Subject Area: Science & Math

Andrew Ellicott Douglass and the Role of the Giant Sequoia in the Development of Dendrochronology
2001 0-7734-7418-8


Biography of Distinguished Scientist Gilbert Newton Lewis
1998 0-7734-8284-9
Biography (by his son) of Gilbert Newton Lewis (1875-1946), famous chemist and scientist, who was chairman of the chemistry department and dean of the College of Chemistry at University of California. The inclusion of a description of family life and personal life, as well as comments from other distinguished scientists, provides information not available elsewhere. This biography is informal, and will be a valuable reference to anyone undertaking a related study. Includes photographs.

Career Biography of Gaspard Clair FranÇois Marie Riche De Prony, Bridge-Builder, Educator and Scientist
1998 0-7734-8485-X
This volume tells the story, largely unknown, of a major figure in French engineering and engineering education through the Revolutionary, Napoleonic and Bourbon periods to the first years following the revolution of 1830. Prony is best-known today for creating a massive collection of mathematical tables in the 1790s, the largest ever compiled; and for the dynamometer for measuring the work-rate of waterwheels and related hydraulic machines. He was also a founder-professor of mathematics at the École Polytechnique, and director of the École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, exercising much influence on the national body of civil engineers. This volume not only describes Prony's life and work, but presents selections (in French) of the many manuscripts Prony left behind. Prony is an example of the ingénieur savant, the scientist concerned with both teaching and research in engineering issues.

Case for New Paradigms in Cell Biology and in Neurobiology
1991 0-7734-9690-4
Based on observations in living cells and the laws of solid geometry and thermodynamics, the structure of the living cell has been reexamined. The cytoskeleton, the endoplasmic reticulum, the nuclear pores, and the apparent trilaminar appearance of the cell membranes, have been shown to be artifacts of electron microscopy. The synapses and neuroglial cells have been reexamined, and the case has been made out for entirely new paradigms, with consideration of the reactions to this fundamental reappraisal.

Charles Hodge's Critique of Darwinism
1988 0-88946-671-8
A study that achieves special relevance because of the controversy lately reintroduced into public consciousness by the scientific creationists. Corrects the record regarding the actual nature of Hodge's response.

Concept of an Atom. From Democritus to John Dalton
1992 0-7734-9649-1
This is an investigation into the ages long discussion about whether primary indivisible bodies exist, from Democritus in the fifth century BC, to John Dalton in 1802. Investigates Aristotle's opposition to the first and whether the Democritean atom is the same as the Daltonian atom.

Econometric and Forecasting Models
2013 0-7734-4496-3
This book is an interdisciplinary compilation of articles written by various professors and practitioners working in the general area of economics, forecasting and allied fields. A diverse range of interesting articles, such as, tourism, outsourcing, unemployment, inflation, housing prices, infectious disease control, provide the reader a unique perspective about the existing research on that topic, using quantitative methods.

Empirical Evidence for the Non-Material Nature of Consciousness
2004 0-7734-6557-X
A challenging work that founds a theory of knowledge on the mathematical insights of Kurt Gödel and Roger Penrose. This is a study on the dual (material and non-material) nature of consciousness. It is an answer to the tremendous problems materialism faces when trying to define consciousness, a recent phenomenon called the ‘incompleteness’ of sciences, and the philosophical urge to unify common-sense causality and quantum causality. The study also treats four examples of incompleteness (mathematics, physics, biology, and ethology) and shows that only the postulate of a non-material human mind can account for these empirical data.

Ethical Standards and Professional Credentials in the Practice of Exercise Physiology
2007 0-7734-5245-1
This is a book about ethics and professionalism in the practice of exercise physiology. Implications of unprofessional behavior are discussed, how to anticipate legal issues, and the future career expectations of exercise physiologists in healthcare. The author shares a academic vision for the future that requires serious analysis and decision-making on behalf of all exercise physiologists.

Evolution of the Eye From Algae and Jellyfish to Humans: How Vision Adapts to Environment
2010 0-7734-3699-2
This book offers a contextual analysis of the deviations and similarities in cross species eye structures. It questions the role of evolutionary processes such as random mutations, and genetic control mechanisms.

Explaining the Growth of Scientific Knowledge Metaphors, Models, and Meanings
1997 0-7734-8721-2
This study explains scientific progress through analogical cross-fertilization of ideas between distinct physical systems. In many cases progress can be generated from a radically new juxtaposition of apparently incongruous physical systems, producing original horizons of intellectual vision. The work will be of interest to philosophers who examine issues related to the study of metaphor and analogy, and those who study the conditions and limits of scientific knowledge, the relationship between instrumental findings and theoretical progress, and the realism/antirealism debate.

Functional Approach to Educational Research Methods and Statistics- Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches
2012 0-7734-2901-8
An informative text on educational research and statistics, this book tries to utilize outcomes of research for the benefit of humanity. Examines how research is conducted across the major traditions of educational research (quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods). It is designed for graduate students who want to pursue statistics, and it will help them to write their thesis. The book fulfills a need for a systematic account of research concepts and the use of statistics for advanced students.

Greek Popular Meteorology From Antiquity to the Present: The Folk-Interpretation of Celestial Signs
2010 0-7734-3657-X
This book, the only one of its kind in the English language, examines the attempts of the Greeks to predict weather change by means of naked-eye observation of celestial phenomena, unaided by scientific meteorology.

Hegel's Science of Logic and Global Climate Change
2007 0-7734-5280-X
This study renders Hegel's Science of Logic intelligible through clear, empirical illustrations, and brings Hegel's complex philosophical ideas to life in a visceral, level-headed manner. It does so by elucidating the conceptual structure of Hegel's Science of Logic with concrete examples from global climate change. One can read the Science of Logic as a treatise on relations. Since climate change is brought about through a system of relations, this work plugs in the appropriate examples to illustrate Hegel's philosophical concepts, and shows how the nuanced account of relations found in Hegel's Science of Logic can be seen at work, empirically, in various facets of climate change. In turn, Hegel's Science of Logic provides a framework for addressing features of climate change such as understanding how it works, assessing its risks and impacts, and providing ethical arguments for mitigating climate change.

Herbert Butterfield- Essays on the History of Science
2005 0-7734-8264-4
This collection of essays presents Herbert Butterfield's insights into and ideas concerning the history of science. The introduction analyzes the central ideas and themes running through the essays.

History of Galileo’s Inclined Plane Experiment and Its Philosophical Implications
2011 0-7734-1481-9
The book is a history and philosophy of Galileo's inclined plane experiment. It deploys an integrated historical pragmatist methodology to reflect on what we can learn from those events and their significance for our understanding of experimental practice in science.

History of Metaphors of Nature
2006 0-7734-5592-2
Modern European languages have a large number of metaphors which represent the whole of nature. Many of these, such as Mother Nature, the celestial harmony, the great chain of being, and the book of nature, are used in natural science and in literature. Most of these words can be traced back into prehistory where they arose mythologically from the same small set of images. Metaphors have a powerful influence on the framing of scientific hypothesis making, and so these words have guided the history of natural science, for good or ill, for several millennia. Newtonian mechanics, for example was motivated by the idea of celestial harmony, whereas Darwin used the images of the great chain of being and Mother Nature, and James Hutton created modern geology and ecology by mixing the images of nature as the macrocosm, and as a machine.

The images elicited by these phrases have also been important in the development of the positive feeling for nature, which existed in the Hellenic and Hellenistic society, which was lost in the Middle Ages, and which has been developing again since the Renaissance, and especially since Earth Day, 1970. Each chapter in this book is a parallel longitudinal history of a word or phrase which represents the whole of nature, and which has influenced natural science and general literature, and especially North American Nature writing. Ironically, as natural science developed, and enabled our technological society to destroy natural areas more and more rapidly, science strengthened the fundamental images of nature, and was used by nature writers to encourage a revaluing of the natural world.

History of Metaphors of Nature
2006 0-7734-5593-0
Modern European languages have a large number of metaphors which represent the whole of nature. Many of these, such as Mother Nature, the celestial harmony, the great chain of being, and the book of nature, are used in natural science and in literature. Most of these words can be traced back into prehistory where they arose mythologically from the same small set of images. Metaphors have a powerful influence on the framing of scientific hypothesis making, and so these words have guided the history of natural science, for good or ill, for several millennia. Newtonian mechanics, for example was motivated by the idea of celestial harmony, whereas Darwin used the images of the great chain of being and Mother Nature, and James Hutton created modern geology and ecology by mixing the images of nature as the macrocosm, and as a machine.

The images elicited by these phrases have also been important in the development of the positive feeling for nature, which existed in the Hellenic and Hellenistic society, which was lost in the Middle Ages, and which has been developing again since the Renaissance, and especially since Earth Day, 1970. Each chapter in this book is a parallel longitudinal history of a word or phrase which represents the whole of nature, and which has influenced natural science and general literature, and especially North American Nature writing. Ironically, as natural science developed, and enabled our technological society to destroy natural areas more and more rapidly, science strengthened the fundamental images of nature, and was used by nature writers to encourage a revaluing of the natural world.

Immediate Distant Action and Correlation in Modern Physics
2005 0-7734-6064-0
The author advances and extends the debate on unmediated instantaneous action and correlation at a distance. It is a coherent collection of contributions, by an international group of science scholars, resulting from a series of workshops held at the University of Wales, Swansea, in 2001 and 2002. The editors of this book share a common view that action or correlation at a distance is simply a fact of nature. From that starting point, it offers a number of different arguments, analyses and theoretical perspectives. The book does not represent the end of the debate, but rather a beginning, which could lead to a new physics and a more accurate view of nature.

Indeterminate Structural Analysis
2013 0-7734-4470-X
This textbook covers the analysis of indeterminate structures by force method, displacement method and stiffness method in a total of six chapters which can be covered in a single course on indeterminate structural analysis. It includes an as-needed discussion of the unit load method, which is arguably the best method to calculate deflections when solving problems by the force method.

Isaac Newton's Philosophy of Sacred Space and Sacred Time
2007 0-7734-5406-3
This book provides an analysis of the concepts of space and time in the thought and writings of Sir Isaac Newton, attempting to illustrate his portrayal of both of these as sacred, not merely material entities. This book offers an interesting contribution to current debates concerning the relationship between science and religion, and will appeal to those who study the philosophy of religion, theology, and the history of science.

Kant and Mathematics Today. Between Epistemology and Exact Sciences
1997 0-7734-8511-2
This study will lead to a picture of Kant and his first Critique quite different from most if not all earlier versions. It examines the first Critique as a whole, without becoming stuck in a quagmire of microscopic topics, and limits the study strictly relative to mathematics. The greatest emphasis is on the relevance and compatibility between Kant's epistemology and mathematics proper in the mainstream, yesterday, today, and tomorrow. This study draws the boldest line of demarcation between mathematics and meta-mathematics.

Language Practices in School Mathematics
2002 0-7734-6967-2
With a view to contributing to understanding the nature and role of language in mathematics education, this book examines spoken language practices. The book demonstrates that learning mathematics is very much a matter of learning to speak ‘properly.’ There is a pervasive and continual requirement, often hidden in everyday classroom practices, to shift towards increasingly mathematical language. The outcomes of the research reported here affirm the value of viewing language and mathematics learning from a social semiotic perspective and help further our understandings about the construction of a social semiotic theory of classroom education, both in school mathematics and across the curriculum.

Line Diagrams for Logic. Drawing Conclusions
1999 0-7734-8190-7
This book makes two important contributions to philosophical scholarship. It presents a number of reasons for the reinstatement of a traditional terminist logic, contributing to the ongoing debate concerning the proper connections between formal logic, natural language, artificial reasoning, and mathematics. This debate touches of number of crucial areas in logic, cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence research, and linguistics. As well, the system of linear diagrams for logic presented here allows for the first time ever the diagrammatic analysis of all the kinds of inferences (in particular, those involving relationals) within the scope of modern standard logic.

Mathematics and Science Curriculum Change in the People's Republic of China
1996 0-7734-8863-4
This volume systematically reviews the history and current situation of school math and science. It critically examines the evolution of Chinese school math and science curriculum and instruction, concluding that Chinese math and science are socially and politically constructed and defined.

Memoirs of Chemistry (1856) by C. J. Koene
2007 0-7734-5319-9
This work reproduces C. J. Koene’s collection of seminal, but little known articles on analytical chemistry, published in book form in 1856. This book, presented here in its original French with a facing-page English translation, is a foundational document in experimental and environmental chemistry, and is extensively annotated with footnotes relating Koene’s writings to both earlier and later works. Koene can now be recognized as one of the founders of environmental chemistry and earth system science, a research field that is of great contemporary interest to geologists, geochemists, paleoclimatologists, environmental consultants and atmospheric chemists.

Metaphysics of the Computer - The Reality Machine and a New Science for the Holistic Age
1992 0-7734-2302-8
The Oral and Written Traditions were founded on distinct discursive technologies by which knowledge could be expressed. With the advent of computers, a new discursive technology becomes possible, a radically different epistemological paradigm which, in turn, will pave the way for a new kind of science - the science of totality: holistic science. This new science will elaborate the a priori shapes and structures to which both reality, and knowledge of reality, must accord. Some of the elementary structures and principles of this unifying science and its tool - the Reality Machine - are sketched out in this book. These fundamental building blocks of knowledge are mostly unearthed from the sacred works and the esoteric sciences of antiquity. The book illustrates the concepts with examples in economics, physics, religion and computers.

National Assessment of Mathematics Participation in the United States. A Survival Analysis Model for Describing Students' Academic Careers
1997 0-7734-2222-6
Researchers have not been able to provide policy makers with reliable answers to their basic concerns: how serious is mathematics dropout in US high schools, and what can be done to stop or reduce it, in concern for the future of a society and work force whose main functions are based more and more on elaborate sophisticated mathematical models, elaborate accounting systems, and computerized data analysis. This study tackles those problems empirically and methodologically. It estimates the probability of students' dropping out, conditional on psychological and sociological variables over a six-year period (grades 7-12); identifies conditions that substantially affect the probability of dropout; traces the development of students' decisions to avoid mathematics courses. It is the first book to employ survival analysis in educational research, and to use national data to address mathematics participation of US students.

New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts Vol. 2. Applications to Chronology
1999 0-7734-3134-9
The author, one of the most outstanding contemporary mathematicians, concentrates on the development of a new mathematical chronology of ancient history. Noting the contradictions and gaps of the accepted traditional chronology of ancient and medieval worlds, applying the modern mathematical methods to the analysis of historical data, the author formulates a new version of ancient chronology which is most dramatically different from the traditional one.

Numbers and Numeracy in Chinese Culture, Language and Education
2007 0-7734-5255-9
This study explores the way in which mathematics and calculation have developed against the background of indigenous Chinese philosophy, scientific thinking and statecraft. By examining certain historical, cultural, educational and linguistic phenomena the work illustrates how China has always possessed a number-rich culture and that, as the country becomes modernized, it is becoming more so. This book contains 8 color photographs.

Origins of Scientific Learning
2007 0-7734-5369-5
The papers in this volume contribute to the interdisciplinary study dramatic transformations in a wide array of human endeavors (political, artistic, literary, scientific and technological) in Early Modern Europe. All but one of the essays presented here are revised and extended versions of papers delivered at a conference sponsored by Binghamton University’s Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies in 2004 centered on the theme of “Science, Literature, and the Arts in the Medieval and Early Modern World”. This book contains five Black and White photographs and seven color photographs.

Periodic Systems and Their Relation to the Systematic Analysis of Molecular Data
1989 0-88946-032-9
First book in a rapidly expanding area bridging physics and chemistry. Includes the construction of diatomic and larger molecules, representations of observed periodicities in molecular date and also defines variables which have been used for the successful interpolative prediction of over 1000 molecular data.

Philosophical Mathematics of Isaac Barrow (1630-1677). Conserving the Ancient Greek Geometry of the Euclidean School
2009 0-7734-4772-5
Isaac Barrow largely responsible for that preservation and promulgation of the Euclidean tradition which, on the one hand, invigorated the physical science and mathematics of Newton and others, and on the other hand, allowed for an ongoing engagement with classical Greek mathematics, which continues down to the present day. Barrow’s philosophy of mathematics remains relevant to many key issues still at the forefront of modern philosophies of mathematics.

Philosophy of Mathematics. The Invisible Art
1997 0-7734-8706-9
This book is organized around the distinction between finite and infinite. It includes a brief overview of what different philosophers have said about infinity, and looks at some of the arguments to the effect that one should adopt a pro-infinity attitude. Other chapters contain an exposition of the ontological 'schools'; interactions among these schools and various theories of truth; the relationship between mathematics and values; a history of mathematics; an analysis of mathematical knowledge in terms of some traditional epistemological distinctions; the role of mathematics in education; the implications of religion for the philosophy of mathematics; and finally, reference to mathematical objects. This is a non-technical overview of the central issues in the Philosophy of Mathematics, an insightful but broad picture.

Proposing a New Scientific Method and Biosocial Theory to Explain Western Society
1998 0-7734-8310-1
Creates solid conceptual ground for a new start in biosocial theory because its method draws on two major episodes in the discovery of general theory: a method of comparison and classification, practiced explicitly in the Daltonian episode and tacitly in the Newtonian. The result, 'Compositional Theory', is used to interpret Western history and our present situation. The book raises timely issues not only for the philosophy of science and social science, but also for anyone concerned about the current ordeal of the modern outlook.

Public Affairs Research Methods. A Quantitative Introduction
1996 0-7734-8770-0
This is one of the most comprehensive introductory texts ever written on quantitative research methods for the study of public affairs. It is relevant to research methods in traditional disciplines such as political science, political economy, public administration, public policy, government relations and international relations. The entire research process from conception to analysis and reporting is covered in detail.

Quaker Approaches to Moral Issues in Genetics
2002 0-7734-7064-6


Reenacting Galileo’s Experiments: Rediscovering the Techniques of Seventeenth-Century Science
2008 0-7734-5018-1
This book explores the innovative methodology—experimental philosophy of Galileo. The author’s own methodology consists of identifying frameworks of dependencies that bond texts within broader traditions and in articulating the consequences of assumptions in rendering texts meaningful to historical actors.

In addition to the text of this book, readers are invited to consult the corresponding website of the Experimental History and Philosophy of Science Research Unit at the University of Pittsburgh (www.exphps.org).
This website contains a series of videos illustrating some recently performed reconstructions of Galileo’s experiments and a 68 page-long report of the team’s reenactment of them.

Scientific Fallacy and Political Misuse of the Concept of Race
2004 0-7734-6372-0
The scientific validity of race has always been assumed. In the Historical aftermath of the Atlantic slave trade race is in fact a complex and divisive fallacy profoundly woven into the fabric of American society. Subject to political directives, scholars have subsequently made assumptions about people based upon their racial heritage to realize political aspirations. Thus, the fallacy of race has been fundamental to political exploitation and racism in the 21st century. This book exposes this function of race as little more than a political tool to insure power and wealth remain the bastions of post-colonial power structures.

Scientific Knowledge as a Cultural and Historical Process. The Cultural Prospects of Science
1993 0-7734-9865-6
Using the analytic tools of philosophy, methodology, culturology of science and applied philosophy, the author originates an approach enabling one to treat the process of the social and cultural determination of cognition in the unity of its synchronic and diachronic aspects; to justify the culturally produced types of scientific and theoretic activity in the process of its genesis; and to elucidate ways of knowledge-realization in meaningful forms of human vital activity as an intrinsic component of its development. This is the first philosophical book to present the ties of cognition and culture from the viewpoint of "man-world" relations and the first to outline the role of the personality in the process of knowledge application in society and culture.

Spiritual Aspirations Connected with Mathematics
2007 0-7734-5210-9
This study examines the individual experience of mathematics among undergraduate and graduate students and how they were drawn into mathematics in their high school and undergraduate years. The book is the product of a two-year long interview project of mathematics students, exploring how they became involved in mathematics and found satisfaction and fulfillment in their development.

Structure and Mathematics of the Principal Calendars of the Western World
2006 0-7734-5953-7
This monograph studies the history/structure and mathematics of calendars used in those parts of the world west of the Indian subcontinent. The book begins with a brief account of the origins of calendars, the sparse information being supported by references to biblical and other ancient sources. After this, there is an explanation of the astronomical basis of time measurement. The remainder of the book includes information on the structures of a number of ancient calendars, while those used in more modern times are explained in detail, and precise instructions, including worked examples, are given for the conversion of dates to the Gregorian calendar and for the calculation of Christian, Jewish and Muslim holy days.

Student Handbook on the Basics of Elementary Harmony
1993 0-7734-9308-5
This book concentrates on the instruction of four-part harmony. Partwriting is presented from its most elementary construction to the complexity of the augmented sixth chords. The text also shows how to partwrite with over 300 examples and 330 exercises. The book cites nearly 1000 examples of partwriting and harmony found in three well-known collections of musical examples.

Thermal Physics
1993 0-7734-1952-7
A text for upper undergraduate or first-year graduate course in physics. Also useful in the personal library of scientists and engineers. This text treats problems with varying degrees of sophistication, and with several complementary approaches, illustrating principles with specific problems rather than rigorous formalism. Problems are solved from the points of view of kinetic theory, statistical mechanics of closed systems, statistical mechanics of open systems, and thermodynamics. These approaches sometimes lead to the same results, and sometimes to results which vary in generality, rigor, and predictive power. Table of Contents: Introduction to kinetic theory; statistical mechanics; thermal equilibrium; diffusive equilibrium; work and heat; thermodynamics; transport; kinetic theory; low temperature physics; fluctuations, information and noise; semiconductors; cosmology; astrophysics. Problems. Appendix A: Handy integrals. Appendix B: Handy formulas.

Transformation of Science in Germany at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century. Physics, Mathematics, Poetry, and Philosophy
2013 0-7734-4537-4
Many books have looked at early nineteenth century science through the lens of the whole of Europe. This book takes a solidly Germanic view of natural science, depicting a view of natural science. It dismantles the well-worn cliché of a speculative philosophy and an empirical natural science that began to move further and further away from each other, ultimately becoming irreconcilable. Such an interpretation of the physical-philosophical discourse into different disciplines imposes the dualistic viewpoint of our own time onto an era where erecting such categorical boundaries between knowledge areas was completely foreign. A discussion of physics in the early nineteenth century drew no distinction between itself and philosophy, which is the biggest contribution of this volume.

Tripartite Mimicry in Nature
1993 0-7734-9292-5
This study shows the connections between quantum mechanics and molecular biology, and that many of the phenomena of biology have closely-related counterparts in physics. Gives evidence that there are three domains of the natural world, physics, biology and what we shall call duology, whose basic mechanisms of operation are remarkaby similar

What Can We Learn From the Study of Twins? An Evaluation of the Equal Environments Assumption
2012 0-7734-2907-7
Most evidence about genetic behavior comes from twin studies. The presumption is that this enables an equal environment assumption (EEA). This book argues that the validity of the EEA argument is not as strong as some behavior geneticists have claimed. Felson conducts the most comprehensive evaluation of the EEA to date. His analysis incorporates a larger more diverse set of outcome variables than any previous research on the subject.