Subject Area: Medieval & Renaissance

Aristocratic Masculinity in France (1450-1550): From Knight to Courtier
2012 0-7734-2927-1
This book looks at how masculinity is depicted in knightly memoirs in 15th century France. The meaning of male and female sexuality was constructed on a hierarchical scale of one single gender, and not a binary opposition of two biologically distinct bodies. The author shows numerous examples of this trend in the knightly memoirs that support this understanding.

This project investigates how the French warrior aristocracy from the end of the Hundred Years War to the beginning of the French Wars of Religion (roughly 1450 to 1550) adopted, resisted, or integrated new perceptions of masculinity, brought on by the rising social and political influence of the rival masculinity of the courtier, with their warrior heritage. During these years the French knightly elite came under increasing ridicule from critics who eschewed the gruff demeanor of soldiers and taught instead that education and bearing were more appropriate signs of privileged status rather than martial prowess.

Indeed, King Francis I (1515-1547), widely known to contemporaries and to historians as a patron of Renaissance thought, art, architecture, and manners, espoused courtliness and implicitly devalued traditional martial values. Yet this repudiation thinly concealed a paradox for it was precisely through violence that the king was able to maintain power and authority and knights were expected to use to defend their rights as men.

Thus, conceptions of masculinity during Francis’ reign were conflicted: the behavioral requirements of a knightly aristocrat were now simultaneously, if incongruously, violent and erudite, murderous yet courtly, masculine and feminine. By the end of the sixteenth century, it is evident that a gender crisis did not occur among noble warriors, since men who styled themselves knights merely adopted many of the outward forms of the courtier while retaining a right to violence as both a mark of nobility and signifier of manhood.

Byrhtferth's East Anglian Chronicle
2006 0-7734-5545-0
This is the third volume in a collection in which the pre-Conquest chronicles of England will be presented in a comparative format. Edited texts of the chronicles, and modern English translations, are placed on facing pages. Opposite them appear the translations, with explanatory comments as footnotes. Each volume will conclude with a full bibliography, followed by detailed indexes of personal and place names.

Byrhtferth’s Northumbrian Chronicle
2006 0-7734-5751-8
This volume is the second in a series in which the pre-Conquest chronicles of England will be presented in a comparative format. Edited texts of the chronicles, and modern English translations, are placed on facing pages. The major Old English and Latin texts are given side by side, annal by annal, on even-numbered pages, with significant variants as footnotes. Opposite them appear the translations, with explanatory comments as footnotes. Each volume is provided with an introduction in which the various texts are listed and their sources and authenticity discussed, followed by an assessment of their historical significance. These discussions are illustrated by facsimiles of specimen folios, together with maps showing places mentioned in the texts. Where appropriate, biographical notes on persons mentioned in the texts are included. Each volume concludes with a full bibliography, followed by detailed indexes of personal and place names.

Character Development in Edmund Spenser's the Faerie Queene
2006 0-7734-5679-1
This text focuses on how a series of major characters in Edmund Spenser’s The Faerie Queene (Prince Arthur, Britomart, Duessa, Artegall, and those characters that figure forth the poet’s sovereign, Elizabeth I) enhance a reader’s appreciation of the epic’s complex topical allegory and its moral implications. By closely interpreting the respective functions and narratives of these characters, and additionally examining some of Spenser’s main techniques of character development, the author proposes that the above figures both articulate and underscore central aspects of the poet’s politically encomiastic and critical agendas. These specific techniques of character development include composition, fragmentation, and metamorphosis (both positive, as in the case of Britomart, as well as pejorative, such as in the case of the wicked enchantress Duessa). By thus investigating the topical import of The Faerie Queene’s allegory, the author further demonstrates both how the epic’s major characters illustrate contemporary Elizabethan moral and political ideals and, in certain cases, exemplify serious perceived threats to those ideals. The text also indicates that the poet consistently and cautiously treads a fine line between allegorically depicting controversial historical issues and events (towards which at least some Elizabethans were ambivalent), and praising Elizabeth and her successful governing abilities. This crucial tension, reflected in the epic’s diverse plots, invests the topical aspects of the poem with much of their complexity. Yet, given that Spenser’s main aims included portraying his queen as a model monarch, while simultaneously enhancing concepts of English nationhood, his criticisms of her government and policies remain tentative. Loyalty to the Tudor sovereign and to the predominant Protestant faith in England are fundamental to the epic, for the poet assumes they provide his audience with an essential foundation for personal moral “self-fashioning.” Eclectically drawing on a variety of literary traditions, such as Italian Renaissance epic, medieval Arthuriana, and classical literature, Spenser thus creates a markedly Protestant epic that glorifies Britain’s heritage and monarch even as it explores the intriguing complexities of heroism and heroic character.

Chronicles of the Reign of Alfred the Great Part I: Introduction and Commentary. The Early Chronicles of England, Volume IV
2010 0-7734-3729-0

Chronicles of the Reign of Alfred the Great Part Two. The Texts and early chronicles of England, Volume IV
2010 0-7734-3731-2

Chronicles of the Reign of Æthelred the Unready
2006 0-7734-5750-X
This volume is the first in a series in which the pre-Conquest chronicles of England will be presented in a comparative format. Edited texts of the chronicles, and modern English translations, are placed on facing pages. The major Old English and Latin texts are given side by side, annal by annal, on even-numbered pages, with significant variants as footnotes. Opposite them appear the translations, with explanatory comments as footnotes. Each volume is provided with an introduction in which the various texts are listed and their sources and authenticity discussed, followed by an assessment of their historical significance. These discussions are illustrated by facsimiles of specimen folios, together with maps showing places mentioned in the texts. Where appropriate, biographical notes on persons mentioned in the texts are included. Each volume concludes with a full bibliography, followed by detailed indexes of personal and place names.

Conflict Between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire During the Early Avignon Era, 1300-1360
2013 0-7734-4473-4
A valuable book presenting readers with an overarching view of the literature produced during a time of intense conflict between the papacy and secular rulers just before and during the Avignon Papacy from 1300-1360 A.D. Implicit in the discussions is the question of the nature of the Church itself and its role in society.

Consolation of Boethius. An Analytical inquiry into his intellectual Processes and Goals
1992 0-7734-9976-8
Using methods from the study of the history of consciousness, this study analyzes symbols such as "philosophy," "participation," and the various images Boethius employs to describe his intellectual process and goal. Its triple argument -- from its internal symbols, from sympathetic readers, and from opponents -- confirms the arguments for the meaning of the Consolation as the attempt of a Christian thinker to avail himself of philosophical thinking as a divine gift in which his own mind participated. It offers to medieval scholarship patterns of analysis which illuminate the patterns of medieval consciousness, and the shift to early modern ways of seeing and thinking. Crosses fields (history, philosophy, theology, literature) and periods (late antique to early modern), and relies on interpretive methodology.

Constructing ‘ England ’ in the Fourteenth Century : A Postcolonial Interpretation of Middle English Romance
2010 0-7734-1293-X
This work explores how narratives aided in the construction of a national identity in England in the late Middle Ages. Throughout the Middle Ages England was the site of confluent cultures, English, Scandinavian, and Continental, and this work examines how social, cultural and political encounters, particularly in the centuries following the Norman Conquest, influenced constructions of Englishness.

Critical Edition of AndrÉs De Li’s Summa De Paciencia (1505)
2003 0-7734-6758-0
The Summa de paciencia, a Spanish incunable by Andrés de Li, was first published in 1493, in Zaragoza by Pablo Hurus. Reprinted in 1505, it was dedicated to the eldest daughter of Catholic Monarchs, Princess Isabel, following the tragic death of her husband after only six months of marriage, and formed part of the queen’s personal library. The work offers a unique perspective on the role of royal women, as its intended patron is female, somewhat uncommon in medieval times. Li’s Summa de paciencia is manual on the Christian virtue of patience, and is replete with anecdotes, Biblical and Classical references, and heartfelt advice on how to survive turmoil and suffering. In addition, the work offers guidance on how to avoid temptation, painting a vivid picture of what happens to those unfortunate souls unlucky enough to fall victim to their weaknesses. It was written during a time of transition in Spain, as the nationally-unifying ascension of Fernando and Isabel brought with it the establishment of the Spanish Inquisition, the end of the Reconquest, the expulsion of the Spanish Jews, and the discovery of the New World. The Summa offers to its modern readers a wonderful insight into the fascinating clash of cultures and religions that characterized Spain and its royal family during one of its most fateful decades.

Critical Edition of Peter of Eboli's de Balneis Terre Laboris: (two Oversized Volumes)
2016 0-7734-4360-6
This two-book set delineates the history of Traditions about the antiquities of the Phlegraean Fields northwest of Naples through a combination of textual, historical, art historical, and cultural investigations. It is, therefore, an attempt to view these important antiquities and the traditions concerning them from a comprehensive and synthetic view to provide one example of the influence of the classical world on later ages. The study ranges from antiquity itself to the present, but its major focus will be on the Middle Ages through the seventeenth century.

Demonology of William of Auvergne
2008 0-7734-5242-7
This book examines the demonology of William of Auvergne, to determine why and how he constructed his theories out of contemporary lore about demons and other spirits. William was a master of theology in the University of Paris and bishop of Paris from 1228 until his death in 1249, a position in which he served as a major advisor to the young Louis IX. With his demonology he sought to impose an order he considered doctrinally acceptable onto the turbulence of early thirteenth-century France.

Dithmarschen, a Medieval Peasant Republic
1991 0-7734-9783-8
Examines the existence of the Dithmarschen Republic (1227-1559), ruled by commoners who developed their own institutions, had their own written constitution, and successfully defended their political independence against the forces of Holstein, the combined powers of Schleswig and Holstein, and the united kingdom of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Argues that the unique characteristics of Dithmarschen are not unique, and that many medieval peasant communities shared these characteristics - the clan system, a militia, and the desire to govern themselves - but had lacked the advantageous geographic and political situation enjoyed by Dithmarschen. Concludes that the small size of the Republic finally prevented its survival due to a reluctance to dilute its sovereignty by associating more closely with neighboring states.

Doctrine of Compunction in Medieval England Holy Tears
1991 0-88946-225-9
Discusses the background of the doctrine of compunction, the meaning of the term as drawn from the fathers, its meaning in Old English, its meaning in Middle English, and its use in medieval literature, especially Piers Plowman.

Domestic Mysticism in Margery Kempe and Dame Julian of Norwich. The Transformation of Christian Spirituality in the Late Middle Ages
2005 0-7734-6081-0
This work examines the ways in which medieval mystics attempt to orient themselves to God through metaphorically organizing the spaces of anchorhold, bedroom, and pilgrimage. In this work, I have examined one type of mystical metaphor, the familial metaphor. By using the familial relationship as a referent for their metaphors, mystics speak of the ways in which they understand God’s motherhood, fatherhood, childhood, brotherhood, sisterhood and spousehood. In the same way, these mystics indicate the spiritual possibilities of family relationships. Julian of Norwich and Margery Kempe use metaphorical discourse that creates familial relationships between themselves. God., their community, and ultimately, their readers. For these mystics interested in seeing God in the everyday, the divine and secular cannot be separated. God and Jesus can mother and father, and therefore, through the metaphorical dimensions of mothers and fathers, the mystics give these divine acts a certain human form. In order to employ such metaphor, the figurative language must be understood as referring to some thing, some act that is recognizable, familiar. In this way, Margery and Julian see the human fitting into the divine image in terms of human capabilities, in this case, the human capability to create, to nurture, to guide, and to love. Not only are God and Jesus understood in terms of the positive acts of humanity, but the mystics give those positive acts, in this case acts connected to parenting, a spiritual awareness.

Dreams in the Western Literary Tradition with Special Reference to Medieval Spain
2006 0-7734-5536-1
This book explores the fascinating topic of dreams in Spanish medieval literature. It focuses on three interrelated aspects: the prevalent theories developed by different schools of thought from Antiquity to late Middle Ages, the Spanish treatises, and the legal and catechist documents regarding dreams as presented by influential authors such as Isidore of Seville, Ramón Llull, Fray Lope de Barrientos, Arnald of Villanova, and Pedro Ciruelo, and the analysis of various literary dream accounts, including the Cantar de mío Cid, Razón de amor, Libro de Alexandre, Poema de Fernán González, Vida de Santa Oria, Visión de Alfonso X, and Romance de Doña Alda, according to these oneiric classifications and traditions. The study demonstrates that medieval Spanish literature follows the mainstream intellectual views on dreams, and the poetic predilection towards revelatory dreams is a result of their dominant position and constant resurfacing throughout the centuries.

Education of Heloise Methods, Content, and Purpose of Learning in the Twelfth Century
1992 0-7734-9657-2
Heloise, 1100-1163, was a woman known for her scholarship as well as for her administrative abilities, highly regarded by her contemporaries. She received an education usually available only to men; she is believed by many to be the only woman of her time to have received such an education. Known now mainly in conjunction with Abelard, this study reveals the real accomplishments of this remarkable woman.

Fifteenth Century Illustrations of Christine De Pizan's the Book of the City of Ladies and the Treasure of the City of Ladies: Analyzing the Relation of the Pictures to the Text
2012 0-7734-2627-2
Christine de Pizan was one of the few authors of late medieval France involved with all aspects of her manuscripts’ production. Her work has received enormous scholarly attention as their subject is nothing less than the history and education of women. This book fills a gap in the scholarship by shifting the attention from their literary content to the imagery chosen to illustrate these two pioneering books on women and their worth. This new focus includes artists of Christine’s own choosing to those illustrating The City and The Treasure after her death throughout the peak of the two works’ popularity.

The Social context and iconographic content of the miniatures accompanying these texts provides a broad, often diverse view of the role and image of the fifteenth century woman. In The City, the illustrations often focus on intellectual discussion rather than heroic action of women. In The Treasure, typically the pictures show scenes of stately lectures and well-dressed students, usually nobility, crowded into classroom settings, which illuminates the advances in education for women at that time.

Christine de Pizan was one of the first female novelists in Western society. While much attention has been given to her written words, this book studies the pictures in her texts. In showing the messages embedded in the pictures, the author shows that during the Renaissance status was depicted in highly visual ways. Women were allowed to hold positions of status, but this was often indicated by the way they dressed. This book gives us an important analysis of race, gender, and class during the 15th century.

Four Levels of Meaning in the York Cycle of Mystery Plays
2006 0-7734-5578-7
This study explores the four levels of medieval allegory (literal, typological, tropological, and anagogical) in the York Cycle, arguing that these epistemological perceptions were not merely scholastic tools but an integral part of social cosmology. This study applies current anthropological theories found in New Historicism while resisting the common tendency to use cultural localizing to negate generalized interpretations, which undermines the very purpose of these theories. Analysis of the literal level demonstrates that these plays were culturally evocative, refuting their common description as didactic impositions. The typology implied in the cycle’s structure reveals the Boethian Time/Eternity contrast at the heart of medieval cosmology. Tropological analysis reveals a nominalist epistemology in the Fall and Redemption argument, aligning these productions with the fifteenth-century mystical nominalism of Nicholas of Cusa and the verisimilitude of the Flemish painters. Analysis of the cycle as an extended anagoge explores the ritual level of medieval York’s self-defining discourse and the ritual compensation for the inability to directly possess God’s Eternity and the cultural past, the central sources of contemporary cultural meanings. This work will appeal to all students of medieval culture and literature and students of drama.

France Before Charlemagne a Translation From Les Grandes Chroniques
1990 0-88946-640-8
A translation into modern English of the version of Merovingian history produced for the 13th-century Capetians by Primat, working primarily with Aimon's early 11th-century Latin. Will increase the material available for a study of medieval narrative techniques, since the Merovingian portion of Les Grandes Chroniques often reads as well as most fiction, offering a peculiar combination of myth, folk-tale, panegyric, fact, and political argument. In addition, this material, in conjunction with Gregory of Tours' History of the Franks, may serve as a vivid introduction to medieval historiography.

Geographical History of Institutional Provision for the Insane From Medieval Times to the 1860’s in England and Wales
2003 0-7734-6509-X
This book tackles the historical encounter between madness and space in two interwoven ways. Conceptually, it offers a critical revisiting of Foucault’s famous 1961 text translated as Madness and Civilization. Empirically, it offers a sustained inquiry into the changing geography of the palces and spaces associated with madness in England and Wales from Medieval times to the 1860s. It traces the emergence of an exclusionary impulse seeking to remove those designated as ‘mad’ from the midst of everyday society, and it also maps out the many different sites and institutions that have confined, sheltered, treated and even cured madness over the centuries. From the places of hermit-saints to the spaces of the public county lunatic asylum, attention is paid to the discourses and practices that have created a succession of muddled, overlain and often disputed ‘landscapes of lunacy’. From the seclusion of the remotest countryside to the bustle of the most congested city, reference is made to the many different types of environment that have been the setting for receptacles receiving early mental patients. Readers can follow the broad historical sweep of the narrative, or they can dip into the relatively self-contained chapters on particular facilities (gaols and workhouses, private madhouses, charitable lunatic hospitals, and public county lunatic asylums).

Geography/de Situ Orbis A.d.43
1997 0-7734-8558-9
Pomponius Mela wrote the first systematic geography in Latin literature, datable to 43 A.D. This translation contains a facing page reproduction of the the typeset 1493 edition (Venice, Hermolaus Barbatus) of Mela's work. The Latin text casts considerable light on the Roman mind of the 1st century A.D.

Gerhart Ladner and the Idea of Reform: A Modern Historian’s Quest for Ancient and Medieval Truth
2015 1-4955-0328-3
This is the first study to tap the deep archival reservoirs of Gerhart Ladner’s personal correspondence in an effort to reveal not only Ladner’s valuable intellectual treasures but also the evolution of his groundbreaking research into the history of reform which led to his seminal work The Idea of Reform.
This book examines the lifework of Gerhart Ladner (1905-1993). Winner of the American Historical Association’s Lifetime Award for Scholarly Distinction in 1991, he received the Homer Haskins Medal in 1961 for his seminal work on The Idea of Reform: Its Impact on Christian Thought and Action in the Age of the Fathers.

Influence of the Classical World on Medieval Literature, Architecture, Music, and Culture a Collection of Interdisciplinary Studies
1992 0-7734-9188-0
Essays examine the vigorous survival of classical culture, and the way it was embraced and absorbed in such a way as to create a medieval humanism in no way inferior to the culture of the Renaissance. Essays include: The Theory of Johannes Ciconia and the Revision of the Medieval Curriculum (Oliver B. Ellsworth); Beowulf and the Aeneid - The Role of the Poet in the Courtly/Heroic Society (Fidel Fajardo-Acosta); The Twelfth-Century Renaissance in Provençal Architecture (John D. Hoag); Slaves and Princes - Terence Through Time (Julia Bolton Holloway); Folquet de Marselha and the Classical Tradition (Frede Jensen); Cicero's Pro Caelio - The First Collation of the Vetus Cluniacensis in Italy (Tadeusz Maslowski); Terence, Hroswitha, Bishop Godehard and St. Nicholas' Plays (John L. Murphy); Dante's Comedic Displacements of Ovid's Narcissus (Edward Peter Nolan); Two Men and a Letter with Beast - The Book of the Maccabees, Thirteenth-Century Paris, and Colorado MS 8 (Liesel M. Nolan); The Classical Allusions in Gottfried von Strassburg's Tristan (Nancy W. Nolte); "Vehementer Amo" - The Amorous Verse Epistles of Baudry of Bourgueil and Constance of Angers (Constance S. Wright).

Influence of the Medieval University on the Latin Church and Secular Government Politics From the Later Middle Ages to Early Modern Times
1992 0-7734-9836-2
Examines comprehensively the involvement of the medieval universities in high politics, using primary and secondary source documents synthesized into narrative form. Concludes that early modern civilization, which emerged about 1500, was largely a result of the medieval university: its intellectual contributions; corporate political activities; external service of individual masters; and the many graduates who held prominent positions in both Church and state.

Italian Renaissance Festivals and their European Influence
1992 0-7734-9608-4
Essays from a specialist seminar held at University of Warwick, April 1990, under the auspices of Graduate school of Renaissance Studies. The essays examine festival occasions taking place between 1560 and 1660, and draw attention to some of the more vigorous developments of the form of political theater, not only in Italy but also Denmark, France, England, and the German-speaking states.

Jerusalem in Medieval Thought, 400-1300
2002 0-7734-7175-8

Johannes Renner's Livonian History 1556-1561
1997 0-7734-8691-7
This translation of Renner's 16th century Baltic chronicle is an important source for early modern Russian history, dealing with the rise of Ivan the Terrible. Renner was a secretary to one of the important officers and observed the political process first-hand and he had access to documents and correspondence. The text is extensively footnoted and includes maps to assist the reader in following the complexities of the opening years of the Great Livonian War 1558-1583.

Letter Collections of Arnulf of Lisieux
1997 0-7734-8689-5
First English translation of Arnulf of Lisieux' letters (1141-1181). Arnulf was deeply involved with many major events of the twelfth century. His correspondents included kings, popes, cardinals, fellow bishops, abbots, scholars, and friends. He began his career in the midst of the English civil war between King Stephen and the Empress Matilda. He worked closely with Bernard of Clairvaux, accompanied Louis VII and Eleanor of Aquitaine on the Second Crusade, and was an early advocate of young Duke Henry of Normandy in his campaign to become Henry II of England and later served Henry's court in several capacities. His actions in the Becket controversy extended to engineering the final settlement that brought Henry to his knees at the altar of Canterbury. This English version of his letters captures the author's allusions, implications, and rhetorical style. It identifies hundreds of personal and place names, and traces quotes and paraphrasing that Arnulf borrowed from the Vulgate Bible, classical treatises, and the works of his contemporaries. Based on the nineteen extant manuscripts, it restores the original order of the letters, and draws some conclusions about the author's intent in compiling and preserving the collection.

Life and Legend of Gerbert of Aurillac
2005 0-7734-5924-3
Born a peasant at the end of the first millennium, Gerbert of Aurillac ascended the chair of Peter as Pope Sylvester II. His meteoric rise in power helped bring about the legend which sprang up after his death. Gerbert distinguished himself in nearly every field of human endeavor. It was as a teacher and a mathematician that he exercised the role of organbuilder. Among his contributions is a treatise on pipe measurements.

A feature unique to this book is the use of sources from a variety of disciplines. In order not to present a one-dimensional (and therefore false) appraisal, this study examines Gerbert in his various roles as letter-writer, mathematician, scientist, politician and churchman. Only in the context of his life and times can one make a valid assessment of Gerbert’s contribution to the art and craft of organbuilding.

Medieval Book of Beasts -- Pierre De Beauvais' Bestiary
1992 0-7734-9629-7
An English translation of the short version of the famous French Bestiary of Pierre de Beauvais. The original text, the Physiologus was probably written during the second century, in Greek, then translated to Latin, then translated into Old French by de Beauvais. These are stories of animals given as symbols of Man's eternal fears and hopes. This bestiary is a way to recover some valuable fragments of Time, of the thought and mentality of the Middle Ages. Contains thirty-eight original illustrations by artist Alexandra Eldridge. With introduction, notes, and bibliography.

Medieval Mystery Plays as Popular Culture
2006 0-7734-5624-4
This book examines vernacular saint plays in French, Italian, and English from the thirteenth through sixteenth centuries. It focuses on the genre of hagiographic drama as an expression of popular religion and popular culture in the Middle Ages, serving as a test of current theories pertaining to popular culture. Socio-historical methods are employed throughout the work as a basis for determining the role of religious theater in medieval society. Contextual analyses of theoretical approaches are provided, including New Historicism, the theory of Mikhail Baktin, and the work of Victor Turner. The chapters offer information concerning the cultic traditions that gave rise to the saint plays, an examination of social changes related to the performances, aesthetic conventions, and issues of reception.

Middle French Translation of Bernard Gui's Shorter Historical Works by Jean Golein
1993 0-7734-9263-1
Makes available for the first time a good portion of the shorter historical works of the famed inquisitor, translated by Jean Golein in 1369. These essays are a compendium of knowledge on the Roman Emperors, Popes, Kings of France, the bishops of Limoges and Toulouse, the priors of Grandmont and Artige, the monastery of St. Augustine at Limoges, the Councils of the Church, and the Mass. The annotations, which are to a large extent based on the Latin sources, serve both to indicate these sources and to clarify difficult words and passages. Includes tables of the principal figures of th text and an extensive index.

Milemete Treatise and Companion Secretum Secretorum: Iconography, Audience, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century England
2011 0-7734-1477-0
Unlike other books on the topic, this study argues that Walter de Milemete devised the manuscript project himself to further his academic and ecclesiastical career. In addition, this work demonstrates that de Milemete originally intended the manuscripts for Edward II, not Edward III. This book contains eight color photographs.

Neomedievalism in the Media: Essays on Film, Television, and Electronic Games
2012 0-7734-2662-0
This is a collection of essays that study the contemporary cultural depictions of medievalism. The book attempts to unravel distortions that tend to domesticate the era and represent it as an extension of modern life. Several authors claim that modernity is so radically different to medieval life that we can only view the past as an extension of the present, rather than as radically different. The present distorts, and often politicizes the past, and these essays explore how everything from commercials, and video games, to the war on terror can contain elements of neo-medieval revisionism. Some authors argue that even though nobody alive today has a lived experience of the period, and holding an authentic medieval experience is almost impossible, there seems to be a sort of nostalgia about medieval times that indicates dissatisfaction with contemporary life.

New Images of Medieval WomenStudies Toward a Cultural Anthropology
1989 0-88946-265-8
Essays that afford a new approach to medieval womanhood by depicting: the social position of the lady and the working woman; women's education; the phenomenology of women in daily life; alternate lifestyles; the important reality of married daily life; clandestine marriages and their legal and clerical implications; and images of the female in literature and art.

Normative Theories of Society and Government in Five Medieval Thinkers
2003 0-7734-6702-5
This book is a detailed scholarly examination of five major medieval thinkers who sought to bring out the implications, for social and political life and organizations, of the doctrines, thought-patterns and language of Christianity, and to define the role of the institutional Church in that life and organization. At the heart of their thought lies a large and pervasive question: is unaided human nature capable of genuinely moral activity, and hence of constructive political association? The study takes due account of biographical information, and an understanding of the cultural, historical and political circumstances in relation to which the chosen authors perceived their enterprise. It examines the development of the ‘ideology’ of the medieval Church with particular reference to three things: the emergence and career of the ‘Augustinian/Gelasian principle’; the contribution of Pope Gregory VII and the immediate and long-term issues underlying that contribution; and the decisive conflict at the turn of the 12th and 13th centuries between Pope Boniface VIII and King Philip IV of France. The book closes with a postscript which describes some of the developments that have transformed the agenda of political theory from ‘medieval’ to ‘modern.’

Notion of Papal Monarchy in the Thirteenth Century
2011 0-7734-1441-X
This work demonstrates that in the thirteenth century there existed a variety of beliefs concerning the papal office. It departs from previous books, which have argued that the hierocratic theory of papal monarchy was systematic in character and the dominant way of understanding the papacy.

Author’s Abstract:
Much has been written about the papacy, particularly the institution at what was arguably its zenith in the Middle Ages. Out of all the centuries which comprise this nebulous period, the thirteenth captures the papacy identifying itself in ever-more exalted language. By this time the pope is no mere Vicar of St. Peter, but now is the Vicar of none other than Christ himself.

The figure most associated with self-identification of this nature is Innocent III, one of the most discussed popes of all time. Similarly, the word “paradigm” is so familiar a term that it has long since moved beyond the semantic fields of academia into the lexicon of the everyday educated person. Justification has to be given, then, for a book on not one familiar topic, but two. Admittedly, one seldom sees these two subjects written about together.

Nevertheless, it shall be shown that the paradigm concept can function as a means not only to critique longstanding assumptions about the nature of beliefs held in the thirteenth-century concerning the papal monarchy, but also as a methodological tool to analyse the differences between religious and scientific communities in hitherto unexplored ways.

Origins of Scientific Learning
2007 0-7734-5369-5
The papers in this volume contribute to the interdisciplinary study dramatic transformations in a wide array of human endeavors (political, artistic, literary, scientific and technological) in Early Modern Europe. All but one of the essays presented here are revised and extended versions of papers delivered at a conference sponsored by Binghamton University’s Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies in 2004 centered on the theme of “Science, Literature, and the Arts in the Medieval and Early Modern World”. This book contains five Black and White photographs and seven color photographs.

Outline History of Rome
2006 0-7734-5710-0
This book is a chronological account of the years and the events of the Roman Commonwealth from the founding of the city in 753 B.C. to the Code of Justinian in A.D. 534. The yearly listings are printed in bold numerals and serve as a rapid locator for the searcher. The annual headnotes contain citations that attach the entry to supporting vouchers in classical literature. Yet, the binding theme of this work is the universal magnetism of the Roman language. No age – whether the Regal Period of the kings or the Republican Period of the consuls or the Imperial Period of the emperors – stood outside the tidal draw of Lingus Latina. Its ready acceptance through the provinces of the Commonwealth came to rest on the incomparable simplicity of its alphabet. Today, this universal transport vehicle, Alphabetum Romanum, is seen in every city of the world. In less than 400 pages, this book opens up one of the most fascinating of all scrolls.

Papal Abdication in Later Medieval Thought
1990 0-88946-831-1
In this first extensive work on the subject of papal abdication, the author uses Latin sources not available in English translation to offer a comprehensive account of Peter Olivi's rebuttal of the dissident Spiritual Franciscans as well as a summary of the broader defense of abdication by Giles of Rome.

Peter of Ailly and the Harvest of Fourteenth Century Philosophy
1989 0-88946-307-7
Describes the state of philosophy at the end of the fourteenth century by examining the teaching of Peter of Ailly (1370-1420), who used the theological teaching of God's omnipotence to remove certainty concerning the physical order, the moral order, and the supernatural order. Many quotations, with Latin on facing pages.

Political Culture in the Early Northern Renaissance - The Court of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (1467-1477)
2005 0-7734-6228-7
Numerous studies have demonstrated the tremendous and varied influences exercised by the court of the Valois dukes of Burgundy upon Tudor England and the Hapsburg Empire. The Burgundian agglomeration of territories in the Low Countries inherited by the Hapsburgs was in fact the key to that dynasty's rise to power and the foremost source of its wealth. In itself the achievement of Valois Burgundy was enormous, particularly in political and cultural terms. But of the four Valois dukes, only the final one, Charles the Bold can be seen as truly having set out to create an independent state. Justice, order, sovereignty, and the display of magnificence were the essential features of Burgundian political culture. The court of Charles the Bold reveals the widely varying manifestations of these unifying ideals within a context of state formation. This monograph examines the culture of the first great Northern court of the early modem era, within the context of Charles's attempt to create a sovereign polity uniting both his French and Imperial fiefs.

Portrayals of Joan of Arc in Film: From Historical Joan to Her Mythological Daughters
2008 0-7734-4945-0
Analyzes how Joan of Arc’s heroism is deliberately undermined in film through the repetition of interpretations of her which enforce conventional patriarchal constructs and limit her heroism. This book contains four black and white photographs and five color photographs.

Prayer Life of Peasant Communities in Late Medieval Sweden: A Contrast of Ideals and Practices
2011 0-7734-1543-2
This study examines elaborate prayer practices among peasant communities in late medieval Sweden. The work focuses on the perspectives of ideals and practices, namely the standards of prayer, devotional prayer, and prayer in times of need and prayer cultures.

Priests as Physicians of Souls in Marsilius of Padua's Defensor Pacis
1992 0-7734-9965-2
This study examines Marsilius' analysis of and response to the conflict between Christianity and the political life as he encounters it in the Middle Ages. Argues that Marsilius approaches the relationship between the priest and the civil ruler in light of his understanding of the relationship between the priest and the philosopher.

Rite of Church Dedication in the Early Medieval Era
1998 0-7734-2231-5
This study moves beyond the dedication of the building per se to show the intent of the rite: the creation of an assembly or convocation of believers who share a sacred history and common responsibilities to God and to the church universal. It illustrates this by drawing parallels between the ninth-century dedication rite and the rite of Christian Initiation to show that the building and the assembly were literally baptized and blessed. Includes English translations of Ordo ad benedicandam ecclesiam and Quid significent duodecim candelae.

Search for a Patron in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance
1996 0-7734-8867-7
Modern studies have largely ignored the significant roles played by patrons who commissioned works in the arts during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. This volume offers general studies on patronage and a series of specific illustrations of varied examples of patronage that range from ninth-century France to sixteenth-century Italy. Among the patrons considered are royalty such as King Richard II of England, Cosimo I de'Medici, and the members of the House of Savoy; court officials in Burgundy and Paris; the members of the Florentine guild of the Arte de'Medici e Speziali; Diane de Foix; and even a 9th century Carolingian individual who seems to have been an ordinary citizen. By shedding new light on patronage, these studies assist us to understand the complex and fluid interrelationships that once motivated both patron and artist. With photographs.

Solving Some Enigmas of the Middle Ages: The Historian as a Detective
2011 0-7734-1538-6
This work examines historical problems encountered on topics from eleventh-century France, England, and the Crusader East, and to a lesser degree from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. These topics include works of art - the Eleanor of Aquitaine vase, the celebrated Bayeux Tapestry, a sixteenth century poem and painting - to inquiries about individual people, such as the first troubadour poet.

Symmetrical Patterning in Franciscan Writings of the Late Middle Ages
2011 0-7734-2535-7
A study of palindromic structures (words or phrases that can be read the same way forwards and backwards) in the works of Bonaventure, Dante, Boccaccio, and the Franciscan writers of the late Middle Ages. The author, Sister Lucia Treanor, provides the conceptual basis for the use of the palindrome while demonstrating that palindrome was not just an ornamental style of writing, but also a reflection of humanity’s perception of the world. Significant attention has been paid to Franciscan theology as it relates to human endeavors and God’s creation.

Ten Latin Schooltexts of the Later Middle Ages Translated Sections
1990 0-88946-124-4
An anthology of texts used in medieval Latin instruction, with introductions and notes. The only anthology to make the most important texts in this subject area available in English. Of use to scholars in English, history, comparative literature, theater, speech, medieval studies, and Latin.

Theory of Translation in the Sixteenth Century: Analyzing Nicholas Herberay Des Essarts’ amadis De Gaula
2005 0-7734-6094-2
The study involves a comparison of the French renaissance translation of the Amadís de Gaula by Nicholas Herberay des Essarts (1540) with the original Spanish medieval work of Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo (1499). The groundwork is laid with a study of translation theory in medieval times and in the renaissance as well as in modern times. After proposing a methodology for the study of the two texts following Joseph Malone, a careful linguistic examination is made. Where there are disparities between the two texts, explanations are proposed based on linguistic, historical and socio-cultural factors. The work presents a theoretical and philosophical background for translation theory as well as its application to two concrete texts. It is suggested that the work of Herberay des Essarts, as a free translation, might be more aptly seen as a transformation of Montalvo’s text. Thus, through a detailed comparison of the Spanish and French texts, the reader is able to glimpse into the translational process and see the possibilities it presents for faithful reproduction and transformation of the source text in the target text.

Thomas Becket and Boniface of Savoy Resisting the English Kings: The Condemnations of 1270-1277 Opposing the Faculty at the Universities of Paris and Oxford
2013 0-7734-4065-8
This book studies the register, curriculum, the students and faculty life of medieval universities from 1200-1450. The author’s primary concern is to explain how these universities played a role in condemning, and later accepting the theology of Thomas Aquinas.

Three Renaissance Comedies
1991 0-7734-9450-2
This volume collects three Italian Renaissance comedies not readily available to the English-speaking reader and director: Ariosto's Lena (never before translated into English); Ruzante's Posh Talk (also never translated from the Paduan and Bergamask dialects); and Aretino's Talanta. Of contrasting styles, they share some characteristics, which mirror the advance of all Italian literature from humanism to the Counter-reformation, from Bembo to Sperone Speroni and from rudimentary or symbolic staging to a comparatively sophisticated realism in the treatment of stage space. With illustrations.

Towards a Spirituality for lay-active life in Middle English Religious literature from the Thirteenth Century to the Fifteenth
1996 0-7734-4212-X
Based on extensive manuscript research in British Libraries, a close reading of the relevant primary sources, and a wide survey of the secondary literature, presents much new evidence for the engagement of the laity in the Christian life. It reveals that in the 13th - 15th centuries the development of a lay spirituality emerged that has been largely ignored to date.

Translation of Jerome's Chronicon with Historical Commentary
1996 0-7734-2258-7
This translation and commentary will make Jerome's Chronicle available in English for the first time. Moreover, its selective notes will clarify Jerome's often terse references to persons, events and places in the fourth century A.D. The extensive bibliography, of both ancient and modern works, will provide guidance for Jerome's own sources. It will also serve to introduce the reader to many modern works that cover the early chronicle tradition as well as the historical period addressed by Jerome's work, because Jerome's Chronicle is concerned largely with imperial Roman history as well as ecclesiastical history.

Tres Civilizaciones Del Mundo Medieval Crítica, Análisis Y Crónicas De Las Primeras Cruzadas
1998 0-7734-8494-9
Examines the socio-economic, political and religious impact on society of the first Christian crusades, as seen by three civilizations: Latin, Byzantine, and Islamic. This text can be used by researchers in the Middle Ages in history, comparative religions, Spanish literature and civilization, comparative cultures, Latin-American studies, multicultural education, and Mexican-American studies. Part II consists of the translations into Spanish of the Latin, Greek, and Arabic Chronicles, each of which provide a different perspective to the question of the Middle Eastern conflict circa 1095-1099. The Appendix includes an historical Chronology covering the periods from 610 A.D. to 11 A. D., and one of the most extensive bibliographies on the Middle Ages and Crusades. In Spanish.

Violence and Vengeance in Middle Welsh and Middle English Narrative: owein and ywain and Gawain
2009 0-7734-4658-3
This study examines the presence and extent of legal and feud elements in the Middle Welsh Owein and the Middle English Ywain and Gawain. The anonymous English author of Ywain and Gawain expresses sentiments of a feud culture, especially the sanctity of the spoken vow. The process of feud and the concern for honor, along with the sentiment of reciprocity and exchange which inform them, are so integral to the cultures which produced Owein and Ywain and Gawain that familiarity with this mentalité is essential to fully appreciate and understand the literature.

Welsh Noblewomen in the Thirteenth Century: An Historical Study of Medieval Welsh Law and Gender Roles
2009 0-7734-4672-9
This book analyzes the role of Welsh noblewomen thirteenth-century Welsh history. It discusses their absence from this history until recently and examines several outstanding Welsh noblewomen. The women studied include the mothers, wives and daughters of the native Welsh rulers of Gwynedd as well as noblewomen from northern Powys, Cydewain, and Ceredigion. This book contains twelve color photographs.

Westward Movement of Northern Insular Culture and Christianity in the Middle Ages: A Critical Review of Archaeological and Literary Sources on the Faroes, Iceland and Norse Greenland in Relation to Churches and Christianity in Norse Greenland
2016 1-4955-0428-X
This important study will help shed light on the relatively obscure developments of the spread of Christianity into the edges of the Northern world during the early Middle Ages. The author uses a wide variety of original sources including historical records, recent archaeological finds, his keen understanding of the languages and religion of the people of that time which adds to the significance of the research in this remarkable book.