Subject Area: Comparative Literature

Alegoria E Ironia Bajo Censura En La Argentina Del Proceso (1976-1983)
2010 0-7734-1292-1
This text offers an analysis of how rhetorical strategies such as allegory, irony and symbolism, were employed by dissenting Argentine writers and singer-songwriters during the military dictatorship that seized power on March 24th 1976.

Author’s Abstract:
During the military coup in Argentina (1976 – 1983) a machinery of censorship was imposed. The state had a systematic plan of cultural repression and manipulation of public opinion. However, the dissident writers and lyricists examined in this study developed strategies of resistance that depended largely on allegory and irony. Some of the regime’s plans created the opposite result to that which was desired originally. In the musical sphere, what the authorities wanted to quash was fostered: through avoiding the diffusion of a certain type of music, what was opened up was a space that was quickly occupied by dissident music. By means of a detailed rhetorical analysis, this study is focused on the functioning of allegory, irony and symbolism under constrains of censorship.

An Across Walls Overview-Study of Novels and Short Stories by Eighteen 20th Century English and American Authors
2002 0-7734-6997-4


An Anthology of Eighteenth-Century Satire Grub Street
1995 0-7734-9026-4
After an introductory essay on the history of Grub Street, there follows works on the subject by Ned Ward, Daniel Defoe, Tom Brown, Jonathan Swift, John Arbuthnot, Alexander Pope, Richard Savage, Leonard Welsted, Colley Cibber, and several anonymous writers. The volume includes both familiar works (Swift's A Modest Proposal. . . and Pope's The Dunciad [Book II]), as well as more obscure and hard-to-find works.

An Experimental Reading of Wordsworth's Prelude
1995 0-7734-1245-X
This interdisciplinary study examines the formal experiments of Wordsworth's 1805 Prelude in light of late nineteenth- and twentieth-century theories in neuroscience. To historians of science, the study argues that the central paradigms of dual-brain theory were advanced as early as 1805 in Wordsworth's experimental verse on the growth of his own mind. For literary critics, this study suggests ways of applying theories from neuroscience to the reading of literary texts. The study seeks to articulate a shared psychology at the center of the revolutionary poetics of the Romantics, also examining Coleridge, Blake, and other British poets.

An Inquiry Into the Purposes of Speculative Fiction - Fantasy and Truth
2003 0-7734-6735-1
This study contributes to the discussion on the meaning of folktales, which are taken entirely as seriously as mainstream fiction, and are seen as a continuum with modern literary fantasy, arguing that ‘ultrafiction’ (fantasy fiction and science fiction) have a wider range than either modernism or realism. It discusses both well-known writers and those less often studied, questioning the established ‘canon.’ It seeks an overall view of fantasy and science fiction, addressing the great range of the subject, e. g. mythology and metaphysics, the supernatural, utopia/dystopia, scientific speculation, and social morality.

An Introduction to Selected Afro-Latino Writers
2002 0-7734-6972-9


Anglo-Saxon Poetry in Imitative Translation
2001 0-7734-7647-4
Anglo-Saxon poetry has increasingly become the province of a few specialists sufficiently acquainted with the Old English language, poetics, and culture to read it in the original. Except for Beowulf and standard anthologized versions of the more famous works, most Anglo-Saxon verse remains unavailable to modern English readers. This volume offers a sampling of the Anglo-Saxon shorter poems in modern recreations which remain literally accurate as well as imitative in specific prosody. With its arrangement, introductory materials, and specific selections, it also provides the reader with a sense of the Anglo-Saxon world view. In many cases it provides the only modern English translation of these works.

Aportes Recientes a La Literatura Y El Arte Espanoles: Estudios De Critica Narrativa (recent Developments in Spanish Literature and Art: Studies in Narrative Criticism)
2012 0-7734-2643-4
Examining modern interpretations of Spanish literature and art involves discussing the works from varying perspectives. The authors of these essays investigate the concept of narrative as portrayed by Spanish authors. Most of the essays discuss contemporary art, but others study art and literature from the Middle Ages up until the present day.

Approaches to the Poetics of Derek Walcott
2001 0-7734-7475-7
This work provides a fresh and illuminating approach by combining close analysis and interpretation with a perspective that is not restricted to current post-colonial or even Caribbean readings of Walcott’s work. It explores his poetry in relation to the traditional canon, his departures from the canon and its authors, his critical position in relation to it. It examines the complex relations that his poetic discourse establishes with previous poetic registers, with its own problematic nature, and the interplay of poetic meaning, landscape, and history. Includes an interview with Derek Walcott.

Artistry of Political Literature Essays on War, Commitment and Criticism
1994 0-7734-9114-7
These nineteen essays take a comparative approach, dealing with committed texts as literary works of art. Spanning three decades, they also contain theoretical reflections on the conditions of committed writing and on approaches and methods appropriate to their study by literary critics. Some are broadly theoretical, some offer surveys of larger areas, but most study a few significant texts, demonstrating ways in which literature that offers things besides aesthetic enjoyment may be fruitfully analyzed and appraised.

Austere Style in Twentieth-Century Literature
2006 0-7734-5899-9
Throughout literary history, committed writers have sought to rebuke the inauthenticity of excessively ‘full’ discourses by deploying a minimalist literary style. In their texts, these literary minimalists substitute absence for those linguistic structures that are critical to the authority and integrity of the full text. In the postmodern period specifically, writers such as Ludwig Wittgenstein, Richard Brautigan, Raymond Carver, and David Mamet have used this literary style of contextualized fearlessness as a means of criticizing and reforming philosophical, literary, social, or political practices perceived to be inauthentic by virtue of their wasteful foundationalism. Rather than merely diverting or reassuring the reader, each writer seeks to create edifying texts that not only raise doubts about essentialist platitudes but also alert the reader to the possibility of authentic self-transformation through a reckoning with contingency. In using an austere style to challenge a set of foundationalist discursive practices, Wittgenstein addresses metaphysical philosophy and its claims to logocentric Truth; Brautigan, the discourses of Beat writing and Abstract Expressionism and their claims to noncontingent selfhood; Carver, Reaganite propaganda and its claims to essentialist community; and Mamet, mass-media entertainment and its claims to cultural hegemony.

Basis of Morality and Its Relation to Dramatic Form in a Study of David Copperfield
1998 0-7734-8390-X
This work is in two parts, the first presenting a theory of the nature of morality, and the second presenting a theory about the nature of dramatic form (as the true representation of a person as a moral being). It examines the problem in relation to both empirical and abstract theories. Two empirical theories are discussed in detail: one found in Hume's Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, the other in Freud's Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis. Kant's Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals is examined as a powerful abstract theory. In the second part, a discussion of David Copperfield shows how dramatic form can reveal a person's character in the actual circumstances of his/her psychological development. The study illuminates the deep connections between moral philosophy and literature, revealing something essential about the life of a moral being.

Bibliography of the Myth of Don Juan in Literary History
1997 0-7734-8450-7
This bibliography provides a wide range of references under three principal headings: 1.) Versions; 2.) Critical Studies (books and articles); 3.) Translations. It pays particular attention to the significant authors in the field: Tirso de Molina, Sorrilla, Molière, Mozart, Byron, Shaw, etc. It takes account of all the latest artistic and critical works in the fields. It limits itself strictly to the different versions of the Don Juan myth (i.e., there are no entries on other seducers such as Casanova or Lovelace). The bibliography also provides a list of translations from around the Western world.

Black Women Novelists’ Contribution to Contemporary Feminist Discourse
2003 0-7734-6933-8
The Anita Hill – Clarence Thomas hearings serve as a point of departure to examine how six texts by black women novelists contribute to contemporary black feminist discourse. The manuscript is a comparative study of novels by both anglophone and francophone women: Mariama Ba’s Une Si Longue Lettre; ; Sapphire’s Push; Buchi Emecheta’s Head Above Water; Ken Bugul’s Le Baobab Fou; Tsitsi Dangarembga’s Nervous Conditions; and Myriam Warner-Vieyra’s Juletane. The text challenges the assumption that African American women’s writing is synonymous with black women’s writing, and it approaches issues facing black women globally: lesbianism, incest, rape, prostitution, polygamy, battering, and mental illness.

Celtic and Germanic Themes in European Literature
1994 0-7734-9420-0
These essays cover a broad historical sweep from Indo-European origins to the present. Essays include: Weaving-Related Symbolism in Early European Literature; Heinrich von Morungen and the Fairy-Mistress Theme; Second Sight in the Poetry of Annette von Droste-Hülshoff; Cernunnos Arisen: The Celtic Element in Geoffrey Hill's Mercian Hymns (with special reference to the way Hill and other English poets such as Ted Hughes and Seamus Heaney have looked back to Celtic mythology as a belief system which gives more scope to natural forces than the Judaeo-Christian tradition); 'Mader er Mannz Gaman': The Theme of Friendship in Old Norse and Old English Wisdom Verse; Cultural Origin and the Presentation of an English Past: How Celtic a Figure is King Arthur in 19th Century English Literature?; The Southey Circle and Scandinavian Mythology and Literature; German Influences in The Mill on the Floss; and The Nibelungenlied and the Third Reich (on the ideological appropriations of the ancient Germanic legacy by the National Socialists). At all times the communal goal has been to view modern problems in an historical perspective which includes a consideration of that racial stereotyping which has sometimes marred our European civilization.

Changing Face of Literary and Cultural Studies in English in a Transnational Environment
1999 0-7734-8047-1
These essays discuss not only British literature but other literatures in English and texts in other media including film, and the changing face of not just one nation's cultural studies but cultural studies in a transnational environment. These essays epitomize a complex proliferation of approaches to the ever-changing domain of literary and cultural studies.

Circularity and Visions of the New World in William Faulkner, Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Osman Lins
1993 0-7734-9249-6
This study presents a thought-provoking textual and ideological analysis of circularity in Absolom Absolom! by Faulkner, One Hundred Years of Solitude by Garcia Marquez, and Avalovara by Lins. Adopting a transcultural comparative perspective on the study of the American continent, this book offers its readers a unique opportunity to evaluate the concept and experience of America.

Classic and Iconoclastic Alternate History Science Fiction
2003 0-7734-6799-8
These essays analyze the important sub-genre of science fiction called alternate history, stories set in worlds that have been fictionalized by altering some key event in real history. They examine some of the famous themes of this literature: the American South winning the Civil War, and the Nazis winning WWII, as well as analyzing fascinating experiments with the form, such as those by Robert Silverberg and Robert Coover. It fills the void in scholarship in this popular literary form, and contains essays by several very well-known scholars in the fantastic literature field, including Thomas Shippey, Steven Kagle, Robert Geary, Martha Bartter, and Joe Sanders. Moving from the origins of alternate history to discussions of early examples and unusual experiments with the genre, the essays deal not only with print literature but also with film and graphic novels.

Combining Modes Essays for Composition
1992 0-7734-9893-1
This is a textbook specifically designed to make students aware that various rhetorical modes can and should be combined to produce the most effective results. All the selections in the text combine various strategies while clearly demonstrating one above the others and thus serve as excellent models. The last section includes selections chosen expressly for the purpose of demonstrating combined modes. Headings include "Description/Characterization"; "Narration'; "Process"; "Comparison/Contrast/Analogy"; "Division/Classification"; "Definition"; "Analysis"; "Argument". Essayists range from Charles Dickens, Mark Twain, Richard Wright, James Agee to Mary McCarthy, Tom Wolfe, William Golding, and Woody Allen.

Commentary on the Poetry of W. H. Auden, C. Day Lewis, Louis Macneice and Stephen Spender
1992 0-7734-9582-7
While literary critics have given disproportionate attention to the work of Auden and MacNeice, this commentary gives equal attention to their contemporaries Day Lewis and Spender. The author brings fresh insights to their poetry, identifies undetected sources, and elucidates obscurities. By placing their poetry in its biographical and historical contexts, he demonstrates how four poets with similar social and educational backgrounds responded to the stresses of private life and uneasy times, while remaining continuously aware of each other's work. His chronological survey of their entire poetic output over sixty years dispels the notion that their chief interest is as representative writers of a single decade, "the thirties".

Comparative Study of Longinus and Al-Jurjani - The Interrelationships Between Medieval Arabic Literary Criticism and Graeco-Roman Poetics
2004 0-7734-6379-8
This book investigates the similarities and differences between two critics, two books, and two concepts: Longinus’ “Sublime” in his On the Sublime (1st or 3rd A.D.) and al-Jurjani’s “Standard of Poetry” in his Mediation between al-Mutanabbi and his Adversaries (10th A.D.). Although much is known about al-Jurjani, his books and his times, almost nothing is known about Longinus: we are not sure who wrote that book, when and where it was written, and even how to translate the title. Al-Jurjani lived at least some seven centuries later and his ideas crystallize Arabic thought on great poetry.

Comparison of the Dramatic Work of Cao Yu and J. M. Synge
1999 0-7734-8157-5
Compares three pairs of plays by the Irish playwright J. M. Synge and the Chinese playwright Cao Yu, discussing some provocative dramaturgical similarities as well as profound aesthetic differences and uncovering a number of instances of Cao Yu's appropriation of Western literary models that have not been recognized before.

Comparison of the Works of Antonine Maillet of the Acadian Tradition of New Brunswick, Canada, and Louise Erdrich of the Ojibwe of North America, with the Poems of Longfellow
2002 0-7734-6971-0


Computer assisted Analysis of Goethe’s Die Wahlverwandtschaften the Enigma of Elective Affinities
1999 0-7734-8032-3
This is the first full-length computer-aided examination of Goethe's novel. This study focuses on a close critical analysis of the text, underpinning its findings with often incontrovertible evidence based on the outputs of computer-generated indexes and concordances. The examination of the text itself is complemented by an overview of critical attitudes toward the novel, from Goethe's contemporaries down to the present day, and by an outline of the possibilities and limitations of a computer-based text analysis.

Constructing Meaning in the Spanish and French New Novel: Juan Benet and Alain Robbe-Grillet
2009 0-7734-4670-2
This work anyalzes the novelistic world of Juan Benet and Alain Robbe-Grillet, acclaimed founders of the Spanish Nueva Novela and the French Nouveau Roman. It analyzes the authors’ most influential novels: Les gommes (1953), Le voyeur (1955), La jalousie (1957), Volverás a Región (1967), Una meditación (1969) and Un viaje de invierno (1972), and challenges the view that these novels are superfluous, experimental and not having any direct relationship to reality.

Contributions of Walter J. Ong to the Study of Rhetoric: History and Metaphor
1995 0-7734-2277-3
This volume examines two of Ong's contributions to the study of rhetoric: history and metaphor. His definitive work on Peter Ramus (1515-1572) filled a large gap in the history of rhetoric and established Ramus' work as a pivotal force in the division of the five parts of classical rhetoric. By using "interfaces of the word" as a metaphor for modern rhetoric, Ong reestablished the discipline of rhetoric as essential in all knowledge and communication. The study examines his work on Peter Ramus and analyzes Ong's book Interfaces of the Word and how the metaphor evolved in Ong's early, middle, and late work. Ong's work culminates in a paradigm of human history and consciousness: primary orality, writing, print, and secondary orality, and how rhetoric operates at each interface of these phenomena.

Creative and Critical Approaches to the Short Story
1997 0-7734-8614-3
This is a state of the art anthology of critical and creative works on the short story for scholars and readers. The collection is unique in that it combines the critical creative approaches to short fiction and includes works by inflential critics and writers who convey their love of the genre through their writing. Contributors include some of the best critics of the Short Story anywhere, talented fiction writers (one a Pulitzer Prize winner).

Cross-Cultural Analysis of the Writings of Thomas King and Colin Johnson (mudrooroo)
2006 0-7734-5864-6
Much has been written on the similarities between Canada, Australia and other Westernised English colonies in terms of the representation of Indigenous identity in fiction by white writers. This study addresses some very specific textual responses to this use of the ‘indigene’ by authors who are not from mainstream Anglo culture. The work makes an original contribution to knowledge and culture by comparing not only authors on far sides of the world, but also by comparing authors who do not easily fit into neat categories of identity themselves.

Discovering the Hidden Figure of a Child in Shakespeare’s sonnets as the Key to a New Interpretation: From Literary Analysis to Historical Detection
2015 1-4955-0303-8
A new interpretation that challenges widely accepted beliefs about Shakespeare’s Sonnets. The cast of characters increase as this study advances the procreation theme. The author deems it essential to our understanding of the Sonnets to try to re-imagine the situations behind the poems and explores the plausibility and potential of a ‘realist’ approach, while maintaining scholarly skepticism where appropriate, in order to advance the autobiographical “plot” behind the Sonnets.


Domestic Misconduct in the Novels of Defoe, Richardson, and Fielding
1994 0-7734-9978-4
For the novelist of the 18th century, the narrative preoccupation with domestic life was expressed through the image of the ill-governed family. The complications arising from courtship, marriage, sexual relationships, adolescence and domestic strife provided the writers of that era with the perfect vehicle for inculcating moral precepts governing family conduct. This explains, in part, the overly didactic nature of the novel in which readers are exhorted to correct improprieties in their own households.

Dramatic Structure and Meaning in Theatrical Productions
1992 0-7734-9897-4
Introduces a new general theory of dramatic form, together with a detailed, practicable method for the analysis and critical understanding of plays and screenplays. The author proposes that any play or screenplay can ultimately be understood as conforming to one of just seven dynamic types, and that knowledge of the kinetic and modal signatures of these skeletal `plots' provides the key for decoding the metaphorical significance of a drama's action and imagery. Examples range from ancient Greek drama to modern opera libretti to contemporary film, and from acknowledged dramatic masterpieces to more popular works. Will help drama professionals and students better grasp a work's conception and intention, and help the non-professional audience better understand a play or movie.

Dynamics of Tonal Shift in the Sonnet
2000 0-7734-7777-2
This volume uniquely combines syntax analysis and suprasegmental phoneme analysis of tape-recorded performances of sonnets. What sets this study apart from other works on literary tone is that it dramatically diminishes the problem of subjectivity. Before this work, attempts to name something that was felt generated terminology and definitions that were no more illuminating than the terms themselves. The study avoids the problem by recasting the question as one concerning tonal shifts, specifically those that occur at the volta or voltas of sonnets. Syntax analysis is an objective tool that allows for independent verification; and suprasegmental phoneme analysis allows sufficient verification to be a valuable adjunct to syntax analysis. When these tools are used together, voltas and, therefore, tonal shifts can be located grammatically by the reader, and all the other formal elements of the sonnet, whether Elizabethan, Petrarchan, or hybrid, become more pronounced. Through this method, original interpretations emerge in ways that are not likely to be otherwise obtained. This study enriches our understanding of voltas and sonnets, and emphasizes the value of syntax analysis in literary studies.

Echoes of Lucian in Goethe's Faust
1988 0-88946-394-8
An inquiry into the contribution which the Greek satirist Lucian and his German translator Wieland may have made to Goethe's Faust.

Edmund Spenser’s Faerie Queene and the Monomyth of Joseph Campbell Essays in Interpretation
2000 0-7734-7720-9
This study subjects Spenser’s The Faerie Queene to an archetypal mode of analysis to extract a coherent meaning from the text. The approach invokes a motif-driven, patterned analysis of the text, establishing the monomythic model of Joseph Campbell as a context for evaluating the heroic dimensions of the questing knights Redcrosse, Guyon, Britomart, and Calidore. The methodology further proposes to liberate Spenser from allegory. The study promotes the quest paradigm as a valid measure of characterization capable of generating interpretation across a wide spectrum of texts. Finally, the study suggests that Spenser – himself subjected to analysis following the model – abandons his ambitious self-appointed quest to complete The Faerie Queene in favor of a modestly successful completion of a surrogate quest to achieve personal and literary renown, a quest embodied in the Amoretti. With illustrations.

El Amor Lesbiano Como Sustituto Del Amor Materno En Cuatro Novelas Espanolas: Julia, El Amor Es Un Juego Solitario, Efectos Secundarios Y Beatriz Y Los Cuerpos Celestes
2013 0-7734-4478-5
This provocative book examines the classic struggle between daughters seeking their mother’s affection and how these behavioral patterns in young girls lead them to seek maternal love in other women. Four Spanish novels, with lesbian characters, provide the backdrop for this psychoanalytic exploration of Spanish literature.

Employing the Grotesque as a Communication Strategy: The History of an Artistic Style
2009 0-7734-3844-0
This work examines the presence of the grotesque in fiction, plastic arts, and films, to interpret the postmodern artistic phenomenon. The Reader’s Response Theory is utilized in order to examine the relevance of the grotesque to one of the most important factors of postmodernism: the reader. The study analyzes the evolution of the grotesque and reveals different levels of grotesque imagery and its possible meanings in the works of three authors: Machado de Assis, Camilo José Cela, and Alejandra Pizarnik.

Essays on C. S. Lewis and George Macdonald - Truth, Fiction, and the Power of Imagination
1991 0-88946-494-4
Studies that go beyond observations noting thematic connections between C. S. Lewis' theological writings and his imaginative fictions to probe the basic foundation of Lewis' conception of fiction and advance our understanding of the importance Lewis granted to the imagination in perceiving truth. Also, explores the role George MacDonald (who Lewis said "baptized [his] imagination") played in the development of his theory of fiction. Walter Hooper and Ann Loades offer essays on questions of autobiography raised by A Grief Observed; Robert Holyer writes on the epistemology of Till We Have Faces; Frank Riga discusses dreams as conduits for the imagination; and Waldo Knickerbocker discusses Lewis' sense of Christianity as "a true fairy tale."

Essays on Transgressive Reading Reading Over the Lines
1997 0-7734-8577-5
These essays examine texts from the Renaissance to the Postmodern, analyzing transgression's formation as a product of textual interdependence with audience, showing that subverted gender politics, unexpected genre combinations, and revised cultural histories result from textual transgression. The anthology emphasizes that transgression is not a transcendent transparent act that breaks cultural norms. Instead, western conceptions of text and audience construct the definitions and effects of transgression.

Experience of Exile Described by Italian Writers: From Cicero Through Dante and Machiavelli Down to Carlo Levi
2014 0-7734-4507-2
This book identifies the historical and social context of the experience of exile and the degree to which the condition of being exiled influenced literary production of those forced to undergo it.
A fascinating study examining how the legal governmental policy of “exile” can act as a catalyst in the transformation of the person ‘exiled’ from martyr to hero and how the exile process becomes the social –historical instrument that inspires the creative writing of great Italian masterpieces in poetry, rhetoric and philosophy.

Experimental Essays on the Novels of Bernard Malamud- Malamud's People
1995 0-7734-9060-4
In Dubin's Lives, and some of his later short stories, Bernard Malamud began to experiment with the use of fiction as a way of thinking about writers and writing. This study takes Malamud's model and offers six short stories, about books and their effect upon the imagined lives of their writers and readers, as a means of thinking about the work of Bernard Malamud himself. The result is an experimental alternative to more conventional forms of literary criticism, an essay intermingling biography, autobiography, literary analysis and fiction, in an effort to broaden the means of literary thinking available within cultural studies today. It tells stories about imagined people reading Malamud - in particular The Assistant, A New Life, Dubin's Lives, The Fixer and The Natural. The author sees Malamud as an undervalued writer not yet safely established within an impersonal canon; a writer whose commitment to the richness of realism, whose secularized Judaism, and whose sheer power of language constitute a challenging involvement in the uncertainties of uncategorizable experience; and a man whose unfashionable concern for human personality, serious emotions, and ordinary efforts at better lives offer a testing-ground for the claims of literary humanism. This controversial book will be of benefit to students, teachers and general readers specifically interested in Bernard Malamud, and to all those concerned with the current theory and practice of literary study.

Experimentation and the Autobiographical Search for Identity in the Projects of Michel Leiris and Hubert Fichte
2006 0-7734-5602-3
This study compares the substantial literary projects of Michel Leiris and Hubert Fichte, and it examines how they overstep theoretical prescriptions in their explorations of the self. The author concentrates predominantly on those components of these multi-volume projects that he argues are autobiographically motivated, although he establishes that these texts are not straightforwardly representative of this mode. In its tripartite arrangement, his study investigates the main areas of critical attention relating to the classification of the authors’ works, with particular reference to autobiography. Throughout this investigation, he provides evidence for his contention that for Leiris and Fichte alike, life and writing becomes mutually defining over the protracted progressions of their self-scrutiny. In the first part, he highlights biographical parallels between the authors, and he compares their respective project-conceptions. He then evaluates the efficacy of autobiographical theory in explaining their self-projections beyond their personal experience and towards textual processes of enactment.

Explaining the Depiction of Violence Against Women in Victorian Literature. Applying Julia Kristeva’s Theory of Abjection to Dickens, Bronte, and Braddon
2005 0-7734-5989-8
Examines the causes of the abject response in canonical novels such as Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist, Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre, and Mary Elizabeth Braddon’s Aurora Floyd and Lady Audley’s Secret. In Powers of Horror, Julia Kristeva outlines her theory of abjection as a simultaneous fascination and horror stemming from sensorial reminders of the subject’s primal, psychological relation to the mother. The author suggests that these psychological perspectives can potentially result in acts of physical violence, which are called “abject response”. By developing Julia Kristeva’s theory of abjection as a model for reading physical acts of violence against women, the book yields specific answers to its overriding questions: Why was a female body so threatening in nineteenth-century fiction? The answer lies in social constructions of women as powers of horror, which the male subject imbibes and which lead to domestic violence if improperly balanced.

Explaining the Major Themes in English Poetry: Religion, Nature, Classics, Romance, Individual Struggle, Politics
2014 0-7734-4348-7
The text focuses on six major themes often found in canonical English poetry. These include religion, nature, classics, romance, individual struggle, and politics. Using representative works of famous poets including, but not limited to, Milton, Donne, Shakespeare, Keats, Kipling and the Rossetti siblings, the book links poems on diverse and varied topics (such as the Virgin Mary, colonial India, and Tudor history) in order to illustrate the richness and complexity of the literary canon.

An impressive and compelling contribution to the study of poetry that will enchant students of literature and casual readers for years to come. Instead of using chronological division of works the author arranges the poems according to central themes in literature. The text’s main aim is to make challenging poems more approachable and accessible to young undergraduates.


Exploring Stereotyped Images in Victorian and Twentieth-Century Literature and Society
1993 0-7734-9325-5
These essays explore the nature and effect of differing categories of stereotype: racial, social, sexual, class media, cultural, etc. Essays examine how best-selling novels gain their effect from the use of stereotyping of the Negro and Jew; the way in which women in Victorian England were expected to be seen; the use of working-class stereotypes; how literature and other cultural productions portray people and situations in terms of the media even to the extent of their being reduced to electronically projected images representative of the accelerating standardization and mechanization of mass society.

Female Hero in Women's Literature and Poetry
1996 0-7734-8796-4
This collection of essays about women's novels and poetry demonstrates the signs and symbol structures inherent in women's writings and what those systems can mean in identifying a mega-myth for women and women's psychological and physical development. Using Professor Lichtman's earlier book, Life Stages of Woman's Heroic Journey, as the theoretical basis for interpretation, it covers such diverse authors and poets as Christina Rossetti, Zora Neale Hurston, Ellen Glasgow, Dame Edith Sitwell, Virginia Woolf, and the Mabinogion

Feminist Contributions to the Literary Canon Setting Standards of Taste
1997 0-7734-8667-4
Essays include: "The Conflict Betwixt Love and Honor" - The Autobiography of Anne, Lady Halkett (Gabriele Rippl) Intertwining Literary Histories: Women's Contributions to the Rise of the Novel (Susanne Fendler) Charlotte Smith and the Romantic Sonnet Revival (Sylvia Mergenthal) The Transformation of a Genre - the Feminist Mystery Novel (Marion Frank) Journey and Gender - Diversity in Travel Writing (Karin Veit) Cyberpunk, Cyborgs and Feminist Science Fiction (Jenny Wolmark)

Feminized Male Character in Twentieth-Century Literature
1995 0-7734-8998-3
This study explores a character type who is neither androgynous nor feminine, presenting a critique of the way in which the term "androgynous" has been misapplied to the feminized male, and through the use of reader response theory, argues that this type of figure appeals to female readers because he reflects parts of themselves often ignored or outrightly ridiculed through male literary representation. The book presents new arguments about characters created by James Joyce (Ulysses), Ernest Hemingway (The Sun Also Rises, The Garden of Eden), Jack Kerouac (On the Road), and Saul Bellow (Humboldt's Gift), advancing a growing body of research rejecting the majority view of these four writers as antifeminine artists. The feminized male, whose male creator has intentionally endowed him with feminine as well as masculine qualities in an effort to explore the complexities of gender in a dialectically social (via literary) realm, presents a powerful technique to explore, challenge, and redefine gender, not only in fiction but in our everyday lives as well.

Fictional First-Person Discourses in Cuban Diaspora Novels
2012 0-7734-2588-8
This book considers Cuban diaspora novels written since 1980, critically examining the autobiographical elements of the works and the authors who wrote them. Incorporating autobiographical theories and Cuban exile history across literary generations, the study analyzes different approaches to fictional self-figuration. It underscores how the autobiographical within fictional discourses does not conceal, but instead reveals more flexible outlets for authorial and diasporic self-representation.
From the beginning the author defines the difference between diaspora and exile. The text then studies three periodic phases in the first-person fictional novels of Cuban writers outside the island, taking into consideration the writers’ own displacement and the nature of the dynamics between exile and adopted country. The author discovers a commonality in all of the novels: strong parallels between history and fiction and overlapping characteristics of the novels’ authors and their narrating protagonists – both displaced subjects. The text represents an important contribution to autobiographical studies and to the study of both Cuban and Latino literature in the United States, but especially to the studies of one of the newest routes of Cuban literature in the world.

Fictional Role of Childhood in Victorian and Early Twentieth Century Children’s Literature
2004 0-7734-6451-4
This book studies canonical children’s literature during what is perceived to be the first Golden Age of this genre. Building upon critical studies, such as Jacqueline Rose’s The Case of Peter Pan, the instability at the heart of children’s literature is examined. The notion that children’s fiction promotes a discursive innocence is resisted by analyzing texts written specifically for a child readership. Textual tensions and desires inscribed from adult culture’s penmanship, and the subversion of childhood’s mythopoeic status are unveiled through critical analysis, highlighting the complex imbalance between adult narrator and child character.

Just as childhood and its connotations of innocence are a cultural adult production, so must children’s fiction incorporate an element of adult masquerade, where the child character embodies a performative dimension of the adult narrator’s psyche. A critical metaphor, ‘textual pedophilia’ encapsulates the literary and discursive desire for innocence ruptured by the adult palimpsest of a postlapsarian authorial presence. The title refers to the imaginative preoccupations of childhood as transfixed by a performative adult creativity hiding behind a fraudulent mask of pristine innocence. Ultimately, it is a playful genre that, far from promoting idealized innocence, often questions such discourses and subverts them.

Fictitious Authors and Imaginary Novels in French, English and American Fiction From the 18th to the Start of the 21st Century
2005 0-7734-6251-1
Some of the greatest writers of fiction have introduced imaginary novelists as characters in their novels and short stories, sometimes including extended examples or descriptions of the character's work, in a few instances building whole smaller works into the larger structure of their novels. The present study, addressed to the general reader of fiction, is concerned for the first time with collecting and examining these fictional creations by some of the most famous French, English, and American writers, including Balzac, Thackeray, Dickens, Hawthorne, Trollope, James, Proust, Wolfe, Murdock, Updike, Roth, and Byatt, and also introducing readers to striking instances by lesser known writers. Imaginary fiction is often entertaining and readable in itself; in addition it can perform important literary functions for the plot and themes of the work in which it occurs, it provides both imaginary and real author opportunities for literary criticism and social satire, and it can also perform psychological and therapeutic purposes for the writer.

Figure of Cressida in British and American Literature Transformation of a Literary Type
1990 0-88946-397-2
Traces this controversial figure characterized by sexual allure and treachery from its Homeric beginnings in the minor characters of Chryseis and Briseis through its period of greatest popularity, the sixth through sixteenth centuries, to its reappearance in modern form today.

Figure of Dido in French Drama and French Music
2012 0-7734-2592-6
Here for the first time, the various French treatments of Dido’s tragic story in both drama and music, most of which are little known today, are brought together, examined, compared, and evaluated. In Virgil’s Aeneid, the evocation of Dido’s great and fateful passion had an impact that has continued to reverberate over two millennia. Among the vast array of artistic creations that Dido has inspired are a number of French tragedies and musical works from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries. This study embraces different genres and spans several centuries, demonstrates the commonalities between the works, and reveals the individuality and uniqueness of each interpretation. This study first looks at the broader European context before the French dramas, cantatas and operas are each analyzed in detail. What emerges is that there is indeed a myriad of ways to tell and interpret a story. The various interpretations show an intriquing and sometimes surprising degree of individuality on the part of these writers and composers.

Film and Literature - Points of Intersection
1997 0-7734-8612-7
This collection of essays explores the ways in which film and fiction share narrative and thematic material while serving as cultural texts. The collection is intended to reflect a broad spectrum of critical positions. Works include Last Exit to Brooklyn, Angel Heart, Frankenstein, Wise Blood, Rambling Rose, Smooth Talk, Trifles, The Glass Key, Catch 22, Forrest Gump, Silence of the Lambs, The Glass Key, Miller's Crossing. Topics include the social construction of character, underlying messages, the evolution of work from novel to film, ethics, women's studies.

Films as Critiques of Novels Transformational Criticism
1995 0-7734-9067-1
This book shows how films are useful as literary criticism. From an examination of what will and will not "translate" into film from print, one learns much about a novel's structure and methodology, its themes, narratology, and other aspects of fictions. Novels/films include The French Lieutenant's Woman, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, The Sterile Cuckoo, Catch-22, Bang the Drum Slowly, A Room With a View, Ordinary People, more.

Fleur Adcock in Context From Movement to Martians
1997 0-7734-8687-9
Fleur Adcock has become the quiet presiding stateswoman of British poetry. She emigrated to London from New Zealand in the early 60s and her poetic career evolves out of that post-Movement climate. This book documents Adcock's association with the so-called "Group" which doubtless helped in the process of a more colloquial 'voice' and an ease of delivery that often belies the seriousness of a poem. The formal control of her poetry is astute, and she is excellent at raising anxiety and trawling dark themes through her poems. She is a poet of dreams and landscapes, often drawing on her native New Zealand. She is also a social commentator, skillful with her deflations of masculinity.

Fortunatus in His Many English Guises
1996 0-7734-1350-2
Written by Bristol Germanists past and present, this volume includes eleven research essays. Included are: The Babenburg Dukes; Schnüffis' Mirantisches Flötlein; Collin's Regulus; Nestroy and the Redemptorists; Alcoholism in 19th-century drama; Stifter's Bunte Sleine; Duels in Schnitzler's plays; Hofmannsthal's quatrains; Hofmannsthal's Prolog zu dem Buch `Anatol'; a Kafka notebook entry; and Contemporary Women's Writing in Austria. It also has numerous illustrations and a special preface by Professor Emeritus August Closs. Bristol Austrian Studies will appeal to all advanced readers of Austrian literature. Its critical range and stimulating subject matter are a tribute to the sustained interest in Austrian culture that characterizes the teaching and research of Bristol University's German Department.

Fragmentation and Contradiction in Piers Plowman and Its Implications for the Study of Modern Literature, Art and Culture the Apocalyptic Discourse
1992 0-7734-9504-5
This study charts and analyzes the stylistic, ideological, and human signifiers of a general crisis of rhetoric and discourse: shifting genres and resolutions; parataxis; contradiction, recycling, repetition. The style, structure and dialogic pattern of meanings of William Langland's Piers Plowman are the starting points of an inquiry into the contradictions of cultures and societies in transition. Crises of feudal and late capitalist cultures in transition are analyzed in visual art, film, and music as well as literature. Texts studies include the work of Eliot, Pound, Lawrence, Dos Passos, Glass, Reich, and Dylan, as well as the film "Beyond Thunderdome."

From Middleton and Rowley's Changeling to Sam Shepard's Bodyguard a Contemporary Appropriation of a Renaissance Drama
1997 0-7734-8653-4
Throughout his career, Sam Shepard has demonstrated a preoccupation with national identity, myths and symbols. The focus of the present study, The Bodyguard (1973), was commissioned by Tony Richardson, a film adaptation of Middleton and Rowley's classic English play, with its central love-hate relationship. The screen adaptation is presented here as a counterhegemonic appropriation of the canonical text through an assertion of Shepard's American identity and a vindication of his popular roots. The adaptation critically inscribes the tension Shepard experiences between national idea(l)s and a multicultural reality into the plot, themes and imagery of the early modern play, besides exemplifying and thematizing the postmodern fusion of high and low culture.

G.K. Chesterton’s Literary Influence on George Orwell
2012 0-7734-2580-2
Luke Seaber is the first author to study the influence of G.K. Chesterton on George Orwell. The book analyzes how Chesteron influenced Orwell’s novels and how Orwell misrepresented Chesterton because he was embarrassed by this fact. Seaber takes the Orwell-Chesterton relationship one step further by looking at the similarities found within each author’s use political language, war-time propaganda, and the symbolism of Dickens. Seaber juxtaposes Orwell and Chesterton’s literary technique to show where both men differed in their world view. Original and thorough, this book will appeal to hose interested in Orwell and Chesterton alike.

Handling of Words and Other Studies in Literary Psychology
1993 0-7734-9174-0
The republication of the 1923 study The Handling of Words will help to confirm Vernon Lee's pioneering work in helping to design the method of close empirical analysis of texts which has become so important in Anglo-American criticism. It also makes available passages of stylistic analysis whose value has been partially recognized by their inclusion on some anthologies. Finally, it will show how strikingly Lee anticipates some of the developments in contemporary criticism, for instance the role of the reader as co-creator.

Henry Miller, the Modern Rabelais
1990 0-88946-628-9
Reassesses the literary relationship linking Henry Miller and François Rabelais in terms of readings, imitations, and analogies. Uses a Bakhtinian approach to explore how Miller, as a 20th-century anarchist and rebel, could realize his kinship with Rabelais, a 16th-century humanist and Christian. The various avenues explored include lexical richness, conviviality, laughter, the grotesque, scenes of carnival, and the notions of freedom and self-transcendence. Despite the negative side of Miller's work, thought, and artistic vision, of which obscenity, nihilism, and despair form clear elements, Miller's personality exudes a fundamentally positive spirit based on friendship, trust, and mutual respect, all of which can be seen as elements in the Rabelaisian philosophy of Pantagruelisme.

Historical Development of Surrealism and the Relationships Between Hemispheric Specializations of the Brain
1992 0-7734-9738-2
A new procedure for literary analysis of surrealist imagery, using various procedures: a summary of recent developments in hemispheric studies, discussion of the language and communicative properties of the two hemispheres of the brain, analysis of language modes and types of image - memory, dream, imagination, etc. - and examination of poems and poets that have been called surrealist.

Historical Roots of Medieval Literature Battle and Ballad
1992 0-7734-9536-3
The powerful works contained in this study form an epic all their own - a literary triumph whose roots lie in the anxieties and aspirations of the societies which gave them birth. Included for study: Celtic fairy tales and nursery rhymes; Irish bardic literature; the Britano-Welsh material (the Mabinogion); the Germanic epic; Latin Christian verse; Angle poetry; the Icelandic Saga; the crusading epic; medieval religious dramas; Academic satire; French and German Chivalric literature; Italian Franciscan revival verse; the social crisis literature of the 14th century; and the despondent verse of the dying Middle Ages.

History of Metaphors of Nature
2006 0-7734-5592-2
Modern European languages have a large number of metaphors which represent the whole of nature. Many of these, such as Mother Nature, the celestial harmony, the great chain of being, and the book of nature, are used in natural science and in literature. Most of these words can be traced back into prehistory where they arose mythologically from the same small set of images. Metaphors have a powerful influence on the framing of scientific hypothesis making, and so these words have guided the history of natural science, for good or ill, for several millennia. Newtonian mechanics, for example was motivated by the idea of celestial harmony, whereas Darwin used the images of the great chain of being and Mother Nature, and James Hutton created modern geology and ecology by mixing the images of nature as the macrocosm, and as a machine.

The images elicited by these phrases have also been important in the development of the positive feeling for nature, which existed in the Hellenic and Hellenistic society, which was lost in the Middle Ages, and which has been developing again since the Renaissance, and especially since Earth Day, 1970. Each chapter in this book is a parallel longitudinal history of a word or phrase which represents the whole of nature, and which has influenced natural science and general literature, and especially North American Nature writing. Ironically, as natural science developed, and enabled our technological society to destroy natural areas more and more rapidly, science strengthened the fundamental images of nature, and was used by nature writers to encourage a revaluing of the natural world.

History of Metaphors of Nature
2006 0-7734-5593-0
Modern European languages have a large number of metaphors which represent the whole of nature. Many of these, such as Mother Nature, the celestial harmony, the great chain of being, and the book of nature, are used in natural science and in literature. Most of these words can be traced back into prehistory where they arose mythologically from the same small set of images. Metaphors have a powerful influence on the framing of scientific hypothesis making, and so these words have guided the history of natural science, for good or ill, for several millennia. Newtonian mechanics, for example was motivated by the idea of celestial harmony, whereas Darwin used the images of the great chain of being and Mother Nature, and James Hutton created modern geology and ecology by mixing the images of nature as the macrocosm, and as a machine.

The images elicited by these phrases have also been important in the development of the positive feeling for nature, which existed in the Hellenic and Hellenistic society, which was lost in the Middle Ages, and which has been developing again since the Renaissance, and especially since Earth Day, 1970. Each chapter in this book is a parallel longitudinal history of a word or phrase which represents the whole of nature, and which has influenced natural science and general literature, and especially North American Nature writing. Ironically, as natural science developed, and enabled our technological society to destroy natural areas more and more rapidly, science strengthened the fundamental images of nature, and was used by nature writers to encourage a revaluing of the natural world.

Homecoming Theme in Modern Drama the Return of the Prodigal
1992 0-7734-9578-9
This study begins with an examination of the "archi-pattern" of the Prodigal Son, then analyses the analogies and differences between this "archi-pattern" and its post-figuration in modern dramatic discourse as influenced by changes in the socio-cultural code. Six modern plays are represented: Ibsen's Ghosts, O'Neill's Long Day's Journey into Night, Miller's Death of a Salesman, Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf, Pinter's The Homecoming, and Shepard's Buried Child.

House as Setting, Symbol, and Structural Motif in Children’s Literature
2004 0-7734-6462-X
This study examines the function and significance of houses in children’s literature, concentrating on a close reading of a large number of representative texts. The houses that children live in, move to or visit in these novels are especially striking and unforgettable. Throughout the fiction the house is a dominant setting, occupying a prominent place and producing a powerful imaginative impact upon the reader. This book addresses the need for a comprehensive examination of the symbolic and structural patterns of domestic settings in children’s literature. It was written especially for those who would like to see children’s literature placed in the same context and judged by the same criteria as its adult counterpart.

How Habits of Culture Shape Our Rational Thinking: A Comparison of Classical Greece and Ancient China
2013 0-7734-4503-X
A succinct yet remarkable incisive study of the complex interplay between language, modes of reading it, and modes of thinking as observed in the surviving literature of classical Greece and the roughly contemporary corpus inherited from the age of Confucius in China.

How Irish Women Writers Portray Masculinity
2006 0-7734-5558-2
The roles of men and women in Ireland have changed a great deal in the last fifty years and many of these changes can be attributed to the dual influence of the Irish Women’s Movement and Ireland’s inclusion in the European Community/Union. While these two influences affected many rapid legal changes toward equality for women and men in Ireland, Irish society has been slow to reflect these shifts. The novels examined in this book reflect the gap between these legal and societal changes.

How the Writings of William Morris Shaped the Literary Style of Tennyson, Swinburne, Gissing, and Yeats
2012 0-7734-3913-7
This text is the first to examine the influence of William Morris on the artistic, literary, and ideological styles of Tennyson, Swinburne, Gissing, and Yeats. The focus is on a selection of Morris’ writings and situates them in the fields of art, culture, and society. Through Roland Barthes’ approach to interpreting text, Sasso demonstrates that Tennyson, Swinburne, Gissing, and Yeats were all readers of Morris’ work which in turn stimulated their own writing and infused them with desire. Shows how Morris’ influence caused his contemporaries to emulate his style of writing and how that style ultimately framed the mind of Victorian England.

How Their Living Outside America Affected Five African American Authors: Toward a Theory of Expatriate Literature
2010 0-7734-3748-7
The book examines fictional responses of African American expatriate writers to Europe in the 1960s. It analyzes the change in the African American perception of Europe and seeks to reveal how African American writers of the 1960s responded in imaginative ways to the European scene.

Humour Theorists of the Twentieth Century
1997 0-7734-8459-0
This volume examines six theorists of humour who have emerged as particularly influential in the 20th century: Henri Bergson, Sigmund Freud, Mikhail Bakhtin, Arthur Koestler, Northrop Frye, and Helene Cixous. Their major theories are reviewed and tested, and major principles of the theories are set in context with one another, while also being inserted into an over-view which borrows from all of them but is determined by none.

Idler and the Dandy in Stage Comedy, 500 B. C. to 1830
2007 0-7734-5439-X
This book follows the progress of the Greek parasite figure through his various interpretations by different poets as seen in the remaining fragments. On the Roman stage of Plautus, the parasite became a key comic figure in proceedings, later replaced by the wily slave. In medieval comedy he can be seen as the vice of morality plays, in mummers plays and he emerges as a type in early Tudor theatre. On the Elizabethan and Jacobean stage the chancing rascal was a frequent feature, most notably Falstaff. Throughout the Restoration dissipated gallants and workshy fops became well established and their behaviour reached the outer limits of the bawdy. In 18th century sentimental comedy the fascination with such roguery, ageing dandyism and peripheral scavengers remained, but modified. Rogues, idlers, skivers, flatterers and the work-shy: all chisellers.

Image of the Church Minister in Literature
1995 0-7734-9084-1
Examines, through a close reading of wide-range texts, how the image of the religious minister and religion is mirrored. Authors include Chaucer, Shakespeare, George Eliot, James Joyce, Trollope, Morris West, Graham Greene, Bernanos, and others. The book also distinguishes itself in terms of genres considered and non-canonical texts studied: Fitzgerald's short story "Absolution"; Chapter 7 of John Henry Newman's only semi-autobiographical novel; Edmund Gosse's unique text; and Ralph Waldo Emerson's text from the essay genre combined with his various journal entries and letters. An interdisciplinary effort, this volume is well-documented and researched, yet still accessible to non-academic readership.

Images of Masculinity in Fantasy Fiction
2003 0-7734-6754-8
Since the challenge of feminism to the predominant patriarchal outlook on the world, modern man feels displaced, and a plaintive note has entered the discourse on gender. The problem is not only discussed on an academic level but has become part of popular culture. Role models for men have become as varied as they have been for women since the emergence of feminism. These essays deal with the combined topic of male gender roles and the fantasy genre which allows a particularly wide scope for the investigation of roles.

Images of the Indian in four New World literatures
1997 0-7734-8462-0
This study deals with the development of different 19th and 20th century views of the Western-Hemisphere "Indian". Pays special attention is paid to Brazilian, Peruvian, French, and English Canadian literatures, and the genre of the novel as well as the historical background of these myths. It includes a discussion of what a literary myth is, how it may be derived from a series of microtexts, and how these texts may be compared by the creation of tables detailing semiotically certain semantic attributes of the native New-World inhabitant.

Imaginary Geographies in Portuguese and Lusophone- African Literature
2007 0-7734-5483-7
This study interrogates a series of utopian projections that have informed Portuguese and Luso-African letters and culture since the Renaissance. Concentrating on the three crucial historical moments – Portugal’s tenuous hegemony in the Asian seas in the sixteenth century, the collapse of its colonial empire in the mid-1970s, and the post-independence period of re-evaluating nationalisms in Africa – the study examines the familiar “long narrative” which casts the Portuguese Discoveries as an inaugural and enabling event in Europe’s conquest of the world. In the fifteenth- and sixteenth-century texts, a sense of belatedness and danger in the face of a vast commercial network which preceded by several centuries Portugal’s arrival in Asia undercuts this account. The narratives about Portugal’s colonial wars in Africa negate the Salazarist project to restore the mythologized age of discoveries and seek simultaneously to converge with anti-colonial guerrilla movements. The work of António Lobo Antunes eschews this trend, insisting instead upon the incommensurability between the liberation struggles and Portugal’s April Revolution. Concomitantly, recent Lusophone African literature pictures the struggle of liberation as a cancellation of historicity, and underscores the “differend” between official constructions of nationhood and the future imagined from below.

Impact of the Postcolonial Theories of Edward Said, Gayatri Spivak, and Homi Bhabha on Western Thought: Gayatri Spivak, and Homi Bhabha on Western Thought the Third-World Intellectual in the First-World Academy
2011 0-7734-1457-6


Individuation and the Power of Evil on the Nature of the Human Psyche
2006 0-7734-5753-4
This study examines two primary plays: After the Fall by Arthur Miller and The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark by William Shakespeare, using a Jungian Analytical Psychological approach. By focusing on certain components of Jung’s theories of individuation, the development of personality, and the power of evil, the study provides evidence that the two main characters, Quentin and Hamlet, respectively, come to a place of moral differentiation.

This book emphasizes the components of the human condition and provides examples from the dramatic works of Shakespeare and Miller as evidence of the possibilities available to humanity. Significantly, the use of Jung’s ideas on individuation with Miller’s plays bring to the world of literary scholarship a contribution of understanding the work that Miller was doing and how vitally important his plays are to humanity as a touchstone of human development. The analytical bridge created between Jung and Shakespeare represents a clear statement of the importance of original and pioneering scholarship between two writers who seemingly have no reason to be connected.

This study will appeal to scholars in Renaissance and modern literary studies, as well as those interested in psychology and religion. The work provides a look into realms of literature, psychology, philosophy, and religion, which not only points to the theoretical analysis provided in scholarship but also to the more serious and eternal questions concerning evil and personality.

Influence of European Literary and Artistic Representations of the “orient” on Western Orchestral Compositions, Ca. 1840-1920: From Oriental Inspiration to ‘exotic’ Orchestration
2011 0-7734-1426-6
This is the most comprehensive survey of the major sources of inspiration for Western composers who sought to infuse their musical works with an ‘Eastern’ flavor. The book discusses the aesthetic, philosophical, political , geographical, literary and historical forces at work during the period. This book contains thirty-one black and white photographs and fifteen color photographs.

Influence of Post Modernism on Contemporary Writing: An Interdisciplinary Study
2005 0-7734-6183-3
This is a book that treats postmodernism in its own terms, regarding it as a phenomenon which both represents a contemporary moment and also looks towards its own transcendence, passing away, disappearance. It is distinctive in two ways. First, it not only deals with recognizably postmodern features and aspects – the death of the author, dislocations of time and space, experimentations with different media – but it also looks forward to modes of writing and textuality which have – perhaps already – displaced the postmodern – the graphic novel, electronic textuality, the virtually real. Second, it attempts a type of discourse that matches these developments: never completely discursive or linear, this book seeks for a new type of criticism which will both reflect the spectrality towards which much postmodernism tends and at the same time remain in touch with the need to encounter postmodern and post-postmodern texts and cultural phenomena in intelligible terms. The book’s critical range extends from the Gothic through to the most recent harbingers of modernity, and it describes a trajectory that will both take account of a significant mass of recent fiction and poetry and at the same time point readers towards the most likely developments in the textualities of the twenty-first century.

Influence of the Writings of Simone Weil on the Fiction of Iris Murdoch
1993 0-7734-9877-X
Examines the conceptual parallels concerning selflessness, knowing the void, and degrees of attention in Weil's and Murdoch's moral philosophy, and considers how these concepts find expression in Murdoch's fiction. The study discusses similarities in their backgrounds; uses psychoanalytic theory to examine selflessness, the void, and destabilized identity in the novels; and concludes with a discussion of their moral philosophy which underwrites traditional feminine roles within Western culture while implying radical changes for masculine roles.

International Perspectives in Comparative Literature Essays in Honor of Charles Dedeyan
1991 0-7734-9759-5
A collection of essays in comparative literature, from general topics to very specific studies of both earlier and more recent literature. This new scholarship will contribute to the mutual understanding of cultures and of the literatures of various times. Includes the study of English, French, German, neo-Latin, and Canadian literature.

Interpreting Radical Metaphor in the Novel Experimental Fictions of Donald Barthelme, Thomas Pynchon, and Kathy Acker
2002 0-7734-7280-0
This study argues that the often-noted resistance to interpretation by these authors’ experimental fiction has to do with the radical functioning of metaphor in their texts. After an introductory discussion about the contemporary debates about metaphor and narrative, she examines each author’s work in various theoretical contexts such as cognitivist models, deconstruction, modernism and post-modernism, concentrating on a number of narrative strategies which she groups under the term piracy. The conclusion situates the metaphoric narrative in relation to the competing literary critical paradigms of postmodernist fiction.

Interpreting Texts From the Middle Ages the Ring of Words in Medieval Literature
1994 0-7734-9071-X
These sixteen essays deal with many aspects of medieval literature: problems of Old Saxon, Old High German, Old English words, and Old Norse literature; devotional biography, hagiography, and autobiography; the reinterpretation of specific words from the courtly era; a manuscript in which the Hebrew alphabet is used to render a collection of randomly chosen Christian prayers; medieval descriptions of India; and a demonstration of how to compile an onomasiological index for a language period such as Early New High German.

Invention of False Medieval Authorities as a Literary Device in Popular Fiction
2006 0-7734-5939-1
This study explores the construction of false authority within and by contemporary popular fiction, especially within those tales concerned with the creation of texts themselves. This practice represents a return to medieval theories of authority, where the Bible, theology, and the ancient classics represented recourse for the assertions of contemporary thinkers and writers.

John Lehmann's New Writing an Author-Index 1936-1950
1990 0-88946-384-0
With an Introductory Essay by John Whitehead.

An Author-Index to the 60 volumes of the magazine, which contained stories by Russian, Czech, German, French, Chinese writers. Many stories and sketches were concerned with peasant or working-class characters. Notable public events such as the Great War, Nazi violence, Italian conscription for the Abyssinian War form some of the themes. Lehmann contributed a sequence of travel notes from around the world.

La Literatura De Viaje EspaÑola Del Siglo Diecinueve Clasificada En SubgÉneros: Los Diferentes Tipos De Libros De Viaje Escritos En EspaÑa Durante El Siglo Diecinueve, Del Duque De Rivas a Miguel De Unamuno
2011 0-7734-1498-3
This typology of the XIXth century peninsular travel literature offers a model for possible future studies of the travel literature of different countries and leads to the tracking of a possible evolution of the subgenres proposed. In the light of numerous previous and recent events of classification by authors such as Angela Pérez Mejía, Fernando Cristovaõ, Lily Litvak, Otmar Ette, Charles Batten and many more, and as they transcend a chronological order or an evolution according to the many literary trends of the century, the subgenres are based on content, which was determined to be the best way to proceed. The findings of this study show that what determines the determines the subgenres is, beside the examination of the content, the didactic intention of the author combined with the specific reader horizon of expections for the particular travel book.

Lady Wilde's Letters to Constance Wilde, Friends and Acquaintances, with Selected Correspondence Received
2013 0-7734-4501-3
The current final volume is a collection of correspondence written by Lady Jane Wilde to her daughter-in-law, Constance Wilde, as well as other friends and acquaintances. Lady Wilde, like her son Oscar, was an excellent writer. She had a wide range of interests. Much of the ridicule directed at Lady Wilde and her writing and lifestyle followed the imprisonment of her son in 1894 and reflected Victorian prejudices. These letters provide a different picture: that of a reflective, intelligent and kind woman.

An excellent work in deciphering Lady Wilde’s personal handwritten letters and correspondence. An invaluable source of new information to scholars reassessing the lives of the Wildes, studying the status of women, or working in the field of Irish literature.

Landscape Poetry of Antonio Machado a Dialogical Study of Campos De Castilla
2001 0-7734-7581-8
In much of Antonio Machado’s poetry, the Castilian landscape is more than merely the imagery or physical context necessary to convey the poet’s state of mind or emotion. The landscape is either protagonist or co-protagonist with man in the human experience communicated through the poetic utterance. It examines Campos de Castilla as a collection which communicates a quintessentially Castilian collective perceptual experience which relies heavily on sensory data. This study examines Machado’s poetry from a dialogical perspective, a reading which explores the experience of reading, and discusses the properties of Machado’s perceptual poetry in contrast with the non-perceptual referential system of linguistic signs characteristic of Romanticism. It explores the relations between the text, the participatory consciousness of the reader and the reader’s extratextual world.

Legend of Saladin in Western Literature and Historiography
2000 0-7734-7686-5
This is the first modern study of the image and legend of Saladin in Western sources from the 12th to the 20th century. It examines the gradual transformation in the portrayal of the Muslim enemy from demonized villain into adoptive hero. The extraordinary variety of stories which coalesced about his person, detailing inter alia his entirely fictional journeys to the West and his amorous adventures, frequently bear very little relation to historical reality, yet are shown to be of undeniable historical interest. Their significance lies in what they reveal about political, cultural and ideological climates in different countries and in different ages, for Western writers marked their appropriation of Saladin by constantly recreating him as hero in their own image to point a message for their own age glorifying values which they themselves espoused.

Leguin and Identity in Contemporary Fiction
1988 0-7734-2006-1
Synthesizes the work of "identity-theorists" such as Norman N. Holland, Heinz Lichtenstein, Bruno Bettelheim, Hans Loewald, and Margaret Mahler in an attempt to formulate a non-essentialist theory of identity formation that can be fruitfully applied to literature. The working conclusion of the synthesis is that the artist constantly works creative variations on a kind of identity theme that was established during the autistic phase of childhood development. The book then melds identity theory with more contemporary critical theory. Theorists such as Jacques Lacan, Jacques Derrida, and Julia Kristeva are clearly summarized and flexibly applied to Le Guin's major fictional works, yielding fresh insights into LeGuin's work and the nature of fiction in general. This book dramatically changes the direction of scholarship on LeGuin - moves the criticism away from the usual mythological, Jungian, and thematic readings to readings which focus much more closely on the texts, aided by contemporary critical theory.

Les Mythobiographies Mineures De Patrick Modiano
2006 0-7734-5550-7
This book, by making reference to a theoretical reflection on themes of mythocriticism, the philosophy of language and the individual, places the work of this modern author within the context of two metaphors – the mythical labyrinth and its postmodernist variant, Deleuze’s rhizome – treated as figures of identity and otherness. They express two contrary tendencies in Modiano’s writing. The labyrinth signifies the breakdown of the historical paradigm of identity and the crisis of the referential functioning of literature, characteristic of structuralist thought. An attempt to recover the reliability of narration outside historical time leads the author towards archaic images which allude to the traditional idea of the sacred. The imagination, however, dictates images which are not grounded in history and are thus a parody of the mythical reversion. The rhizome, as a metaphor for opening, not only breaks down the traditional dichotomy between reality and fiction, but also, by making reference to the contemporary idea of nomadism inspired by Jewish tradition, carries a reflection on identity and otherness in the field of ethics. In the context of biographical narration, the co-existence of the labyrinth and the rhizome signifies on one hand a vain attempt to recreate faithful events from the character’s life, and on the other a restoration of the intersubjective relationship of the author with the Other, whether real or imagined, within the space of the text. This makes it possible to treat the autobiographical and autofictional dimension of Modiano’s work not as an attempt to create the author’s fictional or real identity, but as the coming into being of his ethical identity. In French

Linguistic Transformations in Romantic Aesthetics From Coleridge to Emily Dickinson
2002 0-7734-7029-8


Literary Expressions of Exile a Collection of Essays
2000 0-7734-7487-0


Literary Nominalism and the Theory of Rereading Late Medieval Texts a New Research Paradigm
1995 0-7734-8882-0
This is the first volume to offer a comprehensive examination of the theoretical and practical possibilities of an interdisciplinary approach to nominalism in medieval literature. The essays avoid theoretical reductivism and provide an outstanding critical perspective. In each essay, an expert scholar in the field investigates one of the existing theoretical approaches (e.g., nominalism as a direct 'source' for late medieval writers in the philological sense; nominalism as a philosophical superstratum; nominalism as part of a typical late-medieval mentality; nominalism as an intertext; medieval nominalist sign theory in comparison with twentieth-century sign theory, etc.) and then apply the chosen approach to a literary case study. It also contains the most inclusive bibliography on nominalism and late medieval literature. This volume will be the first and foremost source to be consulted for any scholar in the field.

Literary Portrayal of Passion Through the Ages
1996 0-7734-8786-7
The nine essays in this volume explore some aspects of the passions and explore the role of the passions in various contexts: in ancient Greek society and in the concept of tragedy; in the Arabian Nights; in Petrarch; in seventeenth-century France; in Pushkin; in Gide's assessment and reappraisal of French Classical Tragedy; in the poet Guillevic's interpretation of the Breton landscape; and within the theology of the Christian church.

Literary Theory and Sanskrit Poetics Language, Consciousness, and Meaning
1993 0-7734-9379-4
Unlike the Western mode, Sanskrit poetics provides an understanding of language and consciousness based not on difference but on the coexistence of opposites. This study argues that the knowledge of meaning and expanded consciousness provided by Sanskrit poetics supplements deconstruction and poststructuralism. In contributing to the growing multicultural emphasis in scholarship, this book develops a comparative poetics between the European and Sanskrit literary traditions.

Literary Theory of Juan Carlos RodrÍguez, Contemporary Spanish Cultural Critic
2008 0-7734-5057-8
This study mines the work of the preeminent Spanish cultural theorist and philosopher Juan Carlos Rodríguez. By elucidating some of the key features of his work, this work advances debate on the broader problems of literary analysis within and beyond Hispanism.

Literature as Sheltering the Human
1993 0-7734-3038-5
The first section of the book deals with the births of language and literature from consciousness, and the formation of literary history. Explores Husserl's mapping of the origins of language, and subsequent language theories in Merleau-Ponty, Sartre, and Heidegger. Section Two traces privileged Homeric shelters such as the bowers off the battle-line in the Iliad and hidden islands like Ogygia in the Odyssey. It tracks that same language-sheltering into several Biblical wombs -- Sarai's, Mary's or Jonah's whale's, and turns from these to language shelters constructed by Sappho for her passion, Saint Paul for inner salvation, and by the creator of the Bhagavad Gita. The final section looks at the intimate intermeshing of literature and music with the Zeitsgeist, and finally, locates the impulse to literature and all art in the pulse of biology.

Literature of Satire in the Twelfth Century a Neglected Mediaeval Genre
1989 0-88946-316-6
Recent anthologies give the impression that formal satire faded with Juvenal or Apuleius and did not reappear until Erasmus. This neglect of the entire medieval period omits the most prolific era for Latin verse satire in literary history, an oversight this study rectifies.

Men’s Yearning Anger Toward Women in the Writings of D.h. Lawrence, Dion Fortune, and Ted Hughes: The Battle Between Jehovah and the Great Goddess
2015 1-4955-0286-4
A new narrative on the writers who paved the way for the modern goddess movements. Utilizing themes of both the occult and magic as well exposing previously undiscovered parallels between the three writers, this book identifies how the advent of the feminine divine enabled men to confront their woman centered rage through embracing a modern form of goddess worship in order to soothe their psychological wounds.

This book locates a literary study of the goddess in Lawrence, Fortune and Hughes within a narrative in which some modern men try to confront their yearning anger toward women by embracing goddess religion. The author argues that his chosen writers each helped this narrative to emerge, The book (a) offers Lawrence readers a new angle on his preoccupation with the goddess; (b) introduces Dion Fortune (virtually unknown outside her cult following) as an important twentieth century writer on marginality and sexuality; and (c) shows how Ted Hughes’ narratives of the suffering goddess (in Gaudete and Shakespeare and the Goddess of Complete Being especially) relate forwards to his own Birthday Letters and backwards to Lawrence’s Lady Chatterley’s Lover. The author also takes magic and the occult as a theme linking the three writers. In doing so he aspires to place his book in the company of other texts which have also taken the occult in modern literature for their subject.



Mesopotamian Epic Literature Oral or Aural?
1992 0-7734-9538-X
This book is one of the first collections of studies on a defined problem in Mesopotamian Literature. The broad topic of a possible oral or aural character of Akkadian and Sumerian epic poetry and its implications is treated in a number of ways, including a confrontation with traditional Oral-Formulaic Theory, an overview of Sumerian literary types which contrasts putative oral literature with historical literacy, a detailed analysis of the phonic features, and concentrations on specific structural features of Sumerian compositions in order to detect possible markers of either oral origins or aural performance and transmissions. Treating one of the very earliest literary systems mankind ever evolved, it will be of use to literary scholars and specialists in early literatures, as well as assyriologists.

Minimalism and the Short Story - Raymond Carver, Amy Hempel, and Mary Robison
1999 0-7734-7936-8
This work addresses minimalism as demonstrating a parallel poetics to that of the short story, and analyses many works of short fiction by Raymond Carver, Amy Hempel, and Mary Robison that reflect this relationship. Very little academic scholarship addresses Literary Minimalism in positive terms. This work traces the evolution of literary minimalism as a by-product of the development of the modern short story.

Mirror Metaphor in Modern Spanish Literary Aesthetics
2004 0-7734-6190-6
Mirrors that appear as motifs in the visual arts and literature abound throughout the history of all cultures of the world. Given its universality, the mirror often has served has a metaphor for introspection, self-contemplation and even autobiography, and has symbolized the structuring of works of fiction and drama. This study specifically examines the figurative mirrors that not only call attention to some aspect of the content of the work in which they appear, but also to the aesthetics with which that content is expressed. As such, it follows in the tradition of works such as M.H. Abrams's landmark study of the transition from Neoclassicism to Romanticism in England The Mirror and the Lamp and Marguerite Iknayan's The Concave Mirror: From Imitation to Expression in French Esthetic Theory: 1800–1830, but differs in that it seeks to incorporate theoretical and historical considerations of visual representation to the study of the mirror analogy in writing. Most importantly, and to the best of my knowledge, no such study exists that examines the mirror metaphor of representation in the literary tradition of Spain.

While the mirror metaphor is such a commonplace throughout the centuries of artistic and literary aesthetics, surprisingly little more than the two above-mentioned studies exist that explore the motivations underlying use of the mirror analogy. This study incorporates contemporary theories of semiotics and reader response along with more eclectic and traditional approaches to aesthetics in order to address the theoretical implications raised by the appearance of the metaphor in evolving contexts (i.e., across artistic movements and periods). In light of this, the theoretical and comparative considerations throughout the study could also be of interest to scholars and students of French, English and comparative literatures in spite of the focus on the Spanish tradition.

Modern Bestiary - Animals in English Fiction 1880-1945
1996 0-7734-8908-8
Taking Darwin's publication of Origin of Species as a significant point of departure, it discusses such key authors as Hardy, Lawrence, Kipling, Wells, Orwell, and others, arguing that the variety and richness of this literature represents a revival in the fortunes of Bestiary literature. In the Middle Ages, much animal literature was written and its burden was instruction of a moral kind. This study shows that modern British writers have turned to the world of animal nature, realistically, figuratively or fantastically, to find an alternative orientation to the world -- to find a more satisfactory view of man's place in nature. The modern Bestiarists represent a wide variety of fictional technique and an equally extensive range of thematic interest.

Modern Reflections of Classical Traditions in Persian Fiction
2002 0-7734-6935-4
This book describes and analyzes contemporary Iranian fiction through the technical components of Persian literary tradition. Texts examined include: Tuba va Ma’na-ye Shab; Ghazaleh Alizadeh’s “Dadresi”; Ayenehha-Ye Dardar; and the short stories of Shahriyar Mandanipur.

Modernist Masters - Studies in the Novel
2002 0-7734-7032-8


Montaigne, Rabelais, and Marot as Readers of Erasmus
1995 0-7734-9029-9
Explores the relationship between critical reading and creative imitation of the works of Erasmus by Montaigne, Rabelais, and Marot. This study makes judicious use of Erasmus' exegetical writings and his Colloquies in order to demonstrate how specific religious, ethical, and moral problems were treated in remarkably similar ways by Erasmus, Montaigne, Rabelais, and Marot.

Moral Dilemma of the Scientist in Modern Drama
1996 0-7734-8869-3
This study includes chapters on European, American and British drama and bibliographic reference to many other plays about the scientists. While it is based on study of the original texts, it employs citations from English translations to make the material accessible to the English-speaking reader. It focuses on the moral dilemmas of the scientist and society but goes beyond the political and ethical discussion of atomic weapons that dominates most other studies. The plays discussed explore scientific experimentation with human subjects, utopian social science, the threat of irresponsible engineering and technology, creationism vs. evolution, and the abuses of psychiatry. The plays link these modern issues with eternal themes of human existence: the inquiring nature of mankind, the drive for knowledge and certainty, questions about God, human uniqueness and identity, a desire for and concern about progress. Dramas include: Goethe's Faust and "The Sorcerer's Apprentice"; Büchner's Woyzeck; Hauptmann's Before Daybreak; Kaiser's Gas-trilogy; Brecht's A Man's a Man, The Ocean Flight/The Baden Didactic Play of Agreement, and Life of Galileo; Kipphardt's In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer; Dürrenmatt's The Physicists; Lawrence and Lee's Inherit the Wind; and Barnes' The Ruling Class.

Motif of the Separating Sword in World Art and Literature: A Study of Its Origins and Development
2008 0-7734-4999-X
A re-examination “the Separating Sword” that demonstrates the complexity of intertextual influences across linguistic and cultural boundaries.

Multidisciplinary Study of Fiction Writing
2003 0-7734-6800-5
Models of the writing process are used in teaching, research, and the design of software tools for writers. This study constructs a model of fiction writing. It approaches the subject in an investigative fashion, looking firstly at the range of models in current use. The result is a basic model of writing, which encapsulates the findings of empirical research into writing behavior. It shows that current theories of writing make assumptions about language, whose roots can be traced to Chomsky’s transformational grammar and its forebears. To add specificity to the basic model, the study turns to Saussure’s view of language as a system of signs, and pursues the idea that semiology and literary theory can be used to develop theories of writing as well as of reading. It discusses work by Jakobson, Genette, Todorov and Barthes, and proposes a hypothesis about the ways in which fiction writers create meanings. Written for readers in the humanities, it will be of equal value to any scholar who is interested in the theory and practice of writing.

Myth of the Descent to the Underworld in Postmodern Literature
2003 0-7734-6700-9
This book presents the most comprehensive study currently available of the myth of the descent to the underworld in postmodern literature. It develops a theory of necrotypes – archetypal images consistently evoked by the myth of the nekyia – and applies it to close readings of selected works by major authors of the period, from Alejo Carpentier and Octavo Paz to Thomas Pynchon and Ken Kesey. In addition, the study shows how these works exemplify the postmodern practice of ludic syncretism, the playful fusion of materials from a wide variety of multicultural sources, including Classical, Biblical, Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Native American, Nordic, Celtic, and Hermetic mythologies. Finally, it shows how ludic syncretism evolved from High Classical Modernism, in a manner analogous to the evolution of Hellenistic from Classical art, or of Baroque from that of the High Renaissance.

Mythic Hero's Appearance in the Twelve Seasons of Nature: His Dramatic Action in Literature and Film
2012 0-7734-4082-8
The hero in literature and film is an expression of seasonal occurrence. His behavior exhibits, symbolically, the relationship of the sun to the earth in twelve phases. It begins at the March equinox and proceeds through the natural year. He assumes, then, twelve distinct characterizations. His conflicts and successes reflect the natural conditions of Early Spring, Mid-Spring, Late Spring, and so on. It creates an aesthetic development that primarily converts traditional mythic dynamics (based in agriculture) into story lines. His character in a given season suggests the dynamism of that season in a modern cultural context. As all works of literature and film either indicate or suggest a seasonal moment, all heroes as will be shown by reference to over a hundred novels, plays, short stories, and films, are characterized by the force of aesthetic sublimation in sympathy with their seasonal set.

Nation as Invisible Protagonist in Dickens and Dostoevsky
2007 0-7734-5478-0
Contributes greatly to the study of two important authors from the 19th century, Fyodor Dostoevsky and Charles Dickens. Acknowledging the radically different national traditions that influenced Dostoevsky’s and Dickens’ novels, such studies failed to make a serious attempt to define this difference or to place it within the proper historical context. The historical significance of “national” is usually overlooked. In the 19th century, reference to “National” is highly charged with special meaning since many nations as we know them now appeared during this period and so nationalism was a major influence both in the political and literary arenas of the time. This study examines the impact of nationalism on the content and form of Dostoevsky’s and Dickens’ novels.

Necessity, Freedom and Transcendence in the Romantic Poets a Failed Religion
1998 0-7734-8347-0
This work takes another look at the old and vexed question of freewill and determinism and the way they define our ethics. Especially interesting is how they form the frame of those great works where literature and religion merge. This study traces a clear and fascinating narrative through the thought of the major British Romantic poets, from its rise in Wordsworth and Coleridge, through Shelley and Keats, to its decline with Byron. Chapter Headings include: Preface; Definitions; Mechanical Necessity; Freedom as Liberty; Teleological Necessity; The Liberty of Obedience; Separateness.

Neo-aristotelian and Joycean Theory of Poetic Forms
1995 0-7734-8886-3
This work advances a theory of poetic forms in the six modes of poetry: lyric, narrative, dramatic, expository, descriptive, and argumentative. The theory is based on a combination of Aristotle's four-part method of describing classical tragedy with part of Joyce's aesthetic theory expressed in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.

New Interpretation of Sophocles' oedipus Tyrannus: in the Light and Darkness of Apollo
2014 0-7734-0057-5
This unique and fresh interpretation of an enigmatic classic provides a better understanding of the play’s religious and political undertones with an innovative and focused examination which proposes an earlier recognition than previously assumed of the whole truth by Jocasta. This will become an indispensable reference book for Classical scholars in this first ever English translation.

Opacity in the Writings of Robbe-Grillet, Pinter, and Zach a Study in the Poetics of Absurd Literature
1992 0-7734-9701-3
A comparative cross-cultural and cross-generic study which examines the works of Robbe-Grillet, Pinter, and Zach, in reference to the basic principles of the poetics of the Absurd as set out by Sartre and Camus. The assumption underlying this approach is that in modern literature as a whole, the opacity of the text is often an intentionally-achieved effect, which is the result of a rich and sophisticated rhetorical-stylistic apparatus. The unintelligibility of the text constitutes an essential part of its impact, merging into the thematics and, to a great degree, fashioning the very meaning of the work.

Percy Bysshe Shelley's Poetic Science: His Visionary Enterprise and the Crisis of Self-Consciousness
2012 0-7734-3060-1
This epistemologically oriented analysis of Shelley’s verse explores the poet’s visionary enterprise and the emergence of the Shelleyan self. Shelley, once a candidate to become a physician, gave scientifically sound descriptions of the workings of the eyes and nervous system.

The author, after surveying the literature, gives descriptions of Shelley’s psychological and physiological features recorded by the poet himself. The operations of the poet’s eyesight are seen to be linked to his imagery and use of language.

Philosophy in Literature
1992 0-7734-9915-6
This study examines several traditional philosophical problems as they are presented in works of literature and cinema. Instead of wading through dry, classical discourse, the joy and intrigue of reading and doing philosophy is gained by examining the same philosophical topics in dramatic settings. Works include Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking-Glass and The Hunting of the Snark, Michelangelo Antonioni's Blow-Up, and Joseph Heller's Catch-22.

Poetic Development and the Romantic Self in Exile in Byron and Shelley
2003 0-7734-6544-8
The two Romantic poets have such similar biographies that most comparative studies of them draw heavily on the few biographical differences and neglect a careful analysis of how their actual work differs. He aspires to correct the imbalance and so offer a general appreciation of these authors.

Poetry of Laetitia Pilkington (1712-1750) and Constantia Grierson (1706-1733)
1996 0-7734-8866-9
This volume brings together all the poems by the two women which are available in several eighteenth-century anthologies. This edition prints the poems in their original format as transcribed from the editions in the Bodleian Library. Notes have been added to explain references contemporary and classical, and a brief introduction sets the poets in their background. Because Laetitia Pilkington published her poems randomly interspersed in her Memoirs, this edition reproduces where available for each poem her comments from the Memoirs which often set the poem in context. A companion volume to The Poetry of Mary Barber (Mellen, 1992), this means that virtually all of the poems attributed to these three women are now accessible to scholars and students.

Poetry of Mary Barber (?1690-1757)
1992 0-7734-9465-0
The poems of Mary Barber have been transcribed from the 1734 edition of Poems on Several Occasions in the Bodleian Library. This is the quarto edition published by Samuel Richardson who was also a subscriber. The original spelling, punctuation and capitalization have been retained and, as far as possible, the emphases of the original. These poems enlarge for the 20th-century reader not only the body of 18th-century poetry, but also help balance the often frivolous and cynical view presented by the male poets of the period. In addition, for those interested in the complex personality of Jonathon Swift, Mary Barber and her poems throw new light on the Dean's supposed misogyny.

Poets and Critics, Their Means and Meanings Including Essays on Browning, Ruskin, Stevens, Heaney, and Others
1993 0-7734-9268-2
This volume begins with an argument that poetry has a job to do: it is one of man's basic tools for keeping himself in touch with the world. The next essay confronts one of the enduring problems of interpretation: how do you know your interpretation is "correct"? Other essays represent different approaches to literature that add to the reader's understanding of the texts. They attempt to sort out dramatic relationships, clarify the role of imagery, identify prosodic accomplishments, or understand the reasons for poet's revisions of his manuscript. Two of the essays discuss the critical methods of two famous 19th-century critics, Poe and Ruskin.

Political Unconscious of the Fantasy Sub-Genre of Romance
2001 0-7734-7631-8


Portrayal of Old Age in Twentieth Century Canadian Novels
1991 0-7734-9870-3
Life styles and quality of life of the elderly are described and analyzed, as well as the physical and psychological traits associated with them. Discusses the possible influence of the gender and background of the authors on their portrayal. Contains a synopsis of each novel, showing the role of the elderly along with pertinent information about the author and publication of the work, and two extensive indices.

Portrayals of Medicine, Physicians, Patients, and Illnesses in French Literature From the Middle Ages to the Present: A Collection of Essays
2011 0-7734-1512-2
This collection of essays examines the various representations of medicine in French Literature, from the Middle Ages to the present. It addresses questions of how we have developed, authorized and dealt with the concept of being studied and treated as scientific subjects. The study also investigates how we negotiate being patients, doctors, and spectators in defining the concept and the field of medicine.

Psychoanalysis and Sovereignty in Popular Vampire Fictions
2003 0-7734-6831-5
This book explores the uncanny modalities of eroticism in vampire literature and film. It critiques the predominant approaches to a body of texts which depict sovereignty and the will to power, and considers the shortcomings of the overwhelming focuses on sexuality in current Gothic studies, present the vampire instead as a popular cultural version of transgressive human sovereignty. The theoretical trajectory interfaces literary, cinematic, cultural studies, and continental philosophy, and engages with psychoanalysis, and proposes a metaphysics of vampire fantasy.

Psychoanalysis and the Portrayal of Desire in Twentieth Century Fiction
2007 0-7734-5559-0
This book explores the concept of desire through psychoanalytic theory, namely in the work of Freud and Lacan, in Feminist theory and in contemporary critical theory and literature. Wide ranging in its pursuits, the book examines what Gorton terms ‘critical scenes of desire’ in literary and artistic examples in order to argue that desire, as a concept, allows for moments of production and transformation. Unlike theorisations that situate desire as ‘lack’, Gorton argues that desire can be reconceived as progressive and multiple. She also suggests that there is a desire on the part of the reader or critic which creates a second ‘scene of desire’ in which the reader tries to ‘solve’ the enigma of the text. In other words, there is a tendency on the part of the critic and reader to want to fill in the gaps that desire creates in the narrative. This book does not seek to be comprehensive in its theorisation of the concept of desire, nor does it attempt to offer a history of the concept within cultural theory. Instead, it examines the way we read for desire and argues that the concept of desire can be found in these readings as progressive and transformative.

Psychology of the Grotesque in August Strindberg’s the Ghost Sonata
1999 0-7734-8207-5
In addition to a comprehensive Jungian analysis of the play, this study provides a psychological definition of the grotesque which may be used as a critical model for other literary works that involve a grotesque vision.

Questions of Tragedy a Selection of Essays on Tragedy and the Tragic
1991 0-7734-9903-2
Fulfills the need for a carefully selected group of supplementary readings in the study of Tragedy. Begins with the premise that any reading of tragedy can be stimulated and enriched by supplementary critical texts which have been selected for precisely those qualities that would enhance one's response to tragedy. Attempts a reconstruction of the canon of the criticism of tragedy through a critical overview of traditional classical commentary, Russian Formalism, Reader Response Theory, Structuralism, Post-Structuralism, Deconstructionism, and Marxist criticism. Includes selections from the writings of Aristotle, Hegel, Nietzsche, Georg Lukacs, Arthur Miller, Karl Jaspers, Max Sheler, Laurence Michel, Henry Alonzo Myers, Northrop Frye, Albert C. Outler, and others. Arranged chronologically, supplemented by selective bibliography.

Re-Visioning of the Heroic Journey in Postmodern Literature
2006 0-7734-5911-1
This study explores the concept of every man and every woman as hero. Using three models of the heroic journey, this book identifies and delineates female and male heroes in a variety of works and genres of postmodern American culture. Joseph Campbell’s thesis as set forth in The Hero With a Thousand Faces (1949) maintains that regardless of manifestation, the heroic journey is one core myth describing venturing human beings as they progress through levels of consciousness to individuation, self-actualization, and enlightenment. Exploring that assertion, the study also uses two post-Campbell models, Carol S. Pearson’s archetypal model The Hero Within: Six Archetypes We Live By (1986) and Susan A. Lichtman’s gender specific model, Life Stages of Woman’s Heroic Journey: A Study of the Origins of the Great Goddess Archetype (1991). These theories are applied to twentieth-century works from various cultures – Latin American, African American, and Anglo-American – and various genres – literature, film and drama. This work will appeal to scholars in a variety of areas including those researching identity, psychological development, and consciousness evolution in literary characters and how that development is influenced by the cultures and systems within which those characters live.

Readers’ Response to Isabel Allende’s Fiction: A Critical Study of Her Cross-Cultural Popularity in Britain and Spain
2014 1-4955-0280-5
An original piece of scholarship that will interest a wide range of readers. This research is innovative in other ways too. Methodologically, it approaches readers through the under studied cultural form of the reading group. As a whole, this project contributes to an understanding of Allende’s cross-cultural popularity by situating readers at the centre.

Reading Feminist Intertextuality Through Bluebeard Stories
2001 0-7734-7394-7
This study offers a new theory for feminist intertextuality based on strategies at work in rewritings of the Bluebeard fairy tale. The book asserts that feminist intertextuality revises one coercive intertext in particular: that of intertextuality theory itself. Rewritings of the fairy tale accordingly can be seen to privilege either the embedded narrative or the escape from it, subscribing either to monologic or dialogic intertextuality. The work examines the original Bluebeard tale group (Perrault, Grimm, variants); historical and modern Bluebeards; and then other writers, including Jane Austen, William Godwin, Margaret Atwood, John Fowles, Peter Ackroyd, Kurt Vonnegut, Angela Carter, Gloria Naylor, Emma Cave, Max Frisch, Stephen King, Méira Cook, and Donald Barthelme.

Realism in Samuel Richardson and the AbbÉ PrÉvost
2005 0-7734-6124-8
This book includes ten essays that establish a viable connection between Samuel Richardson and the abbé Prévost in the contexts of realism and literary relations between England and France which were cultivated by the mutual interest – on both sides of the Channel – in travel books like the Histoire générale des voyages, memoir novels, and other types of adaptations like Le pour et contre that surfaced as anecdotal fiction, especially the epistolary novel, began to push up against political discourses and philosophical tracts. Richardson’s three novels are studied along with Prévost’s translations of the History of Sir Charles Grandison and Frances Sheridan’s Memoirs of Miss Sidney Bidulph. This analysis reinforces the often overlooked richness of texts that identify major themes and issues in novels about women after 1740 – principally the passive heroine derailed by patriarchal expectations, and fatal or near fatal missteps on the part of heroines in Pamela, Clarissa, and Sidney Bidulp, the dark underbelly and nightmarish plenitude in Cleveland, and the powerful sweep of language and emotion in histoire d’une Grecque moderne.

Richardson’s use of the Pauline letters is given a fresh look and his strategies regarding Colonel Morden in Clarissa offer a refreshing addition to scholarship that has not emphasized this important dimension. The timeline of Le Pour et contre is the first synthesized attempt to assign publishing dates and subject matter to all twenty volumes, and the extensive chronology of Prévost’s life represents a comprehensive listing of information compiled from French and English sources. The study of defrocked clergy as “custodians of the Enlightenment” fills a gap that should excite the interest of scholars with expertise in that domain. In these essays, there is little attempt to argue from ideology or post-modern rhetoric, and yet the interpretations of Richardson’s novels and Prévost’s works are carefully scrutinized. Pre-conceived notions and unchallenged critical evaluations of these texts are often questioned, and the essays are accompanied by capacious and inquisitive notes and detailed references. What links Richardson and Prévost together more than anything else is the way they practiced alchemy with language and became goldsmiths of the word. Other authors were as productive, but none seemed to refine the baser elements of language with such dexterity.

Recalling Fiction’s Cultural Context - Early Gothic and Utopian Romance Cooper, Poe, Crane, Cather, Lawrence, Fitzgerald and West
2002 0-7734-7046-8


Recent Perspectives on European Romanticism
2002 0-7734-6984-2


Recontextualization of William Faulkner in Latin American Fiction and Culture
2002 0-7734-7013-1


Reflections on the Aesthetics of Futurism, Dadaism, and Surrealism a Prosody Beyond Words
1993 0-7734-9361-1
Analyzes the aesthetic thrust of the three most important avant-garde movements in the twentieth century, defining both similarities and differences in their poetics. In compelling essays like "A Will to Art," "Modern Drama and Nonverbal Poetics," "Le Chapelet du hasard: Ideas of Order in Dada-Surrealist Imagery," "Three Modes of Semantic Accrual," and "The Aesthetics of Ambiguity," Sellin explores the inner workings of the creative impulses and the resulting poetic structures which inhere in the creative works of these early avant-garde movements.

Representation and Ideology in Jacobean Dramathe Politics of the Coup De Théâtre
1999 0-7734-1253-0
This study analyzes a characteristic feature of some Jacobean plays, the serialization of coup de théâtre, by first tracing back and theoretically reconstructing its pattern in Aristotle’s Poetics and later in the Italian literary debate and experiments on tragicomedy of the late Renaissance. The adoption of the larger European perspectives allows the study to document the peculiar, original solutions adopted by the Jacobean dramas, where this pattern is not only integrally reproduced in the case of Beaumont and Fletcher’s tragicomedy, but also inventively used in a critical way by dramatists such as Tourneur, Middleton and Webster in order to create highly problematical and radical tragedies.

Representations of Innocence in Literatures of the World Strategies of Multicultural Narrative
1994 0-7734-9394-8
Examines texts from a range of cultures, exploring differences in technique and point of view in the presentation and valuation of innocence. It explores eight texts and arrays them on a scale of increasing complexity. Texts include: an untitled Manx tale by Neddy Beg Hom Ruy; a Navaho autobiography, Son of Old Man Hat; Grahame's The Wind in the Willows; Mediz Bolio's La tierra del Faisán y del Venado; Kafka's Elf Söhne; Diderot's Neveu de Rameau; and Gombrowicz's Pornografia.

Representations of the Island of Caribbean Literature Caribbean Women Redefine Their Homelands
2009 0-7734-4909-4
This book analyzes the literary representation of the island in Caribbean women’s literature as a key component of the gendered construction of diasporic identity.

Rereading F. Scott Fitzgerald
2007 0-7734-5459-4
It has long been assumed that F. Scott Fitzgerald was inspired by American and British sources, however, this study takes the first look at continental literature as a possible source of Fitzgerald’s writing and finds that there was massive borrowing. Most saliently, the vast the influence of Alain-Fornier’s Le grand Meaulnes on Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby is demonstrated in detail for the first time, while other chapters consider the influence of Tolstoy, Ibsen and Strindberg on Fitzgerald’s fiction. Though largely focused on The Great Gatsby, this study does cover the full life and work of this important American author who continues to draw in new readers every year with his Roaring Twenties version of the American Dream.

Rise of Autobiography in the Eighteenth Century
2012 0-7734-2640-X
Bell utilizes an inter-disciplinary approach to studying autobiography in the 18th Century. Making use of religion and philosophy, history and literature, contemporary theory and humanism, his original analysis offers a unique array of disciplinary interpretations of the genre. This book not only deals with autobiography in a thorough manner, it also incorporates historical and philosophical interpretations to the presentation of self in this type of literature. He also demonstrates some of the problems with first person singular writing, which distinguishes this style from other forms of non-fiction, and shows how the philosophical question of ‘what can we know and how can we know it?’ is intimately related to the problem of the ‘self’ and narrative persona.

Robinsonade Tradition in Robert Michael Ballantyne's the Coral Island and William Golding's the Lord of the Flies
1996 0-7734-4210-3
Examines Defoe's Robin Crusoe as prototype, then compares the Ballantyne and Golding novels. Includes short examinations of the lives of the authors.

Role of Swine Symbolism in Medieval Literature Blanc Sanglier
1991 0-7734-9682-3
The pig has probably evoked more unexplained extremes of human emotions than any other animal. What are the possible origins of the symbolism attached to this animal? Has it ever been viewed differently? In a light tone, with alliteration and bantering humor, many original theories are presented to show how our western heritage subconscious associations toward the pig have developed.

Role of the Parrot in Selected Texts From Ovid to Jean Rhys
2006 0-7734-5574-4
This book features the efforts of a group of academics from diverse disciplines that have been working together to highlight the presence of the parrot in selected texts across the centuries. Their common purpose is to demonstrate that fictional parrots invariably function as more than decoration, comedy or badges denoting the eccentricity of their human owners. These versatile and talented birds function as markers for subtle literary techniques. Using the parrot as an interpretative tool the focus is on a range of narrative strategies and metaphorical meanings employed by the authors in question and argue that these are embodied in the attributes of the speaking bird who figures significantly in each work.

Rousseau’s Impact on Shelley Figuring the Written Self
1999 0-7734-7969-4
Examines the literary relationship between Rousseau and Shelley as it presents itself historically, intertextually, and in relation to language theory. Provides the reader with close original readings of several major works by Shelley: Queen Mab, Alastor, Julian and Maddalo, The Sensitive Plant and The Triumph of Life. Finally, Shelley's search for a suitable figure through whom he sought to examine the nature of identity is generalized into an exploration of Romantic subjectivity and written expressions of the self. Such an analysis of romantic notions of identity and subjectivity has broad significance for the study of Romanticism as a whole.

Science Fiction, Myth, and Jungian Psychology
1995 0-7734-9023-X
This study takes a fresh approach to the genre of science fiction -- comparative mythology and Jungian psychology, as a contrast to many books in the field which are concerned with a scientific or Freudian perspective. It will be useful not only to scholars in the field of literary studies, but to those using interdisciplinary approaches. It would also be a useful text for courses in contemporary fiction and cinema, mythology and literature, and psychology and literature.

Selected Interdisciplinary Essays on the Representation of the Don Juan Archetype in Myth and Culture
2000 0-7734-7506-0
These essays offer an interdisciplinary approach to the figure of Don Juan, exploring the developing and different responses to him over the centuries, also across genres and media. It addresses the key formulation of the character in 17th century Spain, traces his development through the opera up to and beyond Mozart, and, finally, surveys his destiny in the Modern Period of literature.

Semiotics of Misogyny Through the Humor of Chekhov and Maugham
1992 0-7734-9570-3
Examines the fictional worlds of Chekhov and Maugham (with their enormous resistance to abandoning the traditional myths about women) as symbolic responses to the changing culture. The purpose of this semiotic enterprise is to disclose the regrettably simplistic interpretation of the Other and the potential for violence that the seemingly innocent fictional signs carry. It is also to challenge the pervasiveness of the dangerous myth that involves interpreters of culture, myth and song.

Semiotics of World Literature
1996 0-7734-8776-X
This exegetical survey of world literature from a Saussurean point of view contributes to the application of general semiotics to the study of literature by presenting a critical interpretation of selected passages in the history of world literature. The premise is that paradigmatic and syntagmatic considerations help to define the values and themes of the episteme of a literary period. Although a diachronic approach predominates in traditional studies of world literature with an emphasis on the Western tradition, this work takes a global approach that recognizes the importance of diversity and multicultural studies in fostering a mature semiotics of literature that includes Asian and African literary products as well as European and American texts. Thus, it presents an effort to synthesize and interpret selected literary texts from the preliterate pictorial representations of a cultural episteme to the contemporary representations about postmodern dilemmas such as the AIDS epidemic.

Sex, Drugs, and Madness in Poetry From William Blake to Christina Rossetti Woman's Pain, Woman's Pleasure
1996 0-7734-2276-5
Defining pain and pleasure as synonyms to describe woman's condition in nineteenth-century England, this study closely examines poems by both well and lesser-known poets as representatives. The study asserts that women, in both Romantic and Victorian poems, tend to seek pleasure as their remedy for physical as well as mental pain in their caged environment. Along with references to Mary Wollstonecraft, Caroline Norton, Florence Nightingale, and John Stuart Mill, the comprehensive discussion includes William Blake, Sara Coleridge, Lady Caroline Lamb, Maria Logan, Henrietta O'Neill, Anna Seward, Isabella Lickbarrow, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Robert Browning, and Christina Rossetti. Several critical methods, such as source as well as biographical studies, the Foucauldian interpretation of social history, and Freudian analysis of individual symbols and imageries are applied to throw light on woman's culture in 19th-century Britain.

Sixteenth Century French Women Writers
2003 0-7734-6666-5
This study describes the ideas and works of women, mostly poets, who all had links to Marguerite d’Angoulême. Anne Malet de Graville was lady in waiting at the court of Claude de France, and made adaptations of two old texts. The Lyonnese school produced poets. Jeanne de Jussie, a Catholic nun, was driven out of Switzerland to a convent in Annecy, France, where she became abbess. She wrote a book wherein she described the horror of the persecution. Marie Dentière was a former abbess who abandoned her Catholic faith and wrote two books showing her as a strong defender of women. Camille de Morel belonged to an illustrious French family, and wrote poetry in Latin. This study provides biographies and studies of the surviving works of these women writers.

Specter or Delusion? the Supernatural in Gothic Fiction
1987 0-7734-1984-5
The first full-length study to explore connections among narrative viewpoint, fictional characters' belief or disbelief in the supernatural, and attitudes toward nonmaterial reality in the society to which the author belongs. Themes of uncertainty and madness dominate these works. The protagonist and the implied reader are forced to question the entire spiritual realm and the nature of reality. This study shows how these conflicts mirror cultural attitudes, from the rationalism of the eighteenth century to the skepticism and scientific preoccupations of the nineteenth.

Spiritual and Ethical Dimensions of Children’s Literature
2001 0-7734-7354-8
This study argues that children’s literature has a pronounced rhetoric which can be perceived as forming dichotomies within each of the eight classic genres of the field. Each chapter explores central dichotomies within a genre found in several important texts of that genre. Genres are: Science Fiction; Historical Fiction; Survival Fiction; Ethnic Fiction; Fantasy; Mystery; Contemporary Realism; Animal Stories. “. . . contributes significantly to theory and scholarship in the field of children’s and young adult literature. . . . Milner’s construct is thoughtfully and precisely developed. . . . it is undeniably a most valuable resource for academics and teachers alike.” – Wendy K. Sutton

Staging and Transformation of Gender Archetypes in a Midsummer Night’s Dream, M. Butterfly, and Kiss of the Spider Woman
2003 0-7734-6891-9
This study employs Jungian and post-Jungian hermeneutics to address psychological, social and political perspectives in A Midsummer Night’s Dream, M. Butterfly, and Kiss of the Spider Woman. These plays and their Broadway productions contain mythic narratives and dreams that Jung described as visionary drama. Peter Brooks’s production of A Midsummer Night’s Dream stages Jungian archetypes that bridge modern and postmodern production sensibilities and aesthetics. David Henry Hwang’s M. Butterfly deconstructs patriarchal personae and stages projection and introjection. Terrence McNally’s Kiss of the Spider Woman, an adaptation of Manuel Puig’s novel, demonstrates the fluidity of meaning in postmodern archetypes. This book will engage theatre scholars and practitioners as well as scholars of popular culture and interdisciplinary studies. It models archetypal hermeneutics as a useful analytical tool for postmodern performance criticism. Illustrated with production photographs.

Studies in the Biblical Sea- Storm Type-Scene Convention and Invention
1992 0-7734-9939-3
Examines the use of the ancient compositional device known as the type-scene, in particular the sea-storm type-scene as used by the Hebrew and Christian biblical writers. Explores the theme of the sea in ancient and classical Mediterranean literature including epic, romance, drama, travelogue, and poetry as the literary tradition from which the biblical use of the sea-storm type-scene emerged.

Studies in Twentieth-Century Diariesthe Concealed Self
1991 0-88946-385-9
Studies the diary as a metaphor of the continuous flow of time in a person's life, evoking the writer's often capricious and fragmentary recall of the past, and his daily attempt to transform memory into images that are appended as if they existed outside or beyond time. Contends that diaries supply the evidence that there is a need to engrave phrases and dates to "protect them from oblivion."

Study of Action-adventure Fiction -- the Executioner and Mack Bolan
1996 0-7734-8918-5
This is the first book-length study to investigate the phenomenon of this enormously popular genre. Employing hitherto closed access to the histories of several pioneering publishing companies, the book initially chronicles the rather chaotic rise (and fall) of small enterprises that saw the commercial potential in such an approach to fiction. Focusing first on the innovative creations of author Don Pendleton, the text traces the remarkable achievement of his thirty-eight book series, The Executioner. It examines the continuing success of the series under a growing number of writers, and includes a running commentary on the many Mack Bolan imitators that have sprung up. This book fills a gap in contemporary literary criticism on a genre that warrants extended analysis.

Study of Allegory in Its Historical Context and Relationship to Contemporary Theory
1996 0-7734-8792-1
This study moves against the grain of both traditional allegories and contemporary critical theory. The first section proposes hypotheses about existing theoretical work in the field. It shows how Pali Buddhist texts context 'metaphysics' many centuries before Nietzsche and Derrida, providing a distinct outlook on the problem of figurative language. The second section examines four texts, ranging from Plato to Dante, to indicate the difficult assumptions of 'life-giving' allegory. The third section deals with texts from Spenser onward that illustrate ghost-effects in the displacement of medieval allegory. The various chapters examine differing yet related inflections: economics in Plato, theatricality in the Buddha's texts, failing communication in Augustine, 'unreading' in the Roman de la Rose, marginality in Dante, doubtful signatures in Spenser, decapitation in Hawthorne, blindness in Baudelaire. The study is culturally far-reaching, and takes issue with the relatively truncated theories of allegory in our time. By scrutinizing other texts than the usual, it discloses new possibilities for investigation.

Superheroes and Greek Tragedy
2006 0-7734-5776-3
“A hero is someone who looks like a hero,” says film critic Robert Warshow, but in fact, we do not know who looks heroic to viewers other than ourselves. This study uses theories of affect and spectatorship to show how dramatic productions arouse pre-cognitive responses, such as pity and fear. These responses are tied to ideological frameworks: viewers root for Spiderman, but not for his arch-nemesis, the Green Goblin. In that case, affects arise from the value constructs of their cultures, and a comparison of heroes, modern films from Shane to Spiderman with stories of ancient Greek superheroes such as Antigone and Achilles, shows that each culture maintains a stereotype within which a range of responses to heroes can be defined. An ancient spectator, therefore, would not be concerned about whether Spiderman could save every innocent victim, for example, while a modern spectator does not admire Achilles when he demands respect before he saves his community. This study examines primary texts like the Iliad and Cryopaedia to set the viewing parameters of Athenian ideology, then considers how heroes, for example, like Oedipus and Iphigenia, might “look like heroes” to their original audience. This “affective hero,” unlike the structuralist hero, reflects the audience’s self-image back at itself and reveals surprising insights into culture.

Supernatural in Gothic Fiction Horror, Belief, and Literary Change
1992 0-7734-9164-3
While the numinous and heavily psychological aspects of the Gothic have recently received serious attention, no work has examined carefully the relation of the Gothic supernatural to the very different backgrounds of 18th-century and Victorian belief. This study examines the rise of the form, the artistic difficulties experienced by its early practitioners, and the transformation of the original problem-ridden Gothic works into the successful Victorian tales of unearthly terror. In doing so, this study makes a distinct contribution to our grasp of the Gothic and of the links between literature and religion.

Supernatural Intervention in the Tempest and Sakuntala
1980 0-7734-0352-3


Symbolism in the Novels of Tawfiq Al-Hakim and V.S. Naipaul. A Comparative Study of Literary Technique
2012 0-7734-3047-4
This book compares the literary styles of two authors from vastly different cultural and national heritages. Tawfiq Al-Hakim is an Egyptian and V.S. Naipaul is from Trinidad. The cultures are different but their literary techniques bear an affinity to one another. The author showcases how cultural differences are depicted in these novels, while also revealing a shared set of literary conventions utilized by these talented authors. Both draw on mythology and Jungian archetypes which are fertile ground for critical analysis that juxtapose them.

Systems Theory as an Approach to the Study of Literature Origins and Functions of Literature
1999 0-7734-8179-6


Tales of the Supernatural in Early Modern Japan Kaidan, Akinari, Ugetsu Monogatari
2002 0-7734-7095-6


Text as Resonance
2003 0-7734-6756-4
This book will be of interest to scholars working in the fields of literary criticism, literary theory, especially those interested in modern critical theory and 18th- and 19th-century French fiction. The five readings of these French short stories are preceded by a translator’s introduction on Finas’s work; two short pieces by Finas herself in which she describes her approach; and Roland Barthes’s preface to Le Bruit d’Iris (a selection of essays by Finas). The Appendix includes the complete text in English translation of two of the five short stories: Sade, Florville and Courval, translated by Lowell Bair, and Villiers de l’lsle-Adam, The Brigands, translated by Hamish Miles, both excellent translations, now out of print.

Textures, Spaces, Wonders
1993 0-7734-3036-9
This is a collection of brief verbal travel snapshots, from which fundamental registers of human experience are drawn: senses of violence (evoked by the pounding sea off Cabo San Lucas); coziness (Greek buses, Quebec cafés); desolation and despair (Auschwitz); despondence (Belize); the power of history (Mayan Corozal in Northern Belize); purity in nature (Zion National Park). The events and perceptions recorded here date from 1957 to 1990, and yet the temporal factor constantly collapses, to let forth from within it a single sense: of the always meaningful fabric of place, and the wonder all places exude, the scent by which they trap us.

Theological Analysis of Herman Bavinck's Two Essays on the Imitatio Christi: Between Pietism and Modernism
2013 0-7734-4484-X
This is an exploration into the mind of Herman Bavinck (1854-1921) whose name is still revered as one of the prominent leaders in the revival of Dutch Neo-Calvinism in the Netherlands that profoundly affected not only theology and the church but also education, politics and society more broadly. A new world of Bavinck thoughts have opened up with this first ever English translation of his two articles on the Imitation of Christ.

Transformation as the Principle of Literary Creation From the Homeric Epic to the Joycean Novel
2003 0-7734-6552-9
This study opens with an extensive introductory essay focused on the concept that there is no story without some kind of transformation. It ranges over centuries and across literatures in order to document clearly and concisely how this omnipresent feature of narrative actually works. Various aspects of transformation are investigated and elaborated, including problems of ontology and teleology, progression and regression, discovery and recovery, physical and psychological change, literal and figural formulations, truth and lie, physics and metaphysics. Eight principal chapters are devoted to classic works: the Iliad, Odyssey, Aeneid, Decameron, Canterbury Tales, Tom Jones, Jacques the Fatalist, Anna Karenina, and Ulysses. A centrally situated essay treating Don Quixote links the first four chapters with the second four. Profound shifts, changes, and reversals of plot find their place here in a wide-ranging discussion aimed also to evoke a focused sense and reminiscence of selected masterworks of world literature.

Trends in English and American Studies Literature and the Imagination Essays in Honour of James Lester Hogg
1996 0-7734-8747-6
This volume contains 32 essays which deal with modern trends in criticism in American and English literary and linguistic studies.

Trips of the Psyche
1993 0-7734-3040-7
This is a sequence of seventy-five vignettes: one to four-page mind-pictures of places, persons, ideas, and moral issues; a harvest of decades of looking and feeling. The themes advance thus: observations of objects in space; concern with aesthetics and the arts (sculpture, architecture) that organize space; travelling -- which moves through, and fills with, space; evolution and nature; the imagination -- as maker of art, and our sense of space; the religious instinct as an outgrowth of the imagination; the religious and the mythical -- how they are inter-related; our potential for compassion and solidarity; and the chances we have to export life with us beyond the grave. A world-view expresses itself here in pictures of the world; a blend of poetry, logic, historical observation, and mini-fictions.

Ulysses, 'wandering Rocks,' and the Reader Multiple Pleasures in Reading
1991 0-88946-493-6
The first critical study to link recent reader-response theory, cognitive analysis, psychoanalysis, and ideological theory to a complex modernist text. Combines theory and practical application in the areas of modernist literature, specifically James Joyce's Ulysses, and literary theory, particularly theories of reading.

Una ComparaciÓn De Los Escritos PoÉticos De Antonio Machado Con El Estilo E Ideas De GaldÓs, Pardo BazÁn, Baroja Y Unamuno/ a Comparison of the Poetic Writings of Antonio Machado with the Style of the Ideas of GaldÓs, Pardo BazÁn, Baroja and Unamuno
2011 0-7734-3932-3
A study that demonstrates the ways Antonio Machado’s poetry was affected by the works of realist-naturalists.

Understanding Beowulf as an Indo-European Epic. A Study in Comparative Mythology
2010 0-7734-3755-X
This monograph is the first book-length comprehensive textual analysis of the Beowulf saga as an Indo-European epic. It provides a detailed reading of the epic in conjunction with ancient legal and cultural practices that allow for a new understanding of this classic work. This theoretical resource offers insights valuable to the fields of comparative mythology, medieval literature and Anglo-Saxon studies.

Understanding Children’s Animal Stories
2000 0-7734-7735-7
This study examines the content and structure of 59 children’s realistic animal stories for ideological expressions of anthropocentrism. It concludes that the texts send ambivalent and contradictory messages: while children’s stories may serve to inform the reader about actual and potential connections to other animals, they also contain elements that continue to privilege the dominant view.

Untersuchungen Zur Biologie Der ErdkrÖte Bufo Bufo L. Unter Besonderer Berücksichtigung Des Einflusses Von Migrationshindernissen Auf Das Wanderverhalten Und Die Entwicklung Von Vier Erdkrötenpopulationen Im Stadtgebiet Von Osnabrück
1994 0-7734-4050-X
During the years 1987-1993, an intensive scientific study was conducted in a brookside meadow on the southwestern edge of Osnabrück, Germany, as part of the Hörne amphibian protection and research project. The objective of this paper is to describe the development of four common toad Bufo bufo populations. The influences of various migration obstacles and predators upon migratory behavior were quantified. The objects of investigation were two railway lines, a brook, agricultural acreage, roads and a built-up area, as well as the influence of predation by rats Rattus norvegicus. The dynamics of time and distance were also studied. In German.

Variety of Poetica Genres: Ars Poetica
2012 0-7734-3056-3
A collection of poems that displays a myriad of poetic genres complete with references. It provides ample opportunity for students to learn about all the different kinds of prose poems, even the lesser known tropes. The first section of Dr. Christopher's book is titled "Theory", which has a number of poems about poetic genres: "Prose Poetry", "What's a Sonnet for?," "A Genre is a Norm," "Comment on Naturalism," "The Novel Has Replaced the the Long Poem," and others. He also comments on style, on literary movements, on religous verse, on writing conferences, and criticism. The second section is titled "Practioners," and it contains poems commenting on the works of other poets (beginning in the classical period) or parodying their works or (in a few cases) translating their poems. In short Christopher's work is not focused on one aspect of poetry as John Holland's Rhyme's Reason was about verse forms, but it belongs in the same class of poetry about poems. The book aims to toy with the idea of what it is to write poetry, even while evoking styles used by famous poets from the past.

Views of Clytemnestra, Ancient and Modern
1991 0-88946-627-0
Six essays by five classicists describing a number of ancient and modern works which have Clytemnestra as a central character. Combines classical philology, modern psychology, feminist theory, and a variety of other critical techniques to analyze old views of Clytemnestra and arrive at new ones ranging from that of a fearful monstrosity to that of a mater dolorosa. Includes many one-of-a-kind museum photos.

Vocation in the Poetry of the Priest-Poets George Herbert, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and R. S. Thomas
2003 0-7734-6570-7
This book examines the poetry of George Herbert, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and R. S. Thomas in light of their shared experience as poets who were also priests. While having twin vocations is a constant that unites them, the poets’ vocational experiences differ markedly in line with the variable periods in which they wrote. Thus each comes up with quite different answers to the question of whether the Voice of the Muse is the same as the Voice of God.

Was Shakespeare a Jew? Uncovering the Marrano Influences in His Life and Writing
2011 0-7734-3939-0
This biography of Shakespeare presents a new perspective on the debate surrounding the real identity of William Shakespeare. Muller suggests that Shakespeare was a crypto-Jew who took care to hide his Jewish origins and that Elizabethan authorities, who were aware of this fact, attempted to eliminate any trace of his Jewish origins by making him an Anglo-Saxon hero. Using official documents that have not been employed by other scholars, Muller brings forth evidence that Shakespeare’s father was a Jew living in an England where Jews had been banned since the time of Edward I and the Act of Expulsion in 1290. Muller demonstrates that Shakespeare was brought up in the Jewish faith and that many of his closest connections were from Jewish circles. In addition, Shakespeare’s coat of arms, his retirement to Stratford, and his last will and testament, are further used as evidence that Shakespeare was a Jew. Anyone interested in the works of William Shakespeare, his life, and his true identity, will enjoy this well-researched and written book.

Weimar Classicism. Studies in Goethe, Schiller, Forster, Berlepsch, Wieland, Herder, and Steiner
2011 0-7734-1480-0
The essays contained in this volume address topics that often overlooked in existing scholarship. The book considers a wider circle of writers of Weimar Classicism and takes into account writers affected and impacted in their lives by the classical project. This present volume includes essays on the main two proponents of Weimar Classicism: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and Friedrich Schiller. Others, who lived in Weimar, or were affected by the culture of Weimar Classicism include: Georg Forster and Emilie Berlepsch, Christoph Martin Wieland, Johann Gottfried Herder, and Rudolf Steiner, and the aim is to analyse these writers from predominantly fresh perspectives, using different themes with the intention of continuing to explore and elucidate the extremely complex area of Weimar Classicism.

Whole Writer's Catalog an Introduction to Advanced Composition
1992 0-7734-9926-1
This textbook gives information to advanced students and practical applications to familiarize them with different writing contexts. It focuses on primary skills required to succeed at writing, and prepares students for writing opportunities encountered after they leave college.

Willa Cather and European Cultural Influence
1996 0-7734-8858-8
This collection of essays investigates Cather's intellectual relation to European culture and how it was reflected in her literary work. These essays open up debates around a number of Cather texts and suggest the stature of Cather as an American author much influenced by European culture and European immigrant culture in the US. Essays include: Building Dwelling Thinking: the ends of language in Cather and Lawrence (Fiona Becket); Under the Linden Tree: passion and suppression in Cather and Goethe (Ian Bell and Meriel LLand); Whose Antonia? Appropriations in My Antonia (Bridget Bennett); "Tonight Mrs. Forrester began with 'Once upon a time'": origins and traces in the work of Willa Cather (Helen M. Dennis); Signifying the Subaltern: Europe's others in selected texts of Willa Cather (Alison Donnell); From Little French Mary to Cuzak's Boys: aspects of the immigrant experience in the work of Sarah Orne Jewett and Willa Cather (Graham Frater); Willa Cather's Intellectual Milieu; Europe and Americanization (Guy Reynolds); A World Broken in Two: the writing of the European war in Willa Cather's One of Ours and Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway (Julie Sanders).

Women's Transition From Victorian to Modern Identity as Portrayed in the Modern Novel
2006 0-7734-5823-9
This book explores the modern novel’s reflection upon women’s enactment of the stable, whole, unified Victorian identity and anticipation of the successes that will result when women in the modern era find the means to embrace their dynamic, fluid, modern identity. This work will appeal to literary critics of Victorian and modern texts.