Subject Area: Popes/Papal

Americanization Process in the Second Generation: The German Lutheran Matthias Loy (1828-1915) Caught Between Adaptation and Repristinization
 Fry, C. George
2005 0-7734-6156-6 396 pages
Matthias Loy (1828-1915), a major educator, editor, author, church president, preacher, and Lutheran theologian, illustrates the dilemma of the second generation immigration in America. Born the fourth of seven children of impoverished German immigrants in Pennsylvania, Loy grew up torn between the European Legacy and the American Reality. His life as a major Lutheran leader in the Gilded Age indicates that struggle, seeking bilingualism (he wrote and preached in both German and English), personal and denominational success in the American Republic, combined with a determined Repristination of what he felt were the best elements of seventeenth century German Lutheran theology. The resulting synthesis made Loy not only one of the five most influential Lutheran leaders of his century, but a very rewarding study in the process of Americanization – not in the first generation (which often experiences ghettoization) nor the third (which is often “Americanized”), but the crucial – and neglected second generation – where the terms of engagement between the Old World Tradition and New World Innovation have to be negotiated.

Anselm and Luther on the Atonement Was It
 Eckardt, Burnell F. Jr.
1992 0-7734-9825-7 248 pages
This study responds to comparisons which have been made between St. Anselm of Canterbury and Martin Luther which have not taken into account their respective differences in purpose and method. This study examines their points of agreement as well as their points of difference. The use by each of the language of Scripture is also examined.

Berthold Von Schenk (1895-1974) - Pioneer of Lutheran Liturgical Renewal
 Fry, C. George
2004 0-7734-6550-2 140 pages
Berthold von Schenk defies easy analysis. Scion of an ancient German aristocratic family, he served as an inner-city minister, was a pioneer twentieth-century ecumenist, a dedicated parish pastor, and an internationally renowned author and scholar. Trained in St. Louis by the noted Missouri Synod dogmatist Franz Pieper, he was later summoned by Pope John XXIII to participate in the first of Protestant-Roman Catholic consultations prior to Vatican II. This study begins with a biography and overview of his times, and then concentrates on his philosophy and theology, groundbreaking for its time.

Concordat of Agreement Between the Episcopal Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
 Baima, Thomas M.
2003 0-7734-6701-7 262 pages
Although the Concordat of Agreement passed the 1999 Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) Churchwide Assembly, there was still a solid bloc of Lutherans who refused to receive its theology. This study examines the decision-making process which led to the failure of the Concordat at the 1997 ELCA Churchwide Assembly for the deeper causes of the ongoing non-reception. Using insights from several theological disciplines (canon law, ecclesiology, ecumenism, and sacramental theology), as well as organizational behavior and management, it analyzes the verbatim transcripts of the 1997 assembly. The data gained from this research identifies and analyzes both the method of bilateral dialogue and the content of the theological propositions regarding historic episcopacy and three-fold ministry which form the causes of the non-reception of the Concordat. The findings identify a flaw in the method used in the ELCA bilateral dialogues – the lack of inter-governance to balance the intercommunion. This insight challenges other bilateral dialogues to examine their method as well. Also, by reviewing these findings from the standpoint of ecclesiology, it is able to generalize how the flaws could affect the communion at the global level.

Higher Education’s Role in the Making of a New State
 Kuchinsky, Michael
2015 1-4955-0323-2 224 pages
This unique multidisciplinary case study targets the importance of higher education in facilitating and helping to produce social capital that empowered the people of Namibia to expand the necessary set of civic and political responsibilities to individuals chosen by church leaders to promote a new and transformed society in a once apartheid-like developing country.

Educating Lutheran Pastors in Ohio, 1830-1980 a History of Trinity Lutheran Seminary and Its Predecessors
 Huber, Donald L.
1989 0-88946-677-7 303 pages
An extremely well-written account, based on the premise that the history of the theological seminaries is the history of the Christian Church, that emphasizes the ecclesiastical and theological context in which the Ohio seminaries functioned.

Figure of Martin Luther in Twentieth- Century German Literature the Metamorphosis of a National Symbol
 Lippe, George B von der
1996 0-7734-8791-3 204 pages
This volume is a comprehensive treatment of the relationship of a society to its most powerful and controversial national symbol. Beginning with the heroic figure presented in the late 19th-century Festspiel, the study delineates the transformation of the literary projection of the Luther figure from Wilhelminian, through Weimar, into Third Reich cultural and political domains. The polarity which characterizes Luther depiction in the first half of the century is reflected in Luther as the cultural idol of the mainstream right and as archetypal symbol of betrayal and repression to the opposition and left intelligentsia. The study then traces the metamorphosis of Luther objectification in the divided German of the second half of the 20th century, characterized by an intense love-hate relationship in the GDR/East and more distanced, analytical relationship in the FRG/West; focal points include Thomas Mann's treatment of the Luther figure, Leopold Ahlsen's psycho-drama Der Arme Mann Luther, Dieter Forte's irreverent satire Martin Luther und Thomas Münzer, oder die Einführung der Buchhaltung, and Lutherjahr 1983 (Luther's 500 birthday) in East and West. Finally, the study considers the Luther figure in the context of German reunification - whether the Luther figure is a viable cultural symbol for Germans at the end of their most tumultuous century. This work targets an audience of Germanists and theologians, as well as those with a general interest in German cultural history. The text is in English, with English translation (by the author) and original German text for cited passages.

Henry Melchior Muhlenberg - The Roots of 250 Years of Organized Lutheranism in North America Essays in Memory of Helmut T. Lehmann
 Kleiner, John W.
1998 0-7734-8296-2 180 pages
These essays aim to deepen and broaden knowledge and understanding of the work, thought, and relationship of Muhlenberg in the colonial American setting.

Life-Experience and Biblical Text
 Parsons, Michael
2013 0-7734-4539-0 296 pages
This book examines Luther and Calvin on grief and lament and discovers through a close reading of letters, commentaries, and sermons that the reformers actually encourage righteous lament in times of pain and desolation. This means that the feeling of lament stems from a pure heart and is disposed to rest in God’s unfailing love, even at such times. It concludes with some pastoral insights gleaned from the reformers’ writing. Overturns the belief that Calvin’s rigorous arguments for providence and life after death essentially prevent any further consideration of lament in theology.

Luther and Calvin on Old Testament Narratives: Reformation Thought and Narrative Text
 Parsons, Michael
2004 0-7734-6525-1 342 pages

Lutheranism and Anglicanism in Colonial New Jersey: An Early Ecumenical Experiment in New Sweden
 Geissler, Suzanne
1988 0-88946-673-4 134 pages
The Lutheran Church of Sweden's ministry and mission began in the New World in 1636 with the short-lived colony of New Sweden and continued until 1789, or until about the time that the Swedish Lutheran churches of the Delaware Valley began joining the Episcopal Church (1784-1846). The story of the Swedish churches in colonial America constitutes a fascinating chapter in the history of ecumenical relations in America.

Martin Luther and the Modern Mind Freedom, Conscience, Toleration, Rights
 Hoffmann, Manfred
1985 0-88946-766-8 296 pages
Eight seminal essays by four American and four West German scholars, presented at a symposium held to commemorate the 500th anniversary of Luther's birth.

Martin Luther Knowledge and Mediation in the Renaissance
 Lindhardt, Jan
1986 0-88946-817-6 270 pages

Martin Luther's Christology and Ethics
 Lage, Dietmar
1990 0-88946-834-6 188 pages
Traces a dominant motif that has been all but overlooked in Luther studies, the imitatio Christi, in relation to Luther's Christ-mysticism and conformitas Christi.

Martin Luther’s Interpretation of the Royal Psalms: The Spiritual Kingdom in a Pastoral Context
 Parsons, Michael
2009 0-7734-4684-2 336 pages
This study examines Martin Luther’s interpretation of the royal psalms – Psalms 2, 45, 82, 110, 118 – by demonstrating the pastoral heart of Luther’s theology in which he underlines the importance of the spiritual kingdom, the centrality of Jesus Christ, faith, preaching and a tenacious grasp of the word of God. Each chapter examines Luther’s exposition of a specific psalm against his theological understanding of the two kingdoms.

Poetry as Liturgy: Presenting Poems in a Sacramental Sequence
 Pearson, Pen
2010 0-7734-3592-1 136 pages
This collection of poetry follows the order of a Lutheran worship service. Individual poems function as mock liturgy and the speakers or addressees as fictitious congregants. Because the poems replicate select voices of a congregation, they are informed by experiments in diverse voices and forms, including parody and homage, sonnet and villanelle, dramatic monologue, lyric, and narrative.

Reformed But Ever Reforming: Sermons in Relation to the Celebration of the The Handing Over of the Augsburg Confession (1830)
 Nicol, Iain G.
1997 0-7734-8484-1 216 pages
This sermonic treatise discusses some basic concerns regarding confession of faith within the German Evangelical church. It is both affirming and critical of the Augsburg Confession, handed over to the Emperor Charles V in 1530. Unified in mood and presentation, they comprise a companion volume to an ethical sermonic treatise on The Christian Household (Mellen, 1991).

Slovak Lutheran Social Ethics
 Gluchman, Vasil
1997 0-7734-8651-8 168 pages
This volume investigates the meaning and contribution of Slovak Lutheran Social Ethics to the formation of social ethical thinking in Slovakia. It is a systematic view, examining it in the social, political and spiritual context of the development of the Slovak nation, Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, linking the development of the Protestant social ethics in Europe and the world. Chapter I presents a methodological background for the understanding of problems of social ethics in general, emphasizing Slovak Lutheran Social Ethics. Chapter II presents an historical survey of the development of Lutheranism in Slovakia, and then analyzes the development of the social and ethical opinions of Slovak Lutherans from about the end of the 19th century to the end of WWII. Chapter III follows a Christian Socialist line and the Christian Realist line after WWII. Chapter IV investigates the period from 1948 to the present.

German Pietism in Colonial America, 1733-1765 (Two Book Set)
 Kleckley, Russell C.
2009 0-7734-4759-8 900 pages
These letters, most previously unavailable, illustrate the regular correspondence of Johann Martin Boltzius with supporters and benefactors in Europe. The volume will interest scholars of religion, social historians, and cultural studies.

In his regular correspondence with supporters and benefactors in Europe, Johann Martin Boltzius, the principal pastor and leader of the Salzburger exiles who settled in the community of Ebenezer in colonial Georgia, provided commentary and insight on religious, economic, political and social matters that extended beyond Ebenezer to include the rest of Georgia, the religious life of other religious communities in the American South and in Pennsylvania. In response to letters from England and Germany, Boltzius also commented on circumstances in Europe, including the Seven Years War and the mission work of the Halle Orphan House, founded by the German Pietist, August Hermann Francke and a primary sponsor of the Boltzius and Ebenezer. These letters report news and impressions concerning a number of leading religious and political figures known to Boltzius in the American colonial context, including James Oglethorpe, John Wesley, Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf, and Henry Meichior Muhlenberg. Boltzius also offers commentary on slavery, mission work among Native Americans, The War of Jenkin’s Ear and the French and Indian War, and most significantly, on the particular circumstances of Ebenezer as an immigrant community.

Three Reformation Catechisms: Catholic, Anabaptist, Lutheran
 Janz, Denis
1982 0-88946-800-1 222 pages
Provides, along with Luther's previously translated "Small Catechism" (1529; trans. Theodore Tappert), first-time translations of the Catholic Dietrich Kolde's "Fruitful Mirror of a Christian Man" (1470; trans. Robert Dewell) and the Anabaptist Balthasar Hubmaier's "Christian Catechism" (1527; trans. Denis Janz). These catechisms were meant for children and adult laypersons in late-medieval and early-Reformation Germany.

Understanding Martin Luther’s Demonological Rhetoric in His Treatise against the Heavenly Prophets (1525): How What Luther Speaks is Essential to What Luther Says
 Ristau, Harold
2010 0-7734-3724-X 572 pages
Martin Luther’s rhetoric of the demonic in his treatise Against the Heavenly Prophets in the Matter of Images and Sacraments (1525) expresses a soteriological argument regarding the necessary relation between the two realms of faith and works, which he reformulates as the proper relationship between justification and sanctification. This book builds upon the revisionist approaches of interdisciplinary studies by applying the concerns of rhetoric and linguistics as new tools of research in the field of Reformation Studies.

What Did the Lutheran Reformation Look Like a Hundred Years After Martin Luther? Community and Culture in Ansbach, Germany in the Seventeenth Century
 Cole, Richard G.
2015 1-4955-0304-6 156 pages
This work fills a lacuna in scholarship that compares the literary and academic work of three significant and innovative scholars and pastors: Laurentius [Löhel] Laelius, Johann Valentin Andreae and Johann Eberlin von Günzburg.They were all part of a powerful wave of utopian ideas that swept the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in Europe. This is a snapshot of culture and community in the early seventeenth century and a case study which tells how and why Reformation ideas shaped communal life in Ansbach, Germany.