practical knowledge. Provides in-depth discussion of business cultures, negotiation styles, foreign trade policies, domestic distribution systems, investment policies, joint venture practices and technology transfer. Discussion questions for student use are included at the end of each chapter.2001 0-7734-7409-9
This study examines architecture and urban design as a joint entity, with a further subdivision, socio-cultural studies, used to develop a more complete picture of the ethical forces that shape the Chinese city. It incorporates information from other disciplines – history, archaeology, anthropology – to elaborate the discussions and conclusions. It highlights the influence of cumulative Chinese thoughts, beliefs, behavior, and ethics upon the formation of their distinctive spatial urban form.2006 0-7734-5537-X
This study considers the institutional evolution and progress of village elections in China. China’s dramatic economic growth in less than 30 years is the result of economic reforms initiated by Deng Xiaoping in the late 1970s, and thus has lifted more than 200 million people out of poverty. This change began with the “household responsibility system” permitting peasants to farm their own land, which eventually led to the abolishment of the commune system. In an effort to establish viable rural governance after de-communization, villagers took the initiative in establishing village self-government and electing their own leaders to manage village affairs. This book studies the creation and evolution of democratic institution of village election. It examines the causes of village election, the making of state and provincial election legislation, state implementation and improvement of village election rules and procedures, and the role of domestic and foreign players in influencing electoral institutionalization of village self-governance, and it assesses the impact of village election on Chinese political development. It argues for the institutional buildup of democratic infrastructures to ensure what could eventually be the beginning of a more extensive move towards democracy.2010 0-7734-1314-6
This double biography presents the multi-generational and cross-cultural impact of the missionary William Arnot Mather. William Mather who developed an ingenious system of transcribing the Scriptures into Chinese phonetic script spent his last years completing his phonetic Bible dictionary. Richard Mather expressed his own profound respect for China and commitment to promoting language and cultural literacy by pursuing another kind of missionary work: pioneering Chinese studies at the University of Minnesota. For nearly four decades, Richard made generations of grateful students “China1981 0-88946-151-1
Thirteen essays on foot binding, female infanticide, widow remarriage, the Taoist androgynous ideal, anti-westernization, etc., discussing the cultural, economic, political, and historical factors which contributed to the emergence of Chinese womanhood of today.