Subject Area: Metaphysics

Duty, Body and World in the Works of Emily Dickinson. Reorganizing the Estimate
2000 0-7734-7850-7
This study does not ‘explain away’ the poet according to this or that school of contemporary criticism or psychological bias, but takes her at her own word as a late transcendental poet. Part I deals with the common fallacies of Dickinson studies, the conflict of world views between critic and poet, the substitution of biographical speculation for literary criticism, etc. Part II engages the substance of what she has to say about life and living it. Part III presents a new interpretation of her style and language for a metaphysical point of view.

Ethics of Timelessness
1994 0-7734-2295-1
This major philosophical discourse covers topics as diverse as time, causality, ethics, metaphysics, utopianism, politics, poetics, medicine, immunology, and theology. Its central thesis, that metaphysics is a science of immunology for the human spirit, reunites philosophy with its roots. Jacques Derrida has created a metaphysical virus, differance, which deconstructs the philosophical immune system, undermining the metaphysician's ability to defend the system against rhetorical attack. This work is an attempt to construct a superimmune system, consisting of a number of immune systems all operating in tandem, to defend both the physical and metaphysical systems against infection.

Ethics, Metaphysics and Religion in the Thought of F. H. Bradley
1996 0-7734-8767-0
Essays by some of Canada's leading scholars on various aspects of Bradley's thought. Essays include: The Unity of Moral Principle and Bradley's Absolute (Leslie Armour) The Uses of Bradley's Absolute (H. S. Harris) Process and Historical Crisis in F. H. Bradley's Ethics of Feeling (James Bradley) Metaphysics and Ethics in Bradley's Idealism (Don MacNiven) The Self and the Social Order (Elizabeth Trott) Bradley's Critique of Mill's Utilitarianism (Philip MacEwen) Feeling in Bradley's Ethical Studies (David Crossley) F. H. Bradley and the Presuppositions of Critical History (Lionel Rubinoff)

Four Archetypal Orientations of the Mind: Foundational, Experiential, Organizational, and Actional
2014 0-7734-4314-2
The first application of the theory embracing an integration of the metaphysical with empirical science allowing for an examination of archetypal orientations, that provide meaningful comparisons and profiling for a range of topics and scholarly endeavors, in one book. This work examines and reflects upon the meta-theoretical and cross-disciplinary nature of this approach. It represents a follow-up on the author’s first volume “The Four Types of Knowing – Metaphysical, Scientific, Narrative and Pragmatic: A Meta-Epistemology of Mind”.

Influence of Political Bias in Selected Essays of George Orwell
1992 0-7734-9541-X
The aim of this study is to determine in what ways and to what extent Orwell's political bias influenced the technique and approach of certain key essays. Places Orwell's development in historical perspective and compares his commitment with that of his contemporaries. His major political essays are analyzed to provide the parameters for the major autobiographical, literary, cultural and sociological essays. Concludes that Orwell succeeds in making `political writing into an art'. His essays not only form the key to his thought, but also show how artful a propagandist he is, consciously `perverting words' and manipulating his technique to further his cause.

John Locke's Philosophy of Science and Metaphysics
2007 0-7734-5468-3
Locke’s account of the problem of cohesion reflects a serious difficulty in his philosophy because of the way in which he relates it to the problem of substance in his search for something that not only underlies all properties in the traditional Aristotelian sense, but also holds the constituents of matter together. Contrary to common interpretation, this book argues that Locke did not have in mind a metaphysical entity which underlies qualities. Rather, he was more inclined to think that something like a cohesive power is what functions as the “bond” that hold holds together, not only the qualities of a substance, but its individual corpuscles, and on a deeper level even the parts of the corpuscle. In order to prove this, the study seeks first to clarify the nature of qualities in Locke’s thought; then moves on to address Locke’s account of substance in its relation to the concepts of real essence and cohesion; next the problem of cohesion is examined in detail before, finally, a explanation is offered of why cohesion cannot be described in terms of an act of divine superaddition in Locke’s philosophy.

Metaphysics of Explanation: An Inquiry Into the Nature and Philosophical Limits of Explanation
2004 0-7734-6406-9
Dr. Whitaker’s book represents a highly important contribution to philosophical scholarship. It is not only a sustained analysis of the metaphysical questions of existence and the world, it is also a thorough analysis of the important theories of explanation over the past century and an overview and generalized theory of the essential nature of all types of rational explanation (including convincing resolutions of traditional problems of induction and free will).

It is a thorough analysis of the concept of total explanation and its relation to concepts of sufficient reason, necessary being, axiarchism, explanatory self-subsumption, existence, concept, object, sense, and reference. There are interesting and significant analyses of some of the age-old proofs of the existence of God. There is also a rigorous explication of the philosophical limits of explanation and the incoherencies that result when those limits are ignored.

This study also contains a detailed review and analysis of theories of divine creation and their relation to theories of scientific cosmology. There are exhaustive analyses of arguments for the spatial and temporal extent of the world as a whole. There is a careful and extensive consideration of the various meanings which have been attached to the term “space” by both scientific as well as metaphysical thinkers, and important distinctions between the major concepts of space that have been hopelessly confused in most treatments. Last but not least, there are interesting and novel analyses of concepts of the spiritual and the noumenon.

Metaphysics of Mass Art - Cultural Ontology Volume Two: Indigenous Peoples of the Americas and the Psychology of the Observer in U. S. Film
1999 0-7734-8184-2

Metaphysics of the Computer - The Reality Machine and a New Science for the Holistic Age
1992 0-7734-2302-8
The Oral and Written Traditions were founded on distinct discursive technologies by which knowledge could be expressed. With the advent of computers, a new discursive technology becomes possible, a radically different epistemological paradigm which, in turn, will pave the way for a new kind of science - the science of totality: holistic science. This new science will elaborate the a priori shapes and structures to which both reality, and knowledge of reality, must accord. Some of the elementary structures and principles of this unifying science and its tool - the Reality Machine - are sketched out in this book. These fundamental building blocks of knowledge are mostly unearthed from the sacred works and the esoteric sciences of antiquity. The book illustrates the concepts with examples in economics, physics, religion and computers.

Naturalistic Theism of Henry Nelson Wieman (1884-1975): The Creator of an American Process Theology
2012 0-7734-2924-7
Henry Nelson Wieman was one of the most influential American religious figures of the late twentieth century. His work is examined here in relation to other notable thinkers such as Henri Bergson, William James, James Dewey, Alfred Whitehead, and Josiah Royce among others. He was also a mentor of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and his work set the stage for naturalistic theism. Wieman believed that creative religion constituted by self-giving individuals must always exist in relation to divine cosmic individuality. A radically individual nature of the process of change means that religion must encourage collective actions towards justice through an appeal to the individual rather than the group. What calls the subject to action is co-related to what the individual perceives as a totality of lived experiences.

Origins and Implications of Kant's Critical Philosophy
1991 0-88946-732-3
Examines Kant's critical philosophy, focussing on its dialectical constitution and gauging its implications. Attempts to determine the meaning of the critical system more by determining the dialectical and rhetorical influences on Kant than by focussing on its manifest reasoning. Begins by taking stock of meta-physical and meta-interpretive materials; then examines the major doctrines of the first Critique; and finally draws wider morals for Kant specifically and for philosophy generally.

Overcoming Metaphysics as a Problem in the History of Philosophy
2006 0-7734-5747-X
This book approaches the issue of overcoming metaphysics from a double perspective called ‘metaphysical insideoutness.’ On the one hand, acknowledging the impossibility of a complete overcoming of metaphysics, it opts for the constant overcoming of one metaphysics with another. On the other hand, it acknowledges some ways of stepping outside metaphysics from the inside. The book starts with an overview of the development of metaphysics from Aristotle to the 18th century and then interprets the modern and recent instances of overcoming metaphysics from the viewpoint of the aforementioned double perspective. Such thinkers as Descartes, Hume, Kant, Husserl, Heidegger, and others are considered, but special emphasis is given to Jacques Derrida, whose work exemplifies the position of ‘metaphysical insideoutness’ paradigmatically by means of his grammatological metaphysics as well as ways to reach outside metaphysics. The remaining and largest part of the study applies this interpretative scheme to the thought of Friedrich Schleiermacher, who also addressed metaphysical questions in the lectures on dialectic and endeavored to overcome metaphysics or speculation in theology.

Philosophy of Panayot Butchvarov: A Collegial Evaluation
2005 0-7734-6108-6
This anthology consists of twelve essays concerning the thought of University of Iowa Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, Panayot Butchvarov, together with his comments on each. Butchvarov’s work reveals extraordinary breadth and depth, running the gamut of metaphysics (including proto-ontology), epistemology, ethics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of mind. Unusual for contemporary philosophers, he is sympathetic both to continental phenomenology and existentialism and also to British-American analytical philosophy. Highly eclectic, he draws upon the views of Descartes, Hume, Kant, Meinong, Moore, Wittgenstein (both “early” and “later”), and Sartre as well as other classical and contemporary thinkers, but at the same time he is quite original, setting forth and defending a range of bold, often controversial, theses on identity, existence, reality, knowledge, language, mind, consciousness, goodness, and universals. Some important topics in the present volume are Butchvarov’s contentions that existence and identity are transcendental concepts that we impose on objects given to us in experience, that the most adequate response to the kind of skepticism occasioned by Descartes’ dream-argument is that we find ourselves deciding what exists and what does not, and that knowledge is the unthinkability of mistake, which is a version of the “strong” Cartesian demand for infallibility.

Religious Dimension in the Thought of Giambattista Vico (1668-1744) Volume 1 the Early Metaphysics
1991 0-7734-9694-7
In this two-volume work, the author argues that the avant-garde features of Giambattista Vico's thought stem directly from his engagement with theological traditions, and his concern to develop a Catholic apologetic. This claim is established through a much more thorough engagement with all Vico's texts than is usual in the secondary literature in English.

Volume 1 The Early Metaphysics deals with Vico's early writings, where he makes his fullest statements concerning humanist vision and Christian metaphysics. It focuses on Vico's baffling but intriguing outline of a metaphysics in the De Antiquissima Italorum Sapientia. Hints are given concerning the import of the metaphysics for the later writings, and it argues that Vico's thought represents an `alternative', theological modernism, at once more radical and more orthodox than the proposals of Kant and Hegel.

Religious Dimension in the Thought of Giambattista Vico (1668-1744) Volume 2 Language, Law and History
1993 0-7734-9215-1
In this two-volume work, the author argues that the avant-garde features of Giambattista Vico's thought stem directly from his engagement with theological traditions, and his concern to develop a Catholic apologetic. This claim is established through a much more thorough engagement with all Vico's texts than is usual in the secondary literature in English.

Schopenhauerian Critique of Nietzsche's Thought Toward a Restoration of Metaphysics
1996 0-7734-8891-X
This study demonstrates that what is positive in Nietzsche's thought was already more clearly expressed in Schopenhauer's philosophy, and what is questionable was already criticized. It also demonstrates the religiosity of Nietzsche's thought, which is a secularized form of certain aspects of Christian theology, which leads to an elevation of psychology over metaphysics, lending support to a trend that has dominated much of twentieth-century thought. The book calls for a diminution in the importance of psychology, and recommends that metaphysics be reestablished in its rightful position by 'starting over' with the philosophy of Schopenhauer. The first part deals with major problems in Nietzsche's thought, such as that of causation, the relationship of Church and State, morality and power, and suffering. Second, it deals with Nietzsche's proposed means to 'salvation' and demonstrates that these means are less than satisfactory. It suggest that many interpretations of Nietzsche have missed some crucial elements in the structure and implications of his thought, not the least of which was that presented by Walter Kaufmann.

Schopenhauer’s Ethics of Patience: Virtue, Salvation, and Value
2010 0-7734-3800-9
This work explores Schopenhauer’s ethics and central aspects of his philosophy of value, discussing his conception of the individual character, his determinism, his depiction of the states of virtue and salvation, and the value that life has when understood in Schopenhauer’s terms. The book also investigates the nature and depth of Schopenhauer’s pessimism, and the extent to which it is rooted in his metaphysics.

Study in Kant's Metaphysics of Aesthetic Experience Reason and Feeling
1992 0-7734-9468-5
This work is for anyone sufficiently interested in beauty to want to reflect philosophically on its nature, examining such questions in Kant's aesthetic theory as: What is beauty? How are natural and artistic beauty related? What is sublimity in art and nature? A critical study in Kant's aesthetics, giving insights to areas of his philosophical enquiry and familiarity with relevant fundamentals of his thought. A reflection on the philosophical nature of beauty.

Understanding Life and Death Through Plato and Socrates: Philosophy as a Confrontation with Eternity
2012 0-7734-2899-2
It fills in a gap by outlining the ways that Plato and Socrates talk about life and death. There is also a lengthy discussion of how Aristophanes responded with satirical exaggerations of their positions. This author focuses entirely on how death and eternity are integral thematic components of the Platonic dialogues. The contribution is in drawing on copious secondary material to make the argument that all great philosophy must serve as a confrontation with eternity. It must make the audience resolve the issue of their own mortality by confronting our precarious place in the cosmos. Eternity is a prescient theme in Plato and Socrates, which is important for bolstering their place in the Western canon.