Subject Area: Judaism - History & Theology

Aggadic Midrash I. Sample Reader
2012 0-7734-2548-9
This may be usable as a textbook for university level courses on rabbinic literature. Dr. Maoz’s book provides extracts from a wide variety of Midrash texts in the original Hebrew and Aramaic accompanied by an English translation. It serves as a reader for students and professors interested in developing their translation skills while learning about writings in Midrash. Most of the translations are from the Torah, but there are other sources as well. Aggadah is said to contain hidden, symbolic references, and where a literal interpretation is irrational, the translations are viewed as allegories.

An Ethnographic Study of an American Conservative Synagogue
2002 0-7734-7200-2

An Exposition of Joseph Ibn Shem Tov’s Kevod Elohim (the Glory of God), a Fifteenth-Century Philosophical Work on the Summum Bonum of Man and the True Happiness
2001 0-7734-7336-X
Written by the 15th-century Spanish-Jewish thinker, Joseph ibn Shem Tov, Kevod Elohim examines the teachings of Aristotle and his commentators and compares for the first time Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics with the Bible. Ruth Birnbaum’s study makes the contents of this work available to scholars who are not familiar or fluent with medieval Hebrew script. It will interest scholars of Jewish medievalia, Aristotelian philosophy, and biblical and rabbinic studies. It makes a significant contribution to the comprehensive study of Jewish history and philosophical thought.

Arno C. Gaebelein, 1861-1945 Irenic Fundamentalist and Scholar
1983 0-88946-652-1
A narrative biography that examines Gaebelein's important formative years, when, as an evangelist to the Jews, he developed deep concern for the Jewish people and was an early Zionist. Includes several portraits from the Gaebelein family album and three lengthy accounts of conversations with son Frank Gaebelein.

Author of the Apocalypse: A Review of the Prevailing Hypothesis of Jewish-Christian Authorship
1997 0-7734-2423-7
The view that John the Seer, if he was not the Apostle, was a Christian whose ethnic background was Jewish and probably Palestinian, has to date gone virtually unchallenged. R. H. Charles's old but still popular commentary has provided strong support for this position. This text is critical of Charles's assumptions, which pre-date modern concerns for the effect of social context on linguistic performance. This study examines John's work in the light of current research, and also considers the two chief supporting arguments in favour of John's Jewish background.

Babylonian Jewish Neighborhood and Home Design
1999 0-7734-7898-1
This book focuses on two interrelated subjects. One is the evolution of the Jewish community in central and southern Iraq and its impact upon the neighborhood structure and the design of the “Baghdad house.” The other is the innovative, non-energy-consuming cooling system which evolved in response to the arid climate. This study will appeal to historians, sociologists, students of Judaica, and anthropologists because it pictures a community that has now vanished. It will also be a valuable resource for architects and urban designers who are actively seeking solutions to the twin problems of conserving energy and providing comfortable dwellings in hot, dry climates.

Battered Jewish Wives Case Studies in the Response to Rage
1987 0-88946-119-8
A study by the founder and director of Shiloh, a hotline and shelter for battered Jewish wives.

Bible in the Light of Cuneiform Literature Scripture in Context III
1990 0-88946-219-4
Interdisciplinary studies dealing with various aspects of the Hebrew Bible in relation to their literary, cultural, and historical contexts, especially the context of ancient Mesopotamia.

Binding [Aqedah] and its Transformations in Judaism and Islam. The Lambs of God
1995 0-7734-2389-3
Little serious research has been undertaken to examine the story of the binding as it appears in Jewish and Islamic traditions, to see whether the parallel components could be found in the binding of Isaac vis a vis the binding of Ishmael. This volume presents a comprehensive examination of the two traditions and analyzes the process of how the colorful tapestry of oral tradition transformed into more rigid religious doctrine, showing the interactions and transformations of the tale as it grows within the constraints, and across the bounds, of these differing traditions. This research will be useful to all students of the Bible, encouraging them to view the Aqedah through the fascinating and fluid aesthetic of the oral tradition in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

Bioethical and Ethical Issues Surrounding the Trials and Code of Nuremberg
2003 0-7734-6608-8
Interdisciplinary essays on the ethical issues which encompassed the trials and Code of Nuremberg have been collated from researchers from various countries in fields as diverse as medicine, bioethics, psychoanalysis, history, philosophy, Jewish thought, law, and ethics. The book focuses on five main areas: the juridical originality of the Nuremberg trials; the scientific, epistemological, and psychoanalytic backgrounds of racism and anti-Semitism; the biomedical and bioethical issues of the Nuremberg Code; a post-Nuremberg historical, ethical, and philosophical study of the notion of a ‘crime against humanity’; and the Jewish perspective on purity, impurity, race, and the universal ethical expectations of mankind. The goal of the interdisciplinary study is to outline the necessary components of a bridge between science ethics, and ethics and law.

Birth Annunciations in the Hebrew Bible and Ancient Near East. A Literary Analysis of the Forms and Functions of the Heavenly Foretelling
2012 0-7734-2631-0
Ashmon puts forth a structural analysis of birth annunciations in the Hebrew Bible, and Ancient Near Eastern texts. By studying the topic in this way, the author shows a shared culture between Egyptian Hittite, Sumerian, Ugarit cultures and Biblical narratives. It explores an aspect of the Bible that has yet to be the subject of an extensive study. There have been numerous accounts of the birth annunciations of Jesus in the New Testament, but this is the first book to do a scholarly examination of the way prophecies about the birth of special children occur prior to Christ.

Charismatic Spirituality of Abraham Joshua Heschel
2011 0-7734-2531-4
This is a reflection on the teachings of Abraham Joshua Heschel, a teacher to an entire generation of rabbis. Breslauer looks at Heschel as an “ethical scholar,” a teacher of both Jewish and non-Jewish traditions, and a Jewish Kabbalah mystic. The book addresses Heschel’s concern that a spiritual crisis existed for all religions. In particular, Breslauer’s examination of Heschel’s development of the “depth-theology” concept to address the spiritual crisis is the central focus of this book. Breslauer draws attention to Hesechel’s use of Jewish tradition and his understanding of God, not as a physical being, but rather as a form of human emotions, to inspire a type of charismatic spirituality which all people can share as an answer to the divine pathos. By looking at the teachings of Heschel, Breslauer offers to the reader a sense of social and personal responsibility to guide them while they have their brief moment on earth.

Citations and Allusions to Jewish Scripture in Early Christian and Jewish Writings Through 180 C. E.
1992 0-7734-9430-8
This comprehensive research tool provides a time-saving, complete access to multiple examples of exegesis of Old Testament texts which were of greatest interest to New Testament authors. Jewish pseudepigrapha, Jewish hellenistic writings, the Dead Sea Scrolls, Philo, Josephus, Apostolic Fathers, Justin Martyr, and many other early Christian writers are included. This index collects side by side those instances in which Old Testament citations and allusions occurring in the New Testament are also quoted or alluded to in other Jewish and Christian literature up to 180 C.E.. An invaluable aid to scholars interested in the origins of Christianity, comparative religion, the history of exegesis, and the history of textual transmission.

Critical Appraisal of the Origin and Nature of the Institution of the Monarchy in Israel in the Light of Eric Voegelin’s Theory of Symbolic Forms
2003 0-7734-6682-7
This interdisciplinary study uses Voegelin’s ‘Theory of Symbolic Forms’ as a framework from which to study the development of the monarchy in Israel in its move from compactness to differentiation. The study offers an explanation of the contradictions that the ambivalence of the monarchy presents. Old Testament scholars to date have ignored or not given due attention to Voegelin’s Theory of Symbolic Forms. That is unfortunate, because by going beyond the philological preoccupations of Scripture scholars, Voegelin goes right to the heart of the ‘meaning’ of the texts. Voegelin connects the Old Testament symbolism to human experience and shows that it is still relevant to the contemporary world. This study is in keeping with the recent contemporary shift from historical criticism to narrative criticism in Biblical studies and its application to the biblical domain provides a new method and approach that should be of benefit not only to philosophers and biblical exegetes, but also to theologians, historians, political scientists and scholars of ancient civilizations.

Critical Bibliography of Writings on Judaism Part One
1989 0-88946-254-2
Modern Jewish studies is a vast discipline with many inter-related discursive fields. Griffith's magisterial Critical Bibliography of Writings on Judaism creates a framework of relevance that can help students and scholars recognize major problems and disputations and gain appreciation for current advances in methodology and knowledge. It functions as a conceptual map that identifies areas thoroughly and highlights controversial issues that invite further research. The majority of the entries are in English, but works in Modern Hebrew, Yiddish, French, and German are included as necessary, and also as guides for advanced study. Until the advent of this work there was no comprehensive critical Judaica bibliography of use to both generalized and specialized interests. "This work answers that need." - Shofar

Critical Bibliography of Writings on Judaism Vol. 2
1989 0-88946-257-7
Modern Jewish studies is a vast discipline with many inter-related discursive fields. Griffith's magisterial Critical Bibliography of Writings on Judaism creates a framework of relevance that can help students and scholars recognize major problems and disputations and gain appreciation for current advances in methodology and knowledge. It functions as a conceptual map that identifies areas thoroughly and highlights controversial issues that invite further research. The majority of the entries are in English, but works in Modern Hebrew, Yiddish, French, and German are included as necessary, and also as guides for advanced study. Until the advent of this work there was no comprehensive critical Judaica bibliography of use to both generalized and specialized interests. "This work answers that need." - Shofar

Development of the Office of Hazzan Through the Talmudic Period
1992 0-7734-9823-0
The specific purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship between the hazzan and the shaliah tzibbut, the two major functionaries. It also examines the etymology of the term hazzan, the function of both the Temple hazzan and the synagogue hazzan during the Tannaitic and Amoraic periods, and the underpinnings of the needs that led to the eventuation of a shaliah tzibbur and the nature of his ministrations. The Talmudic sources point out their separateness. In the post-Talmudic period, the functions have already merged. The analysis treats the reasons for, and the period of time of, the merging and the communal status of either or both.

Divine Intervention and Miracles in Jewish Theology
1996 0-7734-9093-0
This volume, the third in the series Studies in Jewish Theology, begins with an overview of the topic of divine intervention and miracles by Leo Trepp and Eliezer Schweid, and continues with a discussion of the liturgical dimensions of miraculous events, the philosophical concept of miracles, the interrelation between time and creation, divine intervention and religious sensibility, and miracles understood within an Hasidic framework.

Divisions Between Traditionalism and Liberalism in the American Jewish Community Cleft or Chasm
1992 0-7734-9442-1
Four essays that deal with the theme of the apparent rise in tension, in the last decade, within the American Jewish community. Includes: Alan Zuckerman's "The Structural Sources of Cohesion and Division in the American Jewish Community"; Mark Washofsky's "The Proposal for a National Beit Din: Is it Good for the Jews?"; Blu Greenberg's "The Feminist Revolution in Orthodox Judaism in America"; and Mark Shechner's "Literature in Search of a Center."

Eve in Three Traditions and Literatures - Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
2004 0-7734-6490-5
This book revives the tradition of Eve in three traditions and literatures. The discussion of Islamic material is particularly valuable, since it examines the exchanges of ideas between early Islam and Judaism. It displays an amazing ability to uncover irony and sarcasm in ancient writings that have a profound implication for understanding ancient religion, and also examines contemporary references to Eve.

Evolving God in Jewish Process Theology
1997 0-7734-8648-8
This book is the first systematic examination of process themes in contemporary Jewish theology. After an overview of process theology, it traces process motifs in the writings of contemporary Jewish thinkers. Process theology as a kind of post-modernism is then explored. In conclusion it discusses the parallel concerns and inevitable tensions between Whiteheadian-Hartshornian process theology and contemporary Jewish theologies, and how the foundations for Jewish process theology require supplementation by process thinkers in the broader tradition, such as Alexander and Bergson.

Grace of God in Jewish Tradition
1993 0-7734-1932-2

Hasmonean Revolt Rebellion or Revolution
1990 0-88946-258-5
Presents a synthesis of theories from numerous disciplines _ history, economics, sociology, and religion _ regarding the Hasmonean Revolt, the liberation movement that allowed for the rebirth of a Jewish state in Judea after four centuries of foreign domination. Postulates that the seeds of revolution appear to have been planted as a result of factors that began to develop as early as the first half of the third and second centuries B.C. Appendices include the Zenon Papyri, maps, and dynastic lists.

Hebrew Poetry of Hayyim Nahman Bialik (1873-1934) and a Modern Jewish Theology
1991 0-7734-9627-0
A study of the writings of Hayyim Nahman Bialik, whose poetic creativity, linguistic sensitivity, and skills as a compiler of tradition and translator into Hebrew fashioned the pillars of the Hebrew revival. His writings provide the key to modern Jewish thinking. This work focuses on Bialik as a thinker who adumbrates the images and responses typical of many modern Jews.

Hermeneutics of Medieval Jewish Thought
2007 0-7734-5288-5
This study examines the linguistic codes in Rashi’s commentaries on the Pentateuch and Talmud, and Nachmanide’s commentary on the Torah to elucidate their goals and concepts. Through analysis of the writing characteristics and methodological foundations of both commentators, it is possible to discern their distinct approaches and attitudes toward a multiplicity of categories.

Heterodoxy Within Second-Temple Judaism and Sectarian Diversity Within the Early Church: A Correlative Study
2008 0-7734-4938-8
This work overturns previously accepted theories about the rise of the first- century Church by arguing that it maintained a religious culture of diversity because of its roots in Judaism.

Hidden Doctrine of Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed. Philosophical and Religious God-Language in Tension
1988 0-88946-253-4
Reveals the "hidden doctrine" of Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed by viewing it as a parable and exploring the means by which Maimonides both concealed and revealed his meaning.

History of a Jewish Burial Society an Examination of Secularization
1991 0-7734-9950-4
This work has two subjects: a monograph dealing with one of the most ancient Jewish acts, acquiring a cemetery plot; and one of the oldest elements in the American Jewish communal structure, the burial society. It is a critique of secularization theory. Provides information on the history, role in the contemporary world, and function in a highly secular society of the Jewish burial society.

Holy Scriptures as Justifications for War
2007 0-7734-5217-6
This study explores in literalism and inerrancy as the interpretive basis of some Jewish, Christian and Muslim justifications of acts of violence. In the end, an argument is made, on historical, scriptural, moral and theological grounds, rejecting Holy War as a perversion of God’s creation.

Holy War
2007 0-7734-5548-5
Though the wise know that history will inevitably repeat itself, mankind keeps on making the same mistakes. It is never an easy task to write about war and religion, and Dr. Jacques G. Ruelland has managed to do so clearly and without prejudice. Through his exposé of the holy wars, this philosopher-historian traces a not-so-holy picture of civilization by analyzing the semantics of “sacredness” inherent to monotheistic religions. With the compassionate eye of the humanist, he helps us understand the origins of the justifications of wars waged in the name of the Almighty. Will we ever learn to eradicate this ancient practice? Not really, the historian believes, unless humanity can succeed in redefining the very notion of peace by assigning a new mission to science which would, ultimately, be dedicated to its real and ever-lasting pursuit.

How Jonah is Interpreted in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
2011 0-7734-3931-6
This collection of essays is the first to examine the role of Jonah within the broader context of Nevi’im as interpreted by scholars of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The book provides multiple interpretations from a variety angles on the parable of Jonah. Such analyses include examining the tale from the perspectives of sin, drama, animal rights, education, and visual representations. At the same time, the book engages other biblical and prophetic texts. Despite the sheer depth and breadth of the subject, the book remains accessible to academics and non-academics alike.

Image of the Non- Jew in Judaism an Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws
1984 0-88946-759-5
The first full-length monograph which deals with this subject, this book serves two primary purposes: to trace the development of the concept of gentile normativeness in the history of Jewish law and theology, and to show how this concept had tremendous internal influence on the development of that law and that theology themselves.

Introduction to Intertextuality
1995 0-7734-2387-7
This book contains a few examples of the way midrash is discovered and recognized in the Hebrew Scripture and in the New Testament. The examples given illustrate the significance of insights gained from this kind of study and the philosophy that prompted ancient prophets, Psalmists, wisdom writers, and authors of New Testament gospels, letters, essays, and sermons to compose literature in the way they did.

Is St. Paul a Jewish Deviant or a Reformer of Judaism? The Clash of Jewish Identity and Christian Identity in Asia Minor
2009 0-7734-4743-1
Examines the first-century dynamics associated with the proclamation of the Gospel of Jesus Christ and in doing so addresses some important implications for modern missions. Paul’s missiology was intricately tied to his Christology, soteriology, and ecclesiology. He believed that the fullness of Judaism was to incorporate the Gentiles into the people of God through faith in Christ instead of through works of the Law. However, in advocating such a theology and practice Paul posed a great threat to maintaining Jewish identity and the survival of Jewish communities in the Diaspora.

Jewish and Russian Revolutionaries Exiled to Siberia (1901-1917)
1991 0-7734-9762-5
This scholarly yet highly readable work offers two unique autobiographical perspectives on the early days of the Russian revolution, heretofore unavailable to the English-speaking world. The first perspective, an individual Jewish revolutionary from Byelorussia politically exiled to Siberia, is Desind's contemporary translation from the Yiddish of a prize-winning autobiography by Israel Pressman written in the 1940's, recalling the first decade of this century. The second perspective is that of the Izmailovich sisters, daughters of a high ranking military family. Their story represents not only a divergent approach to the revolution, but also the significant role played by women in fighting Russian autocracy. The material is based on Russian documents and supplemented by several English sources. The two individual accounts are explicated and impressively enriched by pertinent notes and essays which provide the historical and sociological framework for the lives portrayed in the two dramas. Includes rare photographs.

Jewish People in Christian Preaching
1984 0-88946-702-1
Essays prepared for a symposium entitled "New Horizons of Old Dilemmas?: Judaism in Christian Theology and Preaching."

Jewish Petitionary Prayer a Theological Exploration
1989 0-88946-781-1
A study of what may be, from the theological point of view, the most interesting and perplexing type of prayer.

Jewish Philosophical Response to the New Atheists - Dawkins, Dennett, Harris, and Hitchens
2014 0-7734-0064-8
A profound, valuable, scholarly study of theology from a cogent well- written Jewish perspective, exposing the arrogant disregard the “New Atheists” bring to the God-controversy by their collective neglect of the great variety of God- concepts embodied in the works of Jewish theologians.

Jewish-Christian Relations in Eigthteenth-Century Germany
2006 0-7734-5912-X
For centuries, the Jewish population of Europe has been subjected to dehumanization. Studies of European history, culture, and religion often assume that anti-Semitism is a specifically Christian phenomenon. This study sketches the historical background of anti-Semitism and extensively examines publications of the Institutum Judaicum in Halle as well as other pertinent archival materials, endeavoring to delineate some of the key people – particularly Johann Heinrich Callenberg – and how they contributed to rehumanizing the Jews.

Jews, Christians and Religious Pluralism
1999 0-7734-7920-1
This volume provides a survey of writers in the Jewish and Christian traditions, from biblical times to the present, who have sought to understand the relationship between their own faith and that of others. Throughout, readers are encouraged to engage in this debate by reflecting on the diverse views of nearly a hundred ancient, medieval and modern thinkers.

Legend of Elijah in Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Literature. A Study in Comparative Religion
2009 0-7734-4726-1
This work examines interpretations of Elijah in as an immortal being teaching the Law to the chosen ones.

Lily Montagu and the Advancement of Liberal Judaism From Vision to Vocation
1983 0-88946-537-1
The first critical study of the founder of the movement of Liberal Judaism in Great Britain and of the World Union for Progressive Judaism.

Lily Montagu Sermons, Addresses, Letters, and Prayers
1985 0-88946-534-7
Provides hitherto-unpublished source material stemming from Lily Montagu's work: as lay minister of the West Central Jewish Congregation in London; on the founding of the Jewish Religious Union and the World Union for Progressive Judaism; and with the West Central Jewish Girls' Club.

Meir Kahane Ideologue, Hero, Thinker
1986 0-88946-252-6
Presents the development and increasing political influence of the ideas of Meir Kahane, the most right-wing force in Jewish and Israeli society today. Deals with Kahane's ideas on: the expulsion of Arabs from Israel; liberal forms of Judaism; conversion; intermarriage; Jewish education; and the employment of violence as a legitimate act. Beginning with Kahane's founding of the Jewish Defense League, the volume concludes with his election to the Israeli Parliament and his activities therein.

Memoirs of a Chessnut
1997 0-7734-8777-8
Victor Keats, M. Phil. is a bibliophile of Hebrew and other antiquarian chess books, and curator of one of the world's foremost chess collections. He is an itinerant university lecturer on the subject of Hebrew literature and the history of chess. He is Research Fellow at the Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies at University College, London, and also a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. He has authored several scholarly works on chess: a three volume set - Chess, Jews and History (vol. I), Chess: Its Origin (vol. II), Chess Among the Jews (vol. III) ; Chess in Jewish History and Hebrew Literature; Chessmen for Collectors; and The Illustrated Guide to World Chess Sets. This is his story, an autobiography devoted to his chess-collecting years: how he caught 'the bug', descriptions of his collections, travels, writings, auctions, scholarship. It is illustrated with chess cartoons by artist John Mellor.

Messianic Judaism Its History, Theology, and Polity
1983 0-88946-802-8

Models and Meanings in the History of Jewish Leadership
2004 0-7734-6448-4
This work offers a critical and incisive look into Jewish communal leadership from the biblical period to the present. It provides the reader – both scholar and practitioner – with a probing analysis of a previously unexplored area of study. Lewis provides a thoughtful assessment of Jewish leadership paradigms as they have emerged across a variety of historically and geographically diverse settings. He identifies and analyzes the dominant themes and trends associated with models of Jewish communal leadership, highlighting continuities and discontinuities in their development and evolution.

The work provides a unique context in which to understand and evaluate the current realities of leadership in today’s Jewish communities. Lewis offers a penetrating perspective on the impact which modernity’s radical changes have had upon communal leaders, from rabbis to philanthropists. Further, he proposes a model for twenty-first century communal leaders which seeks to provide a prescription for communal vitality by recapturing the authenticity of the past.

A seasoned communal leader himself, Lewis combines impeccable scholarship with an insider’s understanding. The result is an unusually insightful look into the intricacies of leadership in the Jewish community.

This impressive work has been identified and recognized as a resource material pertinent to the field of Jewish communal service by Shared Learning, a quarterly publication of the School of Jewish Communal Service, Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, Los Angeles campus. In fact, Dr. Lewis' book is the very first one to be selected by Shared Learning for their recommended list of resource materials on Jewish leadership.

Mordecai M. Kaplan and the Development of Reconstructionism
1983 0-88946-651-3
Deals with the unpublished papers and the ignored early period of Kaplan's life, before he published Judaism as a Civilization (1934) at the age of 53.

New Jewish Ethics
1983 0-88946-700-5
In response to what he views as the most pressing problem for the modern Jew, the conflict between modernity and tradition, Breslauer proposes a model for ethical reflection which espouses neither uncritical acceptance nor individualistic retreat into personal preference.

Parables and Fables as Distinctive Jewish Literary Genres
2012 0-7734-2598-5
A book that concerns itself with the historical development of the fable or parable as a way of communicating knowledge and truth, in both Judaism and Christianity.

Philo-Semitic and Anti-Jewish Attitudes in Post-Holocaust Poland
1992 0-7734-9176-7
This study examines the roots and the mechanism of the political role of anti-Zionism and philo-Semitism in past and present Polish life, analyzes the history of JewishPolish coexistence, and discusses the Jewish contribution to Polish letters, arts and economy. It examines the Polish struggle for independence and advances original conclusions on the metamorphosis of the Judeophobia of our times in the West, East, and Third World. Uses syntheses based on new material, as well as a thoughtful reworking of older documents, examining the interdependence of past and new literary and scientific sources.

Popular Jewish Literature and Its Role in the Making of an Identity
2001 0-7734-7666-0

Problems in Contemporary Jewish Theology
1992 0-7734-9645-9
This is a pioneering exploration of the nature of Jewish theology in the modern world. Containing contributions by some of the most distinguished Jewish theologians today, this volume examines a wide range of issues confronting Jewish theology, and charts a path for future investigation.

Rabbinic Perspectives on the New Testament
1991 0-88946-689-0
Disposes of the incorrect view expressed by many Jewish apologists that there is no explicit Jewish doctrine of the afterlife; that Judaism is concerned with earthly existence only; and "warns us against useless speculation about the details of the afterlife." Explicates an elaborate doctrine of eternal punishment which is explicitly formulated and recorded in the Talmud and various Midrashim.

Rabbinic Views of Qohelet
1999 0-7734-7971-6

Reincarnation in Jewish Mysticism and Gnosticism
2003 0-7734-6736-X
This study demonstrates that the rabbinic belief-system regarding the afterlife and the human soul was the paramount influence on the development of the doctrine of reincarnation that was crystallized in the Sefer ha-Bahir (The Book of Clarity/Illumination) a 12th-century work written in Hebrew and Aramaic. Prior research has noted the great impact Gnosticism had on early Jewish mysticism in general and the Sefer ha-Bahir in particular. The analysis of the talmudic and midrashic sources presents a broad spectrum of ideas concerning the eternity and immortality of the soul, the nature and characteristics of the soul and the notions of the resurrection of the dead and reincarnation. These ideas, brought together in the study as a systematic theology, reveal a fairly developed tradition that was probably known to the author or editor of the Sefer ha-Bahir.

Religion and Healing Among the Lubavitch Community in Stamford Hill, North London: A Case Study of Hasidism
2004 0-7734-6371-2
This book focuses on two main areas – first, the response of British Lubavitchers to misfortune generally and sickness, in particular and the role of their religious leader the Rebbe in this process; and second, their response to the illness and ultimate death of the Rebbe. It addresses a number of issues in contemporary social and medical anthropology: the social construction of the body, the power of words in ritual, the relation between myth and praxis, religious texts as a charter for healing and the relation between the use of biomedicine and symbolic healing. This book will be of interest to students of social anthropology, medical anthropology, medical sociology, millennialism, religious studies and students of contemporary Judaism.

Repentance in Jewish Ethics, Philosophy and Mysticism
1995 0-7734-9407-3
This volume is a scholarly treatment which examines the ideological, mystical, and philosophical components of Repentance in Judaism. Each of the eleven chapters focuses on a different major approach to the central problem of repentance, representing the most significant and representative encounters to be found in Jewish thought during the past millennium. Topics include 10th century writer Rav Saadia Gaon; Bachya Ibn Paquda; Maimonides' Hilkhot Teshuvah; Sefer Hasidim and Sefer Ha-Roke'ah; Rabbi Jonah of Gerona; Sefer Ha-Yashar; the 13th century magnum opus of Kabbalah, The Zohar; the Lurianic movement; Maharal of Prague; 18th and 19th century Hasidim; and Rab Avraham Yitzhak Ha-Cohen Kook. This study is in Hebrew throughout.

Salman Rushdie Controversy
1990 0-88946-719-6

Saul Lieberman (1898-1983), Talmudic Scholar and Classicist
2002 0-7734-7243-6
Long acknowledged as one of the preeminent scholars of his generation, this book gives a sense of the multi-faceted nature of Lieberman’s greatness: his method of establishing the correct reading of given rabbinic text; his mastery of Greek and Latin in their historical and cultural contexts; the incredible literary sophistication that Lieberman utilized in approaching ancient texts; his salient contribution to medieval history and literature; his guidance in biblical exegesis. The work contains a moving Introduction by Elie Wiesel. The bibliography is particularly noteworthy.

Social and Ethnic Dimensions of Matthean Salvation History
1989 0-88946-614-9
Seeks to redress the methodologically questionable and often implicitly anti-Jewish technique of negatively valuing the exclusivity logion and then assigning it to narrow "Jewish-Christian" sources incompatible with Matthew's own outlook.

Social History of Palestine in the Herodian Period- the Land is Mine
1991 0-88946-272-0
A study of land ownership in first-century Palestine with emphasis on the Little Tradition vis-à-vis the Great Tradition. Under the former, land was viewed in a somewhat traditional and egalitarian sense as a gift of God; in the latter, land was seen in an entrepreneurial, capitalistic light. The concepts of the Great Tradition led the Ptolemies, Seleucids, Herods, and Romans to form large estates. This movement cost many peasants their patrimonial farm plots, reducing them to day laborers and tenants and causing deterioration of the extended family. Shows that Palestine in the Herodian period was a typically agrarian ancient society with a very small group of wealthy and powerful aristocrats and rural masses that barely achieved subsistence.

Studies in the Biblical Sea- Storm Type-Scene Convention and Invention
1992 0-7734-9939-3
Examines the use of the ancient compositional device known as the type-scene, in particular the sea-storm type-scene as used by the Hebrew and Christian biblical writers. Explores the theme of the sea in ancient and classical Mediterranean literature including epic, romance, drama, travelogue, and poetry as the literary tradition from which the biblical use of the sea-storm type-scene emerged.

Stylometric Authorship Studies in Flavius Josephus and Related Literature
1992 0-7734-9518-5
The major contribution of this study to scholarship is its demonstration of the unlikelihood that Josephus wrote 4 Maccabees or De Universo, and it also reveals the basic stylistic uniformity of Josephus' works. While various historical and literary concerns are evaluated, the central scholarly tool employed in this study is stylometry, a statistical method for quantifying stylistic features of a literary composition. An important finding is that if Josephus did use certain sources for portions of his works, he has changed them so much stylistically that it is impossible to discern them. Finally, the book establishes a simple, yet powerful, stylometric method which may be used for many other studies of disputed authorship.

Success and Failure of the Anglo- American Committee of Inquiry, 1945-1946 Last Chance in Palestine
1987 0-88946-255-0
Provides an almost minute-by-minute examination and assessment of the Anglo-American Committee and its recommendations on the postwar status of European Jews.

Tabernacle of Exodus as a Work of Art: An Aesthetic of Monotheism
2009 0-7734-3782-7
This book is the first work that establishes the ancient Israelite Tabernacle as a seminal work of art. It brings together the seemingly divergent worlds of biblical symbolism and art history. While all acknowledge that Western art was often inspired by biblical story and poetry, the modern study of art presupposes that Western religious art originates only from Greco-Roman civilizations. This book contains four color photographs.

1997 0-7734-8690-9
The problem of the suffering of righteous has engaged biblical writers, the rabbis, medieval philosophers and kabbalists, and modern Jewish thinkers. This collection of essays explores the nature of this fundamental issue from biblical times to the present day. Throughout, the contributors seek to untangle the various threads of this perplexity and relate their findings to the solution of this seemingly intractable theological dilemma.

Theory and Practice of Welcoming Converts to Judaism Jewish Universalism
1992 0-7734-9493-6
This is a new theological interpretation of Judaism focusing on the Jewish covenantal obligation to offer Judaism and welcome converts. The term "Jewish universalism" is applied to the theory because the central idea of the interpretation is that Judaism is a universal religion. This is supported by an analysis of the basic theological concepts of Judaism (God, the natural world, humanity, chosenness, revelation, covenant, mission, the nation of Israel, and redemption). These concepts are understood to emphasize the Jewish mandate to offer Judaism without requiring it. It includes other arguments for welcoming converts besides Jewish universalism and how these arguments are related. This book is an original synthesis of current scholarship, and the first that provides a detailed, systematic theological interpretation of covenantal obligation.

Tithe as Gift Institution in the Pentateuch and in Light of Mauss's Prestation Theory
1992 0-7734-9959-8
Studies the biblical tithe from anthropological and theological perspectives. Explores biblical tithe as gift rather than tax, the common interpretation of the tithe to date.

Torah and Revelation
1992 0-7734-9165-1
In this book, distinguished Jewish scholars from throughout the world explore the concept of Torah and Revelation. This seminal work draws on biblical and rabbinic sources and charts a path for future exploration. Essays include: What is Jewish Theology? (Arthur Green); Revelation and Torah - A Phenomenological Approach (William E. Kaufman); Can there be a Written Torah? (Alan Unterman); Postcritical Scriptural Interpretation in Judaism (Peter Ochs); Revelation as Interpretation - Taming the Muse (Aharon M. Singer); Re-Presenting the Torah - Sifra's Rehabilitation of Taxonomic Logic and the Judaic Concept of How Through the Torah We Enter the Mind of God (Jacob Neusner); Revelation and Messianism - A Maimonidean Study (Menachem Kellner); Protology and Eschatology in the Jewish-Christian Dialogue (Peter S. Zaas); Le Dieu des personnes et la forme du corps humain (Henri Atlan); Torah and Law (Emanuel Rackman); Sinai, Law and Responsible Autonomy - Progressive Judaism and the Halakhic Tradition (Tony Bayfield).

Toward a Jewish America
1987 0-88946-712-9
Proposes that Judaism is the most appropriate religion for contemporary Americans and promotes their mass conversion to it.

Toward a Jewish Theology Methods, Problems, and Possibilities
1992 0-7734-9635-1
After establishing a vision of and a methodology for "doing" Jewish theology, that vision and methodology are applied to a number of issues of major theological concern. These include: love and law, awe of God, the problem of evil, Holocaust theology, theologies of the human body, theological ethics, and eschatology. Utilizing a remarkable range of classical sources from Hebrew Scriptures to Hasidim, Talmud to Jewish philosophy, medieval Jewish mysticism to contemporary political theology, this volume demonstrates how theology is an artform informed by erudite scholarship and honed by analytic skill. Provides new light on old texts, and applies those texts to the most current theological problems.

Travel Narratives in Rabbinic Literature: Voyages to Imaginary Realms
2010 0-7734-3793-2
As a literary genre travelers' stories have grown out of oral traditions. These traditions flourished along the trade routes of the ancient world. Indeed the roads around the Mediterranean basin were busy with traffic during the Roman and Byzantine periods.

This anthology of twenty-one travelers' tales examines the Talmudic tales as an inter-cultural phenomenon.

Two Thousand Year History of the Influence of Song of Songs on Religion, Literature, Music, and Art
2011 0-7734-3810-6
This work presents the wide range of influence of the ‘Song of Songs’ on world culture. It demonstrates the long history of confrontation of the immense number of allegorical interpretations with secular (literal) commentaries. This book contains twenty-four black and white photographs and twelve color photographs.

Tyranny of Hate: The Roots of Antisemitism a Translation Into English of Memsheleth Sadon
1992 0-7734-9562-2
This book deals with the subject of Hatred as examined in the Constantin Brunner's philosophical opus The Doctrine of the Spiritual Elite and the Multitude. The book avoids the idealistic reproaches of breach of morality, goodness and similar toothless phraseology. In the larger, practical part of the book, the author meets head on the open and veiled prejudices perpetrated by the Germans against the Jews. However, the main theme is human hatred, though it is studied here on the historical example of pandemic anti-Semitism. The author's scientific radicalism is controversial, and should interest scholars of human rights, progressive religious groups, Jewish institutions, university libraries, and the general reader as well as psychologists and sociologists.

Understanding Jewish Ethics. Major Themes and Thinkers, Volume II
1993 0-7734-1972-1
This companion volume continues the work and thesis of Volume I. It contains a full investigation of the revolutionary theories and methodologies of Volume I and identifies major themes and thinkers not covered in the first book. Major themes such as Theodicy, Human Justice and Rights, Altruism, Mysticism and Jewish Ethics, Jewish Ethics and Zionism, and the whole question of Jewish modernism and ethics are examined. In addition, it considers some major thinkers who dramatically affected our understanding of Jewish ethics, from classical philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Maimonides, and Gersonides to moderns like Baruch Spinoza, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Moses Mendolssohn, Hermann Cohen, Ahad Ha'am, Jacob Klatzkin, Abraham Isaac Kook, Isaiah Leibowitz, Martin Buber, Franz Rosenzweig, Gershom Scholem, Max Kadushin, Eugene Borowitz, Seymour Siegel, Alasdair Macintyre, Louis Henkin, Hannah Arendt, and Leo Strauss among many others.

Understanding Jewish Ethics. Volume 1
1991 0-7734-9894-X
Investigates ethical perspectives and themes in Judaism from the biblical through the modern period. Compares and contrasts the Jewish ethical tradition in Greco-Roman, Christian and Moslem ethics. Topics include: suicide, self-sacrifice, euthanasia, lying and deception, political ethics, the ethics of war and peace, women and ethics, sexual ethics, death and dying, AIDS, and bio-medical ethics.

Understanding Local Autonomy in Judaea Between 6 and 66 Ce
2006 0-7734-5828-X
This book describes, analyzes and interprets the extent of local Jewish autonomy in Judaea during the period 6 to 66 CE. It is the book’s purpose to illustrate and clarify whether the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem in this period had the authority to pass sentence in capital cases and to execute such sentences. The background and context of this investigation is the trial of Jesus, but the issue at stake is of general historical interest as well.

What Does Revelation Mean for the Modern Jew
1985 0-88946-708-0
Through an examination of the thought of Franz Rosenzweig, Martin Buber, and Emil Fackenheim, the author shows that issues of modern Jewish belief are relevant to the vitality of the Jewish community and that the insights of modern Jewish thinkers are relevant to philosophers of religion and to religious people outside the Jewish community.

Yahweh's Activity in History and Nature in the Book of Joel
1991 0-7734-9683-1
Focuses on the methodological question: What is the relationship between history and nature in Israelite religion? Challenges the fundamental dichotomy of religion-of-history/religion-of-nature which is ubiquitous in biblical scholarship. Both human history and the history of nature constitute two aspects of the single cosmological reality. This thesis is illustrated and supported through a detailed study of the book of Joel.

Yahweh/Baal Confrontation and Other Studies in Biblical Literature and Archaeology
1995 0-7734-2426-1

Zionism at the Close of the Twentieth Century a Dilemma
1993 0-7734-9291-7
This study presents a theoretically justified paradigm comprising the conceptions of Zionism and the factors conditioning these conceptions, in order to answer the following questions of Zionism today: to what extent does Zionism reflect a widely assented ideology; can it serve as a mechanism for unifying the Israeli society; has Zionism, after the establishment of the State, lost its commonly assented goals, and if so, to what extent do the different ideological and political streams themselves incite and deepen the cleavage in Israeli society? The hypothesized paradigm was empirically tested by an interview study carried out among a cross-sectional sample of Jewish Israeli adults. The conclusions highlight the cleavage between two extremes: Universalistic and Particularistic Zionism.

Zionism Within Early American Fundamentalism, 1878-1918 a Convergence of Two Traditions
1979 0-88946-875-3
Notes that many modern authors contend that fundamentalists have been and are antisemitic, then provides evidence that this is inaccurate. Establishes that evangelical fundamentalists were among the early supporters of Zionism.