Subject Area: Philosophy: Epistemology

Certainty and Surface in Epistemology and Philosophical Method
1991 0-7734-9711-0
A collection of articles by distinguished philosophers from the US and Europe on two central topics in epistemology, certainty and surfaces. Four of the ten articles discuss Avrum Stroll's Surfaces (1988), and the collection as a whole is intended to honor Stroll's work.

Edmund Husserl’s Phenomenological Theory of Judgment. The Sole Logically Coherent Epistemology in the History of Western Philosophy
2016 1-4955-0435-2
This study of the perceptual foundation for the theory of categorial judgment of Edmund Husserl possesses two objectives. First, clarification of the confusion concerning the purpose of his last major phenomenological treatise, Experience and Judgment. Secondly, a presentation of his theory of categorial judgment.

Epistemological Argument Against Atheism. Why a Knowledge of God is Implied in Everything We Know
2012 0-7734-1566-1
With his extraordinary command over English and his ability to transmit ideas clearly, Meynell takes on the concept of atheism and what he labels as Schleiermacher’s cultured ‘despisers of religion’. He argues that the concept of God is a rational belief and that the awareness of divinity illuminates the path for science. Not only does Meynell defend the existence of God, but also Christianity itself. He describes it as a form of dispensation to meet our human condition which acts as a substitute to the atheistic materialist alternative. Meynell adds that there is much to be learned from other religions and that religion can co-exist with critical philosophy and science.

Essential Tie Between Knowing and Believing. A Causal Account of Knowledge and Epistemic Reasons
2011 0-7734-1495-9
This book offers a causal account of knowledge as a true belief caused by the state of affairs in the world. It also presents a conceptual theory of epistemic reasons. Although both foundationalism and coherentism provide some insights into what constitutes a good epistemic reason for belief, it is argued that neither view provides a satisfactory account of good epistemic reasons. This is because foundationalism results in a dogmatic viewpoint, and coherentism does not serve to tie one's beliefs to the world. Instead, it is argued that good epistemic reasons not only depend upon the context in which they are offered in defending claims to knowledge, but also upon a grounding of such reasons in something that is known. It is argued that this pragmatic, contextual account of epistemic reasons anchored in the world offers an antidote to skepticism while also preserving our pre-analytic understanding of what constitutes a good reason for belief.

Four Archetypal Orientations of the Mind: Foundational, Experiential, Organizational, and Actional
2014 0-7734-4314-2
The first application of the theory embracing an integration of the metaphysical with empirical science allowing for an examination of archetypal orientations, that provide meaningful comparisons and profiling for a range of topics and scholarly endeavors, in one book. This work examines and reflects upon the meta-theoretical and cross-disciplinary nature of this approach. It represents a follow-up on the author’s first volume “The Four Types of Knowing – Metaphysical, Scientific, Narrative and Pragmatic: A Meta-Epistemology of Mind”.

History of Philosophy. From Decartes to Hegel by Arthur Ritchie Lord
2006 0-7734-5589-2
These volumes collect and introduce the major writings of the British/South African philosopher Arthur Ritchie Lord (1880-1941). Regarded as one of the finest minds in South African philosophy in the early twentieth century, Lord nevertheless published little during his lifetime part from his The Principles of Politics (1921) and a few short essays. The editors of these volumes bring together not only Lord’s published work, but almost all of his previously-unpublished lectures and essays.

This work provides a survey of philosophy from Descartes to Hegel, found in unpublished manuscripts of the British/South African philosopher Arthur Ritchie Lord.

How Do We Deal with Conflicts Between Different World Views, if they are Based on the Same Evidence? The Philosophical Problem of Underdetermination in the Thought of W.V. Quine and Donald Davidson
2010 0-7734-1353-7
This book examines both Quine’s and Davidson’s views on underdetermination and language and argues underdetermination provides an epistemological basis for pluralism by justifying alternative world views or conceptual schemes in science.

Interpretation and Assessment of First Person Authority in the writings of philosopher Donald Davidson
2003 0-7734-6545-6
First-person authority is the thesis that subjects have a privileged non-evidence-based form of epistemic warrant for self-ascriptions of psychological concepts that does not attach to third-person evidence-based ascriptions of the same concepts. Davidson thinks the fact that we do have first-person authority over self-ascriptions of psychological concepts gives rise to two connected philosophical problems. The epistemic problem: How can non-evidence based self-ascriptions of psychological concepts be more justified than third-person ascriptions that are evidentially based? The skeptical problem: Why are we warranted in thinking that the psychological concepts we ascribe to ourselves without appeal to evidence are the same as the corresponding psychological concepts others ascribe to us on the basis of evidence?

Irish Fiction and Postmodern Doubt. An Analysis of the Epistemological Crisis in Modern Irish Fiction
2004 0-7734-6518-9
This study situates three contemporary Irish novelists, Aidan Higgins, John Banville and Neil Jordan in the context of Modernist and Postmodernist literature. In order to map how these writers respond to the problems of epistemological doubt, their work is positioned beside that of other writers like Rushdie, Nabokov, Calvino, Garcia-Marquez and Robbe-Grillet. In addition, the opening chapter outlines a working position on the meaning and significance of Postmodernism, as it pertains to literary fiction, with particular reference to the work of Brian McHale, Ihab Hassan, Patricia Waugh, David Harvey, Richard Kearney and David Lodge. Although firmly rooted in Irish literary studies, this work represents a departure from recent critical work in Irish literature in that it seeks, responding to the specificity of the fictionalized concerns of these writers, to contextualize the fictions of Higgins, Banville and Jordan within Irish and international literary traditions, rather than in an Irish historical or political framework.

Is There a Distinctively African Way of Knowing? A Study of African Blacksmiths, Hunters, Healers, Griots, Elders, and Artists; Knowing and Theory of Knowledge in the African Experience
2015 1-4955-0277-5
This work investigates knowledge systems intrinsic to African civilizations to ascertain ways in which those systems can help validate or invalidate the argument pertaining to the existence of an African epistemology. This approach calls for a paradigm shift in conceptualizing and researching African epistemology free from Eurocentric and Afrocentric biases.

Kant and Mathematics Today. Between Epistemology and Exact Sciences
1997 0-7734-8511-2
This study will lead to a picture of Kant and his first Critique quite different from most if not all earlier versions. It examines the first Critique as a whole, without becoming stuck in a quagmire of microscopic topics, and limits the study strictly relative to mathematics. The greatest emphasis is on the relevance and compatibility between Kant's epistemology and mathematics proper in the mainstream, yesterday, today, and tomorrow. This study draws the boldest line of demarcation between mathematics and meta-mathematics.

Major Metaphors of European Thought - Growth, Game, Language, Drama, Machine, Time and Space
2002 0-7734-7232-0
This work documents the six major European metaphors that constitute Western thought, and examines the theoretical foundations of metaphors and what roles they play in epistemology, history of ideas, and sociology of culture. Will interest scholars in the fields of sociolinguistics, sociology of knowledge, post-structuralism, critical rhetoric of inquiry, and social studies of science.

Origins of Epistemology in Early Greek Thought. A Study of Psyche and Logos in Heraclitus
1994 0-7734-9122-8
This study contributes to scholarship in five ways. It provides a unified framework within which to view the development of Presocratic thought; it points out three aspects of Xenophanes' skepticism, and shows that (and how) Heraclitus responded to each; it summarizes key issues concerning psyche and logos, and attempts to settle certain long-standing debates concerning them; it argues that Heraclitus' concepts of psyche and logos resulted from his need to construct an epistemological theory in order to counter Xenophanean skepticism; and it make use of various traditional Greek assumptions such as the principles of "like-to-like," the analogy of microcosm and macrocosm, and the concepts of balance and measure as exemplified in the ideal of sophrosune.

Philosophy of Time
1997 0-7734-8618-6
This is a treatment of time as it is experienced in human intuition, but also the attempt to capture time in some epistemologically significant form. Proposals to interpret time from a mathetmatical approach or from the perspective of the physical sciences are examined with reference to recent investigations by Adolf Grünbaum and W. H. Newton-Smith. In addition to a brief treatment of Kant's theory of time, main themes include: the origin of time; the nature of time; the direction of time; time and identity, time and ontology; time as principle; geometricization of time; the metric of time; and the disappearance of time.

Post Modern Epistemology Language- Truth and Body
1989 0-88946-324-7
Modern philosophy has been predicated on the assumption that knowledge is exclusively a function of the mind. Using the insights of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Michael Polanyi, and Ludwig Wittgenstein, the authors seek to trace out the implications of such a disembodied epistemology and critique the subject-object dichotomy that follows from these assumptions.

Pythagorean intertext in Ovid's Metamorphoses. A New Interpretation
1989 0-88946-398-0
The first study uncovering Pythagorean epistemology as the intertext of Ovid's masterpiece. Creates a completely new interpretation of this classic and its author.

Relationship Between Epistemology, Hermeneutics, Biblical Theology and Contextualization Understanding Truth
1999 0-7734-8217-2
This volume explores the relationship between epistemology, hermeneutics and contextualization by specialists making significant contributions to each of their fields and especially when they are taken in integration with the other disciplines. Epistemology issues are examined from the context of reformation traditions in a multicultural world, and the contribution of modern and post-modern philosophy. Epistemic issues from different eras are illustrated with literature, art and music. Biblical theology is championed as the textual arbiter between traditions. It offers a provocative integration of disciplines for scholars. Christian colleges and seminaries will find this a stimulating textbook for courses in philosophy, hermeneutics, or contextualization. Pastors and lay people will be interested in the topic for its call to truth, its answer to postmodernism, and practical aid in executing the hermeneutical process and contextualization.

Ronald Dworkin on Law as Integrity Rights as Principles of Adjudication
1996 0-7734-2268-4
This study provides a comprehensive examination of the legal theory of Ronald Dworkin, arguably the most original and provocative philosopher of law that America has produced this century. Dworkin's work represents an effort to synthesize the moral commitments of the natural law tradition with the hermeneutical character of post-modern philosophy. The result is an interpretive theory of law, focused on the essentially moral character of hard case adjudication. Judges strive to be principled and consistent in their resolution of legal disputes, thus manifesting an implicit commitment to the ideal of Integrity. This book clarifies and probes the moral, epistemological, and metaphysical commitments of Law as Integrity.

Translation From Latin Into English of Giambattista Vico’s il Diritto Universale/universal Law. Book One and Book Two
2011 0-7734-1562-9
This work, a new translation of Giambattista Vico’s preliminary version The New Science (La Scienza Nuova) gives the reader a complete picture of Vico as a forerunner of constructivist epistemology and a critic of the enlightenment, a significant humanist and culture theorist who influenced, among others, Karl Marx and James Joyce.

Translation From Latin Into English of Giambattista Vico’s Il Diritto Universale/universal Law: Together with an Introduction and Notes Book One and Book Two
2011 0-7734-1562-9
This new translation provides a complete picture of Vico as a forerunner of constructivist epistemology. In addition, it demonstrates that he was a critic of the enlightenment, a significant humanist and culture theorist who influenced Karl Marx and James Joyce.

What is Culture? Generating and Applying Cultural Knowledge
2010 0-7734-1320-0
This book presents a new theory of culture that attempts to present a unified taxonomy and lexicon of definitions of culture by various social scientists for use in the inter-disciplinary investigation of organizational culture. Both both qualitative and quantitative data is presented and analysed.