Subject Area: Scandinavia

Analysis of the Economic Democracy Reforms in Sweden
2004 0-7734-6476-X
This study analyses the background to, and impact made by, one of the most ambitious and controversial policy innovations ever attempted in Sweden, namely the economic democracy reforms. The Wage-Earner Funds proposal, advanced to strengthen the celebrated Rehn-Meidner economic model, in addition to promoting employee influence over their working lives, encouraged theoretical and predictive texts, but little subsequent objective analysis. This book draws upon a substantial Swedish-language literature, together with over fifty interviews with leading actors involved with the issue, in order to provide a comprehensive analysis covering the entire period of the economic democracy debate, implementation and abolition. It further evaluates the concept of collective funds as a policy instrument to meet multiple objectives, and comments upon the future viability of this approach. The Foreword is written by Rudolf Meidner, the architect of the Wage-Earner Funds proposal and co-designer of the Rehn-Meidner model of post-Keynsian economic policy implemented in Sweden until recently.

Analyzing Ten Poems From the poetic Edda: Oral Formula and Mythic Patterns
2008 0-7734-4856-X
This work investigates the syntax of ten poems from the Poetic Edda, a medieval Icelandic text, offering data that reveals some of the composition processes and the remnants of the oral tradition from which poetry came. This work demonstrates that the Icelandic poet not only employed verbatim and variable formulae when composing, but also that the structure of the half-lines are formulaic and that their semantic function aids a poet in composition.

Biography of 19th Century Danish Literary Impressionist Herman Bang (1857-1912)
1997 0-7734-8621-6
This is the first study in English of the life and work of Herman Bang, Danish novelist and avant-courrier of European impressionism. Leading German authors and critics, Thomas Mann, Hermann Hesse, and Robert Musil among them, attest to Bang's contribution to European prose fiction and their personal indebtedness to his narrative style. This study introduces Bang's literary style and places him in the social context of European cultural history. The first part identifies major motifs in his political, literary, and sexual legacies. The second part treats themes in his major works of fiction. It interweaves original research based on Bang's heretofore unpublished correspondence with authors, publishers, agents, and translators, and includes critical comments about Bang's reception from newspapers and journals which circulated during his lifetime. By special permission from Edition Spangenberg, an hitherto unpublished excerpt of Klaus Mann's account of Herman Bang's visit to America appears in the original English. The distinction of this literary biography rests in its concentration on how conditions depicted in his works find resolution in his life.

Biography of John Buchan and His Sister Anna the Personal Background of Their Literary Work
1990 0-88946-945-8
Explores the interrelatedness of the lives and work of John and Anna Buchan, both gifted writers whose writings crystallized a certain range of values and served a passion for the idea of Britain and the British Empire.

Comparative Study of Social and Religious Movements in Norway, 1780s-1905
2002 0-7734-7195-2
This study includes three social movements: the Lofthus revolt, the Thrane movement, and the early labor movement; and two religious movements: the Hauge movement and Norwegian Methodism. The analysis examines how they mobilized resources to reach their goals, the external and internal factors that influenced their degrees of success and failure, and the interactions and exchanges between them. It uses a combination of resource mobilization theory and political process theory for analysis.

Comparative Survey of Suicide in Scandinavia, Asia, Africa, United States
2009 0-7734-4781-4
This anthropological study examines cultural attitudes and public policies around the world toward suicide.

Danish Version of Mandeville’s Travels in Sixteenth-Century Epitome
1998 0-7734-8261-X

Differing Developments of Organic Agriculture in Canada and Sweden
2007 0-7734-5437-3
Examines the move towards organic agriculture as an example of social change which can best be understood as the result of three factors: nature, social structure and human agency. The study extends beyond pre-ecological understandings of social change and attempts to incorporate peoples’ relationships with the natural environment as a factor influencing shifts in the patterns of daily life. The focus of the discussion is on understanding the forces which have produced the concern for agricultural sustainability in Canada and Sweden.

Education of a Self-Made Woman, Fredrika Bremer 1801-1865
1994 0-7734-9098-1
Far ahead of their time, Bremer's novels (first published in Sweden starting in 1831) were intelligent, clever, and strikingly well-informed in matters concerning women. They were translated and sold many editions. Her aim was not just to entertain, but to educate. She took positions on political questions, started social projects, and chided the church for its political conservatism and theological rigidity. She needled the government to change its laws. Reaching beyond Europe, she travelled two years in America, then wrote her classic The Homes of the New World. She met such notables as Emerson and Dakotah Chief Gray Iron. In this detailed biography by noted Swedish scholar Brita K. Stendahl, Fredrika Bremer emerges as both forthright and enigmatic. It catches her fascinating combination of the courage to witness and agitate for change as well as her desire for privacy and meditation.

Evaluating the Achievement of One Hundred Years of Scandinavian Cinema
2012 0-7734-2595-0
This collection of twelve articles and one interview probes the historical evolution and cultural diversity of cinema from the Nordic countries: Iceland, Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Finland. The studies variously address cinematic schools and national traditions on one hand or individual films or filmmakers on the other. Cinematic modernism, censorship, and globalization are among the themes explored; the collection also addresses the aesthetic, moral, and social preoccupations of the great northern filmmakers from revered figures like Carl Th. Dreyer and Ingmar Bergman, to iconoclast contemporaries like Lars Von Trier, Roy Andersson and Aki Kaurismäki. The authors, all specialists in the field, include both emerging and established voices. Together their multiple perspectives provide a fresh and comprehensive consideration of an influential and admired cinematic tradition.

Finnish- North American Literature in English. A Concise Anthology
2009 0-7734-3818-1
This anthology, with a critical introduction, contains selections from twenty Finnish-North American authors and poets writing in English from the early 1950s to the present day. The work includes both Canadian and American writers, offers a balance between male and female authors, and includs the best examples of writing from several genres—poetry, fiction, memoir, and science fiction.

Five Early Works
1989 0-88946-019-1
Lagerkvist (1891-1974) introduced a new spirit of modernism into Swedish poetry, prose, and drama. In this work Swanson translates many of Lagerkvist's short stories, a play, prose sketches, and essays. Contains short stories from Iron and Men; the play The Last Man; prose sketches The Expectant Guest and The Morning; and essays from The Clenched Fist.

Freudian Poetics for Ibsen’s Theatre Repetition, Recollection and Paradox
1998 0-7734-8252-0
This study offers a new, historically-based psychoanalytic approach to Ibsen’s plays, fashioning a Freudian poetics that stresses the dramatist’s formal technique rather than his unconscious fixations, the textual surface rather than the subtextual depths. Not only does this approach avoid the methodological briar-patch of the unconscious, it also offers insight into the paradoxical openness of Ibsen’s endings.

Function of the Living Dead in Medieval Norse and Celtic Literature
2007 0-7734-5353-9
This study examines the nature and function of the dead in medieval Norse and Celtic literature. It is demonstrated that agents of the living dead in these literatures have a functional and formulaic role, largely manifested as a process of wish-fulfillment. While the authors of these stories provide resonances of past beliefs regarding the dead, they also appear to have adapted these ideas for their own purposes in order to involve the dead as role-players in their stories. This book contains 11 color photographs.

How the Beowulf Poet Employs Biblical Typology
2014 0-7734-4241-3
This study is an attempt to consider Beowulf in its literary context. The work intends to show how the typological perspective manifests itself throughout Beowulf in its structure and its imagery and so aims to foster an increased awareness of the rich allusiveness of its metaphorical language.

Livserindringer / Memories of My Life: A Woman’s Life in Nineteenth-Century Denmark
2009 0-7734-4866-7
The first full English translation, annotated by excerpts from other writings, and illustrated, of Memories of My Life. This memoir illuminates Danish provincial life, childhood and education, and also relevant to the study of nineteenth-century women’s history and literature.

Murder of Olof Palme - A Tale of Assassination, Deception and Intrigue
2004 0-7734-6587-1
The assassination in 1986 of Olof Palme, a distinguished international statesman, remains to this day an unsolved mystery. While in some ways resembling the puzzling features inherent in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, the continuing mystery has a deeper significance that the authors of this work seek to probe and elucidate. Any examination of the Palme assassination has to be conducted with reference to an extremely complex set of international factors. It is in this milieu that Palme found a special role for himself as an international statesman, seeking to mediate some of the lesser though deadly wars, in particular the Iran/Iraq conflict. Palme the Peacemaker had many enemies and a consideration of the role which may have been played by some of them is carefully examined, by a reference to a theoretical schema of the assassination phenomenon, of the motives and modalities of each of the likely candidates. There were many who had no wish to see an early settlement of the Iran/Iraq ward. Some of these were nation states with an animus against one or both of the combatants, Some hoped that hostilities would exhaust the two contenders, while others, such as international arms dealers, sought to profit. The authors see the Swedish Prime Minister as an unfortunate victim of a largely clandestine clash of forces: it is their identity that continues to elude investigators. The authors examine all the evidence, present their own case on these arcane matters, leaving it to the readers to come to their own conclusions.

Nobel Novelist Knut Hamsun During the Nazi Occupation of Norway: The Final Chapter that Was Omitted From Marie Hamsun’s Autobiography of Their Life Together
2011 0-7734-3944-7
This is Marie Hamsun's personal narrative from the years 1940-1952, i.e. from the invasion and occupation of Norway until the death of Knut Hamsun. She illuminates personal, psychological, and political facets of Knut Hamsun's character and traces the roots of his deep-seated Germanophilia and Anglophobia, respectively. Her insights are based on her forty-three-year marriage to the controversial Nobel Prize winning Norwegian writer and World War II Nazi collaborator. This edition is the first authorized English edition of Marie Hamsun's memoir, a work, which is indispensable to the understanding the life and works of Knut Hamsun.

Norwegian Armed Forces and Defense Policy, 1905-1955
2004 0-7734-6422-0
This work details the history of the Norwegian Armed Forces from 1905 to 1955. After Norway gained full independence from Sweden in 1905, it faced the challenge of maintaining its sovereignty as a small state caught in the midst of rivalries and conflicts among the great powers. This book examines how the armed forces played an important part in this policy through the end of World War I, followed by the steep decline in Norwegian defense spending and capabilities in the face of economic depression and apparent absence of international threats in 1918, the Labor government’s taking office in 1935 with Norway still lacking any clear military strategy or unified defense policy on the eve of World War II, the German invasion in 1940, and then the apparent danger of a Soviet invasion in 1948 that galvanized the government to make defense a priority, Norway’s NATO membership in 1949 and participation in the American Military Assistance Program in 1950, both reflecting Norway’s choice of collective security over non-alignment.

Norwegian Religious Pluralism a Trans- Atlantic Comparison
1992 0-7734-9217-8
This is a historical study of religious transition in Norway and among Norwegian immigrants in the United States and southern Africa. It traces the domestic and Anglo-American factors which by 1900 had changed Norway from a society almost uniformly Lutheran by law and deeply-rooted tradition into one in which many people had only tenuous ties to their established church while tens of thousands of their countrymen became members of nonconformist denominations. These copiously documented findings challenge assumptions which have been axiomatic among historians of Norwegian immigration throughout the twentieth century. They also undermine unproven generalizations about immigrant religiosity made by such prominent historians as Oscar Handlin and Timothy Smith and reproduced uncritically by many of their colleagues.

Norwegian Scots
2007 0-7734-5362-8
This study examines the role of informal narrative (casual stories exchanged by people in everyday interactions) in the process of creating and maintaining cultural identity in relation to the inhabitants of the Orkney Islands off the Northern Coast of Scotland. These narratives serve as the means by which a community negotiates and forms its self identity and, therefore, provide a suitable window onto this cultural negotiation process. Combining symbolic interpretive theory from anthropology with performance theory from folklore, this analysis illuminates narrative as a cultural tool used to construct various identities, concepts of communality and community. This analysis, being directed towards the Orkney Islands, seeks to understand Orcadian identity in both its own perception of its separateness from mainland Scotland and the way in which it draws heavily on a sense of Scandinavian identity.

Orphanages for Girls in Stockholm 1870-1920: A Case Study in European Social History
2015 1-4955-0342-9
An historical and sociological examination of case studies from five girls orphanages in Sweden focusing on how the lives and futures of girls were shaped by those institutions from the late nineteenth-century until World War II.

Poetic Edda
1991 0-88946-783-8
A reprint of the classic 1923 Bellows translation. A superb text and an essential source for Scandinavian mythology.

Policing in Finland
2006 0-7734-5708-9
This book illustrates the reciprocal relationship between Finnish culture and Finnish policing. Cultural values, socio-economic and political backgrounds are used as the foundation to explain how the police work in Finland. Unlike many nations, the Finns consistently rank their police force as the most trustworthy among all the public institutions. In turn, the police benefit from a progressive culture in which tolerance, justice, and equality are highly practiced virtues. They act more like social change agents than those with impossible mandates. Through the lens of culture the authors focus on studying both the organization and the crafts of policing in Finland in contrast to police practices in the United States and elsewhere. The history, structure and functions of the Finnish police as well as the street practices are presented, vividly based on extensive fieldwork and personal interviews. This book will contribute to our understanding of why a society gets the police it deserves.

Post-Classical Icelandic Family Saga
2003 0-7734-6804-8
This book aims to establish theoretical principles for analyzing the group of late 13th- and 14th- century Íslendingasögur (Icelandic family sagas) traditionally designated as post-classical. Two periods of Icelandic history are examined. First, the medieval period is examined in terms of the cultural background to the production of the Íslendingasögur. Secondly, the 19th and early 20th centuries are examined in terms of the development of medieval Icelandic studies and the rise of an Icelandic nationalist movement. Both periods are interpreted as times when the dominant ideological forces were characterized by a form of National Romanticism. The Íslendingasögur can thus be regarded as originally the product of an idealizing sensibility and as having been later evaluated according to scholarly principles which were also prone to idealise certain characteristics of this literary form. As a consequence, certain of the Íslendingasögur have been regarded as classical and therefore as high quality literature, whilst others have been regarded as post-classical and therefore as low quality literature. Once these idealizing forces have been acknowledged, it is possible to see that the post-classical Íslendingasögur are responding to a different set of social, political and, more broadly, cultural circumstances in which an ethnic Icelandic ideal is no longer a viable literary formulation.

Scandinavian Magic Tale and Narrative Folklore: A Study in Genres, Themes, and Sources
2008 0-7734-4983-3
Seeks to demonstrate that Scandinavian folklore has a range comparable to Shakespearean drama.

Theory of Culture of Folklorist Lauri Honko, 1932-2002: The Ecology of Tradition
2013 0-7734-4543-9
Lauri Honko (1932-2002), the Finnish professor of folkloristics and comparative religion was a prolific and multitalented researcher, whose topics of research ranged from the study of folk beliefs, folk medicine and Ingrian laments to the general theories of culture, identity and meaning. He studied Finno-Ugric mythologies, Karelian and Tanzanian folk healing, and South Indian oral traditions. In this book we aim at explicating and analyzing his methodological assumptions as well as his specific theoretical contributions in the study of religion and folklore. Our central focus is on Honko’s tradition ecology, an approach to cultural systems that exposes their dynamic and functionalistic features. We compare and contrast tradition ecology with other theories in religious studies and folkloristics, especially with those theories that stem from the evolutionary and cognitive paradigms. Furthermore, we will explicate Honko’s programmatic model of the folklore process, by means of which the dynamics of religions and folklore can be conceptually captured. We argue that Honko constructed a coherent theory of culture, where functionalism played a central role. Furthermore, we argue that in Honko’s theory, religious studies needs methodological support from folkloristics as well as from other fields of cultural studies.

Translation of Þorskfirðinga (gull ÞÓris) Saga
2000 0-7734-7795-0
This volume provides an opportunity for individuals to gain access to an Old Icelandic saga which has, otherwise, received little scholarly attention. It has only come to the notice of scholars, up till now, by virtue of its inclusion of a possible ‘Bear’s son folk-tale’ analogue. While this feature of the narrative is dealt with in the introduction to this translation, the saga also has other interesting features. It was written down toward the end of the period of saga writing (ca. AD 1400) and is found in only one medieval vellum manuscript. It reveals itself as a narrative deriving from a set of complex forces at work in the late Middle Ages, forces which are as literary as political or historical. This translation and critical introduction will enable analysis to be undertaken by those whose linguistic competences do not include Old Icelandic.