Subject Area: Medieval Studies

Aristocratic Masculinity in France (1450-1550). From Knight to Courtier
2012 0-7734-2927-1
Looks at how masculinity is depicted in knightly memoirs in 15th century France. The meaning of male and female sexuality was constructed on a hierarchical scale of one single gender, and not a binary opposition of two biologically distinct bodies. The author shows numerous examples of this trend in the knightly memoirs that support this understanding. By the end of the sixteenth century, it is evident that a gender crisis did not occur among noble warriors, since men who styled themselves knights merely adopted many of the outward forms of the courtier while retaining a right to violence as both a mark of nobility and signifier of manhood.

Byrhtferth's East Anglian Chronicle
2006 0-7734-5545-0
This is the third volume in a collection in which the pre-Conquest chronicles of England will be presented in a comparative format. Edited texts of the chronicles, and modern English translations, are placed on facing pages. Opposite them appear the translations, with explanatory comments as footnotes. Each volume will conclude with a full bibliography, followed by detailed indexes of personal and place names.

Byrhtferth’s Northumbrian Chronicle
2006 0-7734-5751-8
This volume is the second in a series in which the pre-Conquest chronicles of England will be presented in a comparative format. Edited texts of the chronicles, and modern English translations, are placed on facing pages. The major Old English and Latin texts are given side by side, annal by annal, on even-numbered pages, with significant variants as footnotes. Opposite them appear the translations, with explanatory comments as footnotes.

Character Development in Edmund Spenser's Faerie Queene
2006 0-7734-5679-1
Focuses on how a series of major characters in Edmund Spenser’s The Faerie Queene; enhances a reader’s appreciation of the epic’s complex topical allegory and its moral implications. These specific techniques of character development include composition, fragmentation, and metamorphosis.

Chronicles of the Reign of Alfred the Great Part I: Introduction and Commentary. The Early Chronicles of England, Volume IV
2010 0-7734-3729-0
This medieval history captures the narrative of England's formation from an Anglo-Saxon settlement into a kingdom. At the center of this is the life of Alfred the Great.

Chronicles of the Reign of Alfred the Great Part Two. The Texts and early chronicles of England, Volume IV
2010 0-7734-3731-2
This medieval history captures the narrative of England's formation from an Anglo-Saxon settlement into a kingdom. At the center of this is the life of Alfred the Great.

Chronicles of the Reign of Æthelred the Unready
2006 0-7734-5750-X
This volume is the first in a series in which the pre-Conquest chronicles of England will be presented in a comparative format. Edited texts of the chronicles, and modern English translations, are placed on facing pages. The major Old English and Latin texts are given side by side, annal by annal, on even-numbered pages, with significant variants as footnotes. Opposite them appear the translations, with explanatory comments as footnotes.

Chronology of Georgian Kings and Patricians of the Ancient Period and the Early Middle Ages. The Christian Georgian Kings and Patricians. (Vol. 1 of Two Volume Set)
2017 978-1-4955-0528-7
The primary value of the manuscript is that it establishes the chronology, sequence and descent of Georgian kings and erismtavaris. It is also important that the author identifies and determines numerous geographical place and toponyms. Volume 2 continues by describing the historical period from the second half of the sixth century to the 780 A.D. Georgia was ruled by the Christian Sassanid dynasty, Persia-Byzantine, and the Perozian and Bakurian Dynasties.

Chronology of Georgian Kings and Patricians of the Ancient Period and the Early Middle Ages. The Christian Georgian Kings and Patricians. (Vol. 2 of Two Volume Set)
2017 978-1-4955-0530-0
Establishes the chronology, sequence and descent of Georgian kings and erismtavaris. It is also important that the author identifies and determines numerous geographical place and toponyms. Volume 2 continues by describing the historical period from the second half of the sixth century to the 780 A.D. Georgia was ruled by the Christian Sassanid dynasty, Persia-Byzantine, and the Perozian and Bakurian Dynasties.

Conflict Between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire During the Early Avignon Era, 1300-1360
2013 0-7734-4473-4
A valuable book presenting readers with an overarching view of the literature produced during a time of intense conflict between the papacy and secular rulers just before and during the Avignon Papacy from 1300-1360 A.D. Implicit in the discussions is the question of the nature of the Church itself and its role in society.

Consolation of Boethius. An Analytical inquiry into his intellectual Processes and Goals
1992 0-7734-9976-8
Using methods from the study of the history of consciousness, this study analyzes symbols such as "philosophy," "participation," and the various images Boethius employs to describe his intellectual process and goal. Its triple argument -- from its internal symbols, from sympathetic readers, and from opponents -- confirms the arguments for the meaning of the Consolation as the attempt of a Christian thinker to avail himself of philosophical thinking as a divine gift in which his own mind participated. It offers to medieval scholarship patterns of analysis which illuminate the patterns of medieval consciousness, and the shift to early modern ways of seeing and thinking. Crosses fields (history, philosophy, theology, literature) and periods (late antique to early modern), and relies on interpretive methodology.

Constructing ‘ England ’ in the Fourteenth Century. A Postcolonial Interpretation of Middle English Romance
2010 0-7734-1293-X
Explores how narratives aided in the construction of a national identity in England in the late Middle Ages. Throughout the Middle Ages England was the site of confluent cultures, English, Scandinavian, and Continental, and this work examines how social, cultural and political encounters, particularly in the centuries following the Norman Conquest, influenced constructions of Englishness.

Critical Edition of Andrés De Li’s Summa De Paciencia (1505)
2003 0-7734-6758-0
The Summa de Paciencia was first published in 1493, in Zaragoza by Pablo Hurus. Reprinted in 1505, it was dedicated to the eldest daughter of Catholic Monarchs, Princess Isabel, following the tragic death of her husband after only six months of marriage, and formed part of the queen’s personal library. The work offers a unique perspective on the role of royal women, as its intended patron is female, somewhat uncommon in medieval times. Li’s Summa de paciencia is manual on the Christian virtue of patience, and is replete with anecdotes, Biblical and Classical references, and heartfelt advice on how to survive turmoil and suffering.The Summa offers to its modern readers a wonderful insight into the fascinating clash of cultures and religions that characterized Spain and its royal family during one of its most fateful decades.

Critical Edition of Peter of Eboli's De Balneis Terre Laboris: (Two Oversized Volumes)
2016 0-7734-4360-6
This two-book set delineates the history of Traditions about the antiquities of the Phlegraean Fields northwest of Naples through a combination of textual, historical, art historical, and cultural investigations. It is, therefore, an attempt to view these important antiquities and the traditions concerning them from a comprehensive and synthetic view to provide one example of the influence of the classical world on later ages. The study ranges from antiquity itself to the present, but its major focus will be on the Middle Ages through the seventeenth century.

Death and Violence in Old and Middle English Literature
2007 0-7734-5469-1
Explores how medieval English authors used the spectacle of a character’s death to express their views about the martial culture of their aristocratic countrymen. The argument is set forth that authorial attitudes toward the warrior ethos evolved from respect or even veneration during the Anglo-Saxon period to condemnation in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, when, after hundreds of years of incessant warfare, writers came to see this ethos as little more than a system of institutionalized violence. Given the texts it considers, this book should appeal particularly to Anglo-Saxonists and Arthurianists, as well as to scholars of war in the Middles Ages and to gender theorists who study medieval conceptions of masculinity.

Demonology of William of Auvergne
2008 0-7734-5242-7
Examines the demonology of William of Auvergne, to determine why and how he constructed his theories out of contemporary lore about demons and other spirits. William was a master of theology in the University of Paris and bishop of Paris from 1228 until his death in 1249, a position in which he served as a major advisor to the young Louis IX. With his demonology he sought to impose an order he considered doctrinally acceptable onto the turbulence of early thirteenth-century France.

Dithmarschen, a Medieval Peasant Republic
1991 0-7734-9783-8
Examines the existence of the Dithmarschen Republic (1227-1559), ruled by commoners who developed their own institutions, had their own written constitution, and successfully defended their political independence against the forces of Holstein, the combined powers of Schleswig and Holstein, and the united kingdom of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Argues that the unique characteristics of Dithmarschen are not unique. Concludes that the small size of the Republic finally prevented its survival due to a reluctance to dilute its sovereignty by associating more closely with neighboring states.

Doctrine of Compunction in Medieval England. Holy Tears
1991 0-88946-225-9
Discusses the background of the doctrine of compunction, the meaning of the term as drawn from the fathers, its meaning in Old English, its meaning in Middle English, and its use in medieval literature, especially Piers Plowman.

Domestic Mysticism in Margery Kempe and Dame Julian of Norwich. The Transformation of Christian Spirituality in the Late Middle Ages
2005 0-7734-6081-0
By using the familial relationship as a referent for their metaphors, mystics speak of the ways in which they understand God’s motherhood, fatherhood, childhood, brotherhood, sisterhood and spousehood. In the same way, these mystics indicate the spiritual possibilities of family relationships. Julian of Norwich and Margery Kempe use metaphorical discourse that creates familial relationships between themselves and God, their community, and ultimately, their readers. For these mystics interested in seeing God in the everyday, the divine and secular cannot be separated.

Dreams in the Western Literary Tradition with Special Reference to Medieval Spain
2006 0-7734-5536-1
Explores the fascinating topic of dreams in Spanish medieval literature. It focuses on three interrelated aspects: the prevalent theories developed by different schools of thought from Antiquity to late Middle Ages, the Spanish treatises, and the legal and catechist documents regarding dreams as presented by influential authors.

Education of Heloise. Methods, Content, and Purpose of Learning in the Twelfth Century
1992 0-7734-9657-2
Heloise, 1100-1163, was a woman known for her scholarship as well as for her administrative abilities, highly regarded by her contemporaries. She received an education usually available only to men; she is believed by many to be the only woman of her time to have received such an education. Known now mainly in conjunction with Abelard, this study reveals the real accomplishments of this remarkable woman.

Fifteenth Century Illustrations of Christine De Pizan's The Book of the City of Ladies and The Treasure of the City of Ladies. Analyzing the Relation of the Pictures to the Text
2012 0-7734-2627-2
Christine de Pizan was one of the few authors of late medieval France involved with all aspects of her manuscripts’ production. Her work has received enormous scholarly attention as their subject is nothing less than the history and education of women. This book fills a gap in the scholarship by shifting the attention from their literary content to the imagery chosen to illustrate these two pioneering books on women and their worth. This new focus includes artists of Christine’s own choosing to those illustrating The City and The Treasure after her death throughout the peak of the two works’ popularity. While much attention has been given to her written words, this book studies the pictures in her texts. In showing the messages embedded in the pictures, the author shows that during the Renaissance status was depicted in highly visual ways. Women were allowed to hold positions of status, but this was often indicated by the way they dressed. This book gives us an important analysis of race, gender, and class during the 15th century.

Four Levels of Meaning in the York Cycle of Mystery Plays
2006 0-7734-5578-7
Explores the four levels of medieval allegory (literal, typological, tropological, and anagogical) in the York Cycle, arguing that these epistemological perceptions were not merely scholastic tools but an integral part of social cosmology. Analysis of the literal level demonstrates that these plays were culturally evocative, refuting their common description as didactic impositions. Analysis of the cycle as an extended anagoge explores the ritual level of medieval York’s self-defining discourse and the ritual compensation for the inability to directly possess God’s Eternity and the cultural past, the central sources of contemporary cultural meanings.

France Before Charlemagne. A Translation From Les Grandes Chroniques
1990 0-88946-640-8
A translation into modern English of the version of Merovingian history produced for the 13th-century Capetians by Primat, working primarily with Aimon's early 11th-century Latin.

Geography- De Situ Orbis A.D.43
1997 0-7734-8558-9
Pomponius Mela wrote the first systematic geography in Latin literature, datable to 43 A.D. This translation contains a facing page reproduction of the the typeset 1493 edition (Venice, Hermolaus Barbatus) of Mela's work. The Latin text casts considerable light on the Roman mind of the 1st century A.D.

Hans Sachs and Folk Theatre in the Late Middle Ages Studies in the History of Popular Culture
1995 0-7734-1344-8
An old tale is brought to life again in this study which traces the English reception history of Fortunatus (editio princeps: Augsburg, 1509). Drawing on his private collection and his international research, Blamires discusses treatments ranging from the Right Pleasant and Variable Tragical Historie of 1640 to the modern reprint of Andrew Lang's Grey Fairy Book. His narrative embraces the many little-known publications, and is supported by the first attempted bibliography of Fortunatus in English and the complete texts of four key versions.

Influence of the Classical World on Medieval Literature, Architecture, Music, and Culture a Collection of Interdisciplinary Studies
1992 0-7734-9188-0
Essays examine the vigorous survival of classical culture, and the way it was embraced and absorbed in such a way as to create a medieval humanism in no way inferior to the culture of the Renaissance.

Influence of the Medieval University on the Latin Church and Secular Government Politics From the Later Middle Ages to Early Modern Times
1992 0-7734-9836-2
Examines comprehensively the involvement of the medieval universities in high politics, using primary and secondary source documents synthesized into narrative form. Concludes that early modern civilization, which emerged about 1500, was largely a result of the medieval university: its intellectual contributions; corporate political activities; external service of individual masters; and the many graduates who held prominent positions in both Church and state.

Insanity, Individuals and Society in Late-Medieval English Literature
2003 0-7734-6752-1
Examines representations of madness in a variety of late-medieval texts, showing how writers exploited the conventional understandings of madness for personal and political purposes. This interdisciplinary book begins by examining the literary conventions and medical treatments of madness in medieval Britain and challenges romantic and progressivist theories about the history of madness. The author emphasizes that madness was regarded not merely as a metaphor for spiritual turpitude, but also as a rationally explicable phenomenon and that different conceptions of madness are often mobilized within the same text.

Jerusalem in Medieval Thought, 400-1300
2002 0-7734-7175-8
Text draws together ancient and medieval history, scripture, theology, monastic studies, and the history of ideas. It traces the concept of Jerusalem from the early church almost through the Middle Ages, in the monastic thought of Christian Latin writings from the time of Constantine through and beyond the 12th century. Recognizes that certain concerns within the church (such as anti-Jewish polemic) led the early fathers to devalue the physical Jerusalem and stress the role of Jerusalem as a symbol of heavenly bliss.

Letter Collections of Arnulf of Lisieux
1997 0-7734-8689-5
First English translation of Arnulf of Lisieux' letters (1141-1181). Arnulf was deeply involved with many major events of the twelfth century. His correspondents included kings, popes, cardinals, fellow bishops, abbots, scholars, and friends. He worked closely with Bernard of Clairvaux, accompanied Louis VII and Eleanor of Aquitaine on the Second Crusade, and was an early advocate of young Duke Henry of Normandy in his campaign to become Henry II of England and later served Henry's court in several capacities. His actions in the Becket controversy extended to engineering the final settlement that brought Henry to his knees at the altar of Canterbury.

Life and Legend of Gerbert of Aurillac
2005 0-7734-5924-3
Born a peasant at the end of the first millennium, Gerbert of Aurillac ascended the chair of Peter as Pope Sylvester II. His meteoric rise in power helped bring about the legend which sprang up after his death. Gerbert distinguished himself in nearly every field of human endeavor. It was as a teacher and a mathematician that he exercised the role of organ builder. A feature unique to this book is the use of sources from a variety of disciplines. In order not to present a one-dimensional (and therefore false) appraisal, this study examines Gerbert in his various roles as letter-writer, mathematician, scientist, politician and churchman.

Medieval Book of Beasts -- Pierre De Beauvais' Bestiary
1992 0-7734-9629-7
An English translation of the short version of the famous French Bestiary of Pierre de Beauvais. The original text, the Physiologus was probably written during the second century, in Greek, then translated to Latin, then translated into Old French by de Beauvais. These are stories of animals given as symbols of Man's eternal fears and hopes. This bestiary is a way to recover some valuable fragments of Time, of the thought and mentality of the Middle Ages. Contains thirty-eight original illustrations by artist Alexandra Eldridge. With introduction, notes, and bibliography.

Medieval Mystery Plays as Popular Culture
2006 0-7734-5624-4
Examines vernacular saint plays in French, Italian, and English from the thirteenth through sixteenth centuries. It focuses on the genre of hagiographic drama as an expression of popular religion and popular culture in the Middle Ages, serving as a test of current theories pertaining to popular culture. Socio-historical methods are employed throughout the work as a basis for determining the role of religious theater in medieval society.

Middle French Translation of Bernard Gui's Shorter Historical Works by Jean Golein
1993 0-7734-9263-1
Makes available for the first time a good portion of the shorter historical works of the famed inquisitor, translated by Jean Golein in 1369. These essays are a compendium of knowledge on the Roman Emperors, Popes, Kings of France, the bishops of Limoges and Toulouse, the priors of Grandmont and Artige, the monastery of St. Augustine at Limoges, the Councils of the Church, and the Mass. The annotations, which are to a large extent based on the Latin sources, serve both to indicate these sources and to clarify difficult words and passages. Includes tables of the principal figures of th text and an extensive index.

Milemete Treatise and Companion Secretum Secretorum. Iconography, Audience, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century England
2011 0-7734-1477-0
Unlike other books on the topic, this study argues that Walter de Milemete devised the manuscript project himself to further his academic and ecclesiastical career. In addition, this work demonstrates that de Milemete originally intended the manuscripts for Edward II, not Edward III.

New Images of Medieval Women. Studies Toward a Cultural Anthropology
1989 0-88946-265-8
Essays that afford a new approach to medieval womanhood by depicting: the social position of the lady and the working woman; women's education; the phenomenology of women in daily life; alternate lifestyles; the important reality of married daily life; clandestine marriages and their legal and clerical implications; and images of the female in literature and art.

Normative Theories of Society and Government in Five Medieval Thinkers
2003 0-7734-6702-5
A detailed scholarly examination of five major medieval thinkers who sought to bring out the implications, for social and political life and organizations, of the doctrines, thought-patterns and language of Christianity, and to define the role of the institutional Church in that life and organization.

Notion of Papal Monarchy in the Thirteenth Century
2011 0-7734-1441-X
This work demonstrates that in the thirteenth century there existed a variety of beliefs concerning the papal office. It departs from previous books, which have argued that the hierocratic theory of papal monarchy was systematic in character and the dominant way of understanding the papacy.

Oldest British Prose Literature. The Compilation of the Four Branches of the Mabinogi
2009 0-7734-4710-5
Establishes the chronology and provenance of the early mediæval tales known today as the Four Branches of the Mabinogi. Although they have been justly described as ‘fundamentally the stories of the old Brittonic gods from whom the leading Welsh dynasties claimed descent’, which makes their principal subject-matter archaic and in principle timeless, Tolstoy shows that often seemingly incongruous and contradictory passages reflect details of historical events in Britain and Ireland during the first two decades of the eleventh century.

Papal Abdication in Later Medieval Thought
1990 0-88946-831-1
In this first extensive work on the subject of papal abdication, the author uses Latin sources not available in English translation to offer a comprehensive account of Peter Olivi's rebuttal of the dissident Spiritual Franciscans as well as a summary of the broader defense of abdication by Giles of Rome.

Peter of Ailly and the Harvest of Fourteenth Century Philosophy
1989 0-88946-307-7
Describes the state of philosophy at the end of the fourteenth century by examining the teaching of Peter of Ailly (1370-1420), who used the theological teaching of God's omnipotence to remove certainty concerning the physical order, the moral order, and the supernatural order.

Prayer Life of Peasant Communities in Late Medieval Sweden. A Contrast of Ideals and Practices
2011 0-7734-1543-2
Examines elaborate prayer practices among peasant communities in late medieval Sweden. The work focuses on the perspectives of ideals and practices, namely the standards of prayer, devotional prayer, and prayer in times of need and prayer cultures.

Priests as Physicians of Souls in Marsilius of Padua's Defensor Pacis
1992 0-7734-9965-2
Examines Marsilius' analysis of and response to the conflict between Christianity and the political life as he encounters it in the Middle Ages. Argues that Marsilius approaches the relationship between the priest and the civil ruler in light of his understanding of the relationship between the priest and the philosopher.

Rite of Church Dedication in the Early Medieval Era
1998 0-7734-2231-5
Moves beyond the dedication of the building per se to show the intent of the rite: the creation of an assembly or convocation of believers who share a sacred history and common responsibilities to God and to the church universal. It illustrates this by drawing parallels between the ninth-century dedication rite and the rite of Christian Initiation to show that the building and the assembly were literally baptized and blessed.

Search for a Patron in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance
1996 0-7734-8867-7
Modern studies have largely ignored the significant roles played by patrons who commissioned works in the arts during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. This volume offers general studies on patronage and a series of specific illustrations of varied examples of patronage that range from ninth-century France to sixteenth-century Italy. Among the patrons considered are royalty such as King Richard II of England, Cosimo I de'Medici, and the members of the House of Savoy and others. By shedding new light on patronage, these studies assist us to understand the complex and fluid interrelationships that once motivated both patron and artist. With photographs.

Solving Some Enigmas of the Middle Ages. The Historian as a Detective
2011 0-7734-1538-6
Examines historical problems encountered on topics from eleventh-century France, England, and the Crusader East, and to a lesser degree from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. These topics include works of art - the Eleanor of Aquitaine vase, the celebrated Bayeux Tapestry, a sixteenth century poem and painting - to inquiries about individual people, such as the first troubadour poet.

Symmetrical Patterning in Franciscan Writings of the Late Middle Ages
2011 0-7734-2535-7
A study of palindromic structures (words or phrases that can be read the same way forwards and backwards) in the works of Bonaventure, Dante, Boccaccio, and the Franciscan writers of the late Middle Ages. Provides the conceptual basis for the use of the palindrome while demonstrating that palindrome was not just an ornamental style of writing, but also a reflection of humanity’s perception of the world. Significant attention has been paid to Franciscan theology as it relates to human endeavors and God’s creation.

Ten Latin Schooltexts of the Later Middle Ages Translated Sections
1990 0-88946-124-4
An anthology of texts used in medieval Latin instruction, with introductions and notes. The only anthology to make the most important texts in this subject area available in English. Of use to scholars in English, history, comparative literature, theater, speech, medieval studies, and Latin.

Thomas Becket and Boniface of Savoy Resisting the English Kings. The Condemnations of 1270-1277, Opposing the Faculty at the Universities of Paris and Oxford
2013 0-7734-4065-8
Studies the register, curriculum, the students and faculty life of medieval universities from 1200-1450. The author’s primary concern is to explain how these universities played a role in condemning, and later accepting the theology of Thomas Aquinas.

Towards a Spirituality for Lay Active life in Middle English Religious literature from the Thirteenth Century to the Fifteenth
1996 0-7734-4212-X
Based on extensive manuscript research in British Libraries, a close reading of the relevant primary sources, and a wide survey of the secondary literature, presents much new evidence for the engagement of the laity in the Christian life. It reveals that in the 13th - 15th centuries the development of a lay spirituality emerged that has been largely ignored to date.

Translation of Jerome's Chronicon with Historical Commentary
1996 0-7734-2258-7
This translation and commentary will make Jerome's Chronicle available in English for the first time. Moreover, its selective notes will clarify Jerome's often terse references to persons, events and places in the fourth century A.D. The extensive bibliography, of both ancient and modern works, will provide guidance for Jerome's own sources. It will also serve to introduce the reader to many modern works that cover the early chronicle tradition as well as the historical period addressed by Jerome's work, because Jerome's Chronicle is concerned largely with imperial Roman history as well as ecclesiastical history.

Tres Civilizaciones Del Mundo Medieval Crítica, Análisis Y Crónicas De Las Primeras Cruzadas
1998 0-7734-8494-9
Examines the socio-economic, political and religious impact on society of the first Christian crusades, as seen by three civilizations: Latin, Byzantine, and Islamic. This text can be used by researchers in the Middle Ages in history, comparative religions, Spanish literature and civilization, comparative cultures, Latin-American studies, multicultural education, and Mexican-American studies. Part II consists of the translations into Spanish of the Latin, Greek, and Arabic Chronicles, each of which provide a different perspective to the question of the Middle Eastern conflict circa 1095-1099. The Appendix includes an historical Chronology covering the periods from 610 A.D. to 11 A. D., and one of the most extensive bibliographies on the Middle Ages and Crusades. In Spanish.

Tristan Story in German Literature of the Late Middle Ages and Early Renaissance. Tradition and Innovation
1990 0-88946-075-2
Presents a fresh look at the German Tristan stories appearing after the Tristant of Eilhart von Oberge and the Tristan of Gottfried von Strassburg, focusing on the main representatives of the genre from 1235 to 1553. Stimulates a rethinking of the standards by which we measure the achievement of the German Tristan poets who wrote from the 13th century onward.

Understanding Beowulf as an Indo-European Epic. A Study in Comparative Mythology
2010 0-7734-3755-X
This monograph is the first book-length comprehensive textual analysis of the Beowulf saga as an Indo-European epic. It provides a detailed reading of the epic in conjunction with ancient legal and cultural practices that allow for a new understanding of this classic work. This theoretical resource offers insights valuable to the fields of comparative mythology, medieval literature and Anglo-Saxon studies.

Violence and Vengeance in Middle Welsh and Middle English Narrative. Owein and Ywain and Gawain
2009 0-7734-4658-3
This study examines the presence and extent of legal and feud elements in the Middle Welsh Owein and the Middle English Ywain and Gawain. The anonymous English author of Ywain and Gawain expresses sentiments of a feud culture, especially the sanctity of the spoken vow. The process of feud and the concern for honor, along with the sentiment of reciprocity and exchange which inform them, are so integral to the cultures which produced Owein and Ywain and Gawain that familiarity with this mentalité is essential to fully appreciate and understand the literature.

Welsh Noblewomen in the Thirteenth Century. An Historical Study of Medieval Welsh Law and Gender Roles
2009 0-7734-4672-9
Analyzes the role of Welsh noblewomen thirteenth-century Welsh history. It discusses their absence from this history until recently and examines several outstanding Welsh noblewomen. The women studied include the mothers, wives and daughters of the native Welsh rulers of Gwynedd as well as noblewomen from northern Powys, Cydewain, and Ceredigion. This book contains twelve color photographs.

Westward Movement of Northern Insular Culture and Christianity in the Middle Ages. A Critical Review of Archaeological and Literary Sources on the Faroes, Iceland and Norse Greenland in Relation to Churches and Christianity in Norse Greenland
2016 1-4955-0428-X
This important study will help shed light on the relatively obscure developments of the spread of Christianity into the edges of the Northern world during the early Middle Ages. The author uses a wide variety of original sources including historical records, recent archaeological finds, his keen understanding of the languages and religion of the people of that time which adds to the significance of the research in this remarkable book.