Lehrbuch Der NationalÖkonomie / Teaching Guide to Economics: Volume II/Book 2: Economic Systems and the Nature and Dispositional Causes of the Wealth of A Nation

Pesch analyzes the various causes underlying national wealth and income. Geography, climate, population and history are considerable factors in the economic well being of a nation. Population structures are prominent as health, race, nationality, education and culture impact the national economic order. Pesch examines how morality, religion, namely Christianity, vocation, estates and classes related to the distinctive layers of national economic functions.


This is the first English translation of the works of Heinrich Pesch, SJ (1854-1926). Pesch, a German Jesuit scholar and economist, wrote the longest, most exhaustive economics text ever written, one that deserves to be regarded as a kind of Summa Economica. The five-volume Lehrbuch der Nationalökonomie examines all serious economic thinking up until Pesch’s time, culling what was deficient, retaining what was worthwhile, and filling in what its author perceived to be lacking. The result was a design for an economic system that is opposed to both classically liberal capitalism and state socialism, based instead on Aristotelian-Thomistic philosophical premises. Pesch developed many of the basic principles which emerged in the social encyclicals of the Catholic Church.

Table of Contents

III. Dispositional Conditions and Causes of the Nation's Wealth in Terms of its Land and its People
-Geography and the National Welfare
-Population and National Wealth
-The Growth of Population and Population Problems
-Religious and Moral Formation and the National Wealth
-The Idea of Vocation
-Estate and Class