Subject Area: Scripture-Exegesis & Hermeneutics

An Exegesis of Apostasy embedded in John’s Narratives of Peter and Judas against the Synoptic Parallels
2004 0-7734-6404-2
This study of apostasy in the Johannine writings contributes to filling in the vacuum of scholarship regarding apostasy in the New Testament. The perennial debate between the Arminians and Calvinists over the question has been based on their respective systematic theological presupposition whether it emphasizes freedom of human will or God’s predestination. This study serves to show how John would have understood them in his historical context, and thus affirms a well-known hermeneutic principle that a historical reconstruction must be born out from within the text rather than by imposing the interpreter’s own frame of presuppositions.

An Exegetical and Theological analysis of the Son’s relationship to the Father in John’s Gospel. Equal yet Subordinate
2015 1-4955-0306-2
John's Gospel is generally regarded as the clearest and boldest affirmation of Jesus' deity in the New Testament. Yet John also highlights Jesus'subordination to the Father more than any other New Testament writer. The profundity of this phenomenon has not been lost on Johannine scholarship. For nearly two millennia various approaches to the problem have been proposed by biblical scholars and theologians - often stressing equality at the expense of subordination, or vice versa.

Analysis of the Hermeneutics of John Chrysostom's Commentary on Isaiah 1 - 8 with an English Translation
1992 0-88946-612-2
Provides scholars with both an English translation of a previously untranslated commentary and an analysis of Chrysostom's method of interpretation. A valuable work for students of patristics and of the history of biblical interpretation.

Battle over Hermeneutics in the Stone-Campbell Movement, 1800-1870
1998 0-7734-8314-4
This volume carefully traces the Reformed, Lockean, and Common Sense roots of the use of inference as a principle for interpreting scripture, along with its complex and often inconsistent use in the Stone-Campbell Reformation.

Book of Daniel. An Intertextual Biblical Commentary
1999 0-7734-2470-9
The first commentary ever written of a First Testament document that points out the earlier intertexts if Prof. Buchanan’s thought-provoking exegesis of Daniel. Among the insights discovered is the realization that Daniel is not unified, but is a collection of individual dramas. Furthermore, Buchanan has demonstrated that Daniel was not initially a prophecy; it is not pacifistic; and probably should not be called apocalyptic. The dramas of Daniel are probably some of those that Judas had scholars collect in preparation for Hanukkah (2 Macc 2:13-14). The canonizers did not classify these documents with the prophets, probably because they were not considered prophecies. They are not tracts for hard times, but dramas that are success stories for celebration, In these the heroes prosper and the enemies are destroyed. The dramas of Daniel do not at all reflect a pessimistic people under persecution, biting their fingernails and hoping against all hope that they would some day be delivered. They dramatize, rather, a bitter struggle which was over, an end that had already taken place, and victory that was celebrated. In addition to the intertexts, Dr. Buchanan has made his case by recognizing the unity of Daniel 7, observing the two variant passages in Daniel 11, and relating the texts appropriately to the history of Hasmonean times.

Centrality of Aima (Blood) in the Theology of the Epistle to the Hebrews. An Exegetical and Philological Study
2012 0-7734-1461-4
This book demonstrates that because blood sanctifies, consecrates and purifies, the Greek word for blood provided the best expression for the unique role of Christ as self-sacrificing High Priest in the Epistle to the Hebrews.

Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Ecclesiastes
2016 1-4955-0429-8
This is a comprehensive study of Ecclesiastes in commentary form that explores all aspects of the book and its interpretations, ancient and modern. It explores Ecclesiastes in the light of contemporary Judeo-Christian historical, theological, and biblical scholarship, with special attention to the role of Ecclesiastes among the Megilloth, the Five (biblical) Scrolls liturgically read at five important festivals in the Jewish community.

Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Ruth
2012 0-7734-4055-0
Gladson’s commentary presupposes some knowledge of Hebrew, but it also breaks down the text of the book of Ruth to provide a widely accessible interpretation of a rather important female voice in the Old Testament. This commentary engages with other exegetical works and claims that Ruth was probably one of the first short stories in recorded history. Due to its presence in the sacred canon it has functioned as a religious text, but it carries much importance as a literary accomplishment for depicting a female protagonist, but also for telling such a vibrant story in such a compact span of time, roughly four short Biblical chapters.

Gladson attempts to provide the most extensive scholarly treatment of the biblical book of Ruth to date. His exegesis looks at the way the story has been interpreted by biblical scholars, in music, art, literature, and culture. It is an amazing attempt to draw out as much material as possible considering the short length of the Book of Ruth, and the topics covered show an experienced scholar detailing what can be known and what is yet to be known about Ruth. Questions of authorship, origin, historical and literary importance are all addressed precisely because it is one of the only books in the Old Testament depicting a female protagonist in a positive light. Ruth is also considered to be one of the first written attempts at the short story genre.

Deuteronomistic Theology of Prophecy as indicated by the consistency between Prophecies and Fulfillments. An Exegetical and Theological Study
2013 0-7734-4475-0
This exegetical and theological study argues that within the Deuteronomistic History the number of imprecisely fulfilled prophetic predictions increase dramatically as the historian’s account moves into the divided monarchy.

Drinking the Blood of Jesus. A theological rationale from the Jewish blood prohibitions
2015 1-4955-0360-7
This excellent book is very well written, thoroughly researched and full of insight, Readers will find much new light shed on the conundrum of ‘drinking Jesus’ blood’, on John 6 as a passage, and on Johannine theology in general.

Exegetical Study of the Nuptial Symbolism in Matthew 9:15
2006 0-7734-5811-5
This work offers an ample view of how Matthew 9:15 has been interpreted in the course of the centuries, beginning from Origen up to the present day, bringing a more contemporary interpretation to light. This work provides stimulus to the discussion about the right interpretation of the parables about a rich text such as Matthew 9:15.

Five thousand year search for a way to describe the Feminine Nature of God
2015 0-7734-4267-7
This a feminist interdisciplinary examination of the divine imagery and its connection to sexual justice, investigating the use of the word Zöe, Greek for “life”. A feminist hermeneutics using varying methodologies is utilized to empower women’s autonomy. The book examines the Greek Septuagint, the Nag Hammadi Scriptures, the Kabbalah, Hebrew and other scriptural sources to argue that Zöe can serve to provide multiple feminine images of God: Lady Wisdom, Mother God, Fountain of Life, Tree of Life, and Restorer.

Genesis 1-3 in the History of Exegesis. Intrigue in the Garden
1988 0-88946-522-3
A history of the exegesis of Genesis 1-3, discussing Eve, Adam, Eden, Adam's first wife, heresy, asceticism, and related topics. As one contributor notes, "Much of the power of the Genesis myths comes from our conviction that the intrigues of the garden are really over us, that they embody and explain our sexual arrangements in some primordial and primitive way" (Mary Rose D'Angelo). Also introduces the reader to some "alien, strange, comic, and fantastical interpretations of Genesis 1-3" (from the introduction by Gregory Robbins).

Hermeneutics of Medieval Jewish Thought
2007 0-7734-5288-5
This study examines the linguistic codes in Rashi’s commentaries on the Pentateuch and Talmud, and Nachmanide’s commentary on the Torah to elucidate their goals and concepts. Through analysis of the writing characteristics and methodological foundations of both commentators, it is possible to discern their distinct approaches and attitudes toward a multiplicity of categories.

How to Determine the Meaning of a Sacred Text. Cases and Methodologies
2011 0-7734-1568-8
This work applies many different approaches to the analysis of sacred texts. The articles contained in this collection are influenced by structuralism, phenomenology, the study of self-referentiality and Zen. In many cases, Eastern thought is applied to Western texts, and vice versa.

Interpreting 2 Corinthians 5:14-21. An Exercise in Hermeneutics
1989 0-88946-617-3
Produced by the Faith and Order Commission of the World Council of Churches with the following goals or guidelines in mind: understanding the ancient documents on their own terms; and presenting its case for establishing a connection among the church, her task, and the documents in question.

Is Isaiah's "Servant Covenant" the New Covenant? An Exegetical Study
2014 0-7734-0079-6
“Fredrickson’s work is fresh, engaging and foundational for those who embrace the blessings of the New Covenant. His careful exegesis of the relevant new Covenant texts makes his book an especially helpful resource… this book would be warmly welcomed by biblical scholars, theologians and serious minded pastors. [It] is a significant contribution to the study of the New Covenant and the question of whether the New Covenant is referred to in Isaiah’s Servant Songs.
– Professor J. Carl Laney,
Western Seminary, Oregon



John's Gospel and the History of Biblical Interpretation
2002 0-7734-6982-6
Like the author's previous studies on Mark's Gospel (1982) and The History of Biblical Interpretation, this study of John's Gospel is much more than a mere list of annotated entries. The aim of these lively entries is to situate Johannean scholarship within the main trends of biblical scholarship from the first century up to the present while reaching out to the main corners of the Christian traditions. It avoids duplicating many items which are normally discussed in standard works. It is based on the firm belief that a solid knowledge of the whole Johannean tradition and its afterlife is vital for the adequate grasp of this key text. A valuable index of names is included.

Mellen Biblical Commentary (Intertextual) New Testament Series. The Book of Revelation- Its Introduction and Prophecy
1993 0-7734-2365-6
The first is the preparation of a set of Bible Commentaries, for all books of the Bible. Each author will show all of the texts used by that particular book. For example, whoever writes a commentary on Second Isaiah would put the text of Second Isaiah in one column and in a parallel column show the sources used in bold face type. The corresponding words from Second Isaiah would take into account the midrashic relationship between the texts as none of the current translations or commentaries does. When these relationships are made visible, new insights will become evident and new hypotheses will be formed. After the textual work of the commentaries is done, it will be an easy project to prepare a new Hebrew text of the First Testament that looks like the Nestle-Aland New Testament text, with earlier texts in bold face type and documentation in the margins. It is already clear that every book of the Bible contains arguments and sermons based on earlier texts, showing that from the very beginning of our literature there has been a close relationship between the sacred text and the worshiping community. Although these commentaries will demonstrate new scholarly insights, they are also designed to be read and understood by clergy leaders who prepare sermons every week, continuing the time-honored tradition of relating the ancient text to the current church and synagogue.

Mellen Biblical Commentary (Intertextual) the Gospel of Matthew, Vol 1
1996 0-7734-2373-7
The first is the preparation of a set of Bible Commentaries, for all books of the Bible. Each author will show all of the texts used by that particular book. For example, whoever writes a commentary on Second Isaiah would put the text of Second Isaiah in one column and in a parallel column show the sources used in bold face type. The corresponding words from Second Isaiah would take into account the midrashic relationship between the texts as none of the current translations or commentaries does. When these relationships are made visible, new insights will become evident and new hypotheses will be formed. After the textual work of the commentaries is done, it will be an easy project to prepare a new Hebrew text of the First Testament that looks like the Nestle-Aland New Testament text, with earlier texts in bold face type and documentation in the margins. It is already clear that every book of the Bible contains arguments and sermons based on earlier texts, showing that from the very beginning of our literature there has been a close relationship between the sacred text and the worshiping community. Although these commentaries will demonstrate new scholarly insights, they are also designed to be read and understood by clergy leaders who prepare sermons every week, continuing the time-honored tradition of relating the ancient text to the current church and synagogue.

Mellen Biblical Commentary (Intertextual) the Gospel of Matthew, Vol 2
1996 0-7734-2421-0
The first is the preparation of a set of Bible Commentaries, for all books of the Bible. Each author will show all of the texts used by that particular book. For example, whoever writes a commentary on Second Isaiah would put the text of Second Isaiah in one column and in a parallel column show the sources used in bold face type. The corresponding words from Second Isaiah would take into account the midrashic relationship between the texts as none of the current translations or commentaries does. When these relationships are made visible, new insights will become evident and new hypotheses will be formed. After the textual work of the commentaries is done, it will be an easy project to prepare a new Hebrew text of the First Testament that looks like the Nestle-Aland New Testament text, with earlier texts in bold face type and documentation in the margins. It is already clear that every book of the Bible contains arguments and sermons based on earlier texts, showing that from the very beginning of our literature there has been a close relationship between the sacred text and the worshiping community. Although these commentaries will demonstrate new scholarly insights, they are also designed to be read and understood by clergy leaders who prepare sermons every week, continuing the time-honored tradition of relating the ancient text to the current church and synagogue.

New Testament Eschatology. Historical and Cultural Background
1993 0-7734-2378-8
Instead of opting for one of the standard explanations of eschatology, this study looks for the origin of the concept in antiquity, requiring an examination of the Hebrew Scripture, the New Testament, the Dead Sea Scrolls, rabbinic literature, the church fathers, and surrounding Greek literature and history. It involves a study of the legal, hermeneutical, cultural, historical, and political thought forms of ancient expectations. Beliefs and practices related to eschatology are examined from eighth-century Isaiah to the end of the Crusades in relationship to the promised land and the doctrine of redemption. Insights are employed to understand such New Testament problems as the Battle of Armageddon and the mystical number 666. It also uncovers the contemporary consequences of this dynamic doctrine.

Relationship Between Epistemology, Hermeneutics, Biblical Theology and Contextualization Understanding Truth
1999 0-7734-8217-2
This volume explores the relationship between epistemology, hermeneutics and contextualization by specialists making significant contributions to each of their fields and especially when they are taken in integration with the other disciplines. Epistemology issues are examined from the context of reformation traditions in a multicultural world, and the contribution of modern and post-modern philosophy. Epistemic issues from different eras are illustrated with literature, art and music. Biblical theology is championed as the textual arbiter between traditions. It offers a provocative integration of disciplines for scholars. Christian colleges and seminaries will find this a stimulating textbook for courses in philosophy, hermeneutics, or contextualization. Pastors and lay people will be interested in the topic for its call to truth, its answer to postmodernism, and practical aid in executing the hermeneutical process and contextualization.

Rhetoric and Exegesis in Augustine’s Interpretation of Romans 7:24-25
2001 0-7734-7535-4
This study makes a three-fold contribution to scholarship. On a general level, it demonstrates the impact of rhetorical culture on early Christian approaches to the Bible. It also demonstrates how Augustine’s interpretation of Paul was shaped by a ‘persuasive’ rhetorical milieu. Finally, it shows the history of a critical text (roman’s 7:24-25a) that Augustine employs from first to final writings. As such, it provides a lens for viewing and interpreting his theological and exegetical development over the course of his career.

Scripture and Royal Supremacy in Tudor England. The Use of Old Testament Historical Narrative
2012 0-7734-3074-1
This detailed treatise comprehensively examines a topic much debated by scholars: the supporting hermeneutic for the biblical doctrine of Royal Supremacy. This hermeneutic is fundamental for the establishment of national churches, specifically the Church of England. in this instance, deriving from it a biblical doctrine of Kingship. The author examines the development of the doctrine of Royal Supremacy, beginning with Henry VIII and continuing up to Elizabeth I and the passage of the Act of Supremacy in 1559. He contrasts scriptural discussions connected with Royal Supremacy found in polemical works, beginning with those of John Jewel and proceeding to those written by Richard Hooker, with the writings of opposing Catholic and Presbyterian theologians. At the same time, Professor Gazal demonstrates that the understanding of the underlying scriptural hermeneutic was subject to change with the passage of time. It was nonetheless sufficiently persuasive to postpone open conflict in England until the middle of the seventeenth century.

Social Scientific Interpretations of Religion. Comparing the Hermeneutic Methodologies of James, Weber, Heidegger, and Durkheim
2009 0-7734-4782-2
The study of religion is at once a taking stock of the historical consciousness of the texts that define the object, here, those of James, Weber, Heidegger, Durkheim, and others, while at the same time making meaning anew, which for history had been but tacit or perhaps unknown. Such a study accomplishes the renewal of both the most profound dialogue as it takes place within human history by representing the fundamental insights from an age which affirmed its triumph over religion, as well as aiding the realization that this event is in fact achieved only by the recognition that the idea of the sacred is the source of dialogue itself.

Syntax Criticism of the Synoptic Gospels
1987 0-88946-610-6
The sequel to Martin's pioneering Syntactical Evidence of Semitic Sources in Greek Documents (Cambridge, Society Bib. Lit., 1974). In this study Martin applies his previously developed set of criteria for evidence of a Greek translation of a Semitic original to the Synoptic gospels, using as his methodology a calculus of the frequency of unusual syntactical formation.

Understanding Canon 17 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law in Light of Contemporary Hermeneutics
2000 0-7734-7773-X
This study formulates a theory of understanding which incorporates pertinent results of hermeneutical reflection, for the interpretation of canon law, in particular, Canon 17 of the 1983 Code. Hermeneutics creates the awareness that the meaning of a legal text is not simply offered to a passive subject-interpreter in any routine procedure, but presents itself as a dynamic and creative reality requiring constant interaction between various subjective and objective, textual and extra-textual factors.

Use of Textual Criticism for the Interpretation of Patristic Texts. Seventeen Case Studies
2012 0-7734-3073-3
This book examines the textual emendations to patristic writings to showcase the theological preoccupations of early Christian teachings. The debate around the formation of a unified church produced several key texts in the history of Christianity, and they are discussed in these scholarly essays. These seventeen chapters examine a shift in textual interpretations, notice a change in literary genre, and also identify ancient editing techniques. Two essays actually show an intentional change in a text to make it palatable to a different audience.

Walter Benjamin and the Bible
2003 0-7734-6727-0
This book follows the theme of sacred text from Benjamin’s early writings on religion, Judaism, and language to the study of Baroque tragedy, modernism, history, and the Paris Arcades. All of these writings reflect a commentary on the idea of the sacred text in Western culture.

Women and the Qur'an. A Study in Islamic Hermeneutics
2009 0-7734-3858-0
This work argues that a link between the modern consciousness of woman and the Qur’anic discourse can be established only by revealing the historical continuity in the language formation in the image of woman. A resource for addressing this issue can be found in the discussion of modern hermeneutics. The central theme of modern hermeneutics is to examine the historical continuity between the text and its interpretations. The work of Hans-Georg Gadamer, a contemporary German philosopher who is influential in the hermeneutical ontology of language in both North America and Europe, provides the framework for this discussion.